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British Journal of Surgery

L de Munter, S Polinder, C L P van de Ree, N Kruithof, K W W Lansink, E W Steyerberg, M A C de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Although mortality rates following major trauma are continuing to decline, a growing number of patients are experiencing long-term disability. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with health status in the first year following trauma and develop prediction models based on a defined trauma population. METHODS: The Brabant Injury Outcome Surveillance (BIOS) study was a multicentre prospective observational cohort study. Adult patients with traumatic injury were included from August 2015 to November 2016 if admitted to one of the hospitals of the Noord-Brabant region in the Netherlands...
March 20, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
S Otsuka, T Ebata, Y Yokoyama, T Mizuno, T Tsukahara, Y Shimoyama, M Ando, M Nagino
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of additional resection for a frozen-section-positive distal bile duct margin (DM) in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma between 2001 and 2015 were analysed retrospectively, focusing on the DM. RESULTS: Of 558 consecutive patients who underwent frozen-section examination for a DM, 74 (13·3 per cent) had a frozen-section-positive DM with invasive cancer or carcinoma in situ...
March 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
R M A Bulder, E Bastiaannet, J F Hamming, J H N Lindeman
BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the preferred strategy for elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) for many patients. However, the superiority of the endovascular procedure has recently been challenged by reports of impaired long-term survival in patients who underwent EVAR. A systematic review of long-term survival following AAA repair was therefore undertaken. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines...
March 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A Tsuchiya, H Yasunaga, Y Tsutsumi, T Kawahara, H Matsui, K Fushimi
BACKGROUND: The benefit of taking intra-abdominal cultures during source control procedures in patients with complicated intra-abdominal infection (CIAI) is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether intra-abdominal cultures reduce the mortality rate of CIAI. METHODS: The Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database was used to identify adult patients with CIAI who had undergone source control procedures on the first day of admission to hospital between April 2014 and March 2016...
March 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
J A Elliott, N G Docherty, C F Murphy, H-G Eckhardt, S L Doyle, E M Guinan, N Ravi, J V Reynolds, C W le Roux
BACKGROUND: Oesophagectomy is associated with reduced appetite, weight loss and postprandial hypoglycaemia, the pathophysiological basis of which remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to investigate changes in enteroendocrine function after oesophagectomy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 12 consecutive patients undergoing oesophagectomy were studied before and 10 days, 6, 12 and 52 weeks after surgery. Serial plasma total fasting ghrelin, and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), insulin and glucose release following a standard 400-kcal mixed-meal stimulus were determined...
March 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
W S Tummers, J V Groen, B G Sibinga Mulder, A Farina-Sarasqueta, J Morreau, H Putter, C J van de Velde, A L Vahrmeijer, B A Bonsing, J S Mieog, R J Swijnenburg
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is poor and selection of patients for surgery is challenging. This study examined the impact of a positive resection margin (R1) on locoregional recurrence (LRR) and overall survival (OS); and also aimed to identified tumour characteristics and/or technical factors associated with a positive resection margin in patients with PDAC. METHODS: Patients scheduled for pancreatic resection for PDAC between 2006 and 2016 were identified from an institutional database...
March 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
B Schermers, V Franke, E A Rozeman, B A van de Wiel, A Bruining, M W Wouters, W J van Houdt, B Ten Haken, S H Muller, C Bierman, T J M Ruers, C U Blank, A C J van Akkooi
This pilot study explored the value of localized index node removal after neoadjuvant immunotherapy in patients with stage III melanoma, for use as a response indicator to guide the extent of completion lymph node dissection. Promising technology.
March 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
D C Norvell, M L Thompson, E J Boyko, G Landry, A J Littman, W G Henderson, A P Turner, C Maynard, K P Moore, J M Czerniecki
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo lower extremity amputation secondary to the complications of diabetes or peripheral artery disease have poor long-term survival. Providing patients and surgeons with individual-patient, rather than population, survival estimates provides them with important information to make individualized treatment decisions. METHODS: Patients with peripheral artery disease and/or diabetes undergoing their first unilateral transmetatarsal, transtibial or transfemoral amputation were identified in the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP) database...
March 13, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
B J Quiram, J Crippa, F Grass, J K Lovely, K T Behm, D T Colibaseanu, A Merchea, S R Kelley, W S Harmsen, D W Larson
BACKGROUND: Oncological outcomes of locally advanced rectal cancer depend on the quality of surgical and oncological management. Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have yet to be assessed for their oncological impact when used in combination with minimally invasive surgery. This study assessed outcomes with or without an ERP in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all consecutive adult patients who underwent elective minimally invasive surgery for primary rectal adenocarcinoma with curative intent between February 2005 and April 2018...
March 12, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A Karakatsanis, A-F Hersi, L Pistiolis, R Olofsson Bagge, P M Lykoudis, S Eriksson, F Wärnberg
BACKGROUND: One-fifth of patients with a preoperative diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have invasive breast cancer (IBC) on definitive histology. Sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) is performed in almost half of women having surgery for DCIS in Sweden. The aim of the present study was to try to minimize unnecessary SLND by injecting superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles at the time of primary breast surgery, enabling SLND to be performed later, if IBC is found in the primary specimen...
March 6, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
V L Negenborn, J M Smit, R E G Dikmans, H A H Winters, J W R Twisk, P Q Ruhé, M A M Mureau, S Tuinder, Y Eltahir, N A S Posch, J M van Steveninck-Barends, R R W J van der Hulst, M J P F Ritt, M-B Bouman, M G Mullender
BACKGROUND: Implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) is the most commonly performed reconstructive procedure and its economic impact is significant. This study aimed to analyse whether a direct one-stage IBBR with use of an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is more cost-effective than two-stage (expander-implant) breast reconstruction. METHODS: The BRIOS (Breast Reconstruction In One Stage) study was an open-label multicentre RCT in which women scheduled for skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate IBBR were randomized between one-stage IBBR with ADM or two-stage IBBR...
