Ezra S Brooks, Jason Tong, Catherine W Mavroudis, Christopher Wirtalla, Giorgos C Karakousis, Nicole M Saur, Cary B Aarons, Najjia N Mahmoud, Rachel R Kelz
BACKGROUND: Insurance status has been strongly associated with both access to and outcomes of colon resection (CRS). Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), individual states opted to participate in Medicaid expansion (ME) and adopt essential health benefits (EHB). METHODS: We performed a quasi-experimental difference-in-differences (DID) analysis of 2012-2017 state-level inpatient claims with risk adjustment. We examined frequency of emergent presentation and in-hospital death...
January 19, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amalia Cochran, Alan E Harzman, E Christopher Ellison
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify potential variables predictive of a resident achieving faculty future entrustment as a way to enhance attending surgeons' planning of teaching in the operating room leading to improved resident operative autonomy in practice. METHODS: We reviewed 273 resident performance evaluations from 91 surgical cases that were collected from 11 general surgery chief residents and 16 attending surgeons between April 2018 and June 2019 using a validated evaluation instrument...
January 19, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Meryl Ethridge, Joseph Keller, Elango Edhayan
BACKGROUND: Many institutions obtain a delayed head CT in patients presenting after a ground level fall while on anticoagulation. This study evaluates their risk of delayed ICH. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 635 patients on anticoagulation who sustained a ground level fall with a negative initial head CT and a GCS above eight. Patients underwent a repeat head CT within 48 h. The ISS was calculated for all patients. RESULTS: Five patients had a delayed ICH...
January 16, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
E Christopher Ellison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, J Madison Hyer, Adrian Diaz, Dimitrios Moris, Alizeh Abbas, Mary Dillhoff, Jordan M Cloyd, Aslam Ejaz, Joal D Beane, Allan Tsung, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess variations in outcomes among patients undergoing resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at centers with varied accreditation status. METHODS: Patients undergoing resection for HCC from 2004 to 2016 were identified from the linked SEER-Medicare database. Short- and long-term outcomes as well as expenditures associated with receipt of surgery were examined based on cancer center accreditation. RESULTS: Among 1390 patients, 46...
January 13, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Ahmed Alburakan, Ouf A Aloofy, Muath A Alasheikh, Turky A Bn Duraihem, Abdulmajeed Altoijry, Talal A Altuwaijri, Thamer A Nouh
BACKGROUND: The emergency surgery score (ESS) has emerged as a tool to predict outcomes in emergency surgery (EGS) patients. Our study examines the ability of ESS to predict outcomes in EGS admissions. METHODS: All EGS admissions to King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC) from January 2017 to October 2019 were included. ESS was calculated for each patient. Correlations between ESS and 30-day mortality and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: 1607 patients were included...
January 13, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Eva Barbara Deerenberg, Jenny Meng Shao, Sharbel Adib Elhage, Robert Lopez, Sullivan Armando Ayuso, Vedra Abdomerovic Augenstein, B Todd Heniford
INTRODUCTION: Fascial closure during complex abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) improves recurrence and wound infection rates. To facilitate fascial closure in massive ventral hernias preoperative Botulinum Toxin A (BTA) injection can be used. METHODS: 2:1 propensity-scored matching of patients undergoing AWR with and without BTA was performed based on BMI, defect width, and loss of domain using CT-volumetric analysis. RESULTS: 145 patients without BTA and 75 with BTA were comparable on hernia size (240vs251cm2 , p = 0...
January 13, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Emanuel Eguia, Patrick J Sweigert, Ruojia Debbie Li, Paul C Kuo, Haroon Janjua, Gerard Abood, Marshall S Baker
BACKGROUND: Prior studies comparing the efficacy of laparoscopic (LHR) and open hepatic resection (OHR) have not evaluated inpatient costs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases to identify patients undergoing hepatic resection between 2010 and 2014. RESULTS: 10,239 patients underwent hepatic resection. 865 (8%) underwent LHR and 9374 (92%) underwent OHR...
