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Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30874317/exploring-the-relationship-between-macroeconomic-factors-and-perinatal-outcomes
#1
Stavros Petrou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30811055/opposing-or-complementary-perspectives-perinatal-outcomes-causality-and-time-zero
#2
Jonathan M Snowden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30790331/associations-of-antepartum-suicidal-behaviour-with-adverse-infant-and-obstetric-outcomes
#3
Qiu-Yue Zhong, Bizu Gelaye, Elizabeth W Karlson, Paul Avillach, Jordan W Smoller, Tianxi Cai, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about antepartum suicidal behaviour and pregnancy outcomes. We examined associations of antepartum suicidal behaviour, alone and in combination with psychiatric disorders, with adverse infant and obstetric outcomes. METHODS: We included 188 925 singleton livebirths from a retrospective cohort (1996-2016). Suicidal behaviour, psychiatric disorders, and outcomes were derived from electronic medical records. We performed multivariable logistic regressions with generalised estimating equations to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
February 20, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714177/relative-effects-of-postnatal-rapid-growth-and-maternal-factors-on-early-childhood-growth-trajectories
#4
Miaobing Zheng, Steven J Bowe, Kylie D Hesketh, Kristy Bolton, Rachel Laws, Peter Kremer, Ken K Ong, Sandrine Lioret, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: A range of postnatal and maternal factors influences childhood obesity, but their relative importance remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the relative impact of postnatal rapid growth and maternal factors on early childhood growth trajectories. SUBJECTS: Secondary longitudinal analysis of pooled data from the Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program and the InFANT Extend Program (n = 977) was performed. Children's height and weight were collected at birth, 3, 9, 18, and 36/42 months...
February 4, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706501/the-prevalence-of-infertility-in-american-indian-alaska-natives-and-other-racial-ethnic-groups-national-survey-of-family-growth
#5
LaTasha B Craig, Jennifer D Peck, Amanda E Janitz
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of infertility in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations is unknown. The objective of our study was to estimate the prevalence of infertility and impaired fecundity in the AI/AN population and other racial and ethnic groups. METHODS: We analyzed female respondent data from the pooled National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) cycles 2002, 2006-2010, and 2011-2013. We used modified Poisson regression with robust error variance accounting for survey weighting to estimate prevalence proportion ratios (PPR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for NSFG definitions of infertility and impaired fecundity by race and Hispanic ethnicity...
January 31, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675915/economic-conditions-during-pregnancy-and-preterm-birth-a-maternal-fixed-effects-analysis
#6
Claire E Margerison, Zhehui Luo, Yu Li
BACKGROUND: Making causal inference regarding impacts of macrolevel economic conditions during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes is hampered by the presence of unmeasured variables that may influence women's probability of giving birth under certain economic conditions (ie, exposure) as well as her pregnancy outcomes. Maternal fixed-effects (FE) analyses, in which the association between exposure and outcomes is estimated within mothers who had discordant outcomes, can control for such unmeasured variables when they are invariant across pregnancies...
January 24, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671994/towards-a-unified-perinatal-theory-reconciling-the-births-based-and-fetus-at-risk-models-of-perinatal-mortality
#7
K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: There is a need to reconcile the opposing perspectives of the births-based and fetuses-at-risk models of perinatal mortality and to formulate a coherent and unified perinatal theory. METHODS: Information on births in the United States from 2004 to 2015 was used to calculate gestational age-specific perinatal death rates for low- and high-risk cohorts. Cubic splines were fitted to the fetuses-at-risk birth and perinatal death rates, and first and second derivatives were estimated...
January 22, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663124/mother-s-age-at-delivery-and-daughters-risk-of-preeclampsia
#8
Olga Basso, Clarice R Weinberg, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND: Some cardiovascular disease risk factors are associated with both risk of preeclampsia and having been born to a younger or older mother. We examined whether mother's age at delivery predicts a primiparous daughter's risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: The analysis included 39 803 Sister Study participants (designated as "daughters") born between 1930 and 1974. Using log-binomial regression, we estimated relative risks (RR) of preeclampsia in the first pregnancy ending in birth ("primiparous preeclampsia") associated with mother's age at the daughter's birth...
January 20, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30633370/maternal-obesity-and-severe-maternal-morbidity-it-is-time-to-ask-new-research-questions
#9
Andreea A Creanga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632180/neighbourhood-assets-and-early-pregnancy-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#10
Vanessa Assibey-Mensah, Anthony Fabio, Dara D Mendez, Pei-Chen Lee, James M Roberts, Janet M Catov
BACKGROUND: Prepregnancy cardiometabolic risk factors are associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Neighbourhood features may reflect prepregnancy exposures that contribute to poor cardiometabolic health before pregnancy and may contribute to racial disparities in pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Early pregnancy measurements from 1504 women enrolled in the Prenatal Exposures and Preeclampsia Prevention study were linked to a 2000 Census-based measure of neighbourhood socio-economic status and commercial data (food, alcohol, and retail density) during 1997-2001...
