Journals Annals of Otology, Rhinology, ...

Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Yourka D Tchoukalova, Tanya N Phung, Maeve M Kennedy, Danielle Miranda-Grandjean, Emanuel Becquer, Longwen Chen, Nan Zhang, Valentin Dinu, Melissa A Wilson, David G Lott
OBJECTIVES: Gain insights into the pathophysiology of idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS) by investigating differences in transcriptome of subglottic mucosal tissue between patients with iSGS and controls, and between tracheal and subglottic tissue within patients. METHODS: RNA sequencing was conducted on biopsied mucosal samples collected from subglottic and tracheal (in-patient control) regions in iSGS patients, and from subglottis in controls. The gene expression differences were validated on a protein level by (1) staining the tissue samples obtained from a second cohort of patients and controls; and (2) in vitro functional assays using primary subglottic epithelial cells from both iSGS patients and healthy donors...
September 22, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Max Feng, WayAnne Watson, Gabriel Arom, Benjamin Damazo, Priya Krishna
OBJECTIVE: The Montgomery T-tube is a commonly used device initially designed as a temporary airway stent, but also used as a long-term airway solution for stenosis. For patients undergoing either endoscopic or open airway procedures, proper techniques for inserting these tubes are well documented. This review compiles the techniques used for insertion of the Montgomery T-tube stent. METHODS: The NCBI Pubmed database was queried using the keywords: "stent," "Montgomery," "T-tube," "stenosis," "technique...
September 14, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Sherif Hamdeno Youssif, Fawzy Ahmed Hamza, Mohamed Ali Abdelaziz, Mahmoud Abdel Fattah Nasef, Ahmed Moustafa Omran, Wael F Ismaiel, Ahmed A M Ibrahim, Mahmoud E Alsobky, Ahmed H Abdelazim, Ahmed Mohamed El-Shiekh, Amr Hamdino Youssef, Mohamed A Alghamdi, Sabry Habashi Hafez Issa, Mohamed H Abdelazim
BACKGROUND: The defects of the upper third of the auricle are considered significant reconstructive challenges, as they require frequent operations with a high risk of morbidity at the donor site and result in unacceptable cosmetic abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: Is to perform the reconstruction of a full-thickness auricular defect located in the upper third of the ear using a conchal cartilage graft with postauricular flap coverage, aiming to minimize both donor and recipient morbidity...
September 9, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Fulya Yaprak, Istemihan Coban, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Cenk Eraslan, Figen Govsa
OBJECTIVE: Variations in the upper attachment of the uncinate process (UP) are important because they can affect frontal sinus drainage and change the morphology. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the primary technique used to treat chronic medically refractory rhinosinusitis. Uncinectomy is the basis of FESS technique to obtain the best possible result from surgery. The anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) enters the nasal cavity through the orbital medial wall (lamina papyracea) may also be affected by the upper attachment of the UP...
August 22, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Caroline Dundervill, Zayd Al-Asadi, John Behnke, Parker Tumlin, Rafka Chaiban, Hassan H Ramadan, Chadi A Makary
OBJECTIVES: To identify the differences in the impact of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) between female and male adolescent patients at presentation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS: Adolescent patients, age 12 to 18 years old, presenting to our Otolaryngology clinic between August 2020 and April 2023 for CRS were asked to fill both the SNOT-22 and the SN5 forms. Female and male cohorts were compared regarding their demographics, comorbidities, subjective and objective disease measurements, and choice of treatment...
August 22, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Alan J Gray, Matthew R Hoffman, Zao M Yang, Beau Vandiver, Joshua Purvis, Jake P Morgan, Edie R Hapner, Laura Dominguez, Kathleen Tibbetts, C Blake Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) block consists of injection of steroid and anesthetic at the internal branch of the SLN entry site. Prior case series have demonstrated beneficial effects on neurogenic cough. SLN blocks have also recently shown benefit for paralaryngeal pain. We describe short-term outcomes for multiple symptoms of irritable larynx syndrome (ILS) including neurogenic cough, dysphonia related to laryngeal hypersensitivity, inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO), paralaryngeal pain, and isolated globus...
