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British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30878230/spilanthes-acmella-flowers-and-painful-swelling-of-the-lips
#1
LETTER
S Mumtaz, K Ravi-Shankar, M Swati, J Thiruchelvam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30857835/a-timely-reminder-of-the-importance-of-follow-up
#2
LETTER
S Delpachitra, A Sklavos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851998/severity-and-outcome-assessment-score-a-useful-tool-for-auditing-orthognathic-surgery
#3
A Geddes, S Laverick, A McBride, G T McIntyre
Many indices and scoring systems exist for assessing skeletal patterns and malocclusion but none have been universally adopted by teams providing orthognathic surgery in the UK. Using a standardised objective measure of a patient's condition is important both for service provision, treatment allocation, and other clinical governance domains. The Severity and Outcome Assessment tool (SOA) developed by the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) and British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (BAOMS) provides a standardised method of assessing patients throughout the orthognathic pathway and lends itself to case selection, resource allocation and auditing treatment outcomes...
March 6, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30850222/social-impact-of-cleft-lip-repair-on-married-adults-an-uncommon-finding-from-a-semi-urban-african-settlement
#4
Uchenna Kelvin Omeje, Thomas Owobu, Rowland Agbara
An orofacial cleft may have an appreciable psychosocial impact on patients that could affect their social lives, including the choice of who they marry. We retrospectively reviewed the impact of repair of cleft lip on marriage in adult patients in our institution by questioning a group of patients treated from July 2009-June 2017. There were 120 adult patients who had cleft lips repaired, of whom 17 (14%) patients changed their marital status. The mean (SD) ages of the 17 were 32 (1), range 20-41, years. Five of the 17 were men, and 12 women, with a male:female ratio of 0...
March 5, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30850221/scope-for-patient-led-diagrammatic-mapping-of-facial-pain
#5
LETTER
N I Adam, E G Walshaw, L M Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30824312/two-stage-maxillary-distraction-osteogenesis-using-a-modified-external-device-clinical-outcome-and-complications
#6
Y Zheng, N Yin, Z Zhao, Y Wang, D Wu, H Li, C Jiang, H Tong, T Song
Rigid external distraction is currently used to correct severe maxillary hypoplasia. The purpose of this retrospective study was to present the clinical results and complications of a two-stage surgical approach using a modified external distraction system that consists of maxillary distraction and then maxillary fixation. We treated eight patients with cleft lip and palate in this way from 2016 to 2018. Lateral cephalograms taken before the first operation, after distraction, two weeks after the second operation, and one year after treatment were used to examine maxillofacial morphology...
February 26, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30824311/neoadjuvant-immunotherapy-is-this-the-new-induction-chemotherapy
#7
EDITORIAL
A N Kanatas, S Doumas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30808526/polish-validation-of-the-university-of-washington-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-patients-with-cancer-of-the-larynx
#8
M Kolator, B Mikuła, A Maciejczyk, T Zatoński
The University of Washington Quality of Life questionnaire version 4 (UW-QoLv4), in English, is used worldwide to assess the quality of life in patients with head and neck cancer. The use of such a questionnaire in other languages requires translation and validation in that language, and our aim was to translate it into Polish (which we did) and validate it in a group of patients diagnosed with head and neck cancer who had been considered free of disease for at least six months during routine follow-up visits to the Lower Silesian Oncology Center, Wrocław...
February 23, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30803734/communication-between-the-transverse-cervical-nerve-c2-3-and-marginal-mandibular-branch-of-the-facial-nerve-a-cadaveric-and-clinical-study
#9
P A Brennan, J Mak, K Massetti, D A Parry
Several branches of the facial nerve are known to anastomose with branches of the cervical plexus, other cranial nerves, and the trigeminal nerve. Communication between the sensory transverse cervical nerve (C2, 3) and marginal mandibular nerve is, however, less well known, and in a previous study of 86 neck dissections we reported a 2.3% incidence of anastomoses between them. In this prospective study, we meticulously searched for more examples using both formalin-fixed cadavers and neck dissections. A total of 102 necks were included (both sides of 36 cadavers (n=72 necks), and 30 patients who had neck dissection for the management of squamous cell carcinoma)...
February 22, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798980/-return-to-play-after-facial-injuries-is-it-time-for-a-consensus-view
#10
EDITORIAL
M J Fardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798979/supernumerary-teeth-in-the-bilateral-buccal-space-a-rare-case
#11
Albert Ming Hsien Lee
Supernumerary teeth are usually found in the alveolus, but may occasionally be sited in unusual places. We report a rare case of a patient who presented with two supernumerary teeth in the bilateral buccal space.
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773304/spontaneous-bilateral-osteonecrosis-of-the-mandible-in-a-bisphosphonate-naive-patient
#12
A W Sklavos, S N Delpachitra, A M Thomas, A Nastri
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is a well-described, yet poorly understood disease of bone that is commonly associated with antiresorptive and antiangiogenic drugs. We report a case of spontaneous bilateral osteonecrosis of the mandible in a patient with no previous exposure to either.
