journal

Archives of Disease in Childhood

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31699683/an-ecological-framework-for-improving-child-and-adolescent-health
#1
REVIEW
Chris Bem, Neil Small
The rise in non-communicable disease as a principal cause of premature mortality and a continuing failure to address health inequalities requires a critical examination of prevailing paradigms in health. In this paper, we offer ecology as an alternative way to view health need and as a guide to action to enhance human health and model a healthy economy. After describing the shortcomings of the prevailing biophysical approach to health, we describe an ecological approach to health that brings to the forefront social and environmental determinants and empowers health workers together with their communities to achieve a health-affirming society and economy...
November 7, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31699682/is-use-of-ibuprofen-safe-in-children-with-signs-and-symptoms-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infection
#2
Kate Skehin, Andrew Thompson, Paul Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31694806/putting-two-toes-out-of-line%C3%A2-mirror-image-accessory-toes-in-female-monozygotic-twins
#3
Deirdre J Foley, Brendan Paul Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31694805/telehealth-spirometry-for-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#4
Karla Logie, Liam Welsh, Sarath C Ranganathan
AIM: We assessed the feasibility of telehealth spirometry assessments for children with cystic fibrosis (CF) living in a regional setting. METHOD: Patients with acceptable computer hardware at home were provided with a SpiroUSB (Vyaire) spirometer. Spirometry was performed during 'home admissions' or for ongoing home monitoring in children living outside metropolitan Melbourne. At the end of the session, the family forwarded the data to the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne...
November 6, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31690548/individual-participant-data-validation-of-the-picnicc-prediction-model-for-febrile-neutropenia
#5
Bob Phillips, Jessica Elizabeth Morgan, Gabrielle M Haeusler, Richard D Riley
BACKGROUND: Risk-stratified approaches to managing cancer therapies and their consequent complications rely on accurate predictions to work effectively. The risk-stratified management of fever with neutropenia is one such very common area of management in paediatric practice. Such rules are frequently produced and promoted without adequate confirmation of their accuracy. METHODS: An individual participant data meta-analytic validation of the 'Predicting Infectious ComplicatioNs In Children with Cancer' (PICNICC) prediction model for microbiologically documented infection in paediatric fever with neutropenia was undertaken...
November 5, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31678929/early-onset-sepsis-can-we-screen-fewer-babies-safely
#6
Julian Eason, Hope Ward, Olha Danko, Kerrie Richardson, Rima Vaitkute, Roisin McKeon-Carter
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2-3 years at the Southwest Peninsula tertiary neonatal unit in Plymouth, the authors have observed an increase in the number of clinically well term infants being screened and treated with antibiotics for infection in accordance with NICE guidance. The aim of our study was to assess the safety of implementing the Kaiser Permanente Early Onset Sepsis (KPEOS) calculator to minimise antibiotic usage in term infants in line with antimicrobial stewardship, reducing separation from mother at birth and facilitating earlier discharge...
November 2, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31676553/anthropometric-measures-that-identify-premature-and-low-birth-weight-newborns-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-with-community-follow-up
#7
Netsanet Workneh Gidi, Melkamu Berhane, Tsinuel Girma, Alemseged Abdissa, Ruth Lim, Katherine Lee, Cattram Nguyen, Fiona Russell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate foot length (FL), chest circumference (CHC) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) as predictors of low birth weight (LBW) or prematurity, and to describe the agreement between the gestational age (GA) assessments ascertained by the New Ballard Score (NBS) and the Eregie model. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study with community follow-up in a subset was conducted in Jimma University Medical Center, Ethiopia. GA (NBS and Eregie model), weight, FL, CHC and MUAC were measured at birth...
November 1, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31672694/more-on-obesity-physical-education-for-all
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31672693/scarlet-fever-the-value-of-microbiological-global-surveillance
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31666245/contextual-and-socioeconomic-variation-in-early-motor-and-language-development
#10
Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy, Aisha Yousafzai
OBJECTIVE: To compare early motor and language development of children <3 years of age growing up in high-income and low-income contexts. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We analysed differences in motor and language skills across study sites in Cambodia, Chile, Ghana, Guatemala, Lebanon, Pakistan, the Philippines and the USA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Cognitive and language development assessed with the Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments (CREDI) tool...
