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Neurology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31519779/mri-based-thrombolytic-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-presenting-with-a-low-nihss
#1
Shahram Majidi, Marie Luby, John K Lynch, Amie W Hsia, Richard T Benson, Chandni P Kalaria, Zurab Nadareishvili, Lawrence L Latour, Richard Leigh
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of patients with stroke presenting with minor deficits remains controversial, and the recent Potential of rtPA for Ischemic Strokes with Mild Symptoms (PRISMS) trial, which randomized patients to thrombolysis vs aspirin, did not show benefit. We studied the safety and efficacy of thrombolysis in a population of patients with acute stroke presenting with low NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores screened using MRI. METHODS: The NIH Natural History of Stroke database was reviewed from January 2006 to December 2016 to identify all patients with an initial NIHSS score ≤5 who received thrombolysis within 4...
September 13, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31519778/white-matter-hyperintensity-burden-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-treated-with-thrombectomy
#2
Grégoire Boulouis, Nicolas Bricout, Wagih Benhassen, Marc Ferrigno, Guillaume Turc, Martin Bretzner, Joseph Benzakoun, Pierre Seners, Thomas Personnic, Laurence Legrand, Denis Trystram, Christine Rodriguez-Regent, Andreas Charidimou, Natalia S Rost, Serge Bracard, Charlotte Cordonnier, Catherine Oppenheim, Olivier Naggara, Hilde Henon
INTRODUCTION: To determine the influence of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) burden on functional outcome, rate of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), and procedural success in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treated by mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with current stentriever/aspiration devices. METHODS: Patients with AIS due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) from the Thrombectomie des Artères Cérébrales (THRACE) trial and prospective cohorts from 2 academic comprehensive stroke centers treated with MT were pooled and retrospectively analyzed...
September 13, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31519777/mechanical-thrombectomy-in-acute-stroke-paying-attention-to-white-matter-hyperintensities
#3
EDITORIAL
Nils Henninger, Johannes Kaesmacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31515290/risk-of-natalizumab-associated-pml-in-patients-with-ms-is-reduced-with-extended-interval-dosing
#4
Lana Zhovtis Ryerson, John Foley, Ih Chang, Ilya Kister, Gary Cutter, Ryan R Metzger, Judith D Goldberg, Xiaochun Li, Evan Riddle, Karen Smirnakis, Rachna Kasliwal, Zheng Ren, Christophe Hotermans, Pei-Ran Ho, Nolan Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To use the large dataset from the Tysabri Outreach: Unified Commitment to Health (TOUCH) program to compare progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) risk with natalizumab extended interval dosing (EID) vs standard interval dosing (SID) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included anti-JC virus antibody-positive patients (n = 35,521) in the TOUCH database as of June 1, 2017. The effect of EID on PML risk was evaluated with 3 planned analyses using Kaplan-Meier methods stratified by prior immunosuppressant use...
September 12, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31515289/do-good-things-come-to-those-who-wait-dosing-interval-of-natalizumab-in-ms
#5
EDITORIAL
David B Clifford, Kenneth L Tyler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31511351/long-term-health-related-quality-of-life-in-262-patients-with-brain-arteriovenous-malformation
#6
Anni Pohjola, Elias Oulasvirta, Risto P Roine, Harri P Sintonen, Ahmad Hafez, Päivi Koroknay-Pál, Hanna Lehto, Mika Niemelä, Aki Laakso
OBJECTIVE: To discover the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with treated arteriovenous malformation (AVM), we used the self-applicable HRQOL instrument, the 15D, and analyzed the scores in both in the whole study population and specified cohorts. METHODS: The 15D questionnaires were mailed to adult patients with AVM alive in 2016 (n = 432) in our database. Patients with completely eradicated AVM (n = 262) were included in a subsequent analysis...
