Matthew S Khouzam, Kristina Jacobsen, Joseph H Boyer, Ahmad Zeeshan, David Spurlock, Tomer Z Karas, Jorge E Suarez-Cavelier, Daniel Rinewalt, Linda Bogar, Scott Silvestry, George J Palmer, Kevin D Accola, Nayer Khouzam
BACKGROUND: Hemopericardium is a serious complication that can occur after cardiac surgery. While most post-operative causes are due to inflammation and bleeding, patients with broken sternal wires and an unstable sternum may develop hemopericardium from penetrating trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 62-year-old male who underwent triple coronary bypass surgery and presented five months later with sudden anterior chest wall pain. Chest computed tomography revealed hemopericardium with an associated broken sternal wire that had penetrated into the pericardial space...
December 9, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Ira Goldsmith, Gemma Chesterfield-Thomas, Hannah Toghill
OBJECTIVE: Frailty develops as a result of age-related decline in many physiological systems and is associated with increased vulnerability to adverse outcomes following thoracic surgery. We prospectively tested our hypothesis that pre-operative pulmonary rehabilitation (Prehab) improves frailty, as suggested by a frailty index > 3 (FI > 3) and fitness, and thereby reduces the risk of post-surgical complications and death in vulnerable elderly lung cancer patients...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mahmoud Al-Obeidallah, Marián Kohut, Milan Štengl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Keivan Ranjbar, Reza Shahriarirad, Kamyar Ebrahimi, Armin Amirian, Mohamadreza Karoobi, Parviz Mardani, Amirhossein Erfani, Mohammad Javad Fallahi, Farzaneh Ketabchi, Bizhan Ziaian
INTRODUCTION: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a type of acute mediastinitis that is rarely reported but is regarded as a fatal disease despite improvements in technological methods and antibiotic therapies. We aimed to determine the demographic, clinical, and paraclinical features of patients diagnosed with acute DNM. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients' hospital records with a diagnosis of DNM admitted to the Namazi hospital in southern Iran during 18 years (2002-2019) were reviewed...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Sevinc Citak, Murat Ersin Cardak
OBJECTIVE: Lung transplantation is the only life-saving treatment for lung diseases that do not respond to medical treatment. Heart-lung harvesting requires a careful procedure to protect an adequate donor left atrial cuff around the junction of the superior and inferior pulmonary veins. This study aims to describe inadequate left atrial cuff during harvest and techniques of reconstruction at the threshold of literature. METHODS: Left atrial cuff complications were retrospectively analyzed in consecutive lung transplant procedures between December 2016 and December 2021...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Limin Luo, Yongshi Wang, Huiping Hou, Qiang Liu, Zehan Xie, Qiaoyan Wu, Xianhong Shu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the most common chronic disease and the leading risk factor for disability and premature deaths worldwide. Approximately 10-20% of all patients with hypertension and 15-18% of the general population who are treated for hypertension have resistant hypertension (RH). Patients with RH have a higher risk of end-organ damage, such as carotid intima-media thickening, retinopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, impaired renal function, and death than those with controlled blood pressure...
December 6, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Christopher M Bobba, Ryan Azarrafiy, John R Spratt, Jill Hendrickson, Tomas D Martin, George J Arnaoutakis, Eric I Jeng, Thomas M Beaver
BACKGROUND: The role of ACTA2 mutations in Familial Aortic Disease has been increasingly recognized. We describe a highly penetrant variant (R118Q) in a family with aortic disease. CASE REPORT: A patient presented to us for elective repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm with a family history of his mother expiring after aortic dissection. Genetic testing revealed he was a heterozygous carrier of the ACTA2 missense mutation R118Q. Subsequently, all living family members were tested for this variant and a full medical history was obtained to compile a family tree for the variant and penetrance of an aortic event (defined as lifetime occurrence of aortic surgery / dissection)...
December 4, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Hao Dong, Dongping Xiao, Yong Tang
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation markers have been proposed as the predictors of adverse cardiac events in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). This study aimed to investigate prognostic value of serum cystatin C (Cys-C) for NSTE-ACS patients. METHODS: Cys-C, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were examined in 212 NSTE-ACS patients and 60 controls. Global registry of acute coronary events (GRACE) score and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in NSTE-ACS patients were recorded...
December 1, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Xin-Tao Li, Wen-He Yang, Fu-Shan Xue
The letter to the editor was written in response to "The effect of ultrasound-guided intercostal nerve block on postoperative analgesia in thoracoscopic surgery: a randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial", which was recently published by Li et al. (J Cardiothorac Surg 18(1):128, 2023). In this article, Li et al. showed that addition of a preoperative intercostal nerve block to the multimodal analgesic strategy significantly reduced the pain scores within 48 h after surgery. However, we noted several issues in this study that were not well addressed...
December 1, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Lisa Q Rong, William Zheng, Andrew Martinez, Mohammed Rahouma, Richard B Devereux, Jiwon Kim, Bassam Osman, Maria C Palumbo, Björn Redfors, Leonard N Girardi, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Mario Gaudino
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical effects of transcatheter (TAVR) versus surgical (SAVR) aortic valve interventions on the distal aorta have not been studied. This study utilized global circumferential strain (GCS) to assess post-procedural biomechanics changes in the descending aorta after TAVR versus SAVR. METHODS: Patients undergoing TAVR or SAVR for aortic stenosis were included. Transesophageal (TEE) and transthoracic (TTE) echocardiography short-axis images of the aorta were used to image the descending aorta immediately before and after interventions...
