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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763302/vital-signs-tobacco-product-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students-united-states-2011-2018
#1
Andrea S Gentzke, MeLisa Creamer, Karen A Cullen, Bridget K Ambrose, Gordon Willis, Ahmed Jamal, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States; nearly all tobacco product use begins during youth and young adulthood. METHODS: CDC, the Food and Drug Administration, and the National Cancer Institute analyzed data from the 2011-2018 National Youth Tobacco Surveys to estimate tobacco product use among U.S. middle and high school students. Prevalence estimates of current (past 30-day) use of seven tobacco products were assessed; differences over time were analyzed using multivariable regression (2011-2018) or t-test (2017-2018)...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763301/days-supply-of-initial-opioid-analgesic-prescriptions-and-additional-fills-for-acute-pain-conditions-treated-in-the-primary-care-setting-united-states-2014
#2
Mallika L Mundkur, Jessica M Franklin, Younathan Abdia, Krista F Huybrechts, Elisabetta Patorno, Joshua J Gagne, Tamra E Meyer, Judy Staffa, Brian T Bateman
During 2017, opioids were associated with 47,600 deaths in the United States, approximately one third of which involved a prescription opioid (1). Amid concerns that overprescribing to patients with acute pain remains an essential factor underlying misuse, abuse, diversion, and unintentional overdose, several states have restricted opioid analgesic prescribing (2,3). To characterize patterns of opioid analgesic use for acute pain in primary care settings before the widespread implementation of limits on opioid prescribing (2,3), patients filling an opioid analgesic prescription for acute pain were identified from a 2014 database of commercial claims...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763300/quickstats-death-rates-for-motor-vehicle-traffic-injury-%C3%A2-by-age-group-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2015-and-2017
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763299/transmission-patterns-in-a-low-hiv-morbidity-state-wisconsin-2014-2017
#4
Katarina M Grande, Casey L Schumann, M Cheryl Bañez Ocfemia, James M Vergeront, Joel O Wertheim, Alexandra M Oster
Public health interviews (i.e., partner services), during which persons with diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection name their sexual or needle-sharing partners (named partners), are used to identify HIV transmission networks to guide and prioritize HIV prevention activities. HIV sequence data, generated from provider-ordered drug resistance testing, can be used to understand characteristics of molecular clusters, a group of sequences for which each sequence is highly similar (linked) to all other sequences, and assess whether named partners are plausible HIV transmission partners...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763298/interim-estimates-of-2018-19-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-united-states-february-2019
#5
Joshua D Doyle, Jessie R Chung, Sara S Kim, Manjusha Gaglani, Chandni Raiyani, Richard K Zimmerman, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Michael L Jackson, Lisa A Jackson, Arnold S Monto, Emily T Martin, Edward A Belongia, Huong Q McLean, Angie Foust, Wendy Sessions, LaShondra Berman, Rebecca J Garten, John R Barnes, David E Wentworth, Alicia M Fry, Manish M Patel, Brendan Flannery
In the United States, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months (https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/whoshouldvax.htm). Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine varies by season. During each influenza season since 2004-05, CDC has estimated the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine to prevent laboratory-confirmed influenza associated with medically attended acute respiratory illness (ARI). This interim report uses data from 3,254 children and adults enrolled in the U...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763297/notes-from-the-field-assessment-of-state-level-influenza-season-severity-minnesota-and-utah-2017-18-influenza-season
#6
Michelle M Hughes, Joshua D Doyle, Keegan McCaffrey, Melissa McMahon, Melanie Spencer, Karen Martin, Gregg M Reed, Anna E Carmack, Shikha Garg, Melissa Rolfes, Carrie Reed, Matthew Biggerstaff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763296/update-influenza-activity-united-states-september-30-2018-february-2-2019
#7
Lenee Blanton, Vivien G Dugan, Anwar Isa Abd Elal, Noreen Alabi, John Barnes, Lynnette Brammer, Alicia P Budd, Erin Burns, Charisse N Cummings, Shikha Garg, Rebecca Garten, Larisa Gubareva, Krista Kniss, Natalie Kramer, Alissa O'Halloran, Carrie Reed, Melissa Rolfes, Wendy Sessions, Calli Taylor, Xiyan Xu, Alicia M Fry, David E Wentworth, Jacqueline Katz, Daniel Jernigan
