Spencer Fosnot, Katelyn Currier, Jay Pendell, Meghan N Jeffres
BACKGROUND: Cefazolin is routinely recommended as the first-line agent for surgical antibiotic prophylaxis because it prevents more surgical site infections than second-line antibiotics. Clinicians often avoid administering cefazolin to patients who are labeled as penicillin allergic due to concerns of cross-reactivity. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions between cefazolin and the second-line antibiotics vancomycin and clindamycin. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who were labeled as penicillin allergic and received either cefazolin, clindamycin, or vancomycin as preoperative antibiotics...
April 8, 2021: Surgery
Robin Detering, Marieke L W Rutgers, Willem A Bemelman, Roel Hompes, Pieter J Tanis
BACKGROUND: Circumferential resection margin is considered an important prognostic parameter after rectal cancer surgery, but its impact might have changed because of improved surgical quality and tailored multimodality treatment. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the prognostic importance of circumferential resection margin involvement based on the most recent literature. METHODS: A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was performed for studies published between January 2006 and May 2019...
April 7, 2021: Surgery
Sarah Buzhardt, Andrew G Chapple, Felicia LeMoine, Kelly McCune, Elizabeth F Sutton
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting reports of postoperative efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy in patients with obesity after cesarean delivery. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study for patients with obesity and negative pressure wound therapy or abdominal dressing after cesarean delivery between April 1, 2014 and January 31, 2018. Postoperative surgical site infection was defined from medical record charting or positive wound culture and confirmed by the hospital's Infection Prevention team...
April 7, 2021: Surgery
Anthony Charles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2021: Surgery
Jamie R Oliver, Kepal N Patel, Clifford M Chang, Chelsey K Baldwin, Preneet C Brar, Luc G T Morris, Babak Givi
BACKGROUND: Unlike medullary thyroid carcinoma in adults, the vast majority of pediatric medullary thyroid carcinoma is hereditary. Pediatric medullary thyroid carcinoma is known to have different genetic alterations driving tumorigenesis, but it is not known if pediatric medullary thyroid carcinoma has different clinicopathologic features. This study aims to identify which pediatric medullary thyroid carcinoma patients might warrant elective neck dissection. METHODS: We selected all patients ages 0 to 19 diagnosed with clinically evident medullary thyroid carcinoma in the National Cancer Database between 2004 to 2016...
April 7, 2021: Surgery
Ryan B Cohen, Samantha N Olafson, James Krupp, Afshin Parsikia, Mark J Kaplan, Benjamin Moran, Pak Shan Leung
BACKGROUND: Gastrografin challenge is increasingly used as a diagnostic tool to predict patients who may benefit from nonoperative management in adhesive small bowel obstruction. This study explores the optimal timing of Gastrografin in the management of adhesive small bowel obstruction by comparing early versus late Gastrografin challenge. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from January 2016 to January 2018 identified patients with adhesive small bowel obstruction who underwent Gastrografin challenge...
April 6, 2021: Surgery
Qianzhi Wang, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Ryo Ueno, Hirofumi Tomita, Takateru Ihara, Yusuke Hagiwara, Satoko Suzuki, Mototoshi Kato, Naoki Shimojima, Hiroshi Hataya
BACKGROUND: A previous report proposed ultrasonography-based classification as a promising means of predicting pediatric spontaneously resolving appendicitis. The present study investigated the long-term prognosis of supportive care for low-grade appendicitis identified by ultrasonography, defined as an appendix with a smooth submucosal layer irrespective of blood flow or an appendix with an irregular layer and increased blood flow. METHODS: The present, retrospective cohort study enrolled patients under 16 years of age with acute appendicitis at a children's hospital between October 2010 and September 2016...
April 6, 2021: Surgery
Tommy Ivanics, Katherine Zimnicki, Hassan Ahmad, Ihab Saab, Vivian Liu, Donna Tepper, Aamir Siddiqui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2021: Surgery
Jason C Pradarelli, Avni Gupta, Andrea H Hermosura, Kenric M Murayama, Keith A Delman, Mohsen M Shabahang, Joaquim M Havens, Stuart Lipsitz, Douglas S Smink, Steven Yule
BACKGROUND: To ensure safe patient care, regulatory bodies worldwide have incorporated non-technical skills proficiency in core competencies for graduation from surgical residency. We describe normative data on non-technical skill ratings of surgical residents across training levels using the US-adapted Non-Technical Skills for Surgeons (NOTSS-US) assessment tool. METHODS: We undertook an exploratory, prospective cohort study of 32 residents-interns (postgraduate year 1), junior residents (postgraduate years 2-3), and senior residents (postgraduate years 4-5)-across 3 US academic surgery residency programs...
