journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38905715/letter-to-the-editor-the-spectrum-of-particulate-matter-exposure-in-neurosurgical-procedures
#1
LETTER
Sanjeev Sreenivasan, Michael Schulder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38905714/single-stage-correction-of-severe-scoliosis-with-syringomyelia-performed-with-traction-assistance-without-prophylactic-neurosurgical-decompression
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li Zhang, Xiaobing Tian, Zhi Zhao, Yingsong Wang, Ninghui Zhao, Tao Li, Haonan Wang, Jingming Xie
OBJECTIVE: There is still controversy about whether it is necessary to perform prophylactic neurosurgical decompression for severe scoliosis (SS) with syringomyelia (SM) to reduce the risk of neurological complications during subsequent spinal correction. This study aimed to explore the safety and effectiveness of using traction-assisted single-stage spinal correction as a treatment for patients who had SS with SM (SS-SM). METHODS: The patients who had SS-SM without previous neurosurgical intervention and who underwent traction-assisted single-stage posterior spinal correction at a single center were included, and the initial, posttraction, and postoperative clinical data were reviewed...
June 21, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38905710/incidence-of-radiographic-and-clinically-significant-pneumothorax-or-hemothorax-after-thoracic-discectomy-via-mini-open-lateral-retropleural-approach-without-prophylactic-chest-tube-placement
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nima Alan, S Harrison Farber, James J Zhou, Steve S Cho, Luke K O'Neill, Robert K Dugan, Kate L Petty, Juan Pablo Leal Isaza, Jay D Turner, Laura A Snyder, Juan S Uribe
OBJECTIVE: The mini-open lateral retropleural (MO-LRP) approach is an effective option for surgically treating thoracic disc herniations, but the approach raises concerns for pneumothorax (PTX). However, chest tube placement causes insertion site tenderness, necessitates consultation services, increases radiation exposure (requires multiple radiographs), delays the progression of care, and increases narcotic requirements. This study examined the incidence of radiographic and clinically significant PTX and hemothorax (HTX) after the MO-LRP approach, without the placement of a prophylactic chest tube, for thoracic disc herniation...
June 21, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38905708/contribution-of-changes-in-the-spinal-cord-and-brain-to-the-onset-and-progression-of-hand-clumsiness-symptoms-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yan Li, Jianchao Chang, Kun Zhu, Siya Zhang, Junxun Zuo, Bingyong Xie, Haoyu Ni, Jiyuan Yao, Zhibin Xu, Sicheng Bian, Tingfei Yan, Xianyong Wu, Senlin Chen, Weiming Jin, Ying Wang, Peng Xu, Peiwen Song, Yuanyuan Wu, Cailiang Shen, Jiajia Zhu, Yongqiang Yu, Fulong Dong
OBJECTIVE: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) stands as the most prevalent form of spinal cord injury, frequently prompting various changes in both the brain and spinal cord. However, the precise nature of these changes within the brains and spinal cords of CSM patients experiencing hand clumsiness (HCL) symptoms has remained elusive. The authors aimed to scrutinize these alterations and explore potential links between these changes and the onset of HCL symptoms. METHODS: Using the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) scale, the authors classified CSM patients into two groups: those without HCL and those with HCL...
June 21, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38875729/improvement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-closure-of-spinal-csf-leaks-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher Marvin Jesse, Ralph T Schär, Thomas Petutschnigg, Johannes Goldberg, Tomas Dobrocky, Eike Immo Piechowiak, Christoph J Schankin, Harri Sintonen, Andreas Raabe, Levin Häni
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is an important cause of orthostatic headaches caused by spinal CSF leaks. It has a strong negative impact on patients' socioeconomic status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to analyze the impact of surgical and endovascular treatments on patients' HRQOL. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective, observational cohort study that included all patients treated for SIH with microsurgery or embolization, depending on the type of CSF leak, at their institution between April 2022 and May 2023...
June 14, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38875728/relationship-between-facet-joint-osteoarthritis-and-lumbar-paraspinal-muscle-atrophy-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali E Guven, Lukas Schönnagel, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Erika Chiapparelli, Krizia Amoroso, Jiaqi Zhu, Soji Tani, Thomas Caffard, Artine Arzani, Arman T Zadeh, Jennifer Shue, Ek Tsoon Tan, Andrew A Sama, Federico P Girardi, Frank P Cammisa, Alexander P Hughes
OBJECTIVE: The paraspinal muscles play an essential role in the stabilization of the lumbar spine. Lumbar paraspinal muscle atrophy has been linked to chronic back pain and degenerative processes within the spinal motion segment. However, the relationship between the different paraspinal muscle groups and facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) has not been fully explored. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the authors analyzed adult patients who underwent lumbar spinal surgery between December 2014 and March 2023 for degenerative spinal conditions and had preoperative MRI and CT scans...
