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Archives of Disease in Childhood

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877092/long-term-medical-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-survivors
#1
Jason K Tan, Georgia Banton, Corrado Minutillo, Graham L Hall, Andrew Wilson, Conor Murray, Elizabeth A Nathan, Maureen Verheggen, James Ramsay, Naeem Samnakay, Jan Dickinson
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are increasing. The long-term outcomes of CDH survivors were compared with a healthy control group to assess the morbidity for guidance of antenatal counselling and long-term follow-up programmes. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Participants born with CDH in Western Australia 1993-2008 were eligible with matched controls from the general population. Participants had comprehensive lung function tests, echocardiogram, low-dose chest CT scan and completed a Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and quality of life (QOL) questionnaire...
March 15, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30872274/charging-undocumented-migrant-children-for-nhs-healthcare-implications-for-child-health
#2
EDITORIAL
Neal James Russell, Lisa Murphy, Laura Nellums, Jonathan Broad, Sarah Boutros, Nando Sigona, Delan Devakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30862610/new-who-guidelines-on-paediatric-mortality-and-morbidity-auditing
#3
EDITORIAL
Trevor Duke, Grace Irimu, Wilson Were
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30850380/periungual-scabies-in-infants-a-tough-reservoir-of-mites-presenting-with-lamellar-desquamation
#4
Andrea Sechi, Marco Adriano Chessa, Annalisa Patrizi, Francesco Savoia, Iria Neri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30850379/racial-disparities-in-preterm-birth-in-usa-a-biosensor-of-physical-and-social-environmental-exposures
#5
Heather H Burris, Scott A Lorch, Haresh Kirpalani, DeWayne M Pursley, Michal A Elovitz, Jane E Clougherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30850378/evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-the-2012-espghan-guideline-of-coeliac-disease-in-children-results-of-a-retrospective-study-in-the-netherlands
#6
Marjolijn Landman, Sabine D M Theuns, Herbert M van Wering, Gerdien Tramper, Marian van Ledden, Edwin Rietveld, Nico Vd Lelij, Isis Koolhoven Groeneweg, Johanna Escher, Michael Groeneweg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30842095/preschool-respiratory-hospital-admissions-following-infant-bronchiolitis-a-birth-cohort-study
#7
Helen Skirrow, Thomas Wincott, Elizabeth Cecil, Alex Bottle, Ceire Costelloe, Sonia Saxena
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis causes significant infant morbidity worldwide from hospital admissions. However, studies quantifying the subsequent respiratory burden in children under 5 years are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of subsequent respiratory hospital admissions in children under 5 years in England following bronchiolitis admission in infancy. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based birth cohort study. SETTING: Public hospitals in England...
March 6, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30833284/traumatic-brain-injury-in-young-children-with-isolated-scalp-haematoma
#8
Silvia Bressan, Amit Kochar, Ed Oakley, Meredith Borland, Natalie Phillips, Sarah Dalton, Mark D Lyttle, Stephen Hearps, John Alexander Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Stuart Dalziel, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: Despite high-quality paediatric head trauma clinical prediction rules, the management of otherwise asymptomatic young children with scalp haematomas (SH) can be difficult. We determined the risk of intracranial injury when SH is the only predictor variable using definitions from the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) and Children's Head Injury Algorithm for the Prediction of Important Clinical Events (CHALICE) head trauma rules. DESIGN: Planned secondary analysis of a multicentre prospective observational study...
March 4, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30833283/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-for-refractory-epilepsy-and-medication-refusal
#9
Caoimhe Howard, William L Macken, Ann Connolly, Maria Keegan, David Coghlan, David W Webb
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement focus largely on maintaining enteral feeding when oral feeding is no longer possible or adequate with an emphasis on nutrition and quality of life (QOL). Previous publications have also alluded to potential benefits in medication adherence, for example, in children with HIV, renal disease and neurodisability. We describe a cohort of children with refractory epilepsy who refused oral medication and in whom PEG tube placement was initiated for the purpose of drug administration...
March 4, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30824491/ethnic-specific-mortality-of-infants-undergoing-congenital-heart-surgery-in-england-and-wales
#10
Rachel L Knowles, Deborah Ridout, Sonya Crowe, Catherine Bull, Jo Wray, Jenifer Tregay, Rodney C G Franklin, David J Barron, Roger C Parslow, Katherine Brown
PURPOSE: To investigate ethnic differences in mortality for infants with congenital heart defects (CHDs) undergoing cardiac surgery or interventional catheterisation. DESIGN: Observational study of survival to age 1 year using linked records from routine national paediatric cardiac surgery and intensive care audits. Mortality risk was investigated using multivariable Poisson models with multiple imputation. Predictors included sex, ethnicity, preterm birth, deprivation, comorbidities, prenatal diagnosis, age and weight at surgery, preprocedure deterioration and cardiac diagnosis...
