Family Practice

Paul Sebo, Hubert Maisonneuve, Jean Pascal Fournier
BACKGROUND: Many studies examined gender inequalities in research, but only a few data are available for general biomedical journals. We assessed the prevalence of female first authorship in general biomedical journals and examined its variations across a number of author, article and journal characteristics. METHODS: This study was nested within a larger project designed to analyze the bibliometric characteristics of scientific articles. We retrieved 767 randomly selected articles published in 2016 in high impact factor journals of primary healthcare (n = 9) and general internal medicine (n = 9)...
January 14, 2020: Family Practice
Jennifer J Johnston, Jo M Longman, Dan P Ewald, Margaret I Rolfe, Sergio Diez Alvarez, Adrian H B Gilliland, Steven C Chung, Sumon K Das, Jonathan M King, Megan E Passey
BACKGROUND: Potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH) are defined as unplanned hospital admissions which could potentially have been prevented with the provision of effective, timely outpatient care. To better understand and ultimately reduce rates of PPH, a means of identifying those which are actually preventable is required. The Preventability Assessment Tool (PAT) was designed for use by hospital clinicians to assess the preventability of unplanned admissions for chronic conditions...
December 18, 2019: Family Practice
José M Ordóñez-Mena, Thomas R Fanshawe, Chris C Butler, David Mant, Denise Longhurst, Peter Muir, Barry Vipond, Paul Little, Michael Moore, Beth Stuart, Alastair D Hay, Hannah V Thornton, Matthew J Thompson, Sue Smith, Ann Van den Bruel, Victoria Hardy, Laikin Cheah, Derrick Crook, Kyle Knox
BACKGROUND: Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTIs) account for most antibiotics prescribed in primary care despite lack of efficacy, partly due to clinician uncertainty about aetiology and patient concerns about illness course. Nucleic acid amplification tests could assist antibiotic targeting. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 645 patients presenting to primary care with acute cough and suspected ALRTI, provided throat swabs at baseline. These were tested for respiratory pathogens by real-time polymerase chain reaction and classified as having a respiratory virus, bacteria, both or neither...
December 17, 2019: Family Practice
Jaedon P Avey, Laurie Moore, Barbara Beach, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Lisa G Dirks, Denise A Dillard, Douglas Novins
BACKGROUND: For populations with high rates of trauma exposure yet low behavioural health service use, identifying and addressing trauma in the primary care setting could improve health outcomes, reduce disability and increase the efficiency of health system resources. OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability and feasibility of a screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) process for trauma and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among American Indian and Alaska Native people...
December 14, 2019: Family Practice
Leon Jonker, Richard Thwaites, Stacey J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) services in England offer psychological therapy for patients with mental health issues such as depression and anxiety disorders. OBJECTIVE: How are primary care patients referred to IAPT, to what degree does this correlate with subsequent attendance, and how is the referral process perceived by patients? METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records covering June 2018-June 2019 in seven general practices servicing 96 000 patients, to identify and survey patients with anxiety and/or depression...
December 12, 2019: Family Practice
Jolien J Glaudemans, Dick L Willems, Jan Wind, Bregje D Onwuteaka Philipsen
BACKGROUND: Using advance care planning (ACP) to anticipate future decisions can increase compliance with people's end-of-life wishes, decrease inappropriate life-sustaining treatment and reduce stress, anxiety and depression. Despite this, only a minority of older people engage in ACP, partly because care professionals lack knowledge of approaches towards ACP with older people and their families. OBJECTIVE: To explore older people's and their families' experiences with ACP in primary care...
December 9, 2019: Family Practice
Luis González-De Paz, Pablo Gálvez-Henández, María Dolores Navarro-Rubio
BACKGROUND: Instruments to examine patients' communication skills are impractical for daily clinical practice in primary health care, and it is assumed that health care professionals are always aware of the communication and comprehension status of patients. OBJECTIVE: To design and examine the psychometric properties of a new questionnaire (AsCkS) to screen patients' risk of low communication and comprehension skills. METHODS: Designing the new questionnaire involved: (i) a content validity study to generate a set of items, (ii) administration of a questionnaire in a sample of patients and (iii) study of the psychometric properties using a Rasch probabilistic model...
December 4, 2019: Family Practice
Hayley R Thomas, Laura Deckx, Nicolas A Sieben, Michele M Foster, Geoffrey K Mitchell
BACKGROUND: End-of-life discussions often are not initiated until close to death, even in the presence of life-limiting illness or frailty. Previous research shows that doctors may not explicitly verbalize approaching end-of-life in the foreseeable future, despite shifting their focus to comfort care. This may limit patients' opportunity to receive information and plan for the future. General Practitioners (GPs) have a key role in caring for increasing numbers of patients approaching end-of-life...
December 4, 2019: Family Practice
Laura Deckx, Hayley R Thomas, Nicolas A Sieben, Michele M Foster, Geoffrey K Mitchell
BACKGROUND: As doctors who provide care across the life-course, general practitioners (GPs) play a key role in initiating timely end-of-life discussions. Nonetheless, these discussions are often not initiated until close to death. Given the ageing of the population, GPs will be confronted with end-of-life care more often, and this needs to become a core skill for all GPs. OBJECTIVE: To describe GPs' approach to initiating end-of-life discussions. METHODS: Fifteen GPs or GP trainees from South-East Queensland, Australia, were purposively recruited to participate in a semi-structured interview...
December 1, 2019: Family Practice
Limor Adler, Linoy Gabay, Ilan Yehoshua
BACKGROUND: Clinical research in family medicine can improve health outcomes and increase physicians' professionalism, yet is modest compared to other disciplines and receives little funding. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors that promote and impede engagement of family physicians in research and to compare characteristics of family physicians who do and do not engage in research. METHODS: During September to October 2018, e-mail questionnaires were sent to 1424 primary care physicians of one health maintenance organization...
