William O Roberts, Neal S Kucera, Michael H Miner
OBJECTIVE: To compare self-reported osteoarthritis of the knee and hip in adults who ran at least 1 marathon as a child with adults who ran high-school cross country (HSCC). DESIGN: Subject self-recall retrospective survey. SETTING: Electronic survey. PARTICIPANTS: 319 adults who either ran a marathon under age 18 or ran HSCC recruited from running clubs, marathon participants, and on-line interest groups. INTERVENTIONS: Survey...
September 15, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Caroline A Luszawski, Vickie Plourde, Stacy R Sick, Jean-Michel Galarneau, Paul H Eliason, Brian L Brooks, Martin Mrazik, Chantel T Debert, Constance Lebrun, Shelina Babul, Brent E Hagel, Sean P Dukelow, Kathryn J Schneider, Carolyn A Emery, Keith Owen Yeates
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between psychosocial factors and physician clearance to return to play (RTP) in youth ice hockey players after sport-related concussion. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, Safe to Play (2013-2018). SETTING: Youth hockey leagues in Alberta and British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred fifty-three ice hockey players (aged 11-18 years) who sustained a total of 397 physician-diagnosed concussions...
September 14, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Dilara Kara, Levent Ozcakar, Serdar Demirci, Gazi Huri, Irem Duzgun
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of low-load blood flow restriction (BFR) training on shoulder muscle thickness, rotator cuff (RC) strength, and shoulder symptoms in patients with RC tendinopathy. DESIGN: A randomized, assessor-blinded, controlled trial. SETTINGS: Physiotherapy clinic at a university. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight patients were randomized into an 8-week (2 times/week) shoulder rehabilitation, that is, BFR or non-BFR group...
September 14, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Benny Kai Guo Loo, Andrew Fyffe, Lawrence Tak Ming Lam, Gary Browne
OBJECTIVE: Management of sport-related and recreation-related concussions (SRCs) in children and adolescents is challenging as brain maturation affects prognosis. However, impact seizure was removed as a prognosis modifying factor in children and adolescents with SRCs in the 2017 consensus statement on concussion in sport, based mostly on adult literature. Therefore, this study evaluates the association of impact seizure on the recovery in children and adolescents with SRCs. DESIGN: Retrospective matched case-control study...
September 14, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Margo Mountjoy, Patrick Schamasch, Andrew Murray, Roger Hawkes, Tomas Hospel, Bruce Thomas, Ethan Samson, Astrid Junge
OBJECTIVE: To assess health problems and training environment of female golfers participating in the 2022 World Amateur Team Championships (WATC) and to compare golfers (a) with and without health problems prior the WATC and (b) living and training in countries ranking in the upper versus lower 50% of the team results at the 2022 WATC. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study using an anonymous questionnaire. SETTING: International Golf Federation WATC...
September 13, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Jacob Jo, Tyler M Hill, Kristen L Williams, Olivia L Prosak, Amad Amedy, Trevor J Anesi, Douglas P Terry, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVE: In a cohort of high-school football athletes with sport-related concussion (SRC), we sought to investigate the role of seasonality, defined as time of injury during a season, on recovery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Regional sport concussion center. PARTICIPANTS: High-school football athletes ages 14 to 19 -years old who sustained an SRC from 11, 2017 to 04, 2022. INTERVENTION: Athletes were divided into 3 groups based on seasonality: early, middle, and late season...
September 7, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Jason L Zaremski, Robert L Bowers, Peter K Kriz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Megan Roche, Aurelia Nattiv, Kristin Sainani, Michelle Barrack, Emily Kraus, Adam Tenforde, Andrea Kussman, Emily Miller Olson, Brian Kim, Katherine Fahy, Emily Miller, Elyse Diamond, Sonya Meraz, Sonal Singh, Aurelia Nattiv, Michael Fredericson
OBJECTIVE: Bone stress injuries (BSIs) in trabecular-rich bone are associated with greater biological risk factors compared with cortical-rich bone. We hypothesized that female runners with high Female Athlete Triad (Triad)-related risk would be at greater risk for trabecular-rich BSIs than runners with low Triad-related risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Two NCAA institutions. PARTICIPANTS: Female runners were followed prospectively for up to 5 years...
September 1, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Tyler Thompson, Sebastian Kaplan, Rachel Conway, Christopher Miles
OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate the prevalence of behavioral health symptoms in collegiate athletes and the frequency of referrals prompted by a preparticipation behavioral health screener. DESIGN: Athletes completed a screening battery to detect behavioral health symptoms and sports psychology clinicians designed criteria for intervention based on the severity of symptoms reported. Data from the screener was retrospectively de-identified and analyzed. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division-I university...
August 17, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Samantha D Roberts, Claire Champigny, Samantha J Feldman, David B Flora, Magdalena Wojtowicz
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-5 (SCAT-5) symptom reporting and gold-standard measures of anxiety and depression, and explored the utility SCAT-5 symptom subscales to identify anxiety and depression symptomology. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: York University in Toronto, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Preseason data were collected for varsity athletes (N = 296) aged between 17 and 25 years (M = 20...
