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David F Grabski, Bernadette J Goudreau, Jacob R Gillen, Susan Kirk, Wendy M Novicoff, Philip W Smith, Bruce Schirmer, Charles M Friel
BACKGROUND: The inception of work hour restrictions for resident physicians in 2003 created controversial changes within surgery training programs. On a recent Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education survey at our institution, we noted a discrepancy between low recorded violations of the duty hour restrictions and the surgery resident's perception of poor duty hour compliance. We sought to identify factors that lead to duty hour violations and to encourage accurate reporting among surgery trainees...
July 8, 2019: Surgery
Elizabeth M Huffman, John R Martin, Dimitrios Stefanidis
Surgical educators face many challenges on the path toward ensuring surgical trainee technical-skill acquisition. We present effective intraoperative teaching techniques and discuss the utilization of simulation to improve technical skills outside of the operating room. Adjuncts, including coaching, mental skills, and nontechnical-skill assessments, are also reviewed. Finally, an example of a clinical curriculum that incorporates best practices in teaching technical surgery is presented.
July 8, 2019: Surgery
C Ann Vitous, Sarah Shubeck, Arielle Kanters, Michael Mulholland, Justin B Dimick
BACKGROUND: Although a growing body of literature has focused on the impacts leadership development programs have had on the individual surgeon, little effort has been focused on understanding the impacts these programs have had on surgical culture. The purpose of this study was to explore the impacts of implementing a leadership development program on the culture of the Department of Surgery at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 surgery faculty in the first cohort of a leadership development program at University of Michigan...
July 8, 2019: Surgery
Byron D Hughes, Safa Maharsi, Ruth N Obiarinze, Hemal B Mehta, Shawn Nishi, Ikenna C Okereke
BACKGROUND: Poor air quality has previously been associated with lung cancer development, but the risks associated with regional differences in air quality are poorly understood. We investigated the association of air quality indices with development of lung cancer in all Texas counties. METHODS: Lung cancer incidence, air quality indicators (particulate matter <2.5 μm, radon levels, oil well density), and known risk factors were obtained using data from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and the Texas Cancer Registry...
July 8, 2019: Surgery
Kathryn A Schlosser, Sean R Maloney, Tanushree Prasad, Vedra A Augenstein, Brant T Heniford, Paul D Colavita
BACKGROUND: Placement of paraesophageal type of "mesh" in paraesophageal hernia repair is controversial. This study examines the trends and outcomes of mesh placement in paraesophageal hernia repair. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was queried for patients who underwent paraesophageal hernia repair with or without mesh (2010-2017). Demographics, operative approach, and outcomes were compared over time...
July 6, 2019: Surgery
Alan Zambeli-Ljepović, Frances Wang, Michaela A Dinan, Terry Hyslop, Michael T Stang, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa, Randall P Scheri
BACKGROUND: Total thyroidectomy is more common than lobectomy for low-risk papillary thyroid cancer, despite equipoise in survival. Because postoperative morbidity increases with age, we aimed to investigate how the extent of thyroidectomy affects short-term outcomes among older patients. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database, we identified patients aged ≥66 years who were treated between 1996 and 2011 for papillary thyroid cancer with tumors ≤2 cm in diameter...
July 6, 2019: Surgery
Alexander R Cortez, Al-Faraaz Kassam, Todd M Jenkins, Christopher J Nathan, Jaimie D Nathan, Maria H Alonso, Frederick C Ryckman, Greg M Tiao, Alexander J Bondoc
BACKGROUND: Portal diversion by surgical shunt plays a major role in the treatment of medically refractory portal hypertension. We evaluate our center's experience with surgical shunts for the treatment of pediatric portal hypertension. METHODS: All patients who underwent surgical shunt at a single institution from 2008 to 2017 were reviewed. The primary outcome was intervention-free shunt patency. RESULTS: In this study, 34 pediatric patients underwent portal shunt creation...
