journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635855/development-and-validation-of-the-multidimensional-gender-inequality-perception-scale-mugips
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sofía Schwartz-Salazar, Efraín García-Sánchez, Rocío Martínez, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón
Perceptions of gender inequality may motivate people to take action against inequality given its negative impact on various domains of people's everyday lives. Thus, it is crucial to develop reliable measures that consider the multidimensional nature of gender inequalities. In this research, we propose and assess the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Gender Inequality Perception Scale (MuGIPS). This is a self-reported measure of perceived gender inequality in four domains: health, violence, household work and caregiving, and public sphere and power...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635854/prechtl-s-method-to-assess-general-movements-inter-rater-reliability-during-the-preterm-period
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Angélica Valencia, Carlos Viñals, Elsa Alvarado, Marcela Balderas, Joëlle Provasi
INTRODUCTION: Prechtl's method (GMA) is a test for the functional assessment of the young nervous system. It involves a global and a detailed assessment of the general movements (GMs) and has demonstrated validity. Data on the reliability of both assessments in the preterm period are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the inter-rater reliability for the global and detailed assessments of the preterm writhing GMA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were 69 infants born at <37 gestational weeks and admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635852/role-of-oral-health-in-heart-and-vascular-health-a-population-based-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amr Sayed Ghanem, Orsolya Németh, Marianna Móré, Attila Csaba Nagy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and hypercholesterolemia, are a major public health challenge. This study investigates the influence of oral health indicators, including gum bleeding, active dental caries, tooth mobility, and tooth loss, on their prevalence in Hungary, considering socioeconomic, demographic, and lifestyle factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2019 Hungarian European Health Interview Survey with 5,603 participants informed this analysis...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635850/spatio-temporal-heterogeneity-of-china-s-import-and-export-trade-factors-influencing-it-and-its-implications-for-developing-countries-trade
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haisong Wang, Yuhuan Wu, Ning Zhu
This study constructed a multidimensional indicator system to evaluate spatio-temporal heterogeneity of China's import and export trade of 31 provinces from 2000 to 2022. This study describes the distribution of China's import and export trade by using location Gini coefficient and exploratory spatial analysis. Additionally, Multiple linear regression was used to ascertain the extent of contribution by various factors on the spatio-temporal heterogeneity of import and export trade. The simulation results show that inter-provincial import and export trade displayed distinct spatio-temporal differentiation characteristics with a prominent east-to-west disparity from 2000 to 2022...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635849/inclusion-of-chia-seeds-salvia-hispanica-l-and-pumpkin-seeds-cucurbita-moschata-in-dairy-sheep-diets
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lizbeth E Robles Jimenez, Edgar Aranda Aguirre, Maria de Los Angeles Colin Cruz, Beatriz Schettino-Bermúdez, Rey Gutiérrez-Tolentino, Alfonso J Chay-Canul, Ricardo A Garcia-Herrera, Navid Ghavipanje, Octavio A Castelan Ortega, Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez, Manuel Gonzalez-Ronquillo
Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seed (CS) and Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) seed (PS) are used in ruminant diets as energy sources. The current experiment studied the impact of dietary inclusion of CS and PS on nutrient intake and digestibility, milk yield, and milk composition of dairy sheep. Twelve primiparous Texel × Suffolk ewes [70 ± 5 days in milk (DIM); 0.320 ± 0.029 kg milk yield] were distributed in a 4 × 3 Latin square design and fed either a butter-based control diet [CON; 13 g/kg dry matter] or two diets with 61 g/kg DM of either CS or PS...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635848/enhancing-system-safety-in-critical-architectures-augmented-hypothesis-testing-with-early-design-knowledge
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fryad Khalid M Rashid
Hypothesis testing is a valuable method used to investigate ideas and test predictions arising from theories based on available data. In the context of critical system architecture, there is a need to effectively utilize hypothesis testing to identify faulty paths and improve system safety. This research aims to propose guidelines and best practices for presenting hypothesis testing in critical system architecture. The problem addressed in this study is the underutilization of hypothesis testing in life-critical system methods, resulting in a lack of identification of faulty paths...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635847/influence-of-intergenerational-support-on-the-mental-health-of-older-people-in-china
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zicheng Jiang, Huan Liu, Jing Deng, Yizhong Ye, Dexun Li
Today, population aging is the main trend of population development. Home-based care is mainly adopted in Chinese society, and scholars have paid ample attention to the effect of intergenerational support on the mental health of older people. However, research conclusions differ. This study uses data from the 2018 China Health and Pension Tracking Survey (CHARLS), which we analyzed with STATA software to construct least squares regression and two-stage least squares regression models. The regression model included 6,647 respondents to investigate the mental health status of older people based on depression status...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635846/evaluation-of-radiological-capacity-and-usage-in-paediatric-tb-diagnosis-a-mixed-method-protocol-of-a-comparative-study-in-mozambique-south-africa-and-spain
