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Callisia N Clarke, Douglas B Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: Surgery
William C Cirocco, E Christopher Ellison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: Surgery
Hemasat Alkhatib, Luciano Tastaldi, David M Krpata, Clayton C Petro, Li-Ching Huang, Sharon Phillips, Aldo Fafaj, Steven Rosenblatt, Michael J Rosen, Ajita S Prabhu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the impact of modifiable comorbidities-obesity, diabetes, and smoking-and their aggregate effect on wound complications after incisional hernia repair. METHODS: Data on all open, elective, incisional hernia repair with permanent synthetic mesh in clean wounds were collected from the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative and reviewed. Three groups were defined: those with 0, 1, or 2+ modifiable comorbidities, with associations described for each specific comorbid condition...
May 13, 2019: Surgery
Gianluca Donatini, Jean-Louis Kraimps, Beatriz de Rienzo-Madero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: Surgery
Minyoung Kwak, J Hunter Mehaffey, Robert B Hawkins, Traci L Hedrick, Craig L Slingluff, Bruce Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell, Charles M Friel
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer and possibly the formation of precancerous, colorectal polyps . Bariatric surgery is very effective for long-term weight loss; however, it is not known whether bariatric surgery decreases the risk of subsequent colonic neoplasia. We hypothesized that bariatric surgery would decrease the risk of developing colorectal lesions (new cancer and precancerous polyps). METHODS: We reviewed all patients (n = 3,676) who underwent bariatric surgery (gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, or gastric banding) at the University of Virginia (Charlottesville, VA) 1985-2015...
May 13, 2019: Surgery
Fady Daniel, Hani Tamim, Mohammad Hosni, Aurelie Mailhac, Faek Jamali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2019: Surgery
Piotr Domagala, Kosei Takagi, Robert J Porte, Wojciech G Polak
BACKGROUND: The ideal order for liver graft revascularization during liver transplantation remains unknown. The majority of liver transplant centers prefer portal venous reperfusion followed by arterial reperfusion to shorten the warm ischemia time. The aim of this study was to review the different revascularization techniques used in clinical liver transplantation to identify any potential clinical benefits. METHODS: A systematic search of 5 databases was performed to identify all available original articles that reported liver transplantation and compared different techniques of reperfusion...
May 10, 2019: Surgery
Marinus A Kempeneers, Lianne Scholten, Charissa R Verkade, Jeanin E van Hooft, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Olivier R Busch, J Hans DeVries, Yama Issa, Ashley Dennison, Marc G Besselink, Marja A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: The rationale for total pancreatectomy in painful, treatment refractory, chronic pancreatitis is pain control. Concomitant islet cell autotransplantation can prevent the loss of islet cell function. This study aimed to systematically examine the impact of total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation on pain and quality of life. METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted according the Meta-analyses of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guideline...
May 10, 2019: Surgery
Gilbert R Upchurch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: Surgery
Yun Song, Andrew D Tieniber, Charles M Vollmer, Major K Lee, Robert E Roses, Douglas L Fraker, Rachel R Kelz, Giorgos C Karakousis
BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula and delayed gastric emptying cause substantial morbidity after pancreatoduodenectomy. Per international guidelines, the placement of jejunostomy tubes may be considered for patients at risk for malnutrition, such as those with a high risk for clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula and related complications. This study determined predictors and postoperative outcomes of jejunostomy tube placement. METHODS: Patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy in 2014 to 2015 were identified using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and Procedure-Targeted Pancreatectomy Participant Use Files...
