journal

Paediatrics & Child Health

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32189976/nutritional-evaluation-of-the-neurologically-impaired-child
#1
Linda M Casey
Nutrition is of key importance in optimizing function and health in children with neurological impairment. Challenges in quantifying individual needs and assessing nutritional status are barriers to determining the nutritional prescription. This practice point addresses common questions faced by clinicians caring for this population and uses available evidence to provide strategies to address these challenges.
March 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32189975/pharmacare-in-canada-the-paediatric-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Tom McLaughlin, Geert 't Jong, Andrea Gilpin, Charlotte Moore Hepburn
Canada's drug insurance system is one of the most expensive in the world, yet millions of Canadians still struggle to access necessary medications. As a result, provincial, territorial, and federal governments are considering public pharmacare policy proposals to ensure that all Canadians can access the medications they need. Pharmacare policies offer an opportunity to prioritize children and youth, whose unique drug needs have long been neglected. Prescription drug use is common in this population, with approximately half of Canadian children and youth requiring at least one prescription in any given year...
March 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32189974/practical-tips-for-paediatricians-baby-led-weaning
#3
Laura N Anderson, Meta van den Heuvel, Jessica A Omand, Peter D Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32042244/beta-lactam-allergy-in-the-paediatric-population
#4
Tiffany Wong, Adelle Atkinson, Geert t'Jong, Michael J Rieder, Edmond S Chan, Elissa M Abrams
Beta-lactam allergy is commonly diagnosed in paediatric patients, but over 90% of individuals reporting this allergy are able to tolerate the medications prescribed after evaluation by an allergist. Beta-lactam allergy labels are associated with negative clinical and administrative outcomes, including use of less desirable alternative antibiotics, longer hospitalizations, increasing antibiotic-resistant infections, and greater medical costs. Also, children with true IgE-mediated allergy to penicillin medications are often advised to avoid all beta-lactam antibiotics, including cephalosporins, which is likely unnecessary in greater than 97% of those reporting penicillin allergies...
February 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32042243/dietary-intake-of-sodium-by-children-why-it-matters
#5
REVIEW
Manjula Gowrishankar, Becky Blair, Michael J Rieder
Dietary sodium is required in very small amounts to support circulating blood volume and blood pressure (BP). Available nutritional surveillance data suggest that most Canadian children consume sodium in excess of their dietary requirements. Approximately 80% of the sodium Canadians consume comes from processed and packaged foods. High sodium intakes in children may be an indicator of poor diet quality. Results from systematic reviews and meta-analyses have demonstrated that decreasing dietary sodium in children leads to small but clinically insignificant decreases in BP...
February 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32042242/school-nutrition-support-for-providing-healthy-food-and-beverage-choices-in-schools
#6
REVIEW
Jeffrey N Critch
The implementation of nutrition policies and guidelines in Canadian schools has increased the availability and consumption of nutrient-rich foods while reducing access to and consumption of foods and beverages that are high in sugars, sodium, and saturated fats. Positive changes in health outcomes for children and youth, such as improved body mass indices, have been observed. However, observed impacts of school nutrition policies on academic performance have been mixed. This statement reviews key elements of school nutrition policies, with specific focus on nutrition standards...
February 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844397/global-climate-change-and-health-in-canadian-children
#7
Irena Buka, Katherine M Shea
Climate change is a reality. Numerous expert authorities warn of the critical need to undertake and adapt environmental efforts to protect human health. Climate change is accelerating, and countries in high latitudes, such as Canada, are experiencing climate change more directly and, for some end points, more dramatically than mid- and low-latitude countries. Children are vulnerable to climate change health effects, and physicians and other health care providers need to be ready to identify, manage, and prevent climate change-related health hazards...
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844396/iron-requirements-in-the-first-2-years-of-life
#8
Sharon L Unger, Tanis R Fenton, Radha Jetty, Jeff N Critch, Deborah L O'connor
Iron is an essential micronutrient required for hemoglobin synthesis, central nervous system development, and protection from infection. Early childhood is a time of vulnerability as iron deficiency in this period is associated with impaired neurodevelopment. Low socioeconomic status, preterm birth, and suboptimal diet are risk factors for iron deficiency. Due to a lack of iron excretory mechanism, the possibility of iron excess also exists. Appropriate iron intake in the first 2 years of life is critical.
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844395/the-screening-and-management-of-newborns-at-risk-for-low-blood-glucose
#9
REVIEW
Michael R Narvey, Seth D Marks
Hypoglycemia in the first hours to days after birth remains one of the most common conditions facing practitioners across Canada who care for newborns. Many cases represent normal physiologic transition to extrauterine life, but another group experiences hypoglycemia of longer duration. This statement addresses key issues for providers of neonatal care, including the definition of hypoglycemia, risk factors, screening protocols, blood glucose levels requiring intervention, and managing care for this condition...