July 5, 2019: Surgery
Anne Marthe Schreuder, Anne M Eskes, Rosanna G M van Langen, Susan van Dieren, Els J M Nieveen van Dijkum
BACKGROUND: Active involvement of relatives has the potential to improve postoperative patient outcomes by prevention of complications sensitive to basic care and unplanned readmissions. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a program in which relatives participated in postoperative care. METHODS: A pragmatic feasibility trial conducted at the surgical ward of a University hospital in the Netherlands. Patients undergoing esophageal or pancreatic resection with a relative who was willing and able to participate formed the intervention group (n = 20)...
July 5, 2019: Surgery
Genna Beattie, Caitlin Cohan, Emily Miraflor, William Brigode, Gregory P Victorino
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylserine is usually an intracellularly oriented cell membrane phospholipid. Externalized phosphatidylserine on activated cells is a signal for phagocytosis. In sepsis, persistent phosphatidylserine exposure is also a signal for activation of the coagulation and inflammatory cascades. As such, phosphatidylserine may be a key molecule in sepsis induced cellular and organ injury. We hypothesize that phosphatidylserine blockade provides a protective effect in sepsis induced organ dysfunction...
July 5, 2019: Surgery
Caroline Huynh, Nathalie Wong-Chong, Phil Vourtzoumis, Stephanie Lim, Wanda Marini, Gurp Johal, Matt Strickland, Amin Madani
BACKGROUND: Several models have been introduced to improve and restructure surgical training, but continued barriers exist. Residents are uniquely positioned to offer perspective on practical challenges and needs of reformatting surgical education. This study aimed to establish a nationwide, Delphi consensus statement on the perceptions of Canadian residents regarding the future of general surgery training. METHODS: Canadian general surgery residents participated in a moderated focus group using the Nominal Group Technique to discuss early subspecialization, competency-based medical education, and transition to practice...
July 4, 2019: Surgery
Tomoki Ryu, Yuko Takami, Yoshiyuki Wada, Takanobu Hara, Shin Sasaki, Hideki Saitsu
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists regarding the perioperative and oncologic benefits of microwave ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of hepatic resection and operative microwave ablation (microwave coagulo-necrotic therapy) for single hepatocellular carcinoma ≤5 cm. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2015, a total of 551 patients with a single hepatocellular carcinoma ≤5 cm were treated in our institution (hepatic resection: n = 128; microwave coagulo-necrotic therapy: n = 423)...
July 3, 2019: Surgery
Rafael de Athayde Soares, Marcelo Fernando Matielo, Francisco Cardoso Brochado Neto, Mônica Paschoal Nogueira, Rogério Duque Almeida, Roberto Sacilotto
BACKGROUND: In this article, we report the outcomes of patients with deep venous thrombosis in the lower limbs treated with the oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban or warfarin, focusing on the recanalization rate (measured with duplex ultrasound) and the incidence of postthrombotic syndrome. METHODS: This was a prospective, consecutive, randomized, blind cohort study of patients admitted with deep venous thrombosis to the Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual, São Paulo, Brazil, between March 2016 and July 2018...
July 2, 2019: Surgery
Yas Sanaiha, Behdad Kavianpour, Alexandra Mardock, Habib Khoury, Peter Downey, Sarah Rudasill, Peyman Benharash
BACKGROUND: With increasing dissemination and improved survival after extracorporeal life support, also called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, the decrease in readmissions after hospitalization involving extracorporeal life support is an emerging priority. The present study aimed to identify predictors of early readmission after extracorporeal life support at a national level. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the Nationwide Readmissions Database...
July 2, 2019: Surgery
Katherine M Prendergast, Paula Marincola Smith, Thuy B Tran, Lauren M Postlewait, Shishir K Maithel, Jason D Prescott, Timothy M Pawlik, Tracy S Wang, Jason Glenn, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, John E Phay, Lawrence A Shirley, Ryan C Fields, Linda X Jin, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Jason K Sicklick, Shady Gad, Adam C Yopp, John C Mansour, Quan-Yang Duh, Natalie Seiser, Konstantinos I Votanopoulos, Edward A Levine, George A Poultsides, Carmen C Solórzano, Colleen M Kiernan
BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare, aggressive cancer. We compared features of patients who underwent synchronous versus metachronous metastasectomy. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent resection for metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma from 1993 to 2014 at 13 institutions of the US adrenocortical carcinoma group were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were categorized as synchronous if they underwent metastasectomy at the index adrenalectomy or metachronous if they underwent resection after recurrence of the disease...
