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Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877055/longitudinal-links-between-callous-unemotional-behaviors-and-parenting-in-early-childhood-a-genetically-informed-design
#1
Megan Flom, Dorothy White, Jody Ganiban, Kimberly J Saudino
OBJECTIVE: Most research on callous-unemotional behaviors (CU) and parenting does not focus on directions of effect, and work that does so has not been genetically-informed. The present study is the first to examine potential reciprocal effects between parenting and CU in a community sample of early childhood. Use of a twin sample also allows us to distinguish child-based genetic effects from environmentally-driven effects, which is necessary before translating this research to interventions...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877054/the-influence-of-maternal-parenting-style-on-the-neural-correlates-of-emotion-processing-in-children
#2
Elena Pozzi, Julian G Simmons, Chad A Bousman, Nandita Vijayakumar, Katherine O Bray, Orwa Dandash, Sally Richmond, Orli Schwartz, Marc Seal, Lisa Sheeber, Marie B H Yap, Nicholas B Allen, Sarah L Whittle
OBJECTIVE: The importance of parenting in influencing mental health outcomes, particularly depression, during childhood and adolescence is well known. However, the mechanisms are unclear. Emotion processing impairments in children are thought to be both influenced by negative parenting behaviors, and fundamental to depression. As such, investigating the association between parenting behavior and the neural underpinnings of emotion processing in children may provide fundamental clues as to the link between parenting and depression...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877053/hoarding-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-clinical-features-and-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#3
Michelle Rozenman, Joseph McGuire, Monica Wu, Emily Ricketts, Tara Peris, Joseph O'Neill, R Lindsey Bergman, Susanna Chang, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: Although adult hoarding disorder is relatively common and often debilitating, few studies have examined the phenomenology of pediatric hoarding. We examined the clinical phenomenology and response to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) treatment in youth with a diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with and without hoarding symptoms. Age was tested as a moderator across analyses given prior findings that the impact of hoarding symptoms may not become apparent until adolescence...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877052/patterns-of-social-media-use-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-adolescents
#4
LETTER
Jacqueline Nesi, Jennifer C Wolff, Jeffrey Hunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877051/predicting-patterns-of-treatment-response-and-outcome-for-suicidal-and-depressed-adolescents
#5
Caroline H Abbott, Abigail Zisk, Nadia Bounoua, Guy S Diamond, Roger Kobak
OBJECTIVE: Although several treatments have been shown to be effective in treatment of youth suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), there is a pressing need to account for the substantial variation in adolescents' response to and outcomes from these treatments. METHOD: Secondary analyses of data from a sixteen-week randomized trial of Attachment-Based Family Therapy (ABFT) and Family-Enhanced Non-Directive Supportive Therapy (FE-NST) identified distinct classes of adolescents' treatment response...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877050/editorial-structural-brain-alterations-in-youth-with-psychosis-and-bipolar-spectrum-symptoms
#6
EDITORIAL
Sophia Frangou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877049/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-attention-bias-modification-treatment-in-youth-with-treatment-resistant-anxiety-disorders
#7
Jeremy W Pettit, Michele Bechor, Yasmin Rey, Michael W Vasey, Rany Abend, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim, James Jaccard, Wendy K Silverman
OBJECTIVE: Randomized clinical trials of augmentation strategies for youth with treatment-resistant anxiety disorders do not exist. We present findings from an efficacy trial of attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) as an augment for this population, in comparison with attention control training (ACT). METHOD: Sixty-four youths (34 boys; M age=11.7 years) who continued to meet for anxiety diagnoses after completing cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) were randomized to either ABMT or ACT...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877048/out-of-control-examining-the-association-between-family-conflict-and-self-control-in-adolescence-in-a-genetically-sensitive-design
#8
Yayouk E Willems, Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Dorret I Boomsma, Meike Bartels, Catrin Finkenauer
OBJECTIVE: Family conflict is associated with low self-control in adolescence. Thus far research about the direction of this association is inconclusive. In this study, we sort out whether this association reflects a causal effect or whether it is explained by a common underlying cause, including genetic factors. METHOD: In twin data, we fitted a series of causal models, and compared models for the association of family conflict and self-control including reciprocal causation, unidirectional causation from family conflict to low self-control, unidirectional causation from low self-control to family conflict, and common genetic susceptibility...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877047/children-with-early-onset-disruptive-behavior-parental-mental-disorders-predict-poor-psychosocial-functioning-in-adolescence
#9
Peter Josse Roetman, Sebastian Lundström, Catrin Finkenauer, Robert Rafaël Joseph Marie Vermeiren, Paul Lichtenstein, Olivier Frederiek Colins
OBJECTIVE: Parental mental disorders (MD) and child early-onset disruptive behavior (DB) are well-established risk factors for poor outcomes in adolescence. However, it is not clear whether parental MD increases risk of future maladjustment among children who already display DB. METHOD: Parents of 9-year-old children reported on child DB, while a patient registry was used to determine parental MD. At follow-ups at 15 (N = 6319) and 18 years (N = 3068) information about various problems were collected via registries, parent- and, self-reports...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877046/editorial-using-parent-s-past-to-predict-children-s-future-testing-parental-history-of-mental-disorders-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-in-children-with-disruptive-behavior
#10
EDITORIAL
Jasmin Wertz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877045/out-of-control-more-evidence-that-both-family-ecology-and-genetic-influences-contribute-to-the-origins-of-poor-self-control-among-adolescents
#11
EDITORIAL
David J Bridgett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877044/editorial-grief-in-children-phenomenology-and-beyond
#12
EDITORIAL
Nadine Melhem, David Brent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877043/the-distinctiveness-of-grief-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-lessons-from-children-after-9-11
#13
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Bin Fan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christopher M Layne, Judith Wicks, Guia Guffanti, George J Musa, Christina W Hoven
OBJECTIVE: The clinical and nosological significance of grief reactions in youth exposed to a shared trauma (9/11) was tested by examining whether the (1) predictors (i.e., non-loss related trauma vs. traumatic bereavement), (2) clinical correlates, (3) factorial structure, and (4) phenomenology of grief reactions are distinct from those of major depressive disorder (MDD) and 9/11-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: In a representative sample of New York City schoolchildren (N=8,236; grades 4-12; n=1,696 bereaved), assessed six months post-9/11, multivariate regressions examined (1) predictors of grief, PTSD, and MDD, and (2) the incremental validity of grief in predicting health problems and functional impairment; factor analysis and latent class analysis determined, respectively, (3) the factorial and (4) syndromic distinctiveness of grief, PTSD, and MDD...
