journal
Journals Journal of Occupational and En...

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603581/a-7-month-multi-disciplinary-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-effectively-improved-cardiometabolic-risk-profile-of-firefighters
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D R F Saint-Martin, K A Barreto, E M K Von Koenig Soares, M S Machado, C S S Morais, A M Bonadio Barbosa, R M Nogueira, S D'Isabel, D L Smith, G E Molina, L G Grossi Porto
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of a 7-month healthy lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) among male career military firefighters (FFs). METHODS: 49 FFs participated in a 7-month workplace multi-disciplinary healthy lifestyle intervention designed to reduce CMRF through exercise, diet, and improved sleep. Medical assessments, accelerometry, and surveys at the beginning and end determined program effectiveness. RESULTS: At the end of the intervention period, there was a significant improvement in measures of body composition and blood glucose...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603579/causal-effects-of-high-stress-assessed-via-interviews-on-mental-and-physical-health-toward-computer-agent-driven-stress-assessment
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keita Kiuchi, Xin Kang, Ryota Nishimura, Manabu Sasayama, Kazuyuki Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the causal effect of high stress assessment via an interview on the mental and physical health of workers one month later. METHODS: Stress assessment interviews and feedback were conducted with 50 Japanese workers. In addition to the interviewer, two occupational health professionals assessed participants' stress based on recordings. The average treatment effect was estimated by propensity score matching. RESULTS: High stress, according to the interview-based assessment, had a significant negative causal effect on self-reported well-being one month later (95% confidence interval: -3...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595306/improving-access-and-quality-of-behavioral-health-services-for-healthcare-employees
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jon Morgenstern, Svetlana Levak, Sean P Madden, Khatiya C Moon, Frederick Muench, Lindsy Koroly, Courtney Bancroft, Megan Grella, Robert J Romano, Manavi Katechia, Manish Sapra
OBJECTIVE: To describe key features and the initial implementation of an employer-sponsored program designed to increase access to quality mental health treatment for employees of a large healthcare system. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on employer's efforts to develop a programmatic solution to address barriers to accessing quality mental health treatment among its employees and on initial program implementation. RESULTS: Data from the initial cohort (N = 1049) of program participants support the use of low threshold digital tools to enhance access to care, the importance of care navigation and a robust curated provider network in matching employees to appropriate care options, and the value of providing online, evidence-based psychotherapy to facilitate high rates of treatment engagement...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595305/the-psychosocial-organizational-and-environmental-stressors-experienced-by-food-service-workers-in-a-hospital-setting-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karen Butcher Kent, Ying Zhang, Enid Chung Roemer, Meghan F Davis, Richard Safeer, Angelo Mojica, Ron Z Goetzel
OBJECTIVE: To identify stressors faced by hospital food service workers amid the COVID-19 pandemic and effective interventions mitigating these stressors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we conducted surveys (n = 305) and interviews (n = 9) in the summer and fall of 2022 with employees in hospital settings to determine the psychosocial, organizational, and environmental stressors they faced during the COVID-19 pandemic and interventions that improved health and well-being...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595273/association-between-air-pollution-and-adolescent-obesity-an-ecological-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yulia Treister-Goltzman
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the association between exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and adolescent obesity, and to identify and visualize the world areas where the problems of adolescent obesity and air pollution by fine PM are more severe. METHODS: An ecological study, based on publicly available data from a WHO site. RESULTS: For each increase in air pollution there was an increase in the probability of being in the higher prevalence obesity group (OR = 1...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595272/effects-of-occupational-noise-exposure-on-hearing-loss-regulatory-effect-of-mediterranean-diet
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhi Zhou, Ling Lang, Juan Xie
OBJECTIVE: To assess regulatory effect of Mediterranean diet for occupational noise exposure and hearing loss. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,757 individuals. Weighted logistic regression model was adopted to explore the association of occupational noise exposure and Mediterranean diet with hearing loss, and regulatory effects of the Mediterranean diet for the relationship of occupational noise exposure and hearing loss. RESULTS: Occupational noise exposure was associated with an increased odds of hearing loss...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595269/association-of-chronotype-and-shiftwork-with-covid-19-infection
