Family Medicine

Christina W Chiang, Jenna B Greenberg, Caroline R Richardson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Morbidity and mortality conference (MMC) is educationally important. However, resident physicians rate it less positively than faculty, citing focus on assigning blame rather than targeting change. Additionally, many MMC presentations are selected for clinical novelty instead of avoidable outcome. Despite significant time and resources routinely committed to MMC, its educational and clinical impact is generally limited. This warrants shifting focus toward quality improvement and systems-based care...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Tomoko Sairenji, Sarah E Stumbar, Nana Aisha Garba, Prasad Bhoite, Maria Syl de la Cruz, Chivon Stubbs, John Emerson, Dolapo Babalola, David Kelley, Kelly M Everard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the subinternship (sub-I) is considered integral in many medical schools' curricula, family medicine does not have standardized course recommendations. Given the variable nature of this clinical experience, this study investigated the potential role of a standardized sub-I curriculum in family medicine. METHODS: Questions about sub-Is were created and data were gathered and analyzed as part of the 2019 Council of Academic Family Medicine's (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine clerkship directors...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Sarah J F Bourne, Charlotte M Lee, Elizabeth Taliaferro, Angela Y Zhang, Natasha F Dalomb, Constance Panton, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physician discomfort, embarrassment, and perceived lack of time and/or training all play a role in preventing physicians from discussing sexual health with patients. Past research shows this discomfort begins in medical school. We aimed to determine whether teaching sexual health education increases medical students' self-efficacy in discussing sexual health topics with adolescents. METHODS: We emailed a retrospective pre/postsurvey to all medical students who taught sexual health education in a local middle school through Sex Ed by Brown Med (N=61)...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Jarrett Sell, Adam Visconti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rates of injection drug use and associated medical complications have increased, yet engagement of persons who inject drugs (PWID) in primary care is limited, with significant barriers to care. Family physicians play an important role in caring for PWID, but residency training is limited. This study aimed to assess role responsibility, self-efficacy, and attitudes of family medicine residents in caring for PWID. METHODS: Using a cross sectional design, family medicine residents in 2018 at three different programs completed Likert and open-ended survey questions assessing role responsibility, self-efficacy, and attitudes in caring for PWID...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Mary M Flynn, Kristina Monteiro, Paul George, Allan R Tunkel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Food insecurity, defined as the lack of reliable access to sufficient quantities of affordable, nutritious food and present in 11.1% of the general population, has not been assessed in medical students. Food insecurity is related to adverse outcomes for both health and academics in undergraduate students. Assessing the presence of food insecurity in medical students, a population at high risk for burnout and depression, may allow for intervention in order to improve overall wellness in this population...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Jeffrey W W Hall, Harland Holman, Tyler W Barreto, Paul Bornemann, Andrew Vaughan, Kevin J Bennett, Jeffrey Chamberlain, Taft Micks, Douglas M Maurer, George R Bergus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2014, family medicine residency programs began to integrate point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) into training, although very few had an established POCUS curriculum. This study aimed to evaluate the resources, barriers, and scope of POCUS training in family medicine residencies 5 years after its inception. METHODS: Questions regarding current training and use of POCUS were included in the 2019 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine residency program directors, and results compared to similar questions on the 2014 CERA survey...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Zeynep Uzumcu, Mary Beth Sutter, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding counseling is an integral skill for all family physicians, regardless of whether they ultimately practice maternal child health (MCH). Evidence on time spent in breastfeeding education and resident competence is lacking. This study aimed to identify program characteristics associated with an increase the amount of breastfeeding education and program directors' (PDs) perceived competence of residents' breastfeeding counseling skills. METHODS: A national survey of family medicine PDs including breastfeeding questions was conducted as part of the 2019 CERA survey...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Jacob Prunuske, Hana Kang, Andrea L Wendling, Jennifer Edwards-Johnson, Julie P Phillips
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how medical students choose between primary care specialties. We compared the attitudes toward family medicine of medical students intending to practice primary care but not family medicine (PCNFM), with students intending to practice family medicine (FM) and those intending nonprimary care (NPC) careers. METHODS: The Family Medicine Attitudes Questionnaire (FMAQ) was distributed to 2,644 fourth-year medical students at 16 medical schools in spring 2017...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Mark Deutchman, Francesca Macaluso, Jason Chao, Christopher Duffrin, Karim Hanna, Daniel M Avery, Emily Onello, Kathleen Quinn, Mary Tabor Griswold, Mustafa Alavi, James Boulger, Patrick Bright, Benjamin Schneider, Jana Porter, Shannon Luke, James Durham, Memoona Hasnain, Katherine A James
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Schools of medicine in the United States may overstate the placement of their graduates in primary care. The purpose of this project was to determine the magnitude by which primary care output is overestimated by commonly used metrics and identify a more accurate method for predicting actual primary care output. METHODS: We used a retrospective cohort study with a convenience sample of graduates from US medical schools granting the MD degree...
