Rebecca Mullen, Amanda Weidner, Winston Liaw, Arch G Mainous, Christina M Hester, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Donald Nease, David Schneider, Bernard Ewigman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2020: Family Practice
Sharline Riiser, Inger Haukenes, Valborg Baste, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Øystein Hetlevik, Sabine Ruths
BACKGROUND: Depression is more prevalent among women and people with low socio-economic status. Uncertainties exist about how general practitioner (GP) depression care varies with patients' social position. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between patients' gender and educational status combined and GP depression care following certification of sickness absence. METHODS: Nationwide registry-based cohort study, Norway, 2012-14. Reimbursement claims data from all consultations in general practice for depression were linked with information on socio-demographic data, social security benefits and depression medication...
November 5, 2020: Family Practice
Rineke Gordijn, Melianthe P J Nicolai, Henk W Elzevier, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Martina Teichert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adverse drug reactions on sexual functioning (sADRs) may seriously decrease a person's quality of life. A multitude of diseases and drugs are known risk factors for sexual dysfunction. To inform patients better about these potential effects, more insight is needed on the estimated number of patients at high risk for sADRs and their characteristics. METHODS: This cross-sectional study estimated the number of patients in the Netherlands who were dispensed drugs with a potential very high risk (>10%) or high risk (1-10%) for sADRs as registered in the Summary of Product Characteristics, the official drug information text in Europe...
November 3, 2020: Family Practice
Kyleigh Schraeder, Gina Dimitropoulos, Brooke Allemang, Kerry McBrien, Susan Samuel
BACKGROUND: Family physicians and other members of the primary health care (PHC) team may be ideally positioned to provide transition care to adolescents and young adults (AYAs; aged 12-25 years) exiting pediatric specialty services. Potential solutions to well-known challenges associated with integrating PHC and specialty care need to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To identify strategies to transition care by PHC professionals for AYAs with chronic conditions transitioning from pediatric to adult-oriented care...
October 31, 2020: Family Practice
Ayse Didem Esen, Meltem Akpinar
BACKGROUND: The data concerning the association of smoking and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are limited. The effects of cigarette smoking on OSA still remain obscure. OBJECTIVES: To reveal the impact of smoking on obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: About 384 patients with the diagnosis of OSA through full night polysomnographic (PSG) examination were included to the study. The demographic data (age, sex and BMI), complaints and medical history, status of smoking as non-smokers and smokers, smoking frequency (cigarettes/day), polysomnograhic data comprising apnea hypopnea index (AHI), non-REM sleep AHI (NREM AHI), REM sleep AHI (REM AHI), minimum oxygen saturation (min SaO2) were recorded for all the subjects...
October 31, 2020: Family Practice
Mariana S Lopes, Patrícia P Freitas, Maria C R Carvalho, Nathália L Ferreira, Suellen F Campos, Mariana C Menezes, Aline C S Lopes
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an increasingly prevalent chronic condition. Its multiple causes and the complexity of its treatment pose challenges for health professionals. OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe the challenges for obesity management in the Brazilian Unified Health System according to health professionals. METHODS: An exploratory quantitative web-based study, carried out in 2018 with health professionals, developed from the first stage of a national project that aims to examine the management of obesity in Brazil...
October 31, 2020: Family Practice
Tatjana Gazibara, Milica Cakic, Jelena Cakic, Anita Grgurevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
BACKGROUND: Browsing webpages that offer health information allows visitors to remain anonymous, particularly when researching sensitive topics. Uncertainty about confidentiality may be a barrier for adolescents to discuss their health in-person with a physician and seek further health information on the Internet after seeing a physician. OBJECTIVE: To explore factors contributing to perceived online health information seeking after visiting a physician in a sample of high school students...
October 23, 2020: Family Practice
Maaike Honsbeek, Aimée Tjon-A-Tsien, Emina Omeragic, Ellen Stobberingh, Wilbert van Oorschot, Margreet Vos, Jan Hendrik Richardus, Hélène Voeten
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of obtaining nasal and rectal swabs from general practice patients for measuring carriage of antibiotic resistant microorganisms in an area in Rotterdam (the Netherlands) with low socioeconomic status and a large immigrant population. METHODS: Data collection was from May to December 2017, in one general practice in Rotterdam. We asked adults (≥18 years) visiting the general practitioner (GP) with complaints not related to infections for one nasal and two rectal swabs and tested these for highly resistant microorganisms (HRMOs)...
October 23, 2020: Family Practice
Sanni Yaya, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Gebretsadik Shibre
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in neonatal mortality rates (NMRs) in low- and middle-income countries show key disparities at the detriment of disadvantaged population subgroups. There is a lack of scholarly evidence on the extent and reasons for the inequalities in NMRs in Angola. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the socio-economic, place of residence, region and gender inequalities in the NMRs in Angola. METHODS: The World Health Organization Health Equity Assessment Toolkit software was used to analyse data from the 2015 Angola Demographic and Health Survey...
November 28, 2020: Family Practice
Dustin S DeMoss, Kari J Teigen, Cynthia A Claassen, Mandy J Fisk, Somer E Blair, Sulaimon A Bakre, Cheryl L Hurd, Augustus J Rush
BACKGROUND: In a primary care population, the relationship between treatment of depression and hypertension (HTN) under the recently revised American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association HTN thresholds for diagnosing HTN is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the association between changes in severity of co-occurring depression and HTN over time using the newly revised versus previous HTN guidelines. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, outpatients ≥18 years (n = 3018) with clinically significant depressive symptoms and elevated blood pressure at baseline were divided into a 'revised' guideline group (baseline blood pressure ≥130/80 mmHg), a 'classic' guideline group (≥140/90 mmHg) and a 'revised-minus-classic' group (≥130/80 and <140/90 mmHg)...
