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Family Practice

Sébastien Dawidowicz, Julien Le Breton, Laura Moscova, Vincent Renard, Sandrine Bercier, Zahida Brixi, Etienne Audureau, Pascal Clerc, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin, Emilie Ferrat
BACKGROUND: No study has investigated factors associated with non-participation or partial participation in the different combination patterns of screening programmes for all three cancers, that is, breast, colorectal and cervical cancer. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we sought to describe combinations of cancer screening participation rates among women in the Val-de-Marne area of France and to identify individual and contextual factors associated with non-participation or partial participation...
July 15, 2019: Family Practice
Laura Moscova, Fabien Leblanc, Jacques Cittee, Julien Le Breton, Sophie Vallot, Julie Fabre, Tan-Trung Phan, Vincent Renard, Emilie Ferrat
BACKGROUND: Underdiagnosis and undertreatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) are common in older patients, who are usually treated by general practitioners (GPs). In 2007, the French ICAGE study explored GPs' attitudes to the management of this condition in older patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore changes over time in GPs' attitudes towards the management of CHF in patients aged ≥75 and to identify barriers to optimal management. METHODS: In 2015, we performed a qualitative study of 20 French GPs via semi-structured interviews and a thematic content analysis...
July 12, 2019: Family Practice
Ewa Taranta, Ludmila Marcinowicz
BACKGROUND: There is increasing focus on collaboration in primary health care, but there is insufficient patient perspective on collaboration between the family nurse and family doctor. OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients perceive collaboration between the family nurse and family doctor in primary health care in Poland. METHODS: A qualitative approach and an inductive, naturalistic inquiry strategy were used. Thirty-seven patients from eight general practice clinics in the north-eastern part of Poland participated in semi-structured, face-to-face interviews...
July 8, 2019: Family Practice
Lisa Be Shields, Jessica G Wilkett Barnes, Connie Buckley, George J Mikos, Katie N Rogers, John T Hamm, Joseph M Flynn, Steven T Hester, Joshua T Honaker
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer death in men and women in the USA, led by Kentucky. In 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services initiated annual lung cancer screening with a low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scan. This observational cohort study evaluated the multidisciplinary approach to this screening in our metropolitan community. METHODS: We present the prospective findings of patients who underwent a screening lung LDCT scan over a 2-year period at our institution in Kentucky...
July 4, 2019: Family Practice
Taylor McFadden, Michelle Fortier, Ryan McGinn, Brendan M Levac, Shane N Sweet, Jennifer R Tomasone
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) remains under prescribed by physicians. Motivation and confidence are clear drivers of frequency of promoting PA. Research shows demographic differences in physicians' preventive practices, yet none have included medical students who form habits during training. OBJECTIVES: Study objectives were to (i) examine how Canadian medical students' motivation to recommend PA to future patients differs according to six demographic variables (i...
July 4, 2019: Family Practice
Elena C Harty, Jennifer G McIntosh, Adrian Bickerstaffe, Nadira Hewabandu, Jon D Emery
OBJECTIVE: Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) globally. Our research team has developed a CRC risk prediction tool for use in primary care to increase targeted screening. This study, Colorectal cancer RISk Prediction tool - patient ('CRISP-P'), aimed to determine the following to inform a future trial design: (i) the feasibility of self-reporting; (ii) the feasibility of recruitment methods; and (iii) the prevalence of CRC risk. METHODS: Participants aged between 40 and 75 years were recruited consecutively from three primary care waiting rooms...
June 25, 2019: Family Practice
Øystein Hetlevik, Gina Garre-Fivelsdal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Stefan Hjørleifsson, Sabine Ruths
BACKGROUND: Depression is prevalent in general practice, but few studies have explored patient-reported depression care. AIM: To investigate patient-reported treatment received for depression and future treatment preferences among adult patients visiting their GP, and to evaluate the associations with sex, age and educational level. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in general practices in Norway from 2016 to 2017...
