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Journals BJOG : An International Journa...

BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324790/prenatal-exposure-to-solar-radiation-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#1
Danni Lu, Meng Li, Yuexin Gan, Guoqi Yu, Qianlong Zhang, Jun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between prenatal exposure to solar radiation and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). DESIGN: A multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: 19 hospitals in the U.S. POPULATION: 205,888 women with singleton gestation from the Consortium on Safe Labor (2002- 2008). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, and preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension...
July 29, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324258/pregnancy-denial-a-complex-symptom-with-life-context-as-a-trigger-a-prospective-case-control-study
#2
Hélène Delong, Julien Eutrope, Aurore Thierry, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Laurianne Vulliez, Violaine Gubler, Stéphanie Saad Saint-Gilles, Emmanuelle Tessier, Julie Le Foll, Sylvie Viaux, Gisèle Apter, Anne Danion, Julie Auer, Anne-Catherine Rolland
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for a woman to experience pregnancy denial. DESIGN, SETTING AND POPULATION: A French multicentric prospective case-control study with 71 mother-infant dyads having experienced a pregnancy denial versus a control group of 71 dyads. METHODS: Data were collected within the week after delivery through an observational leaflet and two psychiatric scales (MINI and QSSP). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Statistically significant differences between the two groups regarding social, demographic, medical and psychiatric data...
July 29, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324252/assessing-the-added-value-of-gbs-maternal-immunisation-in-preventing-maternal-infection-and-foetal-harm-population-surveillance-study
#3
Theresa Lamagni, Catherine Wloch, Karen Broughton, Simon M Collin, Vicki Chalker, Juliana Coelho, Shamez N Ladhani, Colin S Brown, Nandini Shetty, Alan P Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of maternal group B streptococcal (GBS) infection in England DESIGN: Population surveillance augmented through data linkage. SETTING: England POPULATION: All pregnant women accessing the National Health Service (NHS) in England METHODS: Invasive GBS (iGBS) infections during pregnancy or within six weeks of childbirth were identified by linking Public Health England (PHE) national microbiology surveillance data for 2014 to NHS hospital admission records...
July 29, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34314567/the-psychological-impact-of-gestational-trophoblastic-disease-a-prospective-observational-multicentre-cohort-study
#4
L J Blok, M M Frijstein, Y K Eysbouts, J A E Custers, F C G J Sweep, C A R Lok, P B Ottevanger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term psychological consequences of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD). DESIGN: A prospective observational multicentre cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide in the Netherlands POPULATION: GTD patients. METHODS: Online questionnaires directly after diagnosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Distress Thermometer (DT), Impact of Event Scale (IES) and Reproductive Concerns Scale (RCS)...
July 27, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34314554/impact-of-the-availability-of-midurethral-slings-on-treatment-strategies-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#5
Olivia H Chang, Lauren A Cadish, Aparna Kailasam, Beri M Ridgeway, Jonathan P Shepherd
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis for the surgical and non-surgical management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with and without the availability of midurethral sling. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis. SETTING: United States, 2019. POPULATION: Women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: We modeled SUI treatment pathways with and without the availability of midurethral slings, including no treatment, incontinence pessary, pelvic floor muscle physical therapy, urethral bulking injection, open and laparoscopic Burch colposuspension, and pubovaginal autologous sling...
July 27, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34312978/the-role-of-obesity-on-urinary-and-anal-incontinence-in-women-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Stergios K Doumouchtsis, Jemina Loganathan, Vasileios Pergialiotis
Obesity is increasing worldwide with significant healthcare implications. We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library for articles registered until June 2020 to explore the relationship between obesity, urinary (UI) and anal incontinence (AI). Obesity is associated with low-grade, systemic inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokine release, producing reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress (1). This alters collagen metabolism and, in combination with increased intraabdominal pressure, contributes to UI development...
