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Annals of Emergency Medicine

Richard Pellatt, Igor Fomin, Carli Pienaar, Randipsingh Bindra, Michael Thomas, Ezekiel Tan, Cindy Mervin, Ping Zhang, Gerben Keijzers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare buddy taping with plaster casting for uncomplicated fifth metacarpal (boxer's) fractures. We hypothesize buddy taping will give superior functional outcomes at 12 weeks, defined as a 10-point difference on the Shortened Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (quickDASH) score. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included patients aged 18 to 70 years, with uncomplicated boxer's fractures in 2 hospitals in Queensland, Australia...
March 7, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Natan Cramer, Neil Munjal, Danielle Ware, Sriram Ramgopal, Dennis Simon, Megan C Freeman, Marian G Michaels, Christopher Stem, Kavita Thakkar, John V Williams, Ashok Panigrahy, Desiree N W Neville, Sylvia Owusu-Ansah
Acute flaccid myelitis is a debilitating illness characterized by acute onset of limb weakness, with one or more spinal segments displaying magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed gray matter lesions. Since the first outbreak in 2014, tracking by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has demonstrated biennial epidemics in the United States, with a current outbreak occurring in 2018. The cases of 3 children with acute flaccid myelitis who were initially thought to have common nonneurologic diagnoses are presented...
February 27, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brian E Driver, Sarah K Scharber, Gabriella B Horton, Darren A Braude, Nicholas S Simpson, Robert F Reardon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Laryngeal tubes are commonly used by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel for out-of-hospital advanced airway management. The emergency department (ED) management of EMS-placed laryngeal tubes is unknown. We seek to describe ED airway management techniques, success, and complications of patients receiving EMS laryngeal tubes. METHODS: Using a keyword text search of ED notes, we identified patients who arrived at our ED with a laryngeal tube from 2010 through 2017...
February 27, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Hong-Mo Shih, Yi-Chuan Chen, Chih-Yu Chen, Fen-Wei Huang, Shih-Sheng Chang, Shao-Hua Yu, Shih-Yun Wu, Wei-Kung Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an emergency department (ED), the early evaluation of their neurologic prognosis is essential for emergency physicians. The aim of this study is to establish a simple and useful assessment tool for rapidly estimating the prognosis of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest after their arrival at an ED. METHODS: A total of 852 patients admitted from January 1, 2015, to June 30, 2017, were prospectively registered and enrolled in the derivation cohort...
February 25, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Elliott Chinn, Benjamin W Friedman, Farnia Naeem, Eddie Irizarry, Freda Afrifa, Eleftheria Zias, Michael P Jones, Scott Pearlman, Andrew Chertoff, Andrew Wollowitz, E John Gallagher
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous lidocaine with that of hydromorphone for the treatment of acute abdominal pain in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial conducted in 2 EDs in the Bronx, NY. Adults weighing 60 to 120 kg were randomized to receive 120 mg of intravenous lidocaine or 1 mg of intravenous hydromorphone. Thirty minutes after administration of the first dose of the study drug, participants were asked whether they needed a second dose of the investigational medication to which they were randomized...
February 25, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Raoul Daoust, Jean Paquet, Alexis Cournoyer, Éric Piette, Judy Morris, Justine Lessard, Véronique Castonguay, Gilles Lavigne, Jean-Marc Chauny
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to evaluate the acute pain intensity evolution in emergency department (ED) discharged patients, using group-based trajectory modeling. This method identifies patient groups with similar profiles of change over time without assuming the existence of a particular pattern or number of groups. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of ED patients aged 18 years or older, with an acute pain condition (≤2 weeks), and discharged with an opioid prescription...
February 20, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kaori Tanaka, Robert A De Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Adam L Sharp, Aileen S Baecker, Ernest Shen, Rita Redberg, Ming-Sum Lee, Maros Ferencik, Shaw Natsui, Chengyi Zheng, Aniket Kawatkar, Michael K Gould, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the association of implementing a History, ECG, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) care pathway on use of hospital care and noninvasive stress testing, as well as 30-day patient outcomes in community emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We performed a prospective interrupted-time-series study of adult encounters for patients evaluated for suspected acute coronary syndrome. The primary outcome was hospitalization or observation, noninvasive stress testing, or both within 30 days...
February 20, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Nicole M Dubosh, Jonathan A Edlow, Tadahiro Goto, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Serious neurologic conditions can be missed on initial emergency department (ED) visit and discharge diagnosis oftentimes remains a nonspecific symptom. We aim to examine the incidence of potential harm from serious neurologic conditions in ED patients discharged with a nonspecific diagnosis of headache or back pain, identify specific missed conditions, and determine risk factors for potential misdiagnosis-related harm. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis using the population-based data of 6 US states from the State Emergency Department Databases and State Inpatient Databases from 2006 through 2012...