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Isabelle Munyangaju, Benedita José, Ridwaan Esmail, Megan Palmer, Begoña Santiago, Alicia Hernanz-Lobo, Crimenia Mutemba, Patricia Perez, Liebe Hendrietta Tlhapi, Vanessa Mudaly, Richard D Pitcher, Andreas Jahnen, Eliseo Vañó Carruana, Elisa López-Varela, Isabelle Thierry-Chef
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis remains one of the top ten causes of mortality globally. Children accounted for 12% of all TB cases and 18% of all TB deaths in 2022. Paediatric TB is difficult to diagnose with conventional laboratory tests, and chest radiographs remain crucial. However, in low-and middle-income countries with high TB burden, the capacity for radiological diagnosis of paediatric TB is rarely documented and data on the associated radiation exposure limited. METHODS: A multicentre, mixed-methods study is proposed in three countries, Mozambique, South Africa and Spain...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635845/implementing-evidence-ecosystems-in-the-public-health-service-development-of-a-framework-for-designing-tailored-training-programs
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laura Arnold, Simon Bimczok, Timo Clemens, Helmut Brand, Dagmar Starke
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of local evidence ecosystems in which academia and practice in the Public Health Service (PHS) are interconnected. However, appropriate organizational structures and well-trained staff are lacking and evidence use in local public health decision-making has to be integrated into training programs in Germany. To address this issue, we developed a framework incorporating a toolbox to conceptualize training programs designed to qualify public health professionals for working at the interface between academia and practice...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635843/a-model-study-of-teaching-method-reform-of-computer-laboratory-course-integrating-internet-of-things-technology
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiao Zhou, Ledan Qian, Haider Aziz, Marvin White
The Internet of Things (IoT) is gradually changing the way teaching and learning take place in on-campus programs. In particular, face capture services improve student concentration to create an efficient classroom atmosphere by using face recognition algorithms that support end devices. However, reducing response latency and executing face analysis services effectively in real-time is still challenging. For this reason, this paper proposed a pedagogical model of face recognition for IoT devices based on edge computing (TFREC)...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635842/rural-household-vulnerability-and-covid-19-evidence-from-india
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junyan Tian
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected vulnerable households' livelihoods in developing countries. Using high-frequency phone survey data from the World Bank, we assess rural Indian households' vulnerability and poverty status during the pandemic. Results reveal that over three-fifths of Indian rural households are vulnerable to poverty in the context of COVID-19, despite India's evident progress in mitigating poverty in the pre-pandemic era. Poverty plays a major role in accounting for variations in household vulnerability; however, the impact of risks on household welfare is not negligible...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635839/comorbidities-affecting-re-admission-and-survival-in-covid-19-application-of-joint-frailty-model
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Akram Yazdani, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Pouyan Ebrahimi, Hoda Shirafkan, Hamed Mehdinejad
BACKGROUND: One of the common concerns of healthcare systems is the potential for re-admission of COVID-19 patients. In addition to adding costs to the healthcare system, re-admissions also endanger patient safety. Recognizing the factors that influence re-admission, can help provide appropriate and optimal health care. The aim of this study was to assess comorbidities that affect re-admission and survival in COVID-19 patients using a joint frailty model. METHODS: This historical cohort study was done using data of patients with COVID-19 who were re-hospitalized more than twice in a referral hospital in North of Iran...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635838/exploring-the-impact-of-autumn-color-and-bare-tree-landscapes-in-virtual-environments-on-human-well-being-and-therapeutic-effects-across-different-sensory-modalities
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Menglei Yin, Kankan Li, Zhiman Xu, Rui Jiao, Wenzhi Yang
UNLABELLED: In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the potential health benefits of the natural environment for human well-being. Given the fast-paced nature of contemporary lifestyles, research into the use of virtual environments as a means to provide various seasonal landscapes has gained increasing importance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of different sensory modes on the preferences and therapeutic effects of virtual autumn landscapes on university campuses...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635837/adversarial-ai-applied-to-cross-user-inter-domain-and-intra-domain-adaptation-in-human-activity-recognition-using-wireless-signals
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muhammad Hassan, Tom Kelsey, Fahrurrozi Rahman
In recent years, researchers have successfully recognised human activities using commercially available WiFi (Wireless Fidelity) devices. The channel state information (CSI) can be gathered at the access point with the help of a network interface controller (NIC card). These CSI streams are sensitive to human body motions and produce abrupt changes (fluctuations) in their magnitude and phase values when a moving object interacts with a transmitter and receiver pair. This sensing methodology is gaining popularity compared to traditional approaches involving wearable technology, as it is a contactless sensing strategy with no cumbersome sensing equipments fitted on the target with preserved privacy since no personal information of the subject is collected...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635835/assessment-of-coastal-river-water-quality-in-bangladesh-implications-for-drinking-and-irrigation-purposes
