Karina Reyner, Alan C Heffner, Colleen H Karvetski
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of severe sepsis, and anatomic urologic obstruction is a recognized factor for complicated disease. We aimed to identify the incidence of urinary obstruction complicating acute septic shock and determine the characteristics and outcomes of this group. METHODS: Patients prospectively enrolled in a sepsis treatment pathway registry between October 2013 and July 2014 were reviewed for the diagnosis of UTI. Standardized medical record review was performed to confirm sepsis due to UTI and determine clinical variables including the presence of anatomic urinary obstruction...
April 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Charles Wong, Braden Teitge, Marshall Ross, Paul Young, Helen Lee Robertson, Eddy Lang
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been suggested as an initial investigation in the management of renal colic. Our objectives were: 1) to determine the accuracy of POCUS for the diagnosis of nephrolithiasis and 2) to assess its prognostic value in the management of renal colic. METHODS: The review protocol was registered to the PROSPERO database (CRD42016035331). An electronic database search of MEDLINE, Embase, and PubMed was conducted utilizing subject headings, keywords, and synonyms that address our research question...
June 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine
Brock Daniels, Cary P Gross, Annette Molinaro, Dinesh Singh, Seth Luty, Richelle Jessey, Christopher L Moore
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine whether renal point-of-care limited ultrasonography (PLUS) used in conjunction with the Sex, Timing, Origin, Nausea, Erythrocytes (STONE) clinical prediction score can aid identification of emergency department (ED) patients with uncomplicated ureteral stone or need for urologic intervention. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of adult ED patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) scan for suspected ureteral stone...
April 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Rebecca Smith-Bindman, Chandra Aubin, John Bailitz, Rimon N Bengiamin, Carlos A Camargo, Jill Corbo, Anthony J Dean, Ruth B Goldstein, Richard T Griffey, Gregory D Jay, Tarina L Kang, Dana R Kriesel, O John Ma, Michael Mallin, William Manson, Joy Melnikow, Diana L Miglioretti, Sara K Miller, Lisa D Mills, James R Miner, Michelle Moghadassi, Vicki E Noble, Gregory M Press, Marshall L Stoller, Victoria E Valencia, Jessica Wang, Ralph C Wang, Steven R Cummings
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus about whether the initial imaging method for patients with suspected nephrolithiasis should be computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography. METHODS: In this multicenter, pragmatic, comparative effectiveness trial, we randomly assigned patients 18 to 76 years of age who presented to the emergency department with suspected nephrolithiasis to undergo initial diagnostic ultrasonography performed by an emergency physician (point-of-care ultrasonography), ultrasonography performed by a radiologist (radiology ultrasonography), or abdominal CT...
September 18, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Meghan K Herbst, Graeme Rosenberg, Brock Daniels, Cary P Gross, Dinesh Singh, Annette M Molinaro, Seth Luty, Christopher L Moore
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Hydronephrosis is readily visible on ultrasonography and is a strong predictor of ureteral stones, but ultrasonography is a user-dependent technology and the test characteristics of clinician-performed ultrasonography for hydronephrosis are incompletely characterized, as is the effect of ultrasound fellowship training on predictive accuracy. We seek to determine the test characteristics of ultrasonography for detecting hydronephrosis when performed by clinicians with a wide range of experience under conditions of direct patient care...
September 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Gianfranco Vallone, Giuseppina Napolitano, Paolo Fonio, Gabriele Antinolfi, Antonio Romeo, Luca Macarini, Eugenio Annibale Genovese, Luca Brunese
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the color Doppler twinkling sign could be considered as an additional diagnostic feature of small renal lithiasis (_5mm). METHODS: 181 patients underwent CT scans performed for other pathologies; the images were also analyzed by a radiologists to identify the incidental presence of renal lithiasis equal to or smaller than 5 mm.These patients underwent an abdominal ultrasound examination, including grayscale analysis of the kidneys and color Doppler...
July 15, 2013: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Ali Babaei Jandaghi, Siavash Falahatkar, Ahmad Alizadeh, Alireza Rajabzadeh Kanafi, Ramin Pourghorban, Babak Shekarchi, Amin Keshavarz Zirak, Samaneh Esmaeili
This study was designed to evaluate ureterovesical jet dynamics in obstructed ureter and to compare it with those of contralateral unobstructed side. Forty-six patients with diagnosis of ureteral stone, based on imaging findings in computed tomography were enrolled in this study. The gray-scale ultrasound exam from both kidneys and urinary bladder was performed. Then, ureterovesical jet characteristics including ureteral jet frequency, duration and peak velocity were assessed by color Doppler and duplex Doppler studies in both obstructed and unobstructed ureters by a radiologist, 15-30 min after oral hydration with 750-1,000 mL of water...
