journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38609164/relapse-in-ocular-tuberculosis-relapse-rate-risk-factors-and-clinical-management-in-a-non-endemic-country
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ikhwanuliman Putera, Josianne C E M Ten Berge, Alberta A H J Thiadens, Willem A Dik, Rupesh Agrawal, P Martin van Hagen, Rina La Distia Nora, Saskia M Rombach
AIMS: To assess the risk of uveitis relapse in ocular tuberculosis (OTB) following clinical inactivity, to analyse clinical factors associated with relapses and to describe the management strategies for relapses. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on a 10-year patient registry of patients with OTB diagnosed at Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Time-to-relapse of uveitis was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier curve and risk factors for relapses were analysed...
April 12, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38609163/manhattan-vision-screening-and-follow-up-study-nyc-sight-a-nested-cross-sectional-assessment-of-falls-risk-within-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lisa A Hark, Yujia Wang, Prakash Gorroochurn, Phyllis R Simon, Stefania C Maruri, Desiree R Henriquez, Daniel F Diamond, Jason D Horowitz, Lisa Park, Qing Wang, James D Auran, Jailine Carrion, David S Friedman, Jeffrey L Liebmann, George A Cioffi, Noga Harizman
BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility of using the Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths and Injuries (STEADI) Falls Risk Tool Kit during community-based eye health screenings to assess falls risk of participants enrolled in the Manhattan Vision Screening and Follow-Up Study (NYC-SIGHT). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from a 5-year prospective, cluster-randomised clinical trial conducted in affordable housing developments in New York City in adults age 40 years and older...
April 12, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38609162/predictive-model-for-iris-melanoma
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arun Singh, Alexander Melendez-Moreno, Jørgen Krohn, Emily C Zabor
UNLABELLED: AimTo develop a predictive model for the diagnosis of iris melanoma. METHODS: Retrospective consecutive case series that included 100 cases of pathologically confirmed iris melanoma and 112 cases of Iris naevus, either pathological confirmation or documented stability of >1 year. Patient demographic data, features of clinical presentation, tumour characteristics and follow-up were collected. Iris melanoma with ciliary body extension was excluded. Lasso logistic regression with 10-fold cross-validation was used to select the tuning parameter...
April 12, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604622/randomised-clinical-trial-of-extended-depth-of-focus-lenses-for-controlling-myopia-progression-outcomes-from-seed-lvpei-indian-myopia-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manoj K Manoharan, Pavan K Verkicharla
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of extended depth of focus (EDOF) contact lenses for controlling myopia progression in children through a 1-year randomised clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 104 children aged 7-15 years, with spherical equivalent refraction ≤-0.50 D, were randomly assigned to wear SEED 1 dayPure EDOF Mid contact lenses (n=48) or single vision spectacle lenses (n=56). Cycloplegic refraction with Shin-Nippon open field autorefractor and axial length with Lenstar LS 900 was determined at the baseline and 12-month visits...
April 11, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604621/role-of-lens-in-early-refractive-development-evidence-from-a-large-cohort-of-chinese-children
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaotong Han, Ruilin Xiong, Ling Jin, Shuai Chang, Qianyun Chen, Decai Wang, Xiang Chen, Yabin Qu, Weijia Liu, Mingguang He, Ian Morgan, Yangfa Zeng, Yizhi Liu
AIMS: To document longitudinal changes in spherical equivalent refraction (SER) and related biometric factors during early refractive development. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of Chinese children, starting in 2018 with annual follow-ups. At each visit, children received cycloplegic autorefraction and ocular biometry measurements. Lens power (LP) was calculated using Bennett's formula. Children were divided into eight groups based on baseline age: the 3-year-old (n=426, 49...
April 10, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38604620/influencing-factors-of-effective-lens-position-in-patients-with-marfan-syndrome-and-ectopia-lentis
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xin Shen, Zexu Chen, WanNan Jia, Yalei Wang, Tianhui Chen, Yang Sun, Yongxiang Jiang
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse the effective lens position (ELP) in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) and ectopia lentis (EL). METHODS: Patients with MFS undergoing lens removal and primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were enrolled in the study. The back-calculated ELP was obtained with the vergence formula and compared with the theoretical ELPs. The back-calculated ELP and ELP error were evaluated among demographic and biometric parameters, including axial length (AL), corneal curvature radius (CCR) and white-to-white (WTW)...
April 10, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594062/diagnostic-criteria-of-anterior-segment-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-to-detect-gonioscopic-angle-closure
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Philip Yawen Guo, Xiulan Zhang, Fei Li, Chen Lin, Anwell Nguyen, Rei Sakata, Risa Higashita, Keiichiro Okamoto, Marco Yu, Makoto Aihara, Tin Aung, Shan Lin, Christopher Kai-Shun Leung
AIMS: To compare the diagnostic performance of 360° anterior segment optical coherence tomography assessment by applying normative percentile cut-offs versus iris trabecular contact (ITC) for detecting gonioscopic angle closure. METHODS: In this multicentre study, 394 healthy individuals were included in the normative dataset to derive the age-specific and angle location-specific normative percentiles of angle open distance (AOD500) and trabecular iris space area (TISA500) which were measured every 10° for 360°...
