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Annals of Emergency Medicine

Véronique Castonguay, Patrick Lavoie, Philippe Karazivan, Judy Morris, Robert Gagnon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Multisource feedback is a process through which different members of the care team assess and provide feedback on residents' competencies, usually those that are less often addressed by traditional assessment methods (ie, communication, collaboration, and professionalism). Feasibility and reliability of multisource feedback have been addressed in previous research. The present study explores emergency residents' perceptions of multisource feedback provided by teaching physicians, nurses, and patients they have worked with during a rotation in an emergency department (ED)...
July 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Amy H Kaji, William J Meurer, Tracy Napper, Lise E Nigrovic, William R Mower, David L Schriger, Richelle J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Joan S Bregstein, Anju M Wagh, Daniel S Tsze
The treatment of severe agitation, aggression, and violent behavior in behavioral health patients who present to the emergency department (ED) often requires the intramuscular administration of a sedative. However, administering an intramuscular sedative to an uncooperative patient is associated with the risk of needlestick injuries to both patients and health care providers, and times to onset of sedation range from 15 to 45 minutes. Intranasal absorption is more rapid than intramuscular, with sedatives such as lorazepam reaching peak serum concentrations up to 6 times faster when administered intranasally...
July 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Henry E Wang, Andrew Humbert, Graham Nichol, Jestin N Carlson, Mohamud R Daya, Ryan P Radecki, Matthew Hansen, Clifton W Callaway, Claudia Pedroza
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Intubation and laryngeal tube insertion are common airway management strategies in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Bayesian analysis offers an alternate statistical approach to assess the results of a trial. We use Bayesian analysis to compare the effectiveness of initial laryngeal tube versus initial intubation strategies on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial. METHODS: We performed a post hoc Bayesian analysis of the Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial...
July 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Catherine Buckley, Sreeja Natesan, Adam Breslin, Michael Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Alister Martin, Nathan Kunzler, Jun Nakagawa, Benjamin Lee, Sarah Wakeman, Scott Weiner, Ali S Raja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Robert J Romanelli, Zijun Shen, Nina Szwerinski, Alexandra Scott, Stephen Lockhart, Alice R Pressman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine racial and ethnic differences in opioid prescribing and dosing for long bone fractures at emergency department (ED) discharge. METHODS: We conducted an electronic health records-based cross-sectional study of adults with long bone fractures who presented to the ED across 22 sites from a health care delivery system (2016 to 2017). We examined differences in opioid prescribing at ED discharge and, among patients with a prescription, differences in opioid dosing (measured as morphine milligram equivalents) by race/ethnicity, using regression modeling with statistical adjustment for patient, fracture, and prescriber characteristics...
July 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Keith E Kocher, Rajan Arora, Benjamin S Bassin, Lee S Benjamin, Michaelina Bolton, Blaine J Dennis, Jason J Ham, Seth S Krupp, Kelly A Levasseur, Michelle L Macy, Brian J O'Neil, James M Pribble, Robert L Sherwin, Nicole S Sroufe, Bradley J Uren, Michele M Nypaver
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Large-scale quality and performance measurement across unaffiliated hospitals is an important strategy to drive practice change. The Michigan Emergency Department Improvement Collaborative (MEDIC), established in 2015, has baseline performance data to identify practice variation across 15 diverse emergency departments (EDs) on key emergency care quality indicators. METHODS: MEDIC is a unique physician-led partnership supported by a major third-party payer...
June 25, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brian Grunau, Takahisa Kawano, Frank X Scheuermeyer, Ian Drennan, Christopher B Fordyce, Sean van Diepen, Joshua Reynolds, Steve Lin, Jim Christenson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the recommended dosing interval of epinephrine is 3 to 5 minutes, but this recommendation is based on expert opinion without data to guide optimal management. We seek to evaluate the association between the average epinephrine dosing interval and patient outcomes. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium continuous chest compression trial, we identified consecutive patients treated with greater than or equal to 2 doses of epinephrine...
June 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kelly C Vranas, Amber L Lin, Dana Zive, Susan W Tolle, Scott D Halpern, Christopher G Slatore, Craig Newgard, Robert Y Lee, Erin K Kross, Donald R Sullivan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) forms are intended to help prevent the provision of unwanted medical interventions among patients with advanced illness or frailty who are approaching the end of life. We seek to evaluate how POLST form completion, treatment limitations, or both influence intensity of treatment among patients who present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of adults who presented to the ED at an academic medical center in Oregon between April 2015 and October 2016...
