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Journals Journal of Occupational and En...

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38664960/effect-of-covid-19-infection-on-presenteeism-cohort-study-using-large-health-insurance-based-data-in-japan
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chikara Miyaji, Tomoko Kobayashi, Hiroshi Habu, Akikazu Hagiyama, Yoshiharu Horie, Soshi Takao
OBJECTIVE: Presenteeism occurs when employees attend work despite experiencing problems and ill-health that require sick leave. This study examined whether presenteeism worsened following COVID-19 infection. METHODS: We used the DeSC, a large health insurance claims database. Participants were 9,241 individuals who responded to questionnaires at baseline (June 2020) and 6 months later, had been continuously insured for at least 6 months prior to baseline, and reported being employed...
April 25, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38664957/impact-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-tuberculosis-and-latent-tuberculosis-infection-diagnosis-in-healthcare-workers
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Luciana Rott Monaiar, Karen Gomes D'Avila, Emanuelle Bianchi Soccol, André Kulzer Santos, Raimunda Sinthia Lima de Braga, Fábio Fernandes Dantas Filho, Denise Rossato Silva
OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of LTBI and TB in the pre-pandemic period (2017-2019) with the pandemic period (2020-2022), in a group of HCW. METHODS: Retrospective study. Data on TB diagnosis was retrieved from the hospital information system database. All HCWs who underwent tuberculin skin test (TST) from January 2017 to December 2022 were included in the study. RESULTS: In the pre-pandemic period (2017-2019), 163 HCW out of 710 were TST positive (22...
April 25, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38664952/perceived-work-demands-and-emergency-department-crowding-as-predictors-of-objective-stress-among-emergency-physicians-a-shift-level-approach
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thomas W Britt, Ronald G Pirrallo, Patrick J Rosopa, Emily Hirsh, Phillip Moschella, Alexxa Bessey, Zachary Klinefelter, Caroline Barrows, Kaustubha Reddy, Madisen Faulkner, Lauren A Fowler
OBJECTIVE: To understand shift-level determinants of emergency physician (EP) burnout, relationships were tested between EP shift demands, stress, and fatigue. METHOD: EP (N = 16) were assessed over 114 shifts that occurred before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Salivary cortisol (an indicator of stress) and self-reported fatigue were collected prior to and following each shift. An objective crowding score (NEDOCS) per shift was calculated. Shift demands were assessed at the end of each shift...
April 25, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38664951/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-noise-exposed-u-s-workers-within-the-utilities-sector-2010-2019
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elizabeth A Masterson, Christa L Themann
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to estimate hearing loss prevalence for noise-exposed U.S. Utilities workers. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of a retrospective cohort, audiograms were examined for 1.3 million workers (13,595 within Utilities) from 2010-2019. Hearing loss prevalence, and adjusted risk as compared with a reference industry, were estimated. RESULTS: The hearing loss prevalence for noise-exposed Utilities workers (25%) was higher than for noise-exposed workers in all industries combined (20%)...
April 25, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38637911/long-term-impairment-from-irritant-induced-occupational-asthma
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jussi Lantto, Hille Suojalehto, Tuula Vasankari, Kirsi Karvala, Irmeli Lindström
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term physical condition, health-related quality of life, employment, and work ability of irritant-induced asthma (IIA) patients. METHODS: Forty-three IIA patients completed a follow-up questionnaire a median of eight (interquartile range 4-11) years after asthma diagnosis. We compared their results with those of 43 low-molecular-weight (LMW) sensitizer-induced occupational asthma (OA) patients and those of 206 adult-onset asthmatics in the general population...
April 22, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38640944/multilevel-mindfulness-which-organizational-factors-stimulate-mindfulness-in-the-workplace
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Koopmans, D Bruel, E de Geit, R van den Bergh, L Bouwens, E de Korte, N Wiezer, W van der Torre
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine which factors in the organizational context stimulate and/or hinder employee mindfulness. METHODS: Two methods were used: 1) scientific literature review, and 2) qualitative interviews with scientists, trainers and managers. RESULTS: The individual and the work environment interact with each other when it comes to mindfulness in the workplace. Factors at the task, team, supervisor, organizational and context level stimulate employee mindfulness...