July 1, 2019: Surgery
Douglas R Gibula, Abhinav B Singh, Michael R Bronsert, William G Henderson, Catherine Battaglia, Karl E Hammermeister, Natalia O Glebova, Robert A Meguid
BACKGROUND: Unplanned postoperative readmissions are associated with high costs, may indicate poor care quality, and present a substantial opportunity for healthcare quality improvement. Patients want to know their risk of unplanned readmission, and surgeons need to know the risk to adequately counsel their patients. The Surgical Risk Preoperative Assessment System tool was developed from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program dataset and is a parsimonious model using 8 predictor variables...
July 1, 2019: Surgery
Chad A Barnes, Mariana I Chavez, Susan Tsai, Mohammed Aldakkak, Ben George, Paul S Ritch, Kulwinder Dua, Callisia N Clarke, Parag Tolat, Catherine Hagen, William A Hall, Beth A Erickson, Douglas B Evans, Kathleen K Christians
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to successfully deliver multimodality therapy to patients with operable pancreatic cancer. Data on the natural history of such efforts are necessary for physicians to guide shared decision-making with patients and families. We report the survival of consecutive patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy before surgery. METHODS: Data regarding demographics, neoadjuvant therapy, surgery, pathology, and survival duration were abstracted on consecutive patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer diagnosed between 2009 and 2017 and not treated on available clinical trials...
July 1, 2019: Surgery
Jae Moo Lee, Juan Herrera-Escobar, Michel Apoj, Syeda S Al Rafai, Kelsey Han, Deepika Nehra, Ali Salim, Karen Brasel, George Kasotakis, George Velmahos, Adil Haider, Haytham M A Kaafarani
BACKGROUND: The long-term consequences of in-hospital complications remain largely unknown. We sought to study the effect of complications on the long-term functional outcome of trauma patients. METHODS: Patients with an Injury Severity Score ≥ 9 admitted to 3, level I trauma centers between 2015 and 2017 were contacted 6 to 12 months postinjury and administered a validated trauma quality-of-life survey, assessing for the presence of any functional limitation...
June 28, 2019: Surgery
Max Schneider, Valerie Dahm, Christian Passler, Elisabeth Sterrer, Gudrun Mancusi, Robert Repasi, Elisabeth Gschwandtner, Elisabeth Fertl, Laura Handgriff, Michael Hermann
BACKGROUND: Injury of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and consequent disorder of vocal fold movement is a typical complication in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. During postoperative laryngoscopy we observed not only a complete standstill (vocal fold paralysis), but also a hypomobility (paresis). In this prospective study, we investigated the difference in incidence and prognosis as well as risk-factors, intraoperative neuromonitoring, and symptoms between vocal fold paralysis and vocal fold paresis...
June 28, 2019: Surgery
Jennifer Colvin, Michael Rosen, Ajita Prabhu, Steven Rosenblatt, Clayton Petro, Samuel Zolin, David Krpata
BACKGROUND: Pathways of enhanced recovery after surgery represent a standardized, multimodal approach to postoperative care with the goal of accelerating recovery without increasing morbidity. We hypothesized that implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery pathway for abdominal wall reconstruction would result in a decreased duration of stay. METHODS: We compared 100 historic controls to 100 consecutive patients undergoing abdominal wall reconstruction with use of a newly implemented, enhanced recovery after surgery pathway to detect a difference in duration of stay of 1 day...
June 28, 2019: Surgery
Nicholas P McKenna, Elizabeth B Habermann, Martin D Zielinski, Amy L Lightner, Kellie L Mathis
BACKGROUND: Obesity is increasing in prevalence among patients with Crohn's disease, but how body mass index affects disease severity and postoperative outcomes remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of ileocolic resections for Crohn's disease performed at a single institution between January 2007 and December 2017 was conducted. On the day of surgery, patients were grouped by body mass index into underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese categories...
June 28, 2019: Surgery
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