CDC collects, compiles, and analyzes data on influenza activity and viruses in the United States. During September 30, 2018-February 2, 2019,* influenza activity† in the United States was low during October and November, increased in late December, and remained elevated through early February. As of February 2, 2019, this has been a low-severity influenza season (1), with a lower percentage of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI), lower rates of hospitalization, and fewer deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza, compared with recent seasons...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763295/recommendations-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-for-use-of-hepatitis-a-vaccine-for-persons-experiencing-homelessness
#8
Mona Doshani, Mark Weng, Kelly L Moore, José R Romero, Noele P Nelson
Hepatitis A (HepA) vaccination is recommended routinely for children at age 12-23 months, for persons who are at increased risk for hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, and for any person wishing to obtain immunity. Persons at increased risk for HAV infection include international travelers to areas with high or intermediate hepatitis A endemicity, men who have sex with men, users of injection and noninjection drugs, persons with chronic liver disease, person with clotting factor disorders, persons who work with HAV-infected primates or with HAV in a research laboratory setting, and persons who anticipate close contact with an international adoptee from a country of high or interme-diate endemicity (1-3)...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763294/increased-methamphetamine-injection-drug-and-heroin-use-among-women-and-heterosexual-men-with-primary-and-secondary-syphilis-united-states-2013-2017
#9
Sarah E Kidd, Jeremy A Grey, Elizabeth A Torrone, Hillard S Weinstock
During 2013-2017, the national annual rate of reported primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis cases in the United States increased 72.7%, from 5.5 to 9.5 cases per 100,000 population (1). The highest rates of P&S syphilis are seen among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) (2), and MSM continued to account for the majority of cases in 2017 (1). However, during 2013-2017, the P&S syphilis rate among women increased 155.6% (from 0.9 to 2.3 cases per 100,000 women), and the rate among all men increased 65...
February 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730872/actions-in-support-of-newborn-screening-for-critical-congenital-heart-disease-united-states-2011-2018
#10
Jill Glidewell, Scott D Grosse, Tiffany Riehle-Colarusso, Nelangi Pinto, Jeff Hudson, Rachel Daskalov, Amy Gaviglio, Erin Darby, Sikha Singh, Marci Sontag
In 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services added critical congenital heart disease (CCHD), which occurs in two of every 1,000 births, to the list of conditions recommended to states for universal newborn screening (1). Without early detection, infants with CCHD are at risk for substantial morbidity and death in the first weeks and months of life (2). Based on 2007-2013 data, deaths from CCHD and other cardiac causes in infants aged <6 months significantly declined in infants born in eight states after they had fully implemented mandated newborn CCHD screening policies by June 2013 (3)...
February 8, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730871/quickstats-percentage-of-persons-of-all-ages-who-had-a-medically-attended-injury-during-the-past-3-months-%C3%A2-by-age-group-national-health-interview-survey-%C3%A2-2015-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730870/advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommended-immunization-schedule-for-children-and-adolescents-aged-18-years-or-younger-united-states-2019
#12
Candice L Robinson, Henry Bernstein, José R Romero, Peter Szilagyi
At its October 2018 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)* voted to recommend approval of the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger, United States, 2019. The 2019 child and adolescent immunization schedule summarizes ACIP recommendations, including several changes from the 2018 immunization schedule,† on the cover page, three tables, and notes found on the CDC immunization schedule website (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index...
February 8, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730869/american-heart-month-february-2019
#13
(no author information available yet)
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women in the United States, and heart attacks are a major category of heart disease; someone in the United States has a heart attack every 40 seconds (1). February is American Heart Month, an ideal time to remind all adults to focus on their hearts and encourage them, their families, friends, and communities to learn the important signs and symptoms of heart attack and how to respond. Recognizing that someone might be having a heart attack and calling emergency services (9-1-1) are crucial for optimizing access to lifesaving emergency cardiac care and receipt of advanced treatments and improving survival...