January 12, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Alper Toker, J W Awori Hayanga, Ankit Dhamija, Ghulam Abbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Leonie Heskin, Marie Morris, Oscar Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Joseph R Scalea, Wen Xie, Georgios Vrakas, Stephen H Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Paul D Rozeboom, Michael R Bronsert, William G Henderson, Catherine G Velopulos, Kathryn L Colborn, Anne Lambert-Kerzner, Robert C McIntyre, Robert A Meguid
BACKGROUND: The Surgical Risk Preoperative Assessment System (SURPAS) uses eight variables to accurately predict postoperative complications but has not been sufficiently studied in emergency surgery. We evaluated SURPAS in emergency surgery, comparing it to the Emergency Surgery Score (ESS). METHODS: SURPAS and ESS estimates of 30-day mortality and overall morbidity were calculated for emergency operations in the 2009-2018 ACS-NSQIP database and compared using observed-to-expected plots and rates, c-indices, and Brier scores...
January 8, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
George A Taylor, Jeffrey C Liu, Cecelia E Schmalbach, Lindsay E Kuo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative laboratory tests (PLTs) are not associated with complications among healthy patients in various ambulatory procedures. This association has not been studied in ambulatory endocrine surgery. METHODS: The 2015-2018 NSQIP datasets were queried for elective outpatient thyroid and parathyroid procedures in ASA class 1 and 2 patients. Outcomes were compared between those with and without PLTs. Multivariate regression examined factors predictive of receiving PLTs...
January 7, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Kathryn Rosenbaum, Areg Grigorian, Eric Yeates, Catherine Kuza, Dennis Kim, Kenji Inaba, Matthew Dolich, Jeffry Nahmias
OBJECTIVES: To perform a national analysis of pediatric firearm violence (PFV), hypothesizing that black and uninsured patients would have higher risk of mortality. METHODS: The Trauma Quality Improvement Program (2014-2016) was queried for PFV patients ≤16 years-old. Multivariable logistic regression models on all patients and a subset excluding severe brain injuries were performed. RESULTS: The PFV mortality rate was 11.2%. 66.5% of PFV patients were black (p < 0...
January 6, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Chandler S Cortina, Erin P Ward, Amanda L Kong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Koichi Tamura, Kenji Matsuda, Tetsuya Horiuchi, Kohei Noguchi, Tsukasa Hotta, Katsunari Takifuji, Makoto Iwahashi, Hiromitsu Iwamoto, Yuki Mizumoto, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: In rectal cancer surgery, insertion of transanal tube has been shown to have efficacy to prevent anastomotic leakage. This randomized controlled study aims to clarify the incidence of anastomotic leakage with or without transanal tube in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective low anterior resection were randomly allocated to either have transanal tube insertion or not for five days after surgery. We examined the incidence of anastomotic leakage, postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality...
January 2, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Tejeshwar Jain, Vikas Dudeja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Yangyang R Yu, Richard Sola, Abdur R Jamal, Tyler C Friske, Huirong Zhu, Eric Rosenfeld, Mark V Mazziotti, Shawn D St Peter, Sohail R Shah
BACKGROUND: Preoperative testing to assess the physiologic impact of pectus excavatum is sometimes ordered to meet third-party payor preauthorization requirements. This study describes the utility of physiologic testing prior to minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients that underwent MIRPE from 1/2012-7/2016 at two academic children's hospitals. Data collected included demographics, insurance, Haller Index (HI), pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and echocardiograms (ECHO) obtained, and preauthorization denials...
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Surgery
Julie B Siegel, Shelby Allen, Kathryn E Engelhardt, Katherine A Morgan, William P Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the relationship between overall survival (OS) and distance travelled to the treating facility for patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma and to determine whether this relationship was dependent upon the structural factors of the treating facility. METHODS: Using National Cancer Database, we focused on extremes of travel: Local (<12.5 miles to treating facility) and Travel (≥50 miles). We analyzed OS with Cox models; we estimated stratified models to assess interaction between distance and facility characteristics (volume, academic status)...
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Surgery
Peter J Fabri
After surviving a massive heart attack, I was advised to develop a ten-year plan to retire. During the journey, I learned what had given me joy during my career as an academic surgeon and developed hobbies that replicated that joy. On December 1, 2014, I fully retired and walked away. While I am proud to have been a surgeon, and have many fond memories, I haven't looked back. Yes, a surgeon can retire, but successful retirement requires that you "Find Your Joy" and new ways to fulfill it.
December 31, 2020: American Journal of Surgery
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