Anne Kawamura, Amber Makino, Scott McLeod
In Canada, cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability, affecting approximately 2 to 3 per 1,000 individuals. Paediatricians are sure to encounter and care for children with CP and their families. The role of the general paediatrician in caring for a child with CP is crucial, from diagnosis to providing a 'medical home', and from ensuring care coordination to delivering anticipatory guidance and preventive health and wellness care. The CP Health and Wellness Record that accompanies this practice point can assist both practitioners and children's families by exploring key areas of health, function, participation, and wellness...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Anne Kawamura, Amber Makino, Scott McLeod
La paralysie cérébrale (PC), qui est l'incapacité physique la plus fréquente au Canada, touche de deux à trois personnes sur 1 000. Au cours de leur carrière, les pédiatres verront et soigneront à coup sûr des enfants ayant la PC et leur famille. Le pédiatre général joue un rôle crucial dans les soins de l'enfant ayant la PC, qu'il s'agisse de poser le diagnostic ou d'assurer l'accès à une maison médicale ( medical home ), de garantir la coordination des soins ou de donner des conseils et des soins préventifs pour assurer sa santé et son bien-être...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Michelle Barton, A Michael Forrester, Jane McDonald
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the leading cause of congenital infection and the most common cause of non-genetic sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in childhood. Although most infected infants are asymptomatic at birth, the risk for SNHL and other neurodevelopmental morbidity makes congenital CMV (cCMV) a disease of significance. Adherence to hygienic measures in pregnancy can reduce risk for maternal CMV infection. The prompt identification of infected infants allows early initiation of surveillance and management...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Paul Thiessen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Spandana Amarthaluru, Catherine S Birken, Meta van den Heuvel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Nicholas Chadi, Richard E Belanger
E-cigarettes have become the most important source of nicotine exposure among adolescents. While e-cigarettes may have the potential to help some adults quit smoking, there is a lack of reliable evidence that this would apply to adolescents. On the contrary, e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent use of cigarettes and other tobacco products in teens and is also associated with increased use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs. Research on the health effects of e-cigarettes is rapidly emerging suggesting that they carry several acute and long-term risks, particularly for adolescents' still-developing bodies and brains...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Katie Soper, Giuseppina Di Meglio
Objective: Access to effective contraceptives, including emergency contraception (EC), is critical to reducing unintended adolescent pregnancy. This study evaluates the accessibility of Ln-EC (levonorgestrel EC) for adolescents in Quebec community pharmacies. Methods: We conducted an anonymous self-administered electronic survey of Quebec community pharmacists between June 1, 2016 and October 31, 2016. Pharmacists were asked about the availability of Ln-EC in their pharmacy, whether they prescribed Ln-EC, and their experience with adolescents who requested Ln-EC...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Sarah Zutrauen, Steven McFaull, Minh T Do
Background: Participating in sports is a great way to gain physical, psychological, and social benefits. However, it also carries the risk of injury. Soccer is one of the most popular sports worldwide, and in recent years, there have been concerns about potential vulnerabilities to head injuries. Objectives: To investigate soccer-related head injuries (SRHIs), using data from the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP) surveillance system...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Ka Hong Chan, Shubhayan Sanatani, James E Potts, Kevin C Harris
Objective: To evaluate the relative incidence of cardiogenic and septic shock in term neonates and identify findings that help differentiate the two entities. Study Design: We conducted a retrospective chart review of term neonates presenting to British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH) with decompensated shock of an undiagnosed etiology between January 1, 2008 and January 1, 2013. Charts were reviewed to determine the underlying diagnoses of all neonates meeting our inclusion criteria...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Sadia Ahmed, Kyle Kemp, David Johnson, Hude Quan, Maria Jose Santana
The Child-Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (Child-HCAHPS) survey is a validated measure of paediatric inpatient experience. The study objective was to determine which survey questions were most correlated with respondents' overall rating of care. Knowing which questions are most important may provide valuable insights for developing targeted quality improvement initiatives. Methods: Within 6 weeks of discharge, 3,389 telephone surveys were completed by parents/guardians of children who were hospitalized for at least 24 hours...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Chi Yon Seo, Mohammed Rashid, Tara Harris, Jody Stapleton, Shelley L Deeks
