journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747318/peripherally-acting-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-antagonists-for-treatment-of-opioid-induced-constipation-in-children
#1
Chris Novak, Amanda Hogg, Kyle Sue, Dawn Davies
Background and Objective: Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is a common and important problem in paediatric palliative care, critical care, and postoperative settings. Treatment for OIC is often ineffective and limited by enteral intake. A new class of drugs called peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor antagonists (PAMORAs) have been shown to be effective treatments of OIC in adults, including the agents methylnaltrexone and naloxegol. Data in children are limited to several small case reports, mostly in the palliative care setting...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747317/risk-factors-for-re-hospitalization-following-neonatal-discharge-of-extremely-preterm-infants-in-canada
#2
Zakariya Bambala Puthattayil, Thuy Mai Luu, Marc Beltempo, Shannon Cross, Thevanisha Pillay, Marilyn Ballantyne, Anne Synnes, Prakesh Shah, Thierry Daboval
Objective: Survivors of extremely preterm birth are at risk of re-hospitalization but risk factors in the Canadian population are unknown. Our objective is to identify neonatal, sociodemographic, and geographic characteristics that predict re-hospitalization in Canadian extremely preterm neonates. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospective observational cohort study that included preterm infants born 22 to 28 weeks' gestational age from April 1, 2009 to September 30, 2011 and seen at 18 to 24 months corrected gestational age in a Canadian Neonatal Follow-Up Network clinic...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747316/gender-diversity-training-in-canadian-paediatric-postgraduate-medical-education-a-needs-assessment-survey
#3
Alexa Marr, Ken Tang, Stephen H Feder, Karine Khatchadourian, Margaret L Lawson, Amy Robinson
Objectives: Evaluate the current state of postgraduate medical education on gender diversity in Canadian paediatric residency programs, exploring both resident and program director perceptions. Background: Primary care providers are seeing more gender diverse children and youth in their offices, along with an exponential growth in referrals to Canadian specialty clinics and potential for significant mental health comorbidities. Gender-affirming support and management have been shown to improve overall outcomes...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747315/severe-alcohol-intoxication-among-canadian-youth-a-2-year-surveillance-study
#4
Amy Acker, Mark L Norris, Helen Coo, Alexandre Santos, Dominic Allain, Kimberly Dow
Purpose: To obtain data on Canadian youth, aged 11 to 15 years, presenting to paediatric emergency departments, with severe alcohol intoxication and to describe demographics, presentations to hospital, concurrent substance use, comorbidities, and short-term outcomes of admission to emergency departments. Methods: Between March 2013 and February 2015, through the established methodology of the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, Canadian paediatricians and paediatric subspecialists were surveyed monthly to identify cases of young adolescents presenting to paediatric emergency departments across Canada with severe alcohol intoxication...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747314/tuberculosis-among-first-nations-inuit-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-beyond-medical-management
#5
Radha Jetty
First Nations, Inuit and Métis people in Canada continue to be disproportionately affected by tuberculosis (TB), a disparity rooted primarily in factors such as poverty, crowded and inadequate housing, food insecurity, and inequitable health care access. Historical TB control practices in Canada have contributed to stigma and discrimination toward those with the disease, as well as fear and mistrust of the health system. These individual and system-level factors result in delays in TB diagnoses, ongoing transmission, poorer outcomes, and lower treatment completion rates...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747313/an-ulcerated-giant-segmental-hemangioma-resulting-in-contracture-of-the-left-elbow
#6
Alexander K C Leung, Kin Fon Leong, Joseph M Lam
The majority of infantile hemangiomas are benign and will resolve on their own. We report a 4-month-old infant with an ulcerated giant segmental infantile hemangioma involving the left upper limb who developed a contracture of the left elbow despite treatment with oral propranolol, proper wound care, and regular intense physiotherapy. To our knowledge, contracture resulting from an infantile hemangioma has not been reported previously.
