journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781928/yersinia-ruckeri-infection-and-enteric-redmouth-disease-among-endangered-chinese-sturgeons-china-2022
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yibin Yang, Shijian Xu, Hao He, Xia Zhu, Yongtao Liu, Mou Hu, Bobin Jiang, Yuqiang Li, Xiaohui Ai, Guihong Fu, Hongyu Zhang
During October 2022, enteric redmouth disease (ERM) affected Chinese sturgeons at a farm in Hubei, China, causing mass mortality. Affected fish exhibited characteristic red mouth and intestinal inflammation. Investigation led to isolation of a prominent bacterial strain, zhx1, from the internal organs and intestines of affected fish. Artificial infection experiments confirmed the role of zhx1 as the pathogen responsible for the deaths. The primary pathologic manifestations consisted of degeneration, necrosis, and inflammatory reactions, resulting in multiple organ dysfunction and death...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781927/outbreak-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-in-seals-st-lawrence-estuary-quebec-canada-1
#42
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stéphane Lair, Louise Quesnel, Anthony V Signore, Pauline Delnatte, Carissa Embury-Hyatt, Marie-Soleil Nadeau, Oliver Lung, Shannon T Ferrell, Robert Michaud, Yohannes Berhane
We describe an unusual mortality event caused by a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N1) virus clade 2.3.4.4b involving harbor (Phoca vitulina) and gray (Halichoerus grypus) seals in the St. Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada, in 2022. Fifteen (56%) of the seals submitted for necropsy were considered to be fatally infected by HPAI H5N1 containing fully Eurasian or Eurasian/North American genome constellations. Concurrently, presence of large numbers of bird carcasses infected with HPAI H5N1 at seal haul-out sites most likely contributed to the spillover of infection to the seals...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781926/estimates-of-sars-cov-2-hospitalization-and-fatality-rates-in-the-prevaccination-period-united-states
#43
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Isabel Griffin, Jessica King, B Casey Lyons, Alyson L Singleton, Xidong Deng, Beau B Bruce, Patricia M Griffin
Few precise estimates of hospitalization and fatality rates from COVID-19 exist for naive populations, especially within demographic subgroups. We estimated rates among persons with SARS-CoV-2 infection in the United States during May 1-December 1, 2020, before vaccines became available. Both rates generally increased with age; fatality rates were highest for persons >85 years of age (24%) and lowest for children 1-14 years of age (0.01%). Age-adjusted case hospitalization rates were highest for African American or Black, not Hispanic persons (14%), and case-fatality rates were highest for Asian or Pacific Islander, not Hispanic persons (4...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781925/follow-up-study-of-effectiveness-of-23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-against-all-type-and-serotype-specific-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-denmark
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katrine Finderup Nielsen, Lise Birk Nielsen, Tine Dalby, Frederikke Kristensen Lomholt, Hans-Christian Slotved, Kurt Fuursted, Zitta Barrella Harboe, Charlotte Sværke Jørgensen, Palle Valentiner-Branth
As a follow-up to a previous study, we investigated vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) among 1,254,498 persons >65 years of age as part of a vaccination program in Denmark during April 2020-January 2023. We assessed VE by using a Cox regression model and adjusted for age, sex, and underlying conditions. Using nationwide data, we estimated a VE of PPSV23 against all-type IPD of 32% and against PPSV23-serotype IPD of 41%...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781924/trends-in-nationally-notifiable-infectious-diseases-in-humans-and-animals-during-covid-19-pandemic-south-korea
#45
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Taehee Chang, Sung-Il Cho, Dae Sung Yoo, Kyung-Duk Min
We investigated trends in notifiable infectious diseases in both humans and animals during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea and compared those data against expected trends had nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) not been implemented. We found that human respiratory infectious diseases other than COVID-19 decreased by an average of 54.7% after NPIs were introduced. On the basis of that trend, we estimated that annual medical expenses associated with respiratory infections other than COVID-19 also decreased by 3...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781685/severe-human-parainfluenza-virus-community-and-healthcare-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-at-tertiary-hospital-seoul-south-korea-2010-2019
