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British Journal of Surgery

D C Norvell, M L Thompson, E J Boyko, G Landry, A J Littman, W G Henderson, A P Turner, C Maynard, K P Moore, J M Czerniecki
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo lower extremity amputation secondary to the complications of diabetes or peripheral artery disease have poor long-term survival. Providing patients and surgeons with individual-patient, rather than population, survival estimates provides them with important information to make individualized treatment decisions. METHODS: Patients with peripheral artery disease and/or diabetes undergoing their first unilateral transmetatarsal, transtibial or transfemoral amputation were identified in the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP) database...
March 13, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
B J Quiram, J Crippa, F Grass, J K Lovely, K T Behm, D T Colibaseanu, A Merchea, S R Kelley, W S Harmsen, D W Larson
BACKGROUND: Oncological outcomes of locally advanced rectal cancer depend on the quality of surgical and oncological management. Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have yet to be assessed for their oncological impact when used in combination with minimally invasive surgery. This study assessed outcomes with or without an ERP in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all consecutive adult patients who underwent elective minimally invasive surgery for primary rectal adenocarcinoma with curative intent between February 2005 and April 2018...
March 12, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A Karakatsanis, A-F Hersi, L Pistiolis, R Olofsson Bagge, P M Lykoudis, S Eriksson, F Wärnberg
BACKGROUND: One-fifth of patients with a preoperative diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have invasive breast cancer (IBC) on definitive histology. Sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) is performed in almost half of women having surgery for DCIS in Sweden. The aim of the present study was to try to minimize unnecessary SLND by injecting superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles at the time of primary breast surgery, enabling SLND to be performed later, if IBC is found in the primary specimen...
March 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
V L Negenborn, J M Smit, R E G Dikmans, H A H Winters, J W R Twisk, P Q Ruhé, M A M Mureau, S Tuinder, Y Eltahir, N A S Posch, J M van Steveninck-Barends, R R W J van der Hulst, M J P F Ritt, M-B Bouman, M G Mullender
BACKGROUND: Implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) is the most commonly performed reconstructive procedure and its economic impact is significant. This study aimed to analyse whether a direct one-stage IBBR with use of an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is more cost-effective than two-stage (expander-implant) breast reconstruction. METHODS: The BRIOS (Breast Reconstruction In One Stage) study was an open-label multicentre RCT in which women scheduled for skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate IBBR were randomized between one-stage IBBR with ADM or two-stage IBBR...
March 5, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
J Kirkegård, E K Aahlin, M Al-Saiddi, S O Bratlie, M Coolsen, R J de Haas, M den Dulk, C Fristrup, E M Harrison, M B Mortensen, M W Nijkamp, J Persson, J A Søreide, S J Wigmore, T Wik, F V Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings have been adopted widely to ensure optimal treatment for patients with cancer. Agreements in tumour staging, resectability assessments and treatment allocation between different MDTs were assessed. METHODS: Of all patients referred to one hospital, 19 patients considered to have non-metastatic pancreatic cancer for evaluation were selected randomly for a multicentre study of MDT decisions in seven units across Northern Europe...
March 4, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A J Hayes, E Moskovic, K O'Meara, H G Smith, R J E Pope, J Larkin, J M Thomas
BACKGROUND: For patients with intermediate-thickness melanoma, surveillance of regional lymph node basins by clinical examination alone has been reported to result in a larger number of lymph nodes involved by melanoma than if patients had initial sentinel node biopsy and completion dissection. This may result in worse regional control. A prospective study of both regular clinical examination and ultrasound surveillance was conducted to assess the effectiveness of these modalities. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, patients with melanoma of thickness 1·2-3·5 mm who had under-gone wide local excision but not sentinel node biopsy were recruited to a prospective observational study of regular clinical and ultrasound nodal surveillance...
