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Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31102131/the-need-for-practice-management-training-in-canadian-anesthesiology-residency-training-programs
#1
Vishal Varshney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31102130/exclusion-criteria-and-adverse-events-in-perioperative-trials-of-tranexamic-acid-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Simonne Khair, Iris Perelman, Jeffrey Yates, Joshua Taylor, Jacinthe Lampron, Alan Tinmouth, Elianna Saidenberg
PURPOSE: Tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirement following cardiac surgery. Nevertheless, TXA remains underutilized because of concerns regarding development of adverse events. We conducted a systematic review to determine which patients are commonly excluded from TXA cardiac surgery clinical trials to determine if there are patient groups lacking safety data on TXA. METHODS: The databases Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched until September 2017...
May 17, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31098962/oral-medical-assistance-in-dying-maid-informing-practice-to-enhance-utilization-in-canada
#3
Christopher Harty, Alan J Chaput, Konia Trouton, Donna Buna, Viren N Naik
The legislation Bill C-14 legalized medical assistance in dying (MAiD) in Canada. After thorough assessments of eligibility by two clinicians, Bill C-14 allows for both intravenous-assisted death by a clinician (euthanasia) and prescription of oral medication for self-administration (assisted suicide). Nevertheless, since inception in June 2016, intravenous euthanasia is the main form of delivery of assisted death in Canada. The reasons why oral MAiD is underutilized in Canada are multifactorial. Currently, there is no consensus on either the medications or the protocols for oral administration, nor a comprehensive understanding of the potential side effects and complications associated with different regimens...
May 16, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31098961/intravenous-lidocaine-in-the-management-of-chronic-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Dwight E Moulin, Patricia K Morley-Forster, Zameer Pirani, Cathy Rohfritsch, Larry Stitt
PURPOSE: Neuropathic pain, resulting from injury to the peripheral or central nervous system, is due to upregulation of aberrant sodium channels with neuronal hyperexcitability. Lidocaine blocks these channels and several studies show that intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion provides significant relief in patients with chronic peripheral neuropathic pain in the short term (for up to six hours). Our objective was to determine if IV lidocaine provides significant pain relief and overall improvement in quality of life in the longer term (for up to four weeks)...
May 16, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31098960/a-systematic-review-of-technology-based-preoperative-preparation-interventions-for-child-and-parent-anxiety
#5
REVIEW
Jinsoo Kim, Natasha Chiesa, Mateen Raazi, Kristi D Wright
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effect of technology-based preoperative preparation interventions on children's and parents' anxiety. SOURCES: PsycINFO, Cochrane, Science Direct, Taylor and Francis, and Pubmed MEDLINE databases were searched. Studies were restricted to those reporting on technology-based preoperative preparation interventions for pediatric patients (0-18 yr old) receiving elective surgery under general anesthesia...
May 16, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31098959/comparison-of-three-techniques-of-face-mask-ventilation-in-children-less-than-two-years-of-age-a-randomized-crossover-study
#6
Divya Jain, Nitika Goel, Swati Mehta, Komal Gandhi, Badal Parikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31087270/patient-centred-perioperative-mobile-application-in-cesarean-delivery-needs-assessment-and-development
#7
Janny Xue Chen Ke, Ronald B George, Lori Wozney, Jill L Chorney
PURPOSE: Cesarean delivery (CD) is the most commonly performed inpatient surgery in Canada, with 103,425 performed in 2016-2017. Mobile technology can contribute to patient-centred perioperative care. Our aim was to involve patients and anesthesiologists in designing a mobile application to enhance the perioperative care of CD patients. METHOD: We completed an exploratory qualitative study involving three iterative design cycles. Individual structured phone or in-person interviews with CD patients (n = 15) and anesthesiologists (n = 9) were conducted...