August 22, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Yachao Liu, Ruili Wei, Yongqing Ding, Yanping Li, Yunchao Xin, Dong Li
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the graft outcomes of endoscopic perichondrium-cartilage myringoplasty with preserving of anterior margins for repairing anterior perforation with 3 year followup. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study in 47 patients with anterior perforation who underwent perichondrium-cartilage myringoplasty with preserving of anterior margins and tuck grafts...
August 17, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Stephen Leong, Kristy Medina, Patricia J Peretz, Maria I Olmeda-Jenkins, Melissa A Oliver, Megan Kuhlmey, Stacey A Bernstein, Fajah Ferrer, Luz Adriana Matiz, Anil K Lalwani
BACKGROUND: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) is effective in identifying newborns with possible hearing loss (HL). Outpatient follow-up for newborns referred after hospital-based screening remains a potential area of improvement. In this study, we evaluate the efficacy of a community health worker (CHW) intervention in promoting adherence to outpatient rescreening for newborns referred after initial UNHS. METHODS: A mixed prospective-retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate a CHW intervention at an academic medical center...
August 15, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Saad Elzayat, Mohamed E El-Deeb, Hussein A El-Shirbeny, Hassan El-Shirbiny, Mohamed Abdel-Maboud, Khaled Nasr
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify the role of bacterial biofilms in the chronicity of otitis media with effusion and its resistance to antibiotics. We illustrated this role by reviewing, analyzing, and correlating the findings with the results of the included studies to reach clear evidence. METHODS: A comprehensive search of electronic databases (Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and GHL databases) was performed for all studies using the following strategy till April 2021 with the search terms: Biofilm and Middle ear effusion...
August 8, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Lauren A DiNardo, Alyssa D Reese, Maya Raghavan, Alison C Ma, Philomena Behar, Amanda B Hassinger, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that sleep disordered breathing (SDB) can lead to a decreased quality of life in children and their families as compared to children who do not have SDB. The purpose of this study was to examine fatigue levels in parents who had young children who were impacted by sleep symptoms as determined by the OSA-18 scale. STUDY DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Three pediatric otolaryngology clinics associated with a tertiary care children's hospital in Buffalo, NY...
August 7, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Uche C Ezeh, Tom Ben-Dov, Zahrah M Taufique, Megan M Gaffey, Francine Blei, Max M April
OBJECTIVE: To report our institutional experience in diagnosing and surveilling patients with infantile subglottic hemangioma (SGH) using in-office flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy (FFL) with video technology, without requiring operative endoscopy in the era of propranolol use. METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted on 4 children diagnosed with SGH between 2016 and 2022 at our institution. RESULTS: Awake FFL with video technology provided adequate visualization of SGH lesions for diagnosis, without any complications...
August 7, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Andrew D Palmer, Heather Starmer, Nishad Sathe, Theresa Jingyun Yao, Rachel K Bolognone, Jeffrey Edwards, Carrie Crino, Jennifer Kizner, Donna J Graville
OBJECTIVES: The G8 is a well-validated screening test for older cancer patients. The current study was undertaken to determine whether the G8 is predictive of short-term post-operative outcomes after head and neck cancer (HNC) surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients aged 65 years or more and referred for a preoperative assessment by a speech-language pathologist were consecutively screened by clinicians at 2 academic medical centers using the G8. The G8 was used to screen for vulnerability prior to surgery...
August 7, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Emily Ma, Sullivan Smith, Joshua Simon, Vikram Prabhu, Amy Pittman
OBJECTIVES: To report a case of a 71-year-old woman who presented 8 years following 2 endoscopic brow lift procedures for evaluation of bony irregularities of her frontoparietal skull. To highlight a novel complication of Endotine fixation following an endoscopic brow lift procedure. METHODS: A chart review, bicoronal cranioplasty and a review of literature. RESULTS: The patient was satisfied with her post-surgical outcome and no complications were observed at the 1-month follow-up visit...