April 19, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38640943/the-influence-of-emergency-call-volume-on-occupational-workload-and-sleep-quality-in-urban-firefighters
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jacob D Jelmini, Phillip A Gribble, Mark G Abel, Lauren N Whitehurst, Nicholas R Heebner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of emergency call volume on exertion, autonomic activity, and sleep among urban structural firefighters. METHODS: Thirty-four firefighters wore a wrist-based monitor to track sleep and autonomic parameters and rated their level of perceived exertion (RPE) and subjective sleepiness after a 24-hour shift. Predictive variables included total run time and total run time after 11:59 PM. RESULTS: Total run time and sleep duration accounted for RPE and subjective sleepiness; while total run time and total run time after 11:59 PM accounted for sleep durations on-duty...
April 19, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38640942/unmet-mental-health-needs-among-california-workers-since-the-start-of-the-covid-19-pandemic
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathryn Gibb, David P Bui, Jonah Cox, Nichole Watmore, Ximena P Vergara
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify worker groups with high prevalence of unmet mental health needs to inform employer benefits programs and outreach to increase access to care. METHODS: We conducted a repeated cross-sectional study to understand unmet mental health needs among workers since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic using California Health Interview Survey data from 2013-2021. RESULTS: In 2021, 23.4% (CI: 22.4-24.4) reported unmet mental health needs, an absolute increase of 3...
April 19, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38637910/poor-psychosocial-safety-climate-increases-teleworker-vulnerability-to-suicidal-ideation
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kazuki Kikunaga, Akinori Nakata, Tsukumi Tondokoro, Maureen Dollard
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the leading cause of death among the working-age population in Japan. Unlike task-level occupational factors, the relation between suicidal ideation and psychosocial safety climate (PSC), a crucial organization-level factor to protect workers' psychological health, is understudied, especially among teleworkers. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey was used to select 1,988 participants. A series of multivariable logistic regression analyses with the interaction term of PSC and teleworking arrangements was performed...
April 18, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38626785/law-enforcement-officers-have-an-increased-prevalence-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-that-is-not-explained-by-traditional-risk-factors
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Warren D Franke, Elizabeth C Lefferts, Wesley K Lefferts, Nir Keren, Markus H Flynn, Lincoln Lutrick, Jay J Hinkhouse, Sandra L Ramey, James A Lang
OBJECTIVES: Determine if law enforcement officers develop subclinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) earlier than non-officers and if so, the extent to which conventional risk factors explain this difference. METHODS: Estimated pulse wave velocity (ePWV) was the marker of subclinical ASCVD. EPWV, ASCVD risk factors, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and 10-year risk for ASCVD were compared among 408 law enforcement officers and a civilian cohort. RESULTS: EPWV, 10-year ASCVD risk, and MetS prevalence increased significantly with age...
April 16, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38626784/evaluation-of-hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-owing-to-nerve-conduction-study-and-cumulative-exposure-index-a-2-5-year-cohort-study
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kazunori Ikegami, Keiko Ohnari, Taiki Shirasaka, Satoshi Michii, Hidetaka Yoshitake, Ryosuke Sugano, Hiroki Nozawa, Masayuki Hasegawa, Hajime Ando, Akira Ogami, Hiroaki Adachi
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to clarify the relationship between peripheral neuropathy in hand-arm vibration syndrome and cumulative exposure index. METHODS: 68 participants without symptoms were surveyed. The participants were divided into three groups based on past and current vibration exposure (VE). RESULTS: Comparison among groups according to past VE showed that the median and ulnar sensory nerve conduction velocities and median sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude were significantly lower in past high and low exposure groups than in the past non-exposure group...