February 8, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730868/advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommended-immunization-schedule-for-adults-aged-19-years-or-older-united-states-2019
#14
David K Kim, Paul Hunter
In October 2018, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)* voted to recommend approval of the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults, Aged 19 Years or Older, United States, 2019. The 2019 adult immunization schedule, available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules,† summarizes ACIP recommendations in two tables and accompanying notes. The 2019 adult immunization schedule has been approved by the CDC Director, the American College of Physicians, the American Academy of Family Physicians, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American College of Nurse-Midwives...
February 8, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730867/notes-from-the-field-circulating-vaccine-derived-poliovirus-type-1-and-outbreak-response-papua-new-guinea-2018
#15
Mathias Bauri, Amanda L Wilkinson, Berry Ropa, Keith Feldon, Cynthia J Snider, Abhijeet Anand, Graham Tallis, Liliane Boualam, Varja Grabovac, Tigran Avagyan, Mohammad S Reza, Dessie Mekonnen, Zaixing Zhang, Bruce R Thorley, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Lea Necitas G Apostol, Yoshihiro Takashima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703079/hiv-partner-service-delivery-among-blacks-or-african-americans-united-states-2016
#16
Shubha Rao, Wei Song, Mesfin S Mulatu, Michele Rorie, Kevin O'Connor, Lamont Scales
Identifying persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who are unaware of their infection status, linking them to HIV care, and reducing racial/ethnic disparities are important national HIV prevention goals (1). Blacks/African Americans (blacks)* are disproportionately affected by HIV infection in the United States. Although blacks represent 13% of the U.S. population (2), in 2017, 44% of diagnoses of HIV infection were in blacks, and the rate of new diagnoses in blacks (41.1 per 100,000 persons) was approximately eight times that of non-Hispanic whites (5...
February 1, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703078/notes-from-the-field-mumps-outbreak-in-a-recently-vaccinated-population-kosrae-federated-states-of-micronesia-august-december-2017
#17
Susannah L McKay, Afeke Kambui, Livinson A Taulung, Ashley Tippins, Maribeth Eckert, Adam K Wharton, Rebecca J McNall, Carole Hickman, W Thane Hancock, Carter Apaisam, Peter Judicpa, Manisha Patel, Janell Routh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703077/postlicensure-safety-surveillance-of-recombinant-zoster-vaccine-shingrix-united-states-october-2017-june-2018
#18
Elisabeth M Hesse, Tom T Shimabukuro, John R Su, Beth F Hibbs, Kathleen L Dooling, Ravi Goud, Paige Lewis, Carmen S Ng, Maria V Cano
Recombinant zoster vaccine (RZV; Shingrix), an adjuvanted glycoprotein vaccine, was licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for adults aged ≥50 years in October 2017 (1). The previously licensed live-attenuated zoster vaccine (ZVL; Zostavax) is recommended for adults aged ≥60 years. RZV is administered intramuscularly as a 2-dose series, with an interval of 2-6 months between doses. In prelicensure clinical trials, 85% of 6,773 vaccinated study participants reported local or systemic reactions after receiving RZV, with approximately 17% experiencing a grade 3 reaction (erythema or induration >3...
February 1, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703076/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-who-were-prescribed-medication-in-the-past-12-months-%C3%A2-by-sex-and-age-group-national-health-interview-survey-%C3%A2-2017
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703075/use-of-toothpaste-and-toothbrushing-patterns-among-children-and-adolescents-united-states-2013-2016
#20
Gina Thornton-Evans, Michele L Junger, Mei Lin, Liang Wei, Lorena Espinoza, Eugenio Beltran-Aguilar
Fluoride use is one of the main factors responsible for the decline in prevalence and severity of dental caries and cavities (tooth decay) in the United States (1). Brushing children's teeth is recommended when the first tooth erupts, as early as 6 months, and the first dental visit should occur no later than age 1 year (2-4). However, ingestion of too much fluoride while teeth are developing can result in visibly detectable changes in enamel structure such as discoloration and pitting (dental fluorosis) (1)...
February 1, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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