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Annals of Emergency Medicine

Jestin N Carlson, Krista M Foster, Bernard S Black, Jesse M Pines, Christopher K Corbit, Arvind Venkat
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Malpractice fear is a commonly cited cause for defensive medicine, but it is unclear whether being named in a malpractice claim changes physician practice patterns. We study whether there are changes in commonly used measures of emergency physician practice after being named in a malpractice claim. METHODS: We performed a retrospective difference-in-differences study comparing practice patterns of emergency physicians named in a malpractice claim and unnamed matched controls working contemporaneously in the same emergency departments (EDs), using data from a national emergency medicine management group (59 EDs in 11 US states from 2010 to 2015)...
September 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Noa Krawczyk, Matthew Eisenberg, Kristin E Schneider, Tom M Richards, B Casey Lyons, Kate Jackson, Lindsey Ferris, Jonathan P Weiner, Brendan Saloner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Persons with substance use disorders frequently utilize emergency department (ED) services, creating an opportunity for intervention and referral to addiction treatment and harm-reduction services. However, EDs may not have the appropriate tools to distinguish which patients are at greatest risk for negative outcomes. We link hospital ED and medical examiner mortality databases in one state to identify individual-level risk factors associated with overdose death among ED patients with substance-related encounters...
September 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Lucas C Carlson, Ali S Raja, Daniel A Dworkis, Jarone Lee, David F M Brown, Margaret Samuels-Kalow, Michael Wilson, Marc Shapiro, Jungyeon Kim, Brian J Yun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The effect of urgent cares on local emergency department (ED) patient volumes is presently unknown. In this paper, we aimed to assess the change in low-acuity ED utilization at 2 academic medical centers in relation to patient proximity to an affiliated urgent care. METHODS: We created a geospatial database of ED visits occurring between April 2016 and March 2018 to 2 academic medical centers in an integrated health care system, geocoded by patient home address...
September 9, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Anish K Agarwal, Lauren Hahn, Arthur Pelullo, Roy Rosin, Raina M Merchant
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Providing care in emergency departments (EDs) affects patients and providers. Providers experience high rates of work-related stress. Little is known about the feasibility of measuring real-time sentiment within busy clinical environments. We test the feasibility of measuring sentiment with touch-button terminals in an academic, urban ED. METHODS: Terminals offered a choice of 4 sentiment buttons (very positive, positive, negative, and very negative)...
August 29, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kori S Zachrison, Krislyn M Boggs, Emily M Hayden, Janice A Espinola, Carlos A Camargo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Telemedicine has potential to add value to the delivery of emergency care in rural emergency departments (EDs); however, previous work suggests that it may be underused. We seek to understand barriers to telemedicine implementation in rural EDs, and to describe characteristics of rural EDs that do and do not use telemedicine. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the 2016 National Emergency Department Inventory survey, identifying rural EDs that did and did not use telemedicine in 2016...
August 29, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Bronwyn R Griffin, Cody C Frear, Franz Babl, Ed Oakley, Roy M Kimble
STUDY OBJECTIVE: First-aid guidelines recommend the administration of cool running water in the early management of thermal injury. Our objective is to analyze the associations between first aid and skin-grafting requirements in children with burns. METHODS: This cohort study used a prospectively collected registry of patients managed at a tertiary children's hospital. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between first aid and the requirement for skin grafting...
August 29, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Gabriel Wardi, Jessica Brice, Matthew Correia, Dennis Liu, Michael Self, Christopher Tainter
The role of lactic acid and its conjugate base, lactate, has evolved during the past decade in the care of patients in the emergency department (ED). A recent national sepsis quality measure has led to increased use of serum lactate in the ED, but many causes for hyperlactatemia exist outside of sepsis. We provide a review of the biology of lactate production and metabolism, the many causes of hyperlactatemia, and evidence on its use as a marker in prognosis and resuscitation. Additionally, we review the evolving role of lactate in sepsis care...
August 29, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Thierry Pelaccia, Laurie H Plotnick, Marie-Claude Audétat, Mathieu Nendaz, Stuart Lubarsky, Nazi Torabi, Aliki Thomas, Meredith Young, Valérie Dory
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Clinical reasoning is considered a core competency of physicians. Yet there is a paucity of research on clinical reasoning specifically in emergency medicine, as highlighted in the literature. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review to examine the state of research on clinical reasoning in this specialty. Our team, composed of content and methodological experts, identified 3,763 articles in the literature, 95 of which were included. RESULTS: Most studies were published after 2000...
