journal

Archives of Disease in Childhood

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31941715/adolescents-with-chronic-disease-and-social-media-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Laura De Nardi, Andrea Trombetta, Sergio Ghirardo, Maria Rita Lucia Genovese, Egidio Barbi, Valentina Taucar
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the attitude of adolescents with chronic diseases toward social media exposure, focusing in particular on Facebook. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: An anonymous semistructured survey was distributed to an Italian hospital-based cohort of adolescents with chronic disease to explore the role of Facebook in their daily life. PATIENTS: We recruited 212 adolescents (aged between 13 and 24 years) with a diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease, coeliac disease, diabetes mellitus type 1 and cystic fibrosis...
January 15, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31937571/effects-of-consultant-residence-out-of-hours-on-acute-paediatric-admissions
#2
Robert Scott-Jupp, Emily Carter, Nick Brown
Acute paediatric units require round-the-clock skilled resident medical cover. Fully trained doctors remaining resident on-site at night and weekends may improve care at these times, but costs are higher. In compensation, more senior doctors may be less likely to admit children. METHODS: In a unit providing 24-hour, 7-day acute services, out-of-hours resident cover has been divided between level 2/3 trainees and consultants. Between 2007 and 2017, night and weekend day shifts were identified as resident consultant or non-resident consultant...
January 14, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31937570/patterns-of-long-term-adhd-medication-use-in-australian-children
#3
Daryl Efron, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras, Harriet Hiscock, Stephen Hearps, David Coghill
OBJECTIVE: Adherence to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication treatment is often suboptimal. This can compromise patient outcomes. We aimed to describe the patterns of ADHD medication use in Australian children, and characteristics associated with patterns of use. DESIGN: Dispensing data were analysed for all redeemed prescriptions of methylphenidate, dexamphetamine and atomoxetine between May 2002 and March 2015 from waves 1 to 6 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n=4634, age 4-5 years at wave 1)...
January 14, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31937569/consent-for-babies-born-following-surrogate-pregnancies
#4
Heather Sharon Hodgson, Abigail Nye, Fiona Finlay
Surrogate pregnancies are becoming more common, but the law governing who can give consent following surrogate births is complex. Parental responsibility (PR) may be held by a variety of individuals, depending on the specific circumstances.We conducted a survey of paediatric medical staff within Health Education South West to establish knowledge regarding consent for a baby before a parental or adoption order is obtained. Our results showed that 19% of the 47 respondents answered all scenarios correctly. 43% of respondents knew that the surrogate mother had PR in all scenarios; however, 13% incorrectly assumed that either intended parent always had PR...
January 14, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31937568/temporal-trends-in-incidence-of-rolandic-epilepsy-prevalence-of-comorbidities-and-prescribing-trends-birth-cohort-study
#5
Jacqueline Stephen, Christopher J Weir, Richard Fm Chin
OBJECTIVE: To examine temporal trends in incidence of Rolandic epilepsy (RE), prevalence of comorbidities and antiepileptic drug (AED) prescribing patterns. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The UK. PATIENTS: Children aged 0-16 years born 1994-2012 were followed from birth until September 2017, transfer to another general practitioner practice or death or practice withdrawal from The Health Improvement Network (THIN), whichever occurred first...
January 14, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31937567/children-and-young-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-attend-less-school-than-their-healthy-peers
#6
Claire Barnes, James John Ashton, Florina Borca, Mick Cullen, Dawn-Marie Walker, Robert Mark Beattie
OBJECTIVE: Chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), can impact negatively on education and social development. Examining the impact of IBD on school/college attendance for children and young people (CYP) is vital to provide targeted support to patients, families and schools. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey to determine the school/college attendance rates, the reasons for absence related to IBD and facilitators or barriers to school/college attendance...
January 14, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31932288/what-s-not-being-said
#7
Bob Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31907176/correction-paediatric-horner-s-syndrome-is-investigation-for-underlying-malignancy-always-required
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31900252/secondary-syphilis-presenting-as-oral-ulcers
#9
Abheek Sil, Dibyendu Bikash Bhanja, Avik Panigrahi, Satarupa Mondal, Sayantani Chakraborty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31900251/investigation-and-management-of-hypocalcaemia
#10
REVIEW
Ruchi Nadar, Nick Shaw
Hypocalcaemia is a common clinical scenario in children with a range of aetiological causes. It will often present with common symptoms but may occasionally be identified in an asymptomatic child. An understanding of the physiological regulation of plasma calcium is important in understanding the potential cause of hypocalcaemia and its appropriate management. The age of presentation will influence the likely differential diagnosis. We have presented a stepwise approach to the investigation of hypocalcaemia dependent on the circulating serum parathyroid hormone level at the time of presentation...
