journal

British Journal of Surgery

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31696506/the-alert-model-of-care-for-the-assessment-and-personalized-management-of-patients-with-lymphoedema
#1
J Boyages, L A Koelmeyer, H Suami, T Lam, Q D Ngo, A Heydon-White, S Czerniec, S Munot, K Ho-Shon, H Mackie
BACKGROUND: This study documents the development and evaluation of a comprehensive multidisciplinary model for the assessment and personalized care of patients with lymphoedema. METHODS: The Australian Lymphoedema Education Research and Treatment (ALERT) programme originated as an advanced clinic for patients considering surgery for lymphoedema. The programme commenced liposuction surgery in May 2012 and then introduced lymph node transfer in 2013 and lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA) in 2016...
November 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31691956/multiple-organ-dysfunction-after-trauma
#2
E Cole, S Gillespie, P Vulliamy, K Brohi
BACKGROUND: The nature of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) after traumatic injury is evolving as resuscitation practices advance and more patients survive their injuries to reach critical care. The aim of this study was to characterize contemporary MODS subtypes in trauma critical care at a population level. METHODS: Adult patients admitted to major trauma centre critical care units were enrolled in this 4-week point-prevalence study. MODS was defined by a daily total Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score of more than 5...
November 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31691270/multicentre-prospective-observational-study-evaluating-recommendations-for-mastectomy-by-multidisciplinary-teams
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for mastectomy by multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) may contribute to variation in mastectomy rates. The primary aim of this multicentre prospective observational study was to describe current practice in MDT decision-making for recommending mastectomy. A secondary aim was to determine factors contributing to variation in mastectomy rates. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing mastectomy between 1 June 2015 and 29 February 2016 at participating units across the UK were recruited...
November 5, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31654418/decision-making-by-the-nice-interventional-procedures-advisory-committee
#4
C Carroll, R Dickson, A Boland, R Houten, M Walton
BACKGROUND: This study explored the evidence base for recommendations by the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Interventional Procedures Advisory Committee, the only NICE committee not to consider cost. The four potential recommendations are: Standard Arrangements (can be performed as routine practice in the NHS); Special Arrangements (can be done under certain conditions); Research Only; and Do Not Do. METHODS: Quantitative content analysis of data extracted from all published Interventional Procedure Guidance (IPG) for 2003-2018 (n = 496) was undertaken...
October 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31654406/significance-of-the-surgical-hepatic-resection-margin-in-patients-with-a-single-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
T Aoki, K Kubota, K Hasegawa, S Kubo, N Izumi, N Kokudo, M Sakamoto, S Shiina, T Takayama, O Nakashima, Y Matsuyama, T Murakami, M Kudo
BACKGROUND: The impact of a wide surgical margin on the outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been evaluated in relation to the type of liver resection performed, anatomical or non-anatomical. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgical margin status on outcomes in patients undergoing anatomical or non-anatomical resection for solitary HCC. METHODS: Data from patients with solitary HCC who had undergone non-anatomical partial resection (Hr0 group) or anatomical resection of one Couinaud segment (HrS group) between 2000 and 2007 were extracted from a nationwide survey database in Japan...
October 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31654404/predicting-return-to-work-among-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#6
C M den Bakker, J R Anema, J A F Huirne, J Twisk, H J Bonjer, F G Schaafsma
BACKGROUND: The increase in prevalence of colorectal cancer among young patients coupled with an older retirement age in developed countries means that more patients are being diagnosed with colorectal cancer while still at work. The aim of this study was to develop prediction models for return to work by 1 and 2 years after the start of sick leave. METHODS: This was a retrospective registry-based cohort study of data from a nationwide occupational health service in the Netherlands...
October 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31652003/learning-curve-of-laparoscopic-living-donor-right-hepatectomy
#7
J Rhu, G-S Choi, C H D Kwon, J M Kim, J-W Joh
BACKGROUND: The feasibility and learning curve of laparoscopic living donor right hepatectomy was assessed. METHODS: Donors who underwent right hepatectomy performed by a single surgeon were reviewed. Comparisons between open and laparoscopy regarding operative outcomes, including number of bile duct openings in the graft, were performed using propensity score matching. RESULTS: From 2014 to 2018, 103 and 96 donors underwent laparoscopic and open living donor right hepatectomy respectively, of whom 64 donors from each group were matched...