April 9, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38589209/incidence-and-analysis-of-intraoperative-complications-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-a-large-scale-cohort-study-to-establish-the-learning-curve
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaobo Zhang, Wen Xu, Xingchao Shentu, Peiqing Chen, Yibo Yu, Kairan Lai, Jiayong Li, Wei Wang, Xinyi Chen, Ke Yao
AIMS: To assess the safety of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) based on surgical parameters and intraoperative complications analysis and to determine the length of the learning curve for FLACS. METHODS: A prospective consecutive cohort study was conducted on Chinese patients who underwent either FLACS (3289 cases) or contemporaneous conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (2130 cases). The laser group was divided into four subgroups in chronological order...
April 8, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38575199/femtosecond-laser-assisted-astigmatic-keratotomy-versus-toric-iol-implantation-for-correcting-astigmatism-in-cataract-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wei-Ting Yen, Tzu-Heng Weng, Ting-Yi Lin, Ming-Cheng Tai, Yi-Hao Chen, Yu-Min Chang
AIMS: To compare the refractive and visual outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted astigmatic keratotomy (FSAK) and toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for correcting astigmatism in cataract patients. METHODS: Studies were retrieved from the Ovid-Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Scopus which compared FSAK and toric IOL for astigmatism correction in cataract patients. Outcome measures included postoperative refractive cylinder, correction index, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), the proportion of patients achieving a residual refractive cylinder of 1...
April 4, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38575198/a-practical-approach-to-uveitis-screening-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ivan Foeldvari, Marcela Bohn, Harry Petrushkin, S Angeles Han, Regitze Bangsgaard, Joan Calzada-Hernández, Tamas Constantin, Joke H de Boer, Jesus Díaz-Cascajosa, Clive Edelsten, Mia Glerup, Helene Ingels, Sebastian Kramer, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Ellen Nordal, Rotraud K Saurenmann, Gabriele Simonini, Ameenat Lola Solebo, Jan Titz, Jordi Anton
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis typically presents as a silent chronic anterior uveitis and can lead to blindness. Adherence to current screening guidelines is hampered by complex protocols which rely on the knowledge of specific JIA characteristics. The Multinational Interdisciplinary Working Group for Uveitis in Childhood identified the need to simplify screening to enable local eye care professionals (ECPs), who carry the main burden, to screen children with JIA appropriately and with confidence...
April 4, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527771/structural-and-functional-changes-of-binocular-corneal-innervation-and-ocular-surface-function-after-unilateral-smile-and-tprk
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qianwen Gong, Kaiyan Huang, Kexin Li, Yixuan Tong, Jian Zhao, Hui Wang, Zhiqiang Xu, Meng Lin, Fan Lu, Liang Hu
AIMS: To evaluate the bilateral changes in the sub-basal nerve plexus of the cornea and ocular surface function after unilateral small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK) procedures. METHODS: 34 patients were enrolled in the study and underwent unilateral SMILE (21 of 34 patients) or unilateral tPRK (13 of 34 patients). Complete ophthalmic examinations, tear film function tests and Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometry were conducted to assess the effects of the surgeries on the corneal nerves and tear function...
March 25, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527770/choriocapillaris-flow-features-in-children-with-myopic-anisometropia
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhihao Jiang, Wu Bo, Zhengfei Yang, Xiaoling Luo, Yao Ni, Junwen Zeng
AIMS: To examine differences between the eyes in choriocapillaris perfusion and choroidal thickness in children with myopic anisometropia. METHODS: In this observational and prospective study, 46 children with myopic anisometropia were enrolled. Choriocapillaris perfusion parameters, including the percentage of flow voids, the total number of flow voids and the average flow void area were obtained by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). The OCTA image was divided into a 1 mm-diameter central circle (C1) and a 2...
March 25, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38514167/real-world-application-of-a-smartphone-based-visual-acuity-test-whoeyes-with-automatic-distance-calibration
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yi Wu, Stuart Keel, Vera Lúcia Alves Carneiro, Shiran Zhang, Wei Wang, Chi Liu, Xuanzhang Tang, Xiaotong Han, Mingguang He
BACKGROUND: To develop and assess the usability of a smartphone-based visual acuity (VA) test with an automatic distance calibration (ADC) function, the iOS version of WHOeyes. METHODS: The WHOeyes was an upgraded version with a distinct feature of ADC of an existing validated VA testing app called V@home. Three groups of Chinese participants with different ages (≤20, 20-40, >40 years) were recruited for distance and near VA testing using both an Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) chart and the WHOeyes...