February 28, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
S E Vollenbrock, F E M Voncken, J M van Dieren, D M J Lambregts, M Maas, G J Meijer, L Goense, S Mook, K J Hartemink, P Snaebjornsson, L C Ter Beek, M Verheij, B M P Aleman, R G H Beets-Tan, A Bartels-Rutten
BACKGROUND: Patients with a pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for oesophageal cancer may benefit from non-surgical management. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of visual response assessment of the primary tumour after nCRT on T2-weighted (T2W) and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI. METHODS: Patients with locally advanced oesophageal cancer who underwent T2W- and DW-MRI (1·5 T) before and after nCRT in two hospitals, between July 2013 and September 2017, were included in this prospective study...
February 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A Lindegren, I Schultz, I Sinha, L Cheung, A A Khan, M Tekle, M Wickman, M Halle
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced fibrosis, an adverse effect of breast cancer treatment, is associated with functional and cosmetic impairment as well as surgical complications. Clinical reports suggest improvement following autologous fat transplantation, but the mechanisms underlying this effect are unknown. A global gene expression analysis was undertaken to identify genetic pathways dysregulated by radiation and evaluate the impact of autologous fat transplantation on gene expression...
February 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
F Magnoni, G Massari, G Santomauro, V Bagnardi, E Pagan, G Peruzzotti, V Galimberti, P Veronesi, V S Sacchini
BACKGROUND: Microinvasive breast cancer is an uncommon pathological entity. Owing to the rarity of this condition, its surgical axillary management and overall prognosis remain controversial. METHODS: A database was analysed to identify patients with microinvasive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who had surgery for invasive breast cancer at the European Institute of Oncology, Milan, between 1998 and 2010. Women who had undergone axillary staging by sentinel lymph node biopsy were included in the study...
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
J Golledge, T P Singh, C Alahakoon, J Pinchbeck, L Yip, J V Moxon, D R Morris
BACKGROUND: Supervised exercise is recommended for the management of peripheral artery disease (PAD); however, the uptake is limited. Structured home exercise programmes may be more feasible, but their effectiveness is unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the benefit of structured home exercise programmes for treating PAD in comparison to controls not receiving an exercise programme. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify RCTs comparing structured home exercise with controls not receiving an exercise programme among patients with PAD...
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
K Westberg, G Palmer, F Hjern, T Holm, A Martling
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies of treatment of locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC) are lacking. The aim was to investigate the surgical treatment of patients with LRRC at a national population-based level. METHODS: All patients undergoing abdominal resection for primary rectal cancer between 1995 and 2002 in Sweden with LRRC as a first event were included. Detailed information about treatment, complications and outcomes was collected from the medical records...
February 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
R G Hanna-Sawires, J V Groen, F A Klok, R A E M Tollenaar, W E Mesker, R J Swijnenburg, A L Vahrmeijer, B A Bonsing, J S D Mieog
BACKGROUND: Postpancreatectomy haemorrhage (PPH) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are serious complications following pancreatic surgery. The aim was to assess the timing, occurrence and predictors of PPH and VTE. METHODS: Elective pancreatic resections undertaken in a single university hospital between November 2013 and September 2017 were assessed. Three intervals were reviewed, each with a different routine regimen of nadroparin: 2850 units once daily (single dose) administered in hospital only, or 5700 units once daily (double dose) or 2850 units twice daily (split dose) administered in hospital and continued for 6 weeks after surgery...
February 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
T Mizuno, T Ebata, Y Yokoyama, T Igami, J Yamaguchi, S Onoe, N Watanabe, M Ando, M Nagino
BACKGROUND: The indications for major hepatectomy for gallbladder cancer either with or without pancreatoduodenectomy remain controversial. The clinical value of these extended procedures was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Patients who underwent major hepatectomy for gallbladder cancer between 1996 and 2016 were identified from a prospectively compiled database. Postoperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between patients undergoing major hepatectomy alone or combined with pancreatoduodenectomy (HPD)...