June 19, 2019: Family Practice
Laura Am Duineveld, Hanneke Molthof, Thijs Wieldraaijer, Anthony Wh van de Ven, Wim B Busschers, Henk Cpm van Weert, Jan Wind
BACKGROUND: Primary health care use increases when cancer is diagnosed. This increase continues after cancer treatment. More generalist care is suggested to improve survivorship care. It is unknown to what extent cancer-related symptoms are currently presented in primary care in this survivorship phase. OBJECTIVE: To analyse primary health care utilization of colon cancer patients during and after treatment with curative intent. METHODS: In a prospective multicentre cohort study among patients with curatively treated colon cancer, we describe the primary health care utilization during the first 5 years of follow-up...
June 17, 2019: Family Practice
Silpa Srinivasulu, Katherine A Falletta, Dayana Bermudez, Yolyn Almonte, Rachel Baum, Madeline Coriano, Ashley Grosso, Kathryn Iglehart, Cathy Mota, Laura Rodriguez, Jecenia Taveras, Natalie Tobier, Samantha V Garbers
BACKGROUND: Incorporating pregnancy intention screening into primary care to address unmet preconception and contraception needs may improve delivery of family planning services. A notable research gap exists regarding providers' experiences conducting this screening in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To explore primary care providers' perceived challenges in conducting pregnancy intention screening with women of reproductive age and to identify strategies to discuss this in primary care settings...
June 11, 2019: Family Practice
M J C Schot, A R J Dekker, C H van Werkhoven, A W van der Velden, J W L Cals, B D L Broekhuizen, R M Hopstaken, N J de Wit, T J M Verheij
BACKGROUND: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a common reason for children to consult in general practice. Antibiotics are often prescribed, in part due to miscommunication between parents and GPs. The duration of specific respiratory symptoms has been widely studied. Less is known about illness-related symptoms and the impact of these symptoms on family life, including parental production loss. Better understanding of the natural course of illness-related symptoms in RTI in children and impact on family life may improve GP-parent communication during RTI consultations...
June 5, 2019: Family Practice
Dorte E Jarbøl, Jesper Lykkegaard, Jane M Hansen, Anders Munck, Peter F Haastrup
BACKGROUND: Prescribing of proton-pump inhibitors has substantially increased. Information from clinical settings is warranted to gain insight into reasons for prescribing. AIM: To investigate Danish General Practitioners' management and reasons for prescribing of proton-pump inhibitors and to identify areas for quality improvement. METHODS: All general practitioners in the Region of Southern Denmark and their staff were invited to participate in a 4-week audit on all contacts with patients prescribed proton-pump inhibitors...
June 5, 2019: Family Practice
Takaaki Ikeda, Toru Tsuboya, Jun Aida, Yusuke Matsuyama, Shihoko Koyama, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Katsunori Kondo, Ken Osaka
BACKGROUND: Health inequalities are an emerging issue in ageing societies, but inequalities in pre-frailty, which is suffered by almost half of older people, are mostly unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between the socio-economic status (SES) and changes across pre-frailty, frailty, disability and all-cause mortality. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study across 23 Japanese municipalities between 2010 and 2013...
May 21, 2019: Family Practice
Tu N Nguyen, Patrice Ngangue, Jeannie Haggerty, Tarek Bouhali, Martin Fortin
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy carries the risk of adverse events, especially in people with multimorbidity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of polypharmacy in community-dwelling adults, the association of multimorbidity with polypharmacy and the use of medications for primary prevention. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the follow-up data from the Program of Research on the Evolution of a Cohort Investigating Health System Effects (PRECISE) in Quebec, Canada...
May 19, 2019: Family Practice
Antxon Apiñaniz, Raquel Cobos-Campos, Arantza Sáez de Lafuente-Moríñigo, Naiara Parraza, Felipe Aizpuru, Iraida Pérez, Enara Goicoechea, Nerea Trápaga, Laura García
BACKGROUND: Health advice is useful for establishing behavioural changes, but such changes tend not to last. It would therefore be good to identify mechanisms for reinforcing advice and one option is the use of information and communication technologies. Given the limited evidence on the effectiveness of such technologies, we decided to conduct a clinical trial to assess the efficacy of a mobile application (app) for supporting the provision health advice for weight loss. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial with 110 obese and overweight patients from the Basque public health care network (Araba)...
