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Family Practice

Nasheeta Peer, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Naomi Levitt
BACKGROUND: The use of waist-to-height ratio has been suggested as a better proxy indicator of central obesity. OBJECTIVE: To compare the utility of waist-to-height ratio with commonly used adiposity indices of body mass index, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio to identify cardio-metabolic diseases in 25-74-year-old black residents of Cape Town. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, stratified for age and gender, determined cardio-metabolic abnormalities by administered questionnaires, clinical measurements and biochemical analyses, including oral glucose tolerance tests...
August 29, 2019: Family Practice
Daniel I Rhon, Trevor A Lentz, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: Self-report information about pain and pain beliefs are often collected during initial consultation for musculoskeletal pain. These data may provide utility beyond the initial encounter, helping provide further insight into prognosis and long-term interactions of the patient with the health system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if pain catastrophizing and pain-related body symptoms can predict future health care utilization. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study...
August 29, 2019: Family Practice
Deborah N Lo-Fo-Wong, Hanneke C de Haes, Neil K Aaronson, Doris L van Abbema, Jolien M Admiraal, Mathilda D den Boer, Marjan van Hezewijk, Marcelle Immink, Ad A Kaptein, Marian B Menke-Pluijmers, Nicola S Russell, Manon Schriek, Sieta Sijtsema, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Mirjam A Sprangers
BACKGROUND: The number of women with breast cancer in general practice is rising. To address their needs and wishes for a referral, GPs might benefit from more insight into women's health care practices and need for additional support. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of health care use and remaining needs among women with breast cancer in the first 15 months after diagnosis. METHODS: In this multicentre, prospective, observational study women with breast cancer completed a questionnaire at 6 and 15 months post-diagnosis...
August 27, 2019: Family Practice
Anya P G F Vieira-Meyer, Maria De Fatima A S Machado, Fabiane A Gubert, Ana Patricia P Morais, Yana Paula Sampaio, Maria Vieira L Saintrain, Drew Cameron, Sarah Reynolds, Tala Katarina Ram, Lia Fernald
BACKGROUND: Brazil is the most populous country with a public, universal and free health care system. The National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (PMAQ) was created to improve the quality of primary health care (PHC). OBJECTIVE: To evaluated whether progress generally has been made within Brazil's PHC since PMAQ implementation, and if changes occurred uniformly in the country, while also identifying municipal characteristics that may have influenced the improvement...
August 21, 2019: Family Practice
Moniek Van Der Zanden, Doreth Am Teunissen, Inger W Van Der Woord, Didi Dm Braat, Willianne Ldm Nelen, Annemiek W Nap
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is an invalidating gynaecological condition in women of reproductive age, and a frequent cause of infertility. Unfortunately, the condition is characterized by a long interval between onset of symptoms and diagnosis. GPs in the Netherlands are educated to provide basic gynaecological care and serve as gatekeepers for specialist medical care. Therefore, it is of great importance that they recognize signs and symptoms possibly caused by endometriosis to initiate adequate actions...
August 15, 2019: Family Practice
Tom Terpstra, Janna M Gol, Peter L B J Lucassen, Juul Houwen, Sandra van Dulmen, Marjolein Y Berger, Judith G M Rosmalen, Tim C Olde Hartman
BACKGROUND: General practice is the centre of care for patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). Providing explanations for MUS, i.e. making sense of symptoms, is considered to be an important part of care for MUS patients. However, little is known how general practitioners (GPs) do this in daily practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore how GPs explain MUS to their patients during daily general practice consultations. METHODS: A thematic content analysis was performed of how GPs explained MUS to their patients based on 39 general practice consultations involving patients with MUS...
August 8, 2019: Family Practice
Chyi-Feng Jan, Tzu-Hung Liu, Chien-Han Ho, Yin-Chu Chien, Che-Jui Chang, Fei-Ran Guo, Kuo-Chin Huang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the required hepatitis B vaccine doses for subjects who were seronegative for three hepatitis B seromarkers during their youth who wish to have seroprotective antibodies against the hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study. From 2012 to 2015, graduate school students born after 1986 who were seronegative for three hepatitis B virus seromarkers at college entrance (n = 1037) were recruited...
August 3, 2019: Family Practice
Elsa Dinsdale, Ailish Hannigan, Ray O'Connor, Jane O'Doherty, Liam Glynn, Monica Casey, Peter Hayes, Dervla Kelly, Walter Cullen, Andrew O'Regan
BACKGROUND: Timely and accurate communication between primary and secondary care is essential for delivering high-quality patient care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the content contained in both referral and response letters between primary and secondary care and measure this against the recommended national guidelines. METHODS: Using an observational design, senior medical students and their general practice supervisors applied practice management software to identify 100 randomly selected adults, aged greater than 50 years, from a generated list of consults over a 2-year period (2013-2015)...
August 2, 2019: Family Practice
Takuya Aoki, Shunichi Fukuhara, Yosuke Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: The existing scales to measure patient experience of primary care for adults tend to be with many items and difficult to use outside of the research setting. OBJECTIVE: To develop a Japanese version of Primary Care Assessment Tool Short Form as a concise scale for assessing patient experience of primary care and to examine its validity and reliability. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a primary care practice-based research network in Japan (25 primary care facilities)...
July 20, 2019: Family Practice
Josephine M E Gibson, Colette Miller, Jacqueline Coupe, Stephanie P Jones
BACKGROUND: Lifelong secondary prevention medication is recommended after stroke or transient ischaemic attack. However, poor medication adherence and persistence, which lead to suboptimal health outcomes, are common, but the reasons for this are not well understood, mainly because there have been few studies reporting adherence barriers in stroke survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to undertake a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies of medication-taking after stroke...
