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British Journal of Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31313828/prediction-model-and-web-based-risk-calculator-for-postoperative-ileus-after-loop-ileostomy-closure
#1
R Garfinkle, K B Filion, S Bhatnagar, G Sigler, A Banks, F Letarte, S Liberman, C J Brown, M Boutros
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a significant complication after loop ileostomy closure given both its frequency and impact on the patient. The purpose of this study was to develop and externally validate a prediction model for POI after loop ileostomy closure. METHODS: The model was developed and validated according to the TRIPOD checklist for prediction model development and validation. The development cohort included consecutive patients who underwent loop ileostomy closure in two teaching hospitals in Montreal, Canada...
July 17, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31313827/safety-and-efficacy-of-transarterial-embolization-of-hepatocellular-adenomas
#2
B V van Rosmalen, A J Klompenhouwer, J Jaap de Graeff, M P D Haring, V E de Meijer, L Rifai, S Dokmak, A Rawashdeh, M Abu Hilal, M C de Jong, C H C Dejong, M Doukas, R A de Man, J N M IJzermans, O M van Delden, J Verheij, T M van Gulik
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) larger than 5 cm in diameter has an increased risk of haemorrhage and malignant transformation, and is considered an indication for resection. As an alternative to resection, transarterial embolization (TAE) may play a role in prevention of complications of HCA, but its safety and efficacy are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to assess outcomes and postembolization effects of selective TAE in the management of HCA. METHODS: This retrospective, multicentre cohort study included patients aged at least 18 years, diagnosed with HCA and treated with TAE...
July 17, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31310333/external-validation-of-a-prognostic-model-to-predict-survival-of-patients-with-sentinel-node-negative-melanoma
#3
N A Ipenburg, O E Nieweg, T Ahmed, R van Doorn, R A Scolyer, G V Long, J F Thompson, S Lo
BACKGROUND: Identifying patients with sentinel node-negative melanoma at high risk of recurrence or death is important. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) recently developed a prognostic model including Breslow thickness, ulceration and site of the primary tumour. The aims of the present study were to validate this prognostic model externally and to assess whether it could be improved by adding other prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients with sentinel node-negative cutaneous melanoma were included in this retrospective single-institution study...
July 16, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31282584/effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-on-preoperative-pulmonary-physiology-postoperative-respiratory-complications-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-oesophageal-cancer
#4
J A Elliott, L O'Byrne, G Foley, C F Murphy, S L Doyle, S King, E M Guinan, N Ravi, J V Reynolds
BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) for oesophageal cancer influences operative morbidity, in particular pulmonary, and quality of life. This study combined clinical outcome data with systematic evaluation of pulmonary physiology to determine the impact of nCRT on pulmonary physiology and clinical outcomes in locally advanced oesophageal cancer. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated between 2010 and 2016 were included. Three-dimensional conformal radiation was standard, with a lung dose-volume histogram of V20 less than 25 per cent, and total radiation between 40 and 41·4 Gy...
July 8, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31282571/pushing-the-boundaries-of-pelvic-exenteration-by-maintaining-survival-at-the-cost-of-morbidity
#5
R L Venchiarutti, M J Solomon, C E Koh, J M Young, D Steffens
BACKGROUND: Pelvic exenteration (PE) provides a potentially curative option for advanced or recurrent malignancy confined to the pelvis. A clear (R0) resection margin is the strongest prognostic factor predicting long-term survival, driving most technical advances in PE surgery. The aim of this cohort study was to describe changing trends in extent of resection, postoperative complications, mortality and overall survival after PE surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent PE for advanced or recurrent pelvic malignancy at a single institution in Sydney, Australia, were identified...
July 8, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31282569/perioperative-outcomes-and-long-term-quality-of-life-after-total-pancreatectomy
#6
A Pulvirenti, A Pea, N Rezaee, C Gasparini, G Malleo, M J Weiss, J L Cameron, C L Wolfgang, J He, R Salvia
BACKGROUND: Total pancreatectomy is required to treat diseases involving the entire pancreas, and is characterized by high morbidity rates and impaired long-term quality of life (QoL). To date, risk factors associated with perioperative and long-term outcomes have not been determined fully. METHODS: Data from patients undergoing total pancreatectomy between 2000 and 2014 at two high-volume centres were analysed retrospectively to assess risk factors for major surgical complications...
