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British Journal of Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31095725/development-and-validation-of-a-gene-expression-test-to-identify-hard-to-heal-chronic-venous-leg-ulcers
#1
D C Bosanquet, A J Sanders, F Ruge, J Lane, C A Morris, W G Jiang, K G Harding
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous leg ulcers pose a significant burden to healthcare systems, and predicting wound healing is challenging. The aim of this study was to develop a genetic test to evaluate the propensity of a chronic ulcer to heal. METHODS: Sequential refinement and testing of a gene expression signature was conducted using three distinct cohorts of human wound tissue. The expression of candidate genes was screened using a cohort of acute and chronic wound tissue and normal skin with quantitative transcript analysis...
May 16, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31095724/randomized-clinical-trial-of-endovenous-laser-ablation-versus-direct-and-indirect-radiofrequency-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-great-saphenous-varicose-veins
#2
S A S Hamann, L Timmer-de Mik, W M Fritschy, G R R Kuiters, T E C Nijsten, R R van den Bos
BACKGROUND: The current treatment strategy for many patients with varicose veins is endovenous thermal ablation. The most common forms of this are endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). However, at present there is no clear consensus on which of these treatments is superior. The objective of this study was to compare EVLA with two forms of RFA: direct RFA (dRFA; radiofrequency-induced thermotherapy) and indirect RFA (iRFA; VNUS ClosureFast™). METHODS: Patients with symptomatic great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence were randomized to receive EVLA, dRFA or iRFA...
May 16, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090925/effect-of-publishing-surgeon-specific-outcomes-on-surgical-training
#3
R L Harries, J Glasbey, V J Gokani, G Griffiths, W Allum
BACKGROUND: Over the past 10 years, the National Health Service in England has started to publish surgeon-specific outcomes publicly. The aim of this study was to investigate how this has affected training case exposure for surgeons in training. METHODS: Anonymized data were collected from the Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme database for operations in each specialty with published surgeon outcomes, involving surgical trainees on an approved training programme between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2016...
May 15, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31074509/morbidity-and-oncological-outcomes-of-rectal-cancer-impaired-by-previous-prostate-malignancy
#4
Z Lakkis, D Vernerey, D Mege, J-L Faucheron, Y Panis, J-J Tuech, J H Lefevre, A Brouquet, F Dumont, C Borg, A-S Woronoff, A Meurisse, B Heyd, E Rullier
BACKGROUND: Specific surgical and oncological outcomes in patients with rectal cancer surgery after a previous diagnosis of prostate cancer have not been well described. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes in patients with rectal cancer with or without a history of prostate cancer. METHODS: Patients who had surgery for rectal cancer with (PC group) or without (no-PC group) previous curative treatment for prostate cancer were enrolled between January 2001 and December 2015...
May 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31074508/systematic-review-of-outcomes-after-total-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#5
REVIEW
A Zaborowski, A Stakelum, D C Winter
BACKGROUND: Advances in surgical technique and the development of combined-modality therapy have led to significantly improved local control in rectal cancer. Distant failure rates however, remain high, ranging between 20 and 30 per cent. Additional systemic chemotherapy in the preoperative period has been proposed as a means of eradicating subclinical micrometastases and improving long-term survival. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the current evidence regarding induction chemotherapy in combination with standard neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, in terms of oncological outcomes, in patients with rectal cancer...
May 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31074507/propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-oncological-outcome-between-stent-as-bridge-to-surgery-and-emergency-resection-in-patients-with-malignant-left-sided-colonic-obstruction
#6
F J Amelung, W A A Borstlap, E C J Consten, J V Veld, E E van Halsema, W A Bemelman, P D Siersema, F Ter Borg, J E van Hooft, P J Tanis
BACKGROUND: Although self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement as bridge to surgery (BTS) in patients with left-sided obstructing colonic cancer has shown promising short-term results, it is used infrequently owing to uncertainty about its oncological safety. This population study compared long-term oncological outcomes between emergency resection and SEMS placement as BTS. METHODS: Through a national collaborative research project, long-term outcome data were collected for all patients who underwent resection for left-sided obstructing colonic cancer between 2009 and 2016 in 75 Dutch hospitals...
May 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31074503/value-of-surgical-pilot-and-feasibility-study-protocols
#7
REVIEW
K Fairhurst, J M Blazeby, S Potter, C Gamble, C Rowlands, K N L Avery
BACKGROUND: RCTs in surgery are challenging owing to well established methodological issues. Well designed pilot and feasibility studies (PFS) may help overcome such issues to inform successful main trial design and conduct. This study aimed to analyse protocols of UK-funded studies to explore current use of PFS in surgery and identify areas for practice improvement. METHODS: PFS of surgical interventions funded by UK National Institute for Health Research programmes from 2005 to 2015 were identified, and original study protocols and associated publications sourced...
