Journals American Journal of Sports Med...

American Journal of Sports Medicine
Han Gyeol Choi, Joo Sung Kim, You Sun Jung, Hyun Jin Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee
BACKGROUND: Lateral hinge fracture (LHF) is a major complication of opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and may result in poor outcomes. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to develop preventive strategies by identifying factors that affect LHFs. We hypothesized that (1) each LHF type would have different affecting factors and that (2) specific operative strategies that can contribute to the prevention of each LHF type can be developed. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 30, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Gabrielle R Kuhn, Blake T Moskal, Marie E Rivers, Rebecca E Cheski, Jeffrey S Earhart, Rolando Izquierdo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Robert H Brophy, Laura J Huston, Isaac Briskin, Annunziato Amendola, Charles L Cox, Warren R Dunn, David C Flanigan, Morgan H Jones, Christopher C Kaeding, Robert G Marx, Matthew J Matava, Eric C McCarty, Richard D Parker, Armando F Vidal, Michelle L Wolcott, Brian R Wolf, Rick W Wright, Kurt P Spindler
BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage and meniscal damage are commonly encountered and often treated at the time of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Our understanding of how these injuries and their treatment relate to outcomes of ACLR is still evolving. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether articular cartilage and meniscal variables are predictive of 10-year outcomes after ACLR. We hypothesized that articular cartilage lesions and meniscal tears and treatment would be predictors of the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) (all 5 subscales), and Marx activity level outcomes at 10-year follow-up after ACLR...
July 29, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Lionel E Lazaro, Daniel P Lim, Trevor J Nelson, Sam A Eberlein, Michael B Banffy, Melodie F Metzger
BACKGROUND: Contact between the acetabular labrum and articular cartilage of the femoral head creates a suction seal that helps maintain stability of the femoral head in the acetabulum. A femoral osteochodroplasty may occasionally extend proximally into the femoral head, diminishing the articular surface area available for sealing contact. PURPOSE: To determine whether proximal overresection decreases the rotational and distractive stability of the hip joint. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
July 28, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jessica L Downs, Kyle W Wasserberger, Jeff W Barfield, Michael G Saper, Gretchen D Oliver
BACKGROUND: In the throwing elbow, increased elbow torque has been correlated with increased injury risk. Additional insight into the relationships between anthropometric factors and elbow joint loading is warranted. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship among physical limb length characteristics, elbow kinetics, and elbow kinematics in youth baseball pitchers and to examine the relationship between elbow varus loading rate and elbow kinetics. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
July 28, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Niv Marom, Hamidreza Jahandar, Thomas J Fraychineaud, Zaid A Zayyad, Hervé Ouanezar, Daniel Hurwit, Andrew Zhu, Thomas L Wickiewicz, Andrew D Pearle, Carl W Imhauser, Danyal H Nawabi
BACKGROUND: There is concern that utilization of lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) in conjunction with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) may disturb lateral compartment contact mechanics and contribute to joint degeneration. HYPOTHESIS: ACLR augmented with LET will alter lateral compartment contact mechanics in response to simulated pivoting maneuvers. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Loads simulating a pivot shift were applied to 7 cadaveric knees (4 male; mean age, 39 ± 12 years; range, 28-54 years) using a robotic manipulator...
July 27, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Donald R Fredericks, Sean E Slaven, Conor F McCarthy, Marvin E Dingle, Daniel I Brooks, Theodore J Steelman, Michael A Donohue, Daniel W Griffin, Jeffrey R Giuliani, Jonathan F Dickens
BACKGROUND: Patellar tendon ruptures have a reported incidence of 0.68 per 100,000 person-years in the general population. The epidemiology of surgically treated patellar tendon ruptures in the US military has yet to be reported, which would provide opportunity for identification of risk factors for these otherwise healthy and active patients. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of patellar tendon rupture in the Military Health System (MHS) population and to analyze demographic patterns, surgical fixation methods, and rerupture rates...
July 27, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Laurent Audigé, Soheila Aghlmandi, Cécile Grobet, Thomas Stojanov, Andreas M Müller, Quinten Felsch, Johannes Gleich, Matthias Flury, Markus Scheibel
BACKGROUND: Postoperative shoulder stiffness (POSS) is a prevalent adverse event after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) that is associated with major limitations in everyday activities and prolonged rehabilitation. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose was to develop a predictive model for determining the risk of POSS within 6 months after primary ARCR. We hypothesized that sufficient discrimination ability of such a model could be achieved using a local institutional database...
July 26, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Suzanne M Tabbaa, Farshid Guilak, Robert L Sah, William D Bugbee
BACKGROUND: Storage procedures and parameters have a significant influence on the health of fresh osteochondral allograft (OCA) cartilage. To date, there is a lack of agreement on the optimal storage conditions for OCAs. PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature on (1) experimental designs and reporting of key variables of ex vivo (laboratory) studies, (2) the effects of various storage solutions and conditions on cartilage health ex vivo, and (3) in vivo animal studies and human clinical studies evaluating the effect of fresh OCA storage on osteochondral repair and outcomes...
July 26, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jeremy J Bergeron, Quentin P Sercia, Justin Drager, Stéphane Pelet, Etienne L Belzile
BACKGROUND: Bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) and hamstring tendon (HT) autografts are the most utilized grafts for primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The ability of a patient to return to a preinjury level of physical activity is a key consideration in choice of graft; the influence of graft choice on this metric lacks consensus in the literature. PURPOSE: To assess the effects of autograft choice (BPTB vs HT) for primary ACL reconstruction on return to baseline level of physical activity and/or sports participation...