July 27, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34312975/authors-reply-re-understanding-the-complexities-of-unexplained-stillbirth-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
LETTER
Carol Bedwell, Kieran Blaikie, Valentina Actis Danna, Chris Sutton, Rose Laisser, Chowa Tembo Kasengele, Sabina Wakasiaka, Suresh Victor, Tina Lavender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34296517/prenatal-diagnosis-and-pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-cancer-susceptibility-conditions
#8
Anjana Kulkarni, Mark David Kilby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34296513/re-understanding-the-complexities-of-unexplained-stillbirth-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
LETTER
Purnima Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34268858/-balancing-restrictions-and-access-to-maternity-care-for-women-and-birthing-partners-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-the-psychosocial-impact-of-suboptimal-care
#10
Joan Lalor, Susan Ayers, Jean Celleja Agius, Soo Downe, Olga Gouni, Katharina Hartmann, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze, Mirjam Oosterman, Jonathan D Turner, Sigfridur Inga Karlsdottir, Antje Horsch
The women's right to respectful and dignified care during labour and childbirth is strategically accepted [1]. As management committee members of the EU COST Action CA18211 network ('DEVOTION') focused on traumatic childbirth (www.ca18211.eu), we are concerned with ensuring a positive birth experience for all. We work on a pan-European level to ensure women's rights to give birth in a clinically and psychologically safe environment including during the current COVID-19 pandemic.
July 16, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34264001/long-term-outcomes-of-primary-cystocele-repair-by-transvaginal-mesh-surgery-versus-laparoscopic-mesh-sacropexy-extended-follow-up-of-the-prospere-multicentre-randomised-trial
#11
Jean-Philippe Lucot, Michel Cosson, Stephane Verdun, Philippe Debodinance, Georges Bader, Sandrine Campagne-Loiseau, Delphine Salet-Lizee, Cherif Akladios, Philippe Ferry, Renaud De Tayrac, Patrick Delporte, Sandra Curinier, Xavier Deffieux, Sébastien Blanc, Perrine Capmas, Alain Duhamel, Xavier Fritel, Arnaud Fauconnier
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of Laparoscopic Sacropexy (LS) and Transvaginal mesh (TVM) at four years. DESIGN: Extended follow-up of a randomised trial. SETTING: 11 centres POPULATION: Women with cystocele stage ≥ 2 (POP-Q), aged 45 to 75 years without previous prolapse surgery. METHODS: Synthetic non-absorbable mesh placed in the vesicovaginal space and sutured to the promontory (LS) or maintained by arms through pelvic ligaments and/or muscles (TVM)...
July 15, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34258868/aortic-balloon-for-the-intraoperative-management-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-need-for-standardised-methodology-and-safety-data
#12
Eric Jauniaux, Jie Yan, Aris T Papageorghiou
In 2003, Bell-Thomas et al (BJOG 2003;110:1120-1122) reported on the emergency use of a transfemoral aortic occlusion catheter to control massive haemorrhage in a case of caesarean hysterectomy for placenta percreta. This was only the second case published in the international literature on the use of an intra-abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (IABO) in the management of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) (Paull et al. Anesth Intensive Care 1995;23:731-734).
July 14, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34258862/a-call-to-arms-to-improve-women-s-health-a-brief-commentary-in-response-to-a-systematic-review-on-outcome-reporting-in-randomised-controlled-trials-assessing-treatment-interventions-in-pregnant-women-with-pregestational-diabetes-kgosidialwa-et-al
#13
Negar Naderpoor, Kate Rassie, Jacqueline Boyle, Helena Teede
Despite decades of research, a dedicated international study organisation, guidelines recommending tighter glycaemic control and technological advances in glycaemic monitoring, women with PGDM still experience increased adverse maternal and fetal outcomes (including congenital malformations, miscarriage, preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia, macrosomia and perinatal mortality).
July 14, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34258859/risk-factors-for-perioperative-blood-transfusions-after-urogenital-fistula-repair-in-uganda-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Thrisha K Potluri, Lauren M Holt, Jean Paul Tanner, Lucien Wasingya, Shane Duffy, Kristie A Greene
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and risk factors for perioperative blood transfusions after urogenital fistula repairs in Uganda. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. Setting A community hospital in Masaka, Uganda. Population Women who underwent fistula repair at the Kitovu Hospital between 2013 and 2019. METHODS: Retrospective review of demographics, and clinical perioperative characteristics of patients surgically treated for urogenital fistula...
July 14, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34258852/a-systematic-review-on-outcome-reporting-in-randomised-controlled-trials-assessing-treatment-interventions-in-pregnant-women-with-pregestational-diabetes
#15
REVIEW
Oratile Kgosidialwa, Delia Bogdanet, Aoife Egan, Christine Newman, Paula M O'Shea, Linda Biesty, Carmel McDonagh, Christine O'Shea, Declan Devane, Fidelma Dunne
BACKGROUND: Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Studies assessing interventions to improve maternal and infant outcomes have increased exponentially over the last number of years. Several outcomes in this field of maternal diabetes are rare outcomes making it difficult to synthesize evidence. OBJECTIVES: To collect outcomes reported in studies assessing treatment interventions in pregnant women with PGDM. SEARCH STRATEGY: CENTRAL, Web of Science, Medline, CINAHL, Embase and ClinicalTrials...