May 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31021420/association-between-surgeon-special-interest-and-mortality-after-emergency-laparotomy
#8
H Boyd-Carson, B Doleman, P J J Herrod, I D Anderson, J P Williams, J N Lund, G M Tierney
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30 000 emergency laparotomies are performed each year in England and Wales. Patients with pathology of the gastrointestinal tract requiring emergency laparotomy are managed by general surgeons with an elective special interest focused on either the upper or lower gastrointestinal tract. This study investigated the impact of special interest on mortality after emergency laparotomy. METHODS: Adult patients having emergency laparotomy with either colorectal or gastroduodenal pathology were identified from the National Emergency Laparotomy Audit database and grouped according to operative procedure...
April 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31012500/predicting-recurrence-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer-using-the-eighth-edition-of-the-ajcc-uicc-staging-system
#9
N Chereau, T O Oyekunle, A Zambeli-Ljepović, H S Kazaure, S A Roman, F Menegaux, J A Sosa
BACKGROUND: The AJCC/UICC classification is widely used for predicting survival in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), but has not been evaluated as a predictor of recurrence. The hypothesis of this study was that the eighth edition of the AJCC system can be used in this novel way. METHODS: All patients in the study underwent surgery for PTC at a high-volume endocrine surgery centre in France between 1985 and 2015. The seventh and eighth editions of the AJCC/UICC staging system for PTC were employed to predict recurrence and disease-specific survival using the Kaplan-Meier and log rank tests...
April 23, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31012498/costs-and-quality-of-life-in-a-randomized-trial-comparing-minimally-invasive-and-open-distal-pancreatectomy-leopard-trial
#10
J van Hilst, E A Strating, T de Rooij, F Daams, S Festen, B Groot Koerkamp, J M Klaase, M Luyer, M G Dijkgraaf, M G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy decreases time to functional recovery compared with open distal pancreatectomy, but the cost-effectiveness and impact on disease-specific quality of life have yet to be established. METHODS: The LEOPARD trial randomized patients to minimally invasive (robot-assisted or laparoscopic) or open distal pancreatectomy in 14 Dutch centres between April 2015 and March 2017. Use of hospital healthcare resources, complications and disease-specific quality of life were recorded up to 1 year after surgery...
April 23, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31012495/incidence-and-lifetime-risk-of-hospitalization-and-surgery-for-diverticular-disease
#11
F Sköldberg, J Granlund, A Discacciati, F Hjern, P T Schmidt, O Olén
BACKGROUND: Studies on incidence rates of first-time colonic diverticular disease are few, and population-based estimates of lifetime risk are lacking. In this observational study, the incidence, admission rates and lifetime risks of hospitalization and surgery for diverticular disease were investigated. METHODS: Considering the entire Swedish population as an open cohort, incidence and admission rates, and lifetime risk estimates (considering death as a competing risk) of hospitalization and surgery for diverticular disease were calculated using data from cross-linked national registers and population statistics from 1987 to 2010...
April 23, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30994192/long-term-results-from-a-randomized-comparison-of-open-transinguinal-preperitoneal-hernia-repair-and-the-lichtenstein-method-tulip-trial
#12
W J V Bökkerink, G G Koning, D Malagic, L van Hout, C J H M van Laarhoven, P W H E Vriens
BACKGROUND: The short-term results of the TULIP trial comparing transinguinal preperitoneal (TIPP) inguinal hernia repair with the Lichtenstein method have been reported with follow-up of 1 year. After TIPP repair, fewer patients had chronic postoperative inguinal pain (CPIP); they had better health status and lower costs. The present study reports the long-term outcomes of this trial. METHODS: All surviving patients initially randomized in the TULIP trial were contacted...
April 17, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30993676/reducing-surgical-mortality-in-scotland-by-use-of-the-who-surgical-safety-checklist
#13
G Ramsay, A B Haynes, S R Lipsitz, I Solsky, J Leitch, A A Gawande, M Kumar
BACKGROUND: The WHO Surgical Safety Checklist has been implemented widely since its launch in 2008. It was introduced in Scotland as part of the Scottish Patient Safety Programme (SPSP) between 2008 and 2010, and is now integral to surgical practice. Its influence on outcomes, when analysed at a population level, remains unclear. METHODS: This was a population cohort study. All admissions to any acute hospital in Scotland between 2000 and 2014 were included. Standardized differences were used to estimate the balance of demographics over time, after which interrupted time-series (segmented regression) analyses were performed...
