Journals Occupational and Environmental...

Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Johannes Siegrist, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: Studies show that a disadvantaged socioeconomic position (SEP) and psychosocial stress at work are both independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). But it is not clear if the effect of stress at work on CVD varies by SEP. METHODS: We used baseline and follow-up data from the French population-based cohort study CONSTANCES, including 48 383 employed women and men aged 30-70 years. Three SEP indicators (education, income, occupation), stressful psychosocial work as measured by effort-reward imbalance, pre-existing CVD and confounders were assessed at baseline, and incident non-fatal CVD events reported during annual follow-up (up to five follow-ups) were used as outcomes...
June 27, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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June 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Noemi B Hall, Laura Reynolds, David J Blackley, A Scott Laney
BACKGROUND: Mandatory examination requirements for US coal miners newly entering the workforce have been in place since the 1969 Coal Act mandated chest radiographs and were updated to include spirometry with promulgation of the 2014 Mine Safety and Health Administration Dust Rule. Compliance with the mandatory respiratory screening series is described using data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP). METHODS: Among all radiographic and spirometry submissions to the CWHSP during 30 June 1971-15 March 2022, new underground coal miners who began work in the industry after 30 June 1971, and new underground, surface miners and contractors who began work after new regulations were implemented 1 August 2014, were identified and included in analysis...
June 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ankura Singh, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Madeline Cannon, Mayris P Webber, David G Goldfarb, Robert D Daniels, David J Prezant, Paolo Boffetta, Charles B Hall
OBJECTIVE: To compare mortality rates in World Trade Center (WTC)-exposed Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) firefighters with rates in similarly healthy, non-WTC-exposed/non-FDNY firefighters, and compare mortality in each firefighter cohort with the general population. METHODS: 10 786 male WTC-exposed FDNY firefighters and 8813 male non-WTC-exposed firefighters from other urban fire departments who were employed on 11 September 2001 were included in the analyses...
June 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Joel Martin, Michael Toczko, Robert G Lockie
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of implementing a consequential fitness assessment (pull-ups, curl-ups, push-ups, 3 min step test) in a fire department on an individual level. METHODS: We used a repeated-measures design to analyse fitness assessment data from 2019 to 2020 in Northern Virginia. A total of 631 professional firefighters completed the fitness assessment in both years. Repeated measures analysis of variances (ANOVAs) and multiple regression modelling were used to examine the effects of the fitness assessment and factors associated with changes in fitness, respectively...
May 31, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Dorothée Provost, Marie-Christine Delmas, Laetitia Bénézet, Céline Ribet, Julie Chesneau, Chantal Raherison, Marcel Goldberg, Orianne Dumas, Nicole Le Moual, Yuriko Iwatsubo
OBJECTIVES: Asthma has significant occupational consequences. The objective of our study was to investigate the links between asthma and the career path, taking into account gender and age at asthma onset. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data collected at inclusion in the French CONSTANCES cohort in 2013-2014, we studied the links between each career path indicator (number of job periods, total duration of employment, numbers of part-time jobs and work interruptions due to unemployment or health issues, employment status at inclusion) on the one hand, and current asthma and asthma symptom score in the last 12 months on the other hand, as reported by the participants...
May 25, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kate St Cyr, Paul Kurdyak, Peter M Smith, Alyson L Mahar
INTRODUCTION: Previous research comparing veteran and civilian mental health (MH) outcomes often assumes stable rates of MH service use over time and relies on standardisation or restriction to adjust for differences in baseline characteristics. We aimed to explore the stability of MH service use in the first 5 years following release from the Canadian Armed Forces and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and to demonstrate the impact of using increasingly stringent matching criteria on effect estimates when comparing veterans with civilians, using incident outpatient MH encounters as an example...