April 16, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603581/a-7-month-multi-disciplinary-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-effectively-improved-cardiometabolic-risk-profile-of-firefighters
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D R F Saint-Martin, K A Barreto, E M K Von Koenig Soares, M S Machado, C S S Morais, A M Bonadio Barbosa, R M Nogueira, S D'Isabel, D L Smith, G E Molina, L G Grossi Porto
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of a 7-month healthy lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) among male career military firefighters (FFs). METHODS: 49 FFs participated in a 7-month workplace multi-disciplinary healthy lifestyle intervention designed to reduce CMRF through exercise, diet, and improved sleep. Medical assessments, accelerometry, and surveys at the beginning and end determined program effectiveness. RESULTS: At the end of the intervention period, there was a significant improvement in measures of body composition and blood glucose...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603579/causal-effects-of-high-stress-assessed-via-interviews-on-mental-and-physical-health-toward-computer-agent-driven-stress-assessment
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keita Kiuchi, Xin Kang, Ryota Nishimura, Manabu Sasayama, Kazuyuki Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the causal effect of high stress assessment via an interview on the mental and physical health of workers one month later. METHODS: Stress assessment interviews and feedback were conducted with 50 Japanese workers. In addition to the interviewer, two occupational health professionals assessed participants' stress based on recordings. The average treatment effect was estimated by propensity score matching. RESULTS: High stress, according to the interview-based assessment, had a significant negative causal effect on self-reported well-being one month later (95% confidence interval: -3...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595306/improving-access-and-quality-of-behavioral-health-services-for-healthcare-employees
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jon Morgenstern, Svetlana Levak, Sean P Madden, Khatiya C Moon, Frederick Muench, Lindsy Koroly, Courtney Bancroft, Megan Grella, Robert J Romano, Manavi Katechia, Manish Sapra
OBJECTIVE: To describe key features and the initial implementation of an employer-sponsored program designed to increase access to quality mental health treatment for employees of a large healthcare system. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on employer's efforts to develop a programmatic solution to address barriers to accessing quality mental health treatment among its employees and on initial program implementation. RESULTS: Data from the initial cohort (N = 1049) of program participants support the use of low threshold digital tools to enhance access to care, the importance of care navigation and a robust curated provider network in matching employees to appropriate care options, and the value of providing online, evidence-based psychotherapy to facilitate high rates of treatment engagement...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595305/the-psychosocial-organizational-and-environmental-stressors-experienced-by-food-service-workers-in-a-hospital-setting-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karen Butcher Kent, Ying Zhang, Enid Chung Roemer, Meghan F Davis, Richard Safeer, Angelo Mojica, Ron Z Goetzel
OBJECTIVE: To identify stressors faced by hospital food service workers amid the COVID-19 pandemic and effective interventions mitigating these stressors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we conducted surveys (n = 305) and interviews (n = 9) in the summer and fall of 2022 with employees in hospital settings to determine the psychosocial, organizational, and environmental stressors they faced during the COVID-19 pandemic and interventions that improved health and well-being...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595273/association-between-air-pollution-and-adolescent-obesity-an-ecological-study
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yulia Treister-Goltzman
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the association between exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and adolescent obesity, and to identify and visualize the world areas where the problems of adolescent obesity and air pollution by fine PM are more severe. METHODS: An ecological study, based on publicly available data from a WHO site. RESULTS: For each increase in air pollution there was an increase in the probability of being in the higher prevalence obesity group (OR = 1...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595272/effects-of-occupational-noise-exposure-on-hearing-loss-regulatory-effect-of-mediterranean-diet
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhi Zhou, Ling Lang, Juan Xie
OBJECTIVE: To assess regulatory effect of Mediterranean diet for occupational noise exposure and hearing loss. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,757 individuals. Weighted logistic regression model was adopted to explore the association of occupational noise exposure and Mediterranean diet with hearing loss, and regulatory effects of the Mediterranean diet for the relationship of occupational noise exposure and hearing loss. RESULTS: Occupational noise exposure was associated with an increased odds of hearing loss...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595269/association-of-chronotype-and-shiftwork-with-covid-19-infection
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stuart F Quan, Matthew D Weaver, Mark É Czeisler, Laura K Barger, Lauren A Booker, Mark E Howard, Melinda L Jackson, Rashon I Lane, Christine F McDonald, Anna Ridgers, Rebecca Robbins, Prerna Varma, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Charles A Czeisler
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses whether chronotype is related to COVID-19 infection and whether there is an interaction with shift work. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 19,821 U.S. adults. RESULTS: COVID-19 infection occurred in 40% of participants, 32.6% morning and 17.2% evening chronotypes. After adjusting for demographic and socioeconomic factors, shift/remote work, sleep duration and comorbidities, morning chronotype was associated with a higher (aOR: 1...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595114/in-response-to-re-tenharmsel-et-al-mortality-among-individuals-diagnosed-with-chronic-beryllium-disease-and-beryllium-sensitization
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hailey TenHarmsel, Ling Wang, Kenneth D Rosenman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595106/cancer-specific-mortality-odds-ratios-in-the-food-accommodation-and-beverage-activities-in-italy
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claudio Gariazzo, Stefania Massari, Dario Consonni, Maria Rosaria Marchetti, Alessandro Marinaccio
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated cancer-specific mortality risks of workers employed in food, accommodation and beverage (FAB) activities. METHODS: We performed a case-control study based on countrywide mortality and National Social Insurance data. Adjusted cancer specific mortality odds ratios (MOR) were calculated. We modelled occupational exposure as "ever/never been employed" in FAB activities, using other sectors as reference. Analysis was performed by gender, length of employment and year of smoke banning...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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