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stuart F Quan, Matthew D Weaver, Mark É Czeisler, Laura K Barger, Lauren A Booker, Mark E Howard, Melinda L Jackson, Rashon I Lane, Christine F McDonald, Anna Ridgers, Rebecca Robbins, Prerna Varma, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Charles A Czeisler
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses whether chronotype is related to COVID-19 infection and whether there is an interaction with shift work. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 19,821 U.S. adults. RESULTS: COVID-19 infection occurred in 40% of participants, 32.6% morning and 17.2% evening chronotypes. After adjusting for demographic and socioeconomic factors, shift/remote work, sleep duration and comorbidities, morning chronotype was associated with a higher (aOR: 1...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595114/in-response-to-re-tenharmsel-et-al-mortality-among-individuals-diagnosed-with-chronic-beryllium-disease-and-beryllium-sensitization
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hailey TenHarmsel, Ling Wang, Kenneth D Rosenman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595106/cancer-specific-mortality-odds-ratios-in-the-food-accommodation-and-beverage-activities-in-italy
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claudio Gariazzo, Stefania Massari, Dario Consonni, Maria Rosaria Marchetti, Alessandro Marinaccio
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated cancer-specific mortality risks of workers employed in food, accommodation and beverage (FAB) activities. METHODS: We performed a case-control study based on countrywide mortality and National Social Insurance data. Adjusted cancer specific mortality odds ratios (MOR) were calculated. We modelled occupational exposure as "ever/never been employed" in FAB activities, using other sectors as reference. Analysis was performed by gender, length of employment and year of smoke banning...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595103/responsible-development-of-emerging-technologies-extensions-and-lessons-from-nanotechnology-for-worker-protection
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Paul A Schulte, Veruscka Leso, Ivo Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: This paper identifies approaches to the responsible development of emerging technologies to secure worker safety and health. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was used to describe the history of the responsible development of worker protection from engineered nanomaterials. Lessons from that history were extended and applied to emerging technologies and illustrated in three examples: advanced manufacturing, synthetic biology, and artificial intelligence...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595084/perceived-workplace-discrimination-on-the-basis-of-parent-status-in-australia-who-is-vulnerable-and-how-does-it-link-to-mothers-and-fathers-mental-health
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amanda Cooklin, Simon Mason, Deborah Widiss, Liana Leach, Stacey Hokke, Shannon K Bennetts, Molly Allen-Leap, Jodi Oakman
OBJECTIVE: This study focused on employees' perceived discrimination due to parenthood; and mental health, occupational stress and turnover intention. METHODS: Survey (2016) of an Australian convenience sample of employed parents: women (n = 2950) and men (n = 1318). RESULTS: Forty-two percent of all mothers reported missing out on promotion (n = 1,234/2950); one third reported negative comments from managers (n = 805/2950, 27%) or colleagues (n = 832/2950, 28%)...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38595081/feasibility-of-a-capacity-building-organizational-intervention-for-worker-safety-and-well-being-in-the-transportation-industry-pivoting-to-address-the-covid-19-pandemic-and-social-and-political-unrest-in-chile
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Susan E Peters, María-Andrée López Gómez, Gesele Hendersen, Marta Martínez Maldonado, Jack Dennerlein
OBJECTIVE: This study developed, implemented, and evaluated the feasibility of executing an organizational capacity building intervention to improve bus driver safety and well-being in a Chilean transportation company. METHOD: Through an implementation science lens and using a pre-experimental mixed methods study design, we assessed the feasibility of implementing a participatory organizational intervention designed to build organizational capacity. RESULT: We identified contextual factors that influenced the intervention mechanisms and intervention implementation and describe how the company adapted the approach for unexpected external factors during the COVID-19 pandemic and social and political unrest experienced in Chile...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38531827/the-association-between-social-determinants-of-health-risk-factors-job-performance-and-healthcare-costs-in-an-employed-population
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wayne N Burton, Alyssa B Schultz, Martha E Shepherd, David Hines
OBJECTIVE: To compare employees of a US school district based on their social determinants of health (SDoH). METHODS: Employees (N = 5006) were categorized into low, medium, or high need SDoH tiers. Of them, N = 2469 also participated in a health risk appraisal in 2019. Subjects' average healthcare costs, health risk factors, and self-rated job performance were compared by SDoH tier and race. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed among the SDoH comparison groups regarding age, gender, race, and marital status...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38531821/the-coronovirus-19-pandemic-and-the-future-of-work
