journal

Annals of Emergency Medicine

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31685255/strategies-to-enhance-diversity-in-emergency-medicine-finding-actionable-solutions
#1
EDITORIAL
Clarence H Braddock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31685254/concussion-care-in-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-observational-brief-report
#2
Rachel R Koval, C Christopher Zalesky, Tim P Moran, Jonathan J Ratcliff, David W Wright
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency physicians are often the initial-and only-clinical providers for patients who have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury. This prospective observational study seeks to examine the practice patterns of clinicians in an academic Level I trauma center as they relate to the evaluation of patients who were presumed to be at high risk for mild traumatic brain injury. Specifically, we describe the frequency of a documented mild traumatic brain injury evaluation, diagnosis, and discharge education...
November 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31685253/opioid-use-during-the-six-months-after-an-emergency-department-visit-for-acute-pain-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Benjamin W Friedman, Lorena Abril Ochoa, Farnia Naeem, Hector R Perez, Joanna L Starrels, Eddie Irizarry, Andrew Chertoff, Polly E Bijur, E John Gallagher
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Despite the frequent use of opioids to treat acute pain, the long-term risks and analgesic benefits of an opioid prescription for an individual emergency department (ED) patient with acute pain are still poorly understood and inadequately quantified. Our objective was to determine the frequency of recurrent or persistent opioid use during the 6 months after the ED visit METHODS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study of opioid-naive patients presenting to 2 EDs for acute pain who were prescribed an opioid at discharge...
November 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31668890/right-care-right-place-right-time-the-cms-innovation-center-launches-the-emergency-triage-treat-and-transport-model
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Goldman, Geraldine Doetzer, Arpan Parekh, Brendan Carr, Dawn Alley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31668573/the-effect-of-a-rapid-assessment-zone-on-emergency-department-operations-and-throughput
#5
Jared S Anderson, Ryan C Burke, Kevin D Augusto, Brianne M Beagan, Michele L Rodrigues-Belong, Lori S Frazer, Colin Stack, Anil Shukla, Jen V Pope
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine the effects of a front-end flow model designated the rapid assessment zone on multiple emergency department (ED) operational metrics. METHODS: This was a retrospective, before-after study of consecutive patient visits at an urban community ED. Six-month periods were compared before and after an intervention in 2017 that changed patient flow and the intake process. A lead nurse role splits patient flow immediately on patient arrival according to only age and chief complaint, allowing direct bedding without the bottlenecks of vital sign measurement, full triage assessment, or Emergency Severity Index assignment...
October 23, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31668572/evolution-of-the-strategies-to-innovate-emergency-care-clinical-trials-network-siren
#6
REVIEW
Daren M Beam, Jeremy Brown, Amy H Kaji, Anthony Lagina, Phillip D Levy, Patrick J Maher, Kabir Yadav, Jody A Vogel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31668571/risk-stratification-of-older-adults-who-present-to-the-emergency-department-with-syncope-the-faint-score
#7
Marc A Probst, Thomas Gibson, Robert E Weiss, Annick N Yagapen, Susan E Malveau, David H Adler, Aveh Bastani, Christopher W Baugh, Jeffrey M Caterino, Carol L Clark, Deborah B Diercks, Judd E Hollander, Bret A Nicks, Daniel K Nishijima, Manish N Shah, Kirk A Stiffler, Alan B Storrow, Scott T Wilber, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Older adults with syncope are commonly treated in the emergency department (ED). We seek to derive a novel risk-stratification tool to predict 30-day serious cardiac outcomes. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study of older adults (≥60 years) with unexplained syncope or near syncope who presented to 11 EDs in the United States. Patients with a serious diagnosis identified in the ED were excluded. We collected clinical and laboratory data on all patients...
