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European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784828/human-urogenital-myiasis-a-systematic-review-of-reported-cases-from-1975-to-2017
#1
REVIEW
Roghiyeh Faridnia, Masoud Soosaraei, Hamed Kalani, Mahdi Fakhar, Pikka Jokelainen, Reza Zolfaghari Emameh, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi
The public health importance of myiasis [infestation with dipterous (fly) larvae] remains unknown. This disease is spread worldwide in animals and humans, but baseline data on its prevalence are limited. In particular, knowledge on human urogenital myiasis (UGM) is scattered. As such, a systematic search was undertaken of five English and five Persian databases for publications describing UGM cases in English or Persian published between 1975 and 2017. In total, 45 papers reporting 59 UGM cases from various regions of the world are included in this review...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784826/comparison-of-caesarean-section-and-vaginal-delivery-for-pelvic-floor-function-of-parturients-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Xiao-Jing Yang, Yun Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects and complications of caesarean section (CSD) and vaginal delivery (VD) for pelvic floor function of parturients. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched for full-text articles regarding the clinical effects and complications of CSD and VD. Review Manager 5.0 was used for meta-analyses, sensitivity analysis and bias analysis. RESULTS: In total, 4491 patients were included in nine studies that met the eligibility criteria...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30743159/impact-of-in-vitro-fertilization-preimplantation-genetic-testing-ivf-pgt-funding-policy-on-clinical-outcome-an-issue-that-stems-beyond-effectiveness-of-treatment
#3
Yi-Hong Shao, Xiao Yun Zhang, William Buckett, Asangla Ao
OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to compare the patient characteristics, type of genetic disease and inheritance, volume of activity, practice patterns and pregnancy outcomes, in private versus publically funded IVF pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT) for translocation (IVF-PGT-SR) and aneuploidy (PGT-A) periods. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively analyzed data during both privately funded period (PRP) and publically funded period (PUP) of assisted reproductive technology (ART) for a total of 275 patients...
February 8, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784825/hla-g-is-upregulated-in-advanced-endometriosis
#4
Marici R Rached, Verônica Coelho, Maria Lúcia C Marin, Kátia Pincerato, André Fujita, Jorge E Kalil, Maurício S Abrão
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the HLA-G immunomodulatory protein is potentially involved in the pathophysiology of endometriosis or disease progression. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study of 227 women who underwent laparoscopy, being 146 for endometriosis excision and 81 for elective tubal ligation (control group). Soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels in the serum and peritoneal fluid (PF), as well as the HLA-G protein expression in matched eutopic and ectopic endometrium of women with and without endometriosis were evaluated by ELISA and immunohistochemistry assays, respectively...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784824/development-of-a-novel-bedside-index-for-the-early-identification-of-severe-maternal-infection
#5
Catherine O'Regan, Eimer G O'Malley, Karen A Power, Ciara M E Reynolds, Sharon R Sheehan, Michael J Turner
OBJECTIVES: International consensus reports have recently recommended that the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria for the diagnosis of sepsis should cease and that new bedside criteria need to be developed to improve prevention, early diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this retrospective audit was to evaluate a suite of four bedside clinical criteria, called the Early Maternal Infection Prompts (EMIP), in helping to identify women with a suspected severe infection who were admitted to a High Dependency Unit (HDU) in a large tertiary referral stand-alone maternity hospital...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30780074/obstetric-and-gynaecology-trainees-knowledge-of-paediatric-and-adolescent-gynaecology-services-in-the-uk-a-national-qualitative-thematic-analysis
#6
REVIEW
J K Ritchie, B Sahu, P L Wood
BACKGROUND: The British Society of Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology (BritSPAG) was created in 2000 with specific aims to include raising the profile of paediatric and adolescent gynaecology (PAG) within the United Kingdom (UK). The Society has since developed a set of clinical standards for all acute hospitals providing gynaecological services to enable successful provision of paediatric and adolescent gynaecology care. AIMS: To determine the depth of knowledge that obstetric and gynaecology trainees have with regards to the PAG services provided at their Hospital, reflecting how widely PAG services have had an impact on trainees...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776548/association-between-delivery-mode-and-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Bingjie Leng, Yong Zhou, Shuguo Du, Fang Liu, Lei Zhao, Guoqiang Sun, Yun Zhao
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common disease in aged women with negative physical and psychological influences. The long-term impact of delivery mode on POP remains uncertain. To evaluate the relationship between delivery mode and POP, a meta-analysis was carried out in this study. PubMed, Web of Science and CENTRAL were combined to search for relevant studies. Data were extracted by two investigators independently. Odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated by a random-effects model...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771718/risk-factors-for-pelvic-and-distant-recurrence-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#8
