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Journals Occupational and Environmental...

Occupational and Environmental Medicine

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38769005/effects-on-household-income-and-earnings-from-chronic-kidney-disease-of-non-traditional-origins-prep-project-findings-from-chichigalpa-nicaragua
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Heath Prince, Thomas Boswell, Jason Glaser, Catharina Wesseling, Ashweeta Patnaik, William Martinez-Cuadra
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose with this study is to examine the socioeconomic outcomes associated with chronic kidney disease not related to well-known risk factors (CKDnt) in four communities in Chichigalpa, Nicaragua that are home to a substantial number of sugarcane workers. METHODS: We employed a cluster-based systematic sampling design to identify differences in outcomes between those households affected directly by CKDnt and those that are not. RESULTS: Overall, we find that approximately one-third of households surveyed had a household member diagnosed with CKDnt...
June 3, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38684332/occupational-injuries-caused-by-fire-and-smoke-in-victoria-australia-2003-2021-a-descriptive-study
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Win Wah, Karen Walker-Bone
OBJECTIVES: Hospital attendance related to fire, flame or smoke exposure is commonly associated with work. The aim of this study was to examine time trends and risk factors for work-related fire/flame/smoke injuries in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: This study was based on emergency department (ED) presentation records from the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset, 2003-2021. Cases were people aged 15-74 years with injury-related ED presentations, if cause of injury was recorded as fire/flame/smoke, based on coded data and/or narratives...
June 3, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38679431/correction-night-work-during-pregnancy-and-small-for-gestational-age-a-danish-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594071/occupational-covid-19-can-we-claim-that-compensation-is-causation
#24
LETTER
Sara De Matteis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38508710/risk-factors-for-sars-cov-2-infection-at-a-uk-electricity-generating-company-a-test-negative-design-case-control-study
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Charlotte E Rutter, Martie van Tongeren, Tony Fletcher, Sarah Rhodes, Yiqun Chen, Ian Hall, Nicholas Warren, Neil Pearce
OBJECTIVES: Identify workplace risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection, using data collected by a UK electricity-generating company. METHODS: Using a test-negative design case-control study, we estimated the OR of infection by job category, site, test reason, sex, vaccination status, vulnerability, site outage and site COVID-19 weekly risk rating, adjusting for age, test date and test type. RESULTS: From an original 80 077 COVID-19 tests, there were 70 646 included in the final analysis...
April 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38627100/precarious-employment-in-young-adulthood-and-later-alcohol-related-morbidity-a-register-based-cohort-study
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emelie Thern, Devy L Elling, Kathryn Badarin, Julio César Hernando Rodríguez, Theo Bodin
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of precarious employment is increasing, particularly among young adults where less is known about the long-term health consequences. The present study aims to test if being precariously employed in young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of alcohol-related morbidity later in life. METHODS: A register-based cohort study was conducted in Sweden. The Swedish Work, Illness, and Labor-market Participation (SWIP) cohort was used to identify individuals who were aged 27 years between 2000 and 2003 ( n =339 403)...
April 16, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604660/prenatal-and-early-life-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-severe-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-during-early-childhood-the-espoo-cohort-study
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abate Bekele Belachew, Aino K Rantala, Maritta S Jaakkola, Timo T Hugg, Mikhail Sofiev, Jaakko Kukkonen, Jouni J K Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: There is inconsistent evidence of the effects of exposure to ambient air pollution on the occurrence of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in early childhood. We assessed the effects of individual-level prenatal and early life exposure to air pollutants on the risk of LRTIs in early life. METHODS: We studied 2568 members of the population-based Espoo Cohort Study born between 1984 and 1990 and living in 1991 in the City of Espoo, Finland. Exposure assessment was based on dispersion modelling and land-use regression for lifetime residential addresses...
April 10, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604659/relationship-between-trauma-psychological-distress-and-help-seeking-among-corrective-service-workers
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel A J Collins, Richard A Bryant, Aimee Gayed, Samuel B Harvey, Mark Deady
BACKGROUND: Corrective service workers (CSWs) are at high risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems. Prevalence rates and help-seeking behaviours are under-researched within this population. AIMS: To assess rates of PTSD and distress, and identify predictors of intention to seek help, among workers at an Australian corrective service agency. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was used to collect data on staff demographics, employment, PTSD symptoms and current distress...
