Corey S Davis, Derek H Carr, Melody J Glenn, Elizabeth A Samuels
Treatment with buprenorphine significantly reduces both all-cause and overdose mortality among individuals with opioid use disorder. Offering buprenorphine treatment to individuals who experience a nonfatal opioid overdose represents an opportunity to reduce opioid overdose fatalities. Although some emergency departments (EDs) initiate buprenorphine treatment, many individuals who experience an overdose either refuse transport to the ED or are transported to an ED that does not offer buprenorphine. Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals can help address this treatment gap...
March 26, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Dustin G Mark, Yun-Yi Hung, Zena Salim, Nicole J Tarlton, Esteban Torres, Bradley W Frazee
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Third-generation cephalosporin-resistant (3GCR) Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis (EKP) are an increasingly common cause of community-onset urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the United States. The 3GCR antimicrobial resistance pattern in these Enterobacterales species is most commonly due to production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases. We sought to provide contemporary, emergency department (ED)-focused data on 3GCR-EKP UTI regional prevalence, presentation, antibiotic susceptibility, and empiric treatment patterns, and outcomes...
March 26, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Keya A Patel, Andrew Sexton, Meeta Shah, Braden Hexom, Michael Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Nasir Wabe, Judith Thomas, Craig Scowen, Alex Eigenstetter, Robert Lindeman, Andrew Georgiou
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Abdominal pain and chest pain are leading reasons for emergency department (ED) presentations, with laboratory tests frequently ordered to aid the diagnostic process. Our study aims to identify EDs with outlying laboratory ordering practices for patients presenting with undifferentiated abdominal pain and chest pain. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of 519,597 patients who presented with the complaint of abdominal or chest pain at 44 major hospital EDs across New South Wales, Australia, from January 2017 to September 2018...
March 24, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Cameron J Gettel, Maureen E Canavan, Margaret B Greenwood-Ericksen, Vivek L Parwani, Andrew S Ulrich, Randy L Pilgrim, Arjun K Venkatesh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to examine differences in the provision of high-acuity professional services between rural and urban physicians receiving reimbursement for emergency care evaluation and management services from Medicare fee-for-service Part B. METHODS: Using the 2017 Medicare Public Use Files, we performed a cross-sectional analysis and defined the primary outcome, the proportion of high-acuity charts (PHAC), at the physician level as the proportion of services provided as 99285 and 99291 emergency care evaluation and management service codes relative to all such codes...
March 24, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Gillian R Schmitz, Michael Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Melissa L McCarthy, Zhaonian Zheng, Marcee E Wilder, Angelo Elmi, Yixuan Li, Scott L Zeger
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the relationship between social determinants of health and emergency department (ED) visits in the Medicaid Cohort of the District of Columbia. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of 8,943 adult Medicaid beneficiaries who completed a social determinants of health survey at study enrollment. We merged the social determinants of health data with participants' Medicaid claims data for up to 24 months before enrollment...
March 11, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Rollin J Fairbanks, Kathryn M Kellogg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Lisa A Calder, Jeffrey Perry, Justin W Yan, Ria De Gorter, Marco L A Sivilotti, Debra Eagles, Frank Myslik, Bjug Borgundvaag, Marcel Émond, Andrew D McRae, Monica Taljaard, Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy, Wei Cheng, Alan J Forster, Ian G Stiell
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine incidence and type of adverse events (adverse outcomes related to emergency care) among emergency department (ED) patients discharged with recent-onset atrial fibrillation, acute heart failure, and syncope. METHODS: This 5-year prospective cohort study included high-acuity adult patients discharged with the 3 sentinel diagnoses from 6 tertiary care Canadian EDs. We screened all ED visits for eligibility and performed telephone interviews 14 days postdischarge to identify flagged outcomes: death, hospital admission, return ED visit, health care provider visit, and new or worsening symptoms...
February 18, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Adam Reuben, Andrew Appelboam, Kara N Stevens, Jane Vickery, Paul Ewings, Wendy Ingram, Alison N Jeffery, Richard Body, Malcolm Hilton, Jason Coppell, Brian Wainman, Andy Barton
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Epistaxis is a common emergency department (ED) presentation and, if simple first aid measures fail, can lead to a need for anterior nasal packing. Tranexamic acid is an agent that contributes to blood clot stability. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of topical intranasal tranexamic acid in adult patients presenting to the ED with persistent epistaxis, and whether it reduces the need for anterior nasal packing. METHODS: From May 5, 2017, to March 31, 2019, a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, 1:1, randomized controlled trial was conducted across 26 EDs in the United Kingdom...
