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Journals American Journal of Gastroente...

American Journal of Gastroenterology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/33181521/screening-for-colorectal-cancer-a-german-perspective
#1
Tobias Niedermaier, Yesilda Balavarca, Hermann Brenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33181520/does-size-really-matter
#2
Nayantara Coelho-Prabhu, Sunanda Kane
Ileocolonoscopy remains the mainstay of objective disease assessment in Crohn's Disease, and various validated indices are used to grade severity of the disease. The most commonly used indices are the Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (including the size of ulcers) and the Crohn's Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity (including the depth of ulcers). These measurements are highly subjective, especially the depth of an ulcer, and are based solely on the discretion of the endoscopist coupled with the imaging capabilities of the colonoscope and adequacy of the bowel prep...
November 12, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177349/location-but-not-severity-of-endoscopic-lesions-influences-endoscopic-remission-rates-in-crohn-s-disease-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-tailorix
#3
Pauline Rivière, Geert DʼHaens, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Filip Baert, Guy Lambrecht, Benjamin Pariente, Peter Bossuyt, Anthony Buisson, Bas Oldenburg, Séverine Vermeire, David Laharie
INTRODUCTION: The impact of severity and location of Crohn's disease (CD) endoscopic ulcers on endoscopic remission in patients treated with antitumor necrosis factor is poorly known. We aimed to describe the endoscopic evolution of CD lesions in a prospective cohort of patients treated with infliximab (IFX) in combo therapy. METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of the TAILORIX randomized controlled trial, which studied biologic-naïve patients with active CD and endoscopic ulcers receiving IFX combo therapy...
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177348/nonvitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-reduced-the-risk-of-liver-injury-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients
#4
Rongqiang Liu, Linsen Ye, Yi Shao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177347/parechovirus-infection-in-early-childhood-and-association-with-subsequent-celiac-disease
#5
German Tapia, Kateřina Chudá, Christian R Kahrs, Lars C Stene, Lenka Kramna, Karl Mårild, Trond Rasmussen, Kjersti S Rønningen, Ondřej Cinek, Ketil Størdal
INTRODUCTION: To test whether parechovirus and anellovirus, frequent enteric viruses, were associated with subsequent celiac disease (CD). We hypothesized that children who later developed CD would have increased frequency of parechovirus infections before transglutaminase 2 (TG2) antibody development. Anellovirus testing was exploratory, as a potential marker of immune status. METHODS: Matched case-control design nested within a longitudinal birth cohort (the MIDIA study) of children at genetic risk of CD (carrying the human leukocyte antigen genotype DR4-DQ8/DR3-DQ2, recruited throughout Norway during 2001-2007)...
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177346/efficacy-of-ondansetron-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea
#6
Christopher J Black, Alexander C Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177345/sarcopenia-does-not-worsen-outcomes-in-patients-with-refractory-ascites-under-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-placement-preliminary-evidence
#7
Abhinav Anand, Sanchit Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177344/inferior-mesenteric-arteriovenous-malformation-masquerading-as-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Himesh B Zaver, Hassan Ghoz, Antoine Azar, Lauren F Alexander, Beau Toskich, Mark A Edgar, Murli Krishna, Dorin T Colibaseanu, Bhaumik Brahmbhatt, Francis A Farraye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177343/enhanced-suction-during-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#9
Zain A Sobani, Swathi Paleti, Taylor Malesich, Tarun Rustagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33177342/reply-to-morton
#10
Joseph J Alukal, Paul J Thuluvath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33165006/a-safety-and-efficacy-comparison-of-a-new-sulfate-based-tablet-bowel-preparation-versus-a-peg-and-ascorbate-comparator-in-adult-subjects-undergoing-colonoscopy
#11
Jack A Di Palma, Raj Bhandari, Mark vB Cleveland, Daniel S Mishkin, Jessica Tesoriero, Sue Hall, John McGowan
INTRODUCTION: A new tablet-based bowel prep for colonoscopy has been developed containing poorly absorbed sulfate salts which act to retain water within the intestinal lumen resulting in a copious diarrhea, thereby cleansing the bowel. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of these oral sulfate tablets (OST) compared with a US FDA-approved bowel prep solution containing PEG3350, electrolytes, and ascorbate (polyethylene glycol and ascorbate [PEG-EA]). METHODS: Five hundred fifteen adult patients (mean 57y) were enrolled in this single-blind, multicenter, noninferiority study...
November 6, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33156012/circulating-sex-hormones-are-associated-with-gastric-and-colorectal-cancers-but-not-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-in-the-uk-biobank
#12
Úna C McMenamin, Peipei Liu, Andrew T Kunzmann, Michael B Cook, Helen G Coleman, Brian T Johnston, Marie M Cantwell, Chris R Cardwell
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal cancers show an unexplained male predominance, but few prospective studies have investigated sex hormones and gastrointestinal cancer risk. This study aimed to determine the impact of circulating sex hormones on risk of esophageal, gastric, and colorectal cancers in men and women. METHODS: We included 219,425 men and 147,180 women from the UK Biobank. Sex hormones were quantified using chemiluminescent immunoassay. Gastrointestinal cancers were identified from cancer registry linkages...
