Silvio Tartaglia, Chiara Di Ilio, Federica Romanzi, Sascia Moresi, Eleonora Nardi, Elisa Bevilacqua, Vincenzo Arena, Antonio Lanzone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2024: Placenta
Jin Zhang, Lingnan Kong, Feifei Qu, Ting Chen, Xin Zhou, Zhiping Ge, Bai Jin, Xuan Zhang, Meng Zhao
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to identify factors predictive of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in patients with placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters. METHOD: Fifty-six normal singleton pregnancies at 33-39 weeks of gestation underwent MRI examination at 1.5 T. The IVIM parameters were obtained from the placenta. The correlation between the f value and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and between the f value and transfused units of red blood cells (RBCs) was estimated by linear regression...
April 14, 2024: Placenta
Edward Frew, Rebecca Sainty, Louise Chappell-Maor, Caitlin Bone, Dagne Daskeviciute, Sarah Russell, Claudia Buhigas, Isabel Iglesias-Platas, Jon Lartey, David Monk
INTRODUCTION: Placenta-associated pregnancy complications, including pre-eclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are conditions postulated to originate from initial failure of placentation, leading to clinical sequelae indicative of endothelial dysfunction. Vascular smooth muscle aberrations have also been implicated in the pathogenesis of both disorders via smooth muscle contractility and relaxation mediated by Myosin Light Chain Phosphatase (MLCP) and the oppositional contractile action of Myosin Light Chain Kinase...
April 9, 2024: Placenta
Shevaun M Teo, Ricardo Segurado, John Mehegan, Alexander Douglass, Celine M Murrin, Martina Cronin, Cecily C Kelleher, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Catherine M Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Maternal social disadvantage adversely affects maternal and offspring health, with limited research on placental outcomes. Therefore, we examined maternal sociodemographic factor associations with placental and birth outcomes in general (Lifeways Cross-Generation Cohort) and at-risk (PEARS Study of mothers with overweight or obesity) populations of pregnant women. METHODS: TwoStep cluster analysis profiled Lifeways mothers (n = 250) based on their age, parity, marital status, household income, private healthcare insurance, homeowner status, and education...
April 7, 2024: Placenta
Lanlan Yin, Yanru Niu, Xiudan Zheng, Jiaqi Chu, Tianzhong Ma
INTRODUCTION: Does an elevation in d-Galactose (D-Gal) levels within the body contribute to abnormal embryonic development and placental dysfunction during pregnancy? METHODS: Mouse embryos were cultivated to the blastocyst stage under varying concentrations of D-Gal. The blastocyst formation rate was measured, and the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), and forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) in blastocysts were assessed. Mice were intraperitoneally injected with either saline or D-Gal with or without SRT1720...
April 6, 2024: Placenta
William R Cooke, Wei Zhang, Neva Kandzija, Gabriel Davis Jones, Christopher Wg Redman, Manu Vatish
Syncytiotrophoblast-derived extracellular vesicles (STB-EVs) have an important role in placental research: both as mediators of feto-maternal signalling and as liquid biopsies reflecting placental health. Recent evidence highlights the importance of STB-EV RNA. Isolation of STB-EV RNA from maternal blood is therefore an important challenge. We describe a novel technique where we first separate medium-large particles from plasma using centrifugation then use a highly specific bead-bound antibody to placental alkaline phosphatase to separate STB-EVs from other similar-sized particles...
April 4, 2024: Placenta
Daniel Seiter, Ruiming Chen, Kai D Ludwig, Ante Zhu, Dinesh Shah, Oliver Wieben, Kevin M Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Proper placental development is crucial to fetal health but is challenging to functionally assess non-invasively and is thus poorly characterized in populations. Body mass index (BMI) has been linked with adverse outcomes, but the causative mechanism is uncertain. Velocity-selective arterial spin labeling (VS-ASL) MRI provides a method to non-invasively measure placental perfusion with robustness to confounding transit time delays. In this study, we report on the measurement of perfusion in the human placenta in early pregnancy using velocity-selective arterial spin labeling (VS-ASL) MRI, comparing non-obese and obese participants...