January 3, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31900250/simple-strategies-for-methicillin-resistant-staphlococcus-aureus-mrsa-infection
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31900249/benzodiazepine-refractory-status-epilepticus
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2020: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31871045/higher-oxygen-saturation-with-hydroxyurea-in-paediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#13
Lisa van Geyzel, Michele Arigliani, Baba Inusa, Bethany Singh, Wanda Kozlowska, Subarna Chakravorty, Cara J Bossley, Gary Ruiz, David Rees, Atul Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common inherited diseases worldwide. It is associated with lifelong morbidity and reduced life expectancy. Hydroxyurea (HU) has been shown to reduce the frequency and severity of vaso-occlusive episodes in SCD. Hypoxaemia and intermittent nocturnal oxygen desaturations occur frequently in children with SCD and contribute to the associated morbidity, including risk of cerebrovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of HU on oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) overnight and on daytime SpO2 spot checks in children with SCD...
December 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31871044/contact-burns-the-influence-of-agents-and-mechanisms-of-injury-on-anatomical-burn-locations-in-children-5-years-old-and-associations-with-child-protection-referrals
#14
Assim Ali Javaid, Verity Bennett, Linda Hollén, Alison Mary Kemp
OBJECTIVE: To identify how causative agents and mechanisms of injury influence the location of an accidental contact burn in children and whether these factors differ in cases referred for child protection (CP) assessment. DESIGN: Prospective multicentre cross-sectional study. SETTING: 20 hospital sites across England and Wales, including: emergency departments, minor injury units and regional burn units. PATIENTS: Children less than 5 years old who attended hospital for a contact burn (August 2015 to September 2018)...
December 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31871043/vaccine-derived-rotavirus-strains-in-infants-in-england
#15
Charlotte Mary Gower, Jake Dunning, Sameena Nawaz, David Allen, Mary Elizabeth Ramsay, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVE: To describe infants with acute gastroenteritis symptoms in primary and secondary care who have the Rotarix vaccine-derived G1P[8] rotavirus strain identified in their stools. DESIGN: This is a prospective national surveillance conducted by Public Health England (PHE). Rotavirus-positive samples from vaccine-eligible children are routinely submitted to PHE for confirmation, and general practitioners are requested to complete a surveillance questionnaire for all cases...
December 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31871042/compatibility-of-pentoxifylline-and-parenteral-medications
#16
Anna L Campbell, Michael Petrovski, Smdk Ganga Senarathna, Nabeelah Mukadam, Tobias Strunk, Kevin T Batty
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the physical and chemical compatibility of pentoxifylline (PTX) with a range of parenteral medications used in neonatal intensive care. DESIGN: PTX and drug solutions were combined in glass vials, inspected for physical incompatibility and evaluated on the basis of PTX concentrations for chemical compatibility. RESULTS: No precipitation, colour change or turbidity was observed in any of the test mixtures. The PTX concentration was approximately 5...
December 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31871041/if-it-s-only-asthma-why-are-children-still-dying
#17
REVIEW
Will Carroll, Sadie Clayton, Susan Frost, Atul Gupta, Steve Holmes, Prasad Nagakumar, Mark Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31862699/effect-of-oxandrolone-and-timing-of-pubertal-induction-on-final-height-in-turner-syndrome-final-analysis-of-the-uk-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Emma Jane Gault, Tim J Cole, Sarah Casey, Peter C Hindmarsh, Peter Betts, David B Dunger, Malcolm D C Donaldson
The UK Turner syndrome (TS) study examined the effect on final height of oxandrolone 0.05 mg/kg/day (maximum dose 2.5 mg) versus placebo from 9 years of age; and delaying ethinylestradiol induction of puberty by 2 years from 12 (E12) to 14 (E14) years in growth hormone-treated girls with TS. The study ran from 1999 to 2013. By 2011, eighty-two of 92 participants had reached final height and an interim analysis using the Super-Imposition by Translation And Rotation model showed significant increases in final height with both oxandrolone and E14...
December 20, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31862698/early-life-exposure-to-coal-mine-fire-and-tobacco-smoke-affect-subclinical-vascular-function
#19
Bing Zhao, Fay H Johnston, Tierney O'Sullivan, Grant J Williamson, Shannon Melody, Marita Dalton, Alison Venn, Kazuaki Negishi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether vascular health in young children was associated with exposure to a 6-week episode of coal mine fire smoke or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Three years after a coal mine fire in Victoria, Australia, we investigated the vascular health of children either in utero (n=75) or aged <2 years (postnatal exposure, n=96) at the time of the fire. The outcomes were the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
December 20, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31862697/hypoglycaemia-in-patients-with-type-1-sma-an-underdiagnosed-problem
#20
LETTER
Beatrice Berti, Roberta Onesimo, Daniela Leone, Concetta Palermo, Valentina Giorgio, Danilo Buonsenso, Marika Pane, Eugenio Mercuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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