journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33837480/is-there-a-role-for-pregabalin-as-premedication-in-pediatric-anesthesia
#1
EDITORIAL
Jessica Nghiem, Stephen C Brown, Kazuyoshi Aoyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33835247/baseline-hba1c-in-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
LETTER
Xiaojie Liu, He Dong, Haichen Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33825982/propofol-reduces-the-amplitude-of-transcranial-electrical-motor-evoked-potential-without-affecting-spinal-motor-neurons-a-prospective-single-arm-interventional-study
#3
Hiroyuki Deguchi, Kenta Furutani, Yusuke Mitsuma, Yoshinori Kamiya, Hiroshi Baba
PURPOSE: Propofol inhibits the amplitudes of transcranial electrical motor-evoked potentials (TCE-MEP) in a dose-dependent manner. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unknown. Hence, we investigated the spinal mechanisms of the inhibitory effect of propofol on TCE-MEP amplitudes by evaluating evoked electromyograms (H-reflex and F-wave) under general anesthesia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-arm, interventional study including 15 patients scheduled for spine surgery under general anesthesia...
April 7, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33822281/a-mechanism-of-re-sedation-caused-by-remimazolam
#4
LETTER
Tomohiro Yamamoto, Miyuki Kurabe, Yoshinori Kamiya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33822280/associations-of-preoperative-stroke-and-tranexamic-acid-administration-with-convulsive-seizures-in-valvular-open-heart-surgery
#5
Nikolai Hulde, Armin Zitttermann, Marcus-André Deutsch, Vera von Dossow, Jan F Gummert, Andreas Koster
In cardiac surgery, use of the antifibrinolytic agent tranexamic acid (TXA) and acute perioperative stroke are both associated with convulsive seizures. We hypothesized that an older (preoperative) stroke increases the risk of TXA-associated seizures as well. To test this hypothesis, we retrospectively analyzed data from 16,110 patients who had undergone open-heart valvular surgery at our institution between 2009 and 2020. The dosing of TXA was moderate. Use of TXA and a history of stroke were both independently associated with convulsive seizure with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 2...
April 6, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33821300/dexmedetomidine-ameliorates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-the-pi3k-akt-foxo1-signaling-pathway
#6
Haibin Cui, Qian Zhang
PURPOSE: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has been associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis, but its effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury remain uncertain. The present study explored the effects of DEX on LPS-induced lung injury and studied the possible molecular mechanisms by testing the effects of the phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 and BEZ235. METHODS: Seventy C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control, LPS, LPS + DEX, LPS + LY294002, LPS + BEZ235, LPS + DEX + LY294002, and LPS + DEX + BEZ235groups...
April 5, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33786681/comparison-of-pecs-ii-and-erector-spinae-plane-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-following-modified-radical-mastectomy-bayesian-network-meta-analysis-using-a-control-group
#7
REVIEW
Boohwi Hong, Seunguk Bang, Chahyun Oh, Eunhye Park, Seyeon Park
The present study compared the effects of pectoral nerve block II (PECS II) and erector spinae plane (ESP) block for postoperative analgesia in patients who underwent modified radical mastectomy by performing a network meta-analysis (NMA) using indirect comparison with systemic analgesia. Studies comparing the analgesic effects of PECS II and ESP block were searched on MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. The primary outcome of this study was cumulative opioid consumption for 24 h postoperatively...
March 30, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33782774/early-extubation-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-in-a-patient-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-report
#8
Hye-Jin Kim, Soo-Yeon Kim, Min Ho Ju, Soo Yong Lee, Gyeong-Jo Byeon, Hee Young Kim
Management of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) cardiomyopathy is increasingly important for the survival of these patients. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is an alternative treatment for refractory heart failure in DMD. A 20-year-old man with DMD and dilated cardiomyopathy underwent surgery for LVAD implantation. Respiratory failure may occur due to muscle weakness after surgery under general anesthesia in patients with DMD, and weaning from mechanical ventilation may be delayed or difficult. Considering the application of fast-track anesthesia (FTA), preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation which includes thoracic expansion exercise, air stacking exercise with manual resuscitation bag and manually assisted cough technique, hight-frequency chest wall oscillation, and mechanical insufflation-exsufflation was performed...
March 29, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33763758/translation-and-validation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-quality-of-recovery-15-questionnaire
#9
Shohei Nakatani, Mitsuru Ida, Yuu Tanaka, Naoko Okamoto, Xiaoying Wang, Hitomi Nakatani, Mariko Sato, Yusuke Naito, Masahiko Kawaguchi
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcomes after surgery and anaesthesia have recently attracted attention. A recent systematic review and a consensus guideline recommend that patients' recovery can be adequately measured using the quality of recovery-15 (QoR-15) during the perioperative period; however, the Japanese version of the QoR-15 (QoR-15J) is not available. We aimed to translate the QoR-15 into Japanese and assess its validity. METHODS: After translating into Japanese, 205 patients who underwent various types of surgery under general anaesthesia were enrolled in the study...
