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American Journal of Critical Care

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474611/evaluation-of-wide-complex-tachycardia
#1
Salah S Al-Zaiti, Ahmad Mahmoud, Teri M Kozik, Michele M Pelter, Mary G Carey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474610/exploring-patients-goals-within-the-intensive-care-unit-rehabilitation-setting
#2
Joanne M McPeake, Michael O Harhay, Helen Devine, Theodore J Iwashyna, Pamela MacTavish, Mark Mikkelsen, Martin Shaw, Tara Quasim
BACKGROUND: The number of patients surviving critical care is increasing. Quality of life after critical care is known to be poor for some patients. The evidence base for effective rehabilitation interventions in the period following a stay in an intensive care unit is limited. OBJECTIVES: To understand what rehabilitation goals are important to patients after critical care discharge. METHODS: This prospective study, which was undertaken during an intensive care unit recovery program, explored the recovery goals of 43 patients...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474609/exercise-physiologists-key-to-providing-early-mobilization-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Claudia DiSabatino Smith, Petra Grami, Cheryl Haseeb, Yao Ababio
BACKGROUND: Patient immobility and a lack of physical activity in the intensive care unit results in a myriad of negative patient and hospital outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To report research findings related to the use of exercise physiologists in promoting and providing aggressive and progressive early mobilization within the intensive care unit. METHODS: This observational cohort study used the researcher-generated 12-point Activity Mobilization Evaluation Scale and delirium prevention bundle in 3 medical-surgical intensive care units to track patients' progress with mobilization...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474608/bispectral-index-for-titrating-sedation-in-ards-patients-during-neuromuscular-blockade
#4
Stephanie Bass, Mark L Vance, Anita Reddy, Seth R Bauer, Erin Roach, Heather Torbic, Sarah Welch, Abhijit Duggal
BACKGROUND: Despite a lack of data from intensive care patients, bispectral index monitors are often used to measure the depth of sedation for critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who require continuous neuromuscular blocking agents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in the effectiveness and safety of monitoring sedation by using bispectral index or traditional methods in patients with ARDS who are receiving continuous neuromuscular blocking agents...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474607/high-flow-oxygen-therapy-to-speed-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-a-prospective-randomized-study
#5
Fen Liu, Qiang Shao, Rong Jiang, Zhenguo Zeng, Yang Liu, Yong Li, Qin Liu, Chengzhi Ding, Ning Zhao, Zhiyong Peng, Kejian Qian
BACKGROUND: High-flow oxygen therapy has been widely adopted, but its use for weaning patients from mechanical ventilation has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether high-flow oxygen therapy improves the efficiency of weaning patients from mechanical ventilation. METHODS: In a single-center, prospective study, patients receiving mechanical ventilation were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups (T-tube, pressure support ventilation, or high-flow oxygen) during 2-hour spontaneous breathing trials in a 14-day study...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474606/validation-of-the-withdrawal-assessment-tool-1-in-adult-intensive-care-patients
#6
Anissa Capilnean, Amanda Martone, Vlad A Rosu, Patricia R Sandu, Paul Murgoi, Anne Julie Frenette, David Williamson, Annie Lecavalier, Dev Jayaraman, Philippe Rico, Patrick Bellemare, Céline Gélinas, Marc M Perreault
BACKGROUND: The Withdrawal Assessment Tool-1 (WAT-1) has been validated for assessing iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome in critically ill children receiving mechanical ventilation, but little is known about this syndrome in critically ill adults. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the WAT-1 in critically ill adults. METHODS: A prospective, observational, open-cohort pilot study of critically ill adults receiving mechanical ventilation and regular administration of opioids for at least 72 hours...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474605/having-to-be-the-one-mothers-providing-home-care-to-infants-with-complex-cardiac-needs
#7
Flerida Imperial-Perez, MarySue V Heilemann
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease and advances in surgical interventions have resulted in remarkable improvements in prognoses and hospital survival. Although studies have provided insight into children's experiences with complex congenital heart disease after hospitalization, few have addressed parents' experiences providing care for infants with complex congenital heart disease who are discharged home with complex care needs after surgical palliation. OBJECTIVES: To describe the perceptions and lived experiences of mothers of infants who were discharged from the hospital after surgery for complex congenital heart disease but were then readmitted to the hospital...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474604/strategies-to-avoid-the-unavoidable-preventing-hospital-acquired-pressure-injury
#8
REVIEW
Sarah A Delgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474603/hospital-acquired-pressure-injuries-in-critical-and-progressive-care-avoidable-versus-unavoidable
#9
Joyce Pittman, Terrie Beeson, Jill Dillon, Ziyi Yang, Janet Cuddigan
BACKGROUND: Despite prevention strategies, hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) continue to occur, especially in critical care, raising the question whether some pressure injuries are unavoidable. OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of HAPIs among patients in critical and progressive care units that are unavoidable, and to identify risk factors that differentiate avoidable from unavoidable HAPIs. METHODS: This study used a descriptive retrospective design...