April 10, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38499331/prevalence-and-correlates-of-workplace-violence-descriptive-results-from-the-national-transgender-discrimination-survey
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Idia Enogieru, Ashley L Blewitt-Golsch, Lauren J Hart, Sara LeGrand, Kathryn Whetten, Truls Ostbye, Candice Y Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the lifetime prevalence of workplace harassment, physical violence and sexual assault against transgender and non-binary workers targeted due to their gender identity and to identify correlates of this workplace violence. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study used data from 4597 transgender or non-binary respondents from the 2008-2009 National Transgender Discrimination Survey. Respondents reported if they had ever experienced harassment, physical violence or sexual assault at work specifically because of their gender identity...
March 18, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38418224/chronic-occupational-exposures-to-irritants-and-asthma-in-the-constances-cohort
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guillaume Sit, Laurent Orsi, Yuriko Iwatsubo, Brigitte Dananché, Florence Orsi, Marcel Goldberg, Benedicte Leynaert, Rachel Nadif, Céline Ribet, Nicolas Roche, Yves Roquelaure, Raphäelle Varraso, Marie Zins, Corinne Pilorget, Nicole Le Moual, Orianne Dumas
OBJECTIVES: The impact of chronic occupational exposures to irritants on asthma remains discussed. We studied the associations between occupational exposures and asthma, with specific interest for chronic exposure to irritants, including disinfectants and cleaning products (DCPs) and solvents. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses included 115 540 adults (55% women, mean age 43 years, 10% current asthma) working at inclusion in the French population-based CONSTANCES cohort (2012-2020)...
March 8, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38418223/occupation-specific-risk-estimates-for-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-from-a-swedish-cohort-of-male-construction-workers-followed-1987-2018
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kirsten Mehlig, Kjell Torén, Anthony D LaMontagne, Viktoria Wahlström, Jenny Nyberg, Margda Waern, Maria Åberg
OBJECTIVES: While suicidal behaviour has become less prevalent in non-manual workers in recent decades, rates have increased in manual workers. We aimed to identify occupations within the construction industry with excess risk of suicide and non-fatal self-harm. METHODS: This cohort of Swedish construction workers comprises 389 132 individuals examined 1971-1993 and followed 1987-2018 using national hospital and cause of death registers. More than 200 job titles were merged into 22 occupational groups...
February 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38418222/changes-in-work-schedule-affect-headache-frequency-among-norwegian-nurses-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen, Siri Waage, Staale Pallesen, Bjørn Bjorvatn
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether changes in work schedule, number of night shifts and number of quick returns were related to changes in headache frequencies. METHODS: A longitudinal study with questionnaire data from 2014 (baseline) and 2017 (follow-up) on work schedule (day only, shift work without nights and shift work with nights), number of night shifts, number of quick returns (less than 11 hours in-between shifts) and validated headache diagnoses among 1104 Norwegian nurses...
February 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38378264/ethnic-inequalities-among-nhs-staff-in-england-workplace-experiences-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca Rhead, Lisa Harber-Aschan, Juliana Onwumere, Catherine Polling, Sarah Dorrington, Annahita Ehsan, Sharon A M Stevelink, Kamlesh Khunti, Ghazala Mir, Richard Morriss, Simon Wessely, Charlotte Woodhead, Stephani Hatch
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine how workplace experiences of National Health Service (NHS) staff varied by ethnicity during the COVID-19 pandemic and how these experiences are associated with mental and physical health at the time of the study. METHODS: An online Inequalities Survey was conducted by the Tackling Inequalities and Discrimination Experiences in Health Services study in collaboration with NHS CHECK. This Inequalities Survey collected measures relating to workplace experiences (such as personal protective equipment (PPE), risk assessments, redeployments and discrimination) as well as mental health (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)), and physical health (PHQ-15) from NHS staff working in the 18 trusts participating with the NHS CHECK study between February and October 2021 (N=4622)...
February 20, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38378263/notification-of-hand-eczema-as-an-occupational-disease-among-danish-hairdressers-a-national-survey-on-patients-perception
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christoffer Kursawe Larsen, Martin S Havmose, Jeanne Duus Johansen
OBJECTIVES: Self-reported hand eczema was previously found under-reported as an occupational disease to the authorities among Danish hairdressers graduating from 1985 to 2007. This study investigates whether self-reported hand eczema among Danish hairdressers graduating from 2008 to 2018 is under-reported as an occupational disease to the authorities. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on all Danish hairdressers graduating from 2008 to 2018 was conducted. The participants were identified using information from the Danish Hairdressers' and Beauticians' Union...
