Family Practice | Page 2

Anthea Dallas, Andrew Davey, Katie Mulquiney, Joshua Davis, Paul Glasziou, Mieke Van Driel, Parker Magin
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prescribing for acute self-limiting respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in Australia is higher than international benchmarks. Antibiotics have little or no efficacy in these conditions, and unnecessary use contributes to antibiotic resistance. Delayed prescribing has been shown to reduce antibiotic use. GP registrars are at a career-stage when long-term prescribing patterns are being established. AIM: To explore experiences, perceptions and attitudes of GP registrars and supervisors to delayed antibiotic prescribing for ARTIs...
November 30, 2019: Family Practice
Karen E Mate, Michelle Barnett, Karen P Kerr, C Dimity Pond, Parker J Magin
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that anticholinergic medication is avoided in older people, especially those with cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate anticholinergic load (ACL) over time in older primary care patients with and without cognitive impairment. METHODS: Community-dwelling general practice patients at baseline (n = 1768), at year one (n = 1373) and a restricted cohort (with possible or definite cognitive impairment) at year two (n = 370) had medication regimens documented by a research nurse during a home visit...
November 30, 2019: Family Practice
Mariana L Henry, Judith H Lichtman, Kendra Hanlon, Danya E Keene
BACKGROUND: Housing is a growing challenge for US adults in an increasingly unaffordable housing market. These housing challenges can create barriers to effective management and control of Type II Diabetes. However, little is known about how housing challenges are perceived and navigated by clinicians who care for patients with Type II Diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To examine how primary care clinicians perceive and navigate their patients' housing challenges in the context of Type II Diabetes management...
November 28, 2019: Family Practice
Mari Somerville, Emily Burch, Lauren Ball, Lauren T Williams
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Improving diet quality is key in preventing this progression, yet little is known about the characteristics of individuals with prediabetes or the nutrition care they receive. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify characteristics and experiences associated with receiving a prediabetes diagnosis prior to developing T2D. METHODS: A mixed methods study encompassed a quantitative subanalysis of participants with newly diagnosed T2D from The 3D Study, and semi-structured telephone interviews with a subsample of participants who were previously diagnosed with prediabetes...
November 27, 2019: Family Practice
Pallavi Prathivadi, Chris Barton, Danielle Mazza
BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, Australian opioid-prescribing rates and related morbidity and mortality have dramatically increased. Opioids are frequently prescribed by general practitioners (GPs) to manage chronic non-cancer pain, despite evidence-based recommendations from the Centre for Disease Control, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and World Health Organization widely cautioning their use. Little is known about the factors influencing the opioid prescribing decisions of Australian GPs, especially when not evidence based...
November 26, 2019: Family Practice
Victoria Bodendorfer, Afton M Koball, Cary Rasmussen, Judy Klevan, Luis Ramirez, Denyse Olson-Dorff
BACKGROUND: Research has focused on screening for adverse childhood experiences, rather than provision of education as a part of routine anticipatory guidance. An adverse childhood experiences 'conversation' is one method that has not been studied empirically but represents a complimentary or alternative approach to screening which could overcome many existing barriers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine parent/guardian and provider acceptability/feasibility of the adverse childhood experiences conversation during well-child visits in primary care...
November 23, 2019: Family Practice
Susanne Elsner, Martina Juergensen, Elke Faust, Achim Niesel, Louise Schreiber Pedersen, Peter Martin Rudnicki, Annika Waldmann
BACKGROUND: Female urinary incontinence (UI) is common. Only scant information exists on the significance of UI for GPs' consultations. OBJECTIVES: (i) To assess the significance of female UI for GPs and to look at barriers that could be detrimental to treatment by comparing GPs from Denmark and Germany, with different health systems and access to UI guidelines. (ii) To assess whether GPs' gender and age were relevant to the discussion of UI. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey...
November 23, 2019: Family Practice
Frank Moriarty, Mark H Ebell
BACKGROUND: Recent aspirin trials have not shown similar benefits for primary prevention as older studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare benefits and harms of aspirin for primary prevention before and after widespread use of statins and colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: We compared studies of aspirin for primary prevention that recruited patients from 2005 onward with previous individual patient data (IPD) meta-analyses that recruited patients from 1978 to 2002...
November 21, 2019: Family Practice
Cornelis A de Kock, Peter L Lucassen, Reinier P Akkermans, J André Knottnerus, Peter C Buijs, Romy Steenbeek, Antoine L Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Perception by workers of their health problems as work-related is possibly associated with sickness absence (SA). The aim of this study was to to study the relationship between perceived work-relatedness of health problems and SA among workers who visit their GP, taking the influence of other potential determinants into account and to study the influence of these determinants on SA. Design and setting prospective cohort study in 32 Dutch GP practices. METHODS: A secondary analysis of RCT data among workers, aged 18-63 years, who visited their GP...
November 20, 2019: Family Practice
Max Zubatsky, Matthew Witthaus, Jeffrey F Scherrer, Joanne Salas, Sarah Gebauer, Sandra Burge, F David Schneider
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with receipt of opioids in non-cancer pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the receipt of opioid therapy modifies the relationship of depression and use of multiple non-opioid pain treatments. METHODS: Patients (n = 320) with chronic low back pain (CLBP) were recruited from family medicine clinics and completed questionnaires that measured use of home remedies, physical treatments requiring a provider and non-opioid medication treatments...
