journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32956175/is-there-color-or-gender-behind-the-mask-and-sterile-blue-examining-gender-and-racial-demographics-within-academic-surgery
#1
Adeeti Aggarwal, Claire B Rosen, Ariel Nehemiah, Ivy Maina, Rachel R Kelz, Cary B Aarons, Sanford E Roberts
BACKGROUND: The lack of underrepresented minorities (URM) has been a persistent issue within the surgical workforce. Equal gender representation has also been a problem in surgery. URM females face the unique challenge of being a minority in both race and gender. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective cross-sectional study is to determine the racial and gender demographics of medical trainees and faculty and determine the degree to which minority women are underrepresented at higher ranks and leadership...
September 18, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32956174/ethical-centralization-of-high-risk-surgery-requires-racial-and-economic-justice
#2
Charles E Binkley, David S Kemp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32956173/let-us-not-be-silent
#3
Valeria Valbuena, Ryan Howard, Sidra Bonner, Justin Dimick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941290/comment-on-development-and-evaluation-of-a-novel-instrument-to-measure-severity-of-intraoperative-events-using-video-data
#4
Xin Wang, Ziyao Wang, Bing Peng, Nengwen Ke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941289/critical-considerations-for-reopening-scheduled-surgical-care-in-the-setting-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-framework-for-implementation
#5
Christy E Cauley, Rachel Smith, Keith D Lillemoe, Gerard M Doherty, L Scott Levin, Steven D Wexner, Yves Sonnay, Mary Brindle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941288/comment-on-minimally-invasive-donor-hepatectomy-for-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#6
Sandeep K Jha, Abhideep Chaudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941287/the-role-of-race-and-gender-in-the-career-experiences-of-black-african-american-academic-surgeons-a-survey-of-the-society-of-black-academic-surgeons-and-a-call-to-action
#7
Angelena Crown, Cherisse Berry, Dineo Khabele, Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Adrienne Cobb, Leah Backhus, Randi Smith, Raeshelle Sweeting, Rian Hasson, Crystal Johnson-Mann, Tawakalitu Oseni, Erika A Newman, Patricia Turner, Martin Karpeh, Carla Pugh, Andrea Hayes Jordan, Ronda Henry-Tillman, Kathie-Ann Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of race and gender in the career experience of Black/AA academic surgeons and to quantify the prevalence of experience with racial and gender bias stratified by gender. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Compared to their male counterparts, Black/African American (AA) women remain significantly underrepresented among senior surgical faculty and department leadership. The impact of racial and gender bias on the academic and professional trajectory of Black/AA women surgeons has not been well-studied...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941286/alternative-strategies-for-evaluating-general-surgery-residency-applicants-and-an-interview-limit-for-match-2021-an-impending-necessity
#8
Aashish Rajesh, Malke Asaad
: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unique challenges for evaluating general surgery residency applicants to MATCH 2021. In the absence of away rotations, programs are likely to afford greater importance to objective data to stratify the applicant pool and medical students are likely to experience difficulty in thoroughly assessing each program. Virtual rotations, meet-and-greet events conducted before the application submission deadline, personality testing prior to extending interviews, standardized letters of recommendation, and skills testing can serve as valuable adjuncts for determining the best applicant-program fit...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941285/robot-assisted-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-with-immediate-breast-reconstruction-an-initial-experience-of-the-korea-robot-endoscopy-minimal-access-breast-surgery-study-group-korea-bsg
#9
Jai Min Ryu, Jee Ye Kim, Hee Jun Choi, Beom Seok Ko, Jisun Kim, Jihyoung Cho, Moo Hyun Lee, Jung Eun Choi, Joo Heung Kim, Jeea Lee, Sung Mi Jung, Hyuk-Jae Shin, Jeeyeon Lee, Hyung Seok Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present the results of early experience of RANSM. BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (RANSM) improves cosmetic outcomes over conventional nipple-sparing mastectomy (CNSM). However, data on the feasibility and safety of the RANSM are limited. METHODS: Patients who underwent RANSM with immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) as part of the Korea Robot-Endoscopy & Minimal Access Breast Surgery Study Group (KoREa-BSG) from November 2016 to January 2020 were enrolled...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941284/under-employment-of-female-surgeons
#10
Ya-Wen Chen, Maggie L Westfal, David C Chang, Cassandra M Kelleher