May 25, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Christopher A Martin, Katherine Woolf, Luke Bryant, Charles Goss, Mayuri Gogoi, Susie Lagrata, Padmasayee Papineni, Irtiza Qureshi, Fatimah Wobi, Laura Nellums, Kamlesh Khunti, Manish Pareek
INTRODUCTION: There are limited data on the outcomes of COVID-19 risk assessment in healthcare workers (HCWs) or the association of ethnicity, other sociodemographic and occupational factors with risk assessment outcomes. METHODS: We used questionnaire data from UK-REACH (UK Research study into Ethnicity And COVID-19 outcomes in Healthcare workers), an ethnically diverse, nationwide cohort of UK HCWs. We derived four binary outcomes: (1) offered a risk assessment; (2) completed a risk assessment; (3) working practices changed as a result of the risk assessment; (4) wanted changes to working practices after risk assessment but working practices did not change...
May 23, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kjell Torén, Maria Albin, Tomas Bergström, Magnus Alderling, Linus Schioler, Maria Åberg
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether crowded workplaces, sharing surfaces and exposure to infections were factors associated with a positive test for influenza virus. METHODS: We studied 11 300 cases with a positive test for influenza A and 3671 cases of influenza B from Swedish registry of communicable diseases. Six controls for each case were selected from the population registry, with each control being assigned the index date of their corresponding case...
May 16, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Eva Tekavec, Tohr Nilsson, Jakob Riddar, Anna Axmon, Catarina Nordander
OBJECTIVES: Occupational exposure to vibration using hand-held tools may cause hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS). Correct diagnosis and grading of severity are crucial in protecting the individual's health and for workers' compensation claims. The International Consensus Criteria (ICC) has been suggested to replace the widely used Stockholm Workshop Scale (SWS). The aims were to, in a clinical setting, assess the concordance between the SWS and the ICC neurosensory severity grading of vibration injury, and to present the clinical picture according to symptoms, type of affected nerve fibres and the relation between vascular and neurosensory manifestations...
May 16, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kaitlin Kelly-Reif, Stephen J Bertke, Estelle Rage, Paul A Demers, Nora Fenske, Veronika Deffner, Michaela Kreuzer, Jonathan Samet, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan, Ladislav Tomasek, Lydia B Zablotska, Charles Wiggins, Dominique Laurier, David B Richardson
OBJECTIVES: Radon is a ubiquitous occupational and environmental lung carcinogen. We aim to quantify the association between radon progeny and lung cancer mortality in the largest and most up-to-date pooled study of uranium miners. METHODS: The pooled uranium miners analysis combines 7 cohorts of male uranium miners with 7754 lung cancer deaths and 4.3 million person-years of follow-up. Vital status and lung cancer deaths were ascertained between 1946 and 2014...
May 10, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jill E Byrne, Fabio Andres Rodriguez-Patarroyo, Edward J Mascha, Yanyan Han, Mauro Bravo, Michael R Bloomfield, Stephen M Rao, Daniel I Sessler
OBJECTIVES: Surgeons become uncomfortable while performing surgery because heat transfer and evaporative cooling are restricted by insulating surgical gowns. Consequently, perceptions of thermal discomfort during surgery may impair cognitive performance. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate surgeons' thermal comfort, cognitive performance, core and mean skin temperatures, perceptions of sweat-soaked clothing, fatigue and exertion with and without a CoolSource cooling vest (Cardinal Health, Dublin, Ohio, USA)...
May 4, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Per Gustavsson, Carolina Bigert, Tomas Andersson, Manzur Kader, Mikko Härmä, Jenny Selander, Theo Bodin, Maria Albin
OBJECTIVES: Night work has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, but epidemiological evidence was considered limited due to variability in findings and potential bias. This study aimed to investigate the risk of breast cancer in a cohort with detailed and registry-based data on night work. METHODS: The cohort comprised 25 585 women (nurses and nursing assistants) employed 1 year or more between 2008 and 2016 in the healthcare sector in Stockholm...
May 3, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Yuko Ochiai, Masaya Takahashi, Tomoaki Matsuo, Takeshi Sasaki, Yuki Sato, Kenji Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Yasumasa Otsuka
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prospective association among objectively measured average working hours (AWHs), frequency of long working hours (FLWHs; defined as ≥205 working hours/month (≥45 hours/week)) for 6 months, and workers' self-reported psychological and physical health. METHODS: The study included 15 143 workers from 5 Japanese companies. We collected monthly attendance records over 6 months before distributing a questionnaire survey on psychological/physical stress responses and work-related demographics...
