Christopher S Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kimbia Arno, Dayle Davenport, Meeta Shah, Scott Heinrich, Michael Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kathleen Davenport, Mejbel Alazemi, Jiraporn Sri-On, Shan Liu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Falls are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in adults aged 65 years and older and a common chief complaint in the emergency department (ED). However, the rate of missed opportunities to diagnose and intervene in modifiable fall-risk factors in the ED is unknown. We hypothesize that although ED providers (defined as ED attendings, residents, and advanced care providers) excel at assessing and ruling out injury, they miss the opportunity to identify a large portion of the modifiable risk factors that contribute to a patient's fall...
September 30, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Patrick D Tyler, Lauren M Yang, Samuel B Snider, Adam B Lerner, William C Aird, Nathan I Shapiro
Patients frequently visit the emergency department with conditions that place them at risk of worse outcomes when accompanied by coagulopathy. Routine tests of coagulation-prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, platelets, and fibrinogen-have shortcomings that limit their use in providing emergency care. One alternative is to investigate coagulation disturbance with viscoelastic monitoring (VEM), a coagulation test that measures the timing and strength of blood clot development in real time. VEM is widely used and studied in cardiac surgery, liver transplant surgery, anesthesia, and trauma...
September 25, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ewoud Ter Avest, Denice D Kamphuis, Joost Sprakel, Hester Witteveen, Laura N Hannivoort
During cardiopulmonary resuscitation, one of the first priorities after establishing basic and advanced life support is to identify the cause of the arrest. We present a rare case of cardiac arrest due to a decreased venous return from mediastinal shift caused by a paraesophageal hernia with an incarcerated thoracic gastric volvulus, which was treated by percutaneous gastrostomy.
September 16, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Rain E Freeman, Krislyn M Boggs, Ashley F Sullivan, Mohammad K Faridi, Rachel D Freid, Carlos A Camargo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The number of freestanding emergency departments (EDs) has increased rapidly in the United States, and there is concern that such entities are located near existing EDs rather than in areas lacking emergency care. In 2018, the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission recommended a reduction in Medicare reimbursement rates to freestanding EDs located within 6 miles of the nearest hospital-based ED. We aim to assess the potential effect of this proposal. METHODS: Using the 2016 National Emergency Department Inventory-USA database, we identified the locations and visit volumes of all US freestanding EDs...
September 16, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Marjan Akbari-Kamrani, Bita Akbari-Kamrani, Mehdi Tavakoli
Orbital compartment syndrome is a critical ophthalmic emergency that needs urgent diagnosis and treatment to prevent permanent vision loss caused by optic nerve compression or retinal ischemia. In this article, we present a child with orbital compartment syndrome caused by orbital emphysema as a result of a rare type of ocular trauma and introduce a simple technique to decompress the pressure. The patient was a 4-year-old boy who experienced a compressed air blast to his left eye. He presented to the emergency department with a frozen globe, tight orbit, and chemosis, without any evidence of globe rupture, conjunctival laceration, and orbital bone fracture...
September 16, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
David M Turer, Cameron H Good, Benjamin K Schilling, Robert W Turer, Nicholas R Karlowsky, Lucas A Dvoracek, Heng Ban, Jason S Chang, J Peter Rubin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Throughout the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, many emergency departments have been using passive protective enclosures ("intubation boxes") during intubation. The effectiveness of these enclosures remains uncertain. METHODS: We tested a commercially available passive protective enclosure representing the most common design and compared this with a modified enclosure that incorporated a vacuum system for active air filtration during simulated intubations and negative-pressure isolation...
September 2, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Joseph Palter, Jennifer Westrick, Gary D Peksa
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Documentation in the medical record increases clerical burden to clinicians and reduces time available to spend with patients, thereby leading to less efficient care and increased clinician stress. Scribes have been proposed as one approach to reduce this burden on clinicians and improve efficiency. The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of scribes on throughput, revenue, provider satisfaction, and patient satisfaction in both the emergency department (ED) and non-ED setting...
August 28, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Elizabeth M Goldberg, Sarah J Marks, Linda J Resnik, Sokunvichet Long, Hannah Mellott, Roland C Merchant
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine whether an emergency department (ED)-initiated fall-prevention intervention can reduce subsequent fall-related and all-cause ED visits and hospitalizations in older adults. METHODS: The Geriatric Acute and Post-acute Fall Prevention intervention was a randomized controlled trial conducted from January 2018 to October 2019. Participants at 2 urban academic EDs were randomly assigned (1:1) to an intervention or usual care arm. Intervention participants received a brief, tailored, structured, pharmacy and physical therapy consultation in the ED, with automated communication of the recommendations to their primary care physicians...
August 24, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ali Moghtaderi, Bernard Black, Mark Zocchi, Kevin Klauer, Randy Pilgrim, Jesse M Pines
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine the effect of the Medicaid expansion in 2014 under in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on emergency department (ED) utilization and ED admission rates (fraction of ED visits that lead to hospital admission) during the first 3 postexpansion years (2014 to 2016). METHODS: We compared ED utilization and ED admission rates in 151 EDs in 14 expansion states with those in 376 EDs in 14 nonexpansion states, using difference-in-differences methods with data from 3 national emergency medicine groups from 2013 to 2016...
