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Journal of Anesthesia

Rie Koga, Keiko Yamada, Rie Ishikawa, Yasuhiko Kubota, Keisuke Yamaguchi, Masako Iseki
PURPOSE: To examine the association between catastrophizing and pain intensity with acute herpes zoster, and the association of treatment-related early changes in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and catastrophizing with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) development, independent of acute pain intensity. METHODS: We analyzed 44 outpatient participants with acute herpes zoster who completed a 6-month follow-up. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire with a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) at first visit, and 3 and 6 months, thereafter...
September 11, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Sherif M S Mowafy, Shereen E Abd Ellatif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Priyam Saikia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Tomohiro Chaki, Naoyuki Hirata, Yusuke Yoshikawa, Shunsuke Tachibana, Yasuyuki Tokinaga, Michiaki Yamakage
PURPOSE: Prolonged propofol infusion induces skeletal muscle damage. However, it is well known that the lipid emulsion that is the solvent of propofol causes various types of tissue damage via lipid peroxidation, and that propofol, conversely, has an anti-lipid peroxidative effect. The purpose of this study was to determine whether propofol or the lipid emulsion is the cause of muscle damage following prolonged administration. METHODS: Rats were divided into four groups: NI group (no intervention), Cath group (venous catheter insertion only), Prop group (1% propofol (Maruishi) intravenous infusion at 10 mg/kg/h), and Lipid group (10% Lipofundin® intravenous infusion at 100 mg/kg/h) (n = 10, each group)...
August 31, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Tarek F Tammam, Ghada A Kamhawy
PURPOSE: Failed needle-tip positioning in an ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block can be due to improper needle insertion point and steep needle insertion angle. Needle pre-curving enables the user to pass the needle with different curved trajectories on approaching the brachial plexus. Aim of the study was to compare curved and non-curved needles as regards the time needed to perform the lateral sagittal infra-clavicular block. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients undergoing surgery distal to the elbow were randomly allocated to two groups: group A (n = 35), which received ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block using the curved needle; and group B (n = 34), which received the infraclavicular block using the non-curved needle...
August 29, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Kenta Okamura, Takeshi Nomura, Yusuke Mizuno, Tetsuya Miyashita, Takahisa Goto
PURPOSE: Severe hypotension caused by anesthetic administration for anesthesia induction, which might cause ischemic stroke, myocardial injury, acute kidney injury and postoperative mortality, should be prevented. Anesthesiologists are familiar with ultrasound examination of the internal jugular vein (IJV). This study aimed to clarify whether ultrasonographic IJV evaluation just before induction could predict the occurrence of such hypotension. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled after excluding patients with cardiovascular disease or ASA-PS ≥ III...
August 26, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Masato Tachikawa, Takashi Asai, Yasuhisa Okuda
PURPOSE: Rocuronium Bromide Intravenous Solution® (Maruishi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, Osaka, Japan) is a newly developed generic drug and we have noticed that compared with conventional rocuronium formulations [e.g. Esmeron (Eslax), MSD Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan], rocuronium Maruishi appeared to cause less pain or withdrawal movement. The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that the injection of rocuronium Maruishi causes less body movement than rocuronium MSD does, during rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia...
August 21, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Jun Dong, Su Min, Kai-Hua He, Li-Hua Peng, Jun Cao, Wei Ran
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to confirm the alleviating effects of the nontourniquet technique on the postoperative acute and chronic pain of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: 122 elderly patients undergoing TKA were randomly divided into two groups: group T (n = 58) and group H (n = 64). An electronic inflatable tourniquet was used during TKA in group T. The patients in group H received controlled hypotension but without tourniquet use during the operation...
August 19, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Ryohei Miyazaki, Makoto Sumie, Tadashi Kandabashi, Ken Yamaura
PURPOSE: Arterial hypotension is a major adverse effect of general anesthesia. Patients with pre-existing autonomic dysfunction are at greater risk of hypotension. This study was performed to examine whether objective measurement of the pupillary light reflex is predictive of intraoperative hypotension. METHODS: We studied 79 patients who underwent scheduled surgery under general anesthesia. Patients with severe cardiovascular disease or receiving antihypertensive agents were excluded...