July 8, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31276196/impact-of-postoperative-infective-complications-on-long-term-survival-after-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
T Yang, K Liu, C-F Liu, Q Zhong, J Zhang, J-J Yu, L Liang, C Li, M-D Wang, Z-L Li, H Wu, H Xing, J Han, W Y Lau, Y-Y Zeng, Y-H Zhou, W-M Gu, H Wang, T-H Chen, Y-M Zhang, W-G Zhang, T M Pawlik, M-C Wu, F Shen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications have a great impact on the postoperative course and oncological outcomes following major cancer surgery. Among them, infective complications play an important role. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether postoperative infective complications influence long-term survival after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients who underwent resection with curative intent for HCC between July 2003 and June 2016 were identified from a multicentre database (8 institutions) and analysed retrospectively...
July 5, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31268184/meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials-of-early-versus-delayed-cholecystectomy-for-mild-gallstone-pancreatitis
#8
REVIEW
N Moody, A Adiamah, F Yanni, D Gomez
BACKGROUND: Gallstones account for 30-50 per cent of all presentations of acute pancreatitis. While the management of acute pancreatitis is usually supportive, definitive treatment of gallstone pancreatitis is cholecystectomy. Guidelines from the British Society of Gastroenterology suggest definitive treatment on index admission or within 2 weeks of discharge, whereas joint recommendations from the International Association of Pancreatology and the American Pancreatic Association recommend definitive treatment on index admission...
July 3, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31268180/quality-assurance-of-surgery-in-the-randomized-st03-trial-of-perioperative-chemotherapy-in-carcinoma-of-the-stomach-and-gastro-oesophageal-junction
#9
W H Allum, E C Smyth, J M Blazeby, H I Grabsch, S M Griffin, S Rowley, F H Cafferty, R E Langley, D Cunningham
BACKGROUND: The UK Medical Research Council ST03 trial compared perioperative epirubicin, cisplatin and capecitabine (ECX) chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab (B) in gastric and oesophagogastric junctional cancer. No difference in survival was noted between the arms of the trial. The present study reviewed the standards and performance of surgery in the context of the protocol-specified surgical criteria. METHODS: Surgical and pathological clinical report forms were reviewed to determine adherence to the surgical protocols, perioperative morbidity and mortality, and final histopathological stage for all patients treated in the study...
July 3, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31259390/screening-for-gastric-cancer-using-exhaled-breath-samples
#10
REVIEW
Y Y Broza, S Khatib, A Gharra, A Krilaviciute, H Amal, I Polaka, S Parshutin, I Kikuste, E Gasenko, R Skapars, H Brenner, M Leja, H Haick
BACKGROUND: The aim was to derive a breath-based classifier for gastric cancer using a nanomaterial-based sensor array, and to validate it in a large screening population. METHODS: A new training algorithm for the diagnosis of gastric cancer was derived from previous breath samples from patients with gastric cancer and healthy controls in a clinical setting, and validated in a blinded manner in a screening population. RESULTS: The training algorithm was derived using breath samples from 99 patients with gastric cancer and 342 healthy controls, and validated in a population of 726 people...
July 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31259388/management-of-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-in-a-national-cohort
#11
L Lundgren, C Muszynska, A Ros, G Persson, O Gimm, B Andersson, P Sandström
BACKGROUND: Incidental gallbladder cancer is a rare event, and its prognosis is largely affected by the tumour stage and treatment. The aim of this study was to analyse the management, treatment and survival of patients with incidental gallbladder cancer in a national cohort over a decade. METHODS: Patients were identified through the Swedish Registry of Gallstone Surgery (GallRiks). Data were cross-linked to the national registry for liver surgery (SweLiv) and the Cancer Registry...
July 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31259387/observational-study-of-the-medical-management-of-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#12
A Saratzis, N E M Jaspers, B Gwilym, O Thomas, A Tsui, R Lefroy, M Parks, V Htun, Z Mera, A Thatcher, D Bosanquet, R Forsythe, R Benson, N Dattani, G Dovell, T Lane, J Shalhoub, D Sidloff, F L J Visseren, J A N Dorresteijn, T Richards
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are not offered adequate risk factor modification, despite their high cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to assess the cardiovascular profiles of patients with PAD and quantify the survival benefits of target-based risk factor modification. METHODS: The Vascular and Endovascular Research Network (VERN) prospectively collected cardiovascular profiles of patients with PAD from ten UK vascular centres (April to June 2018) to assess practice against UK and European goal-directed best medical therapy guidelines...
July 1, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31241185/meta-analysis-of-effect-of-routine-enteral-nutrition-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#13
REVIEW
M Tanaka, M Heckler, A L Mihaljevic, P Probst, U Klaiber, U Heger, T Hackert
BACKGROUND: The optimal nutritional treatment after pancreatoduodenectomy is still unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the impact of routine enteral nutrition following pancreatoduodenectomy on postoperative outcomes. METHODS: RCTs comparing enteral nutrition (regular oral intake with routine tube feeding) with non-enteral nutrition (regular oral intake with or without parenteral nutrition) after pancreatoduodenectomy were sought systematically in the MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases...
