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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721844/sleep-problem-suicide-and-self-harm-in-university-students-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kirsten Russell, Stephanie Allan, Louise Beattie, Jason Bohan, Kenneth MacMahon, Susan Rasmussen
Suicide and self-harm behaviours represent public health concerns, and university students are a particularly high risk group. Identifying modifiable risk factors for the development and maintenance of suicidal thoughts and behaviours is a research priority, as prevention is crucial. Research examining the relationship between poor sleep and self-harm/suicidality within university students is, for the first time, systematically evaluated, critically appraised, and synthesised. This literature consistently demonstrates that insomnia and nightmares are associated with elevated suicide risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviours within this subpopulation of young adults...
January 23, 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685729/circulating-biomarkers-to-identify-cardiometabolic-complications-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Bernardo U Peres, A J Hirsch Allen, Nurit Fox, Ismail Laher, Patrick Hanly, Robert Skomro, Fernanda Almeida, Najib T Ayas
Untreated Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases such as diabetes and myocardial infarction. However, it is difficult to predict which patients are at particularly high risk. This systematic review aimed to identify potentially useful circulating biomarkers that could predict cardiometabolic complications in OSA. We searched Cochrane (EBM), EMBASE, Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. Search concepts included: "Obstructive Sleep Apnea", "Biomarkers" and "Risk-Stratification"...
December 27, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30731262/the-paradox-of-paradoxical-insomnia-a-theoretical-review-towards-a-unifying-evidence-based-definition
#3
REVIEW
Anna Castelnovo, Raffaele Ferri, Naresh M Punjabi, Vincenza Castronovo, Corrado Garbazza, Marco Zucconi, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Mauro Manconi
Paradoxical insomnia is one of the most intriguing yet challenging subtypes of insomnia. Despite being recognized for a long time by the international community, it is still unclear whether this entity really exists, which are its features and boundaries. Much of the debate is fuelled by the lack of a consensus on its precise definition. To help filling some of the existing gaps, a systematic review of the literature was conducted, through which 19 different quantitative definitions were obtained. These definitions were then applied to two distinct datasets...
December 25, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640161/contribution-of-sleep-deprivation-to-suicidal-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Alejandro Porras-Segovia, María M Pérez-Rodríguez, Pilar López-Esteban, Philippe Courtet, María L Barrigón M, Jorge López-Castromán, Jorge A Cervilla, Enrique Baca-García
Sleep disturbances and suicidal behaviour are highly prevalent phenomena, representing with a significant burden to society. Sleep has been acknowledged as a potential biomarker for suicidal behaviour. Over the past decade several studies have explored the association between sleep problems and suicidal behaviour. This area has attracted a growing research interest, hence updated information is needed. We therefore present a wide-scope review of the literature summarizing the most relevant studies on epidemiological and theoretical issues underlying this association...
December 11, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30598424/reply-to-micarelli-et-al-commentary-on-the-balance-of-sleep-role-of-the-vestibular-sensory-system
#5
LETTER
Stephane Besnard, Brahim Tighilet, Christian Chabbert, Martin Hitier, Joseph Toulouse, Anne Legall, Marie-Laure Machado, Paul F Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30594470/new-trends-in-otoneurological-dysfunctions-in-osa-patients-concerning-the-balance-of-sleep-role-of-the-vestibular-sensory-system
#6
LETTER
Marco Alessandrini, Andrea Viziano, Alessandro Micarelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30594004/sleep-talking-a-viable-access-to-mental-processes-during-sleep
#7
REVIEW
Valentina Alfonsi, Aurora D'Atri, Serena Scarpelli, Anastasia Mangiaruga, Luigi De Gennaro
Sleep talking is one of the most common altered nocturnal behaviours in the whole population. It does not represent a pathological condition and consists in the unaware production of vocalisations during sleep. Although in the last few decades we have experienced a remarkable increase in knowledge about cognitive processes and behavioural manifestations during sleep, the literature regarding sleep talking remains dated and fragmentary. We first provide an overview of historical and recent findings regarding sleep talking, and we then discuss the phenomenon in the context of mental activity during sleep...
December 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30573289/another-year-of-change-growing-impact-and-widening-readership
#8
EDITORIAL
Michael V Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30612061/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-implemented-in-primary-care-and-community-settings
#9
REVIEW
Janet M Y Cheung, Denise C Jarrin, Orlane Ballot, Annika A Bharwani, Charles M Morin
The advent of stepped-care and the need to disseminate cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has led to novel interventions, which capitalize on non-specialist venues and/or health personnel. However, the translatability of these CBT-I programs into practice is unknown. This review evaluates the current state of CBT-I programs that are directly implemented in primary care and/or community settings. A literature search was conducted through major electronic databases (N = 840) and through snowballing (n = 8)...
November 23, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30576943/sleep-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-down-syndrome-effects-on-behaviour-neurocognition-and-the-cardiovascular-system
#10
REVIEW
Rosemary Sc Horne, Poornima Wijayaratne, Gillian M Nixon, Lisa M Walter
Down syndrome (DS), the most common human chromosomal malformation, has an estimated annual incidence of one in 1000 live births worldwide. Sleep problems are common in children with DS, reported by parents in up to 65% of school-aged children, significantly higher rates than in typically developing (TD) children. Problems include difficulty in sleep initiation and maintenance together with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) which affects up to over 90%, of DS children compared with 1-5% in the general paediatric population...
