Journals International Journal of Oral ...

International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
F Hariri, R A Malek, N A Abdullah, S F Hassan
Midface hypoplasia in syndromic craniosynostosis (SC) may lead to serious respiratory issues. The aim of this study was to analyse the morphometric correlation between midface and cranial base parameters in paediatric SC patients in order to formulate predictive regression models. The computed tomography scans of 18 SC patients and 20 control were imported into Materialise Mimics Medical version 21.0 software for the measurement of multiple craniofacial landmarks and correlation analysis. The results showed a strong correlation of anterior cranial base (SN), posterior cranial base (SBa), and total cranial base (NBa) (r = 0...
September 20, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
I Apon, N van Leeuwen, S Polinder, S L Versnel, E B Wolvius, M J Koudstaal
This study was performed to describe observed healthcare utilization and medical costs for patients with a cleft, compare these costs to the expected costs based on the treatment protocol, and explore the additional costs of implementing the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) Standard Set for Cleft Lip and Palate (CL/P). Forty patients with unilateral CL/P between 0 and 24 years of age, treated between 2012 and 2019 at Erasmus University Medical Center, were included. Healthcare services (consultations, diagnostic and surgical procedures) were counted and costs were calculated...
September 20, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
A Campolo, C Heider, M F Verdugo-Paiva, R Bravo-Jeria, C G Morovic, G Rada
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of autologous platelet derivatives (APD), specifically platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), combined with autogenous iliac crest bone grafts in secondary alveoloplasty for patients with cleft lip and palate. Electronic databases, relevant journals, and reference lists of included studies were searched until July 2022. Best-evidence synthesis was performed to draw conclusions. After the search strategies, 12 randomized controlled trials were included that provided data on six outcomes: newly formed bone, mean bone loss in height and width, bone density, functionality, and postoperative complications...
September 18, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S Li, Z Wang, Z Li, S Xie, X Shan, Z Cai
Intraosseous schwannoma of the mandible is rare, with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The aims of this study were to report new cases of intraosseous schwannoma of the mandible and to propose a clinical classification, providing suggestions for treatment methods. The cases of 13 patients treated at the authors' hospital and 86 cases reported previously in the literature were reviewed. The most common clinical feature was facial swelling (60/93). The rate of cortical thinning or expansion was 44.8% (43/96); widening of the inferior alveolar nerve canal on radiographs was observed in 15 patients...
September 14, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
W Yu, D Luo, J Yang, M Yuan, Y Yang, Y Gao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of immediate implantation for chronic peri-apical periodontitis in the molar region. Seventy-four molars were selected and allocated randomly to two groups. The experimental group (n = 38) received immediate implantation by flap surgery and the control group (n = 36) received delayed implantation. CBCT was performed immediately after surgery (T1) and 12 months after the permanent repair (T3). The implant survival rate at T3 was 100% in both groups...
September 4, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
E A Al-Moraissi, A S Alkhutari, R de Bree, A Kaur, N H Al-Tairi, M Pérez-Sayáns
The best treatments for the clinically node-negative (cN0) neck in early-stage oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients are a subject of ongoing debate and there is no consensus. A network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) was conducted to determine the most effective treatment and to rank treatments based on their effectiveness. A systematic search was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines to retrieve RCTs that compared therapeutic neck dissection (TND), sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), and elective neck dissection (END)...
September 1, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
P Han, F Liang, P Lin, R Chen, Y Ye, X Huang
Long-term tumour recurrence rates and complications of endoscope-assisted partial superficial parotidectomy (PSP) are rarely reported compared to traditional open approaches. This retrospective study included 306 patients with superficial parotid benign neoplasms who were divided into an endoscopy group (endoscope-assisted PSP, n = 102) and a control group (conventional PSP, n = 204). There were no significant differences in clinical and pathological characteristics between the two groups, except age (P = 0...
August 29, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
T Kurimoto, T Goto, T Yasuda, H Yoshioka
Histiocytic sarcoma is a malignant proliferation of cells that exhibit morphological and immunophenotypic features of mature histiocytes. Owing to its rarity, its clinical features and standard treatment have not yet been established. This report describes a case of histiocytic sarcoma of the palate that developed in a 76-year-old man, the first report of an intraoral histiocytic sarcoma. An extended resection was performed; however, establishing the excision line was extremely difficult because assessing the tumour boundary on imaging was challenging and the tumour underwent dynamic gross morphological changes following biopsy...
August 27, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
O A Nicholson, C G F Van Lanschot, B N van den Besselaar, Y Aaboubout, T Iseli, J A U Hardillo, H Mast, L McDowell, S Koljenović, S Kranz, R J Baatenburg de Jong, S Keereweer, D Wiesenfeld
Buccal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) appears to behave more aggressively than other oral subsites, in particular with regards to regional disease at presentation and regional recurrence. Adequate management of the neck is of the utmost importance but is still the subject of debate. An international multicentre retrospective review of 101 patients treated for T1-T2 buccal SCC was performed. Twenty-four were staged clinical node positive (cN+) and underwent therapeutic neck dissection, while 77 were node negative (cN0), with 32 undergoing elective neck dissection (END), with an occult nodal metastasis rate of 28...
August 26, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
K-F Chow
This technical note describes a stepwise osteotomy for zygomatic implant placement with an extra-sinus trajectory under navigation using virtual markers for registration. The stepwise osteotomy protocol divides the trajectory of the zygomatic implant osteotomy into three consecutive co-axial components. The aim is to achieve better control of the osteotomy under navigation and to minimize or eliminate any intermittent free-hand drilling. The stepwise osteotomy protocol facilitates the use of shorter drills to finish the zygomatic implant osteotomy at the entry location before switching back to the long drill to complete the whole osteotomy...
