Natsumi Kii, Atsushi Sawada, Yusuke Yoshikawa, Shunsuke Tachibana, Michiaki Yamakage
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) initiates immune responses involving infiltration of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) in the injured brain tissue. These MDMs play a key role in perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs). We tested the hypothesis that preanesthetic treatment with dexmedetomidine (DEX) could suppress infiltration of MDMs into the hippocampus of TBI model mice, ameliorating PND. METHODS: We first performed bone marrow transplantation from green fluorescent protein-transgenic mice to C57BL/6 mice to identify MDMs...
July 28, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Choy Lewis, Annabelle Levine, Lauren C Balmert, Liqi Chen, Saadia S Sherwani, Alexander J Nemeth, Jordan Grafman, Rebecca Gottesman, Charles H Brown, Charles W Hogue
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic brain ischemic injury detected with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is reported in more than one-half of patients after cardiac surgery. There are conflicting findings on whether DWI-detected covert stroke is associated with neurocognitive dysfunction after surgery, and it is unclear whether such ischemic injury affects quality of life or behavioral outcomes. The purpose of this study was to perform exploratory analysis on whether covert stroke after cardiac surgery is associated with delayed neurocognitive recovery 1 month after surgery, impaired quality of life, anxiety, or depression...
July 28, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Brian M Ilfeld, Bahareh Khatibi, Kamal Maheshwari, Sarah J Madison, Wael Ali Sakr Esa, Edward R Mariano, Michael L Kent, Steven Hanling, Daniel I Sessler, James C Eisenach, Steven P Cohen, Edward J Mascha, Dongsheng Yang, Jennifer A Padwal, Alparslan Turan
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that a 6-day continuous peripheral nerve block reduced established postamputation phantom pain 3 weeks after treatment ended. However, the immediate effects of perineural infusion (secondary outcomes) have yet to be reported. METHODS: Participants from 5 enrolling academic centers with an upper or lower limb amputation and established phantom pain received a single-injection ropivacaine peripheral nerve block(s) and perineural catheter insertion(s)...
July 27, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Cathy R Lammers, Amy J Schwinghammer, Brent Hall, Robert Scott Kriss, Debbie A Aizenberg, Jamie L Funamura, Craig W Senders, Vinay Nittur, Richard L Applegate
BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen is a frequently used adjunct analgesic in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. We compared opioid administration following preoperative intravenous (IV) or oral acetaminophen in addition to a standard multimodal regimen to test the hypothesis that 1 loading dose approach would provide superior opioid sparing effects among pediatric surgical patients undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. METHODS: This single-center, double-blind, double-dummy prospective randomized study was conducted in patients ages 3 to 15 years undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy with or without myringotomy and tube placement between September 2017 and July 2019...
July 23, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jacob Karlsson, Anders Svedmyr, Marion Wiegele, Per-Arne Lönnqvist, Mats Wallin, Magnus Hallbäck
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare esophageal Doppler cardiac output (COEDM) against the reference method effective pulmonary blood flow cardiac output (COEPBF), for agreement of absolute values and ability to detect change in cardiac output (CO) in pediatric surgical patients. Furthermore, the relationship between these 2 methods and noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) parameters was evaluated. METHODS: Fifteen children American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) I and II (median age, 8 months; median weight, 9 kg) scheduled for surgery were investigated in this prospective observational cohort study...
July 22, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yingqiu K Zhou, Hemal H Patel, David M Roth
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play critical roles in many health and disease states, including ischemia, inflammation, and pain, which are major concerns in the perioperative period and in critically ill patients. EVs are functionally active, nanometer-sized, membrane-bound vesicles actively secreted by all cells. Cell signaling is essential to physiological and pathological processes, and EVs have recently emerged as key players in intercellular communication. Recent studies in EV biology have improved our mechanistic knowledge of the pathophysiological processes in perioperative and critical care patients...
