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Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767184/ok-to-proceed-what-every-health-care-provider-should-know-about-patient-safety-keith-p-lewis-robert-j-canelli-rafael-ortega-editors-boston-medical-centre-ma-usa-2018-351-pages-isbn-978-0-692-18660-2
#1
Kim E Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767183/predictors-of-transfusion-outcomes-in-pediatric-complex-cranial-vault-reconstruction-a-multicentre-observational-study-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#2
Patrick G Fernandez, Brad M Taicher, Susan M Goobie, Meera Gangadharan, H Mayumi Homi, Jane A Kugler, Rochelle Skitt, Lingyu Cai, Marcia Polansky, Paul A Stricker
PURPOSE: Pediatric patients undergoing complex cranial vault reconstruction (CCVR) are at risk of significant perioperative blood loss requiring blood product transfusion. Minimizing allogeneic blood product transfusion is an important goal because of the associated risks and cost. The impact of patient and surgical variables on transfusion is unknown in this population. Our primary aim was to examine relationships between demographic and perioperative variables and blood product transfusion outcomes in CCVR...
February 14, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767182/routine-preoperative-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-of-elective-surgical-patients-a-single-centre-three-month-experience
#3
LETTER
Donald J Young, Alexander Dotto, Andrew G Pritchard, Jusung Hwang, Heather Cadenhead, Lauren DeGroot, Michael van der Westhuizen, Simon L Adamson, Lisa Jin, Dannielle Tinker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756342/practical-perioperative-transoesophageal-echocardiography-3rd-edition-david-sidebotham-alan-f-merry-malcolm-e-legget-i-gavin-wright-editors-oxford-university-press-2018-paperback-297-pages-isbn-9780198759089
#4
Mullein D Thorleifson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756341/from-intensive-care-unit-to-operating-room-what-about-the-transition-of-care-of-liver-transplanted-patients
#5
LETTER
Marta Ines Berrio Valencia, Oscar D Aljure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756340/mechanical-ventilation-physiology-and-practice-second-edition-john-w-kreit-author-john-a-kellum-series-editor-oxford-university-press-2018-71-50-cad-paperback-219-pages-isbn-9780190670085
#6
Ricardo Teijeiro-Paradis, Lorenzo Del Sorbo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756339/effect-of-iloprost-inhalation-on-postoperative-outcome-in-high-risk-cardiac-surgical-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial-ilocard
#7
Michael Winterhalter, Steffen Rex, Christian Stoppe, Peter Kienbaum, Hans-Helge Müller, Ines Kaufmann, Hermann Kuppe, Aristidis Dongas, Bernhard Zwissler
PURPOSE: Perioperative right ventricular (RV) failure due to pressure overload from pulmonary hypertension (PH) worsens postoperative outcomes after cardiac surgery. Inhaled iloprost is a potent pulmonary vasodilator improving RV performance, ameliorating myocardial and pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion injury and attenuating inflammation. We hypothesized that the prophylactic inhalation of iloprost would reduce postoperative ventilation times after cardiac surgery. METHODS: In this phase III, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 253 cardiac surgical patients at high risk of perioperative RV failure to the prophylactic inhalation of 20 µg iloprost or placebo before and during weaning from extracorporeal circulation...
February 12, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756338/neuroanesthesia-a-problem-based-learning-approach-david-e-traul-irene-p-osborn-editors-oxford-university-press-2019-published-in-the-united-states-of-america-249-pages-isbn-978-0-19-085003-6
#8
Michael Dinsmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756337/manual-volume-delivery-via-frova-intubating-introducer-a-bench-research-study
#9
Preeti Dewan, James Taylor, Vit Gunka, Arianne Albert, Simon Massey
PURPOSE: Oxygen delivery through a Frova Intubating Introducer may be life-saving, and gas flow characteristics through this device have been described. Nevertheless, the feasibility of using a self-inflating resuscitation bag to deliver air or oxygen through this device has not been assessed. We compared volumes of air delivered and peak pressures generated with normal and maximal bimanual compression of a self-inflating resuscitation bag connected to a 70 cm Frova Intubating Introducer...
February 12, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726550/a-survey-perioperative-diabetes-medications-and-glucose-control-time-to-re-examine-management
#10
LETTER
Russell Brown, Urooj Siddiqui, James Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725345/can-authorship-bias-be-detected-in-meta-analysis
#11
Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Rasheda Rabbani, Lisa M Lix, Alexis F Turgeon, Brett L Houston, Dean A Fergusson, Ryan Zarychanski
PURPOSE: Statistical approaches have been developed to detect bias in individual trials, but guidance on how to detect systematic differences at a meta-analytical level is lacking. In this paper, we elucidate whether author bias can be detected in a cohort of randomized trials included in a meta-analysis. METHODS: We utilized mortality data from 35 trials (10,880 patients) included in our previously published meta-analysis. First, we linked each author with their trial (or trials)...