October 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31626342/prognostic-role-of-the-length-of-tumour-vein-contact-at-the-portal-superior-mesenteric-vein-in-patients-having-surgery-for-pancreatic-cancer
#8
T Imamura, Y Yamamoto, T Sugiura, Y Okamura, T Ito, R Ashida, K Ohgi, A Todaka, A Fukutomi, T Aramaki, K Uesaka
BACKGROUND: The length of tumour-vein contact between the portal-superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) and pancreatic head cancer, and its relationship to prognosis in patients undergoing pancreatic surgery, remains controversial. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with pancreatic head cancer who were eligible for pancreatoduodenectomy between October 2002 and December 2016 were analysed. The PV/SMV contact was assessed retrospectively on CT. Using the minimum P value approach based on overall survival after surgery, the optimal cut-off value for tumour-vein contact length was identified...
October 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31625143/population-based-study-of-morbidity-risk-associated-with-pathological-complete-response-after-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#9
F J van der Sluis, A M Couwenberg, G H de Bock, M P W Intven, O Reerink, B L van Leeuwen, H L van Westreenen
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer may induce a pathological complete response (pCR) but increase surgical morbidity due to radiation-induced fibrosis. In this study the association between pCR and postoperative surgical morbidity was investigated. METHODS: Patients in the Netherlands with rectal cancer who underwent nCRT followed by total mesorectal excision between 2009 and 2017 were included. Data were stratified into patients who underwent resection with creation of a primary anastomosis and those who had a permanent stoma procedure...
October 17, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31609482/end-of-life-care-following-leg-amputation-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-or-diabetes
#10
C de Mestral, A T Hsu, R Talarico, D S Lee, M A Hussain, K Salata, M Al-Omran, P Tanuseputro
BACKGROUND: The aim was to characterize end-of-life care in patients who have had a leg amputated for peripheral artery disease (PAD) or diabetes. METHODS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of patients with PAD or diabetes who died in Ontario, Canada, between 2011 and 2017. Those who had a leg amputation within 3 years of death were compared with a control cohort of deceased patients with PAD or diabetes, but without leg amputation. The patients were identified from linked health records within the single-payer healthcare system...
October 14, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31603540/performance-of-a-modified-three-level-classification-in-stratifying-open-liver-resection-procedures-in-terms-of-complexity-and-postoperative-morbidity
#11
Y Kawaguchi, K Hasegawa, C-W D Tzeng, T Mizuno, J Arita, Y Sakamoto, Y S Chun, T A Aloia, N Kokudo, J-N Vauthey
BACKGROUND: Traditional classifications for open liver resection are not always associated with surgical complexity and postoperative morbidity. The aim of this study was to test whether a three-level classification for stratifying surgical complexity based on surgical and postoperative outcomes, originally devised for laparoscopic liver resection, is superior to classifications based on a previously reported survey for stratifying surgical complexity of open liver resections, minor/major nomenclature or number of resected segments...
October 11, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31595986/safety-and-efficacy-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-to-reduce-ileus-after-colorectal-surgery
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Ileus is common after elective colorectal surgery, and is associated with increased adverse events and prolonged hospital stay. The aim was to assess the role of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for reducing ileus after surgery. METHODS: A prospective multicentre cohort study was delivered by an international, student- and trainee-led collaborative group. Adult patients undergoing elective colorectal resection between January and April 2018 were included...
October 9, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31595982/short-term-medical-treatment-of-hypercalcaemia-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-predicts-symptomatic-response-after-parathyroidectomy
#13
A Koman, S Ohlsson, R Bränström, Y Pernow, R Bränström, I-L Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism is often associated with non-disease-specific symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether normalization of hypercalcaemia with short-term medical treatment can be used to predict the effects of parathyroidectomy and guide in surgical decision-making. METHODS: This observational study included patients who received calcimimetic treatment for 4 weeks before parathyroidectomy (30-60 mg daily). A panel of tests was used to assess various aspects of quality of life (European Organisation and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 core questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Positive State of Mind questionnaire), cognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessment) and muscle strength (timed-stands test)...
