Leila Salvesen, Elena Capriglia, Martin Dresler, Giulio Bernardi
Sleep is typically considered a state of disconnection from the environment, yet instances of external sensory stimuli influencing dreams have been reported for centuries. Explaining this phenomenon could provide valuable insight into dreams' generative and functional mechanisms, the factors that promote sleep continuity, and the processes that underlie conscious awareness. Moreover, harnessing sensory stimuli for dream engineering could benefit individuals suffering from dream-related alterations. This PRISMA-compliant systematic review assessed the current evidence concerning the influence of sensory stimulation on sleep mentation...
February 15, 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Florian Lecuelle, Wendy Leslie, Marie-Paule Gustin, Patricia Franco, Benjamin Putois
This literature review examines all treatments for behavioral insomnia in children under 6 years of age to determine which treatments have empirically demonstrated efficacy. Following PRISMA guidelines, three databases were investigated (Pubmed, Cochrane and Psychinfo) to select randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which assess treatments for behavioral insomnia in children under 6 years of age, all with neurotypical development. A total of 908 articles met the search criteria. 21 articles were selected and analyzed in their entirety for a total of 2363 children (ranging from 2 months to 6 years of age)...
February 14, 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Rosana Cid-Verdejo, Camilo Chávez Farías, Oliver Martínez-Pozas, Erika Meléndez Oliva, Juan Nicolás Cuenca-Zaldívar, Ignacio Ardizone García, Francisco J Martínez Orozco, Eleuterio A Sánchez Romero
This systematic review and meta-analysis (MA) aimed to evaluate the diagnostic validity of portable electromyography (EMG) diagnostic devices compared to the reference standard method polysomnography (PSG) in assessing sleep bruxism. This systematic review was completed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement and was registered with PROSPERO prior to the accomplishment of the main search. Ten clinical studies on humans, assessing the diagnostic accuracy of portable instrumental approaches with respect to PSG, were included in the review...
January 21, 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Anna Castelnovo, Matthias Schraemli, Carlos H Schenck, Mauro Manconi
This review critically analyzes the forensic application of the Parasomnia Defense in homicidal incidents, drawing from medical literature on disorders of arousal (DOA) and rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD). A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane databases was conducted until October 16, 2022. We screened English-language articles in peer-reviewed journals discussing murders committed during sleep with a Parasomnia Defense. We followed PRISMA guidelines, extracting event details, diagnosis methods, factors influencing the acts, perpetrator behavior, timing, motives, concealment, mental experiences, victim demographics, and court verdicts...
January 14, 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Huijun Yue, Zhuqi Chen, Wenbin Guo, Lin Sun, Yidan Dai, Yiming Wang, Wenjun Ma, Xiaomao Fan, Weiping Wen, Wenbin Lei
Over the past few decades, researchers have attempted to simplify and accelerate the process of sleep stage classification through various approaches; however, only a few such approaches have gained widespread acceptance. Artificial intelligence technology, particularly deep learning, is promising for earning the trust of the sleep medicine community in automated sleep-staging systems, thus facilitating its application in clinical practice and integration into daily life. We aimed to comprehensively review the latest methods that are applying deep learning for enhancing sleep staging efficiency and accuracy...
January 11, 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Marine Thieux, Aurore Guyon, Laurent Seugnet, Patricia Franco
Sleep disorders are commonplace in our modern societies. Specialized hospital departments are generally overloaded, and sleep assessment is an expensive process in terms of equipment, human resources, and time. Biomarkers would usefully complement current measures in the screening and follow-up of sleep disorders and their daytime repercussions. Among salivary markers, a growing body of literature suggests that salivary α-amylase (sAA) may be a cross-species marker of sleep debt. However, there is no consensus as to the direction of variation in sAA with sleep disorders...
December 22, 2023: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Manuel Angeles-Castellanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2023: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Zlatan Krizan, Nicholas A Boehm, Caroline B Strauel
Although sleep and emotional processes are recognized as mutually dependent, the causal impact of emotions on sleep has been comparatively neglected. To appraise evidence for the causal influence of emotions on sleep, a meta-analysis of the existing experimental literature evaluated the strength, form, and context of experimental effects of emotion inductions on sleep parameters (k = 31). Quality of experiments was evaluated, and theoretically-relevant features were extracted and examined as moderating factors of observed effects (i...
December 13, 2023: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Matthew Simonson, Yanliang Li, Bingqian Zhu, J Jason McAnany, Naricha Chirakalwasan, Thasarat Sutabutr Vajaranant, Erin C Hanlon, Silvana Pannain, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Sirimon Reutrakul
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most prevalent microvascular diabetic complications. Poor sleep health and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are risk factors for diabetes and poor glycemic control. Recent studies have suggested associations between poor sleep health/OSA and DR. Furthermore, there have been suggestions of melatonin dysregulation in the context of DR. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis exploring the associations between multidimensional sleep health (duration, satisfaction, efficiency, timing/regularity and alertness), OSA and melatonin with DR...
December 12, 2023: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Fei-Yi Zhao, Sarah J Spencer, Gerard A Kennedy, Zhen Zheng, Russell Conduit, Wen-Jing Zhang, Peijie Xu, Li-Ping Yue, Yan-Mei Wang, Yan Xu, Qiang-Qiang Fu, Yuen-Shan Ho
Primary insomnia (PI) is an increasing concern in modern society. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia is the first-line recommendation, yet limited availability and cost impede its widespread use. While hypnotics are frequently used, balancing their benefits against the risk of adverse events poses challenges. This review summarizes the clinical and preclinical evidence of acupuncture as a treatment for PI, discussing its potential mechanisms and role in reliving insomnia. Clinical trials show that acupuncture improves subjective sleep quality, fatigue, cognitive impairments, and emotional symptoms with minimal adverse events...