August 24, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
John S Mikhaeil, Hanna Jalali, Ani Orchanian-Cheff, Lucas B Chartier
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In many cases, emergency department (ED) care leads to investigations for which there are not final results at patient disposition. The follow-up for these test results pending at discharge, most commonly final diagnostic imaging reports and microbiology cultures, is a significant safety concern for patients and a medicolegal risk for ED practitioners. Our objective is to perform a systematic review of the literature and report on the structure and outcomes of existing ED quality assurance processes to address these test results pending at discharge...
August 24, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Rachel E Bridwell, Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
V Ramana Feeser, Anne K Jackson, Nastassia M Savage, Timothy A Layng, Regina K Senn, Harinder S Dhindsa, Sally A Santen, Robin R Hemphill
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Reporting systems are designed to identify patient care issues so changes can be made to improve safety. However, a culture of blame discourages event reporting, and reporting seen as punitive can inhibit individual and system performance in patient safety. This study aimed to determine the frequency and factors related to punitive patient safety event report submissions, referred to as Patient Safety Net reports, or PSNs. METHODS: Three subject matter experts reviewed 513 PSNs submitted between January and June 2019...
August 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Caitlin Naureckas Li, Carlos A Camargo, Mohammad Faridi, Janice A Espinola, Bryan D Hayes, Stephen Porter, Ari Cohen, Margaret Samuels-Kalow
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether a brief intervention at the time of emergency department (ED) discharge can improve safe dosing of liquid acetaminophen and ibuprofen by parents or guardians. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial in the ED of parents and guardians of children 90 days to 11.9 years of age who were discharged with acetaminophen or ibuprofen, or both. Families were randomized to standard care or a teaching intervention combining lay language, simplified handouts, provision of an unmarked dosing syringe, and teach-back to confirm correct dosing...
August 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Bryn E Mumma, Scott D Casey, Robert K Dang, Michelle K Polen, Jasmanpreet C Kaur, John Rodrigo, Daniel J Tancredi, Robert A Narverud, Ezra A Amsterdam, Nam Tran
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to describe the rates of diagnostic reclassification between conventional cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and between combined and sex-specific hs-cTnT thresholds in adult emergency department (ED) patients in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-center, before-and-after, observational study of ED patients aged 18 years or older undergoing single or serial cardiac troponin testing in the ED for any reason before and after hs-cTnT implementation...
August 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Ryan Newberry, Derek Brown, Thomas Mitchell, Joseph K Maddry, Allyson A Arana, Jennifer Achay, Stephen Rahm, Brit Long, Tyson Becker, Gareth Grier, Gareth Davies
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Resuscitative thoracotomy is a time-sensitive, lifesaving procedure that may be performed by emergency physicians. The left anterolateral thoracotomy (LAT) is the standard technique commonly used in the United States to gain rapid access to critical intrathoracic structures. However, the smaller incision and subsequent limited exposure may not be optimal for the nonsurgical specialist to complete time-sensitive interventions. The modified bilateral anterior clamshell thoracotomy (MCT) developed by Barts Health NHS Trust clinicians at London's Air Ambulance overcomes these inherent difficulties, maximizes thoracic cavity visualization, and may be the ideal technique for the nonsurgical specialist...
August 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Alexis Cournoyer, Sophie Grand'Maison, Ann-Marie Lonergan, Justine Lessard, Jean-Marc Chauny, Véronique Castonguay, Martin Marquis, Amélie Frégeau, Vérilibe Huard, Zoé Garceau-Tremblay, Ann-Sophie Turcotte, Éric Piette, Jean Paquet, Sylvie Cossette, Anne-Laure Féral-Pierssens, Renaud-Xavier Leblanc, Valéry Martel, Raoul Daoust
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence regarding the infection risk associated with different modalities of oxygen therapy used in treating patients with severe acute respiratory infection. Health care workers face significant risk of infection when treating patients with a viral severe acute respiratory infection. To ensure health care worker safety and limit nosocomial transmission of such infection, it is crucial to synthesize the evidence regarding the infection risk associated with different modalities of oxygen therapy used in treating patients with severe acute respiratory infection...
August 10, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Franz E Babl, Amit Kochar, Michael Osborn, Meredith L Borland, Adam West, Amanda Williams, Stuart R Dalziel
Most children with peripheral facial palsy will not have a cause identified. Although leukemia can cause facial nerve palsy, the magnitude of the risk is unknown and recommendations for investigations are variable. We are currently conducting a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of prednisolone for the treatment of Bell's palsy in children within the Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative emergency research network. In the course of the assessment for eligibility of the trial, from 644 acute-onset facial palsy presentations we identified 5 children with previously undiagnosed leukemia...
August 9, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Marek C Chawarski, Kathryn Hawk, E Jennifer Edelman, Patrick O'Connor, Patricia Owens, Shara Martel, Edouard Coupet, Lauren Whiteside, Judith I Tsui, Richard Rothman, Ethan Cowan, Lynne Richardson, Michael S Lyons, David A Fiellin, Gail D'Onofrio
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Concurrent use of amphetamine-type stimulants among individuals with opioid use disorder can exacerbate social and medical harms, including overdose risk. The study evaluated rates of amphetamine-type stimulant use among patients with untreated opioid use disorder presenting at emergency departments in Baltimore, MD; New York, NY; Cincinnati, OH; and Seattle, WA. METHODS: Emergency department (ED) patients with untreated opioid use disorder (N=396) and enrolled between February 2017 and January 2019 in a multisite hybrid type III implementation science study were evaluated for concurrent amphetamine-type stimulant use...
August 8, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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