Journals Occupational and Environmental...

Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Leonard H T Go, Kirsten S Almberg, Lee S Friedman, Lauren Zell-Baran, Cecile S Rose, Robert A Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Spirometry is the primary lung function test utilised for medical surveillance and disability examination for coal mine dust lung disease. However, spirometry likely underestimates physiologic impairment. We sought to characterise abnormalities of single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO ) among a population of former coal miners. METHODS: Data from 3115 former coal miners evaluated at a West Virginia black lung clinic between 2006 and 2015 were retrospectively analysed to study the association between diffusion impairment (abnormally low DLCO ), resting spirometry and the presence and severity of coal workers' pneumoconiosis on chest radiography...
June 17, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jag Sunderram, Alicia Legard, Adriana De Resende, Kathleen Black, Iris G Udasin, Shou-En Lu, Horacio Romero Castillo, Sri Saranya Ravi, Anna E Mullins, Rafael E de la Hoz, David M Rapoport, Indu Ayappa
OBJECTIVE: Examine sensory function of the upper airway in four groups of subjects recruited from the World Trade Centre General Responder Cohort (WTCGRC), with/without obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and with/without chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: Upper airway sensory function was determined using 2-point discrimination (2-PD) and vibration threshold (VT) in 163 WTCGRC subjects with both OSA and CRS (cases), OSA or CRS alone and without OSA or CRS (controls)...
June 13, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Karl Kilbo Edlund, Eva M Andersson, Martin Andersson, Lars Barregard, Anders Christensson, Sandra Johannesson, Florencia Harari, Nicola Murgia, Kjell Torén, Leo Stockfelt
OBJECTIVES: Increasing epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests that particle exposure is an environmental risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, only a few case-control studies have investigated this association in an occupational setting. Hence, our objective was to investigate associations between particle exposure and CKD in a large cohort of Swedish construction workers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in the Swedish Construction Workers' Cohort, recruited 1971-1993 (n=286 089)...
May 29, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Stephanie Mathieson, Alex Collie, Christopher G Maher, Christina Abdel Shaheed, Ting Xia, Stephen Gilbert, Giovanni E Ferreira, Michael F Di Donato
OBJECTIVES: The increase in gabapentinoid prescribing is paralleling the increase in serious harms. To describe the low back pain workers compensation population whose management included a gabapentinoid between 2010 and 2017, and determine secular trends in, and factors associated with gabapentinoid use. METHODS: We analysed claim-level and service-level data from the Victorian workers' compensation programme between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2017 for workers with an accepted claim for a low back pain injury and who had programme-funded gabapentinoid dispensing...
May 23, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Alexander Keil, Gregory Haber, Barry Graubard, Patricia A Stewart, Debra Silverman, Stella Koutros
OBJECTIVES: To inform the potential human carcinogenicity of acrylonitrile, we estimate associations between acrylonitrile exposures and lung cancer mortality in US workers with the objectives of (1) assessing potential for healthy worker survivor bias and (2) adjusting for this bias while assessing the expected lung cancer mortality under different hypothetical occupational exposure limits on acrylonitrile exposure using the parametric g-formula. METHODS: We used data from a cohort of 25 460 workers at facilities making or using acrylonitrile in the USA...
May 20, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Hongyu Ru, Alexandra L Lee, Kristen M Rappazzo, Michael Dzierlenga, Elizabeth Radke, Thomas F Bateson, J Michael Wright
We examined the association between mean birth weight (BW) differences and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) exposure biomarkers.We fit a random effects model to estimate the overall pooled effect and for different strata based on biomarker sample timing and overall study confidence. We also conducted an analysis to examine the impact of a continuous measure of gestational age sample timing on the overall pooled effect.We detected a -7.9 g (95% CI -15.0 to -0.7; pQ =0.85; I2 =0%) BW decrease per ln ng/mL PFHxS increase based on 27 studies...
May 9, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Elisabeth Framke, Jeppe Karl Sørensen, Ida E H Madsen, Reiner Rugulies
INTRODUCTION: Working in emotionally demanding jobs is associated with an increased risk of temporarily leaving the labour market due to long-term sickness absence. We tested whether employees working in emotionally demanding jobs are also at higher risk of permanently leaving the labour market due to disability pension compared with employees working in jobs that are not emotionally demanding. METHODS: We conducted a 10-year cohort study in the workforce in Denmark (n=1 670 825), aged 30-59 years at baseline, by linking job exposure matrices with nationwide registries on social transfer payments and covariates...
May 6, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Stefan Weetman, Matthew Roche, Todd Leckie, Theophilus Samuels, Luke Hodgson
OBJECTIVES: To assess: (1) the feasibility of novel data collection methods (wearable technology and an application-based psychomotor vigilance test (PVT)), (2) the impact of night shift working on fatigue, both objective and perceived, for doctors working night shifts in acute hospital specialties and (3) the effects of shift intensity and naps obtained on participant fatigue. METHODS: We adopted an innovative, multimodal approach to data collection allowing assessment of objective and perceived measures of fatigue, in addition to markers of shift intensity...
April 24, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ireny Y K Iskandar, David J Gawkrodger, Laura Byrne, Matthew Gittins, Melanie Carder, David Fishwick, Martie van Tongeren
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to metals can be associated with respiratory diseases which can adversely affect the individual's health, finances and employment. Despite this, little is known about the incidence of these respiratory conditions over prolonged periods of time. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the trends in the incidence of work-related respiratory diseases attributed to nickel, chromium and cobalt in the UK. METHODS: Cases of occupational respiratory diseases caused by nickel, chromium or cobalt reported to Surveillance of Work-related and Occupational Respiratory Disease (SWORD), the UK-based surveillance scheme between 1996 and 2019 (inclusive), were extracted and grouped into six 4-year time periods...
