journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442597/external-validation-of-the-tips65-score-for-predicting-good-neurological-outcomes-in-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuto Makino, Yohei Okada, Taro Irisawa, Tomoki Yamada, Kazuhisa Yoshiya, Changhwi Park, Tetsuro Nishimura, Takuya Ishibe, Hitoshi Kobata, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Masafumi Kishimoto, Sung-Ho Kim, Yusuke Ito, Taku Sogabe, Takaya Morooka, Haruko Sakamoto, Keitaro Suzuki, Atsunori Onoe, Tasuku Matsuyama, Satoshi Matsui, Norihiro Nishioka, Satoshi Yoshimura, Shunsuke Kimata, Shunsuke Kawai, Ling Zha, Kosuke Kiyohara, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Taku Iwami
AIM: Estimating prognosis of patients treated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is essential for selecting candidates. The TiPS65 score can predict neurological outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) treated with ECPR. We aimed to perform an external validation of this score. METHODS: Data from the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest registry, a multicentred, nationwide, prospectively registered database, were analysed...
November 25, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442596/time-in-therapeutic-range-for-targeted-temperature-management-and-outcomes-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kevin M Wheelock, Paul S Chan, Lian Chen, James A de Lemos, P Elliott Miller, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Saket Girotra, Rohan Khera
OBJECTIVE: For comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), current guidelines recommend targeted temperature management (TTM) with a goal temperature of 32°C - 36°C for at least 24 hours. We examined adherence to temperature targets, quantified as time-in-therapeutic range (TTR), and association of TTR with survival and neurologic outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium-Continuous Chest Compressions trial, including adults with OHCA who underwent TTM for >12 hours...
November 25, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442595/acute-lung-injury-and-recovery-in-patients-with-refractory-vt-vf-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-prolonged-cpr-and-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alejandra Gutierrez, Rajat Kalra, Andrea M Elliott, Alexandra Marquez, Demetris Yannopoulos, Jason A Bartos
AIM: Describe the lung injury patterns among patients presenting with refractory ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (VT/VF OHCA) supported with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) facilitated resuscitation. METHODS: In this retrospective single-center cohort study including VT/VF OHCA patients supported with VA ECMO, we compared OHCA characteristics, post-arrest computed tomography (CT) scans, ventilator parameters, and other lung-related pathology between survivors, patients who developed brain death, and those with other causes of death...
November 25, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36436692/-is-all-bystander-cpr-created-equal-further-considerations-in-sex-differences-in-cardiac-arrest-outcomes
#4
EDITORIAL
Sarah M Perman, Melissa A Vogelsong, Marina Del Rios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36423738/therapeutic-opportunities-for-cerebral-edema-after-resuscitation
#5
EDITORIAL
David B Seder, Sergey Ryzhov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36423737/development-of-the-epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-using-data-from-the-german-resuscitation-register-over-a-15-year-period-epicpr-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Iryna Hubar, Matthias Fischer, Tobias Monaco, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Ralf Westenfeld, Michael Bernhard
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest is a relevant problem with a significant number of deaths in Europe. AIM: Using data from the German Resuscitation Register (GRR), we examined changes in epidemiology and therapeutic interventions over a 15-year period in order to identify key factors contributing to favourable outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: GRR data were analysed in 5-year periods (2006-2010 vs. 2011-2015 vs...
November 21, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36410605/anteroposterior-pacer-pad-position-is-better-than-anterolateral-for-transcutaneous-cardiac-pacing
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Siamak Moayedi, Priya Patel, Nicholas Brady, Michael Witting, Timm-Michael L Dickfeld
INTRODUCTION: Transcutaneous cardiac pacing (TCP) is a lifesaving procedure for patients with certain types of unstable bradycardia. We aimed to assess the difference in the pacing thresholds between the anteroposterior (AP) and anterolateral (AL) pacer pad positions. The second aim was to characterize the severity of chest wall muscle contractions during TCP. METHODS: In this prospective crossover trial, we enrolled patients presenting to the electrophysiology laboratory for elective cardioversion...
