Steven E Roskos, Laurie Fitzpatrick, Bengt Arnetz, Judy Arnetz, Shiva Shrotriya, Elizabeth Hengstebeck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Complex patients present an increasing challenge to the health care system and family physicians play an important role in their care. As part of a larger project exploring family physicians' perceptions of complex patients, we sought to understand how complex patients affect family physicians and if these effects might be related to physician burnout. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study involving interviews with family physicians from various practice settings...
December 27, 2020: Family Practice
James R Phelps, Olivia R Pipitone, Kenneth Squires, Jonathan D Bale
BACKGROUND: The Collaborative Care Model of psychiatric consultation in primary care has improved outcomes for unipolar depression, but bipolar depressions are challenging for providers and consultants. Although lamotrigine and lithium are both first line medications for bipolar depression, their use in primary care has been declining over the last decade. OBJECTIVE: Our project aimed to quantify the frequency of and adoption of recommendations for lamotrigine and lithium, and their adverse effects, in a Collaborative Care program...
December 26, 2020: Family Practice
Camilla Aakjær Andersen, Henriette Sav Hedegård, Thomas Løkkegaard, Joachim Frølund, Martin Bach Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesize the published literature regarding the education of general practitioners (GPs) and GPs in training (GPTs) in the use of ultrasonography. DESIGN: This systematic review was prospectively registered in PROSPERO, conducted according to the Cochrane recommendations. We combined studies identified in a previous systematic review with studies from an updated literature search using the same search string. We searched the following databases: MEDLINE via Pubmed, EMBASE via OVID, Cinahl via Ebsco, Web of Science and Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials using the words 'ultrasonography' and 'general practice'...
December 26, 2020: Family Practice
Saskia J Bogers, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Nynke van Dijk, Karlijn Groen, Marije L Groot Bruinderink, Godelieve J de Bree, Peter Reiss, Suzanne E Geerlings, Jan E A M van Bergen
OBJECTIVES: In the Netherlands, general practitioners (GPs) perform two-thirds of sexually transmitted infection (STI) consultations and diagnose one-third of HIV infections. GPs are, therefore, a key group to target to improve provider-initiated HIV testing. We describe the design and implementation of an educational intervention to improve HIV testing by Amsterdam GPs and explore trends in GPs' testing behaviour. METHODS: Interactive sessions on HIV and STI using graphical audit and feedback started in 2015...
December 26, 2020: Family Practice
Ganesh Kumar Saya, Kariyarath Cheriyath Premarajan, Gautam Roy, Sonali Sarkar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar, Jeby Jose Olickal
BACKGROUND: Information is paucity about the extent of contraception practise among the unmet need eligible couples after counselling. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of unmet need for family planning (FP), the extent to which they practise desired contraception methods after baseline counselling and the reasons for not practicing it. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional analytical study was conducted between 2016 and 2019 among 2228 currently married couples with periodic follow ups of unmet need group...
December 22, 2020: Family Practice
Myra Quiroga, Elizabeth A Shephard, Luke T A Mounce, Madeline Carney, William T Hamilton, Sarah J Price
BACKGROUND: Pre-existing conditions interfere with cancer diagnosis by offering diagnostic alternatives, competing for clinical attention or through patient surveillance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between oesophagogastric cancer stage and pre-existing conditions. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) data, with English cancer registry linkage. Participants aged ≥40 years had consulted primary care in the year before their incident diagnosis of oesophagogastric cancer in 01/01/2010-31/12/2015...
December 21, 2020: Family Practice
Charlotte V A Albury, Sue Ziebland, Helena Webb, Elizabeth Stokoe, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: GPs are encouraged to make brief interventions to support weight loss, but they report concern about these conversations, stating that they need more details on what to say. Knowing how engage in these conversations could encourage GPs to deliver brief interventions for weight loss more frequently. OBJECTIVE: To examine which specific words and phrases were successful in achieving conversational alignment and minimizing misunderstanding, contributing to effective interventions...