September 11, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31511350/introducing-the-associate-editors-for-equity-diversity-and-inclusion-aligning-editorial-leadership-with-core-values-in-neurology%C3%A2
#7
EDITORIAL
Roy H Hamilton, Holly E Hinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31511349/amyloid-and-cerebrovascular-burden-divergently-influence-brain-functional-network-changes-over-time
#8
Joanna Su Xian Chong, Hyemin Jang, Hee Jin Kim, Kwun Kei Ng, Duk L Na, Jae Hong Lee, Sang Won Seo, Juan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of baseline Alzheimer disease and cerebrovascular disease markers on longitudinal default mode network (DMN) and executive control network (ECN) functional connectivity (FC) changes in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: We studied 30 patients with amnestic MCI (aMCI) and 55 patients with subcortical vascular MCI (svMCI) with baseline Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB)-PET scans and longitudinal MRI scans. Participants were followed up clinically with annual MRI for up to 4 years (aMCI: 26 with 2 timepoints, 4 with 3 timepoints; svMCI: 13 with 2 timepoints, 16 with 3 timepoints, 26 with 4 timepoints)...
September 11, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31511348/characteristics-of-acquired-transthyretin-amyloidosis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Yohei Misumi, Mitsuharu Ueda, Teruaki Masuda, Yukimoto Tsuda, Toshiya Nomura, Masamitsu Okada, Yasuteru Inoue, Masayoshi Tasaki, Konen Obayashi, Taro Yamashita, Yukio Ando
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the clinical characteristics of acquired ATTR amyloidosis after domino liver transplantation (DLT) with liver grafts explanted from patients with hereditary variant ATTR (ATTRv) amyloidosis. METHODS: We evaluated the presence of amyloid deposits and clinical symptoms in 30 recipients of domino liver transplants (24 men and 6 women) who underwent DLT with liver grafts explanted from patients with ATTRv amyloidosis. We analyzed symptoms and measures of 7 cases of symptomatic acquired ATTR amyloidosis and compared those with 30 patients with ATTRv amyloidosis who were the domino liver donors...
September 11, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31501228/intrathecal-igm-production-is-a-strong-risk-factor-for-early-conversion-to-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Catherina Pfuhl, Ulrike Grittner, René M Gieß, Michael Scheel, Janina R Behrens, Ludwig Rasche, Florence C Pache, Rüdiger Wenzel, Alexander U Brandt, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Friedemann Paul, Klemens Ruprecht, Johanna Oechtering
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate intrathecal immunoglobulin M (IgM) production, as compared to previously established risk factors, as risk factor for conversion from clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to explore the association of intrathecal IgM production with onset age and radiologic and CSF findings in CIS/early MS. METHODS: Comprehensive CSF data, including oligoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) bands (OCB) and calculated intrathecal IgM and IgG production, were collected in a prospective study of 150 patients with CIS/early MS with regular clinical and MRI assessments...
September 9, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31492720/alternating-hemiplegia-and-paroxysmal-torticollis-caused-by-scn4a-mutation-a-new-phenotype
#11
Bi Chun Duan, Lee-Chin Wong, Wang-Tso Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31492719/insufficient-cerebral-venous-drainage-predicts-early-edema-in-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#12
Lin Chen, Mengjun Xu, Shenqiang Yan, Zhongyu Luo, Lusha Tong, Min Lou
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between insufficient ipsilateral cerebral venous drainage and the development of perihematomal edema (PHE) and functional outcome in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospectively collected database for patients with acute spontaneous supratentorial ICH and analyzed patients who underwent baseline CT perfusion (CTP) within 6 hours of onset and noncontrast CT at 24 hours...
September 6, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31492718/low-dose-ladostigil-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-phase-2-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Lon S Schneider, Yona Geffen, Jonathan Rabinowitz, Ronald G Thomas, Reinhold Schmidt, Stefan Ropele, Marta Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: Ladostigil reduces oxidative stress and microglial activation in aging rats. We assessed its safety and potential efficacy in a 3-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 clinical trial in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and medial temporal lobe atrophy. METHODS: Patients 55 to 85 years of age with MCI, Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0.5, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score >24, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised Verbal Paired Associates I score ≤18, and Medial Temporal Lobe Atrophy Scale score >1 were stratified by APOE ε4 genotype and randomly assigned (1:1) to ladostigil 10 mg/d or placebo...