August 29, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jessica E Galarraga, Bernard Black, Laura Pimentel, Arvind Venkat, John P Sverha, William J Frohna, Daniel L Lemkin, Jesse M Pines
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In 2014, Maryland launched a population-based payment model that replaced fee-for-service payments with global budgets for all hospital-based services. This global budget revenue program gives hospitals strong incentives to tightly control patient volume and meet budget targets. We examine the effects of the global budget revenue model on rates of admission to the hospital from emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We used medical record and billing data to examine adult ED encounters from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, in 25 hospital-based EDs, including 10 Maryland global budget revenue hospitals, 10 matched non-Maryland hospitals (primary control), and 5 Maryland Total Patient Revenue hospitals (secondary control)...
August 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Aislinn D Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Benjamin T Kerrey, Henry Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Amber E Hoek, Susanne C P Anker, Ed F van Beeck, Alex Burdorf, Pleunie P M Rood, Juanita A Haagsma
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis to provide an overview of the different manners of providing discharge instructions in the emergency department (ED) and to assess their effects on comprehension and recall of the 4 domains of discharge instructions: diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and return instructions. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases for studies published before March 15, 2018...
August 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Sergey Motov, Aidin Masoudi, Jefferson Drapkin, Cecily Sotomayor, Samuel Kim, Mahlaqa Butt, Antonios Likourezos, Catsim Fassassi, Rukhsana Hossain, Jason Brady, Nechama Rothberger, Peter Flom, John Marshall
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used extensively for the management of acute pain, with ibuprofen being one of the most frequently used oral analgesics in the emergency department (ED). We compare the analgesic efficacy of oral ibuprofen at 3 different doses for adult ED patients with acute pain. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind trial comparing analgesic efficacy of 3 doses of oral ibuprofen (400, 600, and 800 mg) in adult ED patients with acute painful conditions...
August 2, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Christopher L Moore, Christopher R Carpenter, Marta E Heilbrun, Kevin Klauer, Amy Krambeck, Courtney Moreno, Erick M Remer, Charles Scales, Melissa M Shaw, Kevan M Sternberg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Renal colic is common and computed tomography (CT) is frequently used when the diagnosis of kidney stone is suspected. CT is accurate but exposes patients to ionizing radiation and has not been shown to alter either interventional approaches or hospital admission rates. This multiorganizational transdisciplinary collaboration seeks evidence-based, multispecialty consensus on optimal imaging across different clinical scenarios in patients with suspected renal colic in the acute setting...
August 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Debra Houry, Jerome Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jiayi Gong, Margaret Colligan, Carl Kirkpatrick, Peter Jones
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare paracetamol with a combination of paracetamol, ibuprofen, and codeine for pain relief in acute minor musculoskeletal injuries. METHODS: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized, active-controlled, parallel-arm study at an urban tertiary hospital emergency department. Participants were aged 18 to 65 years and had acute (<48 hours) closed limb or trunk injuries with moderate pain (greater than 3/10). A single dose of 1 g of paracetamol, 400 mg of ibuprofen, and 60 mg of codeine was compared with a single dose of 1 g of paracetamol, placebo ibuprofen, and placebo codeine...
August 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Alexandre T Rotta, Paulo M Alves, Neil Nerwich, Steven L Shein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: More than 4 billion passengers travel on commercial airline flights yearly. Although in-flight medical events involving adult passengers have been well characterized, data describing those affecting children are lacking. This study seeks to characterize pediatric in-flight medical events and their immediate outcomes, using a worldwide sample. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all in-flight medical events from January 1, 2015, to October 31, 2016, involving children younger than 19 years treated in consultation with a ground-based medical support center providing medical support to 77 commercial airlines worldwide...
July 23, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Thomas Seagraves, Stephen R Gore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Keith S Boniface, Jordan B King, Maxine A LeSaux, Stanislaw C Haciski, Hamid Shokoohi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the accuracy of point-of-care ultrasonography compared with computed tomographic (CT) scan and assess the potential time-saving effect of point-of-care ultrasonography in diagnosing small bowel obstruction. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of a convenience sample of patients with suspected small bowel obstruction in an academic emergency department (ED). Physician sonographers were blinded to clinical data, laboratory results, and CT scan findings...
July 23, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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