journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579738/analysis-of-suspected-measles-cases-with-discrepant-measles-specific-igm-and-rrt-pcr-test-results-japan
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yumani Kuba, Minoru Nidaira, Noriyuki Maeshiro, Katsuhiro Komase, Hajime Kamiya, Hisako Kyan
We investigated clinically suspected measles cases that had discrepant real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) and measles-specific IgM test results to determine diagnoses. We performed rRT-PCR and measles-specific IgM testing on samples from 541 suspected measles cases. Of the 24 IgM-positive and rRT-PCR--negative cases, 20 were among children who received a measles-containing vaccine within the previous 6 months; most had low IgG relative avidity indexes (RAIs). The other 4 cases were among adults who had an unknown previous measles history, unknown vaccination status, and high RAIs...
April 5, 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573165/novel-variant-and-known-mutation-in-23s-rrna-gene-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-northern-vietnam-2023
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dinh-Dung Nguyen, Nhan Thi Ho, Lynn G Dover, Anh Hang Mai Vo, Ha Thi Thanh Ly, Phuong Mai Doan, Hang Thi Nguyen, Nguyen Thi Thao Luu, An Nhat Pham, Huyen Thi Thanh Tran
During a 2023 outbreak of Mycoplasma pneumoniae-associated community-acquired pneumonia among children in northern Vietnam, we analyzed M. pneumoniae isolated from nasopharyngeal samples. In almost half (6 of 13) of samples tested, we found known A2063G mutations (macrolide resistance) and a novel C2353T variant on the 23S rRNA gene.
April 4, 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573160/mpox-diagnosis-behavioral-risk-modification-and-vaccination-uptake-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-kingdom-2022
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dana Ogaz, Qudsia Enayat, Jack R G Brown, Dawn Phillips, Ruth Wilkie, Danielle Jayes, David Reid, Gwenda Hughes, Catherine H Mercer, John Saunders, Hamish Mohammed
During the 2022 multicountry mpox outbreak, the United Kingdom identified cases beginning in May. UK cases increased in June, peaked in July, then rapidly declined after September 2022. Public health responses included community-supported messaging and targeted mpox vaccination among eligible gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Using data from an online survey of GBMSM during November-December 2022, we examined self-reported mpox diagnoses, behavioral risk modification, and mpox vaccination offer and uptake...
April 4, 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38413243/highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-viruses-from-multispecies-outbreak-argentina-august-2023
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Agustina Rimondi, Ralph E T Vanstreels, Valeria Olivera, Agustina Donini, Martina Miqueo Lauriente, Marcela M Uhart
We report full-genome characterization of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) clade 2.3.4.4b virus from an outbreak among sea lions (August 2023) in Argentina and possible spillover to fur seals and terns. Mammalian adaptation mutations in virus isolated from marine mammals and a human in Chile were detected in mammalian and avian hosts.
February 27, 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38413242/clostridium-butyricum-bacteremia-associated-with-probiotic-use-japan
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ryuichi Minoda Sada, Hiroo Matsuo, Daisuke Motooka, Satoshi Kutsuna, Shigeto Hamaguchi, Go Yamamoto, Akiko Ueda
Clostridium butyricum, a probiotic commonly prescribed in Asia, most notably as MIYA-BM (Miyarisan Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; https://www.miyarisan.com), occasionally leads to bacteremia. The prevalence and characteristics of C. butyricum bacteremia and its bacteriologic and genetic underpinnings remain unknown. We retrospectively investigated patients admitted to Osaka University Hospital during September 2011-February 2023. Whole-genome sequencing revealed 5 (0.08%) cases of C. butyricum bacteremia among 6,576 case-patients who had blood cultures positive for any bacteria...
February 27, 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38295401/population-based-evaluation-of-vaccine-effectiveness-against-sars-cov-2-infection-severe-illness-and-death-taiwan
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cheng-Yi Lee, Hung-Wei Kuo, Yu-Lun Liu, Jen-Hsiang Chuang, Jih-Haw Chou
Taiwan provided several COVID-19 vaccine platforms: mRNA (BNT162b2, mRNA-1273), adenoviral vector-based (AZD1222), and protein subunit (MVC-COV1901). After Taiwan shifted from its zero-COVID strategy in April 2022, population-based evaluation of vaccine effectiveness (VE) became possible. We conducted an observational cohort study of 21,416,151 persons to examine VE against SARS-CoV-2 infection, moderate and severe illness, and death during March 22, 2021-September 30, 2022. After adjusting for age and sex, we found that persons who completed 3 vaccine doses (2 primary, 1 booster) or received MVC-COV1901 as the primary series had the lowest hospitalization incidence (0...
January 31, 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38407162/newly-identified-mycobacterium-africanum-lineage-10-central-africa
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christophe Guyeux, Gaetan Senelle, Adrien Le Meur, Philip Supply, Cyril Gaudin, Jody E Phelan, Taane G Clark, Leen Rigouts, Bouke de Jong, Christophe Sola, Guislaine Refrégier
Analysis of genome sequencing data from >100,000 genomes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex using TB-Annotator software revealed a previously unknown lineage, proposed name L10, in central Africa. Phylogenetic reconstruction suggests L10 could represent a missing link in the evolutionary and geographic migration histories of M. africanum.