March 5, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
J Kirkegård, E K Aahlin, M Al-Saiddi, S O Bratlie, M Coolsen, R J de Haas, M den Dulk, C Fristrup, E M Harrison, M B Mortensen, M W Nijkamp, J Persson, J A Søreide, S J Wigmore, T Wik, F V Mortensen
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings have been adopted widely to ensure optimal treatment for patients with cancer. Agreements in tumour staging, resectability assessments and treatment allocation between different MDTs were assessed. METHODS: Of all patients referred to one hospital, 19 patients considered to have non-metastatic pancreatic cancer for evaluation were selected randomly for a multicentre study of MDT decisions in seven units across Northern Europe...
March 4, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A J Hayes, E Moskovic, K O'Meara, H G Smith, R J E Pope, J Larkin, J M Thomas
BACKGROUND: For patients with intermediate-thickness melanoma, surveillance of regional lymph node basins by clinical examination alone has been reported to result in a larger number of lymph nodes involved by melanoma than if patients had initial sentinel node biopsy and completion dissection. This may result in worse regional control. A prospective study of both regular clinical examination and ultrasound surveillance was conducted to assess the effectiveness of these modalities. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, patients with melanoma of thickness 1·2-3·5 mm who had under-gone wide local excision but not sentinel node biopsy were recruited to a prospective observational study of regular clinical and ultrasound nodal surveillance...
February 28, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
S E Vollenbrock, F E M Voncken, J M van Dieren, D M J Lambregts, M Maas, G J Meijer, L Goense, S Mook, K J Hartemink, P Snaebjornsson, L C Ter Beek, M Verheij, B M P Aleman, R G H Beets-Tan, A Bartels-Rutten
BACKGROUND: Patients with a pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for oesophageal cancer may benefit from non-surgical management. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of visual response assessment of the primary tumour after nCRT on T2-weighted (T2W) and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI. METHODS: Patients with locally advanced oesophageal cancer who underwent T2W- and DW-MRI (1·5 T) before and after nCRT in two hospitals, between July 2013 and September 2017, were included in this prospective study...
February 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
A Lindegren, I Schultz, I Sinha, L Cheung, A A Khan, M Tekle, M Wickman, M Halle
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced fibrosis, an adverse effect of breast cancer treatment, is associated with functional and cosmetic impairment as well as surgical complications. Clinical reports suggest improvement following autologous fat transplantation, but the mechanisms underlying this effect are unknown. A global gene expression analysis was undertaken to identify genetic pathways dysregulated by radiation and evaluate the impact of autologous fat transplantation on gene expression...
February 25, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
F Magnoni, G Massari, G Santomauro, V Bagnardi, E Pagan, G Peruzzotti, V Galimberti, P Veronesi, V S Sacchini
BACKGROUND: Microinvasive breast cancer is an uncommon pathological entity. Owing to the rarity of this condition, its surgical axillary management and overall prognosis remain controversial. METHODS: A database was analysed to identify patients with microinvasive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who had surgery for invasive breast cancer at the European Institute of Oncology, Milan, between 1998 and 2010. Women who had undergone axillary staging by sentinel lymph node biopsy were included in the study...
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
J Golledge, T P Singh, C Alahakoon, J Pinchbeck, L Yip, J V Moxon, D R Morris
BACKGROUND: Supervised exercise is recommended for the management of peripheral artery disease (PAD); however, the uptake is limited. Structured home exercise programmes may be more feasible, but their effectiveness is unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the benefit of structured home exercise programmes for treating PAD in comparison to controls not receiving an exercise programme. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify RCTs comparing structured home exercise with controls not receiving an exercise programme among patients with PAD...
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
K Westberg, G Palmer, F Hjern, T Holm, A Martling
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies of treatment of locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC) are lacking. The aim was to investigate the surgical treatment of patients with LRRC at a national population-based level. METHODS: All patients undergoing abdominal resection for primary rectal cancer between 1995 and 2002 in Sweden with LRRC as a first event were included. Detailed information about treatment, complications and outcomes was collected from the medical records...
February 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
R G Hanna-Sawires, J V Groen, F A Klok, R A E M Tollenaar, W E Mesker, R J Swijnenburg, A L Vahrmeijer, B A Bonsing, J S D Mieog
BACKGROUND: Postpancreatectomy haemorrhage (PPH) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are serious complications following pancreatic surgery. The aim was to assess the timing, occurrence and predictors of PPH and VTE. METHODS: Elective pancreatic resections undertaken in a single university hospital between November 2013 and September 2017 were assessed. Three intervals were reviewed, each with a different routine regimen of nadroparin: 2850 units once daily (single dose) administered in hospital only, or 5700 units once daily (double dose) or 2850 units twice daily (split dose) administered in hospital and continued for 6 weeks after surgery...
February 18, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
T Mizuno, T Ebata, Y Yokoyama, T Igami, J Yamaguchi, S Onoe, N Watanabe, M Ando, M Nagino
BACKGROUND: The indications for major hepatectomy for gallbladder cancer either with or without pancreatoduodenectomy remain controversial. The clinical value of these extended procedures was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Patients who underwent major hepatectomy for gallbladder cancer between 1996 and 2016 were identified from a prospectively compiled database. Postoperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between patients undergoing major hepatectomy alone or combined with pancreatoduodenectomy (HPD)...
February 14, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
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