October 19, 2020: Family Practice
Bruno R Nascimento, Craig Sable, Maria Carmo P Nunes, Kaciane K B Oliveira, Juliane Franco, Marcia M Barbosa, Alison T Reese, Adriana C Diamantino, Domingos Sávio G Ferreira Filho, Frederico V B Macedo, Leonardo A M Raso, Sarcha M W Paiva, Antonio L P Ribeiro, Andrea Z Beaton
BACKGROUND: Impact of heart disease (HD) on pregnancy is significant. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of integrating screening echocardiography (echo) into the Brazilian prenatal primary care to assess HD prevalence. METHODS: Over 13 months, 20 healthcare workers acquired simplified echo protocols, utilizing hand-held machines (GE-VSCAN), in 22 primary care centres. Consecutive pregnant women unaware of HD underwent focused echo, remotely interpreted in USA and Brazil...
October 19, 2020: Family Practice
Marije van Melle, Samir I S Yep Manzano, Hugh Wilson, Willie Hamilton, Fiona M Walter, Sarah E R Bailey
BACKGROUND: Recently, faecal immunochemical tests (FITs) have been introduced for investigation of primary care patients with low-risk symptoms of colorectal cancer (CRC), but recommendations vary across the world. This systematic review of clinical practice guidelines aimed to determine how FITs are used in symptomatic primary care patients and the underpinning evidence for these guidelines. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and TRIP databases were systematically searched, from 1 November 2008 to 1 November 2018 for guidelines on the assessment of patients with symptoms suggestive of CRC...
October 19, 2020: Family Practice
Marion Eisele, Malte Harder, Anja Rakebrandt, Sigrid Boczor, Gabriella Marx, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress has a negative impact on the prognosis and quality of life for patients with heart failure. We investigated the association between psychological distress and the patients' adherence to medical treatment (medication adherence) and self-care advice (lifestyle adherence) in heart failure. We further examined whether there are different factors associated with low medication compared to low lifestyle adherence. METHOD: This secondary analysis of the RECODE-HF cohort study analyzed baseline data of 3099 primary care heart failure patients aged 74 ± 10 years, 44...
October 19, 2020: Family Practice
Rian C Lelie-van der Zande, Marcel L Bouvy, And Martina Teichert
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most prevalent medical conditions among women seeking primary care. About 20-40% of the women have a UTI recurrence during their lifetime. OBJECTIVE: To provide insight in the patterns of recurring annual dispensing for antibiotics commonly used for UTI treatment in women, aged 18 years or older, during a 5-year follow-up period in the Netherlands. METHODS: The Dutch Foundation of Pharmaceutical statistics collects dispensing data from more than 90% of all community pharmacies...
October 15, 2020: Family Practice
Yun Wei, Yanli Liu, Xuexue Zhao, Guanghui Jin, Yali Zhao, Xiaoqin Lu
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of rural general practitioners (GPs) in China. Training programs have been initiated to meet the needs of GP workforce in the rural areas; however, there is an absence of validated tool to assess their competencies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a competency model for rural general practitioner (CMRGP) after training in China and to examine its validity and reliability. METHODS: A multistage process was adopted to develop the CMRGP comprised literature review, panel discussion and expert consultation, and the initial version of CMRGP was reduced from 10 domains and 77 items to 7 domains and 54 items...
October 12, 2020: Family Practice
Jason A Sharpe, Brook I Martin, Julie M Fritz, Michael G Newman, John Magel, Megan E Vanneman, Anne Thackeray
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions are common and cause high levels of disability and costs. Physical therapy is recommended for many musculoskeletal conditions. Past research suggests that referral rates appear to have increased over time, but the rate of accessing a physical therapist appears unchanged. OBJECTIVE: Our retrospective cohort study describes the rate of physical therapy use after referral for a variety of musculoskeletal diagnoses while comparing users and non-users of physical therapy services after referral...
October 12, 2020: Family Practice
Areeb Mian, Sima Al-Asad, Shujhat Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2020: Family Practice
Lauren R Sastre, Leslie T Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined barriers (e.g. time) for Family Medicine Providers (FMPs) to provide nutrition and lifestyle counseling, however, to date no studies have examined access or interest to Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (RDN) care for patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore FMP access, referral practices, barriers and preferences for RDN care. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey, with content and face validation was conducted with Family Medicine Departments within large academic health care systems in the Southeastern United States...
October 6, 2020: Family Practice
Nadia Alam El-Deen, Angi A Alwakeel, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Yahya Wahba
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal abnormality encountered by primary care physicians. The demands of families with DS children are significantly high with possible burdens on their primary caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To assess the burden of DS children on their family primary caregivers and to identify the variables associated with caregiver burden. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mansoura, Egypt from March 2019 to March 2020 including 457 family primary caregivers and their DS children...
October 1, 2020: Family Practice
Niamh Chapman, Rebekah E McWhirter, Martin G Schultz, Douglas Ezzy, Mark R Nelson, James E Sharman
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention recommend assessment of absolute CVD risk to guide clinical management. Despite this, use among general practitioners (GPs) remains limited. OBJECTIVE: Pathology services may provide an appropriate setting to assess and report absolute CVD risk in patients attending for cholesterol measurement. This study aimed to explore GPs perceptions of such a service. METHODS: A focus group and semi-structured interviews were conducted with GPs (n = 18) in Tasmania, Australia, to identify perceptions of assessment and reporting of absolute CVD risk via pathology services...
October 1, 2020: Family Practice
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