Annals of Emergency Medicine

Steven G Rothrock, David D Cassidy, Mitchell Barneck, Michiel Schinkel, Brian Guetschow, Christiaan Myburgh, Linh Nguyen, Ryan Earwood, Prabath W B Nanayakkara, Rishi S Nannan Panday, Joshua G Briscoe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Debate exists about the mortality benefit of administering antibiotics within either 1 or 3 hours of sepsis onset. We performed this meta-analysis to analyze the effect of immediate (0 to 1 hour after onset) versus early (1 to 3 hours after onset) antibiotics on mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: This review was consistent with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines. Searched databases included PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, as well as gray literature...
June 24, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Wendy Dean, Breanne Jacobs, Rita A Manfredi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Gillian Schmitz, Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Karen A Abrashkin, Jonathan D Washko, Timmy Li, Jonathan Berkowitz, Asantewaa Poku, Jenny Zhang, Kristofer L Smith, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of video versus telephonic communication between community paramedics and online medical control physicians on odds of patient transport to a hospital emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data from a telemedicine-capable community paramedicine program operating within an advanced illness management program that provides home-based primary care to approximately 2,000 housebound patients per year who have advanced medical illness, multiple chronic conditions, activities of daily living dependencies, and past-year hospitalizations...
June 10, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Tony Rosen, Veronica M LoFaso, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Thomas J McCarthy, Christopher Reisig, Kriti Gogia, Alyssa Elman, Arlene Markarian, Neal E Flomenbaum, Rahul Sharma, Mark S Lachs
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Elder abuse is common and has serious health consequences but is underrecognized by health care providers. An important reason for this is difficulty in distinguishing between elder abuse and unintentional trauma. Our goal was to identify injury patterns associated with physical elder abuse in comparison with those of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with unintentional falls. METHODS: We partnered with a large, urban district attorney's office and examined medical, police, and legal records from successfully prosecuted cases of physical abuse of victims aged 60 years or older from 2001 to 2014...
June 10, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Shayna Adams, Richard R Treviño
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Cecilia J Sorensen, Renee N Salas, Caitlin Rublee, Kimberly Hill, Emily Barlett, Paul Charlton, Chelsea Dyamond, Callan Fockele, Rachel Harper, Sabiha Barot, Emilie Calvello-Hynes, Jeremy Hess, Jay Lemery
The adverse influences of climate change are manifesting as health burdens relevant to clinical practice, affecting the very underpinnings of health and stressing the health care system. Emergency medicine is likely to bear a large burden, with its focus on urgent and emergency care, through its role as a safety-net provider for vulnerable populations and as a leader in disaster medicine. Clinically, climate change is affecting emergency medicine practice through the amplification of climate-related disease patterns and epidemiologic shifts for conditions diagnosed and treated in emergency departments (EDs), especially for vulnerable populations...
June 2, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Nicole C O'Connell, Hilary A Woodward, Pamela L Flores-Sanchez, Son H McLaren, Maria Ieni, Kenneth W McKinley, Sripriya T Shen, Peter S Dayan, Daniel S Tsze
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The pain and distress associated with intranasal midazolam administration can be decreased by administering lidocaine before intranasal midazolam (preadministered lidocaine) or combining the lidocaine with midazolam in a single solution (coadministered lidocaine). We hypothesize that coadministered lidocaine is noninferior to preadministered lidocaine for decreasing pain and distress associated with intranasal midazolam administration. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, outcome assessor-blinded, noninferiority trial...
June 2, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Johanna J Nugteren-van Lonkhuyzen, Dylan W de Lange, Antoinette J H P van Riel, Ruben Q Vrolijk, Dana Ohana, Laura Hondebrink
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We studied the severity of poisoning after exposure to low to moderate and high doses of 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-B). METHODS: Patients for whom the Dutch Poisons Information Centre was consulted for 2C-B exposure from 2016 to 2018 were included in a prospective cohort study. Data were collected through telephone interviews with the physician or patient. Patients were categorized according to the reported 2C-B dose: low to moderate (up to 20 mg), high (greater than 20 mg), or unknown...
June 2, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Hemal K Kanzaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Doreen Benary, Juan M Lozano, Rebecca Higley, David Lowe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine whether an ondansetron prescription for pediatric patients with vomiting or gastroenteritis is associated with decreased return visits to the emergency department (ED), and whether alternate diagnoses are more frequent on return visits in patients prescribed ondansetron. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients 6 months to 18 years of age, presenting to a pediatric ED or its affiliated urgent care centers between 2012 and 2017 with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision or International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision diagnosis of gastroenteritis, gastritis, vomiting, or vomiting with diarrhea...