November 4, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33156011/impact-of-body-weight-gain-on-the-incidence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-nonobese-japanese-individuals
#13
Gen Yamada, Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Takeshi Kimura, Yoshinori Takeuchi, Koji Oba, Katsunori Masuda, Yutaka Matsuyama
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the effect of recent short-term weight gain on the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in nonobese (body mass index < 25 kg/m) participants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included nonobese individuals who participated in an annual health checkup between 2008 and 2018 in Tokyo, Japan. We estimated the multivariable adjusted hazard ratio for the development of NAFLD diagnosed via ultrasound after a 3-kg unit gain in weight measured at a 2-year landmark time point postbaseline...
November 4, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33156010/cumulative-effect-of-psychological-alterations-on-gastrointestinal-symptom-severity-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#14
Irina Midenfjord, Adam Borg, Hans Törnblom, Magnus Simrén
INTRODUCTION: Psychological alterations are common and considered important for symptom generation in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the possible cumulative effect of having multiple psychological alterations on gastrointestinal (GI) symptom severity in IBS is largely unknown. METHODS: Patients with IBS (Rome IV) completed validated questionnaires assessing GI symptoms (Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale, IBS version and IBS Severity Scoring System), personality traits (Big Five), posttraumatic stress and psychological alterations, anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire, 9-item version), fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory), pain catastrophizing, somatization (Patient Health Questionnaire, 12-item version), stress (Perceived Stress Scale), and GI-specific anxiety (Visceral Sensitivity Index)...
November 4, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33136559/endoscopic-recognition-and-management-strategies-for-malignant-colorectal-polyps-recommendations-of-the-us-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#15
Aasma Shaukat, Tonya Kaltenbach, Jason A Dominitz, Douglas J Robertson, Joseph C Anderson, Michael Cruise, Carol A Burke, Samir Gupta, David Lieberman, Sapna Syngal, Douglas K Rex
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33149003/direct-endoscopic-necrosectomy-with-and-without-hydrogen-peroxide-for-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-a-multicenter-comparative-study
#16
Ahmed A Messallam, Douglas G Adler, Raj J Shah, Jose M Nieto, Robert Moran, B Joseph Elmunzer, Natalie Cosgrove, Dan Mullady, Harkirat Singh, Gregory Cote, Georgios I Papachristou, Mohamed O Othman, Chao Zhang, Huma Javaid, Michael Mercado, Steven Tsistrakis, Nikhil A Kumta, Satish Nagula, Christopher J Dimaio, Madeleine S Birch, Linda Jo Taylor, Nicolas Labarre, Samuel Han, Thomas Hollander, Steven A Keilin, Qiang Cai, Field F Willingham
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic necrosectomy has emerged as the preferred treatment modality for walled-off pancreatic necrosis. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of direct endoscopic necrosectomy with and without hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) lavage. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews were performed for all patients undergoing endoscopic transmural management of walled-off pancreatic necrosis at 9 major medical centers from November 2011 to August 2018...
November 3, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33149002/prion-gene-prnp-y162x-truncation-mutation-can-induce-a-refractory-esophageal-achalasia
#17
Kosuke Matsuzono, Younhee Kim, Hiroyuki Honda, Yuhei Anan, Masato Tsunoda, Yusuke Amano, Noriyoshi Fukusima, Toru Iwaki, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Shigeru Fujimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33149001/the-answer-to-when-to-clip-after-colorectal-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-based-on-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#18
Eduardo Albéniz, Mónica Enguita-Germán, Antonio Zebenzuy Gimeno-García, Alberto Herreros de Tejada, Oscar Nogales, Jorge C Espinós, Joaquín Rodríguez Sánchez, Pedro Rosón, Carlos Guarner, José Carlos Marín, Pradeep Bhandari, Marco Spadaccini, Alessandro Repici, Cesare Hassan, Marco Antonio Álvarez-González, Berta Ibáñez Beroiz
INTRODUCTION: Delayed bleeding (DB) is the most common major complication of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). Two randomized clinical trials recently demonstrated that clip closure after EMR of large nonpedunculated colorectal polyps (LNPCPs) reduces the risk of DB. We analyzed the cost-effectiveness of this prophylactic measure. METHODS: EMRs of LNCPCPs were consecutively registered in the ongoing prospective multicenter database of the Spanish EMR Group from May 2013 until July 2017...
November 3, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33136573/online-video-clinic-satisfies-the-medical-requirements-of-patients-with-ibd-during-the-covid-19-outbreak
#19
Jian Tang, Zicheng Huang, Huili Guo, Ni Ding, Xiang Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33136572/ectopic-thyroid-tissue-in-duodenum-a-rare-case-in-a-young-woman
#20
Yen-Tze Liu, Ko-Chin Chen, Mu-Kuan Chen, Chia-Wei Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2020: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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