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British Journal of Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31503341/trauma-models-to-identify-major-trauma-and-mortality-in-the-prehospital-setting
#1
C A Sewalt, E Venema, E J A Wiegers, F E Lecky, S C E Schuit, D den Hartog, E W Steyerberg, H F Lingsma
BACKGROUND: Patients with major trauma might benefit from treatment in a trauma centre, but early identification of major trauma (Injury Severity Score (ISS) over 15) remains difficult. The aim of this study was to undertake an external validation of existing prognostic models for injured patients to assess their ability to predict mortality and major trauma in the prehospital setting. METHODS: Prognostic models were identified through a systematic literature search up to October 2017...
September 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31502664/diagnostic-performance-of-mri-and-histology-in-assessment-of-deep-lipomatous-tumours
#2
L Cairncross, H A Snow, D C Strauss, M J F Smith, O Sjokvist, C Messiou, K Thway, A J Hayes
BACKGROUND: Deep lipomatous tumours can be benign lipomas or intermediate/locally recurring atypical lipomatous tumours (ALTs). Differentiating between these two entities clinically and radiologically is difficult. The aims of this study were to report a series of deep lipomatous tumours, comparing the clinical, radiological and pathological features of ALTs and lipomas; and to predict the likelihood of a lipomatous tumour being ALT based on anatomical site and MRI characteristics. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients with deep lipomatous tumours presenting over 6 years to a tertiary sarcoma centre, with preoperative MRI, and preoperative or postoperative histology including MDM2 gene analysis...
September 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31502663/dysregulation-of-the-actin-scavenging-system-and-inhibition-of-dnase-activity-following-severe-thermal-injury
#3
R J Dinsdale, J Hazeldine, K Al Tarrah, P Hampson, A Devi, C Ermogenous, A L Bamford, J Bishop, S Watts, E Kirkman, J J Dalle Lucca, M Midwinter, T Woolley, M Foster, J M Lord, N Moiemen, P Harrison
BACKGROUND: Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is not found in healthy subjects, but is readily detected after thermal injury and may contribute to the risk of multiple organ failure. The hypothesis was that a postburn reduction in DNase protein/enzyme activity could contribute to the increase in cfDNA following thermal injury. METHODS: Patients with severe burns covering at least 15 per cent of total body surface area were recruited to a prospective cohort study within 24 h of injury...
September 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31502659/long-term-follow-up-of-two-randomized-trials-comparing-laparoscopic-nissen-360%C3%A2-with-anterior-90%C3%A2-partial-fundoplication
#4
R J Hopkins, T Irvine, G G Jamieson, P G Devitt, D I Watson
BACKGROUND: The side-effects of Nissen fundoplication have led to modifications, including partial fundoplications such as an anterior 90° wrap. Five-year follow-up of two randomized trials suggested fewer side-effects following anterior 90° partial fundoplication, but better reflux control after Nissen fundoplication. However, longer-term outcomes have not been reported. This study combined data from previous trials to determine 10-year outcomes. METHODS: From 1999 to 2003, 191 patients were enrolled in two randomized trials comparing anterior 90° partial versus Nissen fundoplication...
September 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31502658/systematic-review-of-functional-outcome-and-quality-of-life-after-total-pancreatectomy
#5
REVIEW
L Scholten, T F Stoop, M Del Chiaro, O R Busch, C van Eijck, I Q Molenaar, J H de Vries, M G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Surgeons have traditionally been reluctant to perform total pancreatectomy because of concerns for brittle diabetes and poor quality of life (QoL). Several recent studies have suggested that outcomes following total pancreatectomy have improved, but a systematic review is lacking. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken of studies reporting on outcomes after total pancreatectomy for all indications, except chronic pancreatitis. PubMed, EMBASE (Ovid), and Cochrane Library were searched (2005-2018)...
September 10, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483054/5g-assisted-telementored-surgery
#6
REVIEW
A M Lacy, R Bravo, A M Otero-Piñeiro, R Pena, F B De Lacy, R Menchaca, J M Balibrea
Safe and effective implementation of remote surgery and telementoring can have significant limitations. Fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks could be useful in overcoming these drawbacks. As a proof of concept, the authors present technical and clinical details of two procedures assisted by telementoring using 5G that were also broadcast live. Secure remote access advice.
September 4, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31461168/validation-of-the-norwegian-survival-prediction-model-in-trauma-normit-in-swedish-trauma-populations
#7
P Ghorbani, T Troëng, O Brattström, K G Ringdal, T Eken, A Ekbom, L Strömmer
BACKGROUND: Trauma survival prediction models can be used for quality assessment in trauma populations. The Norwegian survival prediction model in trauma (NORMIT) has been updated recently and validated internally (NORMIT 2). The aim of this observational study was to compare the accuracy of NORMIT 1 and 2 in two Swedish trauma populations. METHODS: Adult patients registered in the national trauma registry during 2014-2016 were eligible for inclusion. The study populations comprised the total national trauma (NT) population, and a subpopulation of patients admitted to a single level I trauma centre (TC)...