March 24, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33751203/erector-spinae-block-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-lumbar-disc-hernia-repair
#10
Hadi Ufuk Yörükoğlu, Dilek İçli, Can Aksu, Sevim Cesur, Alparslan Kuş, Yavuz Gürkan
PURPOSE: Lumbar disc herniation is the most common spinal disorder and various less invasive techniques such as microdiscectomy have been described. However, postoperative pain management in patients undergoing discectomy is still commonly inadequate. Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a relatively easier technique with lower risks of complications, and can be performed to provide postoperative analgesia for various procedures. The current study aimed to determine the effect of ESP block on postoperative analgesia in patients who underwent elective lumbar disc herniation repair surgeries...
March 22, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33751202/what-are-mechanisms-of-re-sedation-caused-by-remimazolam
#11
LETTER
Kohei Godai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33728522/reply-to-a-letter-to-the-editor
#12
LETTER
Motonobu Kimizuka, Michiaki Yamakage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33687549/re-sleeping-after-reversal-of-remimazolam-by-flumazenil
#13
LETTER
Tomohiro Yamamoto, Miyuki Kurabe, Yoshinori Kamiya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33687548/journal-of-anesthesia-history-current-status-and-future-direction
#14
EDITORIAL
Fumimasa Amaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33687547/the-uterine-contraction-evaluation-is-tricky-in-the-in-vivo
#15
LETTER
Hiroyuki Kinoshita, Shinji Kawahito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33686465/cervical-erector-spinae-plane-block-as-a-perioperative-analgesia-method-for-shoulder-arthroscopy-a-case-series
#16
Danxu Ma, Ran Wang, Hong Wen, Huili Li, Jia Jiang
Shoulder arthroscopy, a common intervention for severe rotator cuff injuries, is associated with severe postoperative pain. Upon performing cervical erector spinae plane (ESP) blocks at the C7 TP (tip or posterior tip) or the posterior tip of the C6 TP posterior tubercle in six patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy, sensory block was detectable in congruent cervico-thoracic dermatomes. Effective intraoperative and postoperative analgesia were consistently obtained for all six patients. This preliminary study illustrated that the cervical ESP block can be considered a potential simple regional anesthesia method for providing analgesia during shoulder arthroscopy with low risks of diaphragmatic paresis, upper extremity motor paresis, nerve injury and persistent hypotension...
March 8, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33683444/sugammadex-versus-neostigmine-on-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Jihion Yu, Jun-Young Park, Yongsoo Lee, Jai-Hyun Hwang, Young-Kug Kim
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) requires particular surgical conditions, such as carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg positioning, which may have adverse effects on the respiratory system. The effect of sugammadex on postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) is controversial. Therefore, we evaluated the incidence of PPCs according to the type of neuromuscular blockade reversal agents in RALP. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed RALP patients...
March 8, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33682038/delivery-and-neuraxial-technique-outcomes-in-patients-with-hemophilia-and-in-hemophilia-carriers-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Brandon M Togioka, Richard M Burwick, Jody L Kujovich
Female carriers are more common than males with hemophilia and unrecognized factor VIII or IX deficiency is associated with intrauterine growth retardation, epidural hematomas, blood transfusion, and peripartum hemorrhage. A review was conducted to assess the evidence for professional society recommendations for > 50% factor levels during labor. Two searches of Pubmed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Google Scholar were completed in October 2019. The first for case reports and series described neuraxial techniques in patients with hemophilia-regardless of sex, age, or pregnant status...
March 8, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33682037/association-between-ionized-magnesium-and-postoperative-shivering
#19
Tetsuzo Nakayama, Kaoru Umehara, Kazuhiro Shirozu, Makoto Sumie, Yuji Karashima, Midoriko Higashi, Ken Yamaura
PURPOSE: Ionized magnesium (iMg) is considered to be the biologically active fraction of circulating total serum Mg (tMg). However, only the relationship between tMg and postoperative shivering has been studied. To our knowledge, hitherto no clinical studies have investigated the association between serum ionized magnesium concentration ([iMg]) and postoperative shivering. Therefore, we aimed to retrospectively examine this association, focusing on hypomagnesemia and depletion of [iMg]...
March 7, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33661359/an-introductory-guide-to-quality-improvement-in-perioperative-medicine
#20
EDITORIAL
Yusuke Mazda, Kazuyoshi Aoyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2021: Journal of Anesthesia
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