Journals American Journal of Surgical P...

American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Maria R Raspollini, Donna Hansel, Eva Compérat, Sean R Williamson, Fredrik Liedberg, Kenneth A Iczkowski, Lukas Bubendorf, Theodorus H van der Kwast, Liang Cheng
Emerging data on T1 bladder cancer subcategorization (aka substaging) suggests a correlation with oncological outcomes. The International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) organized the 2022 consensus conference in Basel, Switzerland to focus on current issues in bladder cancer and tasked working group 3 to make recommendations for T1 subcategorization in transurethral bladder resections. For this purpose, the ISUP developed and circulated a survey to their membership querying approaches to T1 bladder cancer subcategorization...
September 22, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Amos Muench, Daniel Teichmann, Dorothee Spille, Peter Kuzman, Eilis Perez, Sven-Axel May, Wolf C Mueller, Theodoros Kombos, Shokufe Nazari-Dehkordi, Julia Onken, Peter Vajkoczy, Georgios Ntoulias, Conceição Bettencourt, Andreas von Deimling, Werner Paulus, Frank L Heppner, Arend Koch, David Capper, David Kaul, Christian Thomas, Leonille Schweizer
Diffuse gliomas in adults encompass a heterogenous group of central nervous system neoplasms. In recent years, extensive (epi-)genomic profiling has identified several glioma subgroups characterized by distinct molecular characteristics, most importantly IDH1/2 and histone H3 mutations. A group of 16 diffuse gliomas classified as "adult-type diffuse high-grade glioma, IDH-wildtype, subtype F (HGG-F)" was identified by the DKFZ v12.5 Brain Tumor Classifier. Histopathologic characterization, exome sequencing, and review of clinical data was performed in all cases...
September 22, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Jose A Plaza, Liubov Kastnerova, Alejandro A Gru, Brittany Dulmage, Martin J Sangueza, Dmitry V Kazakov
Spiradenomas are benign cutaneous adnexal neoplasms with sweat gland differentiation that can manifest a broad spectrum of histomorphologic appearances. While they show a characteristic histopathologic phenotype and clinical management involves surgical excision with a low risk of recurrence, there have been unusual histopathologic variants of spiradenoma reported, including cases with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC)-like changes. Primary cutaneous ACC is a low-grade malignancy presenting as a subcutaneous mass with the potential for local invasion, perineural invasion, and high rates of local recurrence after excision...
September 22, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Jason L Hornick, Jose A Plaza, Thomas Mentzel, Alejandro A Gru, Thomas Brenn
Although mostly recognized in the metastatic setting dedifferentiated and undifferentiated melanomas are increasingly recognized as cutaneous and, less commonly, mucosal primary tumors. Their diagnosis is challenging and dependent on sampling and recognition of a conventional melanoma precursor and/or detection of a mutation in a conventional melanoma driver gene. PRAME immunohistochemistry has recently become an important ancillary tool in the separation of melanoma from benign nevi, but no comprehensive studies exist regarding its value in the detection of dedifferentiated and undifferentiated melanomas and their separation from atypical fibroxanthoma and pleomorphic dermal sarcoma, the main differential diagnoses on sun-damaged skin...
September 19, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Scott C Bresler, Hailey L Gosnell, Jennifer S Ko, Christina V Angeles, Shira Ronen, Steven D Billings, Rajiv M Patel
Subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare, poorly understood variant. The current literature on the subject is sparse, consisting of isolated case reports and small clinicopathologic studies compromised by the inclusion of both its more common and indolent counterpart, cutaneous LMS (atypical intradermal smooth muscle neoplasm), as well as highly aggressive deep-seated tumors. Thus, precise clinicopathologic characterization is limited. Cases of subcutaneous LMS reviewed at the University of Michigan and Cleveland Clinic from 1994 to 2022 were included in this retrospective study...
September 19, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Simona Stolnicu, Douglas Allison, Aaron M Praiss, Basile Tessier-Cloutier, Amir Momeni Boroujeni, Jessica Flynn, Alexia Iasonos, Rene Serrette, Lien Hoang, Andrei Patrichi, Cristina Terinte, Anna Pesci, Claudia Mateoiu, Ricardo R Lastra, Takako Kiyokawa, Rouba Ali-Fehmi, Mira Kheil, Esther Oliva, Kyle M Devins, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Robert A Soslow
We aimed to determine the frequency of human papillomavirus-independent (HPVI) cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and to describe clinicopathologic characteristics. Among 670 patients with surgically treated SCCs in an established multi-institutional cohort, 447 had available tissue. Tissue microarrays were constructed and studied by in situ hybridization (ISH) for high-risk and low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) mRNA and immunohistochemistry for p16 and p53. Tumors were HPVI if negative by HPV ISH and they failed to show diffuse p16 positivity by immunohistochemistry, and human papillomavirus-associated (HPVA) if positive by HPV ISH...