March 1, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30824490/congenital-left-heart-obstruction-ethnic-variation-in-incidence-and-infant-survival
#11
Elza Cloete, Lynn Sadler, Frank H Bloomfield, Sue Crengle, Teuila Percival, Thomas L Gentles
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between ethnicity and health outcomes among fetuses and infants with congenital left heart obstruction (LHO). DESIGN: A retrospective population-based review was conducted of fetuses and infants with LHO including all terminations, stillbirths and live births from 20 weeks' gestation in New Zealand over a 9-year period. Disease incidence and mortality were analysed by ethnicity and by disease type: hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), aortic arch obstruction (AAO), and aortic valve and supravalvular anomalies (AVSA)...
March 1, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804007/vitamin-d-supplementation-are-multivitamins-sufficient
#12
Rebecca J Moon, Elizabeth M Curtis, Cyrus Cooper, Justin H Davies, Nicholas C Harvey
BACKGROUND: Public Health England advises 400 IU/day vitamin D supplementation for children over 1 year. Commercially available children's multivitamin and vitamin D supplements were surveyed to determine the vitamin D content. METHODS: Multivitamins and vitamin D supplements marketed at children <12 years and sold by nine UK supermarkets and health supplement retailers were surveyed. Vitamin D content was determined from manufacturer's websites and product packaging...
February 25, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798259/theophylline-and-aminophylline-for-prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neonates-and-children-a-systematic-review
#13
Girish Chandra Bhatt, Priya Gogia, Martin Bitzan, Rashmi Ranjan Das
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of theophylline or aminophylline for prevention of acute kidney injury (AKI) in neonates and children. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis with application of Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. DATA SOURCES: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar and Cochrane renal group were searched from 1970 to May 2018. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised clinical trials and quasi-randomised trials comparing the efficacy and safety of prophylactic theophylline or aminophylline for prevention of AKI in neonates and children were included...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798258/pathways-to-inequalities-in-child-health
#14
REVIEW
Anna Pearce, Ruth Dundas, Margaret Whitehead, David Taylor-Robinson
From birth, children living in disadvantaged socioeconomic circumstances (SECs) suffer from worse health than their more advantaged peers. The pathways through which SECs influence children's health are complex and inter-related, but in general are driven by differences in the distribution of power and resources that determine the economic, material and psychosocial conditions in which children grow up. A better understanding of why children from more disadvantaged backgrounds have worse health and how interventions work, for whom and in what contexts, will help to reduce these unfair differences...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798257/reclaiming-the-systems-approach-to-paediatric-safety
#15
Ronny Cheung, Damian Roland, Peter Lachman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798256/no-association-between-abdominal-pain-and-dientamoeba-in-dutch-and-belgian-children
#16
Martijn Ramon Brands, Els Van de Vijver, Sjoukje Marije Haisma, Anke Heida, Patrick Ferry van Rheenen
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between Dientamoebafragilis colonisation and faecal calprotectin to see whether the parasite is a harmless commensal or a gut pathogen. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of previously collected stool samples. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Two hundred stool samples originated from children aged 5-19 years with chronic abdominal pain and diarrhoea, who were seen in paediatric clinics in the Netherlands and Belgium and in whom somatic gastrointestinal disorders were excluded...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798255/epidemiology-of-paediatric-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-in-australia
#17
Sarah Knight, Shane Elders, Jill Rodda, Adrienne Harvey, Lionel Lubitz, Kathy Rowe, Colette Reveley, Sabine Hennel, Susan Towns, Kasia Kozlowska, Donald N Payne, Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik, Adam Scheinberg
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the paediatrician-diagnosed incidence of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in Australia, and describe demographic and clinical features, as well as approaches to diagnosis and management. METHODS: The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit facilitates monthly national surveillance of uncommon conditions seen by paediatricians. Data from young people aged <18 years diagnosed with CFS were collected. Incidence was estimated based on new cases reported from April 2015 to April 2016...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30796020/persistence-of-pneumococcal-antibodies-after-primary-immunisation-with-a-polysaccharide-protein-conjugate-vaccine
#18
Petra Zimmermann, Kirsten P Perrett, Guy Berbers, Nigel Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Despite immunisation, antibiotics and intensive care management, infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The WHO currently recommends vaccinating infants with either a 3+0 schedule (6 weeks, 3-4 and 4-6 months of age) or 2+1 schedule (2 doses before 6 months of age, plus a booster dose at 9-15 months of age). This study investigated pneumococcal antibody responses, including persistence of antibodies, after immunisation of healthy infants with a 3+0 schedule...
February 22, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30792181/air-pollution-and-autism
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30792180/screentime-and-child-health
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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