#46
REVIEW
Joung Ha Park, Sang-Bum Hong, Jin Won Huh, Jiwon Jung, Min Jae Kim, Yong Pil Chong, Heungsup Sung, Kyung Hyun Do, Sung-Han Kim, Sang-Oh Lee, Yang Soo Kim, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Sang-Ho Choi
The characteristics of severe human parainfluenza virus (HPIV)-associated pneumonia in adults have not been well evaluated. We investigated epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of 143 patients with severe HPIV-associated pneumonia during 2010-2019. HPIV was the most common cause (25.2%) of severe virus-associated hospital-acquired pneumonia and the third most common cause (15.7%) of severe virus-associated community-acquired pneumonia. Hematologic malignancy (35.0%), diabetes mellitus (23.8%), and structural lung disease (21...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781684/electronic-health-record-based-algorithm-for-monitoring-respiratory-virus-like-illness
#47
REVIEW
Noelle M Cocoros, Karen Eberhardt, Vu-Thuy Nguyen, Catherine M Brown, Alfred DeMaria, Lawrence C Madoff, Liisa M Randall, Michael Klompas
Viral respiratory illness surveillance has traditionally focused on single pathogens (e.g., influenza) and required fever to identify influenza-like illness (ILI). We developed an automated system applying both laboratory test and syndrome criteria to electronic health records from 3 practice groups in Massachusetts, USA, to monitor trends in respiratory viral-like illness (RAVIOLI) across multiple pathogens. We identified RAVIOLI syndrome using diagnosis codes associated with respiratory viral testing or positive respiratory viral assays or fever...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781681/deciphering-unexpected-vascular-locations-of-scedosporium-spp-and-lomentospora-prolificans-fungal-infections-france
#48
REVIEW
Carole Vignals, Joseph Emmerich, Hugues Begueret, Dea Garcia-Hermoso, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Adela Angoulvant, Damien Blez, Patrick Bruneval, Sophie Cassaing, Emilie Catherinot, Pierre Cahen, Cécile Moluçon-Chabrot, Carole Chevenet, Laurence Delhaes, Lélia Escaut, Marie Faruch, Frédéric Grenouillet, Fabrice Larosa, Lucie Limousin, Elisabeth Longchampt, François Mellot, Céline Nourrisson, Marie-Elisabeth Bougnoux, Olivier Lortholary, Antoine Roux, Laura Rozenblum, Mathilde Puges, Fanny Lanternier, Didier Bronnimann
Scedosporium spp. and Lomentospora prolificans are emerging non-Aspergillus filamentous fungi. The Scedosporiosis/lomentosporiosis Observational Study we previously conducted reported frequent fungal vascular involvement, including aortitis and peripheral arteritis. For this article, we reviewed 7 cases of Scedosporium spp. and L. prolificans arteritis from the Scedosporiosis/lomentosporiosis Observational Study and 13 cases from published literature. Underlying immunosuppression was reported in 70% (14/20) of case-patients, mainly those who had solid organ transplants (10/14)...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781680/chest-radiograph-screening-for-detecting-subclinical-tuberculosis-in-asymptomatic-household-contacts-peru
#49
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qi Tan, Chuan-Chin Huang, Mercedes C Becerra, Roger Calderon, Carmen Contreras, Leonid Lecca, Judith Jimenez, Rosa Yataco, Jerome T Galea, Jia-Yih Feng, Sheng-Wei Pan, Yen-Han Tseng, Jhong-Ru Huang, Zibiao Zhang, Megan B Murray
The World Health Organization's end TB strategy promotes the use of symptom and chest radiograph screening for tuberculosis (TB) disease. However, asymptomatic early states of TB beyond latent TB infection and active disease can go unrecognized using current screening criteria. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study enrolling household contacts initially free of TB disease and followed them for the occurrence of incident TB over 1 year. Among 1,747 screened contacts, 27 (52%) of the 52 persons in whom TB subsequently developed during follow-up had a baseline abnormal radiograph...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781679/decolonization-and-pathogen-reduction-approaches-to-prevent-antimicrobial-resistance-and-healthcare-associated-infections
#50
REVIEW
Mihnea R Mangalea, Alison Laufer Halpin, Melia Haile, Christopher A Elkins, L Clifford McDonald
Antimicrobial resistance in healthcare-associated bacterial pathogens and the infections they cause are major public health threats affecting nearly all healthcare facilities. Antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections can occur when colonizing pathogenic bacteria that normally make up a small fraction of the human microbiota increase in number in response to clinical perturbations. Such infections are especially likely when pathogens are resistant to the collateral effects of antimicrobial agents that disrupt the human microbiome, resulting in loss of colonization resistance, a key host defense...
