Annals of Emergency Medicine

Roland C Merchant, Sarah J Marks, Melissa A Clark, Michael P Carey, Tao Liu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Brief, easily administered, and valid health literacy assessment tools are needed to optimize health care delivery in the emergency medicine setting. Three health literacy screening items have been proposed to assess health literacy in outpatient settings. We investigated their ability to identify English- and Spanish-speaking adult emergency department (ED) patients with lower health literacy. METHODS: Participants were Spanish- or English-speaking adult patients randomly selected from 4 geographically spread, US, urban, safety-net EDs...
March 20, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Drew A Long, Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ian S deSouza, Mina Tadrous, Theresa Sexton, Roshanak Benabbas, Guy Carmelli, Richard Sinert
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We conduct a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis to indirectly compare and rank antidysrhythmic drugs for pharmacologic cardioversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science from inception to March 2019, limited to human subjects and English language. We also searched for unpublished data. We limited studies to randomized controlled trials that enrolled adult patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter and compared antidysrhythmic agents, placebo, or control...
March 12, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Mary R C Haas, Adaira Landry, Nikita Joshi
Lactation benefits both lactating individuals and their infants. Despite high rates of breastfeeding initiation, physicians are a high-risk group for early cessation. Barriers to meeting lactation goals for physicians include lack of protected time, dedicated space, and collegial support. The emergency department (ED) is a uniquely challenging setting for lactating emergency physicians, given the high-stress, high-acuity environment that lacks predictability or scheduled breaks. This article presents an overview of relevant lactation physiology and evidence for specific strategies that the lactating emergency physician, colleagues, and ED leadership can implement to overcome barriers and facilitate meeting lactation goals...
March 12, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Samuel Vaillancourt, John D Cullen, Katie N Dainty, Taucha Inrig, Andreas Laupacis, Denise Linton, Stéphanie Malherbe, Alies Maybee, Michael J Schull, M Bianca Seaton, Dorcas E Beaton
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Common outcomes of care valued by emergency department (ED) patients who are not hospitalized have been characterized, but no measurement instrument has been developed to date. We developed and validated a patient-reported outcome measure for use with adult ED patients who are discharged home (PROM-ED). METHODS: In previous research, 4 main outcomes of importance to ED patients were defined: symptom relief, understanding, reassurance, and having a plan...
March 9, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Justin L Benoit, Henry E Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Srinivas R Mummadi, Jennifer de Longpre', Peter Y Hahn
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The best initial strategy for nontension symptomatic spontaneous pneumothorax is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the most efficacious, safe, and efficient initial intervention in adults with nontension spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and were searched from January 1950 through December 2019 (print and electronic publications). Randomized controlled trials evaluating needle aspiration, narrow-bore chest tube (<14 F) with or without Heimlich valve insertion, and large-bore chest tube (≥14 F) insertion in spontaneous pneumothorax were included...
February 27, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael A Secko, Lindsay Reardon, Michael Gottlieb, Eric J Morley, Mathew R Lohse, Henry C Thode, Adam J Singer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Shoulder dislocations are a common injury leading to emergency department presentations. Point-of-care ultrasonography has the potential to reduce radiation and time to diagnosis. We determine the accuracy of a novel point-of-care ultrasonographic technique to diagnose dislocated shoulders. We also investigate its accuracy to detect fractures, time to image acquisition, the optimal cutoff for the glenohumeral distance, and compare the time to diagnose dislocations from triage between point-of-care ultrasonography and radiography...
February 25, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Robert Stenberg, Christina Shenvi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kiran Grant, Aidan McParland, Shaun Mehta, Alun D Ackery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Rebekah Mannix, Jeffrey J Bazarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Christine Rizkalla, Alexander Arroyo, Jessica Zerzan, Mary O'Keefe, Millicent Okereke, Eitan Dickman, Jefferson Drapkin, John Marshall
In the last year, New York City has had more than 600 confirmed measles cases. For each patient with measles, numerous neonates, unimmunized children, and susceptible adults can be exposed to the highly contagious virus. Working in an emergency department amid such an outbreak presents several challenges because of the crowded nature of the environment, the imperative for rapid identification and isolation of infected patients, and identification of vulnerable individuals who have been in the vicinity when a patient with measles presents...
February 17, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Jacob Avila, Mark Chottiner, Gary Peksa
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Skin and soft tissue infections are a common chief complaint in the emergency department. Research has shown that clinical examination alone can be unreliable in distinguishing between cellulitis and abscesses, a distinction that is important because they each require different treatments. Point-of-care ultrasonography has been increasingly studied as a tool to improve the diagnostic accuracy for these skin and soft tissue infections. The primary objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care ultrasonography for abscesses...