April 1, 2021: Surgery
Alexandra Mercel, Emily R Newton, Kathleen Marulanda, Mia Klein, Irene Helenowski, Melina R Kibbe
BACKGROUND: Federal initiatives have recently addressed the sex bias that exists in biomedical and clinical research. However, improvement to the inclusion of sex as a biological variable remains unknown. METHODS: We performed a 5-year follow-up study of all clinical and biomedical research articles published in 5 surgical journals from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2018. Human, animal, and cell subjects were analyzed for study/subject type, sex of participants, sex matching, and sex-based data reporting, analysis, and discussion...
April 1, 2021: Surgery
Praveen D Chatani, John G Aversa, James D McDonald, Tahsin M Khan, Xavier M Keutgen, Naris Nilubol
BACKGROUND: Small bowel neuroendocrine tumors (SB-NET) frequently metastasize to regional lymphatic or distant sites. Although most prognostication of SB-NET focuses on lymph node involvement, findings from studies of neuroendocrine tumors from other primary sites have suggested that preoperative serum chromogranin-A (CgA) levels may provide a more accurate metric. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database (2004-2016), we analyzed patients with locoregional SB-NET who underwent curative resection including an adequate lymphadenectomy (n = 1,274)...
April 1, 2021: Surgery
Kyle Thompson, Benjamin Zendejas, Wendy Jo Svetanoff, Brian Labow, Amir Taghinia, Oren Ganor, Michael Manfredi, Peter Ngo, C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, Russell W Jennings
BACKGROUND: The jejunal interposition is our preferred esophageal replacement route when the native esophagus cannot be reconstructed. We report the evolution of our approach and outcomes. METHODS: The study was a single-center retrospective review of children undergoing jejunal interposition for esophageal replacement. Outcomes were compared between historical (2010-2015) and contemporary cohorts (2016-2019). RESULTS: Fifty-five patients, 58% male, median age 4 years (interquartile range 2...
April 1, 2021: Surgery
Thomas J O'Malley, Diana C Jimenez, Abhiraj Saxena, Matthew P Weber, Louis E Samuels, John W Entwistle, T Sloane Guy, H Todd Massey, Rohinton J Morris, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
BACKGROUND: Carcinoid heart disease (CaHD) develops from vasoactive substances released by neuroendocrine tumors, which can cause significant patient morbidity and mortality without surgical intervention. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to elucidate granular perioperative details and long-term outcomes in these patients. METHODS: Electronic search of Ovid, Scopus, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register was performed to examine surgical treatment of carcinoid disease...
March 31, 2021: Surgery
Ferdinando Carlo Maria Cananzi, Laura Ruspi, Marco Fiore, Federico Sicoli, Vittorio Quagliuolo, Alessandro Gronchi
Major blood vessels may be invaded either by primary sarcomas arising from the vessel wall or by secondary infiltration of a retroperitoneal sarcoma. The involvement of major blood vessels is not considered to be an absolute contraindication for surgical resection. The main issue when evaluating a possible major vascular resection is to balance the possible surgical morbidity with the expected survival benefit. This is strictly related to the tumor's biology and clinical behavior and to the patient's performance status and comorbidities...
March 31, 2021: Surgery
Elise Lupon, Jérôme Laloze, Benoit Chaput, Jean-Louis Grolleau, Jean-Pierre Chavoin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2021: Surgery
Deniz Balci, Lucas McCormack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2021: Surgery
Jonathan D D'Angelo, Sarah Lund, Rebecca A Busch, Sarah Tevis, Kellie L Mathis, Scott R Kelley, Eric J Dozois, Anne-Lise D D'Angelo
BACKGROUND: Prior work has identified intraoperative and postoperative coping strategies among surgeons and has demonstrated surgical errors to have a significant impact on patient outcomes and physicians. Little research has considered which coping strategies are most common among surgeons and if there exist coping strategy differences among sex or training level. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to surgical faculty and trainees at 3 institutions. Variables included coping techniques after making an error in the operating room...
March 30, 2021: Surgery
Elzbieta Rybicka-Kozlowska, Kenneth Andreoni, Tomasz Kozlowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2021: Surgery
Samuel Frey, Thomas Goronflot, Clarisse Kerleau, Pierre-Antoine Gourraud, Cécile Caillard, Maryvonne Hourmant, Éric Mirallié, Lucile Figueres
BACKGROUND: Tertiary hyperparathyroidism occurs in 25% to 50% of kidney-transplanted patients. Indication of parathyroidectomy is now discussed, since the calcimimetic agent, cinacalcet, is an alternate option. The effects of either of these treatments on graft function remain controversial, studied only in small cohorts showing either decrease or absence of modification. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the evolution of graft function after surgical or medical treatment. METHODS: Studies assessing graft function in tertiary hyperparathyroidism after parathyroidectomy or cinacalcet introduction were enrolled into quantitative analysis using Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis reporting guidelines...
March 30, 2021: Surgery
Jeremy A Balch, Lou Ann Cooper, Amanda C Filiberto, Patricia E Chan, Andrea N Riner, George A Sarosi, Sanda A Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2021: Surgery
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