October 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561870/medicaid-inmate-exclusion-policy-and-infectious-diseases-care-for-justice-involved-populations
#8
REVIEW
Alysse G Wurcel, Katharine London, Erika L Crable, Nicholas Cocchi, Peter J Koutoujian, Tyler N A Winkelman
The Medicaid Inmate Exclusion Policy (MIEP) prohibits using federal funds for ambulatory care services and medications (including for infectious diseases) for incarcerated persons. More than one quarter of states, including California and Massachusetts, have asked the federal government for authority to waive the MIEP. To improve health outcomes and continuation of care, those states seek to cover transitional care services provided to persons in the period before release from incarceration. The Massachusetts Sheriffs' Association, Massachusetts Department of Correction, Executive Office of Health and Human Services, and University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School have collaborated to improve infectious disease healthcare service provision before and after release from incarceration...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561865/rise-vac-co-production-of-vaccine-education-materials-with-persons-living-in-prison
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Femi Laryea-Adekimi, Jemima D'Arcy, Angela Bardelli, Aurélie Mieuset, Vlad Busmachiu, Irina Barbiros, Fadi Meroueh, Svetlana Doltu, Niall Walsh, Paula Harriott, Lara Tavoschi, Emma Plugge, Alicia Roselló
Increasing vaccination knowledge is effective in addressing hesitancy and is particularly important in populations deprived of liberty who may not routinely have access to health information, ensuring health equity. RISE-Vac is a European Union-funded project aiming to promote vaccine literacy, offer, and uptake in prisons in Europe. We consulted persons living in prisons in the United Kingdom (through the Prisoner Policy Network), France, and Moldova to determine their vaccination knowledge gaps, the information they would like to receive, and how they would like to receive it...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561855/infection-prevention-and-control-in-correctional-settings
#10
REVIEW
Newton E Kendig, Sarah Bur, Justin Zaslavsky
Correctional facilities house millions of residents in communities throughout the United States. Such congregate settings are critical for national infection prevention and control (IPC) efforts. Carceral settings can be sites where infectious diseases are detected in patient populations who may not otherwise have access to health care services, and as highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic, where outbreaks of infectious diseases may result in spread to residents, correctional staff, and the community at large...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561843/screening-for-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-in-youth-correctional-facilities-utah-usa
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cara Wolf, Jennifer Clifton, Xiaoming Sheng
We reviewed data obtained in October 2021-May 2023 from youth who reported a history of sexual activity upon admission to 1 of 12 juvenile justice facilities in Utah, USA, that offered screening for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Urinalysis revealed C. trachomatis positivity of 10.77%, N. gonorrhoeae positivity of 1.08%, and coinfection C. trachomatis N. gonorrhoeae) of 0.90%. Prevalence of infection was similar for youths in rural and urban facilities. A total of 12.01% of those identifying as male and 14...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561831/advancing-hepatitis-c-elimination-through-opt-out-universal-screening-and-treatment-in-carceral-settings-united-states
#12
REVIEW
Maeve McNamara, Nathan Furukawa, Emily J Cartwright
Incarcerated persons are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) at rates ≈10 times higher than that of the general population in the United States. To achieve national hepatitis C elimination goals, the diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis C in incarcerated persons must be prioritized. In 2022, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that all persons receive opt-out HCV screening upon entry into a carceral setting. We review recommendations, treatments, and policy strategies used to promote HCV opt-out universal HCV screening and treatment in incarcerated populations in the United States...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561818/hiv-care-continuum-and-preexposure-prophylaxis-program-in-federal-bureau-of-prisons-united-states
#13
REVIEW
Xiao Hong Huang, Elizabeth Thompson, Tami Rodriguez
In 2019, the US Department of Health and Human Services launched the Ending the HIV Epidemic in the US initiative (EHE) with the goal of reducing new HIV infections by 90% by 2030. This initiative identifies 4 pillars (diagnose, treat, prevent, and respond) to address the HIV epidemic in the United States. To advance the EHE goals, the Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBOP) has implemented interventions at all points of the HIV care continuum. The FBOP has addressed the EHE pillar of prevention through implementing preexposure prophylaxis, developing a strategy to decrease the risk of new HIV infection, and providing guidance to FBOP healthcare providers...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561803/hiv-risk-and-interest-in-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-justice-involved-persons
#14
REVIEW
Ank E Nijhawan, Zoe Pulitzer, Brynn Torres, Natalie Noreen, Alysse Schultheis, Cynthia Frank, Richard Colon, Ralph Brooks, Randi Proffitt, Jennifer Pankow, Ahrein Bennett, Maverick Salyards, Irene Kuo, Kevin Knight, Sandra A Springer