July 14, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34258836/the-association-between-the-vaginal-microenvironment-and-fecundability-a-register-based-cohort-study-among-chinese-women
#16
Xiang Hong, Jun Zhao, Xiaoyue Zhu, Qiaoyun Dai, Hongguang Zhang, Yan Xuan, Jiechen Yin, Yue Zhang, Xueying Yang, Shenghao Fang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Yuanyuan Wang, Zuoqi Peng, Ya Zhang, Bei Wang, Xu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the vaginal microenvironment and fecundability among women. DESIGN: Register-based nationwide cohort study. SETTING: Chinese National Free Pre-conception Check-up Project from 2015 to 2018. POPULATION: Our study included a total of 3, 388, 554 eligible women who were attempting to become pregnant. METHOD: We assessed the vaginal microenvironment at baseline by considering four indices: vaginal pH, clue cell examination, whiff test and vaginal cleanliness grading...
July 14, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34246198/adnexectomy-by-vaginal-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-versus-laparoscopy-results-of-a-first-randomised-controlled-trial-notable-trial
#17
Jan Baekelandt, Peter A De Mulder, Ilse Le Roy, Chantal Mathieu, Annouschka Laenen, Paul Enzlin, Bart Morlion, Steven Weyers, Ben Wj Mol, Jan Ja Bosteels
OBJECTIVE: To compare adnexectomy by vaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (vNOTES) versus laparoscopy. DESIGN: Parallel group, 1:1 single-centre single-blinded randomised trial, designed as non-inferiority study with a margin of 15%. SETTING: Belgian teaching hospital POPULATION: Non-pregnant non-virgin women with an intact uterus and without obliteration of the pouch of Douglas scheduled to undergo removal of an adnexal mass assessed to be benign on ultrasound by IOTA criteria...
July 10, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34245666/estetrol-drospirenone-combination-oral-contraceptive-a-clinical-study-of-contraceptive-efficacy-bleeding-pattern-and-safety-in-europe-and-russia
#18
Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Dan Apter, János Zatik, Steven Weyers, Terhi Piltonen, Larisa Suturina, Inna Apolikhina, Maud Jost, Mitchell D Creinin, Jean-Michel Foidart
OBJECTIVES: To assess the contraceptive efficacy, bleeding pattern, and safety of a combined oral contraceptive containing estetrol (E4) 15 mg and drospirenone (DRSP) 3 mg. DESIGN: Multicenter, open-label, phase 3 trial. SETTING: Sixty-nine sites in Europe and Russia. POPULATION: Sexually active women aged 18-50 years with regular menstrual cycles and body mass index ≤35 kg/m2 . METHODS: E4/DRSP was administered in a 24 active/4 placebo regimen for up to 13 cycles...
July 10, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34245656/levator-ani-avulsion-a-systematic-evidence-review-laser
#19
REVIEW
Zdenek Rusavy, Lenka Paymova, Michal Kozerovsky, Adela Veverkova, Vladimir Kalis, Rasha A Kamel, Khaled M Ismail
BACKGROUND: There is variation in the reported incidence rates of levator avulsion (LA) and paucity of research into its risk factors. OBJECTIVE: Explore incidence rate of LA by mode of birth, imaging modality, timing of diagnosis and laterality of avulsion. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED and MIDIRS with no language restriction from inception to April 2019. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A study was included if LA was assessed by an imaging modality after the first vaginal birth or caesarean section...
July 10, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34245654/the-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-system-versus-endometrial-ablation-when-the-choice-of-treatment-goes-beyond-its-efficacy
#20
Sarah Maheux-Lacroix
Endometrial ablation and levonorgestrel intra-uterine system (LNG-IUS) are two well-established treatment options for women with heavy menstrual bleeding (Bergeron C, Hum Reprod Update 2020;26(2):302-11) that have contributed to the important decrease in hysterectomies over the last decades (Bergeron AM et al. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2020;42(12):1469-74). Van den Brick et al. present a cost-effectiveness analysis comparing the two options, in which a treatment strategy starting with the LNG-IUS is less costly than a strategy starting with endometrial ablation...
July 10, 2021: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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