American Journal of Sports Medicine

Man Soo Kim, In Jun Koh, Chul Kyu Kim, Keun Young Choi, Ki Ho Kang, Yong In
BACKGROUND: Although the medial compartment continues to sustain some loading after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) in varus-deformed knees, no studies have examined the relationship between medial meniscal extrusion (MME) and patient-reported outcome measures after MOWHTO. PURPOSE: To examine whether compartmental baseline MME was associated with patient-reported outcome measures after MOWHTO. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael J Toth, Timothy W Tourville, Thomas B Voigt, Rebecca H Choquette, Bradley M Anair, Michael J Falcone, Mathew J Failla, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapslaey, Nathan K Endres, James R Slauterbeck, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and reconstruction (ACLR) promote quadriceps muscle atrophy and weakness that can persist for years, suggesting the need for more effective rehabilitation programs. Whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can be used to prevent maladaptations in skeletal muscle size and function is unclear. PURPOSE: To examine whether early NMES use, started soon after an injury and maintained through 3 weeks after surgery, can preserve quadriceps muscle size and contractile function at the cellular (ie, fiber) level in the injured versus noninjured leg of patients undergoing ACLR...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Andrea Ferretti, Edoardo Monaco, Edoardo Gaj, Valerio Andreozzi, Alessandro Annibaldi, Alessandro Carrozzo, Thais Dutra Vieira, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Adnan Saithna
BACKGROUND: Preoperative grade 3 pivot shift has been reported to be associated with higher rates of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) failure, persistent instability, and inferior patient-reported outcomes. The etiology of a high-grade pivot shift is multifactorial, and numerous factors have been suggested to be responsible. More attention has recently been focused on injury to the anterolateral structures (ALS) as a risk factor for a grade 3 pivot shift. PURPOSE: To determine risk factors for grade 3 pivot shift, including soft tissue and osseous parameters...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kyle Gouveia, Ajay Shah, Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Nicole Simunovic, Josip N Cakic, Anil S Ranawat, Olufemi R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic iliopsoas tendon release is a surgical treatment option for painful snapping hips, although it has been associated with controversy surrounding potential complications including decreased hip flexion strength, iatrogenic hip instability, and iliopsoas atrophy. PURPOSE: To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of arthroscopic iliopsoas tenotomy during hip arthroscopic surgery as an intervention for painful snapping hips. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Alberto Grassi, Luca Macchiarola, Gian Andrea Lucidi, Vito Coco, Iacopo Romandini, Giuseppe Filardo, Maria Pia Neri, Maurilio Marcacci, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Meniscal allograft transplant (MAT) is considered an effective procedure for reducing pain and improving knee function. Nevertheless, the current knowledge regarding the results of MAT is limited to short- to mid-term follow-up studies, especially for arthroscopic techniques. PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes, reoperations, and failures with a minimum follow-up of 10 years after fresh-frozen MAT performed arthroscopically with soft tissue fixation...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ahmed K Emara, Daniel Grits, Linsen T Samuel, Alexander J Acuña, James T Rosneck, Atul F Kamath
BACKGROUND: Although the negative effects of smoking have been documented for other types of arthroscopic procedures, there is limited information regarding its influence on hip arthroscopy outcomes. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of smoking on the following outcomes after hip arthroscopy: patient-reported outcomes (PROs), the degree of improvement in PROs relative to baseline, complication rates, and rates of revision arthroscopy and/or conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA)...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ho Won Lee, Chenyu Wang, Tae Soo Bae, Ik Yang, Yuxuan Liu, Chang Won Park, Hyong Nyun Kim
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the use of the anterior half of the peroneus longus tendon (AHPLT) as an autograft source for ligament reconstruction has gained popularity. However, no reports are available regarding tendon regeneration after harvesting of the AHPLT. HYPOTHESIS: When half of the tendon is preserved during tendon harvesting, the quality of the regenerated tendon is better than that of the regenerated tendon after full-thickness harvesting. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4; controlled laboratory study...