February 17, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
John P Haran, Melissa Goulding, Maureen Campion, Gail Scully, Arnav Chandra, Rebecca Goldberg, Allyson Day, Emily McLendon, Melissa A Clark
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Clinicians currently do not reliably adhere to antibiotic treatment guidelines, resulting in unnecessary patient exposure to broad-spectrum antimicrobials. Our objective is to determine whether a treatment intervention for the management of nonpurulent skin and soft tissue infections increases clinician adherence and improves patient outcomes. METHODS: Between January 1 and December 31, 2017, patients presenting to 2 emergency departments (EDs) and who had received a diagnosis of a nonpurulent skin and soft tissue infection were enrolled and assigned to a pre- or postintervention cohort with a treatment intervention implemented on June 1...
February 13, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Richard M Nowak, Robert H Christenson, Gordon Jacobsen, James McCord, Fred S Apple, Adam J Singer, Alexander Limkakeng, William F Peacock, Christopher R deFilippi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine the accuracy of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), European-derived, rapid, acute myocardial infarction, rule-out/rule-in algorithms applied to a US emergency department (ED) population. METHODS: Adults presenting to the ED with suspected acute myocardial infarction were included. Plasma samples collected at baseline and between 40 and 90 minutes and 2 and 3 hours later were analyzed in core laboratories using the Siemens Healthineers hs-cTnI assays...
February 8, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brian J Franklin, Sharif Vakili, Robert S Huckman, Sarah Hosein, Nicholas Falk, Katherine Cheng, Maria Murray, Sheila Harris, Charles A Morris, Eric Goralnick
Delayed access to inpatient beds for admitted patients contributes significantly to emergency department (ED) boarding and crowding, which have been associated with deleterious patient safety effects. To expedite inpatient bed availability, some hospitals have implemented discharge lounges, allowing discharged patients to depart their inpatient rooms while awaiting completion of the discharge process or transportation. This conceptual article synthesizes the evidence related to discharge lounge implementation practices and outcomes...
January 23, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Björn Af Ugglas, Therese Djärv, Petter L S Ljungman, Martin J Holzmann
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the importance of hospital bed occupancy for 30-day mortality, inhospital mortality, readmission for inpatient care within 30 days, and revisits to the emergency department (ED) within 7 days among all adult patients visiting the ED. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study including all adult patients visiting 6 EDs in Stockholm Region, Sweden. ED visits from 2012 to 2016 were categorized into groups by hospital bed occupancy in 5% intervals between 85% and 105%...
January 23, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Nicklaus P Ashburn, Christopher W Ryder, Ryan M Angi, Anna C Snavely, R Darrell Nelson, William P Bozeman, Henderson D McGinnis, James T Winslow, Jason P Stopyra
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital naloxone has been championed as a lifesaving solution during the opioid epidemic. However, the long-term outcomes of out-of-hospital naloxone recipients are unknown. The objectives of this study are to describe the 1-year mortality of presumed opioid overdose victims identified by receiving out-of-hospital naloxone and to determine which patient factors are associated with subsequent mortality. METHODS: This was a regional retrospective cohort study of out-of-hospital records from 7 North Carolina counties from January 1, 2015 to February 28, 2017...
January 23, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Casey P Balio, Kevin K Wiley, Marion S Greene, Joshua R Vest
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the prevalence, trends, and factors associated with repeated emergency department (ED) encounters for opioid usage across multiple, independent hospital systems. METHODS: A statewide regional health information exchange system provided ED encounters from 4 Indiana hospital systems for 2012 to 2017. In accordance with a series of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and ICD-10 diagnosis codes for opioid abuse, adverse effects of opioids, opioid dependence and unspecified use, and opioid poisoning, we identified patients with an ED encounter associated with opioid usage (9,295 individuals; 12,642 encounters)...
January 23, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Hanna Linstadt, Amy Collins, Jonathan E Slutzman, Erika Kimball, Jay Lemery, Cecilia Sorensen, Christopher Winstead-Derlega, Kristina Evans, Paul S Auerbach
Climate change and environmental pollution from health care present urgent, complex challenges. The US health care sector produces 10% of total US greenhouse gas emissions, which have negative influences on human and environmental health. The emergency department (ED) is an important place in the hospital to become more environmentally responsible and "climate smart," a term referring to the combination of low-carbon and resilient health care strategies. Our intent is to educate and motivate emergency providers to action by providing a guide to sustainable health care and an approach to creating a climate-smart ED...
January 23, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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