January 10, 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698889/understanding-country-specific-determinants-of-stillbirth-using-household-surveys-the-case-of-afghanistan
#11
Aliki Christou, Michael J Dibley, Mohammad Hafiz Rasooly, Adela Mubasher, Sayed Murtaza Sadat Hofiani, Mohammad Khakerah Rashidi, Patrick J Kelly, Camille Raynes-Greenow
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth rates in Afghanistan have declined little in the past decade with no data available on key risk factors. Health care utilisation and maternal complications are important factors influencing pregnancy outcomes but rarely captured for stillbirth in national surveys from low- and middle-income countries. The 2010 Afghanistan Mortality Survey (AMS) is one of few surveys with this information. METHODS: We used data from the 2010 AMS that included a full pregnancy history and verbal autopsy...
January 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698888/paediatric-and-perinatal-epidemiology
#12
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698887/unit-policies-and-breast-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-preterm-infants-the-epipage-2-cohort-study
#13
Ayoub Mitha, Aurélie Piedvache, Isabelle Glorieux, Jennifer Zeitlin, Jean-Michel Roué, Béatrice Blondel, Mélanie Durox, Antoine Burguet, Monique Kaminski, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Véronique Pierrat
BACKGROUND: Facilitating factors and barriers to breast milk feeding (BMF) very preterm (VP) infants have been widely studied at the individual level. We aimed to describe and analyse factors associated with BMF at discharge for VP infants, with a special focus on unit policies aiming to support BMF. METHODS: We described BMF at discharge in 3108 VP infants enrolled in EPIPAGE-2, a French national cohort. Variables of interest were kangaroo care during the 1st week of life (KC); unit's policies supporting BMF initiation (BMF information systematically given to mothers hospitalised for threatened preterm delivery and breast milk expression proposed within 6 hours after birth) and BMF maintenance (availability of protocols for BMF and a special room for mothers to pump milk); the presence in units of a professional trained in human lactation and regional BMF initiation rates in the general population...
January 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698886/why-so-null-methodologic-necessities-to-advance-endometriosis-discovery
#14
COMMENT
Stacey A Missmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693548/population-level-stillbirth-data-from-low-income-settings-can-household-surveys-fill-current-data-gaps
#15
COMMENT
Hannah Blencowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30307620/timing-of-puberty-in-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#16
Nis Brix, Andreas Ernst, Lea Lykke Braskhøj Lauridsen, Erik Parner, Henrik Støvring, Jørn Olsen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
BACKGROUND: A secular trend towards earlier puberty has been observed in girls, while a similar trend has been more uncertain in boys. We estimated current ages at pubertal development in both boys and girls. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, 14 759 of 22 439 invited boys and girls born from 2000 to 2003 in the Danish National Birth Cohort gave half-yearly self-reported information on puberty from the age of 11.5 years and throughout puberty. This late start of follow-up limits the estimation of age at onset of puberty but not later pubertal milestones...
January 2019: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548498/foetal-growth-standards-description-prescription-or-prediction
#17
Michael S Kramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30516287/social-determinants-of-health-and-adverse-maternal-and-birth-outcomes-in-adolescent-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Sana Amjad, Isaiah MacDonald, Thane Chambers, Alvaro Osornio-Vargas, Sujata Chandra, Don Voaklander, Maria B Ospina
BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes in adolescent pregnancies have been attributed to both biological immaturity and social determinants of health (SDOH). The present systematic review evaluated the evidence on the association between SDOH and adverse maternal and birth outcomes in adolescent mothers. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted to identify observational studies evaluating the relationship between SDOH and adverse adolescent pregnancy outcomes...
December 5, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30485470/are-selection-criteria-for-healthy-pregnancies-responsible-for-the-gap-between-fetal-growth-in-the-french-national-elfe-birth-cohort-and-the-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards
#19
Barbara Heude, Morgane Le Guern, Anne Forhan, Pauline Scherdel, Manik Kadawathagedara, Marie-Noëlle Dufourg, Corinne Bois, Marie Cheminat, François Goffinet, Jérémie Botton, Marie-Aline Charles, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: The Intergrowth-21st (IG) project proposed prescriptive fetal growth standards for global use based on ultrasound measurements from a multicounty study of low-risk pregnancies selected using strict criteria. We examined whether the IG standards are appropriate for fetal growth monitoring in France and whether potential differences could be due to IG criteria for "healthy" pregnancies. METHOD: We analysed data on femur length and abdominal circumference at the second and/or the third recommended ultrasound examination from 14 607 singleton pregnancies from the Elfe national birth cohort...
November 28, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30485481/call-for-papers-for-upcoming-themed-issue-on-maternal-health
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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