Diane Kuhn, Hannah Goldberg, Nikita Salker, Jonathan Hurst, Kinjal Sethuraman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Patient experience metrics have become increasingly important in evaluations of health care organizations and physician performance. Although such measures have been touted as a way to make objective comparisons of performance, they are subject to many of the same biases as other survey instruments, including gender bias. METHODS: A total of 320 surveys were conducted between February and October 2020. Surveys included vignettes describing different scenarios, and respondents were asked to rate the vignette physician in each scenario on 1 of 3 themes: listening, time, or courtesy...
July 23, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Carmen S van Dam, Marijke C Trappenburg, Marieke M Ter Wee, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Henrica C de Vet, Yvo M Smulders, Prabath W Nanayakkara, Majon Muller, Mike J Peters
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Older adults presenting to the emergency department (ED) are at high risk of adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of 4 frequently used screening instruments for the prediction of adverse health outcomes among older adults in the ED. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in patients ≥70 years of age presenting to the ED in 2 hospitals in the Netherlands. Screening instruments included the acutely presenting older patient screening program (APOP) (providing 2 risk scores-functional decline [APOP1] and mortality [APOP2]), the International Resident Assessment Instrument Emergendy Department screener (InterRAI ED), the Identification of Seniors At Risk-Hospitalized Patients (ISAR-HP), and the safety management system (VMS)...
July 23, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Cameron J Gettel, Shari M Ling, Richard E Wild, Arjun K Venkatesh, Reena Duseja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael J Yoo, Rachel E Bridwell, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Daniel Dove, Catsim Fassassi, Ashley Davis, Jefferson Drapkin, Mahlaqa Butt, Rukhsana Hossain, Sarah Kabariti, Antonios Likourezos, Ankit Gohel, Patrizia Favale, Michael Silver, John Marshall, Sergey Motov
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess and compare the analgesic efficacies and adverse effects of ketamine administered through a breath-actuated nebulizer at 3 different dosing regimens for emergency department patients presenting with acute and chronic painful conditions. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blinded trial comparing 3 doses of nebulized ketamine (0.75 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, and 1.5 mg/kg) administered through breath-actuated nebulizer in adult emergency department patients aged 18 years and older with moderate to severe acute and chronic pain...
July 3, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Richard Todd Clark, Lee Johnson, Jamie Billotti, Georgia Foulds, Taryn Ketels, Kennon Heard, Emilie Calvello Hynes
Vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia is a newly described disease process in the setting of expanding access to COVID-19 vaccination. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends treatment with an alternative to heparin in patients suspected of having vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia. At this time there have been no reported outcomes from the treatment of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia with bivalirudin as a heparin alternative. We describe the early outcomes from the treatment of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia with bivalirudin as a heparin alternative...
July 3, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kelly R Bergmann, Alexander C Arroyo, Mark O Tessaro, Jonathan Nielson, Valerie Whitcomb, Manu Madhok, Adriana Yock-Corrales, German Guerrero-Quesada, Lindsey Chaudoin, Ron Berant, Keren Shahar-Nissan, J Kate Deanehan, Samuel H F Lam, Peter J Snelling, Pablo Avendano, Stephanie G Cohen, Nir Friedman, Atim Ekpenyong, Kathryn H Pade, Daniel B Park, Margaret Lin-Martore, Aaron E Kornblith, Gerardo Montes-Amaya, Rosemary Thomas-Mohtat, Jing Jin, Dave Watson, Adam Sivitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by experienced clinician sonologists compared to radiology-performed ultrasound (RADUS) for detection of clinically important intussusception, defined as intussusception requiring radiographic or surgical reduction. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, noninferiority, observational study among a convenience sample of children aged 3 months to 6 years treated in tertiary care emergency departments across North and Central America, Europe, and Australia...
July 2, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Yo-Lin Lin, Sai-Wai Ho, Ling-Jun Liu
Intravenous thrombolytic therapy is recommended within 3 hours of onset of acute ischemic stroke. However, stroke mimics create challenges because of time pressures. We describe a case of an undiagnosed glioma, a rarely reported condition, that was nearly treated with thrombolytic therapy. A 71-year-old man presented to the emergency department with sudden left gaze preference, right-sided hemiplegia, and global aphasia, which suggested a large infarction in the left hemisphere. The thrombolytic protocol was started at once...
July 2, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Cadence F Bowden, Gala True, Sara Wiesel Cullen, Miranda Pollock, Diana Worsley, Abigail M Ross, Jeffrey Caterino, Mark Olfson, Steven C Marcus, Stephanie K Doupnik
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We explored emergency department clinical leaders' views on providing emergency mental health services to pediatric and geriatric patients with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with a total of 34 nursing directors, medical directors, and behavioral health managers at 17 general hospital EDs across the United States, using purposive sampling to ensure variation among hospitals. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded and analyzed using Atlas...