December 19, 2020: Family Practice
Nicholas Pimlott, Payal Agarwal, Lisa M McCarthy, Miles J Luke, Susan Hum, Sumeet Gill, Ruth Heisey
BACKGROUND: Virtual consults have replaced in-person visits for many home-isolated patients with COVID-19 disease. OBJECTIVES: To describe the natural history, clinical management and outcomes of community-dwelling patients with COVID-19, who received support from a family medicine-led, virtual CovidCare@Home program in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Observational, descriptive study conducted by retrospective chart review of 98 patients enrolled during the first 5 weeks of program implementation (8 April-11 May 2020); 73 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, with symptom onset ≤ 14 days before initial consult were included for analysis...
December 19, 2020: Family Practice
Seyma Oncu, Dilara Bayram, Volkan Aydin, Fatma Isli, Mesil Aksoy, Ahmet Akici, Reyhan Ucku, Ayse Gelal
BACKGROUND: Generic drug (GD) use is affected by many factors, including physicians' approach. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge, opinions and attitudes of primary care physicians (PCPs) about GDs and potentially associated factors. METHODS: An adequately representative sample (n = 354) of PCPs was determined via stratified and simple random sample selection method in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The research data were collected through a face-to-face 40-item survey, where the knowledge, opinions and attitudes about GDs were questioned...
December 19, 2020: Family Practice
Loreto García Del Barrio, Cristina Rodríguez-Díez, Raquel Martín-Lanas, Patricio Costa, Manual J Costa, Nieves Díez
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an essential competence in the medical field. There are no validated patient-rated empathy measures in Spanish (Spain). The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure is a widely used patient-rated measure of physician empathy. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the reliability and validity of the Spanish (Spain) version of the CARE measure in primary care. METHODS: After translation, back translation and pilot testing, a convenient sample of 369 patients recruited through 21 primary care physicians in five primary care centres in Pamplona (Navarre, Spain) completed the Spanish (Spain) CARE (Sp-CARE) measure...
December 19, 2020: Family Practice
Benjamin Soudais, Virginie Lacroix-Hugues, François Meunier, André Gillibert, David Darmon, Matthieu Schuers
BACKGROUND: The definition and the treatment of male urinary tract infections (UTIs) are imprecise. This study aims to determine the frequency of male UTIs in consultations of general practice, the diagnostic approach and the prescribed treatments. METHODS: We extracted the consultations of male patients, aged 18 years or more, during the period 2012-17 with the International Classification of Primary Care, version 2 codes for UTIs or associated symptoms from PRIMEGE/MEDISEPT databases of primary care...
December 19, 2020: Family Practice
Debra L Verdonk, Mark Spigt, Valéria Lima Passos, Steffie E J M Klemann-Harings, Ramon P G Ottenheijm
BACKGROUND: Shoulder complaints arise from a single pathology or a combination of different underlying pathologies that are hard to differentiate in general practice. Subgroups of pathologies have been identified on the basis of ultrasound imaging that might affect treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to validate the existence of different subgroups of patients with shoulder complaints, based on ultrasound-detected pathology, and compare clinical features among them...
December 12, 2020: Family Practice
Aikaterini Kanellopoulou, Eleni Antoniou, Venetia Notara, George Antonogeorgos, Andrea-Paola Rojas-Gil, Ekaterini Kornilaki, Maria-Eleni Kordoni, Anna Velentza, Magdalini Mesimeri, Areti Lagiou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity during childhood consist two of the most important public health issues in the 21st century. Consumption of high-fat processed food has been increased alarmingly. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between parental ultra-processed, high-fat products' consumption and childhood overweight/obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, conducted among 422 children, aged 10-12 years, and their parents, during school years 2014-16...
December 3, 2020: Family Practice
Noemie Roland, Christophe Leon, Enguerrand du Roscoat, Henri Panjo, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Virginie Ringa
BACKGROUND: Every year, it is estimated that 143 000 French children are exposed to interparental violence (IPV). This exposure may have deleterious lifelong impact on mental health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between exposure to IPV in childhood and, as adults, the presence of depressive symptoms during the past year, suicidal thoughts and lifetime suicide attempt. METHODS: Our study is based on data from the 2017 French Health Barometer, a general population cross-sectional phone survey...
