journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36409221/peripheral-visual-field-loss-and-activities-of-daily-living
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Avital Lily Okrent Smolar, Meghal Gagrani, Deepta Ghate
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peripheral visual field (VF) loss affects 13% of the population over 65. Its effect on activities of daily living and higher order visual processing is as important as it is inadequately understood. The purpose of this review is to summarize available literature on the impact of peripheral vision loss on driving, reading, face recognition, scene recognition and scene navigation. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, glaucoma and retrochiasmal cortical damage are utilized as examples of peripheral field loss which typically spare central vision and have patterns respecting the horizontal and vertical meridians, respectively...
November 22, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36380583/updates-in-neuro-otology
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olwen C Murphy, Nicholas E F Hac, Daniel R Gold
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent updates with clinical implications in the field of neuro-otology are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Important updates relating to several neuro-otologic disorders have been reported in recent years. For benign positional paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV), we provide updates on the characteristics and features of the short arm variant of posterior canal BPPV. For the acute vestibular syndrome, we report important updates on the use of video-oculography in clinical diagnosis...
November 16, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367213/neurology-education-in-the-era-of-artificial-intelligence
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sachin Kedar, Deepak Khazanchi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The practice of neurology is undergoing a paradigm shift because of advances in the field of data science, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. To ensure a smooth transition, physicians must have the knowledge and competence to apply these technologies in clinical practice. In this review, we describe physician perception and preparedness, as well as current state for clinical applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in neurology. RECENT FINDINGS: Digital health including artificial intelligence-based/machine learning-based technology has made significant inroads into various aspects of healthcare including neurological care...
November 14, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36226708/spasticity-following-brain-and-spinal-cord-injury-assessment-and-treatment
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefano Tamburin, Mirko Filippetti, Elisa Mantovani, Nicola Smania, Alessandro Picelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spasticity is a common sequela of brain and spinal cord injury and contributes to disability, reduces quality of life, and increases economic burden. Spasticity is still incompletely recognized and undertreated. We will provide an overview of recent published data on the definition, assessment, and prediction, therapeutic advances, with a focus on promising new approaches, and telemedicine applications for spasticity. RECENT FINDINGS: Two new definitions of spasticity have been recently proposed, but operational criteria should be developed, and test-retest and inter-rater reliability should be explored...
October 14, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36226719/assessment-and-treatment-of-neurogenic-dysphagia-in-stroke-and-parkinson-s-disease
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giuseppe Cosentino, Massimiliano Todisco, Carla Giudice, Cristina Tassorelli, Enrico Alfonsi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neurogenic dysphagia worsens quality of life and prognosis of patients with different neurological disorders. Management of neurogenic dysphagia can be challenging. This review provides a comprehensive overview of current evidence on screening, diagnosis, and treatment of neurogenic dysphagia in stroke and Parkinson's disease, suggesting clues for clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: The pros and cons of diagnostic techniques are discussed in the light of updated evidence...
October 12, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36226704/molecular-genetics-of-paediatric-brain-tumours-and-opportunities-for-precision-medicine-a-focus-on-infant-tumours
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tom Rosenberg, Pratiti Bandopadhayay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last few decades have seen an explosion in our understanding of the molecular drivers of childhood brain tumours. These insights have opened the possibility for precision medicine approaches for some tumour types. However, a different spectrum of tumours is more likely to occur in infants and young children, who face additional therapeutic challenges. This review focuses on recent advances in molecular genetics of common infant brain tumours and their implication for diagnosis, prognostication and utilization of precision oncology approaches...
October 5, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36226717/the-2021-who-classification-of-central-nervous-system-tumors-what-neurologists-need-to-know
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pouya Jamshidi, Daniel J Brat
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The recently published WHO Classification of Tumours, Central Nervous System Tumours, Fifth Edition (WHO CNS-5) introduces substantial clinically relevant changes based on improved understanding of the molecular underpinnings of brain tumor types as biological entities. This review highlights pertinent changes for practicing neurologists. RECENT FINDINGS: Diffuse gliomas are now divided into adult and pediatric types. Adult types are greatly simplified, being classified into three groups based on IDH and 1p/19q status, with molecular grading criteria now included...
October 4, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36226705/neurological-adverse-events-of-immune-checkpoint-blockade-from-pathophysiology-to-treatment
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefania Cuzzubbo, Antoine F Carpentier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the recent advances in neurological toxicities of immune checkpoint inhibitors, with a focus on underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms and the implications on their therapeutical management. RECENT FINDINGS: A growing number of cancer patients benefit from immune checkpoint agents and oncologists are increasingly confronted with these novel autoimmune syndromes. During the last years, further progresses have occurred in this field, notably in the identification of specific clinical patterns, such as the association of myasthenic syndrome with myositis and myocarditis, and polyradiculoneuropathies accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytic pleocytosis...