September 6, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31492717/navigating-monoclonal-antibody-use-in-breastfeeding-women-do-no-harm-or-do-little-good
#14
REVIEW
Sara C LaHue, Amy A Gelfand, Riley M Bove
Many neurologic diseases disproportionately affect women, particularly during their reproductive years. For many of these diseases, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are becoming widely available as a treatment option, for example, in migraine, multiple sclerosis, and myasthenia gravis. Yet, despite how common pregnancy is (latest estimates suggest that 86% of US women ages 40-44 have given birth), there is a paucity of research on the safety of prescription medications, including mAbs, during the peripartum period...
September 6, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31492716/fat-oxidation-is-impaired-during-exercise-in-lipin-1-deficiency
#15
Daniel Raaschou-Pedersen, Karen L Madsen, Mads G Stemmerik, Anne-Sofie V Eisum, Volker Straub, John Vissing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate substrate metabolism during exercise in an adult with lipin-1 deficiency, an inherited defect in lipid homeostasis, and to study the effect of glucose supplementation on his exercise tolerance. METHODS: We studied a 48-year-old man with lipin-1 deficiency and 2 healthy men. The patient has exercise intolerance and monthly episodes of rhabdomyolysis. All participants performed a submaximal exercise test while total fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and palmitate oxidation rate were assessed by stable isotope technique and indirect calorimetry...
September 6, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31488615/combination-therapy-with-nusinersen-and-avxs-101-in-sma-type-1
#16
Bo Hoon Lee, Erin Collins, Leann Lewis, Debra Guntrum, Katy Eichinger, Karen Voter, Hoda Z Abdel-Hamid, Emma Ciafaloni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31488614/spinal-muscular-atrophy-further-expanding-the-clinician-s-armamentarium
#17
EDITORIAL
John F Brandsema, Charlotte J Sumner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31484717/progressive-supranuclear-palsy-is-not-associated-with-neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension
#18
Jay A van Gerpen, Rana Hanna Al-Shaikh, Philip W Tipton, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Ryan J Uitti, Tanis J Ferman, Dennis W Dickson, Eduardo E Benarroch, Wolfgang Singer, Jeremy K Cutsforth-Gregory, Michael G Heckman, Danielle E Brushaber, Keith A Josephs, Phillip A Low, J Eric Ahlskog, William P Cheshire
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern and severity of autonomic dysfunction in autopsy-confirmed progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) compared to α-synuclein pathology. METHODS: Autopsy-confirmed cases of 14 patients with PSP, 18 with multiple system atrophy (MSA), and 24 with Lewy body disease (LBD) with antemortem autonomic testing were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent comprehensive clinical evaluations by a movement disorder specialist, formal autonomic testing, and postmortem examinations at Mayo Clinic...
September 4, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31484716/raising-serum-urate-levels-in-parkinson-disease-a-strategy-only-for-women
#19
EDITORIAL
Angel Chamorro, Pablo Mir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31484715/disruption-of-the-ascending-arousal-network-in-acute-traumatic-disorders-of-consciousness
#20
Samuel B Snider, Yelena G Bodien, Marta Bianciardi, Emery N Brown, Ona Wu, Brian L Edlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ascending arousal network (AAn) connectivity is reduced in patients presenting with traumatic coma. METHODS: We performed high-angular-resolution diffusion imaging in 16 patients with acute severe traumatic brain injury who were comatose on admission and in 16 matched controls. We used probabilistic tractography to measure the connectivity probability (CP) of AAn axonal pathways linking the brainstem tegmentum to the hypothalamus, thalamus, and basal forebrain...
September 4, 2019: Neurology
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