June 2020: Family Medicine
David V Evans, Andrew D Jopson, C Holly A Andrilla, Randall L Longenecker, Davis G Patterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased medical school class sizes and new medical schools have not addressed the workforce inadequacies in primary care or underserved settings. While there is substantial evidence that student attributes predict practice specialty and location, little is known about how schools use these factors in admissions processes. We sought to describe admissions strategies to recruit students likely to practice in primary care or underserved settings. METHODS: We surveyed admissions personnel at US allopathic and osteopathic medical schools in 2018 about targeted admissions strategies aimed at recruitment and selection of students likely to practice rurally, in urban underserved areas, or in primary care Results: One hundred thirty-three of 185 (71...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Dean A Seehusen, Christy J W Ledford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2020: Family Medicine
John Saultz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2020: Family Medicine
Tricia C Elliott, Steve Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2020: Family Medicine
Natascha Lautenschläger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2020: Family Medicine
Mark A Dixon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2020: Family Medicine
Karl Dietrich, Elizabeth Hutchinson, Miranda D Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal problems are common in primary care, yet many family physicians lack confidence and competence in this area. The Advanced Primary Care Orthopedics (APCO) course utilizes hands-on physical exam instruction, interactive cases, and intentional repetition to teach anatomy, a standardized exam, and important diagnoses. This study assesses the effectiveness of APCO in improving musculoskeletal exam knowledge and confidence. METHODS: APCO is a 1...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Amir Barzin, Olivia C Seybold, Cristy Page
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There has been a growth in the demand for convenient, walk-in access in health care across the United States, resulting in primary care practices seeing a shift in services to urgent care centers (UCCs). In order to incorporate the flexibility of a UCC and improve primary care access and preventive care for our regular patients, the University of North Carolina (UNC) Family Medicine Center (FMC) established a UCC within the practice. This report describes that process and the impact of the new UCC on our academic practice...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Tommy Koonce, Dana Neutze
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: At a time when the US health care system needs greater access to comprehensive, on-demand primary care, the University of North Carolina Family Medicine Center found itself struggling to meet patient demands within the confines of an outdated facility. Clinic leadership sought to redesign the physical space to expand capacity, integrate other members of the care team, support extended hours of operation, and improve patient experience. METHODS: Clinic leadership employed experienced lean coaches to train our entire department in lean methodology, to implement a comprehensive approach to redesigning our workflows, and to use those perfected workflows to redesign and renovate our new clinical workspace...
June 2020: Family Medicine
John Malaty, Maribeth Williams, Peter J Carek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Residents need to learn about practice management, including how to improve the quality of their patient care utilizing practice data. However, little is known about the effectiveness of providing practice data to residents. This study examined the effectiveness of utilizing resident practice management reports. METHODS: We provided residents quarterly practice management reports with individual resident data on coding compliance (determined by manual chart review by a certified coder), clinical productivity (number of clinic sessions, visits per session, relative value units [RVUs] per visit, and RVUs per session), and patient quality outcomes (rates of diabetes mellitus control, diabetic nephropathy screening/management, hypertension control, influenza immunization, pneumococcal immunization, and colorectal cancer screening)...
June 2020: Family Medicine
Stephanie B Wilhoit-Reeves, Laurel A G Sisler, Shannon E Aymes, Shiara M Ortiz-Pujols, Deborah S Porterfield, Adam O Goldstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The growing prevalence of obesity in the United States and globally highlights the need for innovative strategies to provide obesity treatment in primary care settings. This report describes and evaluates the Weight Management Program (WMP), an interprofessional program in an academic family medicine clinic delivering intensive behavioral therapy (IBT) following evidenced-based guidelines. METHODS: We extracted WMP participant health data from the electronic health record and evaluated retrospectively...
June 2020: Family Medicine
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