July 6, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Austin M Looney, David X Wang, Christine M Conroy, Jake E Israel, Blake M Bodendorfer, Caroline M Fryar, Mark A Pianka, Nathan P Fackler, Michael G Ciccotti, Edward S Chang
BACKGROUND: The modified Jobe and docking techniques are the most common techniques used for elbow ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction. Previous systematic reviews have suggested that the docking technique results in superior outcomes as compared with the Jobe (figure-of-8) technique. However, these included results from earlier studies in which the flexor-pronator mass (FPM) was detached and an obligatory submuscular ulnar nerve transposition was performed. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose was to compare the outcomes and return-to-play (RTP) time between the docking and figure-of-8 techniques for UCL reconstruction...
June 29, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Peter D Fabricant, Matthew D Milewski, Regina O Kostyun, Eric J Wall, Andrew M Zbojniewicz, Jay C Albright, Kathryn L Bauer, James L Carey, Henry G Chambers, Eric W Edmonds, Henry B Ellis, Theodore J Ganley, Daniel W Green, Nathan L Grimm, Benton E Heyworth, Mininder S Kocher, Aaron J Krych, Roger M Lyon, Stephanie W Mayer, Jeffrey J Nepple, Carl W Nissen, Andrew T Pennock, John D Polousky, Paul Saluan, Kevin G Shea, Marc A Tompkins, Jennifer Weiss, S Clifton Willimon, Philip L Wilson, Rick W Wright, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: Imaging characteristics of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions quantified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are often used to inform treatment and prognosis. However, the interrater reliability of clinician-driven MRI-based assessment of OCD lesions is not well documented. PURPOSE: To determine the interrater reliability of several historical and novel MRI-derived characteristics of OCD of the knee in children. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 3...
June 25, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Travis L Frantz, Andrew G Shacklett, Adam S Martin, Jonathan D Barlow, Grant L Jones, Andrew S Neviaser, Gregory L Cvetanovich
BACKGROUND: Superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesion is a common shoulder injury, particularly in overhead athletes. While surgical management has traditionally consisted of SLAP repair, high rates of revision and complications have led to alternative techniques, such as biceps tenodesis (BT). While BT is commonly reserved for older nonoverhead athletes, indications for its use have expanded in recent years. PURPOSE: To determine functional outcomes and return-to-sport rates among overhead athletes after BT for SLAP tear...
June 24, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Bianca De Nard, Maurits Olthof, Silvan Beeler, Samy Bouaicha, Christian Gerber, Karl Wieser
BACKGROUND: Long-term results of the arthroscopic Bankart repair in patients older than 40 years are unknown and may be favorable in terms of postoperative glenohumeral arthritis as opposed to the long-term results of the open Latarjet procedure in patients older than 40 years. PURPOSE: To analyze our long-term results of the arthroscopic Bankart repair for recurrent anterior shoulder instability in patients older than 40 years of age and to compare these results with previously published long-term results of the Latarjet procedure in a cohort of similar age...
June 24, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Lachlan M Batty, Jerome Murgier, Julian A Feller, Richard O'Sullivan, Kate E Webster, Brian M Devitt
BACKGROUND: Recent biomechanical studies have demonstrated that the Kaplan fibers (KFs) of the iliotibial band play a role in the control of anterolateral rotation of the knee. However, controversy exists regarding whether the KFs are injured in conjunction with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. PURPOSE: To establish the prevalence of radiological injury to the KFs in the ACL-injured knee; to evaluate the effect of the time interval between injury and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on diagnosis of KF injury; and to assess for any association between KF injury and other qualitative radiological findings...
June 24, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Dong Min Kim, In Kyoung Shim, Myung Jin Shin, Jae Hee Choi, Yu Na Lee, In-Ho Jeon, Hyojune Kim, Dongjun Park, Erica Kholinne, Kyoung-Hwan Koh
BACKGROUND: Tearing and degeneration of the rotator cuff at the tendon-to-bone junction are common in adults aged ≥50 years. Few studies have reported on the relationship between estrogen and the rotator cuff enthesis. In addition to preventing bone loss, selective estrogen receptor modulators have been shown to improve tendon and muscle quality. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of raloxifene (RLX) and vitamin D on rotator cuff tendon-to-bone healing in a rat model...