June 26, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31237348/reducing-postoperative-mortality-rates-in-england
#14
LETTER
D Nepogodiev, O Omar, A Bhangu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31236917/meta-analysis-of-routine-calcium-vitamin-d3-supplementation-versus-serum-calcium-level-based-strategy-to-prevent-postoperative-hypocalcaemia-after-thyroidectomy
#15
REVIEW
A Sanabria, A Rojas, J Arevalo
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess the effectiveness of routine administration of calcium +/- vitamin D3 compared with a serum calcium level-based strategy to prevent symptomatic hypocalcaemia after thyroidectomy. METHODS: RCTs comparing routine supplementation of calcium +/- vitamin D3 with treatment based on serum calcium levels measured after total thyroidectomy, published between 1980 and 2017, were identified in MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS and Google Scholar databases...
June 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31233220/multicentre-randomized-clinical-trial-of-colonic-j-pouch-or-straight-stapled-colorectal-reconstruction-after-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#16
S Pucciarelli, P Del Bianco, U Pace, F Bianco, A Restivo, I Maretto, F Selvaggi, L Zorcolo, S De Franciscis, C Asteria, E D L Urso, D Cuicchi, G Pellino, E Morpurgo, G La Torre, E Jovine, C Belluco, F La Torre, A Amato, A Chiappa, A Infantino, A Barina, G Spolverato, D Rega, D Kilmartin, G L De Salvo, P Delrio
BACKGROUND: Colonic J pouch reconstruction has been found to be associated with a lower incidence of anastomotic leakage than straight anastomosis. However, studies on this topic are underpowered and retrospective. This randomized trial evaluated whether the incidence of anastomotic leakage was reduced after colonic J pouch reconstruction compared with straight colorectal anastomosis following anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: This multicentre RCT included patients with rectal carcinoma who underwent low anterior resection followed by colorectal anastomosis...
June 24, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31216065/randomized-clinical-trial-of-accelerated-enhanced-recovery-after-minimally-invasive-colorectal-cancer-surgery-recovermi-trial
#17
B K Bednarski, T P Nickerson, Y N You, C A Messick, B Speer, V Gottumukkala, M Manandhar, M Weldon, E M Dean, W Qiao, X Wang, G J Chang
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs) have improved postoperative recovery and shortened length of hospital stay (LOS). Telemedicine technology has potential to improve outcomes and patient experience further. This study was designed to determine whether the combination of MIS, ERP and a structured telemedicine programme (TeleRecovery) could shorten total 30-day LOS by 50 per cent. METHODS: This was a phase II prospective RCT at a large academic medical centre...
June 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31216064/meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-extending-the-interval-after-long-course-chemoradiotherapy-before-surgery-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#18
REVIEW
É J Ryan, D P O'Sullivan, M E Kelly, A Z Syed, P C Neary, P R O'Connell, D O Kavanagh, D C Winter, J M O'Riordan
BACKGROUND: The current standard of care in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) is neoadjuvant long-course chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by total mesorectal excision (TME). Surgery is conventionally performed approximately 6-8 weeks after nCRT. This study aimed to determine the effect on outcomes of extending this interval. METHODS: A systematic search was performed for studies reporting oncological results that compared the classical interval (less than 8 weeks) from the end of nCRT to TME with a minimum 8-week interval in patients with LARC...
June 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31216062/bile-acid-changes-after-metabolic-surgery-are-linked-to-improvement-in-insulin-sensitivity
#19
S Ahlin, C Cefalù, I Bondia-Pons, E Capristo, L Marini, A Gastaldelli, G Mingrone, J J Nolan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic surgery is associated with a prompt improvement in insulin resistance, although the mechanism of action remains unknown. The literature on bile acid changes after metabolic surgery is conflicting, and insulin sensitivity is generally assessed by indirect methods. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between improvement in insulin sensitivity and concentration of circulating bile acids after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
June 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31216061/mechanisms-of-immunogenicity-in-colorectal-cancer
#20
REVIEW
T O Sillo, A D Beggs, D G Morton, G Middleton
BACKGROUND: The immune response in cancer is increasingly understood to be important in determining clinical outcomes, including responses to cancer therapies. New insights into the mechanisms underpinning the immune microenvironment in colorectal cancer are helping to develop the role of immunotherapy and suggest targeted approaches to the management of colorectal cancer at all disease stages. METHOD: A literature search was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases to identify relevant articles...
June 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
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