Ana Carolina Matos Queiroz, Vanessa Fabri, Henrique Mantoan, Solange Moraes Sanches, Andréia Paiva Gadelha Guimarães, Adriana Regina Gonçalves Ribeiro, João Paulo da Nogueira Silveira Lima, Michael Jenwel Chen, Glauco Baiocchi, Alexandre André Balieiro Anastácio da Costa
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of concomitant radiotherapy and cisplatin for locally advanced cervical cancer, recurrence rates remain high. New treatment strategies such as consolidation chemotherapy and different concomitant chemotherapy combinations have been tested in recent years. Identification of the best candidates for each treatment strategy could optimize results. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of data from 127 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stages IIB-IVA), treated at a single institution from 2005 to 2014...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784827/fluid-resuscitation-during-persistent-postpartum-haemorrhage-and-maternal-outcome-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Dacia D C A Henriquez, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Rosanne M Loeff, Joost J Zwart, Jos J M van Roosmalen, Jaap Jan Zwaginga, Johanna G van der Bom
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between increasing volumes of crystalloids and colloids administered before transfusion of packed red blood cells in women with persistent postpartum haemorrhage and adverse maternal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in the Netherlands. Women with persistent postpartum haemorrhage and known clear fluids volume for resuscitation were included. Women who received ≤2 L of clear fluids were the reference group...
February 4, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30731335/technological-innovation-and-personalized-surgical-treatment-for-early-stage-endometrial-cancer-patients-a-prospective-multicenter-italian-experience-to-evaluate-the-novel-percutaneous-approach
#10
S Gueli Alletti, S Cianci, E Perrone, F Fanfani, C Vascone, S Uccella, V Gallotta, G Vizzielli, A Fagotti, G Monterossi, G Scambia, C Rossitto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety, feasibility and oncological adequacy of the Percutaneous Surgical System - PSS in a consecutive series of low-risk endometrial cancer staging. STUDY DESIGN: From May 2015 to April 2017, we prospectively performed 30 consecutive percutaneous staging for low/intermediate risk endometrial cancer (FIGO stage IA G1-G2, IB G1-G2, IA G3). All patients were divided in two different groups on the basis of surgical procedure received: Group A included patients submitted to radical Class A hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy; Group B concerned patients that received a lymph nodal assessment also...
January 30, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30731334/cardiotocography-alone-vs-cardiotocography-with-st-segment-analysis-for-intrapartum-fetal-monitoring-in-women-with-late-term-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Alberto Puertas, Javier Góngora, Mercedes Valverde, Laura Revelles, Sebastian Manzanares, M Paz Carrillo
OBJECTIVES: Randomized studies have obtained conflicting results regarding the usefulness of fetal electrocardiographic (ECG) ST-segment analysis, possibly because these studies included non-homogeneous populations. We designed a study to determine whether this monitoring technique is potentially useful for populations at risk for fetal heart rate alterations during labor, i.e. groups of women who share late-term pregnancy as a risk factor. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial recruited women whose pregnancy had lasted more than 290 days...
January 30, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772047/primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-ongoing-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Anca Matei, Gabriele Saccone, Joshua P Vogel, Anthony B Armson
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions aimed at preventing PTB can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of systematic reviews on the effectiveness and safety of primary and secondary preterm birth prevention interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search of the Cochrane, PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and CINAHL databases was conducted on 2 September 2015, and updated on 21 November 2016...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711217/research-prioritization-of-interventions-for-the-primary-prevention-of-preterm-birth-an-international-survey
#13
John Allotey, Anca Matei, Shahid Husain, Sian Newton, Julie Dodds, Anthony B Armson, Khalid S Khan, Joshua P Vogel
OBJECTIVE: To identify research priorities of interventions for the primary prevention of preterm birth (PTB), by conducting an international stakeholder survey. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional online survey was conducted in November 2016. Fifteen interventions to prevent spontaneous PTB were identified and ranked by stakeholders (n = 159) in the field of maternal and perinatal health research, using nine equally weighted criteria. Medians and interquartile ranges (IQRs) were calculated and the interventions ranked accordingly...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711812/twin-vaginal-delivery-to-maintain-skill-simulation-is-required
#14
Julien Lepage, Pierre Francois Ceccaldi, Sid Ahmed Remini, Patrick Plaisance, Audrey Voulgaropoulos, Dominique Luton
BACKGROUND: Although most societies of obstetrics advocate vaginal delivery of twins, there has been a steady rise in the rate of twin cesarean sections. We risk perhaps losing in a single generation our obstetrical learning and skills because of medicolegal and emotionally charged issues. METHODS: We have therefore designed a realistic as possible simulation model of second twin delivery and tested it on residents in obstetrics. FINDINGS: Between two trials, we noted a significant improvement in the time required for internal podalic version and breech extraction...
