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International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

Michael Geary, Valerie T Guinto, Claudio G Sosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Aya Ashraf Ali, Ahmed Kamal Sayed, Loalo'a El Sherif, Gihan Ossam Loutfi, Abdullah Mahmoud Mohamed Ahmed, Hajer Bassem Mohamed, Ahmad Tareq Anwar, Abdullah Salah Taha, Reem Mohamed Yahia, Ahmed Elgebaly, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim
BACKGROUND: Two tocolytic drugs- atosiban and nifedipine-are currently used for first-line treatment of preterm labor (PTL). OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of atosiban with nifedipine for PTL treatment. SEARCH STRATEGY: In May 2017, we searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials with search terms including "nifedipine", "atosiban", and "preterm labor"...
February 19, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Serina Dai, Samar Nahas, Joan K Murphy, Janet Lawrence, Taymaa May, Tomer Feigenberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost and impact of routine preoperative computed tomography (CT) in patients with high-grade endometrial cancer, and its role in identifying extrauterine disease. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with high-grade endometrial cancer who underwent routine CT scan prior to surgical procedure between September 1, 2005, and January 31, 2015. Cases in which CT findings led to alterations in the treatment plan were documented...
February 19, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Satang Nabaneh, Adamson S Muula
While international and regional human rights instruments have recognized female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) as one of the most prevalent forms of violence against women and girls, in many African states FGM/C is a deeply entrenched cultural practice. There is a consensus against FGM, as evidenced by its criminalization in several African countries. The mere fact that the practice continues despite legislative measures to protect women and girls against FGM raises the question of whether change can be legislated...
February 19, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Sunday E Adaji, Adenike Jimoh, Umma Bawa, Habiba Ismail Ibrahim, Abiola A Olorukooba, Hamdalla Adelaiye, Comfort Garba, Anita Lukong, Suleiman Idris, Oladapo S Shittu
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's experience of group prenatal care in a rural Nigerian community. METHODS: In an observational study, consenting pregnant women were enrolled in a group prenatal care program based on the CenteringPregnancy model from July 1, 2010, to June 30, 2011, in Tsibiri, Nigeria. Women were interviewed before joining the group and postnatally. A predesigned pro forma was used to assess group behavior during sessions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to data...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Amita Maheshwari, Sudeep Gupta, Jaime Prat
Since the last update of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging for corpus uteri cancer in 2009, a number of new insights into pathology, molecular genetics, and prognostic factors that justify a revision have been made. We recommend incorporation of histotype and grade along with depth of myometrial invasion to define stage I endometrial cancer, a change from 3-tier grading to binary grading, and inclusion of lymph node status (negative versus not removed) in the definition of stage I disease...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Marta Benito, Carlos De Bonrostro, Andrea Agustín, Montserrat Roca, Jose M Campillos, Sergio Castán
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of intertwin interval on umbilical cord pH and Apgar scores of the second twin after vaginal delivery. METHODS: A retrospective study of twin deliveries at a university hospital in Spain between August 2012 and September 2017. Inclusion criteria were vaginal delivery of both twins at 32 gestational weeks or more. Exclusion criteria were monochorionic pregnancies and indication for cesarean delivery. The sample was dichotomized by intertwin interval (<10 and ≥10 minutes)...
February 16, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Man Wang, Zheng Hu, Qun X Cheng, Jun Xu, Chao Liang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the predictive value of thromboelastography parameters during early pregnancy as potential markers of severe pre-eclampsia during late pregnancy. METHODS: An observational retrospective case-control study was conducted among pregnant women who attended a single hospital in Shanghai, China, between July 1, 2016, and February 31, 2018. Data were obtained from medical records and a structured questionnaire completed by the participants. Thromboelastography parameters included time r; time k; α angle; maximum amplitude; clot lysis at 60 minutes; and coagulation index...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Jia Ni, Bingbing Han, Jiabin Liang, Fang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To assess three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound combined with power Doppler (PD) for the differential diagnosis of endometrial lesions among infertile women. METHODS: A prospective study carried out at a reproductive medicine center in Luoyang, China, between January and December 2015. The inclusion criteria were asymptomatic infertility with normal endometrium or specific endometrial lesions. Participants were subdivided by whether they had normal endometrium (group 1, n=357), or endometrial lesions including polyps, hyperplasia, intrauterine adhesions, or endometritis (group 2, n=99)...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Albert Manasyan, Elwyn Chomba, Janet Moore, Dennis Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure, Marion Koso-Thomas, Waldemar A Carlo
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that modified perinatal mortality, early neonatal mortality, and other measures of perinatal mortality are lower with facility births than with home births among deliveries conducted by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) or nurse-midwives. METHOD: This population-based observational study used data collected prospectively for home and facility deliveries conducted by TBAs and nurse-midwives in 13 rural communities in Zambia between September 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Birte J Wolff, Cara J Joyce, Cynthia A Brincat, Elizabeth R Mueller, Colleen M Fitzgerald
