Emerging Infectious Diseases

Abrar A Chughtai, Holly Seale, C Raina Macintyre
Cloth masks have been used in healthcare and community settings to protect the wearer from respiratory infections. The use of cloth masks during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is under debate. The filtration effectiveness of cloth masks is generally lower than that of medical masks and respirators; however, cloth masks may provide some protection if well designed and used correctly. Multilayer cloth masks, designed to fit around the face and made of water-resistant fabric with a high number of threads and finer weave, may provide reasonable protection...
July 8, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Julie A Panepinto, Amanda Brandow, Lana Mucalo, Fouza Yusuf, Ashima Singh, Bradley Taylor, Katherine Woods, Amanda B Payne, Georgina Peacock, Laura Schieve
Sickle cell disease (SCD) disproportionately affects Black or African American persons in the United States and can cause multisystem organ damage and reduced lifespan. Among 178 persons with SCD in the United States who were reported to an SCD-coronavirus disease case registry, 122 (69%) were hospitalized and 13 (7%) died.
July 8, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Cho Ryok Kang, Jin Yong Lee, Yoojin Park, In Sil Huh, Hyon Jeen Ham, Jin Kyeong Han, Jung Il Kim, Baeg Ju Na
At least 246 cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been linked to nightclubs in Seoul, South Korea. During the April 30-May 5 holiday, young adults from across the country who visited nightclubs in Seoul contracted COVID-19 and spread it nationally. Nightclubs were temporarily closed to limit COVID-19 spread.
July 7, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Alexandre J Vivanti, Jérémie Mattern, Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Jacques Jani, Luc Rigonnot, Larissa El Hachem, Agnès Le Gouez, Céline Desconclois, Imane Ben M'Barek, Jeanne Sibiude, Alexandra Benachi, Olivier Picone, Anne-Gaël Cordier
Little data are available on the management of pregnant women infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We conducted a retrospective study of 100 pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection in 4 obstetric units in the Paris metropolitan area of France during March 12-April 13, 2020. Among patients, 52 (52%) were hospitalized, 10 (10%) in intensive care units (ICUs). Women with higher body mass indexes (BMIs; median 30.7 kg/m2 ) were more likely to be hospitalized in ICUs than other women (median BMI 26...
July 6, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Saraswathi Lakkasani, Kok Hoe Chan, Hamid S Shaaban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Benjamin D Hallowell, Christina M Carlson, Jesica R Jacobs, Mary Pomeroy, Jonathan Steinberg, Mark Tenforde, Emily McDonald, Loretta Foster, Leora R Feldstein, Melissa A Rolfes, Amber Haynes, Glen R Abedi, George S Odongo, Kim Saruwatari, Errin C Rider, Gina Douville, Neenaben Bhakta, Panagiotis Maniatis, Stephen Lindstrom, Natalie J Thornburg, Xiaoyan Lu, Brett L Whitaker, Shifaq Kamili, Senthilkumar K Sakthivel, Lijuan Wang, Lakshmi Malapati, Janna R Murray, Brian Lynch, Martin Cetron, Clive Brown, Shahrokh Roohi, Lisa Rotz, Denise Borntrager, Kenta Ishii, Kathleen Moser, Mohammad Rasheed, Brandi Freeman, Sandra Lester, Kizzmekia S Corbett, Olubukola M Abiona, Geoffrey B Hutchinson, Barney S Graham, Nicki Pesik, Barbara Mahon, Christopher Braden, Casey Barton Behravesh, Rebekah Stewart, Nancy Knight, Aron J Hall, Marie E Killerby
To determine prevalence of, seroprevalence of, and potential exposure to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among a cohort of evacuees returning to the United States from Wuhan, China, in January 2020, we conducted a cross-sectional study of quarantined evacuees from 1 repatriation flight. Overall, 193 of 195 evacuees completed exposure surveys and submitted upper respiratory or serum specimens or both at arrival in the United States. Nearly all evacuees had taken preventive measures to limit potential exposure while in Wuhan, and none had detectable SARS-CoV-2 in upper respiratory tract specimens, suggesting the absence of asymptomatic respiratory shedding among this group at the time of testing...
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Mary L Adams, David L Katz, Joseph Grandpre
We updated estimates of adults at risk for coronavirus disease complications on the basis of data for China by using recent US hospitalization data. This update to our previous publication substitutes obesity for cancer as an underlying condition and increases adults reporting any of the conditions from 45.4% to 56.0%.
