Journals Journal of Oral and Maxillofac...

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Damla Torul, Mehmet Melih Omezli, Tolunay Avci, Ibrahim Selcuk Esin
PURPOSE: Third molar surgery is one of the most commonly performed operations, usually associated with high anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine if patients' anxiety would reduce if consent was modified to match their dominant intelligence type (DIT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A singlecenter, prospective randomized clinical study was conducted in the Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic of Ordu University on patients admitted for lower third molar removal between October 2020 and June 2021...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Andrew M Read-Fuller, Daniel A Hammer, Myron R Tucker
PURPOSE: Training during oral and maxillofacial surgery residency must include exposure to the scope of the specialty, but success in practice often requires particular experience and knowledge of complex oral regenerative procedures such as bone grafting and implant surgery, as well as practice management. The Osteo Science Foundation created the Clinical Observership Program (COP) in 2017 to provide residents the opportunity to spend several weeks in an established OMS practice to increase experience in these areas...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Michael N Megafu, Emmanuel C Megafu, Janet T Nguyen, Hassan S Mian, Sulabh S Singhal, Robert L Parisien
BACKGROUND: The P value has often been used as a tool to determine the statistical significance and evaluate the statistical robustness of study findings in orthopedic literature. The purpose of this study is to apply both the fragility index (FI) and the fragility quotient (FQ) to evaluate the degree of statistical fragility in orbital fracture literature. We hypothesized that the dichotomous outcomes within the orbital fracture literature will be vulnerable to a small number of outcome event reversals and will be statistically fragile...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Gözde Işık, Selin Kenç, Banu Özveri Koyuncu, Sevtap Günbay, Tayfun Günbay
PURPOSE: Many studies have reported the role of arthrocentesis to alleviate symptoms of patients with disc displacement without reduction (DDWoR). Nevertheless, the benefit of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to answer the following question: among patients with DDWoR, do those treated with intra-articular injection of i-PRF after arthrocentesis, when compared to those treated with arthrocentesis only, have better clinical outcomes in terms of pain reduction and improvement of jaw movement? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind randomized, controlled study included patients with diagnosed DDWoR, in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the School of Dentistry, Ege University, who had localized joint pain and limited range of motion...
March 13, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Pravin Lambade, Pawan Dawane, Dhanashri Mali
PURPOSE: The evaluation of mandibular third molar (M3) difficulty is extremely important. This study aims to measure the association between preoperative Lambade-Dawane-Mali's (LDM) M3 difficulty index and postoperative assessment of difficulty score. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included patients with impacted M3 reported to the Department of OMFS, RRK Dental College, Akola, from 2017 to 2022. The preoperative surgical difficulty was estimated using the predictor, LDM index with scores, easy (15-25), moderate (25-30), and difficult (>30)...
March 13, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Wendall Mascarenhas, Daniel Richmond, Genevieve Chiasson
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to create an online, web-based training module that would instruct a group of participants in the interpretation of a magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) scan in a logical, step-wise manner to locate and identify all relevant features of internal derangement. The investigator's hypothesis was implementing the MRRead TMJ training module would improve the participants' competency in the interpretation of MRI TMJ scans...
March 10, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Daniel Hyneman, Jack Coburn, Lillian Bellfi, Andrew G Chapple, Brian J Christensen
BACKGROUND: While recent literature suggests antibiotics are not needed in patients with nonoperative facial fractures involving sinuses, the existing studies do not focus on critically injured patients who are known to be at higher risk for sinusitis and ventilator-associated pneumonia, which could be exacerbated by facial fractures. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if antibiotics reduce the rate of infectious complications in critically injured patients who have blunt midfacial trauma treated nonoperatively...
March 8, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Lindsay Pius, Snigdha Jindal, Cory M Resnick
PURPOSE: Difficult airway teams (DATs) are typically present to assist intubation at the initial mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) operation for infants with Robin sequence (RS). In some institutions, the RS diagnosis triggers a "difficult airway" label for the infant, requiring DAT presence for future operations. By the time of distractor removal, however, breathing and airway anatomy are significantly improved. The objective of this study was to measure intubation difficulty and perioperative respiratory complications at MDO device removal as a proxy for the necessity for coordination with a DAT...
March 7, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Benjamin Palla, Fréderic Van der Cruyssen, Yifei Huang, Michael Miloro
PURPOSE: Persistent trigeminal neuropathy (PTN) is associated with high rates of depression, loss of work, and decreased quality of life (QoL). Nerve allograft repair can achieve functional sensory recovery in a predictable manner; however, it bears significant upfront costs. In patients suffering from PTN, is surgical repair with allogeneic nerve graft, when compared to non-surgical therapy, a more cost-effective treatment option? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Markov model was constructed with TreeAge Pro Healthcare 2022 (TreeAge Software, Massachusetts) to estimate the direct and indirect costs for PTN...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Laura Verde, Mario Fernando Muñoz-Guerra, Francisco J Rodríguez-Campo, Verónica Escorial
Arthroscopy of the temporomandibular joint is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Nowadays, 3 levels are described depending on the complexity. Level I involves a single puncture with an anterior irrigating needle for outflow. Level II involves a double puncture using triangulation in order to be able to perform minor operative maneuvers. Subsequently, it is possible to progress to Level III and perform more advanced techniques, through multiple punctures, involving the arthroscopic canula and 2 or more working cannulas...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Xue Li, Meijun Tian, Yilan Deng, Tingzhi She, Ke Li
OBJECTIVES: Although midazolam is commonly used to sedate patients with dental anxiety, it has shortcomings that reduce the satisfaction of patients and doctors. The aim of this study was therefore to explore the advantages of remimazolam as a sedative. METHODS: The study design was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Patients with dental anxiety and who were to undergo impacted tooth removal were randomized into remimazolam and midazolam groups. They were sedated with remimazolam or midazolam prior to receiving nerve blocker...
