Sarah Bueno Motter, Gabriela Rangel Brandão, Júlia Iaroseski, Joana Letícia Spadoa, Amanda Vieira Alves, Candida Mozzaquatro de Assis Brasil, Gabriela Salzano Silva, Ana Luíza Kolling Konopka, Camila R Guetter
We aimed to analyze the representativeness of women surgeons in academic and leadership positions in Brazil. We investigated women representativeness across surgical departments of 25 Brazilian universities (2020); across boards of 10 Brazilian surgical societies (2020), and, as speakers, in 281 surgical events (Jan-2014 to Dec-2020). From 383 individuals in university departments, 43 (11.2 %) were women (p < 0.001). Only three universities had women as department chairs. From 163 positions in surgical societies, only 14 positions (8...
July 22, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Toni Beninato, Amanda M Laird, Claire E Graves, F Thurston Drake, Amal Alhefdhi, James A Lee, Jennifer H Kuo, Elizabeth G Grubbs, Tracy S Wang, Janice L Pasieka, Carrie C Lubitz
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on endocrine surgeons. METHODS: A survey on the professional, educational, and clinical impact was sent to active and corresponding members of the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES) in September 2020. Chi-square and paired t-test were used for analysis. RESULTS: 77 surgeons responded (14.8 %). All reported suspension of elective surgeries; 37.7 % were reassigned to other duties during this time...
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Marianne Casilla-Lennon, Stephanie Hanchuk, Sijin Zheng, David D Kim, Benjamin Press, Justin V Nguyen, Alyssa Grimshaw, Michael S Leapman, Jaime A Cavallo
BACKGROUND: The personal health and professional impact of physician pregnancy requires further study. We performed a comprehensive scoping review of physician pregnancy to synthesize and assess the evidence to aid decision-making for relevant stakeholders. METHODS: A search of 7 databases resulted in 3733 citations. 407 manuscripts were included and scored for evidence level. Data were extracted into themes using template analysis. RESULTS: Physician pregnancy impacted colleagues through perceived increased workload and resulted in persistent stigmatization and discrimination despite work productivity and academic metrics being independent of pregnancy events...
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Yoshimasa Akashi, Koichi Ogawa, Toshiaki Narasaka, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Katsuji Hisakura, Yusuke Ohara, Yohei Owada, Kinji Furuya, Osamu Shimomura, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Shinji Hashimoto, Tatsuya Oda
BACKGROUND: Various minimally invasive surgery (MIS) procedures are used for gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs), and their technical difficulties vary. Preoperative understanding of difficulties is crucial; however, objective indicators are lacking. METHODS: Gastric SMTs requiring MIS (n = 36) were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative factors were evaluated using a multivariate linear regression analysis. A scoring system was then constructed, and its feasibility was evaluated...
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Lauren Johnson, Ashley Huppe, Jamie L Wagner, Amanda L Amin, Christa R Balanoff, Kelsey E Larson
BACKGROUND: When borderline axillary lymph nodes (bALN) are identified on ultrasound (US) for breast cancer (BC) patients, preoperative management is unclear. We aimed to evaluate if core needle biopsy (CNB) for bALN is clinically helpful or disruptive. METHODS: Retrospective review of BC patients with bALN from 2014 to 2019 was performed. Clinicopathologic data were compared for those who did and did not have CNB. RESULTS: CNB (n = 34) and no CNB (n = 31) were similar with respect to clinicopathologic factors...
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Luise I Pernar, Alaina Geary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Jonathan T Bliggenstorfer, Asya Ofshteyn, Katherine Bingmer, Meridith Ginesi, Emily Steinhagen, Sharon L Stein
BACKGROUND: Management of stage IV rectal adenocarcinoma is categorized into curative and palliative-intent strategies. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of and associations with curative-intent treatment in stage IV rectal cancer. METHODS: The National Cancer Database from 2010 to 2016 was queried for patients with stage IV rectal adenocarcinoma and were grouped into curative-intent and non-curative management. Multivariable logistic regression was used to predict use of curative-intent management...
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Marisa E Schwab, Shan Dong, Billie R Lianoglou, Alessandra F Aguilar Lucero, Grace B Schwartz, Mary E Norton, Tippi C MacKenzie, Stephan J Sanders
BACKGROUND: To identify genes associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) to help understand the etiology and inform prognosis. METHODS: We performed exome sequencing on fetuses with CDH and their parents to identify rare genetic variants likely to mediate risk. We reviewed prenatal characteristics and neonatal outcomes. RESULTS: Data were generated for 22 parent-offspring trios. Six Likely Damaging (LD) variants were identified in five families (23 %)...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Eric Kim, Kimberly M Ramonell, Nicolas Mayfield, Brenessa Lindeman
BACKGROUND: Hypoparathyroidism is the most common complication of bilateral operations in the central neck. No formal guidelines exist for the management of permanent hypoparathyroidism. Current treatment involving medical supplementation increases resource utilization and patient morbidity while decreasing quality of life. Parathyroid allotransplant (PA) offers a promising therapy; however, the optimal technique and role of immunosuppression (IS) in PA remain unclear. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library databases to identify studies investigating PA for treatment of hypoparathyroidism...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Sarah Kelley, Anna C Beck, Ronald J Weigel, James R Howe, Sonia L Sugg, Geeta Lal
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary Tumor Boards (MDT) are used to obtain input regarding cancer management. This study assessed the impact of our institutional Endocrine MDT. METHODS: MDT notes on patients with thyroid cancer treated during 2012-2018 were abstracted retrospectively from the electronic medical record. Management change (MC) was prospectively collected by the MDT coordinator. Biannual evaluations reviewed the impact of the MDT as observed by attendees...