October 30, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31666244/behavioural-difficulties-in-early-childhood-and-risk-of-adolescent-injury
#11
Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Karen Tingay, Ashley Akbari, Lucy Griffiths, Helen Bedford, Mario Cortina-Borja, Suzanne Walton, Carol Dezateux, Ronan A Lyons, Sinead Brophy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term associations between early childhood hyperactivity and conduct problems (CP), measured using Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and risk of injury in early adolescence. DESIGN: Data linkage between a longitudinal birth cohort and routinely collected electronic health records. SETTING: Consenting Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) participants residing in Wales and Scotland. PATIENTS: 3119 children who participated in the age 5 MCS interview...
October 30, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31666243/genetic-characterisation-of-22q11-2-variations-and-prevalence-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Hai-Tao Hou, Huan-Xin Chen, Xiu-Li Wang, Chao Yuan, Qin Yang, Zhi-Gang Liu, Guo-Wei He
OBJECTIVES: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is considered the most frequent chromosomal microdeletion syndrome in humans and the second leading chromosomal cause of congenital heart disease (CHD). We aimed to identify the prevalence and the detailed genetic characterisation of 22q11.2 region in children with CHD including simple defects and to explore the genotype-phenotype relationship between deletion/amplification type and clinical data. METHODS: Patients with CHD for surgery were screened by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and capillary electrophoresis methods...
October 30, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31666242/potentially-preventable-hospitalisations-in-children-a-comparison-of-definitions
#13
Alexandra M Procter, Rhiannon M Pilkington, John W Lynch, Lisa G Smithers, Catherine R Chittleborough
OBJECTIVE: To compare admission rate, cumulative incidence and social distribution of potentially preventable hospitalisations (PPHs) among children according to the current Australian adult definition, and the child definition developed in New Zealand. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Deidentified, linked public hospital, births registry and perinatal data of children aged 0-10 years born 2002-2012 in South Australia (n=1 91 742). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: PPH admission rates among 0-10 year olds and cumulative incidence by age 5 under the adult and child definitions...
October 30, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31666241/initiatives-to-reduce-treatments-in-bronchiolitis-in-the-emergency-department-and-primary-care
#14
Marta Montejo, Natalia Paniagua, Carlos Saiz-Hernando, Lorea Martinez-Indart, Santiago Mintegi, Javier Benito
We performed a quality improvement initiative to reduce unnecessary treatments for acute bronchiolitis (AB) in primary care (PC) and the referral paediatric emergency department (ED). The quality improvement initiative involved two seasons: 2016-2017 (preintervention) and 2017-2018 (postintervention). We distributed an evidence-based protocol, informative posters and badges with the slogan 'Bronchiolitis, less is more'. We also held interactive sessions, and paediatricians received weekly reports on bronchodilator prescription...
October 30, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31666240/reaching-the-unreached-mobile-health-teams-in-conflict-settings
#15
EDITORIAL
Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31653617/are-macrolides-beneficial-in-treating-childhood-asthma
#16
Rama Lakshman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31653616/accelerating-diagnosis-for-childhood-brain-tumours-an-analysis-of-the-headsmart-uk-population-data
#17
Dhurgshaarna Shanmugavadivel, Jo-Fen Liu, Laura Murphy, Sophie Wilne, David Walker
BACKGROUND: HeadSmart, a public and professional awareness campaign, was launched to enhance awareness of brain tumour symptomatology identified in the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence-accredited guideline. Quality improvement data showed a reduction in diagnostic interval nationally. To reach the government target of 4 weeks, we need to identify subgroups with ongoing delays. METHODS: Incident cases of brain tumours (0-18) diagnosed between January 2011 and May 2013 across 18 UK centres were included...
October 25, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31630118/subdural-and-subarachnoid-empyema-as-a-complication-of-an-acute-meningococcal-meningitis
#18
Gonzalo Solís-García, Juan Vicente Darriba Valles, Oscar Lucas Gil de Sagredo Del Corral, María Vázquez López, Alejandra Aguado, Jesús Saavedra-Lozano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31628107/kawasaki-disease-origins-and-evolution
#19
Ranjev Kainth, Priyen Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31624061/duration-of-initial-antibiotic-course-is-associated-with-recurrent-relapse-in-protracted-bacterial-bronchitis
#20
Ellen Gross-Hodge, Will D Carroll, Naomi Rainford, Carrol Gamble, Francis J Gilchrist
Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) is the leading cause of chronic wet cough in young children from developed countries. Despite its high prevalence there is a paucity of evidence to inform the optimal duration of treatment leading to variation in practice. Relapse of chronic cough is common and recurrent PBB (>3 episodes in 12 months) is associated with a future diagnosis of bronchiectasis. We investigated the factors associated with any relapse (≥1 episode in 12 months) and recurrent PBB in 66 children...
October 17, 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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