March 21, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38508675/icga-gpt-report-generation-and-question-answering-for-indocyanine-green-angiography-images
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaolan Chen, Weiyi Zhang, Ziwei Zhao, Pusheng Xu, Yingfeng Zheng, Danli Shi, Mingguang He
BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) is vital for diagnosing chorioretinal diseases, but its interpretation and patient communication require extensive expertise and time-consuming efforts. We aim to develop a bilingual ICGA report generation and question-answering (QA) system. METHODS: Our dataset comprised 213 129 ICGA images from 2919 participants. The system comprised two stages: image-text alignment for report generation by a multimodal transformer architecture, and large language model (LLM)-based QA with ICGA text reports and human-input questions...
March 20, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38508674/visual-acuity-and-visual-field-as-a-function-of-disease-duration-in-patients-with-birdshot-chorioretinitis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jordan Loeliger, Dominique Monnet, Jennifer Thorne, Linda Imikerene, Souhila Kecili, Antoine P Brézin
BACKGROUND: Birdshot chorioretinitis (BSCR) is a chronic bilateral posterior uveitis, which can affect central as well as peripheral vision. The aim of this study was to assess how visual acuity and visual field evolved over time in patients with BSCR. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, single-centre study based on data from the CO-BIRD cohort. Patient visits were categorised based on the time elapsed since the first symptoms, and groups of patients with different disease duration were defined...
March 20, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38503479/prevalence-of-strabismus-and-risk-factors-in-adults-born-preterm-with-and-without-retinopathy-of-prematurity-results-from-the-gutenberg-prematurity-eye-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Achim Fieß, Kim Dautzenberg, Sandra Gißler, Eva Mildenberger, Michael S Urschitz, Heike M Elflein, Panagiotis Laspas, Bernhard M Stoffelns, Norbert Pfeiffer, Alexander K Schuster
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of strabismus and nystagmus and to analyse associated factors in preterm and full-term infants in adulthood. METHODS: The Gutenberg Prematurity Eye Study is a retrospective cohort study with a prospective ophthalmological examination of participants born preterm and full-term (aged 18-52 years). Perinatal data were carefully assessed for risk factors and comprehensive ophthalmological examinations were conducted...
March 19, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38503478/evaluation-and-model-to-achieve-sex-parity-in-cataract-surgical-coverage-in-theni-district-india
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sachin Gupta, Ravilla D Ravindran, Ashok Vardhan, Thulasiraj D Ravilla
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To propose an approach to determine the target ratio of cataract surgical rates (CSRs) of female to male subpopulations to increase sex parity in cataract surgical coverage (CSC), based on the sex gap in cataract burden and incidence, and demonstrate its application to Theni district, India. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study between January 2016 and April 2018. We recruited 24 327 participants using random cluster sampling. We conducted detailed eye examinations of 7087 participants aged ≥40 years (4098 females, 2989 males)...
March 19, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38503477/one-year-efficacy-of-myopia-control-by-the-defocus-distributed-multipoint-lens-a-multicentric-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoqin Chen, Mengdi Li, Jun Li, Min Wu, Xiaonan Liu, Cui Yu, Xingyi Guo, Yanbo Wang, Yansong Wang, Wenli Lu, Lihua Li, Yan Wang
AIMS: To report the 1-year results of the efficacy of a defocus distributed multipoint (DDM) lens in controlling myopia progression in a multicentre, randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Overall, 168 children aged 6-13 years were recruited and randomly assigned to wear a DDM lens (n=84) or single-vision (SV) lens (n=84) in three centres. Cycloplegic autorefraction (spherical equivalent refraction (SER)) and axial length (AL) were measured. Linear mixed model analysis was performed to compare between-group SER and AL changes...
March 19, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38499321/acute-spontaneous-vortex-vein-occlusion-clinical-features-multimodal-imaging-and-natural-course
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kang Xue, Fengxi Meng, Hui Ren, Han Yue, Lin Jonathan He, Ruiqi Ma, Xintong Lin, Jiang Qian, Jie Guo
AIMS: To describe the clinical features, multimodal imaging, treatments and natural course of acute spontaneous vortex vein occlusion. METHODS: Clinical data were collected on nine patients with acute vortex vein occlusion. The symptoms and signs, multimodal imaging, treatments and follow-up results were summarised. RESULTS: Six patients (66.7%) were men and three (33.3%) were women. The mean age was 47.8±15.4 years. Patients were initially misdiagnosed as having choroidal tumour (66...
March 18, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38490716/long-term-outcomes-of-glued-sutureless-amniotic-membrane-transplantation-in-acute-stevens-johnson-syndrome-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-a-comparative-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ramy Rashad, James T Kwan, Swapna S Shanbhag, Panotsom Ngowyutagon, Musa Saeed, Mohammad A Tahboub, Abid Haseeb, James Chodosh, Hajirah N Saeed
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness and efficiency of a glued (sutureless) technique for amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) with a traditional sutured one in the setting of acute Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated all patients diagnosed with SJS/TEN between 2008 and 2020 within our hospital network who received AMT in the acute phase according to our protocol and had at least one ophthalmic follow-up in the chronic phase...
March 15, 2024: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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