January 24, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772529/changing-the-way-we-train-surgeons-in-the-21th-century-a-narrative-comparative-review-focused-on-box-trainers-and-virtual-reality-simulators
#15
REVIEW
I G Papanikolaou, D Haidopoulos, M Paschopoulos, I Chatzipapas, D Loutradis, N F Vlahos
The traditional method of acquiring surgical skills by observing and assisting in surgical procedures involving human beings has been challenged during the past several years. Lessons obtained from aviation suggested that the use of simulators is related to reduced costs, increased efficiency in performing certain tasks and above all safety. A shift in paradigm is also required in modern surgical training. The development of endoscopic surgery allowed for the incorporation of medical simulators into training programmes...
January 22, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710764/the-prognostic-accuracy-of-short-term-variation-of-fetal-heart-rate-in-early-onset-fetal-growth-restriction-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
A Pels, N A Mensing van Charante, C A Vollgraff Heidweiller-Schreurs, J Limpens, H Wolf, M A de Boer, W Ganzevoort
OBJECTIVE: Cardiotocography (CTG) is an important tool for fetal surveillance in severe early-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR). Assessment of the CTG is usually performed visually (vCTG). However, it is suggested that computerized analysis of the CTG (cCTG) including short term variability (STV) could more accurately detect fetal compromise. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on the association between cCTG and perinatal outcome and the comparison of cCTG with vCTG...
January 22, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690190/lessons-from-human-umbilical-cord-gender-differences-in-stem-cells-from-wharton-s-jelly
#17
Francesca Balzano, Emanuela Bellu, Valentina Basoli, Silvia Dei Giudici, Sara Santaniello, Sara Cruciani, Federica Facchin, Annalisa Oggiano, Giampiero Capobianco, Francesco Dessole, Carlo Ventura, Salvatore Dessole, Margherita Maioli
OBJECTIVE: To study the molecular features of mesenchymal stem cells from Wharton Jelly (WJ-MSCs) of umbilical cord to predict their differentiation capacity. DESIGN: Comparison of gene expression from mesenchymal stem cells of male and female umbilical cord SETTING: University hospital PATIENT (S): umbilical cords (n = 12, 6 males and 6 females) retrieved from spontaneous full-term vaginal delivery of healthy women INTERVENTION: we analyzed the expression of the stemness related genes C-MYC, OCT4, SOX2 and NANOG and of the epigenetic modulating gene DNA-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1)...
January 22, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712986/optical-coherence-tomography-angiographic-findings-in-preeclampsia-a-novel-longitudinal-report
#18
LETTER
Joel Hanhart, Yishay Weill, Tehila Avitan, Gabriel Levin, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, David Zadok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685660/sexual-function-specific-questionnaires-as-a-useful-tool-in-management-of-urogynecological-patients-review
#19
REVIEW
Aleksandra Kamińska, Konrad Futyma, Katarzyna Romanek-Piva, Dominika Streit-Ciećkiewicz, Tomasz Rechberger
Urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are one of the most prevalent gynaecological conditions and constitute a huge global problem affecting approximately 20% of women, increasing with age. Pelvic floor disorders can have negative influence on women's quality of life, decreasing social, psychological, occupational, physical and sexual well-being. Pelvic organ prolapse results in anatomical changes to the urogenital tract and it is perceived to be one of the main factor influencing sexual function...
January 18, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684877/questions-surrounding-the-optimal-time-for-surgical-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#20
Ekaterina D Dubinskaya, Alexandr S Gasparov, Irina A Babichevа, Svetlana N Kolesnikova
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of study is to evaluate the recurrence rate of pelvic organ prolapse after surgical treatment and pre- to postoperative changes in sexual function of patients with different stages of pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: The presented study was a single-centre observational nonrandomized analysis of an ongoing prospective cohort study evaluating anatomical and clinical outcomes in reproductive aged women scheduled for nature tissue repair of POP staged I-III...
January 18, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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