journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787885/influence-of-aging-on-the-relation-between-head-control-and-hip-joint-kinematics-during-crossover-stepping
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yahiko Takeuchi, Kimiya Fujio
Falls in older individuals are a serious health issue in super-aged societies. The stepping reaction is an important postural strategy for preventing falls. This study aimed to reveal the characteristics of lateral stepping in response to mechanical disturbance by means of an analysis of the hip joint kinematics in the stepping leg and head stability during crossover steps. The participants included 11 healthy older and 13 younger individuals. An electromagnet-controlled disturbance-loading device induced crossover steps due to lateral disturbance...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787884/association-between-physical-measures-of-spinopelvic-alignment-and-physical-functioning-with-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sima Vatandoost, Katie Kowalski, Brent Lanting, K C Geoffrey Ng, Saghar Soltanabadi, Alison Rushton
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of total hip arthroplasty (THA) has trended upwards over past decades and is projected to increase further. Optimizing outcomes after surgery is essential to avoid surgical revision and maximize outcomes. Low back pain is reported as a problem post THA. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are commonly used to evaluate THA outcomes but have limitations (e.g., ceiling effects). It is therefore important to assess a comprehensive range of outcomes. Physical outcome measures of spinopelvic alignment and physical functioning demonstrate potential value, but no evidence synthesis has investigated their association with PROMs...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787883/the-morpho-syntax-of-question-particles-in-standard-arabic
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdul-Hafeed Fakih, Ali Abbas Falah Alzubi, Sami Algouzi
Unlike wh-question questions in Standard Arabic (SA), which received much attention in the past decades in different approaches within generative grammar, question particles (yes-no questions) in SA have not yet been studied thoroughly in minimalist syntax, and less attention has been paid to them. There is a need to analyze SA question articles and explore their syntactic behavior within minimalism. The reason why this topic has been selected for study is that SA question particles have not been investigated in detail yet in Chomsky's Phase Theory; it has not been analyzed how question particles are derived and represented morpho-syntactically in a clause structure...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787882/rational-resistance-amidst-gentle-breeze-and-mild-rain-examining-online-collective-behavior-among-the-chinese-public-using-the-elaborated-social-identity-model
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wang Qing, Zhang Xuebo
This research examines internet collective behavior in mainland China during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on the factors and characteristics that drive such behavior. The Chinese government initially implemented a conservative and biased policy to contain the spread of the virus, but the sudden lifting of lockdown measures in late 2022 resulted in a surge in infections and scarcity of medical resources. This policy shift led many Chinese internet users to perceive the government's actions as hasty and harsh, prompting them to engage in collective online behavior...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787875/combined-effects-of-ambient-temperature-and-food-availability-on-induced-innate-immune-response-of-a-fruit-eating-bat-carollia-perspicillata
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matheus F Viola, L Gerardo Herrera M, Ariovaldo P Cruz-Neto
Resilience of mammals to anthropogenic climate and land-use changes is associated with the maintenance of adequate responses of several fitness-related traits such as those related to immune functions. Isolated and combined effects of decreased food availability and increased ambient temperature can lead to immunosuppression and greater susceptibility to disease. Our study tested the general hypothesis that decreased food availability, increased ambient temperature and the combined effect of both factors would affect selected physiological and behavioral components associated with the innate immune system of fruit-eating bats (Carollia perspicillata)...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787874/heteroscedasticity-effects-as-component-to-future-stock-market-predictions-using-rnn-based-models
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aida Nabilah Sadon, Shuhaida Ismail, Azme Khamis, Muhammad Usman Tariq
Heteroscedasticity effects are useful for forecasting future stock return volatility. Stock volatility forecasting provides business insight into the stock market, making it valuable information for investors and traders. Predicting stock volatility is a crucial task and challenging. This study proposes a hybrid model that predicts future stock volatility values by considering the heteroscedasticity element of the stock price. The proposed model is a combination of Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH) and a well-known Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) algorithm Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM)...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787871/delayed-center-of-mass-feedback-in-elderly-humans-leads-to-greater-muscle-co-contraction-and-altered-balance-strategy-under-perturbed-balance-a-predictive-musculoskeletal-simulation-study
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rachel Jones, Neethan Ratnakumar, Kübra Akbaş, Xianlian Zhou
Falls are one of the leading causes of non-disease death and injury in the elderly, often due to delayed sensory neural feedback essential for balance. This delay, challenging to measure or manipulate in human studies, necessitates exploration through neuromusculoskeletal modeling to reveal its intricate effects on balance. In this study, we developed a novel three-way muscle feedback control approach, including muscle length feedback, muscle force feedback, and enter of mass feedback, for balancing and investigated specifically the effects of center of mass feedback delay on elderly people's balance strategies...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787870/effects-of-phytase-inclusion-in-diets-containing-rice-protein-concentrate-rpc-on-the-nutrient-digestibility-growth-and-chemical-characteristics-of-rohu-labeo-rohita