OBJECTIVE: To compare the complexity of operations performed by female versus male surgeons. BACKGROUND: Prior literature has suggested that female surgeons are relatively under-employed when compared to male surgeons, with regards to operative case volume and specialization. METHODS: Operative case records from a large academic medical center from 1997 to 2018 were evaluated. The primary end point was wRVU for each case with a secondary end point of total wRVU per month for each surgeon...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941283/economic-case-for-scale-up-of-the-who-surgical-safety-checklist-at-the-national-level-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Michelle C White, Andrew J M Leather, Nick Sevdalis, Andy Healey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the economic case for nationwide scale-up of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Surgical Safety Checklist using cost-effectiveness and benefit-cost analyses. BACKGROUND: The Checklist improves surgical outcomes but the economic case for widespread use remains uncertain. For perioperative quality improvement interventions to compete successfully against other worthwhile health and non-health interventions for limited government resources they must demonstrate cost-effectiveness and positive societal benefit...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941282/comment-on-outcomes-following-an-index-emergency-admission-with-cholecystitis-a-national-cohort-study-1
#12
Stuart Mercer, Benjamin Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941281/ensuring-equal-access-to-mentorship-and-sponsorship-for-surgeons-through-structured-team-based-mentoring
#13
Lesly A Dossett, Jennifer F Waljee, Justin B Dimick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941280/transcarotid-revascularization-with-dynamic-flow-reversal-versus-carotid-endarterectomy-in-the-vascular-quality-initiative-surveillance-project
#14
Mahmoud B Malas, Hanaa Dakour-Aridi, Vikram S Kashyap, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Grace J Wang, Raghu L Motaganahalli, Jack L Cronenwett, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of TransCarotid Artery Revascularization with flow reversal (TCAR) to the gold standard carotid endarterectomy (CEA) using data from the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative TCAR Surveillance Project. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: TCAR is a novel minimally invasive procedure for carotid revascularization in high-risk patients that is associated with significantly lower stroke rates compared with carotid artery stenting via the transfemoral approach...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941279/mri-diagnosed-tumour-deposits-and-emvi-status-have-superior-prognostic-accuracy-to-current-clinical-tnm-staging-in-rectal-cancer
#15
Amy C Lord, Nigel DʼSouza, Annabel Shaw, Zena Rokan, Brendan Moran, Muti Abulafi, Shahnawaz Rasheed, Anuradha Chandramohan, Alison Corr, Ian Chau, Gina Brown
BACKGROUND DATA: MRI assessment of rectal cancer not only assesses tumour depth and surgical resectability but also extramural disease which affects prognosis. We have observed that non-nodal tumour nodules (tumour deposits; mrTDs) have a distinct MRI appearance compared to lymph node metastases (mrLNMs). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether mrTDs and mrLNMs have different prognostic implications and compare these to other known prognostic markers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 233 patients undergoing resection for rectal cancer from January 2007-October 2015...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941278/looking-beyond-the-horizon-patient-specific-rehearsals-for-complex-liver-surgeries-with-3d-printed-model
#16
Koji Tomiyama, Ahmed Ghazi, Roberto Hernandez Alejandro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941277/the-association-between-symptoms-and-covid-19-test-results-among-healthcare-workers
#17
Chana A Sacks, Michael Dougan, Thomas H McCoy, Amy Zheng, Giancarlo Buonomo, Crystal M North, Joshua P Metlay, Rochelle P Walensky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941276/reducing-moral-distress-in-the-setting-of-a-public-health-crisis
#18
Jason P Sulkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941275/comprehensive-analysis-of-multiple-primary-cancers-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-undergoing-esophagectomy
#19
Naoya Yoshida, Kojiro Eto, Junji Kurashige, Daisuke Izumi, Hiroshi Sawayama, Tomo Horinouchi, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yoshifumi Baba, Yuji Miyamoto, Hideo Baba
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the latest epidemiology and risk factors for multiple primary cancers (MPCs), and the association between neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and postoperative metachronous cancer (PMC) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who underwent esophagectomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Background data to derive appropriate screening strategies are insufficient. METHODS: This study consisted of three retrospective investigations...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32941274/fate-of-patients-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-pancreas-after-resection-according-to-the-pathology-and-margin-status-continuously-increasing-risk-of-recurrence-even-after-curative-resection-suggesting-necessity-of-lifetime-surveillance
#20
Hyeong Seok Kim, Youngmin Han, Jae Seung Kang, Yoo Jin Choi, Yoonhyeong Byun, Haeryoung Kim, Kyung Bun Lee, Hongbeom Kim, Wooil Kwon, Jin-Young Jang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the associated factors and prognosis according to pathology and margin after surgical resection of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN). BACKGROUND: There is limited information on recurrence patterns according to pathology and margin in IPMN. METHODS: Total 577 patients who underwent operation for IPMN at a tertiary center were included. Factors associated with recurrence, survival and recurrence outcomes according to pathology and margin were analyzed...
September 15, 2020: Annals of Surgery
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