April 3, 2024: Placenta
Valentina Origüela, Patricia Ferrer-Aguilar, Antonio Gázquez, Miriam Pérez-Cruz, María Dolores Gómez-Roig, Carolina Gómez-Llorente, Elvira Larqué
INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) may affect placental transfer of key nutrients to the fetus, such as the fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Major facilitator superfamily domain containing 2A (MFSD2A) has been described as a specific DHA carrier in placenta, but its expression has not been studied in FGR. The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the placental MFSD2A levels in late-FGR pregnancies and the maternal and cord plasma DHA. METHODS: 87 pregnant women from a tertial reference center were classified into late-FGR (N = 18) or control (N = 69)...
April 3, 2024: Placenta
Yang Zhang, Yanqi Zhong, Zhicheng Yu, Xiangwei Cheng, Li Zou, Xiaoxia Liu
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) is a severe obstetric complication closely associated with placental dysfunction. Placental mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (PMSCs) modulate placental development while PE PMSCs are excessively senescent to disturb placental function. Nevertheless, the senescence mechanism of PE PMSCs remains unclear. METHODS: PE-related single-cell RNA sequencing datasets (GSE173193), data of chip detection (GSE99007) and bulk transcriptome RNA sequencing datasets (GSE75010) were extracted from the GEO database...
April 2, 2024: Placenta
Laurent Galineau, Alexandra Bourdin-Pintueles, Sylvie Bodard, Julie Busson, Lydie Nadal-Desbarats, Antoine Lefèvre, Patrick Emond, Sylvie Mavel
INTRODUCTION: During pregnancy, the dynamic metabolic demands for fetal growth require a continuous supply of essential metabolites. Understanding maternal metabolome changes during gestation is crucial for predicting disease risks in neonates. METHODS: The study aimed to characterize the placental and amniotic fluid (AF) metabolomes during gestation in rats at gestational days GD-13 and 19 reflecting the end of the embryonic and fetal periods, respectively, and the maternal plasma, using metabolomics (LC-MS) and chemometrics...
March 30, 2024: Placenta
S C Glättli, F A Elzinga, W van der Bijl, H G D Leuvenink, J R Prins, H van Goor, S J Gordijn, P Olinga, D J Touw, P Mian
The ex vivo human placenta perfusion model has proven to be clinically relevant to study transfer- and fetal exposure of various drugs. Although the method has existed for a long period, the setup of the perfusion model has not been generalized yet. This review aims to summarize the setups of ex vivo placental perfusion models used to examine drug transfer across the placenta to identify generalized properties and differences across setups. A literature search was carried out in PubMed September 26, 2022. Studies were labeled as relevant when information was reported, between 2000 and 2022, on the setups of ex vivo placental perfusion models used to study drug transfer across the placenta...
March 23, 2024: Placenta
Amy E Flowers, Tania L Gonzalez, Yizhou Wang, Chintda Santiskulvong, Ekaterina L Clark, Allynson Novoa, Caroline A Jefferies, Kate Lawrenson, Jessica L Chan, Nikhil V Joshi, Yazhen Zhu, Hsian-Rong Tseng, Erica T Wang, Mariko Ishimori, S Ananth Karumanchi, John Williams, Margareta D Pisarska
INTRODUCTION: Fetal sex affects fetal and maternal health outcomes in pregnancy, but this connection remains poorly understood. As the placenta is the route of fetomaternal communication and derives from the fetal genome, placental gene expression sex differences may explain these outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We utilized next generation sequencing to study the normal human placenta in both sexes in first and third trimester to generate a normative transcriptome based on sex and gestation...
March 21, 2024: Placenta
M M Van Vliet, S Schoenmakers, B Haug, S Willemsen, R P M Steegers-Theunissen
INTRODUCTION: Despite a noticeable trend of delayed fatherhood, less is known about the impact of paternal age on the paternally programmed placenta. We hypothesize that paternal aging affects seminal quality and as such induces ageing-related epigenetic alterations that influence placental growth. Our main aim is to investigate associations between paternal age and first trimester (vascular) placental growth trajectories. METHODS: Pregnant women were enrolled before 10 weeks of gestation in the Rotterdam Periconceptional Cohort (Predict study)...
March 21, 2024: Placenta
Suchaya Luewan, Nattayaporn Apaijai, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn Chattipakorn, Theera Tongsong
INTRODUCTION: The studies about effect of fetal anemia on placental and maternal molecular changes have rarely been published. This study aimed to compare oxidative stress levels and mitochondrial function in the placenta and maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PMBCs) between anemic fetuses (using fetal Hb Bart's disease as a study model) and non-anemic fetuses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on pregnancies affected by Hb Bart's disease and non-anemic fetuses between 16 and 22 weeks of gestation...
