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Annals of Emergency Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31101371/evaluation-of-spin-in-the-abstracts-of-emergency-medicine-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Victoria Reynolds-Vaughn, Jonathan Riddle, Jamin Brown, Michael Schiesel, Cole Wayant, Matt Vassar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate spin in emergency medicine abstracts, using a sample of randomized controlled trials from high-impact-factor journals with statistically nonsignificant primary endpoints. METHODS: This study investigated spin in abstracts of emergency medicine randomized controlled trials from emergency medicine literature, with studies from 2013 to 2017 from the top 5 emergency medicine journals and general medical journals. Investigators screened records for inclusion and extracted data for spin...
May 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080036/does-room-air-reduce-mortality-among-term-neonates-requiring-respiratory-support-at-birth
#2
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080035/stroke-prophylaxis-for-atrial-fibrillation-to-prescribe-or-not-to-prescribe-a-qualitative-study-on-the-decisionmaking-process-of-emergency-department-providers
#3
Bory Kea, Tahroma Alligood, Cassandra Robinson, Josephine Livingston, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although clinical guidelines recommend oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation patients at high risk of stroke, emergency physicians inconsistently prescribe it to patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation. We interview emergency physicians to gain insight into themes influencing prescribing of oral anticoagulation for patients discharged from the ED with new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: From September 2015 to January 2017, we conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with a purposeful sampling of 18 ED attending physicians who had evaluated a patient with new-onset atrial fibrillation within the past 30 days...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080034/starting-to-think-like-an-expert-an-analysis-of-resident-cognitive-processes-during-simulation-based-resuscitation-examinations
#4
Adam Szulewski, Heather Braund, Rylan Egan, Andreas Gegenfurtner, Andrew K Hall, Daniel Howes, Damon Dagnone, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Simulation is commonly used to teach crisis resource management skills and assess them in emergency medicine residents. However, our understanding of the cognitive processes underlying crisis resource management skills is limited because these processes are difficult to assess and describe. The objective of this study is to uncover and characterize the cognitive processes underlying crisis resource management skills and to describe how these processes vary between residents according to performance in a simulation-based examination...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080033/can-a-heart-pathway-improve-safety-and-diagnostic-efficiency-for-patients-with-chest-pain
#5
EDITORIAL
Grant D Innes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080032/diagnostic-performance-of-ultrasonography-for-detection-of-pediatric-elbow-fracture-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the diagnostic performance of ultrasonography for detection of elbow fracture in pediatric patients with trauma. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for diagnostic accuracy studies that used ultrasonography for detection of elbow fracture in pediatric patients. Bivariate modeling and hierarchic summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) modeling were conducted to evaluate diagnostic performance. The pooled proportions of the false-negative rate were assessed with a DerSimonian-Laird random-effects model...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080031/is-glucagon-effective-for-relieving-acute-esophageal-foreign-bodies-and-food-impactions
#7
EDITORIAL
Brit Long, Michael Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080030/ultrasonographically-guided-peripheral-intravenous-access-the-answer-for-pediatric-patients-with-difficult-access
#8
EDITORIAL
Jennifer R Marin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080029/how-effective-are-epinephrine-and-vasopressin-for-improving-survival-among-patients-in-cardiac-arrest
#9
EDITORIAL
Michael Gottlieb, Vishal P Jani, Yanina A Purim-Shem-Tov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080028/do-calcium-antagonists-decrease-mortality-or-dependency-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#10
EDITORIAL
Rachel E Bridwell, Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080027/clinical-benefit-of-hospitalization-for-older-adults-with-unexplained-syncope-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#11
Marc A Probst, Erica Su, Robert E Weiss, Annick N Yagapen, Susan E Malveau, David H Adler, Aveh Bastani, Christopher W Baugh, Jeffrey M Caterino, Carol L Clark, Deborah B Diercks, Judd E Hollander, Bret A Nicks, Daniel K Nishijima, Manish N Shah, Kirk A Stiffler, Alan B Storrow, Scott T Wilber, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Many adults with syncope are hospitalized solely for observation and testing. We seek to determine whether hospitalization versus outpatient management for older adults with unexplained syncope is associated with a reduction in postdisposition serious adverse events at 30 days. METHODS: We performed a propensity score analysis using data from a prospective, observational study of older adults with unexplained syncope or near syncope who presented to 11 emergency departments (EDs) in the United States...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080026/efficacy-of-oral-administration-of-sodium-thiosulfate-and-glycine-in-a-large-swine-model-of-oral-cyanide-toxicity