February 20, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38360725/legionnaires-disease-in-transportation-construction-and-other-occupations-in-39-us-jurisdictions-2014-2016
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laurel Harduar Morano, Bozena M Morawski, Carolyn T A Herzig, Chris Edens, Albert E Barskey, Sara E Luckhaupt
BACKGROUND: Certain workers are at increased risk for acquiring Legionnaires' disease compared with other workers. This study aims to identify occupations at increased risk for acquiring Legionnaires' disease. METHODS: Using data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Supplemental Legionnaires' Disease Surveillance System, this study identified Legionnaires' disease confirmed patients ≥16 years of age in 39 states with reported symptom onset during 2014-2016...
February 15, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38331568/effectiveness-of-the-coordinated-return-to-work-model-after-orthopaedic-surgery-for-lumbar-discectomy-and-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-register-based-study
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Piia Lavikainen, Jari Heiskanen, Kari Jalkanen, Aku-Ville Lehtimäki, Saara Vehkala, Pauliina Kangas, Kaj Husman, Ilkka Vohlonen, Janne Martikainen
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effectiveness of an individualised Coordinated Return to Work (CRtW) model on the length of the return to work (RTW) period compared with a standard prescription of 2-3 months RTW during recovery after lumbar discectomy and hip and knee arthroplasty among Finnish working-age population. METHODS: Cohorts on patients aged 18-65 years old with lumbar discectomy or hip or knee arthroplasty were extracted from the electronic health records of eight Finnish hospital districts in 2015-2021 and compiled with retirement and sickness benefits...
February 8, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38316515/variation-in-occupational-exposure-risk-for-covid-19-workers-compensation-claims-across-pandemic-waves-in-ontario
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peter M Smith, Qing Liao, Faraz Shahidi, Aviroop Biswas, Lynda S Robson, Victoria Landsman, Cameron Mustard
OBJECTIVES: To understand rates of work-related COVID-19 (WR-C19) infection by occupational exposures across waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We combined workers' compensation claims for COVID-19 with data from Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey, to estimate rates of WR-C19 among workers spending the majority of their working time at the workplace between 1 April 2020 and 30 April 2022. Occupational exposures, imputed using a job exposure matrix, were whether the occupation was public facing, proximity to others at work, location of work and a summary measure of low, medium and high occupational exposure...
February 5, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38233128/association-of-firefighting-exposures-with-lung-function-using-a-novel-job-exposure-matrix-jem
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David G Goldfarb, David J Prezant, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Charles B Hall, Theresa Schwartz, Yang Liu, Ilias G Kavouras
OBJECTIVES: Characterisation of firefighters' exposures to dangerous chemicals in smoke from non-wildfire incidents, directly through personal monitoring and indirectly from work-related records, is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between smoke particle exposures (P) and pulmonary function. METHODS: The study period spanned from January 2010 through September 2021. Routine firefighting P were estimated using fire incident characteristics, response data and emission factors from a novel job exposure matrix...
February 2, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228388/epidemiology-of-work-related-fall-injuries-resulting-in-hospitalisation-individual-and-work-risk-factors-and-severity
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Win Wah, Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Karen Walker-Bone
OBJECTIVES: Injuries at work are common and costly for individuals and employers. A common mechanism of workplace injury is through falls, but there have been few epidemiological studies of risk factors. This study aimed to identify patient, work and injury factors associated with injuries causing hospitalisation after falling at work in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Data came from work-related hospitalised injury admissions, identified by International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision Australian Modification codes and compensation status, from Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset between 1 July 2017 and 30 June 2022...
February 2, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38199811/agricultural-exposure-and-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-in-the-agriculture-and-cancer-agrican-cohort
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marine Renier, Juliette Hippert, Weiswald Louis-Bastien, Séverine Tual, Matthieu Meryet-Figuiere, Nicolas Vigneron, Elisabeth Marcotullio, Isabelle Baldi, Pierre Lebailly
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is rare with a poor prognosis and few established risk factors. Hormones and reproductive factors significantly impact its development, suggesting a potential link with endocrine disrupters. METHODS: In the AGRICAN cohort, 59 391 female farmers completed data on lifelong agricultural exposures and reproductive life. Cox models with attained age as timescale (HR and 95% CI) were used. The role of hormonal factors as potential confounders was considered along with specific time windows for exposure (childhood, puberty and menopause)...
February 2, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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