October 23, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31623936/inhaled-methoxyflurane-provides-greater-analgesia-and-faster-onset-of-action-versus-standard-analgesia-in-patients-with-trauma-pain-inmediate-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-emergency-departments
#8
Alberto M Borobia, Sergio García Collado, César Carballo Cardona, Rosa Capilla Pueyo, Cesáreo Fernández Alonso, Ignacio Pérez Torres, María Corell González, José Ramón Casal Codesido, María Arranz Betegón, Luis Amador Barcela, Aitor Odiaga Andicoechea, Anselma Fernández Testa, Jorge Trigo Colina, Antonio Cid Dorribo, Carmen Del Arco Galán, Jose Carlos Martínez Ávila, Susana Traseira Lugilde, Antonio J Carcas Sansuán
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of the InMEDIATE study was to evaluate the change in intensity of traumatic pain over the first 20 min in adult patients treated with methoxyflurane versus standard analgesic treatment in Spain. This the first randomized, active-controlled, multicenter trial of methoxyflurane in the emergency setting in Europe. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled study that enrolled adult patients with acute moderate to severe (score ≥4 on the 11-point Numeric Rating Scale) trauma-associated pain in 14 Spanish emergency departments...
October 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31623935/the-emergency-department-trigger-tool-a-novel-approach-to-screening-for-quality-and-safety-events
#9
Richard T Griffey, Ryan M Schneider, Alexandre A Todorov
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Trigger tools improve surveillance for harm by focusing reviews on records with "triggers" whose presence increases the likelihood of an adverse event. We refine and automate a previously developed emergency department (ED) trigger tool and present record selection strategies to further optimize yield. METHODS: We specified 97 triggers for extraction from our electronic medical record, identifying 76894 ED visits with greater than or equal to 1 trigger...
October 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31623934/google-versus-pubmed-comparison-of-google-and-pubmed-s-search-tools-for-answering-clinical-questions-in-the-emergency-department
#10
REVIEW
Trisha Morshed, Stephen Hayden
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess which search tool returns the highest-quality, most relevant citations for standardized clinical questions arising at the point of care in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Search terms related to 3 clinical questions commonly encountered in the ED were entered into 5 search tools. The following search engines and tools were assessed: Google Web, Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Clinical Queries set to narrow search, and PubMed Clinical Queries set to broad search...
October 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31591014/characteristics-and-receipt-of-medication-treatment-among-young-adults-who-experience-a-nonfatal-opioid-related-overdose
#11
Sarah M Bagley, Marc R Larochelle, Ziming Xuan, Na Wang, Aneesh Patel, Dana Bernson, Michael Silverstein, Scott E Hadland, Thomas Land, Jeffrey H Samet, Alexander Y Walley
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Nonfatal opioid overdose represents an opportunity to engage young adults into using medication for opioid use disorder. We seek to describe characteristics of young adults who experience nonfatal overdose and estimate rates of and time to medication for opioid use disorder for young adults relative to those aged 26 to 45 years. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study using retrospective administrative data of 15,281 individuals aged 18 to 45 years who survived an opioid-related overdose in Massachusetts between 2012 and 2014, using deidentified, individual-level, linked data sets from Massachusetts government agencies...
October 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31591013/evaluation-of-nonfatal-strangulation-in-alert-adults
#12
Erin C Matusz, Jason T Schaffer, Barbra A Bachmeier, Jonathan M Kirschner, Paul I Musey, Steven K Roumpf, Christian C Strachan, Benton R Hunter
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of evidence to guide the diagnostic evaluation of emergency department (ED) patients presenting after nonfatal strangulation (manual strangulation or near hanging). We seek to define the rate of serious injuries in alert strangled patients and determine which symptoms and examination findings, if any, predict such injuries. METHODS: Using prospectively populated databases and electronic medical record review, we performed a retrospective analysis of alert strangled patients treated in the ED of an academic Level I trauma center...
October 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31564380/stellate-ganglion-nerve-block-by-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-treatment-of-refractory-infarction-induced-ventricular-fibrillation
#13
Colton Margus, Ashish Correa, William Cheung, Erika Blaikie, Kevin Kuo, Adam Hockensmith, Davis Kinas, Trent She
Stellate ganglion blockade has been previously suggested as a treatment option for intractable ventricular arrhythmia; however, its use in emergency department management of pulseless arrest with shockable rhythm has not been described. We report the case of a 65-year-old man brought in by ambulance who complained of chest pain and received an out-of-hospital ECG suggestive of anterior-wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Shortly after arrival, the patient became unresponsive, with no palpable pulse, and was found to be in ventricular fibrillation...
