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Journals American Journal of Gastroente...

American Journal of Gastroenterology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/34028368/endoscopic-mucosal-resection-with-double-band-ligation-for-small-rectal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#21
Long He, Wu Wen, Liansong Ye, Ke Liao, Bing Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34028366/response-to-nassani-and-el-khoury
#22
Sean Bhalla, Allison R Schulman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34028365/response-to-lai
#23
Qiao-Li Wang, Jesper Lagergren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34028364/how-we-did-it-virtual-interviews-with-an-eye-toward-the-future
#24
Amrit K Kamboj, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Douglas A Simonetto, Laura E Raffals
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34003176/acg-clinical-guidelines-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-clostridioides-difficile-infections
#25
Colleen R Kelly, Monika Fischer, Jessica R Allegretti, Kerry LaPlante, David B Stewart, Berkeley N Limketkai, Millie D Long, Neil H Stollman
Clostridioides difficile infection occurs when the bacterium produces toxin that causes diarrhea and inflammation of the colon. These guidelines indicate the preferred approach to the management of adults with C. difficile infection and represent the official practice recommendations of the American College of Gastroenterology. The scientific evidence for these guidelines was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation process. In instances where the evidence was not appropriate for Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation but there was consensus of significant clinical merit, key concept statements were developed using expert consensus...
May 18, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34003175/abdominal-pain-and-depression-not-bowel-habits-predict-health-care-utilization-in-patients-with-functional-bowel-disorders
#26
Vanessa Yu, Sarah Ballou, Rifu Hassan, Prashant Singh, Eric Shah, Vikram Rangan, Johanna Iturrino, Judy Nee, Anthony Lembo
INTRODUCTION: Patients with disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBIs) are high users of health care. Past studies exploring predictors of utilization have lacked patient-level clinical data. The aim of the current study is to identify demographic, clinical, and psychological predictors of health care utilization in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), and functional diarrhea (FDr). METHODS: Consecutive new patients diagnosed with IBS, FC, and FDr (using Rome IV criteria) completed questionnaires assessing health care utilization as well as clinical and psychological symptoms...
May 18, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34003174/anchoring-method-to-prevent-migration-of-a-covered-self-expanding-metal-stent-placed-for-esophageal-perforation
#27
Takahiro Inoue, Takashi Kanesaka, Sachiko Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Tani, Tomoki Michida, Ryu Ishihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33993134/cholangiopathy-after-severe-covid-19-clinical-features-and-prognostic-implications
#28
Saamia Faruqui, Fidelis C Okoli, Sonja K Olsen, David M Feldman, Harmit S Kalia, James S Park, Carmen M Stanca, Viviana Figueroa Diaz, Sarah Yuan, Nabil N Dagher, Suparna A Sarkar, Neil D Theise, Sooah Kim, Krishna Shanbhogue, Ira M Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 virus, is a predominantly respiratory tract infection with the capacity to affect multiple organ systems. Abnormal liver tests, mainly transaminase elevations, have been reported in hospitalized patients. We describe a syndrome of cholangiopathy in patients recovering from severe COVID-19 characterized by marked elevation in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) accompanied by evidence of bile duct injury on imaging...
May 17, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33993133/antispasmodics-for-chronic-abdominal-pain-analysis-of-north-american-treatment-options
#29
Darren M Brenner, Brian E Lacy
Chronic abdominal pain is a common gastrointestinal (GI) symptom that characterizes many functional GI disorders/disorders of gut-brain interaction, including irritable bowel syndrome, functional dyspepsia, and centrally mediated abdominal pain syndrome. The symptoms of abdominal pain in these highly prevalent disorders are often treated with antispasmodic agents. Antispasmodic treatment includes a broad range of therapeutic classes with different mechanisms of action, including anticholinergic/antimuscarinic agents (inhibition of GI smooth muscle contraction), calcium channel inhibitors (inhibition of calcium transport into GI smooth muscle), and direct smooth muscle relaxants (inhibition of sodium and calcium transport)...
May 17, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34003177/real-time-3d-imaging-of-post-transplant-biliary-stricture-a-novel-application-of-existing-technology
#30
Calvin Jianyi Koh, Chieh Sian Koo, Bhavesh Kishor Doshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33989225/ursodeoxycholic-acid-response-is-associated-with-reduced-mortality-in-primary-biliary-cholangitis-with-compensated-cirrhosis
#31
Binu V John, Nidah S Khakoo, Kaley B Schwartz, Gabriella Aitchenson, Cynthia Levy, Bassam Dahman, Yangyang Deng, David S Goldberg, Paul Martin, David E Kaplan, Tamar H Taddei
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cirrhosis and men have been under-represented in most studies examining the clinical benefit of response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). The aim of this study was to study the association of UDCA response and liver-related death or transplantation, hepatic decompensation, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with PBC cirrhosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of veterans, predominantly men, with PBC and compensated cirrhosis to assess the association of UDCA response with the development of all-cause and liver-related mortality or transplantation, hepatic decompensation, and HCC using competing risk time-updating Cox proportional hazards models...