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chidimma Ogechukwu Ezeilo, Judith Green-McKenzie
INTRODUCTION: The "Future of Work" refers to workplace modifications projected to occur after pandemics, other large-scale events that affect the health and safety of broad sectors of the workforce, technological advancements, or shifts in the economy. This paper examines the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Future of Work. METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus were explored using search terms such as "post-pandemic", "working force" and "future of work" for papers published between 2000 to 2023...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38531813/moser-s-effective-management-of-health-and-safety-programs-a-practical-guide-fourth-edition
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Cathcart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527186/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-predictors-among-spanish-police-and-armed-forces-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-spain
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Susana Gracia-Lanchares, Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Nereida Bueno-Guerra, Rocío Rodríguez-Rey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychological impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the police and armed forces. METHODS: Participants (N = 242) completed an online survey that assessed post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), burnout, emotional suppression, and labour and sociodemographic variables. Mean difference, correlation, and stepwise linear regression tests were performed. RESULTS: One-third of participants showed severe PTSS, linked to patrolling duties, very frequent contact with other people, fear of contagion, perceived pandemic severity, living with at-risk people, taking a COVID-19 test, working more than normal, suffering an assault, having little vacation, and having to distance from loved ones...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527185/relationship-between-chronic-health-conditions-and-occupational-burnout-in-the-early-care-and-education-workforce
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Priyanka Shreedar, Julia M L Pangalangan, Jini E Puma, Charlotte V Farewell
OBJECTIVE: The early care and education (ECE) workforce experiences high rates of poor mental and physical health outcomes which impact staff well-being and burnout. This study aimed to assess the relationship between chronic health conditions and occupational burnout in ECE Head Start staff working in low-resourced locations. METHODS: This study administered an 89-item cross-sectional survey to 332 ECE staff employed in 42 Head Start centers in the United States...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527177/low-dose-radiation-associated-mortality-risks-of-site-specific-solid-tumors-in-u-s-shipyard-workers
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xuguang Grant Tao, Frank C Curriero, Mahadevappa Mahesh
BACKGROUND: U.S. nuclear capable shipyard workers have increased potential for occupational radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: to examine solid tumor mortality risks at low doses. METHOD: 437,937 workers working from 1957 to 2004 at eight U.S. shipyards were studied. RESULTS: Radiation workers with a median life-time dose at 0.82 mSv had a significantly lower solid tumor mortality risk [Relative risk (RR): 0.96, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0...
March 25, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38517151/a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-firefighters
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jennifer Kue, Bárbara Piñeiro, Ana Gutierrez, Miranda Essa, Laura Szalacha, Steven M Moffatt, Carolyn M Muegge, Dianna Candito, Noman Ashraf, Usha Menon
OBJECTIVE: Firefighters are at increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), yet rates of CRC screening are low among this occupational group. This study examines perceived risks, barriers, and facilitators to CRC screening. METHODS: Three semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted by investigators in Tucson, AZ. Thematic analysis was used to identify patterns and themes in the data. RESULTS: Three groups of firefighters (8 male (57%); 6 female (43%) mean age 50...
March 21, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38509660/job-insecurity-mental-and-general-health-over-time-a-longitudinal-update-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sergio Salas-Nicás, Laura Esteve-Matalí, Clara Llorens Serrano, Albert Navarro-Giné
OBJECTIVE: To test the relationship between different conceptualizations of job insecurity and health over time by applying a longitudinal design. METHODS: 543 workers were re-interviewed after one year to check if being exposed to job insecurity affected their general and mental health. Robust Poisson regressions were fitted to calculate the incidence rate ratio between job insecurities and two health outcomes. RESULTS: Cognitive job loss insecurity increases the risk of poor mental and general health...
March 19, 2024: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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