October 9, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31595970/phase-ii-randomized-clinical-trial-of-endosonography-and-pet-ct-versus-clinical-assessment-only-for-follow-up-after-surgery-for-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-eufuro-study
#14
O S Bjerring, C W Fristrup, P Pfeiffer, L Lundell, M B Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal malignancies have a poor prognosis. There is no consensus on how patients should be followed after surgery. The authors hypothesized that a structured follow-up programme including endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and [18 F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT would detect cancer recurrences, leading to more patients being eligible for therapy. METHODS: After surgery with curative intent for adenocarcinomas in the gastro-oesophageal junction, stomach or pancreas, patients were randomized 1 : 1 to standard clinical assessment in the outpatient clinic at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months after operation, or clinical assessment plus imaging including [18 F]FDG PET/CT and EUS...
October 9, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31588561/development-and-evaluation-of-the-general-surgery-objective-structured-assessment-of-technical-skill-gosats
#15
Y Halwani, A K Sachdeva, L Satterthwaite, S de Montbrun
BACKGROUND: Technical skill acquisition is important in surgery specialty training. Despite an emphasis on competency-based training, few tools are currently available for direct technical skills assessment at the completion of training. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a simulated technical skill examination for graduating (postgraduate year (PGY)5) general surgery trainees. METHODS: A simulated eight-station, procedure-based general surgery technical skills examination was developed...
October 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31577372/randomized-controlled-trial-of-plain-english-and-visual-abstracts-for-disseminating-surgical-research-via-social-media
#16
S J Chapman, R C Grossman, M E B FitzPatrick, R R W Brady
BACKGROUND: Patients are increasingly taking an active role in the design and delivery of surgical research. Public communication of results should also be encouraged, but this is often limited to non-expert commentary. This study assessed the role of plain English abstracts disseminated via social media in engaging patients and clinicians in the communication of surgical research. METHODS: A three-arm randomized controlled trial with crossover of two intervention arms was performed...
October 2, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31573088/systematic-review-of-the-current-status-of-cadaveric-simulation-for-surgical-training
#17
REVIEW
H K James, A W Chapman, G T R Pattison, D R Griffin, J D Fisher
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in and provision of cadaveric simulation courses for surgical trainees. This is being driven by the need to modernize and improve the efficiency of surgical training within the current challenging training climate. The objective of this systematic review is to describe and evaluate the evidence for cadaveric simulation in postgraduate surgical training. METHODS: A PRISMA-compliant systematic literature review of studies that prospectively evaluated a cadaveric simulation training intervention for surgical trainees was undertaken...
October 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31573087/network-meta-analysis-of-urinary-retention-and-mortality-after-lichtenstein-repair-of-inguinal-hernia-under-local-regional-or-general-anaesthesia
#18
REVIEW
J H H Olsen, S Öberg, K Andresen, T W Klausen, J Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Urinary retention and mortality after open repair of inguinal hernia may depend on the type of anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to investigate possible differences in urinary retention and mortality in adults after Lichtenstein repair under different types of anaesthesia. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in the Cochrane, PubMed and Embase databases, with the last search on 1 August 2018. Eligible studies included adult patients having elective unilateral inguinal hernia repair by the Lichtenstein technique under local, regional or general anaesthesia...
October 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31573084/effect-of-donor-nephrectomy-time-during-circulatory-dead-donor-kidney-retrieval-on-transplant-graft-failure
#19
L Heylen, J Pirenne, U Samuel, I Tieken, M Coemans, M Naesens, B Sprangers, I Jochmans
BACKGROUND: When the blood supply ceases in a deceased organ donor, ischaemic injury starts. Kidneys are cooled to reduce cellular metabolism and minimize ischaemic injury. This cooling is slow and kidneys are lukewarm during nephrectomy. Smaller single-centre studies have shown that prolonged donor nephrectomy time decreases early kidney transplant function, but the effect on long-term outcome has never been investigated in large multicentre cohort studies. METHODS: The relationship between donor nephrectomy time and death-censored graft survival was evaluated in recipients of single adult-to-adult, first-time deceased-donor kidneys transplanted in the Eurotransplant region between 2004 and 2013...
October 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31503341/trauma-models-to-identify-major-trauma-and-mortality-in-the-prehospital-setting
#20
C A Sewalt, E Venema, E J A Wiegers, F E Lecky, S C E Schuit, D den Hartog, E W Steyerberg, H F Lingsma
BACKGROUND: Patients with major trauma might benefit from treatment in a trauma centre, but early identification of major trauma (Injury Severity Score (ISS) over 15) remains difficult. The aim of this study was to undertake an external validation of existing prognostic models for injured patients to assess their ability to predict mortality and major trauma in the prehospital setting. METHODS: Prognostic models were identified through a systematic literature search up to October 2017...
September 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
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