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayesha Khizar, Mahroze Fatima, Noor Khan, Muhammad Afzal Rashid
The objective of the current study was to assess the impact of dietary phytase supplementation on Labeo rohita fingerlings and to examine the effects on growth, nutrient digestibility and chemical characteristics of diets containing rice protein concentrate (RPC) as a major protein source. Six experimental diets were made, i.e., a positive control (fishmeal-based diet with no phytase), FM0; a negative control (RPC-based diet with no phytase), RPC0; and four supplemental phytase levels (250, 500, 1000, and 2000 FTU/kg)...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787869/tuberculosis-immunoreactivity-surveillance-in-malawi-timasamala-a-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-immunoreactivity-survey-in-blantyre-malawi
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah M Rickman, Mphatso D Phiri, Helena R A Feasey, Hannah Mbale, Marriott Nliwasa, Robina Semphere, George Chagaluka, Katherine Fielding, Henry C Mwandumba, Katherine C Horton, Emily S Nightingale, Marc Y R Henrion, Kuzani Mbendera, James A Mpunga, Elizabeth L Corbett, Peter MacPherson
Tuberculosis (TB) transmission and prevalence are dynamic over time, and heterogeneous within populations. Public health programmes therefore require up-to-date, accurate epidemiological data to appropriately allocate resources, target interventions, and track progress towards End TB goals. Current methods of TB surveillance often rely on case notifications, which are biased by access to healthcare, and TB disease prevalence surveys, which are highly resource-intensive, requiring many tens of thousands of people to be tested to identify high-risk groups or capture trends...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787868/treponema-pallidum-subsp-pallidum-strains-dal-1-and-philadelphia-1-differ-in-generation-times-in-vitro-as-well-as-during-experimental-rabbit-infection
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juraj Bosák, Lenka Mikalová, Matěj Hrala, Petra Pospíšilová, Martin Faldyna, David Šmajs
In this work, we determined that Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (TPA) DAL-1 (belonging to Nichols-like group of TPA strains) grew 1.53 (± 0.08) times faster compared to TPA Philadelphia 1 (SS14-like group) during in vitro cultivations. In longitudinal individual propagation in rabbit testes (n = 12, each TPA strain), infection with DAL-1 manifested clinical symptoms (induration, swelling, and erythema of testes) sooner than Philadelphia 1 infection, which resulted in a significantly shorter period of the experimental passages for DAL-1 (median = 15...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787867/eligibility-for-omecamtiv-mecarbil-in-a-real-world-heart-failure-population-data-from-the-swedish-heart-failure-registry
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Felix Lindberg, Natanael Øigaard, Marco Metra, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Ulf Dahlström, Peter Mol, Camilla Hage, Lars H Lund, Gianluigi Savarese
AIMS: We assessed eligibility for omecamtiv mecarbil (OM) in a real-world cohort with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) according to the selection criteria of the GALACTIC-HF trial (trial scenario) and selected trial´s criteria more likely to impact real-world use (pragmatic scenario). METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 31,015 patients with HFrEF lasting ≥3 months and registered in the Swedish HF registry between 2000-2021. Trial eligibility was calculated by applying all the GALACTIC-HF selection criteria...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787866/trajectories-of-cognitive-function-among-people-aged-45-years-and-older-living-with-diabetes-in-china-results-from-a-nationally-representative-longitudinal-study-2011-2018
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shi Chen, Yuewei Ling, Faquan Zhou, Xu Qiao, Jan D Reinhardt
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is associated with decline of cognitive function. Exploring different trajectories of cognitive function occurring in people with diabetes is important to improved prognosis. This study aimed to investigate differential patterns of trajectories of cognitive function and baseline determinants of trajectory group membership utilizing data from middle-aged and older Chinese adults with diabetes. METHODS: Participants of the Chinese Health And Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) aged 45 years and above received biennial assessments between 2011 and 2018...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787865/efficient-wastewater-sample-filtration-improves-the-detection-of-sars-cov-2-variants-an-extensive-analysis-based-on-sequencing-parameters
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Angelo Robotto, Carlotta Olivero, Elisa Pozzi, Claudia Strumia, Camilla Crasà, Cristina Fedele, Maddalena Derosa, Massimo Di Martino, Stefania Latino, Giada Scorza, Andrea Civra, David Lembo, Paola Quaglino, Enrico Brizio, Denis Polato
During the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, many countries established wastewater (WW) surveillance to objectively monitor the level of infection within the population. As new variants continue to emerge, it has become clear that WW surveillance is an essential tool for the early detection of variants. The EU Commission published a recommendation suggesting an approach to establish surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants in WW, besides specifying the methodology for WW concentration and RNA extraction. Therefore, different groups have approached the issue with different strategies, mainly focusing on WW concentration methods, but only a few groups highlighted the importance of prefiltering WW samples and/or purification of RNA samples...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787864/clinical-evaluation-of-platelet-rich-plasma-therapy-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guimei Guo, Wensi Ouyang, Guochen Wang, Wenhai Zhao, Changwei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aims to assess the efficacy and safety of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: We comprehensively searched randomized controlled trials in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal Database, WanFang, and Chinese BioMedical Literature Database from inception until October 25, 2024...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787863/-we-are-pleading-for-the-government-to-do-more-road-user-perspectives-on-the-magnitude-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions-to-road-traffic-injuries-and-deaths-in-ghana