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844394/managing-pain-and-distress-in-children-undergoing-brief-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures
#10
REVIEW
Evelyne D Trottier, Marie-Joëlle Doré-Bergeron, Laurel Chauvin-Kimoff, Krista Baerg, Samina Ali
Common medical procedures to assess and treat patients can cause significant pain and distress. Clinicians should have a basic approach for minimizing pain and distress in children, particularly for frequently used diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. This statement focuses on infants (excluding care provided in the NICU), children, and youth who are undergoing common, minor but painful medical procedures. Simple, evidence-based strategies for managing pain and distress are reviewed, with guidance for integrating them into clinical practice as an essential part of health care...
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844393/opinions-et-positions-de-m%C3%A3-decins-%C3%A3-l%C3%A2-endroit-de-la-punition-corporelle-comme-pratique-parentale-disciplinaire
#11
Marie-Ève Clément, Marie-Hélène Gagné, Sarah Dufour, Jean-Yves Frappier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844392/the-impact-of-implementing-a-preprinted-order-form-for-inpatient-management-of-otherwise-healthy-children-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-centre-with-a-diagnosis-of-bronchiolitis
#12
Joshua Feder, Vid Bijelic, Nick Barrowman, Jaime McDonald, Barbara Murchison, Radha Jetty, Anindita Tjahjadi, Kristy Parker, Mary Pothos, Catherine M Pound
Objective: To examine the effect on length of stay (LOS) of a preprinted order (PPO) set for children admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of bronchiolitis, as well as on quality improvement measures, medical errors, and resource utilization. Patients and methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of children admitted to the inpatient units at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) with a discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Primary and secondary outcomes were compared between the pre-PPO (December 1, 2014 to June 30, 2015) and post-PPO (December 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016) periods...
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844391/family-functioning-among-adolescents-with-narcolepsy
#13
Arpita Parmar, Eluen Ann Yeh, Daphne J Korczak, Shelly K Weiss, Zihang Lu, Allison Zweerink, Alene Toulany, Brian J Murray, Indra Narang
Background: Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder with no cure with onset typically during adolescence. Caring for an adolescent with a lifelong medical condition can negatively impact family structure, cohesion, relationships, and overall functioning. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate family functioning in a cohort of adolescents with narcolepsy using the PedsQL Family Impact Module. The secondary objective was to compare family functioning in adolescents with narcolepsy to adolescents with chronic pain based on published data...
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31844390/a-6-month-old-with-urticaria-when-crawling
#14
Stephanie C Erdle, Raymond Mak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31660044/navigating-health-care-systems-for-military-connected-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study-of-military-families-experiencing-mandatory-relocation
#15
Heidi Cramm, Garth Smith, Dawa Samdup, Ashley Williams, Lucia Rühland
Background: Most military families experience mandatory relocation, or posting, several times during the military career. For Canadian military families who must access provincial or territorial health care systems, maintaining reasonable continuity of care is a persistent issue. Such challenges may be amplified when a child in a military family has special needs within the health and educational systems. Objective: The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a better understanding of Canadian Armed Forces families' experiences in navigating health care systems on behalf of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the context of mandatory relocation...
November 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31660043/post-diagnostic-management-and-follow-up-care-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Angie Ip, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Jessica A Brian
Paediatricians and other primary care providers are well positioned to provide or coordinate ongoing medical and psychosocial care and support services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This statement provides recommendations and information on a range of interventions and resources, to help paediatric care providers optimize care for children with ASD and support their families. The management of ASD includes treating medical and psychiatric co-morbidities, behavioural and developmental interventions, and providing supportive social care services to enhance quality of life for affected children and families...
November 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31660042/standards-of-diagnostic-assessment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Jessica A Brian, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Angie Ip
The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has created a need to expand ASD diagnostic capacity by community-based paediatricians and other primary care providers. Although evidence suggests that some children can be definitively diagnosed by 2 years of age, many are not diagnosed until 4 to 5 years of age. Most clinical guidelines recommend multidisciplinary team involvement in the ASD diagnostic process. Although a maximal wait time of 3 to 6 months has been recommended by three recent ASD guidelines, the time from referral to a team-based ASD diagnostic evaluation commonly takes more than a year in many Canadian communities...
November 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31660041/early-detection-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-young-children
#18
REVIEW
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Jessica A Brian, Angie Ip
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a life-long neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by impairments in social communication, repetitive, restricted patterns of behaviour, and unusual sensory sensitivities or interests. ASD significantly impacts the lives of children and their families. Currently, the estimated prevalence of ASD is 1 in 66 Canadians aged 5 to 17 years. General paediatricians, family physicians, and other health care professionals are, therefore, seeing more children with ASD in their practices...
November 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31660040/canadian-paediatric-society-clinical-practice-recommendations-for-assessment-of-children-and-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Jessica A Brian, Angie Ip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31528115/probiotic-protocols-used-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-the-usa-and-canada
#20
Yenly C Londono Calle, William Diehl-Jones, Maureen Heaman, Aaron Chiu, James Friel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: Paediatrics & Child Health
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