June 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jestin N Carlson, Mark Zocchi, Karla Marsh, Chloe McCoy, Jesse M Pines, Adam Christensen, Rebecca Kornas, Arvind Venkat
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although intubation is a commonly discussed procedure in emergency medicine, the number of opportunities for emergency physicians to perform it is unknown. We determine the frequency of intubation performed by emergency physicians in a national emergency medicine group. METHODS: Using data from a national emergency medicine group (135 emergency departments [EDs] in 19 states, 2010 to 2016), we determined intubation incidence per physician, including intubations per year, intubations per 100 clinical hours, and intubations per 1,000 ED patient visits...
June 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Zachary F Meisel, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Christina J Charlesworth, Hyunjee Kim, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the overall risk and factors associated with transitioning to persistent opioid or high-risk use after an initial emergency department (ED) opioid prescription. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of Washington Medicaid beneficiaries was performed with linked Medicaid and prescription drug monitoring program files. We identified adults who had no record of opioid prescriptions in the previous 12 months, and who filled a new opioid prescription within 1 day of an ED discharge in 2014...
June 20, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Reuben J Strayer, Andrew A Herring, Lewis S Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Lena M Berg, Anna Ehrenberg, Jan Florin, Jan Östergren, Andrea Discacciati, Katarina E Göransson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the association between emergency department (ED) crowding and 10-day mortality for patients triaged to lower acuity levels at ED arrival and without need of acute hospital care on ED departure. METHODS: This was a registry study based on ED visits with all patients aged 18 years or older, with triage acuity levels 3 to 5, and without need of acute hospital care on ED departure during 2009 to 2016 (n=705,699). The sample was divided into patients surviving (n=705,076) or dying (n=623) within 10 days...
June 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
John Burkhardt, Stephen DesJardins, Larry Gruppen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Women and students underrepresented in medicine are less likely to apply for residency in emergency medicine. The latter are from racial or ethnic populations that are underrepresented as physicians relative to the general population. The factors that result in lower application rates from women and groups underrepresented in medicine are inadequately described in the literature. This study's objective was to test whether female students and those underrepresented in medicine have lower interest in emergency medicine even after controlling for academic ability, student indebtedness, and common career values consistent with emergency medicine career interest...
June 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Sara M Krzyzaniak, Michael Gottlieb, Melissa Parsons, Nicole Rocca, Teresa M Chan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies have demonstrated a gender gap in the percentage of women recognized in national awards, but to our knowledge this gap has not been studied within emergency medicine. This study is designed to evaluate the presence of a gender gap in female representation in awards from national emergency medicine organizations in the United States and Canada. METHODS: The awards from 5 national organizations during the past 5 years were reviewed...
June 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Amber Cragg, Jeffrey P Hau, Stephanie A Woo, Sophie A Kitchen, Christine Liu, Mary M Doyle-Waters, Corinne M Hohl
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Increasing opioid prescribing has been linked to an epidemic of opioid misuse. Our objective is to synthesize the available evidence about patient-, prescriber-, medication-, and system-level risk factors for developing misuse among patients prescribed opioids for noncancer pain. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the scientific and gray literature for studies reporting on risk factors for prescription opioid misuse. Two reviewers independently reviewed titles, abstracts, and full texts; extracted data; and assessed study quality...
June 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Scott G Weiner, Olesya Baker, Dana Bernson, Jeremiah D Schuur
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased availability of naloxone, death rates from opioid overdose continue to increase. The goal of this study is to determine the 1-year mortality of patients who were treated for a nonfatal opioid overdose in Massachusetts emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of patients from 3 linked statewide Massachusetts data sets: a master demographics list, an acute care hospital case-mix database, and death records...
June 19, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Dale M Cotton, David R Vinson, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, E Margaret Warton, Mary E Reed, Uli K Chettipally, Mamata V Kene, James S Lin, Dustin G Mark, Dana R Sax, Ian D McLachlan, Adina S Rauchwerger, Laura E Simon, Anupam B Kharbanda, Elyse O Kharbanda, Dustin W Ballard
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The pediatric Appendicitis Risk Calculator (pARC) is a validated clinical tool for assessing a child's probability of appendicitis. Our objective was to assess the performance of the pARC in community emergency departments (EDs) and to compare its performance with that of the Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS). METHODS: We conducted a prospective validation study from October 1, 2016, to April 30, 2018, in 11 community EDs serving general populations...
June 17, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael E Johansen, Jonathan D Yun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Per visit, emergency department (ED) expenditures have increased more for private insurance than Medicare and Medicaid during the past 20 years, but it is unknown whether ED out-of-pocket expenditures show a similar pattern of increase. We compare increases in per-visit ED out-of-pocket expenditures over time for visits that did not result in hospitalization or observation admissions for private insurance, Medicare, and Medicaid. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional analysis of out-of-pocket expenditures used data from the 1999 to 2016 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a nationally representative survey of the noninstitutionalized US civilian population...
June 17, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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