June 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666748/sporotrichosis-cluster-in-domestic-cats-and-veterinary-technician-kansas-usa-2022
#51
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ian Hennessee, Erin Barber, Erin Petro, Stephanie Lindemann, Bryan Buss, Amanda Santos, Lalitha Gade, Shawn R Lockhart, D Joseph Sexton, Tom Chiller, Mitsuru Toda
We describe a feline sporotrichosis cluster and zoonotic transmission between one of the affected cats and a technician at a veterinary clinic in Kansas, USA. Increased awareness of sporotrichosis and the potential for zoonotic transmission could help veterinary professionals manage feline cases and take precautions to prevent human acquisition.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666742/sars-cov-2-igg-levels-as-predictors-of-xbb-variant-neutralization-israel-2022-and-2023
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yaniv Lustig, Michal Canetti, Victoria Indenbaum, Yovel Peretz, Yael Weiss-Ottolenghi, Ili Margalit, Keren Asraf, Tal Levin, Neta Zuckerman, Enosh Tomer, Michal Mandelboim, Ram Doolman, Noam Barda, Gili Regev-Yochay
Although a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron-XBB.1.5 variant is available worldwide and recent infection is protective, the lack of recorded infection data highlights the need to assess variant-specific antibody neutralization levels. We analyzed IgG levels against receptor-binding domain-specific SARS-CoV-2 ancestral strain as a correlate for high neutralizing titers against XBB variants.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666739/burkholderia-thailandensis-isolated-from-infected-wound-southwest-china-2022
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin Li, Jishan Tan, Xingyun Xiong, Qiu Zhong, Weiping Lu
We report a clinical isolate of Burkholderia thailandensis 2022DZh obtained from a patient with an infected wound in southwest China. Genomic analysis indicates that this isolate clusters with B. thailandensis BPM, a human isolate from Chongqing, China. We recommend enhancing monitoring and surveillance for B. thailandensis infection in both humans and livestock.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666735/detection-of-influenza-d-antibodies-in-dogs-apulia-region-italy-2016-and-2023
#54
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claudia Maria Trombetta, Serena Marchi, Maria Giovanna Marotta, Ana Moreno, Chiara Chiapponi, Emanuele Montomoli, Gianvito Lanave, Michele Camero, Vito Martella
Dogs are known to be susceptible to influenza A viruses, although information on influenza D virus (IDV) is limited. We investigated the seroprevalence of IDV in 426 dogs in the Apulia region of Italy during 2016 and 2023. A total of 14 samples were positive for IDV antibodies, suggesting exposure to IDV in dogs.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666725/detection-of-oxa-181-carbapenemase-in-shigella-flexneri
#55
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ghulam Dhabaan, Hassan Jamal, Danielle Ouellette, Sarah Alexander, Karen Arane, Aaron Campigotto, Manal Tadros, Pierre-Philippe Piché-Renaud
We report the detection of OXA-181 carbapenemase in an azithromycin-resistant Shigella spp. bacteria in an immunocompromised patient. The emergence of OXA-181 in Shigella spp. bacteria raises concerns about the global dissemination of carbapenem resistance in Enterobacterales and its implications for the treatment of infections caused by Shigella bacteria.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666708/novel-patterns-in-high-resolution-computed-tomography-in-whipple-pneumonia
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hui Li, Jiajia Wu, Xiaojun Mai, Wan Zeng, Shuping Cai, Xiuji Huang, Chunxia Zhou, Jin Li, Qin Jiang, Chunliu Lai, Canmao Xie
With the use of metagenomic next-generation sequencing, patients diagnosed with Whipple pneumonia are being increasingly correctly diagnosed. We report a series of 3 cases in China that showed a novel pattern of movable infiltrates and upper lung micronodules. After treatment, the 3 patients recovered, and lung infiltrates resolved.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666690/deforestation-and-bovine-rabies-outbreaks-in-costa-rica-1985-2020
#57
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christie Jones, Amanda Vicente-Santos, Julie A Clennon, Thomas R Gillespie
In Latin America, rabies virus has persisted in a cycle between Desmodus rotundus vampire bats and cattle, potentially enhanced by deforestation. We modeled bovine rabies virus outbreaks in Costa Rica relative to land-use indicators and found spatial-temporal relationships among rabies virus outbreaks with deforestation as a predictor.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666687/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-ticks-collected-from-cattle-corsica-france-2023
#58
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Paloma Kiwan, Shirley Masse, Geraldine Piorkowski, Nazli Ayhan, Morena Gasparine, Laurence Vial, Remi N Charrel, Xavier de Lamballerie, Alessandra Falchi
We report the detection of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) in Corsica, France. We identified CCHFV African genotype I in ticks collected from cattle at 2 different sites in southeastern and central-western Corsica, indicating an established CCHFV circulation. Healthcare professionals and at-risk groups should be alerted to CCHFV circulation in Corsica.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666667/interventional-study-of-nonpharmaceutical-measures-to-prevent-covid-19-aboard-cruise-ships
#59
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Varvara A Mouchtouri, Leonidas Kourentis, Lemonia Anagnostopoulos, Michalis Koureas, Maria Kyritsi, Katerina Maria Kontouli, Fani Kalala, Mattheos Speletas, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
Cruise ships carrying COVID-19-vaccinated populations applied near-identical nonpharmaceutical measures during July-November 2021; passenger masking was not applied on 2 ships. Infection risk for masked passengers was 14.58 times lower than for unmasked passengers and 19.61 times lower than in the community. Unmasked passengers' risk was slightly lower than community risk.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666659/antigenic-characterization-of-novel-human-norovirus-gii-4-variants-san-francisco-2017-and-hong-kong-2019
#60
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kentaro Tohma, Michael Landivar, Lauren A Ford-Siltz, Kelsey A Pilewski, Joseph A Kendra, Sandra Niendorf, Gabriel I Parra
Norovirus is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis; GII.4 is the predominant strain in humans. Recently, 2 new GII.4 variants, Hong Kong 2019 and San Francisco 2017, were reported. Characterization using GII.4 monoclonal antibodies and serum demonstrated different antigenic profiles for the new variants compared with historical variants.
May 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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