September 13, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Bin Xu, Bayan Alzumaili, Karina C Furlan, German H Martinez, Marc Cohen, Ian Ganly, Ronald A Ghossein, Nora Katabi
Multiple 3-tiered grading systems exist for mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC), leading to controversial results on the frequency and prognostic values of each grade. We aimed to identify prognostic histologic factors and to evaluate grading schemes in this retrospective study of 262 resected primary head and neck MECs. The rate of nodal metastasis was 8.4%. Large tumor size, tumor fibrosis, infiltrative border, lymphovascular invasion, perineural invasion, atypical mitosis, mitotic index (MI) ≥4/2 mm2 (4/10 HPFs), necrosis, and pT4 stage were associated with increased risk of nodal metastasis...
September 11, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Gulisa Turashvili, Qingqing Ding, Yi Liu, Limin Peng, Miralem Mrkonjic, Haider Mejbel, Yihong Wang, Huina Zhang, Gloria Zhang, Jigang Wang, Shi Wei, Xiaoxian Li
The latest World Health Organization classification of breast tumors recommends diagnosing malignant phyllodes tumors (MPTs) when all 5 morphologic features are present: permeative borders, marked stromal cellularity, marked stromal cytologic atypia, ≥10 mitoses per 10 high-power fields (HPF), and stromal overgrowth. We assessed the performance of this recommendation to capture MPTs and features predictive of distant metastasis in a multi-institutional retrospective study. Of 65 MPTs, most cases had at least focally permeative borders (58, 89%), with marked stromal cellularity in 40 (61...
September 11, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Igor Odintsov, Fei Dong, Jeffrey P Guenette, Karen J Fritchie, Vickie Y Jo, Christopher D M Fletcher, David J Papke
Sinonasal myxomas are rare benign tumors of the maxillary bone and sinus. There is published evidence that sinonasal myxomas occurring in children up to 3 years of age ("infantile sinonasal myxomas") are clinically distinctive and harbor Wnt signaling pathway alterations. Here, we characterized 16 infantile sinonasal myxomas and compared them to 19 maxillary myxomas and 11 mandibular myxomas in older patients. Clinical follow-up was available for 21 patients (46%) overall (median: 2.6 y; range: 4 mo to 21 y), including 10 of 16 infantile sinonasal myxomas (62%)...
September 7, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Huili Li, Pedram Argani, Eitan Halper-Stromberg, Tamara L Lotan, Maria J Merino, Victor E Reuter, Andres Matoso
Renal cell carcinoma with fibromyomatous stroma (RCCFMS) include ELOC/TCEB1-mutated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and those with TSC1/2/MTOR alterations. Besides morphologic similarity, most of these tumors is known to be diffusely positive for carbonic anhydrase IX and cytokeratin 7 by immunohistochemistry. We previously showed strong and diffuse expression of GPNMB (glycoprotein nonmetastatic B) in translocation RCC and eosinophilic renal neoplasms with known TSC1/2/MTOR alterations. We retrospectively identified molecularly confirmed cases of TCEB1/ELOC-mutated RCC (7 tumors from 7 patients), and RCCFMS with alterations in TSC1/2/MTOR (6 tumors from 5 patients, 1 patient with tuberous sclerosis syndrome)...
September 4, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Alexander T Kikuchi, Sarah Umetsu, Nancy Joseph, Sanjay Kakar
A subset of primary liver carcinomas (PLCs) cannot be classified as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) based on morphology and immunohistochemistry (IHC). This includes tumors with morphology suggestive of HCC but lacking hepatocellular marker expression, tumors with ambiguous morphology characterized by co-expression of hepatocellular and cholangiocytic markers, and undifferentiated pleomorphic carcinomas with no discernible line of differentiation on morphology or IHC...
September 4, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Annikka Weissferdt
Benign cysts of the thoracic cavity represent a group of rare lesions, the spectrum of which is expanding. Most of these are congenital in nature, secondary to abnormal development during embryogenesis while a smaller subset represents acquired lesions. We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathologic features of 136 patients with thoracic cysts that were treated in our institution over a span of 20 years. The patients were 85 female and 51 male patients with an average age of 51 years. Eighty-four of the patients were asymptomatic (62%), the remainder mainly presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, or cough...