November 18, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36410604/evaluating-novel-methods-of-outcome-assessment-following-cardiac-arrest
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noah Krampe, Nicholas Case, Jon C Rittenberger, Joseph P Condle, Ankur A Doshi, Katharyn L Flickinger, Clifton Callaway, David Wallace, Jonathan Elmer
INTRODUCTION: We compared novel methods of long-term follow-up after resuscitation from cardiac arrest to a query of the National Death Index (NDI). We hypothesized use of the electronic health record (EHR), and internet-based sources would have high sensitivity for identifying decedents identified by the NDI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study including patients treated after cardiac arrest at a single academic center from 2010 to 2018. We evaluated two novel methods to ascertain long-term survival and modified Rankin Scale (mRS): 1) a structured chart review of our health system's EHR; and 2) an internet-based search of: a) local newspapers, b) Ancestry...
November 18, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36410603/outcomes-associated-with-intra-arrest-hyperoxaemia-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-registry-based-cohort-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junichi Izawa, Sho Komukai, Norihiro Nishioka, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Taku Iwami
BACKGROUND: An association between post-arrest hyperoxaemia and worse outcomes has been reported for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients, but little is known about the relationship between intra-arrest hyperoxaemia and clinically relevant outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the association between intra-arrest hyperoxaemia and outcomes for OHCA patients. METHODS: This was an observational study using a registry database of OHCA cases that occurred between 2014 and 2017 in Japan...
November 18, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36403822/the-amount-of-calcium-in-calcium-chloride-is-there-a-need-to-clarify-emergency-treatment-of-hyperkalaemia-algorithm
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Putowski Mateusz, Jaskuła Jerzy, Woroń Jarosław
European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines emphasize a rapid administration of calcium chloride (10ml 10% CaCl2) to protect the myocardium in the hyperkalaemia algorithm. However, calcium chloride preparations available in European markets vary from country to country. In our opinion, the drug dose recommended in the guidelines should not raise questions about the volume and amount of calcium in the intravenous supply and should be unambiguous to minimize the risk of error...
November 17, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36403821/sodium-bicarbonate-administration-is-associated-with-improved-survival-in-asystolic-and-pea-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sara M Niederberger, Remle P Crowe, David D Salcido, James J Menegazzi
BACKGROUND: Sodium bicarbonate ("bicarb") administration in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is intended to counteract acidosis, although there is limited clinical evidence to support its routine administration. We sought to analyze the association of bicarb with resuscitation outcomes in non-traumatic OHCA. METHODS: Records were obtained from the 2019-2020 ESO Data Collaborative prehospital electronic health record database, spanning 1,322 agencies in 50 states...
November 17, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36403820/effect-of-calcium-in-patients-with-pulseless-electrical-activity-and-electrocardiographic-characteristics-potentially-associated-with-hyperkalemia-and-ischemia-sub-study-of-the-calcium-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-coca-trial
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mikael Fink Vallentin, Amalie Ling Povlsen, Asger Granfeldt, Christian Juhl Terkelsen, Lars W Andersen
OBJECTIVE: The Calcium for Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest (COCA) trial was recently conducted and published. This pre-planned sub-study evaluated the effect of calcium in patients with pulseless electrical activity (PEA) including subgroup analyses based on electrocardiographic characteristics potentially associated with hyperkalemia and ischemia. METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 18 years were included if they had a non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and received adrenaline...
November 17, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36396011/benign-eeg-for-prognostication-of-favorable-outcome-after-cardiac-arrest-a-reappraisal
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hélène Fenter, Nawfel Ben-Hamouda, Jan Novy, Andrea O Rossetti
AIM: The current EEG role for prognostication after cardiac arrest (CA) essentially aims at reliably identifying patients with poor prognosis ("highly malignant" patterns, defined by Westhall et al. in 2014). Conversely, "benign EEGs", defined by the absence of elements of "highly malignant" and "malignant" categories, has limited sensitivity in detecting good prognosis. We postulate that a less stringent "benign EEG" definition would improve sensitivity to detect patients with favorable outcomes...
