Ilari Kuitunen, Mikko Uimonen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the optimal postextubation respiratory support in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. SETTING: Pediatric or neonatal intensive care units. PARTICIPANTS: All aged children (<16 years) having cardiac surgery and postoperative invasive ventilation. INTERVENTION: Noninvasive respiratory support, including high flow nasal cannula (HFNC), conventional oxygen therapy (COT), noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), continuous positive pressure (CPAP), and noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV)...
December 1, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Young-Eun Joe, Jae-Hoon Lee, Darhae Eum, Ji-Ho Kim, Jeong-Rim Lee
BACKGROUND: The administration of intravenous dexamethasone increases the duration of neuraxial block and improves the quality of analgesia. However, little is known about these effects of dexamethasone on peripheral nerve blocks in children. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate the benefit of intravenous dexamethasone for enhancing the effect of pudendal block on postoperative analgesia in children who underwent hypospadias surgery. METHODS: In total, 46 children aged 6-36 months who underwent hypospadias surgery were randomly allocated to either a control group (normal saline, group C) or dexamethasone group (0...
December 1, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Jonathan J Gamble, Susan M Goobie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Amr Elhamrawy, Giorgio Veneziano, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common inherited hemoglobinopathy, affecting approximately 100 000 patients in United States and millions worldwide. Although the mainstay of pain management for VOC remains systemic opioids, given the potential for adverse effects including respiratory depression and hypoxemia, there remains interest in the use of regional anesthetic techniques (neuraxial or peripheral nerve blockade). METHODS: A systematic search of pubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar was conducted using the terms sickle cell disease, sickle cell crisis, pain crisis, vaso-occlusive crisis, regional anesthesia, peripheral nerve blockade, and neuraxial anesthesia...
November 20, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Adrian Bosenberg
The erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is perhaps one of the most interesting of the tissue plane blocks described recently. There has been an exponential increase in the number of publications for both adults and children over the past 5 years. Single-shot, intermittent bolus, and continuous infusion techniques have been used effectively. Both the efficacy and safety of the procedure are widely accepted, but the exact mechanism by which the local anesthetic spreads from the tip of the transverse process to block the dorsal and ventral rami of the spinal nerves is controversial and needs clarification...
November 16, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Lipika Soni, Ganga Prasad, Manpreet Kaur
Laryngeal atresia is a rare congenital anomaly that is usually diagnosed by antenatal ultrasound, however, if undiagnosed presents with desaturation after birth. A term neonate presented with airway obstruction after birth with multiple failed attempts at intubation and was rescued by proseal laryngeal mask airway (LMA). An esophagoscopy using an Ambuscope utilizing a modified connector assembly revealed an opening on the anterior wall of the esophagus with no esophageal atresia, leading to a diagnosis of H-type tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) with laryngeal atresia...
November 15, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Sheri Jones Oguh, Rajeev S Iyer, Ian Yuan, Richard Missett, Rodrigo J Daly Guris, Gregory Johnson, Lenard W Babus, Christopher B Massa, Heather McClung-Pasqualino, Annery G Garcia-Marcinkiewicz, Luis Sequera-Ramos, C Dean Kurth
BACKGROUND: Propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia is gaining popularity in pediatric anesthesia. Electroencephalogram can be used to guide propofol dosing to the individual patient to mitigate against overdosing and adverse events. However, electroencephalogram interpretation and propofol pharmacokinetics are not sufficiently taught in training programs to confidently deploy electroencephalogram-guided total intravenous anesthesia. AIMS: We conducted a quality improvement project with the smart aim of increasing the percentage of electroencephalogram-guided total intravenous anesthesia cases in our main operating room from 0% to 80% over 18 months...
November 14, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Andrew J Meyer, Jill R Smith, Tara L Wright, Laurie J Engler, Michael T Bigham, Tarun Bhalla
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Unmet need for seasonal influenza vaccination administration to pediatric patients exists at national and local levels. Vaccination during the perioperative period remains controversial, though opportunity exists to meet vaccination need through perioperative programs. The initial SMART Aim of this quality improvement initiative was to establish and increase seasonal influenza vaccination rate in eligible patients during in person preoperative clinic visits in a pediatric perioperative surgical home (PSH) to 10%...