October 4, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367046/immunotherapy-approaches-for-adult-glioma-knowledge-gained-from-recent-clinical-trials
#9
REVIEW
Brian M Andersen, David A Reardon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Summarize principles behind various immunotherapy approaches for high and low-grade glioma in the context of recently completed clinical trials and the new insights they provide. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the widespread success of therapies targeting the T-cell checkpoints programmed-death 1 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 in other malignancies, recent phase III trials in glioblastoma confirm the lack of efficacy of anti-programmed-death 1 monotherapy in more than 90% of patients...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367045/targeting-idh1-idh2-mutations-in-gliomas
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Macarena I de la Fuente
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Somatic point mutations in the metabolic enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) are a defining feature of the majority of WHO grade 2-3 diffuse glioma and the most powerful positive prognostic factor for survival in gliomas. The purpose is to review experimental therapeutic approaches targeting IDH mutations in gliomas including small-molecule inhibitors, immunotherapies, and agents targeting mutant IDH-induced epigenetic and metabolic vulnerabilities. RECENT FINDINGS: Extensive preclinical work supports targeting mutant IDH (mIDH) in glioma...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367044/primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-advances-in-its-pathogenesis-molecular-markers-and-targeted-therapies
#11
REVIEW
Isaias Hernández-Verdin, Andrea Morales-Martínez, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Agustí Alentorn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) located in the CNS with a less favorable prognosis. Recent information addressing the disease molecular heterogeneity is paving the way for tailored treatment strategies. This article reviews current work on the pathogenesis of the disease, potential biomarkers, and treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Previous molecular classifications of PCNSL, built on DLBCL heterogeneity, did not properly address its intrinsic variability...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367043/editorial-advances-in-brain-tumors-management-new-perspectives-and-challenges
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mehdi Touat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367042/urogenital-dysfunction-following-neurotrauma
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Udit Saraf, Anand Kumar A, Jalesh N Panicker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Trauma affecting the nervous system can have widespread consequences, depending on the location and severity of injury. The sensorimotor and cognitive deficits due to neurotrauma have been studied extensively. Although the overall mortality due to neurotrauma has reduced, the disability and morbidity due to neurotrauma has not significantly reduced and focus on urogenital disturbances in these patients has been limited. This article reviews the limited evidence and scientific literature on this topic...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367041/traumatic-peripheral-nerve-injuries-diagnosis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Stephanie L Barnes, Thomas A Miller, Neil G Simon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review advances in the diagnostic evaluation and management of traumatic peripheral nerve injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: Serial multimodal assessment of peripheral nerve injuries facilitates assessment of spontaneous axonal regeneration and selection of appropriate patients for early surgical intervention. Novel surgical and rehabilitative approaches have been developed to complement established strategies, particularly in the area of nerve grafting, targeted rehabilitation strategies and interventions to promote nerve regeneration...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36367040/editorial-advances-and-innovation-in-neurotrauma-and-neurorehabilitation
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefano Tamburin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36302200/traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Kitty Y Wu, Robert J Spinner, Alexander Y Shin
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Traumatic brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are devastating life-altering events, with pervasive detrimental effects on a patient's physical, psychosocial, mental, and financial well-being. This review provides an understanding of the clinical evaluation, surgical indications, and available reconstructive options to allow for the best possible functional outcomes for patients with BPI. RECENT FINDINGS: The successful management of patients with BPI requires a multidisciplinary team approach including peripheral nerve surgeons, neurology, hand therapy, physical therapy, pain management, social work, and mental health...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36226710/new-insights-into-the-immune-tme-of-adult-type-diffuse-gliomas
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Quentin Richard, Alice Laurenge, Michel Mallat, Marc Sanson, Luis Jaime Castro-Vega
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adult-type diffuse gliomas are highly heterogeneous tumors. Bulk transcriptome analyses suggested that the composition of the tumor microenvironment (TME) corresponds to genetic and clinical features. In this review, we highlight novel findings on the intratumoral heterogeneity of IDH-wildtype and IDH-mutant gliomas characterized at single-cell resolution, and emphasize the mechanisms shaping the immune TME and therapeutic implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Emergent evidence indicates that in addition to genetic drivers, epigenetic mechanisms and microenvironmental factors influence the glioma subtypes...
December 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36069419/neuropathology-and-neuroanatomy-of-tdp-43-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Kelly Del Tredici, Heiko Braak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intracellular inclusions consisting of the abnormal TDP-43 protein and its nucleocytoplasmic mislocalization in selected cell types are hallmark pathological features of sALS. Descriptive (histological, morphological), anatomical, and molecular studies all have improved our understanding of the neuropathology of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS). This review highlights some of the latest developments in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing evidence exists from experimental models for the prion-like nature of abnormal TDP-43, including a strain-effect, and with the help of neuroimaging-based studies, for spreading of disease along corticofugal connectivities in sALS...
October 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36069418/editorial-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
EDITORIAL
Albert C Ludolph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36069417/inclusion-body-myositis-evolving-concepts
#20
REVIEW
Mari Perez-Rosendahl, Tahseen Mozaffar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss recent developments in our understanding of epidemiology, diagnostics, biomarkers, pathology, pathogenesis, outcome measures, and therapeutics in inclusion body myositis (IBM). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent epidemiology data confirms a relatively higher prevalence in the population aged above 50 years and the reduced life expectancy. Association with cancer and other systemic disorders is better defined. The role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound in diagnosis as well as in following disease progression has been elucidated...
October 1, 2022: Current Opinion in Neurology
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