Stephen Mutch, Alan McCall, Adrian Wolfberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Richard Norris, Jill L Cook, Jamie E Gaida, Thomas Maddox, Jaya Raju, Seth O'Neill
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a modified version of the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire, for use in sedentary patients with Achilles tendinopathy, using the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments recommendations. METHODS: Twenty-two sedentary patients with Achilles tendinopathy completed the VISA-A and provided feedback regarding the relevance, comprehensiveness and comprehensibility of each item, response options and instructions...
March 16, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ash T Kolstad, Paul H Eliason, Jean-Michel Galarneau, Amanda Marie Black, Brent E Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence rates and odds of concussion between youth ice hockey players based on mouthguard use and helmet age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within a 5-year longitudinal cohort (2013/2014 to 2017/2018) of male and female ice hockey players (ages 11-18; n=3330 players) in Alberta (Canada), we analysed the relationship of equipment and concussion in both a prospective cohort and nested case (concussion) control (acute musculoskeletal injury) approach...
March 14, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Nurwina Anuar, Nurhidayah Bahar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Thomas Seiler, Christos T Nakas, Anne-Kathrin Brill, Urs Hefti, Matthias Peter Hilty, Eveline Perret-Hoigné, Jannis Sailer, Hans-Joachim Kabitz, Tobias M Merz, Jacqueline Pichler Hefti
OBJECTIVE: During a high-altitude expedition, the association of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters with the risk of developing acute mountain sickness (AMS) and the chance of reaching the summit were investigated. METHODS: Thirty-nine subjects underwent maximal CPET at lowlands and during ascent to Mount Himlung Himal (7126 m) at 4844 m, before and after 12 days of acclimatisation, and at 6022 m. Daily records of Lake-Louise-Score (LLS) determined AMS...
March 10, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Samual A Kayll, Rana S Hinman, Adam L Bryant, Kim L Bennell, Patrick L Rowe, Kade L Paterson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of biomechanical foot-based interventions (eg, footwear, insoles, taping and bracing on the foot) on patellofemoral loads during walking, running or walking and running combined in adults with and without patellofemoral pain or osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTdiscus, Embase and CENTRAL. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: English-language studies that assessed effects of biomechanical foot-based interventions on peak patellofemoral joint loads, quantified by patellofemoral joint pressure, reaction force or knee flexion moment during gait, in people with or without patellofemoral pain or osteoarthritis...
March 10, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Mikkel Bek Clausen, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Thomas Bandholm, Karl Bang Christensen, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to investigate the effectiveness of adding more resistance exercise to usual care on pain mechanisms (including temporal summation, conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and local pain sensitivity) and pain catastrophising in people with subacromial impingement at 16 weeks follow-up. Second, to investigate the modifying effect of pain mechanisms and pain catastrophising on the interventions' effectiveness in improving shoulder strength and disability METHODS: 200 consecutive patients were randomly allocated to usual exercise-based care or the same plus additional elastic band exercise to increase total exercise dose...
March 10, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Andrea M Bruder, Adam G Culvenor, Matthew G King, Melissa Haberfield, Eliza A Roughead, John Mastwyk, Joanne L Kemp, Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Thomas J West, Sally L Coburn, Sallie M Cowan, Allison M Ezzat, Laura To, Karina Chilman, Jamon L Couch, Jackie L Whittaker, Kay M Crossley
OBJECTIVE: Investigate sex/gender differences in self-reported activity and knee-related outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases were searched in December 2021. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Observational or interventional studies with self-reported activity (including return to sport) or knee-related outcomes after ACL injury. RESULTS: We included 242 studies (n=123 687, 43% females/women/girls, mean age 26 years at surgery)...
March 8, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Milan Klöwer, Pascal Edouard, Andreas M Niess, Sebastien Racinais, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Florian Pappenberger, Karsten Hollander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Daniel J Taylor, Alisa Huskey, Kelly N Kim, Sarah E Emert, Sophie Wardle-Pinkston, Alex Auerbach, John M Ruiz, Michael A Grandner, Rachel Webb, Michelle Skog, Thomas Milord
OBJECTIVES: To examine the internal consistency reliability and measurement invariance of a questionnaire battery designed to identify college student athletes at risk for mental health symptoms and disorders. METHODS: College student athletes (N=993) completed questionnaires assessing 13 mental health domains: strain, anxiety, depression, suicide and self-harm ideation, sleep, alcohol use, drug use, eating disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), gambling and psychosis...
March 6, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Camma Damsted, Jonas Bloch Thorlund, Per Hölmich, Martin Lind, Claus Varnum, Martin Dalgaard Villumsen, Mogens Strange Hansen, Søren T Skou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of early surgery versus exercise and education on mechanical symptoms and other patient-reported outcomes in patients aged 18-40 years with a meniscal tear and self-reported mechanical knee symptoms. METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial, 121 patients aged 18-40 years with a MRI-verified meniscal tear were randomised to surgery or 12-week supervised exercise and education. For this study, 63 patients (33 and 30 patients in the surgery and in the exercise group, respectively) reporting baseline mechanical symptoms were included...