March 21, 2024: Placenta
Silvio Tartaglia, Chiara Di Ilio, Federica Romanzi, Sascia Moresi, Eleonora Nardi, Elisa Bevilacqua, Vincenzo Arena, Antonio Lanzone
UNLABELLED: 1. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection on placental histopathology in pregnant women, comparing outcomes between vaccinated and non-vaccinated individuals. Despite known adverse pregnancy outcomes linked to SARS-CoV-2 infection, the specific effects on the placenta remain unclear. Although vaccination has demonstrated a substantial reduction in infection severity, its impact on placental health requires more insight...
March 14, 2024: Placenta
Samantha G Zambuto, Adrienne K Scott, Michelle L Oyen
This review considers fully three-dimensional biomaterial environments of varying complexity as these pertain to research on the placenta. The developments in placental cell sources are first considered, along with the corresponding maternal cells with which the trophoblast interact. We consider biomaterial sources, including hybrid and composite biomaterials. Properties and characterization of biomaterials are discussed in the context of material design for specific placental applications. The development of increasingly complicated three-dimensional structures includes examples of advanced fabrication methods such as microfluidic device fabrication and 3D bioprinting, as utilized in a placenta context...
March 14, 2024: Placenta
Mayuri Bora, Sushmita Singha, Taruna Madan, Gitanjali Deka, Sumita Gogoi Hazarika, Shashi Baruah
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous abortion (SAB) affects approximately 10% of clinically recognized pregnancies. Fetal trophobalst invasion and remodeling of maternal spiral arteries is reported to be dependent on crosstalk between HLA-C/HLA-G expressed on extra villous trophoblast (EVTs)and Killer cell Immunoglobin like receptors (KIRs) of decidual NK (dNK). Immune dysfunction in decidua contributes to early miscarriage. METHODOLOGY: The study used mother neonate paired cord blood and term placenta samples (n = 46), elective abortus (n = 17,gestational age = 10-12 weeks of pregnancy) and SAB abortus (n = 24, gestational age = 12-15 weeks of pregnancy) for HLA-G, KIR2D and HLA-C...
March 11, 2024: Placenta
J Y Chen, B L Yu, X J Wu, Y F Li, L Y Zhong, M Chen
INTRODUCTION: To longitudinally and cross-sectionally study the differences in the uterine artery pulsatility index (UTPI), umbilical artery pulsatility index (UAPI) and placental vascularization indices (PVIs, derived from 3-dimensional power Doppler) between normal and placental insufficiency pregnancies throughout gestation. METHODS: UTPI, UAPI and PVI were measured 6 times at 4- to 5- week intervals from 11 to 13+6 weeks-36 weeks. Preeclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) were defined as placental insufficiency...
March 11, 2024: Placenta
Jianwei Liu, Xinyue Dong, Ru Xie, Ying Tang, Aline M Thomas, Shen Li, Shuai Liu, Ming Yu, Huamin Qin
INTRODUCTION: Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) encompasses a spectrum of rare pre-malignant and malignant entities originating from trophoblastic tissue, including partial hydatidiform mole, complete hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma. β-galactoside α2,6 sialyltransferase 1 (ST6Gal1), the primary sialyltransferase responsible for the addition of α2,6 sialic acids, is strongly associated with the occurrence and development of several tumor types. However, the role of ST6Gal1/α2,6 -sialylation of trophoblast cells in GTD is still not well understood...
March 11, 2024: Placenta
Sadia Firoza Chowdhury, Nashae Prout, Zorimar Rivera-Núñez, Emily Barrett, Jessica Brunner, Zoe Duberstein, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Carolyn M Salafia, Ruchit Shah, Richard K Miller, Thomas G O'Connor
INTRODUCTION: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are synthetic chemicals used in industrial and consumer goods that are widely detected in human populations and are associated with adverse health outcomes, including perinatal health risks and child health. One mechanism of influence may be the impact of PFAS exposure on placental structure and function. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between maternal prenatal exposure to PFAS and measures of placental vascularization, and to assess whether changes in vascularization play a role in mediating the impact of PFAS on birth outcomes...
March 9, 2024: Placenta
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