November 30, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Zhengwei Wang, Mi Li
BACKGROUND: An international pandemic of severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. A large number of patients with chest trauma were infected with COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the management of chest trauma. OBJECTIVE: The present observational study was conducted to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of chest trauma patients with or without COVID-19 infection. METHODS: A multicenter observational study was performed at three Chinese hospitals between November 1, 2022, and January 31, 2023...
November 30, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Faizus Sazzad, Ying Kiat Tan, Li Xuan Beverly Chan, Irwan Shah Bin Mohd Moideen, Abdulrahman El Gohary, John C Stevens, K R Ramanathan, Theo Kofidis
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was the creation of uniform protocols to carry out and disclose First-In-Human and preliminary clinical trials of biological mitral valve replacement. The need for consistent methodology in these early trials was highlighted by the observation of significant variability in the methods and protocols used across different research. METHODS: An extensive search through six major databases was carried out to retrieve First-In-Human (FIH) clinical studies evaluating surgically implanted bio-prostheses in the mitral position...
November 30, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Samuel Brown, Kholoud Nassar, Jacob Razzouk, Abishek K Kashyap, Mitchell Won, Thaer Shehadeh, Reza Salabat, David G Rabkin, Joshua S Chung
BACKGROUND: del Nido cardioplegia (DN) has been shown to be safe in adult patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting with normal left ventricular ejection fraction. We sought to determine whether it was also safe in adult patients with diminished left ventricular function. METHODS: All patients with preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 40% undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 1/1/2019 and 7/10/2022 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 29, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Johanna K R von Mackensen, Ahmed El Shazly, Felix Schoenrath, Joerg Kempfert, Christoph T Starck, Evgenij V Potapov, Stephan Jacobs, Volkmar Falk, Leonhard Wert
OBJECTIVES: Cardiogenic shock (CS) can occur in patients with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). As TTS has received increasing attention and has been more closely researched, several aspects of the pathogenesis have been identified, particularly that an excessive release of catecholamines plays an important role. Nevertheless, evidence on specific therapy concepts is still lacking. As a result, TTS with severe hemodynamic instability and low cardiac output creates unique challenges, and mechanical circulatory support is needed with as few inotropic drugs as possible...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Yasutaka Yokoyama, Taira Yamamoto, Tetsuma Oyama, Jiyoung Lee, Yoichiro Machida, Daisuke Endo, Yuichiro Sato, Shizuyuki Dohi, Atsushi Amano, Minoru Tabata
BACKGROUND: Median sternotomy is the most performed procedure in cardiac surgery; however, sternal displacement and bleeding remains a problem. This study aimed to investigate whether sternal reconstruction using a sandwiched three-piece bioresorbable mesh plate can prevent postoperative sternal displacement and bleeding more than a bioresorbable pin. METHODS: Patients (n = 218) who underwent median sternotomy were classified according to whether a sandwiched three-piece bioresorbable mesh plate and wire cerclage (group M, n = 109) or a bioresorbable pin and wire cerclage (group P, n = 109) were used during sternal reconstruction...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Sabrina Martens, Hongtao Tie, Hans Gerd Kehl, Tonny Dt Tjan, Hans Heinrich Scheld, Sven Martens, Andreas Hoffmeier
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cardiac transplantation remains a surgical challenge as a variety of cardiac and vessel malformation are present in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Despite limited availability and acceptability of donor hearts, the number of heart transplantations remains on a stable level with improved survival and quality of life. OBSERVATION: As treatment options for CHD continue to improve and the chances of survival increase, more adult CHD patients are listed for transplantation...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Sadia Soukeur, Benoit Cosset, Fadi Farhat
We present the case of a 63-year-old woman who was hospitalized five times in 4 months for episodes of heart failure, associated with a sustained hypertension despite a fivefold therapy. The pathophysiological mechanism of the hypertension was a secondary hyperaldosteronism linked to a renal hypoperfusion due to the narrowing of the thoracic aorta by a huge calcified plaque, mimicking an aortic coarctation.
November 27, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Cheng Shen, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: The successful implementation of the Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) concept in thoracic surgery has made it possible to complete the surgery in the day surgery unit. However, it is still unclear whether day surgery for lung cancer patients can achieve the same or even better results. METHODS: A systematic literature search was completed in common databases for studies published before May 2022 and the data analyzed using the Review Manager 5...
November 25, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mouhammad Kanj, Benoit Cosset, Alexandre Oliny, Fadi Farhat
BACKGROUND: Acute type A aortic dissection is associated with high perioperative morbidity and mortality. Ascyrus Medical Dissection Stent (Cryolife, Kennesaw, USA) is a novel uncovered hybrid stent graft developed to be used as an adjunct to standard surgical approach to promote true lumen expansion and enhance aortic remodeling. METHODS: From March 2021 to March 2022, four consecutive patients presented with acute Debakey type I aortic dissection and underwent emergent surgical repair with Tirone David procedure and implantation of Ascyrus Medical Dissection Stent...
November 22, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Mohsyn Imran Malik, James Changhyun Jae, Osama Sedky Shehata Sefein, Raffael Pereira Cezar Zamper, A Dave Nagpal
BACKGROUND: Re-opening the chest is an unwanted and potentially morbid complication after open heart surgery, most commonly required for refractory bleeding or tamponade. In this report, we present a unique case of a postoperative coronary artery bypass patient, demonstrating clinical features of cardiac tamponade of the right atrium and ventricle with inconclusive findings on imaging. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62 year-old male presented to hospital with exertional angina and a coronary angiogram found severe three-vessel coronary artery disease with preserved left ventricular function...
November 22, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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