April 19, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Emelie Thern, Devy L Elling, Kathryn Badarin, Julio César Hernando Rodríguez, Theo Bodin
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of precarious employment is increasing, particularly among young adults where less is known about the long-term health consequences. The present study aims to test if being precariously employed in young adulthood is associated with an increased risk of alcohol-related morbidity later in life. METHODS: A register-based cohort study was conducted in Sweden. The Swedish Work, Illness, and Labor-market Participation (SWIP) cohort was used to identify individuals who were aged 27 years between 2000 and 2003 ( n =339 403)...
April 16, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Abate Bekele Belachew, Aino K Rantala, Maritta S Jaakkola, Timo T Hugg, Mikhail Sofiev, Jaakko Kukkonen, Jouni J K Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: There is inconsistent evidence of the effects of exposure to ambient air pollution on the occurrence of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in early childhood. We assessed the effects of individual-level prenatal and early life exposure to air pollutants on the risk of LRTIs in early life. METHODS: We studied 2568 members of the population-based Espoo Cohort Study born between 1984 and 1990 and living in 1991 in the City of Espoo, Finland. Exposure assessment was based on dispersion modelling and land-use regression for lifetime residential addresses...
April 10, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Daniel A J Collins, Richard A Bryant, Aimee Gayed, Samuel B Harvey, Mark Deady
BACKGROUND: Corrective service workers (CSWs) are at high risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems. Prevalence rates and help-seeking behaviours are under-researched within this population. AIMS: To assess rates of PTSD and distress, and identify predictors of intention to seek help, among workers at an Australian corrective service agency. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was used to collect data on staff demographics, employment, PTSD symptoms and current distress...
April 10, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Heath Prince, Thomas Boswell, Jason Glaser, Catharina Wesseling, Ashweeta Patnaik, William Martinez-Cuadra
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose with this study is to examine the socioeconomic outcomes associated with chronic kidney disease not related to well-known risk factors (CKDnt) in four communities in Chichigalpa, Nicaragua that are home to a substantial number of sugarcane workers. METHODS: We employed a cluster-based systematic sampling design to identify differences in outcomes between those households affected directly by CKDnt and those that are not. RESULTS: Overall, we find that approximately one-third of households surveyed had a household member diagnosed with CKDnt...
June 3, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Janneke Berecki-Gisolf, Win Wah, Karen Walker-Bone
OBJECTIVES: Hospital attendance related to fire, flame or smoke exposure is commonly associated with work. The aim of this study was to examine time trends and risk factors for work-related fire/flame/smoke injuries in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: This study was based on emergency department (ED) presentation records from the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset, 2003-2021. Cases were people aged 15-74 years with injury-related ED presentations, if cause of injury was recorded as fire/flame/smoke, based on coded data and/or narratives...
June 3, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
(no author information available yet)
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April 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Sara De Matteis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Charlotte E Rutter, Martie van Tongeren, Tony Fletcher, Sarah Rhodes, Yiqun Chen, Ian Hall, Nicholas Warren, Neil Pearce
OBJECTIVES: Identify workplace risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection, using data collected by a UK electricity-generating company. METHODS: Using a test-negative design case-control study, we estimated the OR of infection by job category, site, test reason, sex, vaccination status, vulnerability, site outage and site COVID-19 weekly risk rating, adjusting for age, test date and test type. RESULTS: From an original 80 077 COVID-19 tests, there were 70 646 included in the final analysis...
April 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Idia Enogieru, Ashley L Blewitt-Golsch, Lauren J Hart, Sara LeGrand, Kathryn Whetten, Truls Ostbye, Candice Y Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the lifetime prevalence of workplace harassment, physical violence and sexual assault against transgender and non-binary workers targeted due to their gender identity and to identify correlates of this workplace violence. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study used data from 4597 transgender or non-binary respondents from the 2008-2009 National Transgender Discrimination Survey. Respondents reported if they had ever experienced harassment, physical violence or sexual assault at work specifically because of their gender identity...
March 18, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Guillaume Sit, Laurent Orsi, Yuriko Iwatsubo, Brigitte Dananché, Florence Orsi, Marcel Goldberg, Benedicte Leynaert, Rachel Nadif, Céline Ribet, Nicolas Roche, Yves Roquelaure, Raphäelle Varraso, Marie Zins, Corinne Pilorget, Nicole Le Moual, Orianne Dumas
OBJECTIVES: The impact of chronic occupational exposures to irritants on asthma remains discussed. We studied the associations between occupational exposures and asthma, with specific interest for chronic exposure to irritants, including disinfectants and cleaning products (DCPs) and solvents. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses included 115 540 adults (55% women, mean age 43 years, 10% current asthma) working at inclusion in the French population-based CONSTANCES cohort (2012-2020)...
March 8, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kirsten Mehlig, Kjell Torén, Anthony D LaMontagne, Viktoria Wahlström, Jenny Nyberg, Margda Waern, Maria Åberg
OBJECTIVES: While suicidal behaviour has become less prevalent in non-manual workers in recent decades, rates have increased in manual workers. We aimed to identify occupations within the construction industry with excess risk of suicide and non-fatal self-harm. METHODS: This cohort of Swedish construction workers comprises 389 132 individuals examined 1971-1993 and followed 1987-2018 using national hospital and cause of death registers. More than 200 job titles were merged into 22 occupational groups...
February 28, 2024: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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