November 30, 2019: Family Practice
Anthea Dallas, Andrew Davey, Katie Mulquiney, Joshua Davis, Paul Glasziou, Mieke Van Driel, Parker Magin
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prescribing for acute self-limiting respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in Australia is higher than international benchmarks. Antibiotics have little or no efficacy in these conditions, and unnecessary use contributes to antibiotic resistance. Delayed prescribing has been shown to reduce antibiotic use. GP registrars are at a career-stage when long-term prescribing patterns are being established. AIM: To explore experiences, perceptions and attitudes of GP registrars and supervisors to delayed antibiotic prescribing for ARTIs...
November 30, 2019: Family Practice
Karen E Mate, Michelle Barnett, Karen P Kerr, C Dimity Pond, Parker J Magin
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that anticholinergic medication is avoided in older people, especially those with cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate anticholinergic load (ACL) over time in older primary care patients with and without cognitive impairment. METHODS: Community-dwelling general practice patients at baseline (n = 1768), at year one (n = 1373) and a restricted cohort (with possible or definite cognitive impairment) at year two (n = 370) had medication regimens documented by a research nurse during a home visit...
November 30, 2019: Family Practice
Mariana L Henry, Judith H Lichtman, Kendra Hanlon, Danya E Keene
BACKGROUND: Housing is a growing challenge for US adults in an increasingly unaffordable housing market. These housing challenges can create barriers to effective management and control of Type II Diabetes. However, little is known about how housing challenges are perceived and navigated by clinicians who care for patients with Type II Diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To examine how primary care clinicians perceive and navigate their patients' housing challenges in the context of Type II Diabetes management...
November 28, 2019: Family Practice
Mari Somerville, Emily Burch, Lauren Ball, Lauren T Williams
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Improving diet quality is key in preventing this progression, yet little is known about the characteristics of individuals with prediabetes or the nutrition care they receive. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify characteristics and experiences associated with receiving a prediabetes diagnosis prior to developing T2D. METHODS: A mixed methods study encompassed a quantitative subanalysis of participants with newly diagnosed T2D from The 3D Study, and semi-structured telephone interviews with a subsample of participants who were previously diagnosed with prediabetes...
November 27, 2019: Family Practice
Pallavi Prathivadi, Chris Barton, Danielle Mazza
BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, Australian opioid-prescribing rates and related morbidity and mortality have dramatically increased. Opioids are frequently prescribed by general practitioners (GPs) to manage chronic non-cancer pain, despite evidence-based recommendations from the Centre for Disease Control, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and World Health Organization widely cautioning their use. Little is known about the factors influencing the opioid prescribing decisions of Australian GPs, especially when not evidence based...
November 26, 2019: Family Practice
Victoria Bodendorfer, Afton M Koball, Cary Rasmussen, Judy Klevan, Luis Ramirez, Denyse Olson-Dorff
BACKGROUND: Research has focused on screening for adverse childhood experiences, rather than provision of education as a part of routine anticipatory guidance. An adverse childhood experiences 'conversation' is one method that has not been studied empirically but represents a complimentary or alternative approach to screening which could overcome many existing barriers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine parent/guardian and provider acceptability/feasibility of the adverse childhood experiences conversation during well-child visits in primary care...
November 23, 2019: Family Practice
Susanne Elsner, Martina Juergensen, Elke Faust, Achim Niesel, Louise Schreiber Pedersen, Peter Martin Rudnicki, Annika Waldmann
BACKGROUND: Female urinary incontinence (UI) is common. Only scant information exists on the significance of UI for GPs' consultations. OBJECTIVES: (i) To assess the significance of female UI for GPs and to look at barriers that could be detrimental to treatment by comparing GPs from Denmark and Germany, with different health systems and access to UI guidelines. (ii) To assess whether GPs' gender and age were relevant to the discussion of UI. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey...
November 23, 2019: Family Practice
Frank Moriarty, Mark H Ebell
BACKGROUND: Recent aspirin trials have not shown similar benefits for primary prevention as older studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare benefits and harms of aspirin for primary prevention before and after widespread use of statins and colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: We compared studies of aspirin for primary prevention that recruited patients from 2005 onward with previous individual patient data (IPD) meta-analyses that recruited patients from 1978 to 2002...
November 21, 2019: Family Practice
Cornelis A de Kock, Peter L Lucassen, Reinier P Akkermans, J André Knottnerus, Peter C Buijs, Romy Steenbeek, Antoine L Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Perception by workers of their health problems as work-related is possibly associated with sickness absence (SA). The aim of this study was to to study the relationship between perceived work-relatedness of health problems and SA among workers who visit their GP, taking the influence of other potential determinants into account and to study the influence of these determinants on SA. Design and setting prospective cohort study in 32 Dutch GP practices. METHODS: A secondary analysis of RCT data among workers, aged 18-63 years, who visited their GP...
November 20, 2019: Family Practice
Max Zubatsky, Matthew Witthaus, Jeffrey F Scherrer, Joanne Salas, Sarah Gebauer, Sandra Burge, F David Schneider
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with receipt of opioids in non-cancer pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the receipt of opioid therapy modifies the relationship of depression and use of multiple non-opioid pain treatments. METHODS: Patients (n = 320) with chronic low back pain (CLBP) were recruited from family medicine clinics and completed questionnaires that measured use of home remedies, physical treatments requiring a provider and non-opioid medication treatments...
November 20, 2019: Family Practice
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