July 20, 2019: Family Practice
Sébastien Dawidowicz, Julien Le Breton, Laura Moscova, Vincent Renard, Sandrine Bercier, Zahida Brixi, Etienne Audureau, Pascal Clerc, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin, Emilie Ferrat
BACKGROUND: No study has investigated factors associated with non-participation or partial participation in the different combination patterns of screening programmes for all three cancers, that is, breast, colorectal and cervical cancer. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we sought to describe combinations of cancer screening participation rates among women in the Val-de-Marne area of France and to identify individual and contextual factors associated with non-participation or partial participation...
July 15, 2019: Family Practice
Laura Moscova, Fabien Leblanc, Jacques Cittee, Julien Le Breton, Sophie Vallot, Julie Fabre, Tan-Trung Phan, Vincent Renard, Emilie Ferrat
BACKGROUND: Underdiagnosis and undertreatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) are common in older patients, who are usually treated by general practitioners (GPs). In 2007, the French ICAGE study explored GPs' attitudes to the management of this condition in older patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore changes over time in GPs' attitudes towards the management of CHF in patients aged ≥75 and to identify barriers to optimal management. METHODS: In 2015, we performed a qualitative study of 20 French GPs via semi-structured interviews and a thematic content analysis...
July 12, 2019: Family Practice
Ewa Taranta, Ludmila Marcinowicz
BACKGROUND: There is increasing focus on collaboration in primary health care, but there is insufficient patient perspective on collaboration between the family nurse and family doctor. OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients perceive collaboration between the family nurse and family doctor in primary health care in Poland. METHODS: A qualitative approach and an inductive, naturalistic inquiry strategy were used. Thirty-seven patients from eight general practice clinics in the north-eastern part of Poland participated in semi-structured, face-to-face interviews...
July 8, 2019: Family Practice
Lisa Be Shields, Jessica G Wilkett Barnes, Connie Buckley, George J Mikos, Katie N Rogers, John T Hamm, Joseph M Flynn, Steven T Hester, Joshua T Honaker
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer death in men and women in the USA, led by Kentucky. In 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services initiated annual lung cancer screening with a low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scan. This observational cohort study evaluated the multidisciplinary approach to this screening in our metropolitan community. METHODS: We present the prospective findings of patients who underwent a screening lung LDCT scan over a 2-year period at our institution in Kentucky...
July 4, 2019: Family Practice
Taylor McFadden, Michelle Fortier, Ryan McGinn, Brendan M Levac, Shane N Sweet, Jennifer R Tomasone
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) remains under prescribed by physicians. Motivation and confidence are clear drivers of frequency of promoting PA. Research shows demographic differences in physicians' preventive practices, yet none have included medical students who form habits during training. OBJECTIVES: Study objectives were to (i) examine how Canadian medical students' motivation to recommend PA to future patients differs according to six demographic variables (i...
July 4, 2019: Family Practice
Elena C Harty, Jennifer G McIntosh, Adrian Bickerstaffe, Nadira Hewabandu, Jon D Emery
OBJECTIVE: Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) globally. Our research team has developed a CRC risk prediction tool for use in primary care to increase targeted screening. This study, Colorectal cancer RISk Prediction tool - patient ('CRISP-P'), aimed to determine the following to inform a future trial design: (i) the feasibility of self-reporting; (ii) the feasibility of recruitment methods; and (iii) the prevalence of CRC risk. METHODS: Participants aged between 40 and 75 years were recruited consecutively from three primary care waiting rooms...
June 25, 2019: Family Practice
Øystein Hetlevik, Gina Garre-Fivelsdal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Stefan Hjørleifsson, Sabine Ruths
BACKGROUND: Depression is prevalent in general practice, but few studies have explored patient-reported depression care. AIM: To investigate patient-reported treatment received for depression and future treatment preferences among adult patients visiting their GP, and to evaluate the associations with sex, age and educational level. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in general practices in Norway from 2016 to 2017...
June 19, 2019: Family Practice
Madelyn E N Loadsman, Theo J M Verheij, Alike W van der Velden
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of recently published data on impetigo presentation incidence and treatment practices in the routine Western European primary care setting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate impetigo incidence, treatments and recurrence in primary care in the Netherlands. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study. Electronic records of patients treated for impetigo in 2015 at 29 general practices in Utrecht and surrounds were reviewed...
July 31, 2019: Family Practice
Elke Huntink, Jan Koetsenruijter, Michel Wensing, Jan van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: To enhance cardiovascular risk management and patients' self-management, a tailored programme to improve cardiovascular risk management was tested in a randomized trial. The presented study concerned secondary analysis. OBJECTIVES: To explore the correlations of practice nurses' counselling skills at baseline on chronic illness care (measured with Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care questionnaire) and patients' self-management (assessed with Patient Activation Measure) at follow-up and to examine the effect of the tailored implementation programme on chronic illness care and patients' self-management...
July 31, 2019: Family Practice
Laura Am Duineveld, Hanneke Molthof, Thijs Wieldraaijer, Anthony Wh van de Ven, Wim B Busschers, Henk Cpm van Weert, Jan Wind
BACKGROUND: Primary health care use increases when cancer is diagnosed. This increase continues after cancer treatment. More generalist care is suggested to improve survivorship care. It is unknown to what extent cancer-related symptoms are currently presented in primary care in this survivorship phase. OBJECTIVE: To analyse primary health care utilization of colon cancer patients during and after treatment with curative intent. METHODS: In a prospective multicentre cohort study among patients with curatively treated colon cancer, we describe the primary health care utilization during the first 5 years of follow-up...
June 17, 2019: Family Practice
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