Background: The combined measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) and measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (MMRV) vaccines are part of Ontario's routine immunization schedule. Objective: To assess adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) reported in Ontario following administration of MMR and MMRV vaccines between 2012 and 2016. Methods: Reports of AEFIs were extracted from the provincial surveillance database on May 9, 2017. Events were grouped by provincial surveillance definitions...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Khalid Aziz, Xiaolu Ma, Jocelyn Lockyer, Douglas McMillan, Xiang Y Ye, Lizhong Du, Shoo K Lee, Nalini Singhal
Background: The Acute Care of at-Risk Newborns (ACoRN) program was developed in Canada to train health care providers in the identification and management of newborns who are at-risk and/or become unwell after birth. The ACoRN process follows a stepwise framework that enables evaluation, decision, and action irrespective of caregiver experience. This study examined the hypothesis that the ACoRN educational program improved clinical practices and outcomes in China. Methods: In a before-and-after study, ACoRN training was provided to physicians, neonatal nurses, and administrators in 16 county hospitals in Zhejiang, PRC...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Ilana C Walters, Rachel MacIntosh, Kim D Blake
Factitious disorder imposed on another (FDIA) and malingering by proxy (MAL-BP) are two forms of underreported child maltreatment that should remain on physicians' differential. This case of a 2-year-old boy, which spans 6 years, reveals the complexity in and difficulties with diagnosis. Key features include the patient's mother using advanced medical jargon to report multiple disconnected concerns and visits to numerous providers. As a result, the patient underwent many investigations which often revealed normal findings...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Allyson K Shorkey, Ronald M Laxer, Jeremy N Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Kirsten M Sjonnesen, Ahmad Nizar Abdul Aziz, Joseph Varkey Vayalumkal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Shazeen Suleman, Yasmine Ratnani, Katrina Stockley, Radha Jetty, Katharine Smart, Susan Bennett, Sarah Gander, Christine Loock
The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global crisis, affecting millions globally and in Canada. While efforts to limit the spread of the infection and 'flatten the curve' may buffer children and youth from acute illness, these public health measures may worsen existing inequities for those living on the margins of society. In this commentary, we highlight current and potential long-term impacts of COVID-19 on children and youth centring on the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), with special attention to the accumulated toxic stress for those in difficult social circumstances...
October 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Brigitte Lemyre, Michael Dunn, Bernard Thebaud
Historically, postnatal corticosteroids have been used to prevent and treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Administering dexamethasone to prevent BPD in the first 7 days post-birth has been associated with increasing risk for cerebral palsy, while early inhaled corticosteroids appear to be associated with an increased risk of mortality. Neither medication is presently recommended to prevent BPD. New evidence suggests that prophylactic hydrocortisone, when initiated in the first 48 hours post-birth, at a physiological dose, and in the absence of indomethacin, improves survival without BPD, with no adverse neurodevelopmental effects at 2 years...
August 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Sarah A Richmond, Ian Pike, Jonathon L Maguire, Alison Macpherson
Objectives: Electronic cigarettes and fluid (e-cigarettes, e-fluid) are hazardous materials that when inhaled or ingested may pose significant health risks to children and adolescents. The objective of this work was to explore the spectrum of injury related to e-cigarette exposure among Canadian children and adolescents. Methods: A one-time survey was sent to all paediatricians in Canada. Information was collected on children and adolescents who presented with e-cigarette exposure (inhalation and ingestion cases) in the previous 12 months...
August 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Janice A Tijssen, Teresa To, Laurie J Morrison, Fuad Alnaji, Russell D MacDonald, Cynthia Cupido, Kyong-Soon Lee, Christopher S Parshuram
Background: Diverse settlement makes inter-facility transport of critically ill children a necessary part of regionalized health care. There are few studies of outcomes and health care services use of this growing population. Methods: A retrospective study evaluated the frequency of transports, health care services use, and outcomes of all critically ill children who underwent inter-facility transport to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Ontario from 2004 to 2012...
August 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
Zachary Boychuck, John Andersen, André Bussières, Darcy Fehlings, Adam Kirton, Patricia Li, Maryam Oskoui, Charo Rodriguez, Michael Shevell, Laurie Snider, Annette Majnemer
Objectives: To develop expert-informed content regarding the early motor attributes of cerebral palsy (CP) that should prompt physician referral for diagnostic assessment of CP, as well as concurrent referral recommendations. This content will be used in the creation of knowledge translation (KT) tools for primary care practitioners and parents. Methods: Two nominal group processes were conducted with relevant stakeholders, representing Canadian ' content experts ' and ' knowledge-users' , using an integrated KT approach...
August 2020: Paediatrics & Child Health
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