British Journal of Surgery

A Fafaj, C C Petro, L Tastaldi, H Alkhatib, R AlMarzooqi, M A Olson, T G Stewart, A Prabhu, D Krpata, M J Rosen
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia repair with mesh improves long-term outcomes, but the ideal mesh position remains unclear. This study compared intraperitoneal versus retromuscular or preperitoneal sublay (RPS) mesh positions for open incisional hernia repairs. METHODS: All patients who had elective open incisional hernia repairs were identified retrospectively in the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative database. The primary outcome was the rate of 30-day surgical-site infection (SSI)...
March 31, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
Jonathan Ives, Richard Huxtable
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
A Mehrabi, Y Kulu, M Sabagh, E Khajeh, S Mohammadi, O Ghamarnejad, M Golriz, C Morath, W O Bechstein, G A Berlakovich, N Demartines, M Duran, L Fischer, L Gürke, J Klempnauer, A Königsrainer, H Lang, U P Neumann, A Pascher, A Paul, P Pisarski, J Pratschke, S Schneeberger, U Settmacher, R Viebahn, M Wirth, B Wullich, M Zeier, M W Büchler
BACKGROUND: The incidence of lymphatic complications after kidney transplantation varies considerably in the literature. This is partly because a universally accepted definition has not been established. This study aimed to propose an acceptable definition and severity grading system for lymphatic complications based on their management strategy. METHODS: Relevant literature published in MEDLINE and Web of Science was searched systematically. A consensus for definition and a severity grading was then sought between 20 high-volume transplant centres...
March 30, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
D Wallace, T E Cowling, K Walker, A Suddle, A Gimson, I Rowe, C Callaghan, G Sapisochin, N Mehta, N Heaton, J van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) awaiting liver transplantation is widespread, although evidence that it improves outcomes is lacking and there exist concerns about morbidity. The impact of TACE on outcomes after transplantation was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Patients with HCC who had liver transplantation in the UK were identified, and stratified according to whether they received TACE between 2006 and 2016...
March 28, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Most clinical guidelines are developed by high-income country institutions with little consideration given to either the evidence base for interventions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), or the specific challenges LMIC health systems may face in implementing recommendations. The aim of this study was to prioritize topics for future global surgery guidelines and then to develop a guideline for the top ranked topic. METHODS: A Delphi exercise identified and prioritized topics for guideline development...
March 24, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
P B Olthof, A K E Elfrink, E Marra, E J T Belt, P B van den Boezem, K Bosscha, E C J Consten, M den Dulk, P D Gobardhan, J Hagendoorn, T N T van Heek, J N M IJzermans, J M Klaase, K F D Kuhlmann, W K G Leclercq, M S L Liem, E R Manusama, H A Marsman, J S D Mieog, S J Oosterling, G A Patijn, W Te Riele, R-J Swijnenburg, H Torrenga, P van Duijvendijk, M Vermaas, N F M Kok, D J Grünhagen
BACKGROUND: Evidence for an association between hospital volume and outcomes for liver surgery is abundant. The current Dutch guideline requires a minimum volume of 20 annual procedures per centre. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between hospital volume and postoperative outcomes using data from the nationwide Dutch Hepato Biliary Audit. METHODS: This was a nationwide study in the Netherlands. All liver resections reported in the Dutch Hepato Biliary Audit between 2014 and 2017 were included...
March 24, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
A Spinelli, G Pellino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
S Cousins, N S Blencowe, C Tsang, K Chalmers, A Mardanpour, A J Carr, M K Campbell, J A Cook, D J Beard, J M Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Placebo-controlled trials play an important role in the evaluation of healthcare interventions. However, they can be challenging to design and deliver for invasive interventions, including surgery. In-depth understanding of the component parts of the treatment intervention is needed to ascertain what should, and should not, be delivered as part of the placebo. Assessment of risk to patients and strategies to ensure that the placebo effectively mimics the treatment are also required...
March 18, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
N Rotigliano, I Füglistaler, M-O Guenin, G-B Dursunoglu, D Freiermuth, M von Flüe, D C Steinemann
BACKGROUND: The benefit of a perianal block as an adjunct to general or regional anaesthesia is debated. This RCT aimed to compare pain at 24 h and up to 14 days after proctological surgery in patients with and without a perianal block. METHODS: Between January 2018 and April 2019, patients were allocated to receive a perianal block with ropivacaine or placebo as an adjunct to anaesthesia. Patients, surgeons and assessors were blinded. The primary outcome was pain measured on a numerical rating scale (NRS) after 24 h...
March 18, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
F C Sherratt, B S R Allin, J J Kirkham, E Walker, B Young, W Wood, L Beasant, S Eaton, N J Hall
BACKGROUND: Research studies to inform clinical practice and policy in children and young people with appendicitis are hampered by inconsistent selection and reporting of outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set for reporting all studies of uncomplicated acute appendicitis in children and young people. METHODS: Systematic literature reviews, qualitative interviews with parents and patients treated for uncomplicated acute appendicitis, and a Study-Specific Advisory Group informed a long list of outcomes...
March 17, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
M De Pastena, G Marchegiani, S Paiella, M Fontana, A Esposito, L Casetti, E Secchettin, G Manzini, C Bassi, R Salvia
BACKGROUND: Surgical-site infection (SSI) increases treatment costs, duration of hospital stay and readmission rate after pancreatic surgery. This study aimed to assess whether a wound protector could reduce the risk of superficial incisional SSI after pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: This RCT included patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy at Verona University Hospital, between 2017 and 2018. The experimental group had a dual-ring wound protector, whereas the control group had standard surgical drapes...