November 14, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36396010/specific-theorical-and-practical-education-on-mechanical-chest-compression-during-advanced-life-support-training-courses-results-from-a-local-experience
#14
LETTER
Fausto D'Agostino, Felice Eugenio Agrò, Pierfrancesco Fusco, Claudio Ferri, Giuseppe Ristagno
Specific training modules focusing on mechanical chest compression and device use might be considered in a structured manner during the standard advanced life support (ALS) courses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a specific brief 15 min training on the use of a specific mechanical CPR device during Advanced Cardiac Life Support courses on its correct use and on attendees' satisfaction.
November 14, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36396009/mass-casualty-cpr-flawed-futile-or-a-first-responder-mandate
#15
LETTER
Fredrik Granholm, Derrick Tin, Gregory R Ciottone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36375653/do-changes-in-ssep-amplitude-over-time-predict-the-outcome-of-comatose-survivors-of-cardiac-arrest
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maenia Scarpino, Francesco Lolli, Giovanni Lanzo, Riccardo Carrai, Maddalena Spalletti, Franco Valzania, Maria Lombardi, Daniela Audenino, Sara Contardi, Maria Grazia Celani, Alfonso Marrelli, Oriano Mecarelli, Chiara Minardi, Fabio Minicucci, Lucia Politini, Eugenio Vitelli, Adriano Peris, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo, Claudio Sandroni
AIM: To assess if the amplitude of the N20 wave (N20Amp) of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) changes between 12-24h and 72h from the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest and if an N20Amp decrease predicts poor neurological outcome (CPC 3-5) at six months. Setting retrospective analysis of the ProNeCA multicentre prognostication study dataset. (NCT03849911). METHODS: In adult comatose cardiac arrest survivors whose SSEPs were recorded at both 12-24h and 72h after ROSC, we measured the median N20Amp at each timepoint and the individual change in N20Amp across the two timepoints...
November 11, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36375652/performance-of-the-medical-priority-dispatch-system-in-correctly-classifying-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-as-appropriate-for-resuscitation
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Justin Yap, Jennie Helmer, Marc Gessaroli, Jacob Hutton, Laiba Khan, Frank Scheuermeyer, Nechelle Wall, Jennie Bolster, Sean van Deipen, Joseph Puyat, Michael Asamoah-Boaheng, Ron Straight, Jim Christenson, Brian Grunau
BACKGROUND: Emergency dispatch centres receive emergency calls and assign resources. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) can be classified as appropriate (requiring emergent response) or inappropriate (requiring non-emergent response) for resuscitation. We sought to determine system accuracy in emergency medical services (EMS) OHCA response allocation. METHODS: We analyzed EMS-assessed non-traumatic OHCA records from the British Columbia (BC) Cardiac Arrest registry (January 1, 2019-June 1, 2021), excluding EMS-witnessed cases...
November 11, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36370895/demystifying-non-shockable-rhythms-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#18
EDITORIAL
Marinos Kosmopoulos Md, Demetris Yannopoulos Md
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36336197/alignment-of-targeted-temperature-management-treatment-with-patients-mortality-risk-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dan D Nguyen, John A Spertus, Anezi I Uzendu, Kevin F Kennedy, Bryan F McNally, Paul S Chan
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether TTM treatment was aligned with predicted mortality risk in patients with resuscitated OHCA during a period when it was a class I guideline recommended therapy. METHODS: Within the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival for OHCA, we identified adult patients with OHCA who survived to hospital admission and were presumed eligible for TTM. Multivariable models were constructed using pre-hospital variables to predict in-hospital death in patients with shockable and non-shockable rhythms...
November 3, 2022: Resuscitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36336196/limbic-pathway-vulnerability-associates-with-neurologic-outcome-in-children-after-cardiac-arrest
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica M Jarvis, Joy Roy, Vanessa Schmithorst, Vince Lee, Danielle Devine, Benjamin Meyers, Neil Munjal, Robert S B Clark, Patrick M Kochanek, Ashok Panigrahy, Rafael Ceschin, Ericka L Fink
AIM: To analyze whether brain connectivity sequences including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) identify vulnerable brain regions and networks associated with neurologic outcome after pediatric cardiac arrest. METHODS: Children aged 2 d-17 y with cardiac arrest were enrolled in one of 2 parent studies at a single center. Clinically indicated brain MRI with DTI and rsfMRI and performed within 2 weeks after arrest were analyzed...
November 3, 2022: Resuscitation
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