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Jinzhi Gao, Wei Li, Xiaolin Hu, Ying Wei, Jianli Wu, Xiaoping Luo, Suhua Chen, Ling Chen
We report the detection and decline over time of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 antibodies in infants born to women with coronavirus disease. Among 11 infants tested at birth, all had detectable IgG and 5 had detectable IgM. IgG titers with positive IgM declined more slowly than those without.
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Eyal Leshem, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Israel's response during the containment phase of the COVID-19 outbreak in early 2020 led to a delay in sustained community transmission and effective mitigation. During February-April 2020, a total of 15,981 confirmed cases resulted in 223 deaths. A total of 179,003 persons reported electronically to self-quarantine and were entitled to paid sick leave.
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Catherine A Hogan, Natasha Garamani, Malaya K Sahoo, ChunHong Huang, James Zehnder, Benjamin A Pinsky
To investigate the possibility of earlier cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection than previously recognized, we retrospectively tested pooled samples from 1,700 persons with respiratory signs/symptoms seen at Stanford Health Care, Palo Alto, California, USA, during the last 2 months of 2019. We found no evidence of earlier infection.
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Adriana Miu, Hui Cao, Bohan Zhang, Huaiyu Zhang
Public mental health response to coronavirus disease is essential. After reviewing systemic and local efforts in China, we found efficient coordination and human resources. We recommend better symptom assessment, monitoring of organizations, and basic needs protection. This recommendation can inform how other countries can overcome mental health challenges during this pandemic.
July 3, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Matt Feaster, Ying-Ying Goh
Our analysis of coronavirus disease prevalence in 9 long-term care facilities demonstrated a high proportion (40.7%) of asymptomatic infections among residents and staff members. Infection control measures in congregate settings should include mass testing-based strategies in concert with symptom screening for greater effectiveness in preventing the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.
July 2, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Daniel Lule Bugembe, John Kayiwa, My V T Phan, Phiona Tushabe, Stephen Balinandi, Beatrice Dhaala, Jonas Lexow, Henry Mwebesa, Jane Aceng, Henry Kyobe, Deogratius Ssemwanga, Julius Lutwama, Pontiano Kaleebu, Matthew Cotten
We established rapid local viral sequencing to document the genomic diversity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 entering Uganda. Virus lineages closely followed the travel origins of infected persons. Our sequence data provide an important baseline for tracking any further transmission of the virus throughout the country and region.
July 2, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Kok Hoe Chan, Jihad Slim, Hamid S Shaaban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Kok Hoe Chan, Jihad Slim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Clinton R Paden, Ying Tao, Krista Queen, Jing Zhang, Yan Li, Anna Uehara, Suxiang Tong
We describe validated protocols for generating high-quality, full-length severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 genomes from primary samples. One protocol uses multiplex reverse transcription PCR, followed by MinION or MiSeq sequencing; the other uses singleplex, nested reverse transcription PCR and Sanger sequencing. These protocols enable sensitive virus sequencing in different laboratory environments.
July 1, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Kazuhiko Ikeuchi, Makoto Saito, Shinya Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Nagai, Eisuke Adachi
Coronavirus disease is reported to affect the cardiovascular system. We showed that relative bradycardia was a common characteristic for 54 patients with PCR-confirmed mild-to-moderate coronavirus disease in Japan. This clinical sign could help clinicians to diagnose this disease.
July 1, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
François Bénézit, Audrey Le Bot, Stéphane Jouneau, Florian Lemaître, Charlotte Pronier, Pierre-Axel Lentz, Solène Patrat-Delon, Matthieu Revest, Vincent Thibault, Pierre Tattevin
Because of in vitro studies, hydroxychloroquine is under evaluation as a preexposure or postexposure prophylaxis for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and as a possible COVID-19 curative treatment. We report a case of COVID-19 in a patient with sarcoidosis who was receiving long-term hydroxychloroquine treatment, despite adequate plasma concentrations.
July 1, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Jingtao Liu, Jiaquan Huang, Dandan Xiang
An asymptomatic person infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 returned to Heilongjiang Province, China, after international travel. The traveler's neighbor became infected and generated a cluster of >71 cases, including cases in 2 hospitals. Genome sequences of the virus were distinct from viral genomes previously circulating in China.
June 30, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Arnaud G L'Huillier, Giulia Torriani, Fiona Pigny, Laurent Kaiser, Isabella Eckerle
Children do not seem to drive transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We isolated culture-competent virus in vitro from 12 (52%) of 23 SARS-CoV-2-infected children; the youngest was 7 days old. Our findings show that symptomatic neonates, children, and teenagers shed infectious SARS-CoV-2, suggesting that transmission from them is plausible.
June 30, 2020: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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