December 11, 2023: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Kathy C Richards, Nalaka Gooneratne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Michael V Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Régis Lopez, Yves Dauvilliers
NREM parasomnias are frequent and potentially disabling sleep disorders characterized by recurrent abnormal behaviors emerging from NREM sleep. Recently, several studies provided more detailed clinical and polysomnographic characterization of NREM parasomnia which may enhance the diagnostic process. Several revisions of the diagnostic criteria have been proposed in the classification of sleep disorders, the latest being ICSD-3-TR in 2023 with no changes on NREM parasomnias since ICSD-3 published in 2014. We performed an extensive literature review to assess the evidence on the procedure of its diagnosis...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Henri Korkalainen, Samu Kainulainen, Anna Sigridur Islind, María Óskarsdóttir, Christian Strassberger, Sami Nikkonen, Juha Töyräs, Antti Kulkas, Ludger Grote, Jan Hedner, Reijo Sund, Harald Hrubos-Strom, Jose M Saavedra, Kristín Anna Ólafsdóttir, Jón S Ágústsson, Philip I Terrill, Walter T McNicholas, Erna Sif Arnardóttir, Timo Leppänen
Sleep-disordered breathing, ranging from habitual snoring to severe obstructive sleep apnea, is a prevalent public health issue. Despite rising interest in sleep and awareness of sleep disorders, sleep research and diagnostic practices still rely on outdated metrics and laborious methods reducing the diagnostic capacity and preventing timely diagnosis and treatment. Consequently, a significant portion of individuals affected by sleep-disordered breathing remain undiagnosed or are misdiagnosed. Taking advantage of state-of-the-art scientific, technological, and computational advances could be an effective way to optimize the diagnostic and treatment pathways...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Bartłomiej Błaszczyk, Helena Martynowicz, Mieszko Więckiewicz, Marcin Straburzyński, Mariola Antolak, Sławomir Budrewicz, Martyna Staszkiewicz, Anna Kopszak, Marta Waliszewska-Prosół
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common sleep disorders; however, there are inconsistent results about the connection and occurrence of primary and secondary headaches in OSA. Therefore, the primary objectives were to estimate the prevalence and potential relationship between all types of headaches and OSA. A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA 2020 guidelines. Studies were searched in PubMed, Embase, and Web of science up to July 2023. The Joanna Briggs Institute tool assessed the risk of bias...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Giulia Aquino, Fee Benz, Raphael J Dressle, Angelo Gemignani, Gaspare Alfì, Laura Palagini, Kai Spiegelhalder, Dieter Riemann, Bernd Feige
Insomnia disorder signifies a major public health concern. The development of neuroimaging techniques has permitted to investigate brain mechanisms at a structural and functional level. The present systematic review aims at shedding light on functional, structural, and metabolic substrates of insomnia disorder by integrating the available published neuroimaging data. The databases PubMed, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science were searched for case-control studies comparing neuroimaging data from insomnia patients and healthy controls...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Philip Lewis, Ursula Wild, J Jane Pillow, Russell G Foster, Thomas C Erren
A Cochrane 2016 review indicated cycled light might benefit neonatal health in hospital. We systematically reviewed chronobiological factors for neonatal health in hospital units, identifying 56 relevant studies on light-dark cycles, feeding, noise, massage therapy, rooming-in, incubators vs. cribs, neonatal units vs. homes, and time-of-day of birth. Empirical evidence for benefits from chronobiology is weaker than expected, including light. Mechanisms of clinical benefits are unclear (e.g., changes to sleep/activity vs...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Mehmet K Arıkan, Ömer Uysal, Şakir Gıca, Özden Orhan, Reyhan İlhan, Muhammed T Esmeray, Hasan Bakay, Barış Metin, Oliver Pogarell, Şenol Turan
Previous studies revealed that rapid eye movement (REM) parameters, such as REM latency (RL) and REM density (RD) could be used as electrophysiological markers of depression. Yet these finding should be re-tested in a comorbid-free and drug-free sample. The present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate whether drug-free and comorbid-free patients with unipolar depression differentiate from controls with respect to the RL and RD. The PubMed and Web of Science databases were screened from inception to 23 January 2023 for case-control studies comparing RL and RD of patients with unipolar depression and controls...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Solveig Magnusdottir, Elizabeth A Hill
Untreated pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with significant morbidities affecting behavior, neurocognitive development, endocrine and metabolic health. This systematic review evaluated prevalence of OSA reported in population-based studies among preschoolers as early intervention may have positive effects on health and quality of life. Thirty studies were included. High degrees of heterogeneity in methods and definitions were observed between the studies. Seven studies confirmed OSA by implementing objective methods after screening for habitual snoring with only two studies utilizing polysomnography, the reference standard, testing 1...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Cerys Oliver, Haoxuan Li, Bijetri Biswas, David Woodstoke, Jonathan Blackman, Anneka Butters, Cheney Drew, Victoria Gabb, Sam Harding, Camilla M Hoyos, Adrian Kendrick, Sarah Rudd, Nicholas Turner, Elizabeth Coulthard
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is highly prevalent in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The gold standard treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Long-term, well-powered efficacy trials are required to understand whether CPAP could slow cognitive decline in individuals with MCI/AD, but its tolerability in this group remains uncertain. The present review investigates CPAP adherence among individuals with OSA and MCI/AD. Electronic searches were performed on 8 databases...
February 2024: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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