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877042/editorial-identifying-predictors-of-treatment-response-trajectories-of-suicidal-adolescents
#14
EDITORIAL
Betsy Dohoney Kennard, Lucas Zullo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30858012/cardiometabolic-adverse-effects-and-its-predictors-in-children-and-adolescents-with-first-episode-psychosis-during-treatment-with-quetiapine-extended-release-versus-aripiprazole-12-week-results-from-the-tolerance-and-effect-of-antipsychotics-in-children-and
#15
Karsten Gjessing Jensen, Christoph U Correll, Ditte Rudå, Dea Gowers Klauber, Marie Stentebjerg Decara, Birgitte Fagerlund, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen, Frank Eriksson, Anders Fink-Jensen, Anne Katrine Pagsberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cardiometabolic effects and its predictors in youth with first-episode psychosis (FEP) treated with quetiapine-extended release (ER) vs. aripiprazole. METHOD: Youths with FEP aged 12-17 years were randomized to quetiapine-ER or aripiprazole in the 12-week, double-blinded, Tolerability and Efficacy of Antipsychotics (TEA) trial. Primary outcome was change in body weight; secondary outcomes were changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and lipid and glucose metabolism parameters...
March 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30858011/a-role-of-oxytocin-receptor-gene-brain-tissue-expression-quantitative-trait-locus-rs237895-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-the-effects-of-maternal-childhood-maltreatment
#16
Philipp Toepfer, Kieran J O Donnell, Sonja Entringer, Christine M Heim, David T S Lin, Julia L MacIsaac, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney, Nadine Provençal, Elisabeth B Binder, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
OBJECTIVE: Women exposed to childhood maltreatment (CM) are more likely to exhibit insensitive parenting, which may have consequences for their offspring´s development. Variation in the Oxytocin-receptor gene (OXTR) moderates risk of CM-associated long-term sequelae associated with mother-child attachment, although functionality of previously investigated SNPs remained elusive. Here, we investigated the role of OXTR rs237895, a brain tissue expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL), as a moderator of the relationship between CM and maternal behavior (MB) and the association between MB and offspring attachment security...
March 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30853501/editorial-putting-practicality-into-p-leveraging-general-factor-models-of-psychopathology-in-clinical-intervention
#17
EDITORIAL
John D Haltigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30853500/editorial-trials-and-tribulations-in-early-autism-intervention-research
#18
EDITORIAL
Tony Charman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851399/recurrence-risk-of-autism-in-siblings-and-cousins-a-multi-national-population-based-study
#19
Stefan N Hansen, Diana E Schendel, Richard W Francis, Gayle C Windham, Michaeline Bresnahan, Stephen Z Levine, Abraham Reichenberg, Mika Gissler, Arad Kodesh, Dan Bai, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Helen Leonard, Sven Sandin, Joseph D Buxbaum, Christina Hultman, Andre Sourander, Emma J Glasson, Kingsley Wong, Rikard Öberg, Erik T Parner
OBJECTIVE: Familial recurrence risk is an important population-level measure of the combined genetic and shared familial liability of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Objectives were to estimate ASD recurrence risk among siblings and cousins by varying degree of relatedness and by sex. METHOD: Population-based cohort study of 1998-2007 livebirths from California, Denmark, Finland, Israel, Sweden and Western Australia followed through 2011-2015. Subjects were monitored for an ASD diagnosis in their older siblings or cousins (exposure) and for their own ASD diagnosis (outcome)...
March 6, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851398/cumulative-prevalence-of-onset-and-recurrence-of-child-maltreatment-reports
#20
Hyunil Kim, Brett Drake
OBJECTIVE: We estimated cumulative probabilities of onset and recurrences of child maltreatment reports from birth to age 11. Estimates were provided overall and within subcategories of race/ethnicity, gender, and subtype. METHOD: We developed synthetic life tables from national Child Protective Services records (2003-2016) and Census data. Although 28 states and DC were used for estimates due to data quality, sensitivity analyses suggest that our estimates may be very similar to national estimates, with very minor underestimation...
March 6, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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