November 20, 2019: Family Practice
Marianne McCallum, Peter Hanlon, Frances S Mair, John Mckay
BACKGROUND: Practice population socioeconomic status is associated with practice postgraduate training accreditation. General Practitioner recruitment to socioeconomically deprived areas is challenging, exposure during training may encourage recruitment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of practice population socioeconomic deprivation score and training status, and if this has changed over time. METHODS: Cross-sectional study looking at socioeconomic deprivation and training status for all General Practices in Scotland (n = 982)...
November 20, 2019: Family Practice
Emily O'Dowd, Sinéad Lydon, Caoimhe Madden, Paul O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Health care complaints are an underutilized resource for quality and safety improvement. Most research on health care complaints is focused on secondary care. However, there is also a need to consider patient safety in general practice, and complaints could inform quality and safety improvement. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to synthesize the extant research on complaints in general practice. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched: Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Academic Search Complete...
November 19, 2019: Family Practice
Anh Pham, Michael Cummings, Cliff Lindeman, Neil Drummond, Tyler Williamson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2019: Family Practice
Antxon Apiñaniz, Raquel Cobos-Campos, Arantza Sáez de Lafuente-Moríñigo, Naiara Parraza, Felipe Aizpuru, Iraida Pérez, Enara Goicoechea, Nerea Trápaga, Laura García
BACKGROUND: Health advice is useful for establishing behavioural changes, but such changes tend not to last. It would therefore be good to identify mechanisms for reinforcing advice and one option is the use of information and communication technologies. Given the limited evidence on the effectiveness of such technologies, we decided to conduct a clinical trial to assess the efficacy of a mobile application (app) for supporting the provision health advice for weight loss. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial with 110 obese and overweight patients from the Basque public health care network (Araba)...
November 18, 2019: Family Practice
Marie-Louise L Baun, Henry Jensen, Alina Z Falborg, Hanne N Heje, Lone K Petersen, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) survival rates are lower in Denmark than in countries with similar health care. Prolonged time to diagnosis could be a contributing factor. The Danish cancer patient pathway (CPP) for OC was introduced in 2009. It provides GPs with fast access to diagnostic work-up. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cancer suspicion and pathway use among GPs and to explore the association between these factors and the diagnostic intervals (DIs). METHODS: We conducted a national population-based cohort study using questionnaires and national registers...
November 18, 2019: Family Practice
Luis García-Olmos, Maurice Batlle, Rio Aguilar, Carlos Porro, Montse Carmona, Angel Alberquilla, Luis M Sánchez-Gómez, Elena Monge, Ana B López-Rodríguez, Luis Benito, Nicolas Baños, Amaya Simón, Miguel A Martínez-Álvarez, Eva M Luque, Cristina García-Benito
BACKGROUND: Although both hospitalization and mortality due to heart failure (HF) have been widely studied, less is known about the impact of HF on disability and quality of life. AIM: To assess the degree of disability and quality of life in HF patients attended at family medicine centres. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of a cohort of HF patients attended at family medicine centres. METHODS: Disability was assessed with the WHODAS 2 questionnaire, which provides a global and six domain scores that is understanding and communication, getting around, self-care, getting along with people, life activities and participation in society...
November 18, 2019: Family Practice
Joseph S Tan, Annahir N Cariello, Mickeal Pugh, Richard S Henry, Paul B Perrin, Natalie D Dautovich, Bruce Rybarczyk
BACKGROUND: The 3P model proposes that predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors all play a role in sleep disturbance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study is to investigate social determinants of sleep disturbance by applying the 3P model to a safety-net primary care setting, specifically by evaluating the role of classism and unmet needs as precipitating factors for sleep disturbance, and anxiety as a perpetuating factor for sleep disturbance...
November 14, 2019: Family Practice
Jodie Valpied, Kelsey Hegarty, Stephanie Brown, Lorna O'doherty
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows counselling delivered by trained family doctors reduces depression for women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). However, the potential for self-efficacy, doctor support and safety enquiry to mediate these effects has not been examined. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether (i) women experiencing IPV and counselled by a trained family doctor report greater self-efficacy, perceived doctor support and enquiry about safety than those receiving usual care and (ii) whether self-efficacy, doctor support and enquiry mediate effects of counselling on depression for these women...
November 13, 2019: Family Practice
Mike R Kohut, Sara C Keller, Jeffrey A Linder, Pranita D Tamma, Sara E Cosgrove, Kathleen Speck, Roy Ahn, Prashila Dullabh, Melissa A Miller, Julia E Szymczak
BACKGROUND: Perceived patient demand for antibiotics drives unnecessary antibiotic prescribing in outpatient settings, but little is known about how clinicians experience this demand or how this perceived demand shapes their decision-making. OBJECTIVE: To identify how clinicians perceive patient demand for antibiotics and the way these perceptions stimulate unnecessary prescribing. METHODS: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with clinicians in outpatient settings who prescribe antibiotics...
November 6, 2019: Family Practice
Lena J Skarshaug, Silje L Kaspersen, Johan H Bjørngaard, Kristine Pape
BACKGROUND: General Practitioners' (GPs') workload has been suggested to increase in many countries; how does this impact patient follow-up? OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends in GP consultation patterns for adults according to baseline hypertension and anxiety/depression symptoms and attribution of the GP to trend differences. METHODS: Prospective cohort study, linking survey data and clinical measurements from the Norwegian HUNT3 study (2006-08) with national administrative data on GP list assignment and consultations with GP services...
November 6, 2019: Family Practice
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