February 14, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
M Strijker, J W Chen, T H Mungroop, N B Jamieson, C H van Eijck, E W Steyerberg, J W Wilmink, B Groot Koerkamp, H W van Laarhoven, M G Besselink
BACKGROUND: As more therapeutic options for pancreatic cancer are becoming available, there is a need to improve outcome prediction to support shared decision-making. A systematic evaluation of prediction models in resectable pancreatic cancer is lacking. METHODS: This systematic review followed the CHARMS and PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to 11 October 2017. Studies reporting development or validation of models predicting survival in resectable pancreatic cancer were included...
February 13, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
D M Epstein, M S Gohel, F Heatley, X Liu, A Bradbury, R Bulbulia, N Cullum, I Nyamekye, K R Poskitt, S Renton, J Warwick, A H Davies
BACKGROUND: Treatment of superficial venous reflux in addition to compression therapy accelerates venous leg ulcer healing and reduces ulcer recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the costs and cost-effectiveness of early versus delayed endovenous treatment of patients with venous leg ulcers. METHODS: This was a within-trial cost-utility analysis with a 1-year time horizon using data from the EVRA (Early Venous Reflux Ablation) trial. The study compared early versus deferred endovenous ablation for superficial venous truncal reflux in patients with a venous leg ulcer...
February 11, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
Y Uchida, T Masui, K Nakano, A Yogo, A Sato, K Nagai, T Anazawa, K Takaori, Y Tabata, S Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Visceral obesity is one of the risk factors for clinically relevant pancreatic fistula after pancreatic resection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of intraperitoneal lipolysis on postoperative pancreatic fistula. METHODS: The degree of intraperitoneal lipolysis was investigated by measuring the free fatty acid concentration in drain discharge in patients after pancreatic resection. An experimental pancreatic fistula model was prepared by pancreatic transection, and the impact of intraperitoneal lipolysis was evaluated by intraperitoneal administration of triolein (triglyceride) with, or without orlistat (lipase inhibitor)...
February 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
R Svensson-Björk, M Zarrouk, G Asciutto, J Hasselmann, S Acosta
BACKGROUND: Surgical-site infection (SSI) after groin incisions for arterial surgery is common and may lead to amputation or death. Incisional negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) dressings have been suggested to reduce SSIs. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to assess the effects of incisional NPWT on the incidence of SSI in closed groin incisions after arterial surgery. METHODS: A study protocol for this systematic review of RCTs was published in Prospero (CRD42018090298) a priori, with predefined search, inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A Machens, K Lorenz, H Dralle
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear when postoperative serum calcitonin levels should be measured in patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and, specifically, whether this decision should be based on the preoperative calcitonin level or nodal status. METHODS: A cohort of patients with previously untreated MTC was studied. Kaplan-Meier analyses, stratified by preoperative calcitonin level, nodal status and number of nodal metastases, were performed to determine time to calcitonin normalization after initial surgery, with statistical analysis by means of the log rank test...
February 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
D S Keller, C Reali, A Spinelli, M Penna, F Di Candido, C Cunningham, R Hompes
BACKGROUND: Impaired function after low anterior resection (LAR) is common and affects quality of life (QoL). Transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) may alter functional outcomes but patient-reported outcomes are scarce. This study assessed functional outcomes and QoL after TaTME for rectal cancer. METHODS: Functional outcomes and QoL data from two International Transanal TME Registry centres were reviewed for consecutive patients with rectal cancer undergoing restorative LAR with TaTME...
February 4, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
C F Justiniano, Z Xu, A Z Becerra, C T Aquina, C I Boodry, L K Temple, F J Fleming
BACKGROUND: Postoperative readmission after colorectal resection is common. It is unknown whether patients who receive readmission care from the surgeon who performed the index surgery have improved mortality. This study evaluated whether postdischarge continuity of care, defined at the hospital and surgeon level, was associated with decreased mortality after colorectal surgery. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System was queried for patients who had colorectal resections from 2004 to 2014, and were readmitted within 30 days of discharge...
February 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
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