Read by QxMD icon Read


Zhi-Hao Shen, Kai Wang, Dong Chen, Xuan-Qi Zheng, Jin-Feng Huang, Ai-Min Wu
STUDY DESIGN: A computed tomographic assessment. OBJECTIVE: To establish morphometric data of sacral-2 alar iliac screw fixation in pediatric population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Studies on morphometric parameters of sacral-2 alar iliac (S2AI) screw fixation are mostly based on adult population. The pediatric scoliosis also needs the S2AI screw fixation, however, without the previous morphometric information of among pediatric population...
January 29, 2019: Spine
Jianhua Lin, Mark Halaki, Pavithra Rajan, Andrew Leaver
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis OBJECTIVE.: To examine the association between proprioception and pain and disability in people with non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) and the impact of potential moderators on the strength of the association SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: NSLBP is a common musculoskeletal disorders and a leading cause of disability. Proprioception deficit has been associated with low back pain and correlated with pain and disability; however, the correlation coefficients presented are conflicting...
January 29, 2019: Spine
Xu Sun, Liang Xu, Zhonghui Chen, Benlong Shi, Xi Chen, Song Li, Changzhi Du, Qingshuang Zhou, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the hybrid growing rod (GR) technique for the treatment of young children with congenital scoliosis (CS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Congenital vertebral anomalies within long-spanned kyphoscoliosis was difficult to be managed by either definitive spinal fusion or standard GR technique. Hybrid technique of one-stage posterior osteotomy with short fusion and GR distraction was proposed in previous studies...
January 29, 2019: Spine
Yan Lou, Wei Wan, Zhipeng Wu, Jian Yang, Kehan Xu, Quan Huang, Tielong Liu, Haifeng Wei, Xinghai Yang, Jianru Xiao
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective survival analysis of 44 Undifferentiated high grade pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) of the spine. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors related to overall survival(OS) and help decision making in the treatment of undifferentiated high grade pleomorphic sarcoma of the spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: UPS is an aggressive malignant tumor rarely originating from the spine. Due to its scarcity, only a few studies had been reported to describe the clinical features, treatments, and outcomes of sporadic cases, devoid of evaluation on prognostic factors...
January 29, 2019: Spine
Patrick W Hitchon, Royce R Woodroffe, Jennifer A Noeller, Logan Helland, Nataliya Hramakova, Kirill V Nourski
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort OBJECTIVE.: To identify advantages and disadvantages of the anterior and posterior approaches in the treatment of cervical stenosis and myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Both anterior and posterior surgical approaches for cervical stenosis and myelopathy have been shown to result in improvement in health-related outcomes. Despite the evidence, controversy remains regarding the best approach to achieve decompression and correct deformity...
January 29, 2019: Spine
John P Kleimeyer, Ning Liu, Serena S Hu, Ivan Cheng, Todd Alamin, Brian E Grottkau, Sunil Kukreja, Kirkham B Wood
MINI: Lumbar lateral listhesis is associated with the presence of lumbar radiculopathy in adult scoliosis. A classification of lumbar lateral listhesis was developed accordingly, demonstrating a considerable probability of having radicular leg pain in Type 2 or 3 lateral listhesis. This classification was then validated in a prospective cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review and prospective validation study. OBJECTIVES: To develop a classification system of lumbar lateral listhesis that suggests different likelihoods of having radiculopathy in adult scoliosis...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Kevin A Sonn, Stephen J Wallace, Feng Ning F Yuan, Andrew Schneider, Erin L Hsu, Robert Havey, Avinash G Patwardhan, John J Callaci
MINI: Despite known negative effects on bone health and bone healing, proton pump inhibitors are commonly prescribed to orthopaedic patients for gastrointestinal disorders. Significant rates of pseudarthrosis persist in spine surgery despite advances in techniques and instrumentation. Proton pump inhibitor administration did not negatively affect fusion rates in this rodent model. STUDY DESIGN: Rat posterolateral arthrodesis model. OBJECTIVE: Quantify the impact of administration of a proton pump inhibitor on spine fusion...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Cameron Barton, Piyush Kalakoti, Nicholas A Bedard, Nathan R Hendrickson, Comron Saifi, Andrew J Pugely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2019: Spine
Ho-Joong Kim, Feng Shen, Kyoung-Tak Kang, Heoung-Jae Chun, Sung Taeck Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
MINI: The present study showed that the failure of pelvic compensation would likely occur in patients with severe positive sagittal imbalance during walking. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study for motion analysis. OBJECTIVE: To compare spinopelvic parameters using static radiographs with the values obtained using motion analysis during gait between adult spinal deformity (ASD) or lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It is still unclear whether measurement of radiological parameters using static radiographs can reflect natural sagittal balance during gait in the patients with severe positive sagittal imbalance...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Ludvig Vavruch, Rob C Brink, Marcus Malmqvist, Tom P C Schlösser, Marijn van Stralen, Kasim Abul-Kasim, Acke Ohlin, René M Castelein, Hans Tropp
MINI: Patients with Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis can be effectively managed surgically with an anterior or posterior approach. However, each approach has specific advantages and challenges, as described in this study, which must be considered before treating each patient. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To describe surgical results in two and three dimensions and patient-reported outcomes of scoliosis treatment for Lenke type 1 idiopathic curves with an open anterior or posterior approach...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Pasquale De Bonis, Corrado Iaccarino, Antonio Musio, Antonio Martucci, Federico De Iure, Roberto Donati, Francesco Cultrera, Luigino Tosatto, Franco Servadei, Domenico Alesi, Michele Alessandro Cavallo, Reza Ghadirpour, Filippo Molinari, Giorgio Lofrese
MINI: Functional outcome of elderly patients treated for odontoid fracture is strictly related to their pre-injury level of function and comorbidity. Compared with conservative external immobilizations, surgery revealed no advantages in the elderly in terms of functional outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of impact of conservative and surgical treatments on functional outcome of geriatric odontoid fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Treatment of odontoid fractures in aged population is still debatable...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Caizhong Xie, Xiangzhe Li, Lu Fang, Tong Wang
MINI: We have explored the effects of athermal shortwave diathermy (SWD) in spinal cord injury (SCI). Sprague-Dawley rats received athermal SWD treatment at 24 hours after SCI. The Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scales and somatosensory evoked potentials and motor evoked potentials were used to measure changes of neurological function. Our results showed that athermal SWD treatment exerts neuroprotective effect in SCI. STUDY DESIGN: A study on shortwave diathermy (SWD) versus no treatment following induced spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Rasoul Bagheri, Behrouz Parhampour, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Sayyed Hamed Fazeli, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mahmood Akbari, Mahdi Dadgoo
MINI: We evaluate the effect of core training program (CTP) on the trunk-pelvis kinematics during gait between chronic low back pain (CLBP) and healthy. CTP increased the frontal and transverse planes pattern variability in CLBP. However, there was a significant higher the sagittal plane pattern variability in healthy participants compared with CLBP after the intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial study. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of core stabilization exercise program (CSEP) on trunk-pelvis kinematics during gait in non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP)...