May 7, 2019: Surgery
Catherine E Kling, James D Perkins, Scott W Biggins, Christopher K Johnson, Ajit P Limaye, Lena Sibulesky
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic has resulted in increasing the incidence of hepatitis C virus in the general population and more deceased organ donors with hepatitis C in the United States. We aim to describe how the changing donor landscape affects patterns of liver and kidney transplantation among donors, waitlist candidates, and transplanted recipients. METHODS: Using data supplied by the United Network for Organ Sharing, we examined donor hepatitis C virus antibody (Ab) and nucleic acid testing (NAT) status, center waitlist patterns, and liver and kidney transplants and discards between 2015 and 2017 by 6-month periods...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Alexandra G Lopez-Aguiar, Cecilia G Ethun, Mohammad Y Zaidi, Flavio G Rocha, George A Poultsides, Mary Dillhoff, Ryan C Fields, Kamran Idrees, Clifford S Cho, Daniel E Abbott, Kenneth Cardona, Shishir K Maithel
BACKGROUND: Management of <2-cm pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is controversial. Although often indolent, the oncologic heterogeneity of these tumors particularly related to lymph node metastases poses challenges when deciding between resection versus surveillance. METHODS: We analyzed all patients who underwent resection of primary nonfunctional <2-cm with curative-intent at 8 institutions of the US Neuroendocrine Tumor Study Group from 2000 to 2016. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors with poor differentiation and Ki-67 > 20% were excluded...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Lucy W Ma, Justin S Hatchimonji, Elinore J Kaufman, Catherine E Sharoky, Brian P Smith, Daniel N Holena
BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue is defined as death after a complication and has been used to evaluate quality of care in adult trauma patients, but there are no published studies on failure to rescue in pediatric trauma. The aim of this study was to define the relationship among rates of mortality, complications, and failure to rescue at centers caring for pediatric (<18 years of age) trauma patients in a nationally representative database. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of the 2015 and 2016 National Trauma Data Bank...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Jayme E Locke, Rhiannon D Reed, Allan B Massie, Paul A MacLennan, Deirdre Sawinski, Vineeta Kumar, Jon J Snyder, Alexis J Carter, Brittany A Shelton, Margaux N Mustian, Cora E Lewis, Dorry L Segev
BACKGROUND: Body mass index of living kidney donors has increased substantially. Determining candidacy for live kidney donation among obese individuals is challenging because many donation-related risks among this subgroup remain unquantified, including even basic postdonation mortality. METHODS: We used data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients linked to data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to study long-term mortality risk associated with being obese at the time of kidney donation among 119,769 live kidney donors (1987-2013)...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Allison E Berndtson, Robin Bricker-Ford, Kevin Box, Gabrielle Z Madsen, Legrand Malany, Alan M Smith, Todd W Costantini, Raul Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem worldwide, with differences in regional resistance patterns driven by variance in antibiotic stewardship. Hospitals along the United States-Mexico border increasingly identify resistance, raising concern for transfer of drug-resistant organisms across the border. METHODS: This retrospective review evaluated trauma admissions between March 2011 and August 2015. Patients were included if cultures were obtained during the first 3 days of hospitalization to limit analysis of hospital-acquired bacteria...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Habib Khoury, Ricardo Rosales Morales, Yas Sanaiha, Sarah Rudasill, Rakin Jaman, Hugh Gelabert, Peyman Benharash
BACKGROUND: Although short-term outcomes of endovascular and open infrainguinal revascularization in patients with peripheral arterial disease have been previously reported, 30-day readmission and resource utilization after these procedures remain unknown. METHODS: We used the 2010-2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database and the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, to identify patients with peripheral arterial disease undergoing either in-hospital endovascular or open infrainguinal revascularization...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Cheng-Le Zhuang, Xian Shen, Yang-Yang Huang, Feng-Min Zhang, Xi-Yi Chen, Liang-Liang Ma, Xiao-Lei Chen, Zhen Yu, Su-Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has suggested that sarcopenia is linked with cancer prognosis, but only limited data have focused on the impact of myosteatosis on cancer outcomes. This study evaluates the influence of myosteatosis on postoperative complications and survival in those patients who underwent radical resection of gastric carcinoma. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer and had computed tomographic images available were identified from a prospectively collected database between 2008 and 2013...
May 6, 2019: Surgery
Timothy M Ullmann, Katherine D Gray, Dessislava Stefanova, Jessica Limberg, Jessica L Buicko, Brendan Finnerty, Rasa Zarnegar, Thomas J Fahey, Toni Beninato
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to prevent overly aggressive treatment of low-risk thyroid cancers, the American Thyroid Association changed guideline recommendations in late 2015 to state that either hemithyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy are acceptable operations for these patients. We hypothesized that surgeons would increasingly perform hemithyroidectomy after the release of these guidelines. METHODS: The database of the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program was queried to identify all patients with thyroid cancer who were undergoing thyroidectomy between 2009 and 2017...
May 2, 2019: Surgery
Jordan C Apfeld, Zachary J Kastenberg, Alexander T Gibbons, Ciaran S Phibbs, Henry C Lee, Karl G Sylvester
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies are the leading cause of infant death and pediatric hospitalization, but existing estimates of the associated costs of health care are either cross-sectional surveys or economic projections. We sought to determine the percent of total hospital health care expenditures attributable to major anomalies requiring surgery within the first year of life. METHODS: Utilizing comprehensive California statewide data from 2008 to 2012, cohorts of infants undergoing major surgery, with birth defects and with surgical anomalies, were constructed alongside a referent group of newborns with no anomalies or operations...
May 2, 2019: Surgery
Wessel M C M Vorselaars, Dirk-Jan van Beek, Emily L Postma, Wilko Spiering, Inne H M Borel Rinkes, Gerlof D Valk, Menno R Vriens
BACKGROUND: In a first step toward standardization, the Primary Aldosteronism Surgical Outcomes investigators introduced consensus criteria defining the clinical outcomes after adrenalectomy for primary aldosteronism. Within this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the use of these consensus criteria in daily clinical practice in 16 centers in Europe, Canada, Australia, and the United States. METHODS: Patients who underwent unilateral adrenalectomy for primary aldosteronism between 2010 and 2016 were included...
April 30, 2019: Surgery
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