August 17, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Yutaka Oda, Shinya Kanazawa, Motoko Shimada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Hyun-Kyu Yoon, Ho-Jin Lee, Won Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Yuko Kondo, Noriya Hirose, Takeshi Maeda, Atsuo Yoshino, Takahiro Suzuki
PURPOSE: The decrease in maternal regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and oxygenation (rCBO) during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section depends on the severity of hypotension. We examined the relationships between changes in the systemic circulatory parameters, cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and rCBV and rCBO after induction of spinal anesthesia, evaluated by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and an arterial pressure-based cardiac output monitoring system (APCOs)...
August 7, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Jing Yang, Wei Wang, Zheng Yong, Weixiu Yuan, Hong Zhang, Weidong Mi
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of different dosages of propofol, that induced different depths of anesthesia, on the local activity and connectivity of nuclei within the cortico-reticulo-thalamic loops, as well as the release of amino acids in those nuclei. METHODS: The nonlinear dynamics analysis of electroencephalogram, including approximate entropy (ApEn) and cross-ApEn (C-ApEn), was used to analyze the effects of different dosages of propofol on the local activity and connectivity of the important nuclei, including the primary somatosensory cortex (S1), ventroposteromedial thalamic nucleus (VPM), reticular thalamic nucleus (RTN), and oral part of the pontine reticular nucleus (PnO)...
July 30, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Yi Wei Tan, Lyn Li Lean, Ambika Paramasivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Shino Matsukawa, Shinichi Kai, Toshiyuki Mizota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Yoshimune Osaka, Yoshihisa Morita
Laser guidance facilitates needle alignment in-plane to the ultrasound beam. Once the ultrasound image is optimized, there is no further need to maneuver the probe. Therefore, we designed a laser mount probe holder prototype, and examined the ease of visualization of the needle tip using the laser mount probe holder. The needle brightness was quantitatively measured using an image analysis software. We found that the laser mount probe holder is useful, not only to visualize the needle tip in the ultrasound plane, but also to fix the best ultrasound image...
July 19, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Tetsutaro Hase, Toshikazu Hashimoto, Hitoshi Saito, Yosuke Uchida, Rui Kato, Kenkichi Tsuruga, Koichi Takita, Yuji Morimoto
INTRODUCTION: Volatile anesthetics are speculated to cause postoperative nausea and vomiting via stimulation of the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ). However, the precise mechanism underlying the emetic action of these drugs is not well understood. In this study, we assessed whether isoflurane induced the expression of c-Fos, a neuronal activation marker, in the area postrema (AP), the locus of the CTZ, in rats, which do not have vomiting action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male rats were exposed to 1...
July 17, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Keiko Yamada, Kenta Wakaizumi, Yasuhiko Kubota, Ko Matsudaira, Masahiko Shibata
PURPOSE: Pain symptom, such as that caused by musculoskeletal disorders, is a major cause of occupational disability. As nicotine intake from smoking increases pain sensitivity, smokers may experience stronger pain and be more likely to experience pain-related disability than non-smokers. The study aim was to examine whether smoking was associated with pain-related occupational disability via pain intensity. METHODS: Participants were 1189 workers with pain aged 20-74 years in Japan...
July 5, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Kazuyoshi Hirota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Sakura Kinjo, Kerstin Kolodzie, Katherine Dong, Alan L Zhang
PURPOSE: The Transmuscular Quadratus Lumborum block (TQLB) is one of the newest blocks and has been used as an effective analgesic option for various surgeries. However, it is still uncertain whether the TQLB provides beneficial analgesic outcomes for hip arthroscopic surgeries. Therefore, we aimed to investigate effects of the preoperative TQLB on postoperative pain levels and perioperative opioid consumption in patients who underwent outpatient arthroscopic hip surgery. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between June 1, 2017 and December 1, 2017 were included...
July 1, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
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