March 12, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
M H F Poorthuis, R Bulbulia, D R Morris, H Pan, P M Rothwell, A Algra, J-P Becquemin, L H Bonati, T G Brott, M M Brown, D Calvet, H-H Eckstein, G Fraedrich, J Gregson, J P Greving, J Hendrikse, G Howard, O Jansen, J-L Mas, S C Lewis, G J de Borst, A Halliday
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for stroke prevention depends on low procedural risks. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and timing of procedural complications after CEA, which may clarify underlying mechanisms and help inform safe discharge policies. METHODS: Individual-patient data were obtained from four large carotid intervention trials (VACS, ACAS, ACST-1 and GALA; 1983-2007). Patients undergoing CEA for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis directly after randomization were used for the present analysis...
March 12, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
S Tsukamoto, S Fujita, M Ota, J Mizusawa, D Shida, Y Kanemitsu, M Ito, A Shiomi, K Komori, M Ohue, Y Akazai, M Shiozawa, T Yamaguchi, H Bando, A Tsuchida, S Okamura, Y Akagi, N Takiguchi, Y Saida, T Akasu, Y Moriya
BACKGROUND: Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG) 0212 ( NCT00190541) was a non-inferiority phase III trial of patients with clinical stage II-III rectal cancer without lateral pelvic lymph node enlargement. The trial compared mesorectal excision (ME) with ME and lateral lymph node dissection (LLND), with a primary endpoint of recurrence-free survival (RFS). The planned primary analysis at 5 years failed to confirm the non-inferiority of ME alone compared with ME and LLND...
March 12, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
J A G van der Heijden, T Koëter, L J H Smits, C Sietses, J B Tuynman, A J G Maaskant-Braat, B R Klarenbeek, J H W de Wilt
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision (TME) gives excellent oncological results in rectal cancer treatment, but patients may experience functional problems. A novel approach to performing TME is by single-port transanal minimally invasive surgery. This systematic review evaluated the functional outcomes and quality of life after transanal and laparoscopic TME. METHODS: A comprehensive search in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase and the trial registers was conducted in May 2019...
March 10, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
K-S Ng, R Russo, M A Gladman
BACKGROUND: Bowel dysfunction after anterior resection is well documented, but its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. No study has assessed whether postoperative variation in colonic transit contributes to symptoms. This study measured colonic transit using planar scintigraphy and single-photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT in patients after anterior resection, stratified according to postoperative bowel function. METHODS: Symptoms were assessed using the low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score...
March 10, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
A M Zaborowski, B Murphy, B Creavin, A C Rogers, R Kennelly, A Hanly, S T Martin, P R O'Connell, K Sheahan, D C Winter
BACKGROUND: The incidence of rectal cancer among adults aged less than 50 years is rising. Survival data are limited and conflicting, and the oncological benefit of standard neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies is unclear. METHODS: Disease-specific outcomes of patients diagnosed with rectal cancer undergoing surgical resection with curative intent between 2006 and 2016 were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 797 patients with rectal cancer were identified, of whom 685 had surgery with curative intent...
March 9, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
A C Chambers, S W Dixon, P White, A C Williams, M G Thomas, D E Messenger
BACKGROUND: Evidence is emerging that the incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing in young adults, but the descriptive epidemiology required to better understand these trends is currently lacking. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was carried out including all adults aged 20-49 years diagnosed with colorectal cancer in England between 1974 and 2015. Data were extracted from the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service database using ICD-9/10 codes for colorectal cancer...
March 9, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
E A Agger, F H Jörgren, M-L A Lydrup, P L Buchwald
BACKGROUND: A circumferential resection margin (CRM) of 1·0 mm or less after rectal cancer surgery is thought to increase the risk of local recurrence (LR). This retrospective population-based study examined how CRM distance affects the LR risk. METHODS: Data from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry were used in a retrospective analysis of rectal cancers resected between 2005 and 2013. The primary endpoint was LR. RESULTS: A total of 12 146 patients were identified, of whom 8392 were included in the analysis; 739 patients had a CRM of 1·0 mm or less and 7653 had a CRM larger than 1·0 mm...
March 5, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
G Tomasch, M Lemmerer, S Oswald, S Uranitsch, C Schauer, A-M Schütz, B Bliem, A Berger, P F J Lang, G Rosanelli, F Ronaghi, J Tschmelitsch, S F Lax, S Uranues, K Tamussino
BACKGROUND: Most serous ovarian cancers are now understood to originate in the fallopian tubes. Removing the tubes (salpingectomy) likely reduces the risk of developing high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Numerous gynaecological societies now recommend prophylactic (or opportunistic) salpingectomy at the time of gynaecological surgery in appropriate women, and this is widely done. Salpingectomy at the time of non-gynaecological surgery has not been explored and may present an opportunity for primary prevention of ovarian cancer...
March 4, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
D Wallace, T E Cowling, K Walker, A Suddle, I Rowe, C Callaghan, A Gimson, W Bernal, N Heaton, J van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: The increasing demand for liver transplantation has led to considerable changes in characteristics of donors and recipients. This study evaluated the short- and long-term mortality of recipients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the UK between 1997 and 2016. METHODS: First-time elective adult liver transplant recipients in the UK were identified and four successive eras of transplantation were compared. Hazard ratios (HRs) comparing the impact of era on short-term (first 90 days) and longer-term (from 90 days to 5 years) mortality were estimated, with adjustment for recipient and donor characteristics...
March 3, 2020: British Journal of Surgery
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