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aldina Mesic, Barclay Stewart, Irene Opoku, Bradley H Wagenaar, Bilal Andoh Mohammed, Sulemana Abdul Matinue, Manal Jmaileh, James Damsere-Derry, Adam Gyedu, Charles Mock, Angela Kitali, Daniel Hardy Wuaku, Martin Owusu Afram, Caryl Feldacker
Road traffic collisions disproportionately impact Ghana and other low- and middle-income countries. This study explored road user perspectives regarding the magnitude, contributing factors, and potential solutions to road traffic collisions, injuries, and deaths. We designed a qualitative study of 24 in-depth interviews with 14 vulnerable road users (pedestrians, occupants of powered 2- and 3-wheelers, cyclists) and ten non-vulnerable road users in four high-risk areas in November 2022. We used a mixed deductive (direct content analysis) and inductive (interpretive phenomenological analysis) approach...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787862/identification-and-classification-of-urban-employment-centers-based-on-big-data-a-case-study-of-beijing
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Liang Wang, He Cui
The layout, scale and spatial form of urban employment centers are important guidelines for the rational layout of public service facilities such as urban transportation, medical care, and education. In this paper, we use Internet cell phone positioning data to identify the workplace and residence of users in the Beijing city area and obtain commuting data of the employed to measure the employment center system in Beijing. Firstly, the employment density distribution is generated using the data of the working places of the employed persons, and the employment centers are identified based on the employment density of Beijing...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787861/factors-associated-with-engagement-in-hiv-care-for-young-people-living-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-in-england-an-exploratory-observational-cohort-study
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marthe Le Prevost, Ali Judd, Siobhan Crichton, Caroline Foster, Alasdair Bamford, Deborah Ford
Identifying which young people living with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV) are less likely to engage in care is crucial to allow targeted interventions to support them to attend clinic. We adapted an existing Engagement in Care (EIC) algorithm for adults with HIV in England, for use in young people. We applied it to data from young people with PHIV in the Adolescents and Adults Living with Perinatal HIV (AALPHI) cohort. The algorithm predicts the timing of the next scheduled clinic visit, within 1-6 months of current visit, based on routine clinical data...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787860/a-comparative-study-of-blood-cell-count-in-four-automated-hematology-analyzers-an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-preanalytical-factors
#38
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Annika Åstrand, Cecilia Wingren, Claire Walton, Johan Mattsson, Komal Agrawal, Madelene Lindqvist, Lina Odqvist, Björn Burmeister, Steven Eck, Glen Hughes, Gabriela Luporini Saraiva, Anna Schantz, Ioannis Psallidas, Christopher McCrae
Differential white blood cell counts are frequently used in diagnosis, patient stratification, and treatment selection to optimize therapy responses. Referral laboratories are often used but challenged with use of different hematology platforms, variable blood shipping times and storage conditions, and the different sensitivities of specific cell types. To extend the scientific literature and knowledge on the temporal commutability of blood samples between hematology analyzers, we performed a comparative ex-vivo study using four of the most utilized commercial platforms, focusing on the assessment of eosinophils given its importance in asthma management...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787856/role-of-cyp9e2-and-a-long-non-coding-rna-gene-in-resistance-to-a-spinosad-insecticide-in-the-colorado-potato-beetle-leptinotarsa-decemlineata
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emine Kaplanoglu, Ian M Scott, Jessica Vickruck, Cam Donly
Spinosads are insecticides used to control insect pests, especially in organic farming where limited tools for pest management exist. However, resistance has developed to spinosads in economically important pests, including Colorado potato beetle (CPB), Leptinotarsa decemlineata. In this study, we used bioassays to determine spinosad sensitivity of two field populations of CPB, one from an organic farm exposed exclusively to spinosad and one from a conventional farm exposed to a variety of insecticides, and a reference insecticide naïve population...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38787855/genomic-analysis-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-urban-environmental-water-sources-in-accra-ghana-provides-insights-into-public-health-implications
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca Tettey, Beverly Egyir, Prudence Tettey, John Arko-Mensah, Samuel Ofori Addo, Christian Owusu-Nyantakyi, William Boateng, Julius Fobil
Wastewater discharge into the environment in resource-poor countries poses a threat to public health. Studies in this area within these countries are limited, and the use of high-throughput whole-genome sequencing technologies is lacking. Therefore, understanding of environmental impacts is inadequate. The present study investigated the antibiotic resistance profiles and diversity of beta-lactamases in Escherichia coli strains isolated from environmental water sources in Accra, Ghana. Microbiological analyses were conducted on wastewater samples from three hospitals, a sewage and wastewater treatment plant, and water samples from two urban surface water bodies...
2024: PloS One
journal
journal
20254
2
3
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.