August 16, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Daniel M Cushman, Andrea Carefoot, Blake Corcoran, Leyen Vu, Michael Fredericson, Cameron Fausett, Masaru Teramoto, Sarah F Eby
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of ultrasound abnormalities in the Achilles tendon, patellar tendon, and plantar fascia among a large cohort of collegiate student-athletes. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three Division I institutions. PARTICIPANTS: 243 student-athletes participated in this study. Exclusion criteria included those younger than 18 years or who underwent prior surgery/amputation of structures, including anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgeries with patellar tendon grafts...
August 4, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Alexandre Lavigne, Martin Lamontagne, Christopher Mares, Dany H Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: Assess the perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of a newly developed mobile app. DESIGN: Descriptive survey study. SETTING: Home-based rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: A group of 31 adults with a symptomatic Achilles tendinopathy. INTERVENTION: A mobile app was developed to support the deployment of the 12-week active exercise-based rehabilitation program and facilitate the monitoring of exercise adherence twice daily and the assessment of localized Achilles tendon pain using a numeric pain rating scale on a weekly basis...
August 1, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Paige Dyrek, Anne Kuwabara, Michael Fredericson
The accurate diagnosis of exertional leg pain in athletes is often delayed because of vague presenting symptoms and nonspecific physical examination findings. This case report outlines exertional leg pain in a runner caused by combined popliteal artery entrapment and soleal sling syndromes, 2 uncommon causes of exertional leg pain. This case report highlights the overlapping clinical presentation of these 2 diagnoses and the intricate differences in diagnostic workup and surgical approach to management.
August 1, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Young Hwan Park, Woon Kim, Jung Woo Choi, Hak Jun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although the incidence of contralateral Achilles tendon in patients with Achilles tendon rupture is higher than in the general population, there are no studies evaluating the status of the contralateral Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of the contralateral Achilles tendon in patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: University hospital foot and ankle clinic...
July 18, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Jacob I McPherson, Gurleen Kaur, Scott R Darling, Anthony Surace, Barry S Willer, John J Leddy, Mohammad N Haider
OBJECTIVE: Previous research, including high-quality systematic reviews, has found that cervical injury, which often accompanies concussive head injury, can delay recovery from concussion. One pilot randomized controlled trial found that focused cervical assessment and appropriate intervention in children and young adults with persisting postconcussive symptoms (PPCS) improved recovery outcomes. Our sports medicine clinics adopted this approach early (within 2 weeks) in children (aged 10-18 years) after concussion...
July 17, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Ana M Capel-Alcaraz, Adelaida M Castro-Sánchez, Guillermo A Matarán-Peñarrocha, Eduardo Antequera-Soler, Inmaculada C Lara-Palomo
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this systematic review is to assess whether motor control exercises consisting of the methodology described by Richardson and Hodges improve the pain and disability of patients with nonspecific low back pain. DESIGN: Systematic review and a meta-analysis. SETTING: A literature review was conducted using PubMed, PEDro, Scielo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Dialnet, Scopus, and MEDLINE from inception to November 2021...
July 11, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Kasey Stickler, Blass Morrone, Andrew Brown, Adam M Franks, Paris Johnson, Rajan Lacmichanne, David Rupp
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors indicating testing frequency and positive test results in a Division I sports department intrapandemic. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: A single Division I collegiate sports department. PATIENTS: All student-athlete (n = 437), student staff (n = 89), and adult staff (n = 202) members of the sports department. Total cohort (n = 728). INTERVENTIONS: The authors analyzed the independent variables of local positive rates, sport characteristics, and campus events for impact on the volume of the departmental testing and positive rates...
July 11, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Paul Eliason, Jean-Michel Galarneau, Isla Shill, Ash Kolstad, Shelina Babul, Martin Mrazik, Constance Lebrun, Sean Dukelow, Kathryn Schneider, Brent Hagel, Carolyn Emery
OBJECTIVES: To examine factors associated with rates of game and practice-related concussion in youth ice hockey. DESIGN: Five-year prospective cohort (Safe2Play). SETTING: Community arenas (2013-2018). PARTICIPANTS: Four thousand eighteen male and 405 female ice hockey players (6584 player-seasons) participating in Under-13 (ages 11-12), Under-15 (ages 13-14), and Under-18 (ages 15-17) age groups. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Bodychecking policy, age group, year of play, level of play, previous injury in the previous year, lifetime concussion history, sex, player weight, and playing position...
July 11, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Alexandra F DeJong Lempke, Kristin E Whitney, Andrea Stracciolini, Kathryn E Ackerman, Pierre A d'Hemecourt, Sarah B Willwerth, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinic visits and running-related injury (RRI) characteristics among child and adolescent runners seeking care at an outpatient clinic over a 10-year time frame. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatient hospital-affiliated Injured Runners Clinic. PATIENTS: Children and adolescent runners (6-17 years) with RRIs. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: We examined electronic medical records (EMRs) among child and adolescent patients in the hospital database from 2011 to 2021 to obtain RRI characteristics and key demographic factors...
July 6, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Roger C Chang, Michael Singleton, Sara P D Chrisman, Christopher C Giza, Ami Z Cuneo, Natalia Murinova, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Tara L Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether alcohol use leads to prolonged clinical recovery or increased severity of concussion symptoms in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Clinical institutions. PARTICIPANTS: Athletes from the NCAA Concussion Assessment Research and Education consortium who sustained a concussion from 2014 to 2021. INTERVENTIONS: Athletes were divided into 2 groups, those reporting alcohol use postinjury and those reporting no alcohol use postinjury...
July 6, 2023: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
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