February 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725344/anesthesiology-resident-selection-identifying-mandate-and-selection-criteria-in-saskatchewan
#12
LETTER
Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Derrick Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725343/renal-replacement-therapy-a-practical-update
#13
REVIEW
George Alvarez, Carla Chrusch, Terry Hulme, Juan G Posadas-Calleja
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as an abrupt decrease in kidney function, with the most severe form requiring some method of renal replacement therapy (RRT). The use of RRT is required in 5-10% of critically ill patients who develop severe AKI. Renal replacement therapy can be provided as either intermittent hemodialysis or one of the various modes of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), with CRRT potentially conferring an advantage with respect to renal recovery and dialysis independence. There is no difference in mortality when comparing low (< 25 mL·kg-1 ·hr-1 ) vs high (> 40 mL·kg-1 ·hr-1 ) RRT dosing...
February 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725342/epidural-electrical-stimulation-test-versus-local-anesthetic-test-dose-for-thoracic-epidural-catheter-placement-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Mrinalini Balki, Archana Malavade, Xiang Y Ye, Umamaheswary Tharmaratnam
PURPOSE: This study examined the concordance between epidural electrical stimulation test (EEST) and local anesthetic (LA) test dose to indicate correct thoracic epidural catheter position. The relationship between the test results and epidural postoperative analgesia was also assessed. METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study was done in patients receiving thoracic epidural analgesia for abdominal surgery. After insertion, the epidural catheter was tested using a nerve stimulator to elicit a motor response...
February 6, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710260/patient-management-algorithm-combining-processed-electroencephalographic-monitoring-with-cerebral-and-somatic-near-infrared-spectroscopy-a-case-series
#15
Etienne J Couture, Alain Deschamps, André Y Denault
PURPOSE: Cerebral oximetry is a monitoring tool used in the perioperative care of cardiac surgery patients to ensure adequate cerebral perfusion and oxygenation. When combined with somatic oximetry, the differential diagnosis of cerebral desaturation can be better identified and managed more specifically, as somatic oximetry serves as a global or localized perfusion monitor (depending on its regional position). The use of processed electroencephalography (pEEG) in cardiac surgery could further guide the management of desaturation episodes, as reductions in pEEG activity without a change in the anesthetic agent level indicate potential cerebral ischemia...
February 1, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710259/intraoperative-dexmedetomidine-to-prevent-postoperative-delirium-in-search-of-the-magic-bullet
#16
EDITORIAL
Anne L Donovan, Elizabeth L Whitlock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693438/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-anesthetists-and-surgeons-perceptions-of-preoperative-risk-stratification-and-prehabilitation
#17
Michael H-G Li, Vladimir Bolshinsky, Hilmy Ismail, Kate Burbury, Kwok M Ho, Babak Amin, Alexander Heriot, Bernhard Riedel
PURPOSE: Preoperative fitness training has been listed as a top ten research priority in anesthesia. We aimed to capture the current practice patterns and perspectives of anesthetists and colorectal surgeons in Australia and New Zealand regarding preoperative risk stratification and prehabilitation to provide a basis for implementation research. METHODS: During 2016, we separately surveyed fellows of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) and members of the Colorectal Society of Surgeons in Australia and New Zealand (CSSANZ)...
January 28, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690672/engaging-family-partners-in-deceased-organ-donation-research-a-reflection-on-one-team-s-experience
#18
Amanda van Beinum, Heather Talbot, Laura Hornby, Marie-Chantal Fortin, Sonny Dhanani
PURPOSE: Clinical researchers are now encouraged to include patient partners in all research projects. Nevertheless, published accounts of patient engagement in complex research projects, such as those involving critically ill and dying patients, are lacking. Whether this absence is due to the relatively new emergence of patient engagement research methods or fundamental challenges regarding family engagement in challenging research contexts is unclear. We describe our experiences with forming a researcher-family partnership in a deceased organ donation research project involving the prospective observation of potential and actual deceased organ donors dying in the intensive care unit...
January 28, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30689134/development-of-a-national-minimum-data-set-to-monitor-deceased-organ-donation-performance-in-canada
#19
Karen Hornby, Sam D Shemie, Amber Appleby, Nancy Dodd, Jaghir Gill, Joseph Kim, Andreas Kramer, D Jim Kutsogiannis, Nick Lahaie, Janet MacLean, Louise Rehel, Greg Webster, Juliana Wu, Damon C Scales
PURPOSE: Deceased donation data requires standardization to enable accurate interprovincial and international comparisons of deceased donation performance. In Canada, most provincial organ donation organizations (ODOs) have developed different processes and infrastructures for referring potential donors and subsequent data collection. This has led to differing definitions of the performance measures used for each step in the donation process, from potential donor identification to consent to transplantation...
January 28, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710258/intraoperative-use-of-dexmedetomidine-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-agitation-and-postoperative-delirium-in-thoracic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jie Ae Kim, Hyun Joo Ahn, Mikyung Yang, Sang Hyun Lee, Heejoon Jeong, Bong Gyu Seong
PURPOSE: We investigated whether preventive use of dexmedetomidine during surgery was effective for reducing emergence agitation and postoperative delirium. METHODS: In this double-blind randomized-controlled trial, 143 patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection surgery were randomly assigned to the dexmedetomidine-sevoflurane (DEX-Sevo, n = 73) or sevoflurane (Sevo, n = 70) groups. Dexmedetomidine or saline administration was started after inducing anesthesia and continued until the end of surgery at a fixed dose (0...
January 24, 2019: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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