November 13, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Thomas Riva, Simon Goerge, Alexander Fuchs, Robert Greif, Markus Huber, Andrea C Lusardi, Thomas Riedel, Francis F Ulmer, Nicola Disma
BACKGROUND: Rapid-sequence tracheotomy and scalpel-bougie tracheotomy are two published approaches for establishing emergency front-of-neck access in infants. It is unknown whether there is a difference in performance times and success rates between the two approaches. AIMS: The aim of this cross-over randomized control trial study was to investigate whether the two approaches were equivalent for establishing tracheal access in rabbit cadavers. The underlying hypothesis was that the time to achieve the tracheal access is the same with both techniques...
November 10, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Chloe Heath, Angus Johnston, Aris Siafarikas, Glynis Price, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Debra J Faulk, Myron Yaster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Teresa Nguyen, Craig Yamaguchi, Liana Tilton, Thomas Caruso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Anna Jock, Felix Neunhoeffer, Alisa Rörden, Martin U Schuhmann, Julian Zipfel, Michael Hofbeck, Markus Dietzel, Simon Scherer, Cristian Urla, Jörg Fuchs, Jörg Michel, Frank Fideler
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral oxygen desaturation during pediatric surgery has been associated with adverse perioperative outcomes. The aim of this pilot study was to analyze the frequency and severity of intraoperative cerebral oxygen desaturations and their impact on postoperative cerebral oxygen metabolism in neonates and infants undergoing pediatric surgery. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, intra- and postoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation and blood flow were measured noninvasively using a device combining laser Doppler flowmetry and white-light-spectrometry...
November 7, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ahmed Abdelaal Ahmed Mahmoud Metwally Alkhatip, Kerry Elizabeth Mills, Olivia Hogue, Amr Sallam, Mohamed Khaled Hamza, Ehab Farag, Hany Mahmoud Yassin, Mohamed Wagih, Ahmed Mohamed Ibrahim Ahmed, Mohamed Hussein Helmy, Mohamed Elayashy
BACKGROUND: During scoliosis surgery, motor evoked potentials (MEP), and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) have been reported to be affected by the use of higher doses of anesthetic agents. Dexmedetomidine, a sympatholytic agent, an alpha-2 receptor agonist, has been used as an adjunctive agent to lower anesthetic dose. However, there is conflicting evidence regarding the effects of dexmedetomidine on the intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring of MEP and SSEP during surgery, particularly among pediatric patients...
November 5, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Cindy Chamberland, Myriam Bransi, Ariane Boivin, Sandra Jacques, Joël Gagnon, Sébastien Tremblay
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Virtual reality has been shown to be an effective non-pharmacological intervention for reducing anxiety of pediatric patients. A newer immersive technology, that of augmented reality, offers some practical advantages over virtual reality, and also seems to show beneficial effects on anxiety. The main objective of this study was to determine whether augmented reality could reduce preoperative anxiety in pediatric patients undergoing elective day surgeries. A secondary outcome was to document the level of satisfaction from pediatric patients toward augmented reality intervention...
November 4, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Emma G Sampson, Amir L Butt, Kenichi A Tanaka, Marcos W Gomes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ashwini Reddy, Priya Thappa, Kiran Jangra, Sivashanmugam Dhandapani, Bhupendra Kumar Sihag
Endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of craniopharyngioma is a commonly used technique. Cerebral vasospasm may occur in nearly 10% of cases leading to adverse neurological outcomes. Cardiopulmonary dysfunction may be seen in patients with severe vasospasm. The literature describing the occurrence of neurogenic stunned myocardium following craniopharyngioma resection in pediatric patients is very sparse. Here, we describe such a case managed with a combination of milrinone (to relieve vasospasm and improve cardiac pump function), noradrenaline (to obtain target blood pressure), and vasopressin (to control urine output)...
November 1, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Adam C Adler, Paul F Austin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Anisa Bhettay, Roxanne Burger
Post-dural puncture headache is a distressing complication that may occur after lumbar puncture or unintentional dural puncture. Risk factors in the pediatric population have not been well elicited, and the true incidence is unknown. Conservative management includes conservative physical measures and medical therapies. Epidural blood patch remains the gold standard for managing severe refractory headache, but greater occipital nerve blocks and sphenopalatine ganglion blocks have been used with success. Sphenopalatine ganglion blocks are easy to perform, minimally invasive and, in the postoperative setting where epidural analgesia is utilized, provide an alternative that should be considered...
October 20, 2023: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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