February 20, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Steven M Green, Mark G Roback
We review the literature in regard to the accuracy, reliability, and feasibility of the Mallampati score as might be pertinent and applicable to emergency department (ED) airway management and procedural sedation. This 4-level pictorial tool was devised to predict difficult preoperative laryngoscopy and intubation, but is now also widely recommended as a routine screening element before procedural sedation. The literature evidence demonstrates that the Mallampati score is inadequately sensitive for the identification of difficult laryngoscopy, difficult intubation, and difficult bag-valve-mask ventilation, with likelihood ratios indicating a small and clinically insignificant effect on outcome prediction...
February 16, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
James Fair, Michael P Mallin, Aaron Adler, Patrick Ockerse, Jacob Steenblick, Joseph Tonna, Scott T Youngquist
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Point-of-care ultrasonography provides diagnostic information in addition to visual pulse checks during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The most commonly used modality, transthoracic echocardiography, has unfortunately been repeatedly associated with prolonged pauses in chest compressions, which correlate with worsened neurologic outcomes. Unlike transthoracic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography does not require cessation of compressions for adequate imaging and provides the diagnostic benefit of point-of-care ultrasonography...
February 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brit Long, Michael D April
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Reid H Phillips, Matthew Salzman, Rachel Haroz, Rachel Rafeq, Anthony J Mazzarelli, Alexis Pelletier-Bui
We present a case of elective naloxone-induced opioid withdrawal followed by buprenorphine rescue to initiate opioid use disorder treatment in the emergency department. This strategy may represent a safe alternative to prescribing buprenorphine for outpatient initiation, a method that puts the patient at risk for complications of unmonitored opioid withdrawal, including relapse. After confirmation that the naloxone-induced withdrawal was adequately treated with buprenorphine, the patient was discharged with prescribed buprenorphine to follow up in an addiction medicine clinic, where he was treated 2 days later...
February 14, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kei Ouchi, Naomi George, Jeremiah D Schuur, Emily L Aaronson, Charlotta Lindvall, Edward Bernstein, Rebecca L Sudore, Mara A Schonberg, Susan D Block, James A Tulsky
During the last 6 months of life, 75% of older adults with preexisting serious illness, such as advanced heart failure, lung disease, and cancer, visit the emergency department (ED). ED visits often mark an inflection point in these patients' illness trajectories, signaling a more rapid rate of decline. Although most patients are there seeking care for acute issues, many of them have priorities other than to simply live as long as possible; yet without discussion of preferences for treatment, they are at risk of receiving care not aligned with their goals...
February 12, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jason R West, Matthew Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kelsey A Miller, Gary Andolfatto, James R Miner, John H Burton, Baruch S Krauss
We update an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the administration of propofol for emergency department procedural sedation. Both the unique considerations of using this drug in the pediatric population and the substantial new research warrant revision of the 2007 advisory. We discuss the indications, contraindications, personnel requirements, monitoring, dosing, coadministered medications, and adverse events for propofol sedation.
February 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Stephen Y Liang, Daire R Jansson, Patrick G Hogan, Tyler W Raclin, Melanie L Sullivan, Carol E Muenks, Satish Munigala, Stacey L House, Stephanie A Fritz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission dynamics in the emergency department (ED) are not well defined; environmental surfaces may serve as reservoirs for transmission. This study investigates the effect of patients with a history of MRSA colonization or infection on subsequent MRSA contamination of the ED environment. METHODS: Adult ED patients with evidence of an MRSA-positive surveillance result or clinical microbiologic culture in the year preceding their current ED visit were enrolled...
February 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jessica Laureano-Phillips, Richard D Robinson, Subhash Aryal, Somer Blair, Damalia Wilson, Kellie Boyd, Chet D Schrader, Nestor R Zenarosa, Hao Wang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to appraise the evidence in regard to the diagnostic accuracy of a low-risk History, ECG, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) score for prediction of major adverse cardiac events in emergency department (ED) patients. These included 4 subgroup analyses: by geographic region, the use of a modified low-risk HEART score (traditional HEART score [0 to 3] in addition to negative troponin results), using conventional versus high-sensitivity troponin assays in the HEART score, and a comparison of different post-ED-discharge patient follow-up intervals...
February 1, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy, Marco L A Sivilotti, Brian H Rowe, Andrew D McRae, Muhammad Mukarram, Susan Malveau, Annick N Yagapen, Benjamin C Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of pulmonary embolism among patients with syncope is understudied. In accordance with a recent study with an exceptionally high pulmonary embolism prevalence, some advocate evaluating all syncope patients for pulmonary embolism, including those with another clear cause for their syncope. We seek to evaluate the pulmonary embolism prevalence among emergency department (ED) patients with syncope. METHODS: We combined data from 2 large prospective studies enrolling adults with syncope from 17 EDs in Canada and the United States...
January 25, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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