OBJECTIVE: To correlate lower urinary tract symptoms typically associated with a urinary tract infection (UTI) with physical examination findings of pelvic floor myofascial pain (PFMP). METHODS: This retrospective review included all new patients presenting to a urogynecology clinic between August 2 and December 19, 2016. Patients completed validated questionnaires, had a catheterized urine specimen, and underwent pelvic examination. Associations between demographics, symptoms, urine culture, and PFMP were analyzed...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Constantin M Durnea, Maya Basu, Kiran Dadhwal, Yasmin V Gayle, Nivedita Gauthaman, Azar Khunda, Stergios K Doumouchtsis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the values of perineal body (PB) and genital hiatus (GH) before and after posterior repair. We also evaluated the introital surface area (ISA)-a sum of transverse and longitudinal GH measurements. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a prospective case series included 94 women undergoing posterior vaginal prolapse surgery at a consultant urogynecology clinic between October 4, 2011, and October 2, 2014. Patients were examined in clinic using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system with Valsalva maneuver, and in theatre pre- and postoperatively with traction...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Shigeki Matsubara, Hironori Takahashi, Hitoshi Yano
Stein and Spätling [1] devised "quilting" uterine compression sutures (UCS)-horizontally placed U-sutures to fix the anterior and posterior wall. The authors stated that up to 12 sutures were applied, and technical details were illustrated in a video and the 2012 preliminary report [1]. This report showed that blood loss was reduced in the latter half of the study period. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 9, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Nobuaki Michihata, Daisuke Shigemi, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hiroki Matsui, Taisuke Jo, Hideo Yasunaga
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether Japanese Kampo medicines, including Sho-hange-kabukuryou-to, Touki-syakuyaku-san, and Hange-kouboku-to, are safe for fetuses, and whether these medicines reduce hospitalizations and medical costs in pregnant women with hyperemesis gravidarum. METHODS: We used the Japan Medical Data Center database to extract data for pregnant women (aged ≥19 years) admitted to obstetric clinics or hospitals for delivery between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2016...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Mamoru Morikawa, Takeshi Umazume, Ami Hosokawa-Miyanishi, Hidemichi Watari, Takao Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Seki, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cutoff of antithrombin activity for predicting the interval from diagnosis of early-onset pre-eclampsia to delivery. METHODS: At Hokkaido University Hospital, Japan, data were retrospectively assessed on antithrombin activity measured at both diagnosis of pre-eclampsia and delivery among women with singleton pregnancy and pre-eclampsia (defined by combined gestational hypertension and proteinuria) between 2009 and 2017. The timing of delivery was determined by maternal and fetal well-being...
February 3, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Tang Lingli, Ye Jiangfeng, Shi Yingli, Zhu Xiaoyong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between CD16++ monocytes in peripheral blood and the clinical features and short-term therapeutic effects of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included women diagnosed with PCOS at a university hospital in Shanghai, China, between June 4 and November 28, 2016. Patients received Diane-35, metformin, or both combined for 3 months. We collected anthropometric measures and used flow cytometry to detect CD16++ monocytes...
February 2, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Anibal Faúndes, Marina Padilla de Gil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Jared Tepper, Kathryn Corelli, Reshama Navathe, Stephen Smith, Jason K Baxter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes following management of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) by two fetal assessment strategies. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study performed at two hospitals in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between July 2010 and June 2015, data were reviewed from 180 singleton pregnancies with PPROM at 230 -336 weeks of gestation that underwent expectant management. Outcomes were compared between continuous electronic fetal heart monitoring (EFM) with daily biophysical profile (BPP) ("continuous monitoring") and a non-stress test (NST) three times per day ("periodic monitoring") by using Mann-Whitney U and Fisher exact tests...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Mohamed Rezk, Elsayed Elshamy, Abd-Elhamid Shaheen, Mohamed Shawky, Hala Marawan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and a copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) on menstrual changes and uterine artery Doppler indices. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted at Menoufia University Hospital, Egypt, between December 2016 and August 2017. 306 multiparous women desiring intrauterine contraception were randomly assigned to LNG-IUS (n=152) or Cu-IUD (n=154). Uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistant index (RI) were measured before use, and 3 and 6 months after insertion, and associations with abnormal bleeding were evaluated...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Jonetta J Mpofu, Fatma Soud, Meghan Lyman, Alimamy P Koroma, Diane Morof, Sascha Ellington, Samuel S Kargbo, William Callaghan
OBJECTIVES: To examine Ebola virus disease (EVD) symptom prevalence and EVD status among pregnant women in Ebola isolation units in Sierra Leone. METHODS: In an observational study, data were obtained for pregnant women admitted to Ebola isolation units across four districts in Sierra Leone from June 29, 2014, to December 20, 2014. Women were admitted to isolation units if they had suspected EVD exposures or fever (temperature >38°C) and three or more self-reported symptoms suggestive of EVD...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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