April 2013: Urolithiasis
Christopher L Moore, Leslie Scoutt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Tomás Ripollés, María J Martínez-Pérez, José Vizuete, Salvador Miralles, Fructuoso Delgado, Teresa Pastor-Navarro
PURPOSE: Our aim was to analyze the value of ultrasound using the twinkling sign in the diagnosis of ureteral stones in patients with renal colic in the emergency setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 100 patients with suspected renal colic who underwent an US examination, including color Doppler mode. We analyzed sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and accuracy. We evaluated whether the stone was observed before or after the twinkling artifact, and whether the use of the Doppler color increased the examination time...
August 2013: Abdominal Imaging
Peregrine James Dalziel, Vicki Elizabeth Noble
Renal colic is a common emergency department (ED) presentation. The use of CT in the diagnosis of renal colic has increased over the past two decades and is now the most common imaging modality used in many institutions. However, with growing concerns about cumulative radiation exposure, increasing healthcare costs and patient flow in EDs, alternative approaches may need to be considered. Point-of-care ultrasound may offer a radiation-free, rapid and cost-effective alternative. The authors reviewed the literature and synthesised some of the data comparing point-of-care ultrasound with CT scanning as well as some of the evidence for how it might be incorporated into a renal colic management strategy...
January 2013: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Antonio C Westphalen, Renee Y Hsia, Judith H Maselli, Ralph Wang, Ralph Gonzales
OBJECTIVES: Overutilization of computed tomography (CT) is a growing public health concern due to increasing health care costs and exposure to radiation; these must be weighed against the potential benefits of CT for improving diagnoses and treatment plans. The objective of this study was to determine the national trends of CT and ultrasound (US) utilization for assessment of suspected urolithiasis in emergency departments (EDs) and if these trends are accompanied by changes in diagnosis rates for urolithiasis or other significant disorders and hospitalization rates...
July 2011: Academic Emergency Medicine
James H Moak, Michael S Lyons, Christopher J Lindsell
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ultrasound changes emergency physicians' estimated likelihood of acute ureterolithiasis in patients with flank pain. METHODS: This prospective, observational study enrolled patients awaiting computed tomographic (CT) scan for presumed renal colic. Using a visual analogue scale, treating physicians estimated the likelihood of acute ureterolithiasis based first on clinical findings and urinalysis, then after ultrasound, and finally after CT...
January 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jacob K Goertz, Seth Lotterman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine if the degree of hydronephrosis on focused emergency renal ultrasound correlates with kidney stone size on computed tomography. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on all adult patients in the emergency department who had a focused emergency renal ultrasound and ureterolithiasis on noncontrast computed tomography. Severity of hydronephrosis was determined by the performing physician. Ureteral stone size was grouped into 5 mm or less and larger than 5 mm based on likelihood of spontaneous passage...
September 2010: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stuart Watkins, Justin Bowra, Praneal Sharma, Anna Holdgate, Alan Giles, Lewis Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Patients presenting to the ED with obstructive nephropathies benefit from early detection of hydronephrosis. Out of hours radiological imaging is expensive and disruptive to arrange. Emergency physician ultrasound (EPU) could allow rapid diagnosis and disposition. If accurate it might avert the need for formal radiological imaging, exclude an obstruction and improve patient flow through the ED. METHODS: This was a prospective study of a convenience sample of all adult non-pregnant patients with presumed ureteric colic attending the ED with prior ethics committee approval...
June 2007: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Romolo J Gaspari, Kurt Horst
OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of limited emergency ultrasonography of the kidney in diagnosing renal colic. METHODS: This was a prospective observational trial from December 2001 to December 2003 at a suburban emergency department. Patients who presented with flank pain suspicious for renal colic were enrolled. Exclusion criteria included fever, trauma, known current kidney stone, unstable vital signs, and inability to provide consent...
December 2005: Academic Emergency Medicine
C L Rosen, D F Brown, M J Sagarin, Y Chang, C J McCabe, R E Wolfe
We performed a prospective study of patients with suspected ureteral colic to evaluate the test characteristics of bedside renal ultrasonography (US) performed by emergency physicians (EPs) for detecting hydronephrosis, and to evaluate how US can be used to predict the likelihood of nephrolithiasis. Thirteen EPs performed US, recorded the presence of hydronephrosis, and made an assessment of the likelihood of nephrolithiasis. All patients underwent i.v. pyelography (IVP) or unenhanced helical computed tomography (CT)...
November 1998: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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