May 13, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33989224/potent-acid-suppression-with-vonoprazan-vs-proton-pump-inhibitors-does-not-have-higher-association-with-clostridioides-difficile-infection
#32
Kenta Watanabe, Yosuke Shimodaira, So Takahashi, Sho Fukuda, Shigeto Koizumi, Tamotsu Matsuhashi, Katsunori Iijima
INTRODUCTION: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are associated with the onset of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). Although a new potassium-competitive acid blocker, vonoprazan, consistently shows a more potent acid inhibitory effect in comparison to PPIs, the risk of CDI in vonoprazan-treated patients relative to those treated with PPIs is unknown. In this retrospective case-control study, using a nationwide hospital-based administrative database in Japan, we investigated the association of the onset of CDI in patients treated with vonoprazan...
May 13, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33989223/future-endoscopy-related-injuries-will-be-of-different-types-and-gender-equal
#33
Wojciech Marlicz, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, George Koulaouzidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33973898/probiotics-to-use-or-not-to-use-that-is-the-question
#34
Max Schmulson
This Editorial analyzes the paper by Schnadower et al on the secondary analysis of 2 randomized placebo-controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, and a combination of L. rhamnosus R0011 and L. helveticus R0052, showing that moderate-to-severe gastroenteritis symptoms as primary endpoint, did not differ between probiotics or placebo. The data is important because probiotics are commonly used and prescribed in clinical practice, many times without strong evidence and producing a high economic burden...
May 10, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33958517/greenspace-in-childhood-a-new-avenue-to-prevent-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#35
Niels Teich, Andreas Stallmach, Tony Bruns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33941748/esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-time-to-predict-the-risk
#36
Rui-Ping Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33941747/nutrient-drinking-test-as-biomarker-in-functional-dyspepsia
#37
Emidio Scarpellini, Karen Van den Houte, Jolien Schol, I-Hsuan Huang, Ester Colomier, Florencia Carbone, Jan Tack
INTRODUCTION: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a prevalent condition with multifactorial pathophysiology, including impaired gastric accommodation (GA), hypersensitivity to gastric distention, and delayed gastric emptying. Drink tests (DT) have been proposed as a potential biomarker for the presence and severity of gastric sensorimotor dysfunction. Thus, we aimed to summarize the state of knowledge on different DT and their potential as a biomarker for FD. METHODS: A PubMed and MEDLINE search was conducted for English language articles, reviews, meta-analyses, case series, and randomized controlled trials, including also published meeting abstracts...
May 4, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33941746/a-comparison-of-prognostic-scores-mayo-uk-pbc-and-globe-in-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#38
Jorn C Goet, Carla F Murillo Perez, Maren H Harms, Annarosa Floreani, Nora Cazzagon, Tony Bruns, Florian Prechter, George N Dalekos, Xavier Verhelst, Nikolaos K Gatselis, Keith D Lindor, Willem J Lammers, Aliya Gulamhusein, Anna Reig, Marco Carbone, Frederik Nevens, Gideon M Hirschfield, Adriaan J van der Meer, Henk R van Buuren, Bettina E Hansen, Albert Parés
INTRODUCTION: Comparative data on scores that predict outcome in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) are scarce. We aimed to assess and compare the prognostic value of the Mayo Risk Score (MRS, 1989 and 1994), UK-PBC score, and GLOBE score in a large international cohort of patients with PBC. METHODS: Ursodeoxycholic acid-treated patients from 7 centers participating in the GLOBAL PBC Study Group were included. The discriminatory performance of the scores was assessed with concordance statistics at yearly intervals up to 5 years...
May 4, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33927128/response-to-sharma-and-saraya
#39
Giulia Tosetti, Massimo Primignani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33927127/esophageal-mucosa-innervation-in-children-with-nonerosive-reflux-disease
#40
Kornilia Nikaki, Chung Lee, Ahsen Ustaoglu, Annalisa Alessandrella, Annamaria Staiano, Philip Woodland, Daniel Sifrim
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal mucosa innervation in adults with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) is more superficial compared with healthy volunteers. We delineated the esophageal mucosal innervation in pediatric NERD and controls. METHODS: Distal and proximal pediatric esophageal biopsies were immunohistochemically stained with calcitonin gene-related peptide and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1. RESULTS: Mucosal innervation was assessed in 18 controls (9M:9F, median age: 9 years) and 11 NERD patients (6M:5F, median age: 5 years)...
April 29, 2021: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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