July 1, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Nicole M Franks, Katrina Gipson, Sheri-Ann Kaltiso, Anwar Osborne, Sheryl L Heron
The COVID-19 pandemic has shed light on the ongoing pandemic of racial injustice. In the context of these twin pandemics, emergency medicine organizations are declaring that "Racism is a Public Health Crisis." Accordingly, we are challenging emergency clinicians to respond to this emergency and commit to being antiracist. This courageous journey begins with naming racism and continues with actions addressing the intersection of racism and social determinants of health that result in health inequities. Therefore, we present a social-ecological framework that structures the intentional actions that emergency medicine must implement at the individual, organizational, community, and policy levels to actively respond to this emergency and be antiracist...
June 23, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kathryn Hawk, Jason Hoppe, Eric Ketcham, Alexis LaPietra, Aimee Moulin, Lewis Nelson, Evan Schwarz, Sam Shahid, Donald Stader, Michael P Wilson, Gail D'Onofrio
The treatment of opioid use disorder with buprenorphine and methadone reduces morbidity and mortality in patients with opioid use disorder. The initiation of buprenorphine in the emergency department (ED) has been associated with increased rates of outpatient treatment linkage and decreased drug use when compared to patients randomized to receive standard ED referral. As such, the ED has been increasingly recognized as a venue for the identification and initiation of treatment for opioid use disorder, but no formal American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) recommendations on the topic have previously been published...
June 22, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Hans M Murcia, Michael F Rentz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kenneth W Dodd, Deborah L Zvosec, Michael A Hart, George Glass, Laura E Bannister, Richard M Body, Brett A Boggust, William J Brady, Anna M Chang, Louise Cullen, Rafael Gómez-Vicente, Maite A Huis In 't Veld, Rehan M Karim, H Pendell Meyers, David F Miranda, Gary J Mitchell, Charles Reynard, Clifford Rice, Bayert J Salverda, Samuel J Stellpflug, Vaishal M Tolia, Brooks M Walsh, Jennifer L White, Stephen W Smith
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Ventricular paced rhythm is thought to obscure the electrocardiographic diagnosis of acute coronary occlusion myocardial infarction. Our primary aim was to compare the sensitivity of the modified Sgarbossa criteria (MSC) to that of the original Sgarbossa criteria for the diagnosis of occlusion myocardial infarction in patients with ventricular paced rhythm. METHODS: In this retrospective case-control investigation, we studied adult patients with ventricular paced rhythm and symptoms of acute coronary syndrome who presented in an emergency manner to 16 international cardiac referral centers between January 2008 and January 2018...
June 22, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Lauren B Querin, Gary B Dallaghan, Christina Shenvi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brian E Driver, Matthew E Prekker, Richard M Levitan, Jeffrey Corajod, Erin Karl, Andrew D Smith, Robert F Reardon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: When using a standard geometry laryngoscope, experts recommend engaging the hyoepiglottic ligament-a ligament deep to the vallecula not visible to the intubator. The median glossoepiglottic fold (hereafter termed midline vallecular fold) is a superficial mucosal structure, visible to the intubator, that lies in the midline of the vallecula. We aimed to determine whether engaging the midline vallecular fold with a standard geometry blade tip during orotracheal intubation improved laryngeal visualization...
June 22, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Samreen Vora, Joyce Li, Maybelle Kou, Vivienne Ng, Amanda Price, Ilene Claudius, Shruti Kant, Elizabeth Sanseau, Manu Madhok, Marc Auerbach
Thirty million pediatric visits (<18 years old) occur across 5,000 US emergency departments (EDs) each year, with most of these cases presenting to community EDs. Simulation-based training is an effective method to improve and sustain EDs' readiness to triage and stabilize critically ill infants and children, but large simulation centers are mostly concentrated at academic hospitals. The use of pediatric simulation-based training has been limited in the community ED setting due to the high cost of equipment and limited access to content experts in pediatric critical care...
June 18, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Peter B Smulowitz, A James O'Malley, J Michael McWilliams, Lawrence Zaborski, Bruce E Landon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Rates of admission from the emergency department (ED) vary widely across regions of the country, hospitals within regions, and physicians within hospitals. Our objective was to determine the extent to which variation in admission decisions was described by differences in admission rates at these 3 levels. This understanding will serve to better target interventions to modify rates of admission where appropriate. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational cohort study, we analyzed Medicare fee-for-service claims for ED visits from 2012 to 2015 in a 20% random sample of beneficiaries...
June 18, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kevin Hanley, Heidi Wittenberg, Dev Gurjala, Michael H Safir, Esther H Chen
Patients who undergo gender-affirming genital surgeries may present to the emergency department for their postsurgical complications. In this paper, we briefly describe the transfeminine and transmasculine genital procedures, review the diagnosis and management of both common and potentially life-threatening complications, and discuss the criteria for hospitalization and time frame for surgical consultation and referral.
June 17, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jon Mark Hirshon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Zaynah Abid, Nathan Kuppermann, Daniel J Tancredi, Peter S Dayan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Infants with head trauma often have subtle findings suggestive of traumatic brain injury. Prediction rules for traumatic brain injury among children with minor head trauma have not been specifically evaluated in infants younger than 3 months old. We aimed to determine the risk of clinically important traumatic brain injuries, traumatic brain injuries on computed tomography (CT) images, and skull fractures in infants younger than 3 months of age who did and did not meet the age-specific Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) low-risk criteria for children with minor blunt head trauma...
June 17, 2021: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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