May 16, 2019: Family Practice
Peter Leusink, Renee Steinmann, Merel Makker, Peter L Lucassen, Doreth Teunissen, Antoine L Lagro-Janssen, Ellen T Laan
BACKGROUND: Provoked Vulvodynia (PVD) is the most common cause of vulvar pain. General practitioners (GPs) are insufficiently familiar with it, causing a delay in many women receiving correct diagnosis and treatment. Besides patients factors, this delay can partly be explained by the reluctance of GPs to explore the sexual context of PVD and by their negative emotional reactions such as helplessness and frustration when consulted by patients with medically unexplained symptoms like PVD...
May 10, 2019: Family Practice
Katharina Schmalstieg-Bahr, Christiane A Müller, Eva Hummers
BACKGROUND: In Germany, almost 50% of prescriptions for benzodiazepines and drugs as Zolpidem and Zopiclone are as out-of-pocket (OOP) prescriptions-requiring patients to buy the drug at their own expense-although almost 90% of the population has statutory health insurance covering medication costs. OBJECTIVE: To understand why general practitioners (GPs) choose this prescribing method since needed medications are insurance covered, and unnecessary drugs should not be prescribed at all...
May 8, 2019: Family Practice
Fiona Scheibl, Jane Fleming, Jackie Buck, Stephen Barclay, Carol Brayne, Morag Farquhar
BACKGROUND: It can be challenging for general practitioners to support their oldest old patients through the complex process of relocation. OBJECTIVE: To provide a typology of the experiences of moving in very old age that is clinically useful for practitioners navigating very old people's relocation. METHODS: Qualitative analysis of data from a mixed-methods UK population-based longitudinal study, Cambridge City over-75s Cohort (CC75C), from Year 21 follow-up onwards...
May 4, 2019: Family Practice
Marie-Louise L Baun, Henry Jensen, Alina Z Falborg, Hanne N Heje, Lone K Petersen, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) survival rates are lower in Denmark than in countries with similar health care. Prolonged time to diagnosis could be a contributing factor. The Danish cancer patient pathway (CPP) for OC was introduced in 2009. It provides GPs with fast access to diagnostic work-up. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cancer suspicion and pathway use among GPs and to explore the association between these factors and the diagnostic intervals (DIs). METHODS: We conducted a national population-based cohort study using questionnaires and national registers...
May 2, 2019: Family Practice
Ann Rubach, Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, Sandra Elnegaard, Stine E Larsen, Dorte E Jarbøl
BACKGROUND: The majority of men who report urological symptoms of extreme concern or influence on daily activities do not contact their general practitioner (GP). No previous study on barriers to health care seeking with lower urinary tract symptoms in men has been carried out in a population-based setting. OBJECTIVES: (i) To examine associations between different types of lower urinary tract symptoms and barriers to contact a GP in men with urological symptoms reported to be of concern or influencing daily activity (termed 'bothersome'); (ii) to examine associations between age and barriers to health care seeking in men with bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms...
April 30, 2019: Family Practice
Luis García-Olmos, Maurice Batlle, Rio Aguilar, Carlos Porro, Montse Carmona, Angel Alberquilla, Luis M Sánchez-Gómez, Elena Monge, Ana B López-Rodríguez, Luis Benito, Nicolas Baños, Amaya Simón, Miguel A Martínez-Álvarez, Eva M Luque, Cristina García-Benito
BACKGROUND: Although both hospitalization and mortality due to heart failure (HF) have been widely studied, less is known about the impact of HF on disability and quality of life. AIM: To assess the degree of disability and quality of life in HF patients attended at family medicine centres. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of a cohort of HF patients attended at family medicine centres. METHODS: Disability was assessed with the WHODAS 2 questionnaire, which provides a global and six domain scores that is understanding and communication, getting around, self-care, getting along with people, life activities and participation in society...
April 26, 2019: Family Practice
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