April 16, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30990885/hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-perioperative-management-of-portal-hypertension
#14
N Takemura, T Aoki, K Hasegawa, J Kaneko, J Arita, N Akamatsu, M Makuuchi, N Kokudo
BACKGROUND: Indications for hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have portal hypertension (PH) have been controversial. Some studies have concluded that PH is a contraindication to hepatectomy, whereas others have suggested that perioperative prophylactic management (PPM) can help overcome complications after hepatectomy associated with PH. The objective of this retrospective study was to assess the short- and long-term outcomes after hepatectomy for HCC in patients with PH, with or without PPM...
April 16, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30945755/meta-analysis-of-the-molecular-associations-of-mucinous-colorectal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
I S Reynolds, S J Furney, E W Kay, D A McNamara, J H M Prehn, J P Burke
BACKGROUND: Mucinous differentiation occurs in 5-15 per cent of colorectal adenocarcinomas. This subtype of colorectal cancer responds poorly to chemoradiotherapy and has a worse prognosis. The genetic aetiology underpinning this cancer subtype lacks consensus. The aim of this study was to use meta-analytical techniques to clarify the molecular associations of mucinous colorectal cancer. METHODS: This study adhered to MOOSE guidelines. Databases were searched for studies comparing KRAS, BRAF, microsatellite instability (MSI), CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), p53 and p27 status between patients with mucinous and non-mucinous colorectal adenocarcinoma...
April 4, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30938840/contemporary-prevalence-of-carotid-stenosis-in-patients-presenting-with-ischaemic-stroke
#16
S F Cheng, M M Brown, R J Simister, T Richards
BACKGROUND: Carotid stenosis is a common cause of ischaemic stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA). Despite rising recognition and centralization of stroke services there has been a decline in interventions for carotid stenosis in recent years. The aim of this study was to determine the current prevalence and management of carotid stenosis in the UK. METHODS: This was a 1-year prospective observational study of consecutive patients presenting with ischaemic stroke, TIA or ischaemic retinal artery occlusion to a central London hyperacute stroke unit...
April 2, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919948/randomized-clinical-trial-of-liposomal-bupivacaine-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-versus-intrathecal-analgesia-in-colorectal-surgery
#17
D T Colibaseanu, O Osagiede, A Merchea, C T Ball, E Bojaxhi, J K Panchamia, A K Jacob, S R Kelley, J M Naessens, D W Larson
BACKGROUND: Transverse abdominis plane (TAP) block is considered an effective alternative to neuraxial analgesia for abdominal surgery. However, limited evidence supports its use over traditional analgesic modalities in colorectal surgery. This study compared the analgesic efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine TAP block with intrathecal (IT) opioid administration in a multicentre RCT. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective small bowel or colorectal resection were randomized to receive TAP block or a single injection of IT analgesia with hydromorphone...
March 28, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919435/chronic-pain-after-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-donor-nephrectomy
#18
M Zorgdrager, M van Londen, L B Westenberg, G J Nieuwenhuijs-Moeke, J F M Lange, M H de Borst, S J L Bakker, H G D Leuvenink, R A Pol
BACKGROUND: Data on chronic pain after kidney donation are sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of chronic pain after hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy. METHODS: Living kidney donors who donated between 2011 and 2017 at the University Medical Centre Groningen were included. All patients underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Postdonation pain and movement disabilities were assessed using the Carolinas Comfort Scale (CCS) and a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 27, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919411/baseline-findings-of-the-population-based-randomized-multifaceted-danish-cardiovascular-screening-trial-dancavas-of-men-aged-65-74-years
#19
J S Lindholt, L M Rasmussen, R Søgaard, J Lambrechtsen, F H Steffensen, L Frost, K Egstrup, G Urbonaviciene, M Busk, M H Olsen, J Hallas, A C Diederichsen
BACKGROUND: The challenge of managing age-related diseases is increasing; routine checks by the general practitioner do not reduce cardiovascular mortality. The aim here was to reduce cardiovascular mortality by advanced population-based cardiovascular screening. The present article reports the organization of the study, the acceptability of the screening offer, and the relevance of multifaceted screening for prevention and management of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Danish men aged 65-74 years were invited randomly (1 : 2) to a cardiovascular screening examination using low-dose non-contrast CT, ankle and brachial BP measurements, and blood tests...
March 27, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30912849/meta-analysis-of-totally-extraperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-patients-with-previous-lower-abdominal-surgery
#20
REVIEW
D Prassas, T-M Rolfs, W-T Knoefel, A Krieg
BACKGROUND: Previous lower abdominal surgery is considered a relative contraindication to laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. This was a meta-analysis of studies comparing the feasibility and safety of TEP repair between patients with (PS), and without (NS) a history of lower abdominal surgery. METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken for studies comparing the outcome of TEP inguinal hernia repair in patients with, and without previous lower abdominal surgery...
March 26, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
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