August 29, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Mingfang Sun, Jian Wang, Qingfu Zhang, Xuyong Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Monami Kishi, Takuo Hayashi, Keiko Mitani, Kenji Tsuboshima, Masatoshi Kurihara, Masaki Hosoya, Yasuhito Sekimoto, Makiko K Okura, Yoichiro Mitsuichii, Yoshinori Okada, Jun Kanno, Takashi Yao, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Kuniaki Seyama
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)-associated tumor, characterized by the expression of neural crest lineages including neuronal markers. Neural crest cells can differentiate into multiple cell types that contribute to tissues associated with TSC-related tumors, and TSC-related tumors could be specifically associated with distinct neural crest subtypes. This study aimed to clarify the clinicopathological effects of expression of neuronal markers in LAM. Lung tissues from 40 patients with LAM (of whom 13, 1, and 26 had undergone lung transplantation, lobectomy, and partial lung resection, respectively) were immunohistochemically analyzed...
August 21, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Bokyung Ahn, Seung-Ho Choi, Doeun Kim, Deokhoon Kim, Kyung-Ja Cho
Mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs) are the most common salivary gland malignancy and have a diverse histology. Many histologic variants of MEC have now been confirmed with characteristic molecular alterations involving CRTC1::MAML2 or CRTC1::MAML3 translocations. We here report a series of 7 trabecular variants of MEC which showed a predominant trabecular or nested pattern with either focal glandular differentiation or clear cell change and keloid-like fibrosis in the background. In addition, these tumors were either negative or showed only focal positivity for p63...
August 17, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Sonja Chen, Sara Gallant, Michael J Cunningham, Caroline D Robson, Alanna J Church, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Alyaa Al-Ibraheemi
Sinonasal myxoma (SNM) is a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm with distinct clinicopathologic features and aberrant nuclear localization of β-catenin by immunohistochemistry. The molecular underpinnings have been linked to that of a "myxoid variant" of desmoid fibromatosis. Herein, we describe a series of 8 cases of SNM and propose clinical and biologic differences compared with desmoid fibromatosis. Our patient cohort is comprised of 5 males and 3 females (age range: 10 mo to 12 y), 6 of whom are aged less than or equal to 24 months...
August 17, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Baris Boyraz, Arnaud da Cruz Paula, Kelly A Deveraux, Ivy Tran, Edaise M da Silva, Robert H Young, Matija Snuderl, Britta Weigelt, Esther Oliva
Endometrial/endometrioid stromal tumors are rare and morphologically heterogenous, and their diagnosis may be challenging. We identified 3 endometrial/endometrioid stromal tumors with identical and previously undescribed histologic features and herein report their morphologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular profiles. Patients were 53, 62, and 79 years. Tumors were well-circumscribed, tan-yellow solid masses measuring 10.0, 11.0, and 18.7 cm, and were intramyometrial (n=2) or in the broad ligament (n=1)...
August 15, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Aslihan Yavas, Jianyou Tan, Hulya Sahin Ozkan, Funda Yilmaz, Michelle D Reid, Pelin Bagci, Jiaqi Shi, Jinru Shia, Volkan Adsay, David S Klimstra, Olca Basturk
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) has been increasingly reported in various anatomic sites. However, it is still extremely rare in the pancreas. Herein, we present the first series of primary pancreatic SFTs. Nine cases of primary pancreatic SFTs were analyzed. The mean age was 60 years (36 to 76 y) with no sex predilection. Six tumors were in the head, 3 were in the tail. On imaging studies, tumors were described as a hypervascular mass, 2 revealed cystic areas, and 3 were favored to be neuroendocrine tumors...
August 11, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Jiang Xue, Wenyi Zhang, Jianyun Zhang, Jiaying Bai, Aobo Zhang, Xiaowen Guo, Lisha Sun, Tiejun Li
The updated classification of odontogenic tumors by the World Health Organization (WHO) has included adenoid ameloblastoma (AA) as a distinct entity. However, distinguishing between AA and dentinogenic ghost cell tumor (DGCT) can still be challenging due to their significant morphologic similarities. In this study, we aimed to compare the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular characteristics of AA and DGCT to aid in their differentiation and to shed light on their pathologic mechanisms. Thirteen cases of AA and 14 cases of DGCT (15 samples) were analyzed, along with 11 cases of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) and 18 cases of conventional ameloblastoma (AM) for comparative purposes...
August 7, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Linda M Ernst, Ena Basic, Alexa A Freedman, Erica Price, Sunitha Suresh
Placental examination, frequently performed by general surgical pathologists, plays an important role in understanding patient outcomes and explaining the underlying mechanisms leading to preterm birth (PTB). This secondary analysis of a larger study recurrent PTB aimed to compare diagnoses between general surgical pathologists (GSP) and a perinatal pathologist (PP) in preterm placentas examined between 2009 and 2018 at a single institution. Pathology diagnoses were coded into 4 categories (acute inflammation [AI], chronic inflammation, fetal vascular malperfusion, maternal vascular malperfusion) based on original reports for the GSP and second review by the single PP...
August 7, 2023: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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