August 28, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31454073/meta-analysis-of-recurrence-pattern-after-resection-for-pancreatic-cancer
#8
REVIEW
M Tanaka, A L Mihaljevic, P Probst, M Heckler, U Klaiber, U Heger, M W Büchler, T Hackert
BACKGROUND: Initial recurrence mapping of resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) could help in stratifying patient subpopulations for optimal postoperative follow-up. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the initial recurrence patterns of PDAC and to correlate them with clinicopathological factors. METHODS: MEDLINE and Web of Science databases were searched systematically for studies reporting first recurrence patterns after PDAC resection...
August 27, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31454072/multicentre-observational-cohort-study-of-implementation-and-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#9
S Lof, A L Moekotte, B Al-Sarireh, B Ammori, S Aroori, D Durkin, G K Fusai, J J French, D Gomez, G Marangoni, R Marudanayagam, Z Soonawalla, R Sutcliffe, S A White, M Abu Hilal
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is increasingly being performed as an alternative to open surgery. Whether the implementation and corresponding learning curve of LDP have an impact on patient outcome is unknown. The aim was to investigate the temporal trends in practice across UK centres. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicentre observational cohort study of LDP in 11 tertiary referral centres in the UK between 2006 and 2016. The learning curve was analysed by pooling data for the first 15 consecutive patients who had LDP and examining trends in surgical outcomes in subsequent patients...
August 27, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31441944/multicentre-analysis-of-the-learning-curve-for-laparoscopic-liver-resection-of-the-posterosuperior-segments
#10
G Berardi, D Aghayan, Å A Fretland, H Elberm, F Cipriani, A Spagnoli, R Montalti, W P Ceelen, L Aldrighetti, M Abu Hilal, B Edwin, R I Troisi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver resection demands expertise and a long learning curve. Resection of the posterosuperior segments is challenging, and there are no data on the learning curve. The aim of this study was to evaluate the learning curve for laparoscopic resection of the posterosuperior segments. METHODS: A cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis of the difficulty score for resection was undertaken using patient data from four specialized centres. Risk-adjusted CUSUM analysis of duration of operation, blood loss and conversions was performed, adjusting for the difficulty score of the procedures...
August 23, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31441049/human-model-of-burn-injury-that-quantifies-the-benefit-of-cooling-as-a-first-aid-measure
#11
E H Wright, M Tyler, B Vojnovic, J Pleat, A Harris, D Furniss
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cooling is widely practised as a first aid measure, but the efficacy of cooling burns in human skin has not been demonstrated. A safe, consistent, ethically acceptable model of burning and cooling in live human skin in vivo was developed, and used to quantify the effects of cooling. METHODS: Novel apparatus was manufactured to create and cool burns in women who were anaesthetized for breast reconstruction surgery using a deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap...
August 23, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31441048/validation-of-a-nomogram-to-predict-the-risk-of-cancer-in-patients-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-and-main-duct-dilatation-of-10-mm-or-less
#12
W Jung, T Park, Y Kim, H Park, Y Han, J He, C L Wolfgang, A Blair, M F Rashid, M D Kluger, G H Su, J A Chabot, C-Y Yang, W Lou, R Valente, M Del Chiaro, Y-M Shyr, S-E Wang, N C M van Huijgevoort, M G Besselink, Y Yang, H Kim, W Kwon, S-W Kim, J-Y Jang
BACKGROUND: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is premalignant pancreatic lesion. International guidelines offer limited predictors of individual risk. A nomogram to predict individual IPMN malignancy risk was released, with good diagnostic performance based on a large cohort of Asian patients with IPMN. The present study validated a nomogram to predict malignancy risk and invasiveness of IPMN using both Eastern and Western cohorts. METHODS: Clinicopathological and radiological data from patients who underwent pancreatic resection for IPMN at four centres each in Eastern and Western countries were collected...
August 23, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31436325/early-mri-predictors-of-disease-free-survival-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-from-the-greccar-4-trial
#13
S Nougaret, F Castan, H de Forges, H A Vargas, B Gallix, S Gourgou, P Rouanet
BACKGROUND: Tailored neoadjuvant treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) may improve outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine early MRI prognostic parameters with which to stratify neoadjuvant treatment in patients with LARC. METHODS: All patients from a prospective, phase II, multicentre randomized study (GRECCAR4; NCT01333709) were included, and underwent rectal MRI before treatment, 4 weeks after induction chemotherapy and after completion of chemoradiotherapy (CRT)...