August 3, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Robert Brinton Fujiki, Bryn Olson-Greb, Susan L Thibeault
PURPOSE: To compare clinical profiles of pediatric patients with Induced Laryngeal Obstruction (ILO), Exercise Induced Laryngeal Obstruction (EILO), and EILO with non-exertion related secondary triggers (EILO+). METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort design was employed. Four-hundred and twenty-three patients <18 years of age were identified from the electronic medical record of a large children's hospital. All patients underwent evaluations with a laryngologist and speech-language pathologist and were diagnosed with EILO/ILO...
August 3, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Hari N Magge, Sam D Schild, Esperanza Mantilla-Rivas, Evie C Landry, Nina M Afsar, Hengameh K Behzadpour, Monica Manrique, Md Sohel Rana, Albert K Oh, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVE: Robin sequence (RS) consists of micrognathia and glossoptosis that result in upper airway obstruction (UAO). In RS patients who undergo tracheostomy, long-term goals include natural decannulation (ND) without further surgical airway intervention. The objective of this study was to identify long-term trends in the rate and length of time to ND. METHODS: Retrospective chart review on 144 patients with RS treated from 1995 to 2020 at a pediatric tertiary care center...
July 27, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Anne K Maxwell, Jacob B Kahane, Terrence P Murphy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate audiologic consequences of gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the temporal bone (TB), and to correlate hearing outcomes with neurologic and vascular injuries adjacent to the temporal bone. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: University-based level-one trauma center. METHODS: Retrospective review of 35 patients surviving TB ballistic injury, 2012 to 2021. Main outcomes were audiologic results...
July 27, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Gary Gartling, Ryosuke Nakamura, Lea Sayce, Emily E Kimball, Azure Wilson, Steven Schneeberger, Zachary Zimmerman, Michael J Garabedian, Ryan C Branski, Bernard Rousseau
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Systemic glucocorticoids (GC)s are employed to treat various voice disorders. However, GCs have varying pharmacodynamic properties with adverse effects ranging from changes in epithelial integrity, skeletal muscle catabolism, and altered body weight. We sought to characterize the acute temporal effects of systemic dexamethasone and methylprednisolone on vocal fold (VF) epithelial glucocorticoid receptor (GR) nuclear translocation, epithelial tight junction (ZO-1) expression, thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle fiber morphology, and body weight using an established pre-clinical model...
July 27, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Henry C Ideker, Ronald J Walker, Angela Mazul, Sean T Massa
OBJECTIVE: Survival of laryngeal cancer is decreasing; thus, optimal treatment selection is paramount. Specifically, T3 disease survival appears similar with surgical or non-surgical management; however, the implications of vocal cord fixation on treatment selection and survival are unknown. This study seeks to determine if surgical treatment of patients with T3M0 laryngeal cancer with vocal cord fixation is associated with superior survival compared to non-surgical treatment. METHODS: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was queried for all T3M0 laryngeal carcinoma cases from 2004 to 2015, whose treatment included surgery or radiation therapy...
July 21, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Courtney Kolberg AuD, Richard A Roberts PhD, Kenneth E Watford Dnp, Erin M Picou AuD PhD, Kelley Corcoran AuD
BACKGROUND: Vestibular migraine is a common cause of vertigo. Intervention often includes preventive and/or rescue medications. Lifestyle modifications are often used along with medications but can be used as the sole intervention. There is lack of clarity regarding the long-term benefits of these interventions. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine long-term effects of intervention types on dizziness in patients with vestibular migraine. METHODS: Twenty-three participants were grouped based on intervention into preventive medication plus lifestyle modifications, rescue medication plus lifestyle modifications, or lifestyle modifications only...
July 18, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Cal H Robinson, Michael Hart-Matyas, Daniel A Morgenstern, Damien Noone, Paolo Campisi
BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab is a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor that is used off-label for select cases of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) that are severe, involve the distal airway or lung parenchyma, and refractory to other forms of adjuvant therapy. However, there is limited safety data for the use of bevacizumab in children and VEGF inhibitors are reported to have a range of adverse renal effects, including hypertension, proteinuria, and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)...
July 12, 2023: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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