January 14, 2019: Spine
Eivind Hasvik, Anne Julsrud Haugen, Stacey Haukeland-Parker, Stein Arne Rimehaug, Johannes Gjerstad, Lars Grøvle
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study with translation and psychometric analyses of a questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: Cross-cultural adaptation of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire-2 into Norwegian. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The different versions of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) have been important and influential tools for pain assessment. To more reliably assess qualities of both neuropathic and non-neuropathic pain, the Short-Form MPQ was revised in 2009 (SF-MPQ-2), including seven additional descriptors...
January 7, 2019: Spine
Micheal Raad, Brian J Neuman, Khaled M Kebaish, Lee H Riley, Richard L Skolasky
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVES.: To evaluate whether Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) health domains can effectively estimate health utility index values for patients presenting for spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Stable estimates of health utility are required to determine cost-effectiveness of spine surgery. There are no established methods to estimate health utility using PROMIS. METHODS: We enrolled 439 patients with spine disease (mean age, 54 ± 18 years) presenting for surgery and assessed their health using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-12, version 2 (SF-12v2) and PROMIS domains...
January 7, 2019: Spine
David N Bernstein, Matthew St John, Paul T Rubery, Addisu Mesfin
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: 1) To assess the correlation between PROMIS Physical Function (PF) and Pain Interference (PI) in patients seeking spine care; 2) To assess the correlation between PROMIS PF and the Likert Pain Scale (LPS) in patients seeking spine care; 3) To determine which pain scale best correlates to physical function overall and by number of clinic visits. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: An accurate understanding of a patient's pain level is beneficial in setting clinical and pain management expectations...
January 7, 2019: Spine
Elliott J Kim, Silky Chotai, Joseph B Wick, Inamullah Khan, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Mohamad Bydon, Kristin R Archer, Clinton J Devin
STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively analyzes prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: Here in this study we aim to determine the factors which impact a patient's ability to RTW in the setting of cervical spine surgery in patients without worker's compensation status. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical management of degenerative cervical disease has proven cost-effectiveness and shown significant improvement in quality of life. However, the ability to return to work (RTW) is an important clinical outcome for preoperatively employed patients...
January 7, 2019: Spine
Akash Dipak Parekh, Robert J Amdur, William M Mendenhall, Christopher G Morris, Robert A Zlotecki
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective outcomes review. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and report long-term outcomes in a cohort of patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) for symptomatic hemangioma of a vertebral body. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Data are scarce on the rate of tumor control with long-term (>5 year) follow-up after RT for symptomatic hemangioma of a vertebral body. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients treated at our institution between 1971 and 2008 for symptomatic hemangioma of a vertebral body, updated their follow-up, analyzed complications, and calculated the tumor control rate...
January 7, 2019: Spine
Christopher P Ames, Justin S Smith, Ferran Pellisé, Michael Kelly, Ahmet Alanay, Emre Acaroğlu, Francisco Javier Sánchez Pérez-Grueso, Frank Kleinstück, Ibrahim Obeid, Alba Vila-Casademunt, Christopher I Shaffrey, Douglas Burton, Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Christopher I Shaffrey, Shay Bess, Miquel Serra-Burriel
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively-collected, multicenter adult spinal deformity (ASD) databases. OBJECTIVE: To apply artificial intelligence (AI)-based hierarchical clustering as a step toward a classification scheme that optimizes overall quality, value, and safety for ASD surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Prior ASD classifications have focused on radiographic parameters associated with patient reported outcomes. Recent work suggests there are many other impactful preoperative data points...
January 7, 2019: Spine
Markian A Pahuta, Eugene K Wai, Joel Werier, Carl van Walraven, Doug Coyle
STUDY DESIGN: General population utility valuation study OBJECTIVES.: This study obtained utility valuations from a Canadian general population perspective for 31 unique Metastatic Epidural Spinal Cord Compression (MESCC) health states and determined the relative importance of MESCC-related consequences on quality-of-life. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few prospective studies on the treatment of MESCC have collected quality-adjusted-life-year weights (termed "utilities")...
January 7, 2019: Spine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"