May 26, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Alexander Pomerantz, Ryan Burke, Ari Friedman, Laura Burke, Richard Wolfe, Peter Smulowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Single-payer health care is supported by most Americans, but the effect of single payer on any particular sector of the health care market has not been well explored. We examine the effect of 2 potential single-payer designs, Medicare for All and an alternative including Medicare and Medicaid, on total payments and out-of-pocket spending for treat-and-release emergency care (patients discharged after an emergency department [ED] visit). METHODS: We used the 2013 to 2016 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to determine estimates of payments made for ED visits by insurance type, and the 2015 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey to estimate the proportion of ED visits covered by each insurance type...
May 24, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Maria A de Winter, Eline D P van Bergen, Paco M J Welsing, Adriaan O Kraaijeveld, Karin H A H Kaasjager, Mathilde Nijkeuter
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Syncope is a presenting symptom in 10% to 20% of patients with pulmonary embolism. We perform a meta-analysis to clarify the prognostic value of syncope on short-term mortality in pulmonary embolism patients and its association with hemodynamic instability. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched up until January 7, 2020. Studies reporting inhospital or 30-day mortality of adults with pulmonary embolism with and without syncope were included...
May 24, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Melanie F Molina, Adaira I Landry, Anita N Chary, Sherri-Ann M Burnett-Bowie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Olivier Peyrony, Carole Marbeuf-Gueye, Vy Truong, Marion Giroud, Clémentine Rivière, Khalil Khenissi, Léa Legay, Marie Simonetta, Arben Elezi, Alessandra Principe, Pierre Taboulet, Carl Ogereau, Mathieu Tourdjman, Sami Ellouze, Jean-Paul Fontaine
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to describe the medical history and clinical findings of patients attending the emergency department (ED) with suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and estimate the diagnostic accuracy of patients' characteristics for predicting COVID-19. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all patients tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in our ED from March 9, 2020, to April 4, 2020...
May 21, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Victoria M Scicluna, Michelle Biros, Deneil K Harney, Elizabeth B Jones, Andrea R Mitchell, Rebecca D Pentz, Robert Silbergleit, Candace D Speight, David W Wright, Neal W Dickert
STUDY OBJECTIVE: It is important for researchers interested in trials using the exception from informed consent to understand the views and experiences of enrolled individuals. Previous studies have shown that patient and surrogate attitudes are generally positive. These studies were small and did not include pediatric patients, and interviews were often conducted long after trial enrollment. This study sought to explore attitudes toward exception from informed consent in a larger sample and more contemporaneous setting...
May 20, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Silvia Bressan, Danilo Buonsenso, Ruth Farrugia, Niccolo' Parri, Rianne Oostenbrink, Luigi Titomanlio, Damian Roland, Ruud G Nijman, Ian Maconochie, Liviana Da Dalt, Santiago Mintegi
Study objective: We aimed to describe the variability and identify gaps in preparedness and response to the COVID-19 pandemic in European EDs caring for children. Methods: A cross-sectional point prevalence survey, was developed and disseminated through the pediatric emergency medicine research networks for Europe (REPEM) and the United Kingdom and Ireland (PERUKI). We aimed to include ten EDs for countries with > 20 million inhabitants and five EDs for less populated countries, unless the number of eligible EDs was below five...
May 15, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Safire Valentine, James Majer, Nicole Grant, Antony Ugoni, David M Taylor
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine whether the timing and context of informed consent affects the subjective outcome of patient satisfaction with pain management. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in a single emergency department (ED). Patients aged 18 years or older with a triage pain score of greater than or equal to 4 provided consent to participate in a pain management study. They were randomized to consent in the ED or at follow-up. All patients were followed up at 48 hours post-ED discharge...
May 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Leslie A Bilello, Tatiana Greige, Jennifer M Singleton, Ryan C Burke, Jonathan A Edlow
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Data suggest an increase in neurologic-related hospitalizations during pregnancy. It is crucial for health care providers to develop effective strategies to evaluate this young, generally healthy cohort of patients for whom missed neurologic diagnoses can have devastating results. We aim to describe the epidemiology of this high risk patient population by investigating exam findings, imaging studies, and clinical outcomes of pregnant women presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute neurologic complaints...
May 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Shivon Manchanda, Keya A Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2020: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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