July 22, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Bhiken I Naik, Kai Kuck, Leif Saager, Sachin Kheterpal, Karen B Domino, Karen L Posner, Anik Sinha, Ami Stuart, Chad M Brummett, Marcel E Durieux, Michelle T Vaughn, Nathan L Pace
BACKGROUND: Opioids remain the primary mode of analgesia intraoperatively. There are limited data on how patient, procedural, and institutional characteristics influence intraoperative opioid administration. The aim of this retrospective, longitudinal study from 2012 to 2016 was to assess how intraoperative opioid dosing varies by patient and clinical care factors and across multiple institutions over time. METHODS: Demographic, surgical procedural, anesthetic technique, and intraoperative analgesia data as putative variables of intraoperative opioid utilization were collected from 10 institutions...
July 21, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Joseph G Tharion, Suniti Kale
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is an important element of high-quality health care. Virtual reality has been studied for its sedative and analgesic effects, as it immerses the patient into an artificial interactive environment. Deriving from this concept, we hypothesized that an immersive experience that engulfs the senses with noninteractive visual and auditory stimuli would have a positive effect on satisfaction and anxiety in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. METHODS: We enrolled and randomized 90 patients undergoing spinal anesthesia for arthroscopic knee surgery into an immersive experience arm and an intravenous midazolam sedation arm...
July 19, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jonathan B Cohen, Sephalie Y Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Fumitaka Yanase, Shervin H Tosif, Leonid Churilov, Ken Yee, Rinaldo Bellomo, Kerry Gunn, Chang Kim, Camilla Krizhanovskii, Robert G Hahn, Bernhard Riedel, Laurence Weinberg
BACKGROUND: The endothelial glycocalyx, a carbohydrate-rich layer coating all endothelial surfaces, plays a fundamental role in the function of microcirculation. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using dexamethasone and albumin to protect the endothelial glycocalyx in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Secondary and exploratory outcomes included efficacy and safety. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, open-label, blinded end point, phase 2, randomized trial...
July 15, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jessica C Young, Nabarun Dasgupta, Brooke A Chidgey, Til Stürmer, Virginia Pate, Michael Hudgens, Michele Jonsson Funk
BACKGROUND: While preoperative gabapentinoids are commonly used in surgical multimodal analgesia protocols, little is known regarding the effects this therapy has on prolonged postsurgical opioid use. In this observational study, we used data from a large integrated health care system to estimate the association between preoperative day-of-surgery gabapentinoids and the risk of prolonged postsurgical opioid use. METHODS: We identified adults age ≥65 years undergoing major therapeutic surgical procedures from a large integrated health care system from 2016 to 2019...
July 14, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Ahmad Mohammad Ismail, Rebecka Ahl, Maximilian Peter Forssten, Yang Cao, Per Wretenberg, Tomas Borg, Shahin Mohseni
BACKGROUND: The high mortality rates seen within the first postoperative year after hip fracture surgery have remained relatively unchanged in many countries for the past 15 years. Recent investigations have shown an association between beta-blocker (BB) therapy and a reduction in risk-adjusted mortality within the first 90 days after hip fracture surgery. We hypothesized that preoperative, and continuous postoperative, BB therapy may also be associated with a decrease in mortality within the first year after hip fracture surgery...
July 14, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Ryan S D'Souza, Matthew A Warner, Oludare O Olatoye, Brendan J Langford, Danette L Bruns, Darrell R Schroeder, William D Mauck, Kalli K Schaefer, Nafisseh S Warner
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal drug delivery systems (IDDS) have been utilized for over 3 decades for management of chronic pain and spasticity. Patients with IDDS may present for surgical procedures unrelated to the IDDS device, although data are limited regarding perioperative outcomes. METHODS: This is a historical matched cohort study conducted between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2016 of patients with an opioid-based IDDS versus matched control patients undergoing surgery excluding interventional pain procedures...