February 14, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770139/systematic-review-of-the-role-of-corticosteroids-in-cervicofacial-infections
#13
REVIEW
S Kent, A Hennedige, C McDonald, A Henry, B Dawoud, R Kulkarni, G Logan, K Gilbert, R Exely, S Basyuni, P Kyzas, R Morrison, J McCaul
The role of corticosteroids in the management of cervicofacial infections continues to cause controversy. Systemic anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects that reduce swelling and improve symptoms in the head and neck may make these agents an effective addition to the antibiotics used and to surgical management, although this same effect may dull the physiological response to infection, and allow infections to progress. We have systematically reviewed the evidence for the use of corticosteroids in common cervicofacial infections following the PRISMA guidelines...
February 12, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738622/cytoplasmic-hmgb1-and-hmgb1-beclin1-complex-are-increased-in-radioresistant-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Hyun Jin Min, Kang Duk Suh, Yang Ho Lee, Kyung Soo Kim, Seog-Kyun Mun, Sei Young Lee
Cytoplasmic high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is an autophagy regulator, and autophagy is important in the radioresistance of various solid cancers. We evaluated the degree of autophagy and cytoplasmic HMGB1 in radioresistant oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) by culturing the SCC15 and quasiliquid layer 1 (QLL1) SCC cell lines that originate from cancer of the oral tongue and a metastatic lymph node, respectively, and then delivered radiation to induce radioresistance to cells. We then compared the degree of autophagy between non-irradiated control and radioresistant cancer cells using a western blot assay...
February 6, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712958/neurosensory-issues-after-lateralisation-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-and-simultaneous-placement-of-osseointegrated-implants
#15
J M Castellano-Navarro, J J Castellano-Reyes, M Hirdina-Castilla, A Suárez-Soto, S Bocanegra-Pérez, M Vicente-Barrero
Our aim was to evaluate neurosensory symptoms after lateralisation of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). We studied a retrospective case series with one-year follow up that included 139 procedures in 123 patients. After the IAN had been located it was deflected from the mandibular body and the implant placed. Sensitivity was mapped 24hours, one month, six months, and one year after the intervention by gently pressing the skin and lips with the tip of a probe. A total of 337 implants were placed in 123 patients aged between 44 and 68 years...
January 31, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712957/intraoperative-verification-of-resection-margins-of-maxillary-malignancies-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
O Ivashchenko, B Pouw, J K de Witt, E Koudounarakis, J Nijkamp, R L P van Veen, T J M Ruers, B M Karakullukcu
Resection of maxillary cancer often results in incomplete excision because of the tumour's proximity to important structures such as the orbit. To deal with this problem we prospectively investigated the feasibility of intraoperative imaging during maxillectomy to verify the planned resection margins. In total, six patients diagnosed with maxillary cancer listed for maxillectomy were included, irrespective of the histological type of tumour. Before resection, an accurate intended resection volume was delineated on diagnostic images...
January 31, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686575/role-of-a-two-step-suture-in-the-prevention-of-postoperative-transoral-salivary-fistulas-during-reconstruction-of-the-oral-cavity
#17
Z-H Ren, K Wu, Y Wang, Z-W Tian, J-Z Hu
Transoral salivary fistulas are one of the most serious postoperative complications after operations for oral cancer, and we propose a new, two-step suture method to avoid them. From January 2005 to September 2017, 240 patients were recruited at the Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital and divided into experimental (n=89) or control (n=151) groups. The experimental group was treated by a two-step suture technique, while the control group had conventional sutures. Statistical differences were assessed using the chi squared and t tests, as appropriate...
January 24, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685182/microvascular-reconstruction-and-dental-rehabilitation-of-benign-severely-atrophic-jaws-and-defects-of-the-alveolar-ridge-our-philosophy-in-2019
#18
G B Bottini, A Gaggl, C Brandtner, J Wittig, C Steiner, C List, F Hartig
We deal regularly with patients who present with severe atrophy of the jaws, compromised soft tissue, or penetrating defects of the alveolar ridge that are not the result of malignant disease. For these patients we use microvascular bony flaps together with dental implants and implant-supported prostheses. The purpose of this retrospective study was to present our current management and the lessons we have learned over a 16-year period while treating 86 patients for these indications with 87 microvascular bone flaps...
January 23, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30678991/effect-of-antiangiogenic-targeted-chemotherapy-on-the-osseointegration-of-titanium-implants-in-rabbits
#19
B Al-Jandan
Patients with cancer have recently been treated with more advanced targeted chemotherapies that have greater specificity towards the cancer cells and fewer side effects. However, the periods of treatment take longer than those of traditional cytotoxic treatments. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of antiangiogenic targeted chemotherapy on the osseointegration of titanium implants. Fourteen white New Zealand rabbits were allocated randomly into two groups of seven: the placebo control group and the Avastin® group...
January 21, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665666/evaluating-societal-outcomes-of-orthognathic-surgery-an-innovative-application-of-the-social-return-on-investment-methodology-to-patients-after-orthognathic-treatment
#20
C Baker, P Courtney, G Knepil
Outcomes after orthognathic treatment are complex, and include improvements to mental and physical health, and psychosocial adjustments. The Social Return on Investment (SROI), a framework that is recognised by the government, explores the wider social value of interventions, but has not yet, to our knowledge, been used to measure the value of surgical procedures. To test its feasibility in a surgical setting and to begin to understand the wider nature of the changes experienced by patients after orthognathic surgery, we designed a pilot study that focused on the first two stages of the six-stage model...
January 18, 2019: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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