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is underused in persons who use drugs and justice-involved persons. In an ongoing randomized controlled trial in 4 US locations comparing patient navigation versus mobile health unit on time to initiation of HIV medication or PrEP for justice-involved persons who use stimulants or opioids and who are at risk for or living with HIV, we assessed HIV risk factors, perceived HIV risk, and interest in PrEP. Participants without HIV (n = 195) were 77% men, 65% White, 23% Black, and 26% Hispanic; 73% reported a recent history of condomless sex, mainly with partners of unknown HIV status...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561645/health-belief-model-to-assess-mpox-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-residents-and-staff-cook-county-jail-illinois-usa-july-august-2022
#15
REVIEW
Rashida Hassan, Ashley A Meehan, Sarah Hughes, Amy Beeson, Hillary Spencer, Jourdan Howard, Lauren Tietje, Morgan Richardson, Anne Schultz, Chad Zawitz, Isaac Ghinai, Liesl M Hagan
In summer 2022, a case of mpox was confirmed in a resident at the Cook County Jail (CCJ) in Chicago, Illinois, USA. We conducted in-depth interviews with CCJ residents and staff to assess mpox knowledge, attitudes, and practices; hygiene and cleaning practices; and risk behaviors. We characterized findings by using health belief model constructs. CCJ residents and staff perceived increased mpox susceptibility but were unsure about infection severity; they were motivated to protect themselves but reported limited mpox knowledge as a barrier and desired clear communication to inform preventive actions...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561642/candida-auris-in-us-correctional-facilities
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ian Hennessee, Kaitlin Forsberg, Jalysa Erskine, Argentina Charles, Barbara Russell, Juliana Reyes, Chantel Emery, Nickolas Valencia, Adrienne Sherman, Jason Mehr, Hannah Gallion, Brandon Halleck, Caleb Cox, Marcie Bryant, Deborah Nichols, Magdalena Medrzycki, D Cal Ham, Liesl M Hagan, Meghan Lyman
Candida auris is an emerging fungal pathogen that typically affects patients in healthcare settings. Data on C. auris cases in correctional facilities are limited but are needed to guide public health recommendations. We describe cases and challenges of providing care for 13 patients who were transferred to correctional facilities during January 2020-December 2022 after having a positive C. auris specimen. All patients had positive specimens identified while receiving inpatient care at healthcare facilities in geographic areas with high C...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561640/development-and-evaluation-of-surveillance-system-for-identifying-jail-associated-covid-19-cases-in-minnesota-usa-2022
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leah J Porter, Erica Rapheal, Rebecca Huebsch, Tiana Bastian, Trisha J Robinson, Hanna Chakoian, Karen G Martin, Jennifer Zipprich
Confinement facilities are high-risk settings for the spread of infectious disease, necessitating timely surveillance to inform public health action. To identify jail-associated COVID-19 cases from electronic laboratory reports maintained in the Minnesota Electronic Disease Surveillance System (MEDSS), Minnesota, USA, the Minnesota Department of Health developed a surveillance system that used keyword and address matching (KAM). The KAM system used a SAS program (SAS Institute Inc., https://www.sas.com) and an automated program within MEDSS to identify confinement keywords and addresses...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561639/outbreak-of-invasive-serratia-marcescens-among-persons-incarcerated-in-a-state-prison-california-usa-march-2020-december-2022
#18
REVIEW
Amanda Kamali, Donna Ferguson, Heather Dowless, Nancy Ortiz, Rituparna Mukhopadhyay, Cassandra Schember, Rawni Lunsford, Justine Hutchinson, Marlena Scherer, John Crandall, Heidi Bauer, Alexander Yu, Akiko Kimura
Serratia marcescens is an environmental gram-negative bacterium that causes invasive disease in rare cases. During 2020-2022, an outbreak of 21 invasive Serratia infections occurred in a prison in California, USA. Most (95%) patients had a history of recent injection drug use (IDU). We performed whole-genome sequencing and found isolates from 8 patients and 2 pieces of IDU equipment were closely related. We also identified social interactions among patients. We recovered S. marcescens from multiple environmental samples throughout the prison, including personal containers storing Cell Block 64 (CB64), a quaternary ammonium disinfectant solution...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561638/correlation-of-sars-cov-2-in-wastewater-and-individual-testing-results-in-a-jail-atlanta-georgia-usa
#19
REVIEW
Lindsay B Saber, Shanika S Kennedy, Yixin Yang, Kyler N Moore, Yuke Wang, Stephen P Hilton, Tylis Y Chang, Pengbo Liu, Victoria L Phillips, Matthew J Akiyama, Christine L Moe, Anne C Spaulding
Institution-level wastewater-based surveillance was implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, including in carceral facilities. We examined the relationship between COVID-19 diagnostic test results of residents in a jail in Atlanta, Georgia, USA (average population ≈2,700), and quantitative reverse transcription PCR signal for SARS-CoV-2 in weekly wastewater samples collected during October 2021‒May 2022. The jail offered residents rapid antigen testing at entry and periodic mass screenings by reverse transcription PCR of self-collected nasal swab specimens...
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38561635/carceral-health-is-public-health
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Liesl M Hagan, Emily Mosites, Laura Hughes-Baker, Jay Butler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2024: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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