June 23, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Robert Spang, Jonathan Egan, Philip Hanna, Aron Lechtig, Daniel Haber, Joseph P DeAngelis, Ara Nazarian, Arun J Ramappa
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence regarding the optimum extensor-sided fixation method for medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. There is increased interest in avoiding patellar drilling via soft tissue-only fixation to the distal quadriceps, thus reconstructing the medial quadriceps tendon-femoral ligament (MQTFL). The biomechanical implications of differing extensor-sided fixation constructs remain unknown. HYPOTHESIS: The null hypothesis was there would be no differences between traditional MPFL reconstruction and MQTFL reconstruction with respect to resistance to lateral translation, patellar position, or patellofemoral contact pressures...
June 18, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Joo Han Oh, Ji Soon Park, Sung-Min Rhee, Joo Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Some studies reporting clinical outcomes after transosseous-equivalent (TOE) repair have attributed type II rotator cuff failure to excessive bridging suture tension, as it can cause overloading on the medial row. In a previous biomechanical cadaveric study, increasing bridging suture tension over 90 N did not improve the contact area and ultimate failure load of the TOE construct, despite increasing the contact force and contact pressure. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of different bridging suture tensions after TOE rotator cuff repair based on the results of a previous biomechanical study...
June 18, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Lukas Jud, Sarvpreet Singh, Timo Tondelli, Philipp Fürnstahl, Sandro F Fucentese, Lazaros Vlachopoulos
BACKGROUND: Increased external tibial torsion and tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TTTG) affect patellofemoral instability and can be corrected by tibial rotational osteotomy and tibial tuberosity transfer. Thus far, less attention has been paid to the combined correction of tibial torsion and TTTG by supratuberositary osteotomy. PURPOSE: To quantify the effect of a supratuberositary torsional osteotomy on TTTG. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
June 18, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Thomas Chauvet, Emil Haritinian, Florian Baudin, Philippe Collotte, Laurent Nové-Josserand
BACKGROUND: Some full-thickness subscapularis tendon tears and partial tears of the deep layer are difficult to characterize, leading to misdiagnosis. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between displacement of the middle glenohumeral ligament (MGHL) and retracted tears of the subscapularis tendon as a possible test to improve diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Videos (N = 100) recorded during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair involving a torn subscapularis tendon were analyzed retrospectively to assess the association between the MGHL test (nonvisibility of the MGHL) and other objective anatomic criteria...
June 18, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jonathan D Haskel, Samuel L Baron, Mikhail Zusmanovich, Thomas Youm
BACKGROUND: The practice of hip arthroscopy is increasing in popularity, which has highlighted the importance of identifying risk factors that predict hip arthroscopy outcomes. The literature suggests that lumbar spine disease is an independent risk factor for poorer outcomes following total hip arthroplasty; however, the effect of lumbar spine disease on hip arthroscopy outcomes has not been fully investigated. At present, there is a paucity of literature investigating the effect of coexisting hip and lumbar spine disease on outcomes after hip arthroscopy...
June 18, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Rany El Nashar, Samy Bouaicha, Karl Wieser, Christian Gerber
BACKGROUND: It is unclear which structural parameters determine the development or the absence of chronic pseudoparalysis (PP) in patients with massive rotator cuff tears (mRCTs). PURPOSE: To determine whether scapular morphologic characteristics and extent of rotator cuff tearing are independent factors associated with chronic PP. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, 50 patients with chronic mRCT (≥2 fully detached tendons) and active scapular plane abduction less than 90° (PP group) were age- and sex-matched with a cohort of 50 patients with chronic mRCT and an active scapular plane abduction greater than 90° (non-PP; NPP group)...
June 16, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jakob E Schanda, Claudia Keibl, Patrick Heimel, Xavier Monforte, Stefan Tangl, Xaver Feichtinger, Andreas H Teuschl, Andreas Baierl, Christian Muschitz, Heinz Redl, Christian Fialka, Rainer Mittermayr
BACKGROUND: Bone mineral density at the humeral head is reduced in patients with chronic rotator cuff tears. Bone loss in the humeral head is associated with repair failure after rotator cuff reconstruction. Bisphosphonates (eg, zoledronic acid) increase bone mineral density. HYPOTHESIS: Zoledronic acid improves bone mineral density of the humeral head and biomechanical properties of the enthesis after reconstruction of chronic rotator cuff tears in rats. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
June 16, 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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