February 18, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Rachel E Bridwell, Michael D April, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Johana Lopez, Brian Cohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos, Alan Heins, Carolyn J Sachs, Paula J Whiteman, Neil-Jeremy G Wingkun, Ralph J Riviello
Injection drug use is a major public health problem in the United States. Cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine are the most commonly injected illicit drugs, whereas opioids are responsible for the majority of overdose fatalities. Although recent emergency department (ED) efforts have focused on expanding capacity for buprenorphine induction for opioid use disorder treatment, the injection of illicit drugs carries specific health risks that require acknowledgment and management, particularly for patients who decline substance use treatment...
February 9, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Isaac K Agboola, Edouard Coupet, Ambrose H Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Cindy H Hsu, William J Meurer, Robert Domeier, Jennifer Fowler, Sage P Whitmore, Benjamin S Bassin, Kyle J Gunnerson, Jonathan W Haft, William R Lynch, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Renee A Havey, Kelley M Kidwell, William C Stacey, Robert Silbergleit, Robert H Bartlett, Robert W Neumar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Outcomes of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest depend on time to therapy initiation. We hypothesize that it would be feasible to select refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients for expedited transport based on real-time estimates of the 911 call to the emergency department (ED) arrival interval, and for emergency physicians to rapidly initiate ECPR in eligible patients. METHODS: In a 2-tiered emergency medical service with an ECPR-capable primary destination hospital, adults with refractory shockable or witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were randomized 4:1 to expedited transport or standard care if the predicted 911 call to ED arrival interval was less than or equal to 30 minutes...
February 1, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ryan D Pappal, Brian W Roberts, Nicholas M Mohr, Enyo Ablordeppey, Brian T Wessman, Anne M Drewry, Winston Winkler, Yan Yan, Marin H Kollef, Michael S Avidan, Brian M Fuller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Awareness with paralysis is a devastating complication for patients receiving mechanical ventilation and risks long-term psychological morbidity. Data from the emergency department (ED) demonstrate a high rate of longer-acting neuromuscular blocking agent use, delayed analgosedation, and a lack of sedation depth monitoring. These practices are discordant with recommendations for preventing awareness with paralysis. Despite this, awareness with paralysis has not been rigorously studied in the ED population...
January 20, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Richard S J Boyle, Richard Body
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate current evidence for the diagnostic accuracy and safety of the Emergency Department Assessment of Chest Pain Score (EDACS) for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with possible acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for publications reporting data on the EDACS score. No date restrictions were used. Two independent researchers assessed studies for eligibility, bias, and quality...
January 15, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Arjun Venkatesh, Shashank Ravi, Craig Rothenberg, Jeremiah Kinsman, Jean Sun, Pawan Goyal, James Augustine, Stephen K Epstein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The measurement of emergency department (ED) throughput as a patient-centered quality measure is ubiquitous; however, marked heterogeneity exists between EDs, complicating comparisons for payment purposes. We evaluate 4 scoring methodologies for accommodating differences in ED visit volume and heterogeneity among ED groups that staff multiple EDs to improve the validity and "fairness" of ED throughput quality measurement in a national registry, with the goal of developing a volume-adjusted throughput measure that balances variation at the ED group level...
January 15, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Gabriel Wardi, Morgan Carlile, Andre Holder, Supreeth Shashikumar, Stephen R Hayden, Shamim Nemati
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Machine-learning algorithms allow improved prediction of sepsis syndromes in the emergency department (ED), using data from electronic medical records. Transfer learning, a new subfield of machine learning, allows generalizability of an algorithm across clinical sites. We aim to validate the Artificial Intelligence Sepsis Expert for the prediction of delayed septic shock in a cohort of patients treated in the ED and demonstrate the feasibility of transfer learning to improve external validity at a second site...
January 15, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Mustafa E Canakci, Ruhi Cure, Omer E Sevik, Kadir U Mert, Nurdan Acar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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