November 30, 2020: Family Practice
Alexander Avian, Stephanie Poggenburg, Dagmar Schaffler-Schaden, Kathryn Hoffmann, Linda Sanftenberg, Svetla Loukanova, Herbert Bachler, Sabine Gehrke-Beck, Marija Petek Ster, Annette Becker, Markus Herrmann, Thomas Frese, Ferdinand Gerlach, Erika Zelko, Maria Flamm, Marco Roos, Michael Freitag, Julia Schirgi, Anita Rieder, Andrea Siebenhofer
BACKGROUND: A shortage of general practitioners (GPs) is common to many European countries. To counteract this, it is essential to understand the factors that encourage or discourage medical students from choosing to become a GP. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate medical students' attitudes towards general practice and to identify factors that discourage them from considering a career as a GP. METHODS: In this multinational cross-sectional online survey, 29 284 students from nine German, four Austrian and two Slovenian universities were invited to answer a questionnaire consisting of 146 closed and 13 open-ended items...
November 30, 2020: Family Practice
Miriam T Fox, Jaclyn Tamaroff, Andrew G Percy, Stephanie Baker, Courtney Altshuler, Mariju Baluyot, Rosalyn W Stewart
BACKGROUND: Mauriac syndrome is a rare consequence of poorly controlled insulin-dependent diabetes, characterized by hepatomegaly, growth failure, delayed onset of puberty, and cushingoid features. Case reports of patients with Mauriac syndrome are found infrequently in the literature given historic improvements in diabetes management due to readily available insulin therapy. METHODS: We describe a case of a 14-year-old girl who presented with acute onset abdominal pain, distention, and orthopnea...
November 20, 2020: Family Practice
Nives Radošević Quadranti, Vera Vlahović-Palčevski, Branislava Popović, Ines Diminić-Lisica
BACKGROUND: Publication and implementation of clinical guidelines is an important educational measure that considerably helps physicians in choosing appropriate antimicrobial drug. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate long-term changes in antimicrobial prescribing habits before and after publishing the guidelines and to determine the factors that influence physician's decision to prescribe an antimicrobial drug. METHODS: The study among general practitioners in Primorsko-Goranska County was conducted in three periods (January 2009, January 2011 and April 2019) by using a structured questionnaire that included general data about the physician, questions about their habits in antibiotic prescribing, criteria that influenced decision to prescribe antibiotics and antimicrobial agent(s) preferred in treating common infections...
November 20, 2020: Family Practice
Giuliano Piccoliori, Angelika Mahlknecht, Muna E Abuzahra, Adolf Engl, Vera Breitenberger, Anna Vögele, Carmelo Montalbano, Andreas Sönnichsen
BACKGROUND: Systematic strategies promoting quality of care in general practice are yet under-represented in several European countries. OBJECTIVE: This interventional study assessed whether a combined intervention (self-audit, benchmarking, quality circles) improved quality of care in Salzburg, Austria and South Tyrol, Italy. The present publication reports the Italian results. METHODS: We developed quality indicators for general practice in a consensus process based on pre-existing quality programmes...
November 13, 2020: Family Practice
Paul Sebo, Sylvain de Lucia, Nathalie Vernaz
BACKGROUND: Family medicine is a relatively new academic medical discipline. We aimed to compare the main bibliometric indices of hospital-based senior physicians practicing internal medicine versus family medicine in Switzerland. METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study in March 2020. We selected all hospital-based senior physicians practicing internal medicine or family medicine in the six Swiss university hospitals. Using Web of Science, after removing from both groups of physicians the 5% with the highest number of publications, we extracted the number of publications, the number of publications per year, the number of citations, the number of citations per year, the number of citations per publication and the h-index...
November 13, 2020: Family Practice
Jo Hilder, Lesley Gray, Maria Stubbe, Sarah Duncan, Anthony C Dowell
BACKGROUND: Primary health care has an important role to play in the management of weight and yet discussions of healthy weight management do not occur optimally, indicating a need for simple tools and training in brief weight counselling. The 'FABS' approach (focusing on four topic areas: Food, Activity, Behaviour and Support) was developed to address this. OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of the 'FABS' approach within routine general practice consultations and its effectiveness in facilitating healthy weight conversations...
November 13, 2020: Family Practice
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