April 28, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Bjørn-Atle Reme, Mari Grøsland, Hege Gjefsen, Karin Magnusson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sick leave among healthcare workers (HCWs) in primary and specialist care and examine its causes. METHODS: Using individual-level register data, we studied monthly proportions of sick leave (all-cause and not related to SARS-CoV-2 infection) from 2017 to February 2022 for all HCWs in primary (N=60 973) and specialist care (N=34 978) in Norway. First, we estimated the impact of the pandemic on sick leave, by comparing the sick leave rates during the pandemic to sick leave rates in 2017-2019...
April 17, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Barrak Alahmad, Ali Al-Hemoud, Mohammed Al-Bouwarthan, Haitham Khraishah, Mohamed Kamel, Qassem Akrouf, David H Wegman, Aaron S Bernstein, Petros Koutrakis
BACKGROUND: Hot, desert Gulf countries are host to millions of migrant workers doing outdoor jobs such as construction and hospitality. The Gulf countries apply a summertime ban on midday work to protect workers from extreme heat, although without clear evidence of effectiveness. We assessed the risk of occupational injuries associated with extreme hot temperatures during the summertime ban on midday work in Kuwait. METHODS: We collected daily occupational injuries in the summer months that are reported to the Ministry of Health's Occupational Health Department for 5 years from 2015 to 2019...
April 17, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jessica R E Bridgen, Hua Wei, Carl Whitfield, Yang Han, Ian Hall, Chris P Jewell, Martie J A van Tongeren, Jonathan M Read
OBJECTIVES: To quantify contact patterns of UK home delivery drivers and identify protective measures adopted during the pandemic. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey to measure the interactions of 170 UK delivery drivers during a working shift between 7 December 2020 and 31 March 2021. RESULTS: Delivery drivers had a mean number of 71.6 (95% CI 61.0 to 84.1) customer contacts per shift and 15.0 (95% CI 11.2 to 19.2) depot contacts per shift...
April 13, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Matthew Gittins, Melanie Carder, Martin J Seed, Ireny Iskandar, Sarah Ann Michelle Daniels, Martie van Tongeren
BACKGROUND: Trends in occupational disease incidence are estimated in voluntary reporting schemes such as The Health and Occupational Reporting (THOR) Network in the UK. Voluntary reporting schemes request responses even if no cases are observed to reduce uncertainty in non-response. This may result in false zeros that bias trends estimates. Analysis using zero-inflated models is unsuitable for specific health outcomes due to overestimates of the excess zeros. Here, we attempt to account for excess zeros while investigating condition-specific trends...
April 3, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Moisés Henriques, Diogo Rodrigues, Susana Viegas, Florentino Serranheira, Ema Sacadura-Leite
OBJECTIVES: Active duty Navy military personnel are prone to vitamin D deficiency due to an occupational environment detrimental to sunlight exposure. The main objective of this systematic review is to provide a worldwide overview of vitamin D status in this population. METHODS: The Condition, Context, Population (CoCoPop) mnemonic was used to define the inclusion criteria (vitamin D status; all contexts; active duty Navy military personnel). Studies with recruits or veterans were excluded...
April 3, 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Karen Walker-Bone, Geza Benke, Ewan MacFarlane, S Klebe, Ken Takahashi, Fraser Brims, Malcolm Ross Sim, Tim R Driscoll
OBJECTIVES: Malignant mesothelioma is an uncommon cancer associated with asbestos exposure, predominantly occupational. Asbestos has been banned in Australia since 2003 but mesothelioma has a long latency and incident cases continue to present. The Australian Mesothelioma Registry was incepted to collect systematic data about incidence and mortality alongside asbestos exposure. METHODS: Benefiting from the Australian national system of cancer notification, all incident cases of mesothelioma in all states and territories are fast-tracked and notified regularly...
April 2023: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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