July 26, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jong Pil Yoon, Hun-Min Kim, Jin-Hyun Choi, Hae Rim Kang, Dong Hyun Kim, Young Seo Choi, Kyung-Rock Kim, Ja-Yeon Kim, Samuel Baek, Seok Won Chung
BACKGROUND: The healing failure rate after rotator cuff repair is considerably high. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a porous suture containing transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) on the sustained release of TGF-β1 and rotator cuff healing in a rat model. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A porous suture was developed, and its tensile strength was measured. TGF-β1 was delivered using the porous suture, and a TGF-β1 release test and human fibroblast proliferation assay were performed...
July 21, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Alessandro Di Martino, Francesco Perdisa, Giuseppe Filardo, Maurizio Busacca, Elizaveta Kon, Maurilio Marcacci, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Cell-free devices have been introduced to restore osteochondral defects, avoiding the limitations of cell-based procedures. Among these, an osteochondral scaffold made of type I collagen and hydroxyapatite has been investigated with promising results up to medium-term follow-up. However, the clinical and imaging results over time still need to be documented. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcome and tissue maturation at long-term follow-up after the implantation of the osteochondral scaffold...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jessica M Eager, William J Warrender, Carly B Deusenbery, Grant Jamgochian, Arjun Singh, Joseph A Abboud, Kara L Spiller
BACKGROUND: Impaired healing after rotator cuff repair is a major concern, with retear rates as high as 94%. A method to predict whether patients are likely to experience poor surgical outcomes would change clinical practice. While various patient factors, such as age and tear size, have been linked to poor functional outcomes, it is currently very challenging to predict outcomes before surgery. PURPOSE: To evaluate gene expression differences in tissue collected during surgery between patients who ultimately went on to have good outcomes and those who experienced a retear, in an effort to determine if surgical outcomes can be predicted...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Stephanie K Eble, Oliver B Hansen, Karan A Patel, Mark C Drakos
BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment for patients with severe ankle instability or failed previous ankle stabilization is not well defined, and newer techniques have limited presence in the literature. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes after modified anatomic lateral ligament reconstruction using hamstring auto- or allograft in primary cases versus revision cases. We hypothesized that patients undergoing a revision procedure would demonstrate inferior patient-reported and radiographic outcomes...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Mari Leppänen, Jari Parkkari, Tommi Vasankari, Sami Äyrämö, Juha-Pekka Kulmala, Tron Krosshaug, Pekka Kannus, Kati Pasanen
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating biomechanical risk factors for knee injuries in sport-specific tasks are needed. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between change of direction (COD) biomechanics in a 180-degree pivot turn and knee injury risk among youth team sport players. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A total of 258 female and male basketball and floorball players (age range, 12-21 years) participated in the baseline COD test and follow-up...
July 20, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kelly R Berckmans, Birgit Castelein, Dorien Borms, Thierry Parlevliet, Ann Cools
BACKGROUND: Scapular muscle activity during shoulder exercises has been explored with surface electromyography (EMG). However, knowledge about the activity of deeper-layer scapular muscles is still limited. PURPOSE: To investigate EMG activation of the deeper-layer scapular stabilizers (levator scapulae [LS], rhomboid major [RM], pectoralis minor [Pm] muscles) together with superficial muscle activity (upper [UT], middle [MT], and lower trapezius [LT] and serratus anterior [SA]) during 4 exercises often used for training scapular function...
July 19, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Robert A Magnussen, Emily K Reinke, Laura J Huston, Isaac Briskin, Charles L Cox, Warren R Dunn, David C Flanigan, Morgan H Jones, Christopher C Kaeding, Matthew J Matava, Richard D Parker, Matthew V Smith, Rick W Wright, Kurt P Spindler
BACKGROUND: A primary goal of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is to reduce pathologically increased anterior and rotational laxity of the knee, but the effects of residual laxity on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after ACLR remain unclear. HYPOTHESIS: Increased residual laxity at 2 years postoperatively is predictive of a higher risk of subsequent ipsilateral knee surgery and decreases in PRO scores from 2 to 6 years after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
July 16, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Mark J Scholes, Matthew G King, Kay M Crossley, Denise M Jones, Adam I Semciw, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Joshua J Heerey, Peter R Lawrenson, Sally L Coburn, Richard T R Johnston, Emily C Bell, Michael Girdwood, Joanne L Kemp
BACKGROUND: The International Hip Outcome Tool-33 (iHOT-33) was developed to evaluate patients seeking surgery for hip and/or groin (hip/groin) pain and may not be appropriate for those seeking nonsurgical treatment. PURPOSE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the iHOT-33 total (iHOT-Total) score and all subscale scores in adults with hip/groin pain who were not seeking surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 3...
July 15, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Monika L Bayer, Maren Hoegberget-Kalisz, Rene B Svensson, Mikkel H Hjortshoej, Jens L Olesen, Janus D Nybing, Mikael Boesen, S Peter Magnusson, Michael Kjaer
BACKGROUND: Muscle strain injury leads to a high risk of recurrent injury in sports and can cause long-term symptoms such as weakness and pain. Scar tissue formation after strain injuries has been described, yet what ultrastructural changes might occur in the chronic phase of this injury have not. It is also unknown if persistent symptoms and morphological abnormalities of the tissue can be mitigated by strength training. PURPOSE: To investigate if heavy resistance training improves symptoms and structural abnormalities after strain injuries...
July 15, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Landon B Lempke, Rachel S Johnson, Rachel K Le, Melissa N Anderson, Julianne D Schmidt, Robert C Lynall
BACKGROUND: Youth flag football participation has rapidly grown and is a potentially safer alternative to tackle football. However, limited research has quantitatively assessed youth flag football head impact biomechanics. PURPOSE: To describe head impact biomechanics outcomes in youth flag football and explore factors associated with head impact magnitudes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: We monitored 52 player-seasons among 48 male flag football players (mean ± SD; age, 9...
July 15, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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