August 22, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
O Camps-Font, H Sábado-Bundó, J Toledano-Serrabona, N Valmaseda-de-la-Rosa, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón
Clinicians frequently prescribe systemic antibiotics after lower third molar extractions to prevent complications such as surgical site infections and dry socket. A systematic review of randomised clinical trials was conducted to compare the risk of dry socket and surgical site infection after the removal of lower third molars with different prophylactic antibiotics. The occurrence of any antibiotic-related adverse event was also analysed. A pairwise and network meta-analysis was performed to establish direct and indirect comparisons of each outcome variable...
August 21, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
M de Boutray, L Cuau, M Ohayon, R Garrel, P Poignet, N Zemiti
Various methods currently exist to guide fibular osteotomy positioning in fibula free flap mandibular reconstruction, but patient-specific navigation methods and cutting guides require experience, and may be time-consuming and/or expensive. This study describes a robot-guided osteotomy technique for mandible reconstruction using a fibula free flap according to virtual preoperative planning. The method was assessed on five 3D-printed models and a cadaveric model. The precision of the robot-guided osteotomy was evaluated by measuring the deviations between the lengths and angles of the fragments obtained and those of the virtual planning...
August 19, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Y Wu, W Xu, H Lu, L Liu, S Liu, W Yang
Myoepithelial carcinoma (MECA) is a rare type of carcinoma for which the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors have not yet been fully clarified. A retrospective study of 42 patients diagnosed with salivary gland MECA was performed, focusing on the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors. Of the 42 patients, 20 died of cancer, 20 lived without tumour, one lived with distant metastasis, and one was lost to follow-up. Overall, 69.0% had tumour recurrence, 16.7% had cervical nodal metastasis, and 21...
August 15, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
T Terabe, N Ishibashi-Kanno, F Uchida, H Bukawa
Generally, systemic chemotherapy is indicated for oral squamous cell carcinoma with distant metastasis and has a poor prognosis. Recently, the advent of molecular targeted drugs, such as cetuximab and immune checkpoint inhibitors, has dramatically improved prognosis, though controlling distant metastasis remains challenging. We report a case of tongue cancer in which lung metastases disappeared in the long term. A 60-year-old Japanese male with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy and surgery including subtotal glossectomy, bilateral modified radical neck dissection, and immediate reconstruction with an anterolateral thigh flap...
August 12, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S S Subramaniam
This is the first published case report of a successful radial forearm free flap harvest on the same side in a patient who had undergone a mastectomy, axillary dissection, and radiotherapy 10 years prior to flap harvest.
August 9, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
V Agarwal, K Kumia, A Gupta, V Singh
This report highlights the role of local amphotericin B (AMB) injection in cases of maxillary mucormycosis. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a dramatic rise in the number of rhino-orbital mucormycosis cases. Although extensive surgical debridement remains the gold standard treatment, tissue salvage is desirable. The cases of two patients treated with local AMB are reported here, indicating that early intervention for maxillary fungal sinusitis in the form of local AMB may avoid the need for more invasive treatment...
August 5, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
J D P Claus, J Hidalgo, M S Almeida, H J C Lopes
Customization in orthognathic surgery allows better precision and a reduced surgical time. In Le Fort I osteotomy surgery, the maxillary segmentation is considered one of the most unstable procedures due to transverse instability. Various different types of palatal device have been proposed to address this instability. This note describes a customized bone-borne palatal guide and splint that may help surgeons shorten the surgical time and achieve better three-dimensional repositioning, with more postoperative comfort for the patient and occlusal control for the surgeon...
August 4, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
M R Markiewicz
The purpose of this article is to report the author's technique for using patient-specific distractors for customized distraction osteogenesis of the mandible in patients with Pierre Robin sequence and upper airway obstruction. The advantages of virtual planning and patient-specific plates in other aspects of craniomaxillofacial surgery, such as orthognathic and reconstructive surgery, have been reported previously. Similar to patient-specific plates, the theorized advantages of patient-specific distractors in infants with Robin sequence and upper airway obstruction include increased accuracy, decreased operating time, and less morbidity to vital anatomic structures such as the inferior alveolar nerve and developing tooth buds...
July 31, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
T Morita, T Sasaki, Y Koizumi, H Fukushima, W Shimbashi, H Mitani
Subtotal or total glossectomy for advanced tongue cancer has an adverse impact on swallowing. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyse postoperative swallowing outcomes and to determine the ideal reconstruction method in these patients. The clinical and swallowing data of patients with tongue cancer who underwent subtotal glossectomy at the study institution between 2005 and 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Data were available for 101 patients. The most common reconstruction method was a free rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (69 cases)...
July 27, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
A Kany, P Galli, C Vacher, C Bertolus, J-P Foy
This article describes a reliable surgical alternative for the repair of wide oromandibular defects that require bone and soft tissues, which was applied in two patient cases. While microvascular free flap transfer, especially the fibula flap, is the gold standard for mandibular reconstruction, this reconstruction is challenging in patients with a vessel-depleted neck and/or severe arteriosclerosis. The pedicled osteomuscular dorsal scapular (OMDS) flap is a surgical alternative to free flap transfer in this clinical setting...
July 21, 2023: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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