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474602/clinical-pearls
#10
EDITORIAL
Rhonda Board
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31474601/grit-makes-us-unstoppable
#11
EDITORIAL
Cindy L Munro, Aluko A Hope
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: American Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263016/important-electrocardiographic-changes-in-the-absence-of-positive-cardiac-biomarkers
#12
Mary G Carey, Salah S Al-Zaiti, Teri M Kozik, Michele M Pelter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263015/intensive-care-unit-diaries-part-1-constructing-illness-narratives-to-promote-recovery-after-critical-illness
#13
REVIEW
Margo A Halm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263014/patients-and-care-providers-perceptions-of-television-based-education-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Melissa L Thompson Bastin, Grant Tyler Short, Aaron M Cook, Katie Rust, Alexander H Flannery
BACKGROUND: Delivery of patient education materials to promote health literacy is a vital component of patient-centered care, which improves patients' decision-making, reduces patients' anxiety, and improves clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perceptions of television-based patient education among patients, caregivers, nurses, and other care providers (attending physicians, advanced practice nurses, physician assistants, and resident fellows) in the intensive care unit...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263013/effectiveness-of-nursing-interventions-to-prevent-dry-eye-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
Diego Dias de Araujo, Daniel Vinicius Alves Silva, Carolina Amaral Oliveira Rodrigues, Patricia Oliveira Silva, Tamara Goncalves Rezende Macieira, Tania Couto Machado Chianca
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients are susceptible to the development of dry eye. Few studies have been conducted on how to best prevent and treat this condition. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of 2 nursing interventions in preventing dry eye in adult intensive care unit patients: liquid artificial tears (Lacribell; Latinofarma) and artificial tears gel (Vidisic Gel; Bausch and Lomb). METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 140 participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups: a liquid artificial tears group (n = 70) and an artificial tears gel group (n = 70)...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263012/contextual-barriers-to-communication-between-physicians-and-nurses-about-appropriate-catheter-use
#16
Milisa Manojlovich, Jessica M Ameling, Jane Forman, Samantha Judkins, Martha Quinn, Jennifer Meddings
BACKGROUND: Indwelling urinary and vascular catheters are a common cause of health care-associated infections. Interventions designed to reduce catheter use can be ineffective if they are not integrated into the workflow and communication streams of busy clinicians. OBJECTIVES: To characterize communication barriers between physicians and nurses and to understand how these barriers affect appropriate use and removal of indwelling urinary and vascular catheters. METHODS: Individual and small-group semistructured interviews were conducted with physicians and nurses in a progressive care unit of an academic hospital...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263011/factors-nurses-in-the-intensive-care-unit-consider-when-making-decisions-about-patient-mobility
#17
Anna E Krupp, William J Ehlenbach, Barbara King
BACKGROUND: Early mobility interventions in the intensive care unit can improve patients' outcomes, yet they are not routinely implemented in many intensive care units. In an effort to identify opportunities to implement and sustain evidence-based practice, prior work has demonstrated that understanding the decision-making process of health professionals is critical for identifying opportunities to improve program implementation. Nurses are often responsible for mobilizing patients, but how they overcome barriers and make decisions to mobilize patients in the intensive care unit is not understood...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263010/family-centered-communication-and-acute-stress-in-israeli-intensive-care-units
#18
Freda DeKeyser Ganz, Gilat Yihye, Nicole Beckman
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit stays can be stressful for patients' family members. Family-centered communication has 6 components: fostering relationships, exchanging information, responding to emotions, managing uncertainty, making decisions, and enabling patient self-management. Whether these communication components decrease family members' stress is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe levels of family-centered communication and associations with acute stress while patients are in the intensive care unit...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263009/pain-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-how-and-what-are-we-doing
#19
Cynthia M LaFond, Kirsten S Hanrahan, Nicole L Pierce, Yelena Perkhounkova, Elyse L Laures, Ann Marie McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Pain management in critically ill children is complex. Epidemiological research is needed to identify how often patients in pediatric intensive care units experience pain and the practices being used to lessen pain. OBJECTIVES: To describe pain assessment and intervention practices in pediatric intensive care units, determine the prevalence of pain and painful procedures, and identify characteristics of children with moderate to severe pain. METHODS: A 24-hour observational cohort study was conducted in 15 units...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31263008/nurses-attitudes-about-sedation-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Cindy Cain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care
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