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Annals of Internal Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884527/developing-and-testing-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-s-national-guideline-clearinghouse-extent-of-adherence-to-trustworthy-standards-neats-instrument
#1
J Jane Jue, Sarah Cunningham, Kathleen Lohr, Paul Shekelle, Richard Shiffman, Craig Robbins, Mary Nix, Vivian Coates, Karen Schoelles
In 2011, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) (now the National Academy of Medicine) published standards for trustworthy guidelines and recommended that the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality clearly indicate the extent to which guidelines adhere to these standards. To accomplish this, the authors developed and tested the NGC Extent of Adherence to Trustworthy Standards (NEATS) instrument. The standards were operationalized as an instrument containing 15 items that cover disclosure of the funding source; disclosure and management of conflicts of interest; multidisciplinary input; incorporation of patient perspectives; rigorous systematic review; recommendations accompanied by rationale, assessment of benefits and harms, clear linkage to the evidence, and assessment of strength of evidence and strength of recommendation; clear articulation of recommendations; external review by diverse stakeholders; and plans for updating...
March 19, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884526/pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-treatments-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes
#2
Ethan M Balk, Valerie N Rofeberg, Gaelen P Adam, Hannah J Kimmel, Thomas A Trikalinos, Peter C Jeppson
Background: Urinary incontinence (UI), a common malady in women, most often is classified as stress, urgency, or mixed. Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions to improve or cure stress, urgency, or mixed UI in nonpregnant women. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Wiley), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Wiley), EMBASE (Elsevier), CINAHL (EBSCO), and PsycINFO (American Psychological Association) from inception through 10 August 2018...
March 19, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884525/development-and-performance-of-a-checklist-for-initial-triage-after-an-anthrax-mass-exposure-event
#3
Nathaniel Hupert, Marissa Person, Dan Hanfling, Rita M Traxler, William A Bower, Katherine Hendricks
Background: Population exposure to Bacillus anthracis spores could cause mass casualties requiring complex medical care. Rapid identification of patients needing anthrax-specific therapies will improve patient outcomes and resource use. Objective: To develop a checklist that rapidly distinguishes most anthrax from nonanthrax illnesses on the basis of clinical presentation and identifies patients requiring diagnostic testing after a population exposure. Design: Comparison of published anthrax case reports from 1880 through 2013 that included patients seeking anthrax-related care at 2 epicenters of the 2001 U...
March 19, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856660/dual-receipt-of-prescription-opioids-from-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-and-medicare-part-d-and-prescription-opioid-overdose-death-among-veterans-a-nested-case-control-study
#4
Patience Moyo, Xinhua Zhao, Carolyn T Thorpe, Joshua M Thorpe, Florentina E Sileanu, John P Cashy, Jennifer A Hale, Maria K Mor, Thomas R Radomski, Julie M Donohue, Leslie R M Hausmann, Joseph T Hanlon, Chester B Good, Michael J Fine, Walid F Gellad
Background: More than half of enrollees in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) are also covered by Medicare and can choose to receive their prescriptions from VA or from Medicare-participating providers. Such dual-system care may lead to unsafe opioid use if providers in these 2 systems do not coordinate care or if prescription use is not tracked between systems. Objective: To evaluate the association between dual-system opioid prescribing and death from prescription opioid overdose...
March 12, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856657/management-of-patients-with-fever-and-neutropenia-through-the-arc-of-time-a-narrative-review
#5
Philip A Pizzo
The association between fever and neutropenia and the risk for life-threatening infections in patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy has been known for 50 years. Indeed, infectious complications have been a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer. This review chronicles the progress in defining and developing approaches to the management of fever and neutropenia through observational and controlled clinical trials done by single institutions, as well as by national and international collaborative groups...
March 12, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856656/watching-time-body-and-soul-view-of-a-family-member-on-hospice
#6
Nancy M Oconnor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856654/graphical-depiction-of-longitudinal-study-designs-in-health-care-databases
#7
Sebastian Schneeweiss, Jeremy A Rassen, Jeffrey S Brown, Kenneth J Rothman, Laura Happe, Peter Arlett, Gerald Dal Pan, Wim Goettsch, William Murk, Shirley V Wang
Pharmacoepidemiologic and pharmacoeconomic analysis of health care databases has become a vital source of evidence to support health care decision making and efficient management of health care organizations. However, decision makers often consider studies done in nonrandomized health care databases more difficult to review than randomized trials because many design choices need to be considered. This is perceived as an important barrier to decision making about the effectiveness and safety of medical products...