March 6, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Justin C Brown, Chao Ma, Qian Shi, Donna Niedzwiecki, Tyler Zemla, Felix Couture, Philip Kuebler, Pankaj Kumar, Judith O Hopkins, Benjamin Tan, Smitha Krishnamurthi, Eileen M O'Reilly, Anthony F Shields, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt
OBJECTIVE: We determined if postoperative physical activity prevents or delays cancer recurrence in patients with stage III colon cancer. METHODS: This cohort study nested within a randomised trial enrolled 1696 patients with surgically resected stage III colon cancer. Physical activity was calculated based on self-reporting during and after chemotherapy. Patients were classified as physically active (≥9 MET-h/wk, comparable with the energy expenditure of 150 min/wk of brisk walking, consistent with the current physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors) or physically inactive (<9 MET-h/wk)...
March 6, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Kerry E Costello, David T Felson, S Reza Jafarzadeh, Ali Guermazi, Frank W Roemer, Neil A Segal, Cora E Lewis, Michael C Nevitt, Cara L Lewis, Vijaya B Kolachalama, Deepak Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To (1) develop and evaluate a machine learning model incorporating gait and physical activity to predict medial tibiofemoral cartilage worsening over 2 years in individuals without advanced knee osteoarthritis and (2) identify influential predictors in the model and quantify their effect on cartilage worsening. DESIGN: An ensemble machine learning model was developed to predict worsened cartilage MRI Osteoarthritis Knee Score at follow-up from gait, physical activity, clinical and demographic data from the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study...
March 3, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Janina Kaarre, Rebecca Simonson, Viktor Ris, Thorkell Snaebjörnsson, James J Irrgang, Volker Musahl, Kristian Samuelsson, Eric Hamrin Senorski
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with not achieving a minimal important change (MIC) in the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) Function in Sport and Recreation (Sport/Rec), and Knee-Related Quality of Life (QoL) subscales 1 year after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R). METHODS: This study used data from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Registry. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with not achieving a MIC...
March 1, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Leandro Garcia, Matthew Pearce, Ali Abbas, Alexander Mok, Tessa Strain, Sara Ali, Alessio Crippa, Paddy C Dempsey, Rajna Golubic, Paul Kelly, Yvonne Laird, Eoin McNamara, Samuel Moore, Thiago Herick de Sa, Andrea D Smith, Katrien Wijndaele, James Woodcock, Soren Brage
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dose-response associations between non-occupational physical activity and several chronic disease and mortality outcomes in the general adult population. DESIGN: Systematic review and cohort-level dose-response meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and reference lists of published studies. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Prospective cohort studies with (1) general population samples >10 000 adults, (2) ≥3 physical activity categories, and (3) risk measures and CIs for all-cause mortality or incident total cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, total cancer and site-specific cancers (head and neck, myeloid leukaemia, myeloma, gastric cardia, lung, liver, endometrium, colon, breast, bladder, rectum, oesophagus, prostate, kidney)...
February 28, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Navnit S Makaram, Iain R Murray, Andrew G Geeslin, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
OBJECTIVE: To map the current literature evaluating the diagnosis and treatment of multiligament knee injuries (MLKIs). DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews and Arksey and O'Malley frameworks were followed. A three-step search strategy identified relevant published literature comprising studies reporting on at least one aspect in the diagnosis or treatment of MLKI in adults...
February 23, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Deepak Kumar, Tuhina Neogi, Christine Peloquin, Lee Marinko, James Camarinos, Kosaku Aoyagi, David T Felson, Maureen Dubreuil
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether late versus early initiation of physical therapy (PT) was related to greater risk of future opioid use in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who receive PT. METHODS: We used Commercial and Medicare Advantage claims data from 1999 to 2018 from American adults with incident knee OA referred for PT within 1 year of diagnosis. We categorised people as opioid naïve or opioid experienced based on prior prescriptions. We examined the association of timing of PT initiation with any and chronic opioid use over 1 year...
February 23, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Adam Witten, Karen Mikkelsen, Thomas Wagenblast Mayntzhusen, Mikkel Bek Clausen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod
INTRODUCTION: There is no recognised terminology, nor diagnostic criteria, for patients with subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS). This is likely to cause heterogeneity across patient populations. This could be a driver of misconceptions and misinterpretations of scientific results. We aimed to map the literature regarding terminology and diagnostic criteria used in studies investigating SAPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2020...
February 22, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Valerie Hayes, James O Donovan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Evert Verhagen, Ingrid Vriend, Vincent Gouttebarge, Ellen Kemler, Jacqueline de Wit, Daniel Zomerdijk, Joske Nauta
OBJECTIVES: To establish the effectiveness of the 'VolleyVeilig' programme on reducing injury rate, injury burden and injury severity in youth volleyball players. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-experimental prospective study over one season of youth volleyball. After randomisation by competition region, we instructed 31 control teams (236 children, average age 12.58±1.66) to use their usual warm-up routine. The 'VolleyVeilig' programme was provided to 35 intervention teams (282 children, average age 12...
February 17, 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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