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747312/neonatal-coning-secondary-to-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#7
Yasser Soliman, Kamran Yusuf, Marc Blayney, Amr I El Shahed, Jaques Belik
Introduction: Brain herniation is an extremely rare complication of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) in the neonatal period with only a single report described. We report a 2-day-old term infant with severe HIE, who developed diffuse brain oedema and herniation. Case presentation and description: A term female infant delivered by vacuum, required therapeutic hypothermia for severe encephalopathy. At 36 hours of age, a marked change in neurological status was noted with signs of brainstem involvement...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747311/opportunity-knocks-for-the-caring-paediatrician
#8
David Huot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747310/recommandations-sur-la-s%C3%A3-dation-lors-d-une-intervention-diagnostique-ou-th%C3%A3-rapeutique-chez-les-nourrissons-les-enfants-et-les-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Kristina Krmpotic, Michael J Rieder, David Rosen
De nombreux patients pédiatriques ont besoin de sédation et d'analgésie lors de tests diagnostiques et d'actes thérapeutiques hors de la salle d'opération. Le présent document de principes contient une analyse bibliographique de la sédation interventionnelle (qu'on appelle aussi sédation procédurale), axée sur la prévention des événements indésirables grâce à la sélection des patients appropriés, à la préparation aux situations d'urgence et à la surveillance nécessaire pendant et après l'administration des agents pharmacologiques...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747309/recommendations-for-procedural-sedation-in-infants-children-and-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
Kristina Krmpotic, Michael J Rieder, David Rosen
Many paediatric patients require sedation and analgesia for diagnostic testing and therapeutic procedures outside the operating room. This statement reviews the literature on procedural sedation, focusing on the prevention of adverse events through the selection of appropriate patients, advance preparation for emergency situations, and adequate monitoring during and after the administration of pharmacologic agents. Procedural sedation should only be performed by clinicians who are competent in airway management and resuscitation, as part of a hospital program with active and engaged quality assurance and safety initiatives...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747308/les-opio%C3%A3-des-par-voie-orale-en-remplacement-de-la-cod%C3%A3-ine-pour-contr%C3%A3-ler-la-douleur-chez-les-enfants
#11
REVIEW
Michael J Rieder, Geert 't Jong
La douleur est un problème courant chez les enfants. Des mesures pharmacologiques et non pharmacologiques sont utilisées pour la prendre en charge. Depuis quelques décennies, les opioïdes par voie orale sont populaires pour soulager la douleur modérée à grave. La codéine a longtemps été l'opioïde par voie orale le plus connu pour les enfants. Pour des raisons de sécurité, elle est désormais nettement moins accessible et moins employée. Divers autres opioïdes la remplacent, mais les données sur leur efficacité et leur sécurité sont limitées chez les enfants...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747307/the-use-of-oral-opioids-to-control-children-s-pain-in-the-post-codeine-era
#12
REVIEW
Michael J Rieder, Geert 't Jong
Pain is a common problem for children, and pain management comprises both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic measures. For moderate to severe pain, oral opioids have been a popular choice for the last few decades. Codeine has historically been the best-known oral opioid for use in children. However, availability and use of codeine have sharply declined due to safety concerns. A variety of other opioids have been used in place of codeine, but data are limited regarding their efficacy and safety in children. While the same pathways metabolize oral oxycodone as codeine, oxycodone's pharmacokinetics varies widely...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747306/refusal-of-animal-derived-medical-products-in-a-paediatric-setting-ethical-issues
#13
Maram Hassanein, James A Anderson
Many medical products that are widely available and commonly used are of animal origin, which can be problematic for those who identify as followers of a particular religion, or have moral commitments or dietary preferences that prohibit or restrict the ingestion of animal products. Given that people are becoming more conscious of the products they ingest, however, we suspect this might be an issue in the foreseeable future, particularly in a multicultural and diverse community like Toronto, Canada. Failure to provide services sensitive to these beliefs and preferences may result in a refusal of medical treatment...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747305/paediatric-hypertension-for-the-primary-care-provider-what-you-need-to-know
#14
Priya Saini, Laura Betcherman, Seetha Radhakrishnan, Yousef Etoom
The prevalence of hypertension has increased in the paediatric and adolescent populations, and is estimated between 1% and 2% in Canada. Paediatric and adolescent hypertension differs from adult hypertension in many ways, and primary care providers may not be up to date with current guidelines and recommendations. Recently, the American Academy of Pediatrics updated and published guidelines on the diagnosis, evaluation, and management of hypertension in children and adolescents. This paper summarizes these new guidelines in addition to the existing Canadian guidelines in a simple four-step approach, catered to a primary care setting, detailing the diagnosis, evaluation, workup, and management of hypertension in children and adolescents...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747304/preparing-for-cbme-how-often-are-faculty-observing-residents
#15
Sheenagh J K George, Sarah Manos, Kenny K Wong
Background: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada officially launched 'Competence by Design' in July 2017, moving from time-based to outcomes-based training. Transitioning to competency-based medical education (CBME) necessitates change in resident assessment. A greater frequency of resident observation will likely be required to adequately assess whether entrustable professional activities have been achieved. Purpose: Characterize faculty and resident experiences of direct observation in a single paediatric residency program, pre-CBME implementation...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747303/universal-access-to-quality-childcare-is-good-policy-and-a-positive-determinant-of-health-let-s-invest
#16
Shafeeq Armstrong
Research shows that affordable nonprofit childcare results in a variety of beneficial developmental outcomes for children, as well as benefitting families and society at-large. As leaders and influencers, paediatricians are well positioned to advocate for access to affordable, nonprofit childcare. This commentary aims to provide a framework and evidence base for Canadian paediatricians interested in learning more about this issue and how they can support increased access to nonprofit childcare.
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747302/paediatric-euthanasia-in-canada-new-challenges-for-end-of-life-care
#17
Christina Marie Lamb
Canadians are looking to expand their Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID) program to include mature minors. Yet, little evidence exists to support this expansion. The Council of Canadian Academies released a report in December 2018 indicating that little is known about how mature minors make meaning of end of life care. To address this knowledge gap, research is needed to understand how mature minors make meaning of the dying process in the first place. Since social perceptions drive Canadian health care, practice, and end of life mentalities, the question that needs to be asked is: What is the Canadian perception of a good death for mature minors? To answer this question it is first necessary to examine the meaning that death and dying hold for mature minors, as voiced by mature minors themselves...
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747301/a-14-year-old-male-with-lower-extremity-fractures-and-respiratory-distress
#18
Anastasia Zello, Chris Novak, Karen Forbes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747300/thunderclap-headaches-in-a-16-year-old-male
#19
Winnie Nagesh, Chris Novak, Jessica Foulds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33747299/a-bag-of-worms-in-a-foot
#20
Paolo Spinnato, Kirsten van Langevelde, Marco Colangeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2021: Paediatrics & Child Health
journal
journal
20212
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"