July 18, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Luis Felipe Cabrera Vargas, Mauricio Pedraza, Francisco Alejandro Rincon, Jean Andre Pulido, Andres Mendoza-Zuchini, Daniel Gomez, Maria Daniela Moreno-Villamizar, Paula Ferrada, Paula Lopez, Salomone Di Saverio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Jodi-Ann Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Jose A Negrete Manriquez, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Sue J Nahm, Christian de Virgilio
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic brings unforeseen challenges in medical education. The current study aims to: 1) describe third-year medical students' experiences with the novel Shelf-Exam-Type Question Didactics (SET QD) before (in-person) and during (virtual) COVID-19. METHODS: In this qualitative study using grounded theory, we conducted purposive sampling and used 23 in-depth semi-structured interviews. Audio recordings were transcribed verbatim and the Atlas...
July 13, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Tonna McCutcheon, Alexander T Hawkins, Molly M Ford, M Benjamin Hopkins, Timothy Geiger, Roberta L Muldoon
BACKGROUND: Anal intraepithelial neoplasia is a precursor to anal carcinoma. The use of anal pap cytology has been accepted as a screening method for anal carcinoma, however sensitivity and specificity vary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study involving 155 HIV-positive males with abnormal anal cytology and surgical resection. RESULTS: 155 patients met inclusion criteria. 31.6% were diagnosed with atypical cytology, 61.9% with low-grade cytology, and 6...
July 8, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Joana E Ochoa, Ava J Socik, Michael W Yeh, James X Wu
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of evidence suggests that surgeons have historically over-prescribed opioid pain medications following thyroid and parathyroid surgery, thereby potentially contributing to the current US opioid epidemic. We reviewed the evidence supporting multimodal methods of pain control after cervical endocrine surgery. METHODS: Fifty-one randomized clinical trials, 9 prospective cohort studies, 7 retrospective studies/reviews, and 1 survey regarding pain management for cervical endocrine surgery were include...
July 8, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Carla F Justiniano, Anthony Loria, Nicholas J Hellenthal, Matthew P Schiralli, Flavia C Soto, Jeffrey B Albright, LouAnne Giangreco, Larissa K Temple, Fergal J Fleming
In small hospitals, where the majority of colectomy surgery is performed in the United States, adopting more individual ERAS components improves outcomes. The accumulation of individual ERAS components influences outcome more than an "ERAS designation" and this can be used by small hospitals to improve outcomes.
July 7, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Nicole Mundackal, Mustafa Erdem Arslan, Christopher Decker, Hwajeong Lee, Ankesh Nigam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Navdeep Singh, April Logan, Austin Schenk, Ginny Bumgardner, Guy Brock, Ashraf El-Hinnawi, Amer Rajab, Kenneth Washburn
BACKGROUND: Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) parameters are influenced by donor variables which further affect recipient outcome. Interplay between these parameters can help to predict kidney performance on pump and the long term outcome. METHODS: All the kidneys transplanted at our center between May 2013 through November 2017 were included in the study. Donor and recipient data was obtained from internal database. Multiple logistic regression models with backward selection were used to determine significant donor and pump variables...
July 6, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Adil A Shah, Wasay Nizam, Anthony Sandler, Muhammad Maaz Zuberi, Faraz A Khan, Paul Manicone, Timothy Kane, Mikael Petrosyan
INTRODUCTION: Non-accidental trauma (NAT) affects 2 per 100,000 children annually in the US and may go unrecognized. The aim of this study to quantify the burden of NAT and to evaluate regional variations in mortality. METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2000-2012) was queried for pediatric patients presenting with a diagnosis of NAT. Data was obtained on demographic, clinical and hospital-level characteristics. Primary outcome measure was mortality. Multivariable logistic regression models for age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance status, income quartile, hospital volume, region (Northeast, South, West and Midwest), teaching status, and injury severity scores...
July 2, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
Savannah M Renshaw, Anand Gupta, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Hernia-Related Quality of Life Survey (HerQLes) assesses quality of life (QoL) after hernia repair, but the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is unknown. METHODS: Using 2013-2019 data from the Abdominal Core Health Quality Collaborative, HerQLes summary scores were calculated for VHR patients at baseline and 1-year. MCID was calculated using distribution-based method. Multivariate regression identified factors associated with exceeding MCID at 1 year...
July 2, 2021: American Journal of Surgery
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