July 14, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Peter Marhofer, Jens Halm, Georg C Feigl, Tim Schepers, Markus W Hollmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mary Cooter Wright, Thomas Bunning, Sarada S Eleswarpu, Mitchell T Heflin, Shelley R McDonald, Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadalayan, Heather E Whitson, Pablo Martinez-Camblor, Stacie G Deiner, Miles Berger
BACKGROUND: Some older adults show exaggerated responses to drugs that act on the brain. The brain's response to anesthetic drugs is often measured clinically by processed electroencephalogram (EEG) indices. Thus, we developed a processed EEG-based measure of the brain's resistance to volatile anesthetics and hypothesized that low scores on it would be associated with postoperative delirium risk. METHODS: We defined the Duke Anesthesia Resistance Scale (DARS) as the average bispectral index (BIS) divided by the quantity (2...
July 12, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Karuna Wongtangman, Luca J Wachtendorf, Michael Blank, Stephanie D Grabitz, Felix C Linhardt, Omid Azimaraghi, Dana Raub, Stephanie Pham, Samir M Kendale, Ying H Low, Timothy T Houle, Matthias Eikermann, Richard J Pollard
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cerebral blood flow is mainly determined by cerebral perfusion pressure and cerebral autoregulation of vasomotor tone. About 1% of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery develop ischemic stroke. We hypothesized that intraoperative hypotension within a range frequently observed in clinical practice is associated with an increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke within 7 days after surgery. METHODS: Adult noncardiac surgical patients undergoing general anesthesia at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Massachusetts General Hospital between 2005 and 2017 were included in this retrospective cohort study...
July 12, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Daniele Bonvicini, Alessandro De Cassai, Giulio Andreatta, Michele Salvagno, Ilaria Carbonari, Anna Carere, Marcello Fornasier, Davide Iori, Michele Negrello, Giuseppe Grutta, Paolo Navalesi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. Surgery is a mainstay therapy unfortunately burdened by complications as severe postoperative pain. Regional anesthesia may play a role in a multimodal strategy for prevention and treatment of postoperative pain. The main purpose of this survey was to investigate the rate of use of regional anesthesia techniques in patients undergoing breast surgery in the Italian public hospital system. METHODS: We designed an online survey that consisted of 22 questions investigating the anesthesia management of breast surgery, particularly focused on regional anesthesia...
July 7, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Hyunzu Kim, Jeong Uk Han, Woojoo Lee, Yoon Sang Jeon, Jimyeong Jeong, Chunwoo Yang, Jae Woung Uhm, Youngjun Kim
BACKGROUND: Relative to interscalene block, superior trunk block (STB) provides comparable analgesia and a reduced risk of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis. However, the incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis remains high when a standard volume (15 mL) of local anesthetic is used. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of local anesthetic volume of STB on the incidence of phrenic nerve palsy, as well as its analgesic efficacy following arthroscopic shoulder surgery. METHODS: Patients scheduled for elective arthroscopic shoulder surgery were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided STB using either 5- or 15-mL 0...
June 28, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Lin Su, Xiaoqing Bai, Tongxiang Niu, Xinqi Zhuang, Beibei Dong, Yize Li, Yonghao Yu, Guolin Wang
BACKGROUND: Remifentanil can induce postinfusion cold hyperalgesia. N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activation and upregulation of transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) membrane trafficking in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) are critical to cold hyperalgesia derived from neuropathic pain, and TRPM8 activation causes NMDAR-dependent cold response. Contribution of P2Y1 purinergic receptor (P2Y1R) activation in DRG to cold pain hypersensitivity and NMDAR activation induced by P2Y1R upregulation in neurons are also unraveled...
June 23, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Chengluan Xuan, Wen Yan, Dan Wang, Cong Li, Haichun Ma, Ariel Mueller, Jingping Wang
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve block (PNB) with perineural local anesthetic is used for anesthesia or analgesia with many benefits. To extend these benefits, various adjuvant drugs have been used to prolong the duration of analgesia. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of various adjuvants at prolonging the duration of sensory and motor blockade for PNB. METHODS: A network meta-analysis of placebo-controlled and active randomized controlled trials was performed comparing 10 adjuvants...
June 21, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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