May 13, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31076959/pseudo-heparin-resistance-caused-by-elevated-factor-viii-in-a-critically-ill-patient
#8
EDITORIAL
Ian Downie, Zachary Liederman, Kartiga Thiyagarajah, Rita Selby, Yulia Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31076958/heart-recovery-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-time-for-public-engagement
#9
EDITORIAL
Ian M Ball, Kimia Honarmand, Jeanna Parsons-Leigh, Robert Sibbald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31076957/pharmacology-and-physiology-for-anesthesia-second-edition-hugh-c-hemmings-jr-talmage-d-egan-editors-elsevier-philadelphia-2019-hardcover-207-99-994-pages-isbn-9780323481106
#10
Margot H Klemmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31069721/the-future-is-now-it-s-time-to-rethink-the-application-of-the-global-warming-potential-to-anesthesia
#11
EDITORIAL
Timur J-P Özelsel, Rakesh V Sondekoppam, Karen Buro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31065928/serratus-anterior-plane-block-home-catheter-for-posterior-rib-fractures-and-flail-chest
#12
LETTER
Peter Rose, Reva Ramlogan, Susan Madden, Anne Lui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31062180/evaluation-of-the-dams-tulip-i%C3%A2-a-new-airway-device-for-flexible-bronchoscopic-intubation
#13
LETTER
Takanobu Uesugi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044414/hospital-cost-associated-with-anemia-in-elective-colorectal-surgery-a-historical-cohort-study
#14
Simon Feng, Joshua Greenberg, Husein Moloo, Kednapa Thavorn, Daniel I McIsaac
PURPOSE: Anemia is highly prevalent in the colorectal surgery population, affecting 30-70% of patients. Anemia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality; however, there is a lack of evidence on how much anemia impacts healthcare costs. This study aims to determine the hospital cost of index surgical admission, postoperative length of stay, and transfusion rate associated with preoperative anemia in elective major colorectal surgery. METHODS: This historical cohort study included 851 adult inpatients having elective colorectal surgery at a tertiary care academic health sciences network between April 2010 and February 2016...
May 1, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31041608/canadian-pediatric-anesthesia-society-statement-on-clear-fluid-fasting-for-elective-pediatric-anesthesia
#15
LETTER
David Rosen, Jonathan Gamble, Clyde Matava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31037587/representation-of-women-on-the-editorial-board-of-the-canadian-journal-of-anesthesia-a-retrospective-analysis-from-1954-to-2018
#16
EDITORIAL
Gianni R Lorello, Arun Parmar, Alana M Flexman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31037586/the-protropic-feasibility-study-prognostic-value-of-elevated-troponins-in-critical-illness
#17
Emilie P Belley-Cote, Richard P Whitlock, Diana V Ulic, Kimia Honarmand, Abubaker Khalifa, Graham R McClure, Andrew Gibson, Fayez Alshamsi, Frederick D'Aragon, Bram Rochwerg, Erick Duan, Nevena Savija, Tim Karachi, François Lamontagne, Peter Kavsak, Deborah J Cook
PURPOSE: Elevated cardiac troponin concentrations in people with critical illness are associated with an increased risk of death. We aimed to assess the feasibility of a larger study to ascertain the utility of cardiac troponin as a prognostic tool for mortality in critically ill patients. METHODS: Patients admitted to participating intensive care units during the one-month enrolment period were eligible. We excluded cardiac surgical patients and patients who were admitted and either died or were discharged within 12 hr...
April 29, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31025258/on-demand-versus-continuous-rocuronium-infusion-for-deep-neuromuscular-relaxation-in-patients-undergoing-thoraco-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-depth
#18
Denise P Veelo, Suzanne S Gisbertz, Jan M Binnekade, Rebekka A Hannivoort, Johanneke A Bosman, Bart F Geerts, Manfred Blobner, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Markus W Hollmann
PURPOSE: Deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB) can improve surgical conditions and possibly pain after low-risk laparoscopic surgery. We hypothesized that targeting a deep level of NMB by a continuous compared with an on-demand infusion of rocuronium could improve surgical conditions in patients undergoing thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy. METHODS: In this single-centre, randomized-controlled, double-blind trial, patients received either a continuous infusion of rocuronium 0...
April 25, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31020631/perioperative-pain-management-and-chronic-postsurgical-pain-after-elective-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Cierra Stiegelmar, Yibo Li, Lauren A Beaupre, M Elizabeth Pedersen, Derek Dillane, Martha Funabashi
PURPOSE: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) can occur after elective mid/hindfoot and ankle surgery. Effective treatment approaches to prevent the development of CPSP in this population have not been extensively investigated. The impact of multimodal strategies to prevent CPSP following elective mid/hindfoot surgery is unknown because of both the heterogeneity of acute pain management and the lack of a recognized definition particular to this surgery. This review aimed to identify and evaluate current pain management strategies after elective mid/hindfoot and ankle surgery...
April 24, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31020630/transcultural-adaptation-and-french-validation-of-the-pain-sensitivity-questionnaire
#20
Christian Dualé, Ulrich Bauer, Brigitte Storme, Vedat Eljezi, Ruth Ruscheweyh, Sylvie Eschalier, Claude Dubray, Candy Guiguet-Auclair
PURPOSE: To validate a French translation of the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ), which is a valuable tool to predict an individual's natural disposition to feel pain that could be used after surgery. METHODS: We studied content validity, internal consistency, convergent validity (anxiety, depression and catastrophism) and test-retest reliability of the French version of the PSQ (PSQ-F) in 146 patients either before scheduled surgery or during pregnancy; then, convergent and concurrent validity in 85 healthy volunteers submitted to nociceptive tests...
April 24, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
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