June 14, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38875725/letter-to-the-editor-acute-traumatic-central-cord-syndrome-removing-the-occulted-confounding-variables
#7
LETTER
Leonardo C Welling, Leonardo B Oliveira, Nicollas Nunes Rabelo, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38875722/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-prostate-cancer-spine-metastases-local-control-and-fracture-risk-using-a-simultaneous-integrated-boost-approach
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thomas H Beckham, Michael K Rooney, Gizem Cifter, Vincent Bernard, Mary Frances McAleer, Brian S De, Martin C Tom, Subha Perni, Chenyang Wang, Todd Swanson, Claudio E Tatsui, Christopher Alvarez-Breckenridge, Robert North, Laurence D Rhines, Chad Tang, Christopher Logothetis, Behrang Amini, Jing Li, Debra N Yeboa, Amol J Ghia
OBJECTIVE: Variation exists in approaches to delivery of spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SSRS). Here, the authors describe outcomes following single-fraction SSRS performed using a simultaneous integrated boost for the treatment of prostate cancer spine metastases. METHODS: Health records of patients with prostate cancer spine metastases treated with single-fraction SSRS at the authors' institution were reviewed. Treatment was uniform, with 16 Gy to the clinical tumor volume and 18 Gy to the gross tumor volume...
June 14, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38848604/spinal-neurenteric-cysts-experience-with-9-cases-via-an-anterior-cervical-approach
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zong Xin, Yueqi Du, Can Zhang, Boyan Zhang, Maoyang Qi, Hongfeng Meng, Tianyu Jin, Chee Kong Chan, Zan Chen, Wanru Duan
OBJECTIVE: Intraspinal cysts are uncommon, and the success rate of complete resection is still low for spinal neurenteric cysts (NCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacies of an anterior microscopic surgical approach in the treatment of ventral and ventrolateral subaxial cervical NCs (SCNCs). METHODS: Between 2019 and 2022, 9 patients with NCs of the subaxial spine underwent an anterior microsurgical approach. Their clinical presentations, radiological features, operative findings, and follow-up data were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38848601/importance-of-the-lumbar-paraspinal-muscles-on-the-maintenance-of-global-sagittal-alignment-after-lumbar-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thomas Caffard, Artine Arzani, Krizia Amoroso, Erika Chiapparelli, Samuel J Medina, Lukas Schönnagel, Jiaqi Zhu, Bruno Verna, Kyle Finos, Isaac Nathoo, Soji Tani, Gaston Camino-Willhuber, Ali E Guven, Arman Zadeh, Ek Tsoon Tan, John A Carrino, Jennifer Shue, Oliver Dobrindt, Timo Zippelius, David Dalton, Andrew A Sama, Federico P Girardi, Frank P Cammisa, Alexander P Hughes
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data about the influence of the lumbar paraspinal muscles on the maintenance of sagittal alignment after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) and the risk factors for sagittal realignment failure. The authors aimed to investigate the influence of preoperative lumbar paraspinal muscle quality on the postoperative maintenance of sagittal alignment after lumbar PSO. METHODS: Patients who underwent lumbar PSO with preoperative lumbar MRI and pre- and postoperative whole-spine radiography in the standing position were included...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38848599/influence-of-the-sagittal-spinal-profile-type-on-the-long-term-outcome-of-patients-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-after-microsurgical-decompression
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anton Früh, Tarik Alp Sargut, Vincent Prinz, Nils Hecht, Jörg Franke, Malte Dinkelbach, Florian Pöhlmann, Peter Vajkoczy, Simon Bayerl
OBJECTIVE: Microsurgical decompression for patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has demonstrated long-term improvement concerning pain and function. Nonetheless, a considerable proportion of these patients do not experience satisfactory alleviation of symptoms. Previous studies have not found a direct influence of single sagittal parameters on patient outcomes. However, recent research indicates that a composite of parameters, presented in specific sagittal profile types (SPTs) that were defined by Roussouly and colleagues, may affect these outcomes...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38848586/fractionated-radiotherapy-after-gross-total-resection-of-spinal-chordoma-a-systematic-review-of-survival-outcomes-using-individualized-patient-data
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julian L Gendreau, Kritika Gowda, Foad Kazemi, Melanie Horowitz, Moshe Shalom, Cathleen C Kuo, Yusuf Mehkri, Michael Yan, Kristin J Redmond, Daniel Lubelski, Debraj Mukherjee
OBJECTIVE: Spinal chordoma treatment guidelines recommend resection. However, in patients in whom gross-total resection (GTR) is achieved, the benefits of radiation therapy (RT) are unclear. Therefore, the authors performed a systematic review to determine if RT is associated with postoperative progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) after achieving GTR of spinal chordoma. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched for studies including individualized data of patients undergoing GTR with or without RT for spinal chordoma...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820617/computed-tomography-assessment-of-robotic-versus-fluoroscopic-implant-accuracy-in-sacroiliac-joint-fusion
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Edward S Harake, John H Lee, Mark M Zaki, Rushikesh S Joshi, Joseph R Linzey, Rakesh D Patel, Paul Park, Yamaan S Saadeh