March 12, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856653/care-fragmentation-and-prescription-opioids
#8
Laurence J Meyer, Carolyn M Clancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30856652/thyroidectomy-versus-medical-management-for-euthyroid-patients-with-hashimoto-disease-and-persisting-symptoms-a-randomized-trial
#9
Ivar Guldvog, Laurens Cornelus Reitsma, Lene Johnsen, Andromeda Lauzike, Charlotte Gibbs, Eivind Carlsen, Tone Hoel Lende, Jon Kristian Narvestad, Roald Omdal, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Geir Hoff, Tomm Bernklev, Håvard Søiland
Background: Hashimoto disease is a chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. Despite adequate hormone substitution, some patients have persistent symptoms that may be the result of immunologic pathophysiology. Objective: To determine whether thyroidectomy improves symptoms in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis who still have symptoms despite having normal thyroid gland function while receiving medical therapy. Design: Randomized trial. (ClinicalTrials...
March 12, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831599/the-mmr-vaccine-is-not-associated-with-risk-for-autism
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831598/should-a-prison-salt-trial-be-federally-funded
#11
Paul P Christopher, Michael D Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831583/aspirin-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-the-role-of-tumor-grading-misclassification
#12
Teemu J Murtola, Thea Veitonmäki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831582/methanol-toxicity-from-occupational-exposure-a-case-report
#13
Michael Beattie, Christina Beattie, Elizabeth D Morrison, Ghiath Bayasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831581/use-of-low-dose-aspirin-and-mortality-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#14
Charlotte Skriver, Christian Dehlendorff, Michael Borre, Klaus Brasso, Signe Benzon Larsen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Mette Nørgaard, Anton Pottegård, Jesper Hallas, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Søren Friis
Background: Recent studies suggest that aspirin use may improve survival in patients with prostate cancer. Objective: To assess the association between postdiagnosis use of low-dose aspirin and prostate cancer mortality. Design: Nationwide cohort study. Setting: Denmark. Patients: Men with incident prostate adenocarcinoma between 2000 and 2011. Measurements: Nationwide registry data on tumor characteristics, drug use, primary prostate cancer therapy, comorbidity, and socioeconomic parameters...
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831578/measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-and-autism-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#15
Anders Hviid, Jørgen Vinsløv Hansen, Morten Frisch, Mads Melbye
Background: The hypothesized link between the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism continues to cause concern and challenge vaccine uptake. Objective: To evaluate whether the MMR vaccine increases the risk for autism in children, subgroups of children, or time periods after vaccination. Design: Nationwide cohort study. Setting: Denmark. Participants: 657 461 children born in Denmark from 1999 through 31 December 2010, with follow-up from 1 year of age and through 31 August 2013...
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30831577/further-evidence-of-mmr-vaccine-safety-scientific-and-communications-considerations
#16
Saad B Omer, Inci Yildirim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30802907/ascending-to-new-heights-in-our-understanding-of-the-treatment-of-depression-among-individuals-receiving-hemodialysis
#17
Jennifer E Flythe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30802906/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-depression-treatments-for-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30802903/why-what-you-may-not-know-about-fecal-immunochemical-testing-matters
#19
James Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30802902/performance-characteristics-of-fecal-immunochemical-tests-for-colorectal-cancer-and-advanced-adenomatous-polyps-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Thomas F Imperiale, Rachel N Gruber, Timothy E Stump, Thomas W Emmett, Patrick O Monahan
Background: Studies report inconsistent performance of fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) for colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced adenomas. Purpose: To summarize performance characteristics of FITs for CRC and advanced adenomas in average-risk persons undergoing screening colonoscopy (reference standard) and to identify factors affecting these characteristics. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception through October 2018; reference lists of studies and reviews...
February 26, 2019: Annals of Internal Medicine
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