November 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691658/the-power-of-pooled-analyses-to-inform-about-the-effects-of-cbti-on-outcomes-beyond-sleep
#11
EDITORIAL
Rachel Manber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579141/the-effect-of-non-pharmacological-sleep-interventions-on-depression-symptoms-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Brioney Gee, Faith Orchard, Emmet Clarke, Ansu Joy, Tim Clarke, Shirley Reynolds
Poor sleep is a significant risk factor for depression across the lifespan and sleep problems have been hypothesised to contribute to the onset and maintenance of depression symptoms. However, sleep problems are usually not a direct target of interventions for depression. A range of non-pharmacological treatments can reduce sleep problems but it is unclear whether these interventions also reduce other depression symptoms. The aim of this review was to examine whether non-pharmacological interventions for sleep problems are effective in reducing symptoms of depression...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30553183/the-influence-of-bed-sharing-on-infant-physiology-breastfeeding-and-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Sally A Baddock, Melissa T Purnell, Peter S Blair, Anna S Pease, Dawn E Elder, Barbara C Galland
This review aimed to better understand the underlying physiology of the risks and benefits of bed-sharing. Eight databases were searched using terms relating to adult-infant/baby, bed-sharing/co-sleeping combined with outcome terms for physiology, sleep, cardiovascular, respiratory, temperature and behaviour. Of 836 papers identified, 59 papers representing 48 cohorts met inclusion criteria. Objective data using various methodologies were available in 27 papers and subjective data in 32 papers. Diverse measures were reported using variable definitions of bed-sharing...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30537570/insomnia-as-a-predictor-of-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Elisabeth Hertenstein, Bernd Feige, Tabea Gmeiner, Christian Kienzler, Kai Spiegelhalder, Anna Johann, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Laura Palagini, Gerta Rücker, Dieter Riemann, Chiara Baglioni
Previous research has identified insomnia as a predictor for the onset of depression. The aim of this meta-analysis is to investigate whether insomnia also predicts the onset of other mental disorders. Longitudinal studies were eligible for inclusion if they investigated insomnia at baseline (including nighttime- and daytime-symptoms) as a predictor of the later onset of psychopathology within a follow-up time-frame of at least 12 mo. Thirteen primary studies were included. The results suggest that insomnia is a significant predictor for the onset of depression (10 studies, OR 2...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30537569/the-neurophysiological-and-neurochemical-effects-of-alcohol-on-the-brain-are-inconsistent-with-current-evidence-based-models-of-sleepwalking
#15
REVIEW
Mark R Pressman
The DSM-5 and ICSD-3 have removed alcohol from the list of potential triggers for sleepwalking due to the lack of empirical evidence. Recent imaging and EEG based studies of sleepwalking and confusional arousals have provided a more data-based method of examining if alcohol is compatible with what is known about the neurophysiology and neurochemistry of sleepwalking. These studies have demonstrated a deactivation of the frontal areas of the brain, while the cingulate or motor cortex remains active and characterized activation in the form of beta EEG...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30529430/what-works-for-jetlag-a-systematic-review-of-non-pharmacological-interventions
#16
REVIEW
Yu Sun Bin, Svetlana Postnova, Peter A Cistulli
Jetlag is a combination of travel fatigue and circadian misalignment resulting from air travel across time zones. Routinely recommended interventions based on circadian science include timely exposure to light and darkness (scheduled sleep), but the real-world effectiveness of these and other non-circadian strategies is unknown. We systematically reviewed the evidence for non-pharmacological interventions for jetlag. PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched. Studies reviewed 1) involved human participants undergoing air travel with a corresponding shift in the external light-dark cycle; 2) administered a non-pharmacological intervention; 3) had a control or comparison group; and 4) examined outcomes such as jetlag symptoms, sleep, cognitive/physical performance, mood, fatigue, or circadian markers...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30503716/the-risk-of-neurodegeneration-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Galbiati, Laura Verga, Enrico Giora, Marco Zucconi, Luigi Ferini-Strambi
Several studies report an association between REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD) and neurodegenerative diseases, in particular synucleinopathies. Interestingly, the onset of RBD precedes the development of neurodegeneration by several years. This review and meta-analysis aims to establish the rate of conversion of RBD into neurodegenerative diseases. Longitudinal studies were searched from the PubMed, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases. Using random-effect modeling, we performed a meta-analysis on the rate of RBD conversions into neurodegeneration...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30503715/neurobiological-and-immunogenetic-aspects-of-narcolepsy-implications-for-pharmacotherapy
#18
REVIEW
Steven T Szabo, Michael J Thorpy, Geert Mayer, John H Peever, Thomas S Kilduff
Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and cataplexy are common symptoms of narcolepsy, a sleep disorder associated with the loss of hypocretin/orexin (Hcrt) neurons. Although only a few drugs have received regulatory approval for narcolepsy to date, treatment involves diverse medications that affect multiple biochemical targets and neural circuits. Clinical trials have demonstrated efficacy for the following classes of drugs as narcolepsy treatments: alerting medications (amphetamine, methylphenidate, modafinil/armodafinil, solriamfetol [JZP-110]), antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), sodium oxybate, and the H3 -receptor inverse agonist/antagonist pitolisant...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30503714/comments-on-sleep-disturbances-increase-the-risk-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
LETTER
Anawin Sanguankeo, Sikarin Upala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30408706/the-psychological-wellbeing-outcomes-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-for-older-persons-with-insomnia-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Rotem Perach, Courtney K Allen, Ioanna Kapantai, Juan J Madrid-Valero, Eleanor Miles, Rebecca A Charlton, Alice M Gregory
Nonpharmacological treatment of insomnia in older persons has been associated with reduced insomnia symptoms and increased psychological wellbeing. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined whether nonpharmacological interventions can promote wellbeing indicators in older persons who experience insomnia symptoms and investigated the components of these interventions. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria. Psychological wellbeing outcomes included symptoms of depression, anxiety, mental health-related quality of life, and fatigue...
February 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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