August 22, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31436322/health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-randomized-trial-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-or-chemoradiotherapy-plus-surgery-in-patients-with-oesophageal-cancer-neores-trial
#14
B Sunde, F Klevebro, A Johar, G Johnsen, A-B Jacobsen, N I Glenjen, S Friesland, M Lindblad, A Ajengui, L Lundell, P Lagergren, M Nilsson
BACKGROUND: There are few data comparing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone (nCT) compared with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in patients with oesophageal cancer. METHODS: In the NeoRes trial, patients were assigned randomly in a 1 : 1 ratio to receive either cisplatin 100 mg/m2 on day 1 and an infusion of 750 mg per m2 5-fluorouracil over 24 h on days 1-5 in three 21-day cycles (nCT) or the same chemotherapy regimen, but with the addition of 40 Gy radiotherapy (nCRT)...
August 22, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31424578/outcomes-of-surgery-for-benign-and-malignant-adrenal-disease-from-the-british-association-of-endocrine-and-thyroid-surgeons-national-registry
#15
N Patel, R J Egan, B R Carter, D M Scott-Coombes, M J Stechman
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the indications, procedures and outcomes for adrenal surgery from the UK Registry of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgery database from 2005 to 2017, and compared outcomes between benign and malignant disease. METHODS: Data on adrenalectomies were extracted from a national surgeon-reported registry. Preoperative diagnosis, surgical technique, length of hospital stay, morbidity and in-hospital mortality were examined. RESULTS: Some 3994 adrenalectomies were registered among patients with a median age of 54 (i...
August 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31424576/secondary-technical-resectability-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases-after-chemotherapy-with-or-without-selective-internal-radiotherapy-in-the-randomized-sirflox-trial
#16
B Garlipp, P Gibbs, G A Van Hazel, R Jeyarajah, R C G Martin, C J Bruns, H Lang, D M Manas, G M Ettorre, F Pardo, V Donckier, C Benckert, T M van Gulik, D Goéré, M Schoen, J Pratschke, W O Bechstein, A M de la Cuesta, S Adeyemi, J Ricke, M Seidensticker
BACKGROUND: Secondary resection of initially unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) can prolong survival. The added value of selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT) to downsize lesions for resection is not known. This study evaluated the change in technical resectability of CRLM with the addition of SIRT to FOLFOX-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up hepatic imaging of patients who received modified FOLFOX (mFOLFOX6: fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab (control arm) versus mFOLFOX6 (with or without bevacizumab) plus SIRT using yttrium-90 resin microspheres (SIRT arm) in the phase III SIRFLOX trial were reviewed by three or five (of 14) expert hepatopancreatobiliary surgeons for resectability...
August 19, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31403186/sex-differences-in-repair-rates-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#17
S Zommorodi, M Bottai, R Hultgren
BACKGROUND: Data are conflicting on sex differences in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) repair rates and outcomes have rarely been addressed. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the management and outcome of rAAA in men and women, and to describe time trends over a 15-year interval. METHODS: Data on patients with rAAA were extracted from the Swedish National Patient Registry and the Cause of Death Registry for the interval 2001-2015...
August 12, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31397896/population-based-study-of-the-impact-of-small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-adhesions-on-short-and-medium-term-mortality
#18
R Behman, A B Nathens, B Haas, N Look Hong, P Pechlivanoglou, P Karanicolas
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction due to adhesions (aSBO) is a common indication for admission to a surgical unit. Despite the prevalence of this condition, the short- and medium-term survival of this patient population has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to measure the short- and medium-term survival of patients admitted to hospital with aSBO. METHODS: Linked administrative data were used to identify patients admitted to hospital in Ontario, Canada, for aSBO between 2005 and 2011...
August 9, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31393612/research-waste-in-surgical-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
S J Chapman, M Aldaffaa, C L Downey, D G Jayne
BACKGROUND: Research waste is a major challenge for evidence-based medicine. It implicates misused resources and increased risks for research participants. The aim of this study was to quantify constituent components of waste in surgical RCTs and explore targets for improvement. METHODS: ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for RCTs registered between January 2011 and December 2012 using the keyword 'surgery'. The primary outcome was research waste, defined as non-publication, inadequate reporting or presence of an avoidable design limitation...
August 8, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31393608/prospective-cohort-study-of-appendicectomy-for-treatment-of-therapy-refractory-ulcerative-colitis
#20
M E Stellingwerf, S Sahami, D C Winter, S T Martin, G R D'Haens, G Cullen, G A Doherty, H Mulcahy, W A Bemelman, C J Buskens
INTRODUCTION: Appendicectomy may reduce relapses and need for medication in patients with ulcerative colitis, but long-term prospective data are lacking. This study aimed to analyse the effect of appendicectomy in patients with refractory ulcerative colitis. METHODS: In this prospective multicentre cohort series, all consecutive patients with refractory ulcerative colitis referred for proctocolectomy between November 2012 and June 2015 were counselled to undergo laparoscopic appendicectomy instead...
August 8, 2019: British Journal of Surgery
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