September 26, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31564379/interrater-reliability-accuracy-and-triage-time-pre-and-post-implementation-of-a-real-time-electronic-triage-decision-support-tool
#14
Shelley L McLeod, Joy McCarron, Tamer Ahmed, Keerat Grewal, Nicole Mittmann, Steve Scott, Howard Ovens, Jason Garay, Michael Bullard, Brian H Rowe, Jonathan Dreyer, Bjug Borgundvaag
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The electronic Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (eCTAS) is a real-time electronic triage decision-support tool designed to improve patient safety and quality of care by standardizing the application of the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS). The objective of this study is to determine interrater agreement of triage scores pre- and post-implementation of eCTAS. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study conducted in 7 emergency departments (EDs), selected to represent a mix of triage documentation practices, hospital types, and patient volumes...
September 26, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31563402/managing-delirium-and-agitation-in-the-older-emergency-department-patient-the-adept-tool
#15
REVIEW
Christina Shenvi, Maura Kennedy, Charles A Austin, Michael P Wilson, Michael Gerardi, Sandy Schneider
Agitation and delirium are common reasons for older adults to seek care in the emergency department (ED). Providing care for this population in the ED setting can be challenging for emergency physicians. There are several knowledge translation gaps in how to best screen older adults for these conditions and how to manage them. A working group of subject-matter experts convened to develop an easy-to-use, point-of-care tool to assist emergency physicians in the care of these patients. The tool is designed to serve as a resource to address the knowledge translation and implementation gaps that exist in the field...
September 26, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31561998/antibiotic-delays-and-feasibility-of-a-1-hour-from-triage-antibiotic-requirement-analysis-of-an-emergency-department-sepsis-quality-improvement-database
#16
Michael R Filbin, Jill E Thorsen, Tracey M Zachary, James C Lynch, Minoru Matsushima, Justin B Belsky, Thomas Heldt, Andrew T Reisner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We identify factors associated with delayed emergency department (ED) antibiotics and determine feasibility of a 1-hour-from-triage antibiotic requirement in sepsis. METHODS: We studied all ED adult septic patients in accordance with Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock National Quality Measures in 2 consecutive 12-month intervals. During the second interval, a quality improvement intervention was conducted: a sepsis screening protocol plus case-specific feedback to clinicians...
September 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31561997/one-year-mortality-after-emergency-department-visit-for-nonfatal-opioid-poisoning-a-population-based-analysis
#17
Pamela Leece, Cynthia Chen, Heather Manson, Aaron M Orkin, Brian Schwartz, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aim to characterize the incidence and risk factors for opioid-related and all-cause mortality in the year after an emergency department (ED) visit for nonfatal opioid poisoning by conducting a population-based study. METHODS: We used linked health care databases in Ontario, Canada, to identify individuals who attended an ED for nonfatal opioid poisoning between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016. Using Cox proportional hazards regression, we examined predictors of mortality in the year after discharge (ED or hospital, if admitted)...
September 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31561996/how-accurate-are-the-stroke-severity-scales-for-identifying-large-vessel-occlusions
#18
EDITORIAL
Latha Ganti, J Adam Oostema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31561995/adverse-events-of-novel-therapies-for-hematologic-malignancies-what-emergency-physicians-should-know
#19
REVIEW
Mohsin Shah, Eva Rajha, Courtney DiNardo, Erin Muckey, William G Wierda, Sai-Ching J Yeung
In the past decade, rapid advances in therapeutic target discovery in hematologic malignancies have led to many clinical studies demonstrating efficacy of novel agents. Between 2014 and 2018, Food and Drug Administration approvals of new drugs and agents have increased, with greater than 2 dozen novel agents. Rapidly identifying the risk profiles of these cancer therapeutics that may present with acute toxicities and understanding the timing, sequence, duration, and treatment of disease processes are the most important challenges faced by practitioners in emergency medicine, even in nononcologic centers...
September 24, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31540676/epinephrine-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-what-is-the-role-of-the-timing-interval
#20
EDITORIAL
Nicholas M Mohr, Brett Faine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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