February 24, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Kevin Coppelson, David Hatcher, Gloria Nguyen, Isabella Summersgill, Hilary Pada, Hal Stewart, Tim Herre, Michael Hansen, Soroush Zaghi
PURPOSE: Radiographic analysis is often used as a screening tool to assess for risk of sleep-related breathing disorders. This study aimed to address 2 questions: (1) Does head posture significantly affect the minimum cross-sectional area (MCA)? and (2) Is the NBC3 (nasion-basion-C3) angle a reliable measurement to control for alteration of head position in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans? METHODS: Study design: prospective cohort study. SETTING: Private practices affiliated with a research institution...
February 22, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Payal Verma, Chad Curtis, Raghu D Darisi, Kassie J Hooker, Brianna Yin, Anshya Tewari, Reese R Triana, Deepak G Krishnan
PURPOSE: Little is known about the association between psychiatric illness and the risk for postoperative complications following outpatient oral and maxillofacial surgery treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine the significance of the presence of psychiatric illness on postoperative complications. MATERIALS/METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in 2018 that identified patients by searching through the University of Cincinnati's electronic health records...
February 22, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Michael D Han, Tae-Geon Kwon, Michael Miloro, Sayan Chakrabarty
PURPOSE: While regional voxel-based registration (R-VBR) has been shown to have excellent reproducibility and angular accuracy, there are limited data on the linear accuracy of R-VBR for common orthognathic surgery landmarks, or on whether angular accuracy correlates with linear accuracy. The purpose of this study was to estimate the linear accuracy of R-VBR for several skeletal landmarks commonly used in orthognathic surgical planning, and to measure the correlation between angular and linear discrepancies...
February 21, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Mohamed Hazem Abdelazeem, Salma Aboelela, Ozgur Erdogan
PURPOSE: Extraoral approaches for open reduction and fixation of condylar fractures in children are associated with serious risks of complications, including facial nerve injury, facial scarring, parotid fistula, and auriculotemporal nerve injury. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes of transoral endoscopic-assisted open reduction and internal fixation of condylar fractures and hardware removal in pediatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective case series...
February 18, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vincent Tran, Mustafa Mian, Subhashaan Sreedharan, Ross Robertson, Anik Saha, Santosh Kumar Tadakamadla, Kai Lee
PURPOSE: E-cigarettes have become increasingly popular devices used to consume nicotine in recent years. There is a growing body of evidence regarding the risk of spontaneous explosion of these devices causing burn and projectile injuries. The primary purpose of this review was to summarize all injuries to the oral and maxillofacial region secondary to explosion of e-cigarettes. The secondary purpose was to propose an initial management algorithm for such injuries based on the findings in the literature...
February 14, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Shaimaa Mohsen Refahee, Inass Abdelrahaman Aboulmagd, Reham Ragab Abd Rabbou Ali, Omniya Abdel Aziz, Walaa Abd El Aty Ahmed, Alshaimaa Ahmed Shabaan
PURPOSE: Pain, swelling, limitation of the mouth opening, development of intra-bony defects, and bone loss are common side effects of removing the impacted third molar. The purpose of this study was to measure the association of applying melatonin in the socket of an impacted mandibular third molar with osteogenic activity and the anti-inflammatory effects. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, blinded trial comprised of patients who required removal of the impacted mandibular third molar...
February 13, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Güzin Neda Hasanoğlu Erbasar, Kevser Tutunculer Sancak
PURPOSE: Offering preoperative information is one option to help patients cope with the anxiety associated with oral surgical procedures. Although this information is commonly delivered verbally, written information, audio recordings, and videos are also recommended. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different preoperative information techniques on patients' anxiety levels before and after third molar tooth extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial with parallel groups was performed...
February 9, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Pooja Gangwani, David Lillian, Joshua Dobbins, Changyong Feng, John Vorrasi, Antonia Kolokythas
PURPOSE: The prevalence of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) use is increasing in the general population due to its increased availability, legality, and cultural acceptability. The purpose of the current study was to measure the association of THC use on the vital signs and anesthetic requirements during intravenous (IV) sedation procedures in recreational marijuana users. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. A study sample was chosen from July 2018 to May 2022 based on the following inclusion criteria: patients who underwent toxicology screening due to their history of recent drug use and received IV sedation...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Alsafa Al-Badran, Susanne Bierbaum, Cornelia Wolf-Brandstetter
PURPOSE: Multiple preparation protocols for platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) are in use today, and clinical results are often heterogeneous. This study analyzes the impact of the chosen PRF preparation protocol on 1) wound healing and 2) alveolar ridge preservation. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, eligible studies were identified in PubMed and Cochrane databases. Included were randomized controlled and controlled clinical trials with healthy patients treated with PRF after atraumatic tooth extraction compared to untreated socket(s), reporting at least one of the following outcome variables: pain, swelling, soft tissue healing, alveolar osteitis risk, horizontal and vertical bone loss, socket fill, and new bone formation...
January 31, 2023: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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