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Md Ripaj Uddin, Mayeen Uddin Khandaker, Shamim Ahmed, Md Jainal Abedin, Syed Md Minhaz Hossain, Muhammad Abdullah Al Mansur, Shakila Akter, Md Ahedul Akbor, Ahm Shofiul Islam Molla Jamal, Mohammed M Rahman, Mohsin Kazi, Md Abu Bakar Siddique, Abubakr M Idris
Saltwater intrusion in the coastal areas of Bangladesh is a prevalent phenomenon. However, it is not conducive to activities such as irrigation, navigation, fish spawning and shelter, and industrial usage. The present study analyzed 45 water samples collected from 15 locations in coastal areas during three seasons: monsoon, pre-monsoon, and post-monsoon. The aim was to comprehend the seasonal variation in physicochemical parameters, including water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), salinity, total dissolved solids (TDS), hardness, and concentrations of Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Fe2+, HCO3-, PO43-, SO42-, and Cl-...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635832/the-multi-strategy-hybrid-forecasting-base-on-ssa-vmd-wst-for-complex-system
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Huiqiang Su, Shaojuan Ma, Xinyi Xu
In view of the strong randomness and non-stationarity of complex system, this study suggests a hybrid multi-strategy prediction technique based on optimized hybrid denoising and deep learning. Firstly, the Sparrow search algorithm (SSA) is used to optimize Variational mode decomposition (VMD) which can decompose the original signal into several Intrinsic mode functions (IMF). Secondly, calculating the Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) between each IMF component and the original signal, the subsequences with low correlation are eliminated, and the remaining subsequence are denoised by Wavelet soft threshold (WST) method to obtain effective signals...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635831/an-empirical-assessment-of-the-influence-of-digital-transformation-on-sports-corporate-sustainability
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haixia Wang, Laibing Lu, Yidan Fu, Qiuying Li
The trend of digital transformation fosters enterprise change, helps cultivate enterprises' own competitive advantages and is crucial to the advancement of sports enterprises' sustainable development in the framework of the emerging digital economy as a national strategy. However, there have been few empirical studies on the microlevel of digital transformation and its impact on the sustainability of sports organizations. Therefore, the sustainable growth dynamic model is used to construct indicators of corporate sustainability by referencing 48 sports corporations listed on Shanghai and Shenzhen A-shares markets and the New Third Board in China from 2012 to 2021...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635828/variable-angle-of-insulated-shotcrete-under-different-loading-rates-and-temperature-and-humidity-cycles-shear-test-and-analysis
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gejun Tong, Jingzhao Shen, Jianyong Pang, Haotian Shi, Jinkun Huang
The new thermal insulating shotcrete is of great significance for the management of thermal damage in deep mines, and its own strength has a greater impact on the roadway insulation and safe production, so it is very necessary to study the shear strength of the new thermal insulating shotcrete under the influence of the deep hot and humid environment and the stress of mining. For the heat-insulating shotcrete, firstly, we carried out the concrete variable angle shear test under different loading rates, which concluded that the shear rate and peak shear stress showed a trend of increasing and then decreasing; as the angle increases, the different rates have a greater impact on the peak shear stress of the specimen...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635827/how-long-is-long-word-length-effects-in-reading-correspond-to-minimal-graphemic-units-an-meg-study-in-bangla
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Swarnendu Moitra, Dustin A Chacón, Linnaea Stockall
This paper presents a magnetoencephalography (MEG) study on reading in Bangla, an east Indo-Aryan language predominantly written in an abugida script. The study aims to uncover how visual stimuli are processed and mapped onto abstract linguistic representations in the brain. Specifically, we investigate the neural responses that correspond to word length in Bangla, a language with a unique orthography that introduces multiple ways to measure word length. Our results show that MEG signals localised in the anterior left fusiform gyrus, at around 130ms, are highly correlated with word length when measured in terms of the number of minimal graphemic units in the word rather than independent graphemic units (akśar) or phonemes...
2024: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38635826/effects-of-cucurbita-moschata-squash-butternut-seed-paste-in-improving-zinc-and-iron-status-in-children-attending-early-childhood-development-centres-in-limpopo-province-south-africa
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Selekane Ananias Motadi, Xikombiso Gertrude Mbhenyane, Mthokozisi Kwazi Zuma, Jeanne H Freeland Graves
Cucurbita moschata (Butternut squash) seeds are a rich source of nutrition containing nutrients including iron, zinc, copper, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus. The aim of this study was to determine if Cucurbita Moschata squash seed paste improves zinc and iron status, anthropometric status, and dietary intake in preschool children. A pretest-posttest control group trial using cluster randomisation was conducted over 6 months. Four preschools were randomly assigned to receive 100 g of intervention or 100 g of a placebo as the control to enhance iron and zinc status...
2024: PloS One
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