#12
Patrick C Ng, Tara B Hendry-Hofer, Alyssa E Witeof, Sari B Mahon, Matthew Brenner, Gerry R Boss, Vikhyat S Bebarta
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Cyanide is a deadly poison, particularly with oral exposure, in which larger doses can occur before any symptoms develop. Multiple governmental agencies highlight oral cyanide as an agent that can be used in a terrorist attack because it can be easily weaponized and is readily available. Currently, there are no Food and Drug Administration-approved antidotes specifically for oral cyanide. An oral countermeasure that can neutralize and prevent absorption of cyanide from the gastrointestinal tract after oral exposure is needed...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080025/evaluating-effectiveness-of-nasal-compression-with-tranexamic-acid-compared-with-simple-nasal-compression-and-merocel-packing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Sedat Akkan, Şeref K Çorbacıoğlu, Halit Aytar, Emine Emektar, Seda Dağar, Yunsur Çevik
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of 3 treatment protocols to stop anterior epistaxis: classic compression, nasal packing, and local application of tranexamic acid. It also aims to determine the frequency of rebleeding after each of these protocols. METHODS: This single-center, prospective, randomized controlled study was conducted with patients who had spontaneous anterior epistaxis. The study compared the effect of 3 treatment options, tranexamic acid with compression but without nasal packing, nasal packing (Merocel), and simple nasal external compression, on the primary outcome of stopping anterior epistaxis bleeding within 15 minutes...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31080024/use-of-tandem-perimortem-cesarean-section-and-open-chest-cardiac-massage-in-the-resuscitation-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-cardiac-arrest
#14
Andrew J Adan, Abhinav Nafday, Alexander B Beyer, Mitchell J Odom, Nikhil R Theyyunni, Kevin R Ward
Cardiac arrest and resuscitation of the pregnant woman at gestational term is rare. Depending on the circumstances of cardiac arrest and its timing, options are limited for allowing successful resuscitation of both mother and neonate. Herein, we describe the use of tandem perimortem cesarean section and thoracotomy for open-chest cardiac massage in a young woman with newly diagnosed peripartum cardiomyopathy. We used goal-directed resuscitation including diagnostic ultrasonography and capnography to assist in decision-making and successfully resuscitated both mother and neonate to hospital discharge without discernable long-term complications...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31060747/which-ultrasonographic-characteristics-predict-miscarriage-risk
#15
EDITORIAL
Jonathan M Mishoe, Kaushal H Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31060746/does-oral-or-topical-tranexamic-acid-control-bleeding-from-epistaxis
#16
EDITORIAL
Rachel E Bridwell, Michael D April, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31060745/palliative-care-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#17
Anne-Josée Côté, Antoine Payot, Nathalie Gaucher
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Children with medical complexity represent a fragile population and account for the majority of patients followed in pediatric palliative care. Little is known in regard to the role of the emergency department (ED) in caring for the families of children with medical complexity. METHODS: Semistructured focus groups were held with health care professionals from pediatric emergency medicine, palliative care, complex care, and intensive care to explore their perspective on pediatric palliative care in the ED...
May 3, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31060744/managing-the-out-of-hospital-extraglottic-airway-device
#18
REVIEW
Darren Braude, Michael Steuerwald, Trent Wray, Richard Galgon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982631/guideline-based-clinical-assessment-versus-procalcitonin-guided-antibiotic-use-in-pneumonia-a-pragmatic-randomized-trial
#19
Emmanuel Montassier, François Javaudin, Farès Moustafa, Demeno Nandjou, Maxime Maignan, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Caroline Annoot, Maja Ogielska, Pascal-Louis Orer, Thibault Schotté, Jacques Bouget, Syamak Agha Babaei, Pierre-Alexis Raynal, Antoine Eche, Albert Trinh Duc, Ruxandra-Aimée Cojocaru, Nesrine Benaouicha, Gilles Potel, Eric Batard, David A Talan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Efforts to reduce unnecessary and unnecessarily long antibiotic treatment for community-acquired pneumonia have been attempted through use of procalcitonin and through guidelines based on serial clinical assessment. Our aim is to compare guideline-based clinical assessment- and procalcitonin algorithm-guided antibiotic use among patients with community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS: We performed a pragmatic, randomized, multicenter trial from November 2012 to April 2015 at 12 French hospitals...
April 11, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982630/do-antibiotics-improve-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations
#20
EDITORIAL
Latha Ganti, Javier Rosario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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