OBJECTIVE: Computed tomography is considered the gold-standard imaging tool to evaluate spinal implant accuracy. However, there are no studies that evaluate the accuracy of robotic sacroiliac joint (SIJ) implant placement using CT to date. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of implant placement on CT between robotic and fluoroscopic navigation for SIJ fusion and the subsequent complications and clinical outcomes of suboptimally placed screws. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of SIJ fusions utilizing either robotic or fluoroscopic guidance at a single institution was conducted from 2014 to 2023...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820609/letter-to-the-editor-preoperative-depression-among-patients-undergoing-spine-surgery
#14
LETTER
Inibehe Ime Okon, Muhammad Danish Shafqat, Muhammad Daniyal Shafqat, Bipin Chaurasia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820605/letter-to-the-editor-options-for-sacral-tarlov-cysts
#15
LETTER
Kieran Murphy, Gaylene Pron, Khaled Almohaimede, Mehran Nasralla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820603/impact-of-educational-background-on-preoperative-disease-severity-and-postoperative-outcomes-among-patients-with-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-quality-outcomes-database-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nitin Agarwal, Andrew K Chan, Erica F Bisson, Steven D Glassman, Kevin T Foley, Christopher I Shaffrey, Oren N Gottfried, Luis M Tumialán, Eric A Potts, Mark E Shaffrey, Domagoj Coric, John J Knightly, Sufyan Ibrahim, Rida Mitha, Giorgos Michalopoulos, Paul Park, Michael Y Wang, Kai-Ming Fu, Jonathan R Slotkin, Anthony L Asher, Michael S Virk, Jian Guan, Regis W Haid, Dean Chou, Mohamad Bydon, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE: Deficiency in patient education has been correlated with increased disease-related morbidity and decreased access to care. However, the associations between educational level, preoperative disease severity, and postoperative outcomes in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis have yet to be explored. METHODS: The spondylolisthesis dataset of the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD)-a cohort with prospectively collected data by the SpineCORe study team of the 12 highest enrolling sites with an 81% follow-up at 5 years -was utilized and stratified for educational level...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788239/design-and-radiological-confirmation-of-3-column-cortical-bone-trajectory-in-the-lumbar-spine
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jia-Qi Wang, Ren-Jie Zhang, Lu-Ping Zhou, Chong-Yu Jia, Bo Zhang, Rui Sheng, Shu Fang, Cai-Liang Shen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design a novel lumbar cortical bone trajectory (CBT) penetrating the anterior, middle, and posterior vertebral area using imaging; measure the relevant parameters to find theoretical parameters and screw placement possibilities; and investigate the optimal implantation trajectory of the CBT in patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: Three types of CBTs with appropriate lengths were selected to simulate screw placement using Mimics software...
May 24, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788235/fractured-vertebra-antedisplacement-reconstruction-technique-a-feasible-treatment-choice-for-posttraumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphosis
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tao Xu, Shanxi Wang, Huang Fang, Hua Wu, Feng Li
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the fractured vertebra antedisplacement reconstruction technique for the treatment of posttraumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis (PTK). METHODS: A total of 22 patients with PTK who were treated with the fractured vertebra antedisplacement reconstruction technique were retrospectively analyzed. The radiological evaluation included global kyphosis, thoracolumbar angle, and sagittal vertical axis. The clinical evaluation included visual analog scale pain score, Oswestry Disability Index score, SF-12 Health Survey score, and American Spinal Injury Association grade...
May 24, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788233/do-expandable-cage-size-and-number-of-cages-matter-in-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-at-l5-s1-a-comparative-biomechanical-analysis-using-finite-element-modeling
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamad Bakhaidar, Balaji Harinathan, Karthik Banurekha Devaraj, Narayan Yoganandan, Saman Shabani
OBJECTIVE: Expandable transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) cages were designed to address the limitations of static cages. Bilateral cage insertion can potentially enhance stability, fusion rates, and segmental lordosis. However, the benefits of unilateral versus bilateral expandable cages with varying sizes in TLIF remain unclear. This study used a validated finite element spine model to compare the biomechanical properties of L5-S1 TLIF by using differently sized expandable cages inserted unilaterally or bilaterally...
May 24, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788228/pedicled-omental-flaps-for-complex-wound-reconstruction-following-surgery-for-primary-spine-tumors-of-the-mobile-spine-and-sacrum
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elie Massaad, Shalin S Patel, Margaret Sten, Jane Shim, Ali Kiapour, John T Mullen, Daniel G Tobert, Shannon MacDonald, Francis J Hornicek, John H Shin
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for primary tumors of the mobile spine and sacrum often requires complex reconstruction techniques to cover soft-tissue defects and to treat wound and CSF-related complications. The anatomical, vascular, and immunoregulatory characteristics of the omentum make it an excellent local substrate for the management of radiation soft-tissue injury, infection, and extensive wound defects. This study describes the authors' experience in complex wound reconstruction using pedicled omental flaps to cover defects in surgery for mobile spine and sacral primary tumors...
May 24, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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